John Stewart Williamson, who wrote as Jack Williamson, was an American science fiction writer called the "Dean of Science Fiction". Early in his career he sometimes used Nils O. Sonderlund. Williamson was born April 29, 1908 in Bisbee, Arizona Territory, spent his early childhood in western Texas. In search of better pastures, his family migrated to rural New Mexico in a horse-drawn covered wagon in 1915; the farming was difficult there and the family turned to ranching, which they continue to this day. He served in the U. S. Army Air Corps in World War II as a weather forecaster; as a child Williamson enjoyed storytelling to two sisters. As a young man, he discovered the magazine Amazing Stories, established in 1926 by Hugo Gernsback, after answering an ad for one free issue, he strove to write his own fiction and sold his first story to Gernsback at age 20: "The Metal Man" was published in the December 1928 issue of Amazing. During the next year Gernsback published three more of his stories in the new pulp magazines Science Wonder Stories and Air Wonder Stories, separately published "The Girl from Mars" by Miles J. Breuer and Williamson as Science Fiction Series #1.
His work during this early period was influenced by A. Merritt, author of The Metal Monster and other fantasy serials. Noting the Merritt influence, Algis Budrys described "The Metal Man" as "a story full of memorable images". Early on, Williamson became impressed by the works of Miles J. Breuer and struck up a correspondence with him. A doctor who wrote science fiction in his spare time, Breuer had a strong talent and turned Williamson away from dreamlike fantasies towards more rigorous plotting and stronger narrative. Under Breuer's tutelage, Williamson would send drafts for review, their first work together was the novel Birth of a New Republic in which Moon colonies were undergoing something like the American Revolution—a theme taken up by many other SF writers in Robert A. Heinlein's The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress. Wracked by emotional storms and believing many of his physical ailments to be psychosomatic, Williamson underwent psychiatric evaluation in 1933 at the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas, in which he began to learn to resolve the conflict between his reason and his emotion.
From this period, his stories take on more realistic tone. By the 1930s he was an established genre author, the teenaged Isaac Asimov was thrilled to receive a postcard from Williamson, whom he had idolized, which congratulated him on his first published story and offered "welcome to the ranks". Williamson remained a regular contributor to the pulp magazines but did not achieve financial success as a writer until many years later. An unfavorable review of one of his books, which compared his writing to that of a comic strip, brought Williamson to the attention of The New York Sunday News, which needed a science fiction writer for a new comic strip. Williamson wrote the strip Beyond Mars, loosely based on his novel Seetee Ship, until the paper dropped all comics. Beginning 1954 and continuing into the 1990s, Williamson and Frederik Pohl wrote more than a dozen science fiction novels together, including the series Jim Eden and Cuckoo. Williamson continued to write as a nonagenarian and won both the Hugo and Nebula Awards during the last decade of his life, by far the oldest writer to win those awards.
In his years, he would criticize attempts to write "serious" science fiction: Maybe because of my own background of writing commercial SF for so many years, I have a great deal of respect for good craftsmanship of the sort that commercial writers must develop. The labels you hear so much of—"commercial," "serious writer," "mainstream," "hack," "New Wave," "experimental"—are very misleading. In my own field, Ed Hamilton and Hank Kuttner and more Bob Silverberg are all writers who formed a fine command of the SF genre early in their careers and who on used this to do work, more consciously "literary" and hence more admired by critics, but the writing they did earlier was deservedly popular among SF fandom, who evidently found these works "serious" enough to merit reading. I am opposed, however, to literary tricks that tend towards obscurity or artificial difficulty, though I can see arguments for that kind of approach. My own experience as a teacher of writing confirms my sense that new authors with artistic ambitions may find themselves scorning too many of the old forms and patterns because they blindly associate them with hack work.
The point is that these patterns and structures form the basic vocabulary through which all SF writers must speak. That's one reason I'm not sympathetic with contemporary writers like Silverberg and Chip Delany and Tom Disch, who are aiming to get themselves recognized as "serious" or mainstream authors. Williamson received his Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees in English in the 1950s from Eastern New Mexico University in Portales, joining the faculty of that university in 1960, he remained affiliated with the school for the rest of his life. In the late 1990s, he established a permanent trust to fund the publication of El Portal, ENMU's journal of literature and art. In the 1980s, he made a sizable donation of books and original manuscripts to ENMU's library, which resulted in the formation of a Special Collections department. In addition, Williamson hosted the Jack Williamson Lectureship Series, an
Hofstra University is a private, non-profit, nonsectarian university in Hempstead, New York. Long Island's largest private university, Hofstra originated in 1935 as an extension of New York University under the name Nassau College – Hofstra Memorial of New York University at Hempstead, Long Island, it became independent Hofstra College in 1939 and gained university status in 1963. Comprising ten schools, including the Northwell School of Medicine and Deane School of Law, Hofstra is noted for a series of prominent Presidential conferences and hosting several United States presidential debates; the college – established as an extension of New York University – was founded on the estate of a wealthy couple, a lumber entrepreneur of Dutch ancestry, William S. Hofstra and his second wife, Kate Mason; the extension had been proposed by a Hempstead resident, Truesdel Peck Calkins, superintendent of schools for Hempstead. In her will, Kate Mason provided the bulk of their property and estate to be used for a charitable, scientific or humanitarian purpose, to be named in honor of her husband.
Two friends, Howard Brower and James Barnard, were asked to decide what to do with the estate. Calkins remarked to Brower that he had been looking for a site to start an institution of higher education, the three men agreed it would be an appropriate use of the estate. Calkins approached the administration at New York University, they expressed interest; the college was founded as a coeducational, commuter institution with day and evening classes. The first day of classes was September 23, 1935, the first class of students was made up of 159 day and 621 evening students; the tuition fee for the year was $375. The college obtained provisional charter status, its official name was changed to Hofstra College on January 16, 1937. Hofstra College separated from New York University in 1939 and was granted an absolute charter on February 16, 1940. Hofstra's original logo was a seal created by Professor of Art Constant van de Wall in 1937; the insignia was derived from the official seal of the reigning house of the Netherlands, the House of Orange-Nassau.
Used with the permission of the monarch of the Netherlands, the seal included the Dutch national motto Je Maintiendrai, meaning “I stand steadfast” in French. In 1939, Hofstra celebrated its first four-year commencement, graduating a class of 83 students; the first graduates had strong feelings for the new institution. When they were allowed to choose whether they would receive degrees from New York University or Hofstra, they overwhelmingly chose Hofstra degrees. Academic recognition of Hofstra was affirmed when the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools accepted Hofstra for membership on November 22, 1940. Early in 1941 the college was elected to membership in the American Association of Colleges. In 1950, Calkins Gymnasium was the site of the first Shakespeare Festival, it was performed on a five-sixths-sized replica of the Globe Theatre. The festival is now performed on the Globe Stage, the most accurate Globe Theatre replica in the United States. With the approval of the New York State Board of Regents, Hofstra became Long Island's first private university on March 1, 1963.
In that year, the Board of Trustees resolved to make Hofstra architecturally barrier-free for individuals with physical disabilities, stating that all students should have access to higher education. This became federal law, Hofstra was subsequently recognized as a pioneer. Other forward-thinking programs and events followed, including the New Opportunities at Hofstra program, established the following year. NOAH is Hofstra's Arthur O. Eve Higher Education Opportunity Program. In 1963, Mitchel Air Force Base was closed by the military and declared surplus property; the university asked for part of the area to be used for educational purposes, was subsequently granted 110 acres. Remnants of the concrete runways from the Air Force base are now parking lots for Hofstra's North Campus; the Hofstra University Museum was established that year. Hofstra Stadium served as the site of the first-ever NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship game in 1971; the university reorganized its divisions into “schools” in the 1960s.
Hofstra was authorized by the Board of Regents to offer its first doctoral degrees in 1966. In 1968, the Hofstra Stadium became the first to install Astroturf outdoors in the East, the New York Jets began holding their summer training camp to the North Campus, until 2008, when the Jets moved to Florham Park, New Jersey; the Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary at Hofstra University has a collection of diverse trees and reflecting its Dutch origin, displays an array of rare and colorful tulips in the Spring. There are 3,381 faculty members, 6,913 undergraduates, with a total of 11,240 students overall, including all full and part-time undergraduates, graduates and medical students; the campus has 117 buildings on 244 acres. The part of the campus located south of Hempstead Turnpike and west of California Avenue is located in the Village of Hempstead; the part of the campus north of Hempstead Turnpike and east of California Avenue is located in Uniondale and East Garden City. Hofstra offers an MBA program as well as other classes in New York City from a center in Manhattan.
The campus is 7 miles from the Borough of Queens in New York City, you can see the entire New York City skyline from the 10th floor of the library. The Campus is located across the street from the "Nassau Hub" and Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum, home of the New York Islanders, Long Island Nets, New York Riptide, New York Open. Ho
Eclecticism is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases. However, this is without conventions or rules dictating how or which theories were combined, it can sometimes seem inelegant or lacking in simplicity, eclectics are sometimes criticized for lack of consistency in their thinking. It is, common in many fields of study. For example, most psychologists accept certain aspects of behaviorism, but do not attempt to use the theory to explain all aspects of human behavior. Eclecticism in ethics and religion is known as syncretism. Eclecticism was first recorded to have been practiced by a group of ancient Greek and Roman philosophers who attached themselves to no real system, but selected from existing philosophical beliefs those doctrines that seemed most reasonable to them. Out of this collected material they constructed their new system of philosophy.
The term comes from the Greek ἐκλεκτικός "choosing the best", that from ἐκλεκτός, "picked out, select". Well known eclectics in Greek philosophy were the Stoics Panaetius and Posidonius, the New Academics Carneades and Philo of Larissa. Among the Romans, Cicero was eclectic, as he united the Peripatetic and New Academic doctrines. Philo's successor and Cicero's teacher Antiochus of Ascalon is credited with influencing the Academy so that it transitioned from Scepticism to Eclecticism. Other eclectics included Seneca the Younger. According to Rošker and Suhadolnik, however though eclecticism had a Greek origin, the term was used and it was given a negative connotation by historians of Greek thought, associating it with the description for impure and unoriginal thinking. Scholars such as Clement of Alexandria maintained that eclecticism had a long history in Greek philosophy and it is underpinned by a deeper metaphysical and theological conviction concerning the absolute/God as the source of all noble thoughts and that all parts of the truth can be found among the various philosophical systems.
The term eclecticism is used to describe the combination, in a single work, of elements from different historical styles, chiefly in architecture and, by implication, in the fine and decorative arts. The term is sometimes loosely applied to the general stylistic variety of 19th-century architecture after neoclassicism, although the revivals of styles in that period have, since the 1970s been referred to as aspects of historicism. Eclecticism plays an important role in critical discussions and evaluations but is somehow distant from the actual forms of the artifacts to which it is applied, its meaning is thus rather indistinct; the simplest definition of the term—that every work of art represents the combination of a variety of influences—is so basic as to be of little use. In some ways Eclecticism is reminiscent of Mannerism in that the term was used pejoratively for much of the period of its currency, unlike Mannerism, Eclecticism never amounted to a movement or constituted a specific style: it is characterized by the fact that it was not a particular style.
Some martial arts can be described as eclectic in the sense that they borrow techniques from a wide variety of other martial arts. In textual criticism, eclecticism is the practice of examining a wide number of text witnesses and selecting the variant that seems best; the result of the process is a text with readings drawn from many witnesses. In a purely eclectic approach, no single witness is theoretically favored. Instead, the critic forms opinions about individual witnesses, relying on both external and internal evidence. Since the mid-19th century, eclecticism, in which there is no a priori bias to a single manuscript, has been the dominant method of editing the Greek text of the New Testament. So, the oldest manuscripts, being of the Alexandrian text-type, are the most favored, the critical text has an Alexandrian disposition. In ancient philosophy, the Eclectics use elements from multiple philosophies, life experiences and their own philosophical ideas; these ideas include life as connected with existence, values, reason and language.
Antiochus of Ascalon, was the pupil of Philo of Larissa, the teacher of Cicero. Through his influence, Platonism made the transition from New Academy skepticism to Eclecticism. Whereas Philo had still adhered to the doctrine that there is nothing certain, Antiochus returned to a pronounced dogmatism. Among his other objections to skepticism was the consideration that without firm convictions no rational content of life is possible. Antiochus pointed out that it is a contradiction to assert that nothing can be asserted or to prove that nothing can be proved, he expounded the Academic and Stoic systems in such a way as to show that these three schools deviate from one another only in minor points. Antiochus himself was chiefly interested in ethics, in which he tried to find a middle way between Zeno and Plato. For instance, he said that virtue suffices for happiness, but for the highest grade of happiness bodily and external goods are necessary as well; this eclectic tendency was favoured by the lack of dogmatic works by Plato.
Middle Platonism was promoted by the necessity of considering the main theories of the post-Platonic schools of philosophy, such as the Aristotelian logic and the Stoic psychology and ethic
Eugene Wesley Roddenberry was an American television screenwriter and creator of the original Star Trek television series, its first spin-off The Next Generation. Born in El Paso, Roddenberry grew up in Los Angeles, where his father was a police officer. Roddenberry flew 89 combat missions in the Army Air Forces during World War II, worked as a commercial pilot after the war, he followed in his father's footsteps and joined the Los Angeles Police Department, where he began to write scripts for television. As a freelance writer, Roddenberry wrote scripts for Highway Patrol, Have Gun–Will Travel, other series, before creating and producing his own television series The Lieutenant. In 1964, Roddenberry created Star Trek, which premiered in 1966 and ran for three seasons before being canceled, he worked on other projects, including a string of failed television pilots. The syndication of Star Trek led to its growing popularity. In 1987, the sequel series Star Trek: The Next Generation began airing on television in first-run syndication.
He continued to consult on the series until his death in 1991. In 1985, he became the first TV writer with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, he was inducted by both the Science Fiction Hall of Fame and the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame. Years after his death, Roddenberry was one of the first humans to have his ashes carried into earth orbit; the popularity of the Star Trek universe and films has inspired films, comic books, video games, fan films set in the Star Trek universe. Roddenberry was born on August 19, 1921, in his parents' rented home in El Paso, the first child of Eugene Edward Roddenberry and Caroline "Glen" Roddenberry; the family moved to Los Angeles in 1923 after Gene's father passed the Civil Service test and was given a police commission there. During his childhood, Roddenberry was interested in reading pulp magazines, was a fan of stories such as John Carter of Mars and the Skylark series by E. E. Smith. Roddenberry majored in police science at Los Angeles City College, where he began dating Eileen-Anita Rexroat and became interested in aeronautical engineering.
He obtained a pilot's license through the United States Army Air Corps-sponsored Civilian Pilot Training Program. He enlisted with the USAAC on December 18, 1941, married Eileen on June 13, 1942, he graduated from the USAAC on August 1942, when he was commissioned as a second lieutenant. He was posted to Bellows Field, Oahu, to join the 394th Bomb Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group, of the Thirteenth Air Force, which flew the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. On August 2, 1943, while flying B-17E-BO, 41-2463, "Yankee Doodle", out of Espiritu Santo, the plane Roddenberry was piloting overshot the runway by 500 feet and impacted trees, crushing the nose, starting a fire, killing two men, bombardier Sgt. John P. Kruger and navigator Lt. Talbert H. Woolam; the official report absolved Roddenberry of any responsibility. Roddenberry spent the remainder of his military career in the United States, flew all over the country as a plane crash investigator, he was involved in this time as a passenger. He was awarded the Air Medal.
In 1945, Roddenberry began flying for Pan American World Airways, including routes from New York to Johannesburg or Calcutta, the two longest Pan Am routes at the time. Listed as a resident of River Edge, New Jersey, he experienced his third crash while on the Clipper Eclipse on June 18, 1947; the plane came down in the Syrian Desert, Roddenberry, who took control as the ranking flight officer, suffered two broken ribs but was able to drag injured passengers out of the burning plane and led the group to get help. Fourteen people died in the crash, he resigned from Pan Am on May 15, 1948, decided to pursue his dream of writing for the new medium of television. Roddenberry applied for a position with the Los Angeles Police Department on January 10, 1949, spent his first 16 months in the traffic division before being transferred to the newspaper unit; this became the Public Information Division and Roddenberry became the Chief of Police's speech writer. He became technical advisor for a new television version of Mr. District Attorney, which led to him writing for the show under his pseudonym "Robert Wesley".
He began to collaborate with Ziv Television Programs, continued to sell scripts to Mr. District Attorney, in addition to Ziv's Highway Patrol. In early 1956, he sold two story ideas for I Led Three Lives, he found that it was becoming difficult to be a writer and a policeman. On June 7, 1956, he resigned from the force to concentrate on his writing career. Roddenberry was promoted to head writer for The West Point Story, wrote 10 scripts for the first season, about a third of the total episodes. While working for Ziv, he pitched a series to CBS set on board a cruise ship, but they did not buy it, as he wanted to become a producer and have full creative control, he wrote another script for Ziv's series Harbourmaster titled "Coastal Security", signed a contract with the company to develop a show called Junior Executive with Quinn Martin. Nothing came of the series, he wrote scripts for a number of other series in his early years as a professional writer, including Bat Masterson and Jefferson Drum.
Roddenberry's episode of the series
Gardner Raymond Dozois was an American science fiction author and editor. He was the founding editor of The Year's Best Science Fiction anthologies and was editor of Asimov's Science Fiction magazine, garnering multiple Hugo and Locus Awards for those works every year, he won the Nebula Award for Best Short Story twice. He was inducted to the Science Fiction Hall of Fame on June 25, 2011. Dozois was born July 1947, in Salem, Massachusetts, he graduated from Salem High School with the Class of 1965. From 1966 to 1969 he served in the Army as a journalist, after which he moved to New York City to work as an editor in the science fiction field. One of his stories had been published by Frederik Pohl in the September 1966 issue of If but his next four appeared in 1970, three in Damon Knight's anthology series Orbit. Dozois said that he turned to reading fiction as an escape from the provincialism of his home town, he was badly injured in a taxi accident after returning from a Philadelphia Phillies game in 2004 but made a full recovery.
On July 6, 2007, Dozois had surgery for a planned quintuple bypass operation. A week he experienced complications which prompted additional surgery to implant a defibrillator. Dozois died on May 27, 2018, of a systemic infection at a hospital in Philadelphia at the age of 70; as a writer, Dozois worked in shorter forms. He won the Nebula Award for best short story twice: once for "The Peacemaker" in 1983, again for "Morning Child" in 1984, his short fiction has been collected in The Visible Man, Geodesic Dreams, Slow Dancing through Time, Strange Days, Morning Child and Other Stories and When the Great Days Come. As a novelist, Dozois's oeuvre is smaller, he was the author of one solo novel, Strangers, as well as a collaboration with George Alec Effinger, Nightmare Blue, a collaboration with George R. R. Martin and Daniel Abraham for Hunter's Run. After becoming editor of Asimov's, Dozois's fiction output dwindled, his 2006 novelette "Counterfactual" won the Sidewise Award for best alternate-history short story.
Dozois wrote short fiction reviews for Locus. Michael Swanwick, one of his co-authors, completed a long interview with Dozois covering every published piece of his fiction. Being Gardner Dozois: An Interview by Michael Swanwick was published by Old Earth Books in 2001, it was a finalist for the Hugo Award for Best Related Book. Dozois was known as an editor, winning the Hugo Award for Best Professional Editor 15 times in 17 years from 1988 to his retirement from Asimov's in 2004. George R. R. Martin described him as the most important and influential editor in science fiction since John W. Campbell. In addition to his work with Asimov's, he worked in the 1970s with magazines such as Galaxy Science Fiction, If, Worlds of Fantasy, Worlds of Tomorrow. Dozois was a prolific short fiction anthologist. After resigning from his Asimov's position, he remained the editor of the anthology series The Year's Best Science Fiction, published annually since 1984. In three decades Locus readers have voted it the year's best anthology 20 times and the runner-up 10 times.
And, with Jack Dann, he edited a long series of themed anthologies, each with a self-explanatory title such as Cats, Seaserpents, or Hackers. Stories selected by Gardner Dozois for the annual best-of-year volumes have won, as of December 2015, 44 Hugos, 41 Nebulas, 32 Locus, 10 World Fantasy and 18 Sturgeon Awards; that includes the Dutton series. Dozois expressed a particular interest in adventure SF and space opera, which he collectively referred to as "center-core SF". A Special Kind of Morning Chains of the Sea Machines of Loving Grace A Day in the Life First Edition 1978 Library of Congress number 78-160655 Nightmare Blue The Visible Man Strangers A Traveler in an Antique Land The Peacemaker Morning Child Slow Dancing Through Time Geodesic Dreams A Knight of Ghosts and Shadows Strange Days: Fabulous Journeys with Gardner Dozois The Hanging Curve Morning Child and Other Stories When the Great Days Came Shadow Twin Counterfactual Hunter's Run When the Great Days Come Neanderthals The Fiction of James Tiptree, Jr.
Writing Science Fiction & Fantasy Songs of the Dying Earth, a tribute anthology to Jack Vance's seminal Dying Earth series, published by Subterranean Press Warriors, a cross-genre anthology featuring stories about war and warriors.
Michael Swanwick is an American science fiction author who began publishing in the early 1980s. Swanwick's fiction writing began with short stories, starting in 1980 when he published "Ginungagap" in TriQuarterly and "The Feast of St. Janis" in New Dimensions 11. Both stories were nominees for the Nebula Award for Best Short Story in 1981, his published novels are In the Drift, a look at the results of a more catastrophic Three Mile Island incident, which expands on his earlier short story "Mummer's Kiss". This was followed in 1987 by Vacuum Flowers, an adventurous tour of an inhabited Solar System, where the people of Earth have been subsumed by a cybernetic mass-mind, his short fiction has been collected in Gravity's Angels, Moon Dogs, Tales of Old Earth, Cigar-Box Faust and Other Miniatures, The Dog Said Bow-Wow, The Best of Michael Swanwick. A novella, Griffin's Egg, was published in book form in 1991 and is collected in Moon Dogs, he has collaborated with other authors on several short works, including Gardner Dozois and William Gibson.
Stations of the Tide won the Nebula for best novel in 1991, several of his shorter works have won awards as well: the Theodore Sturgeon Memorial Award for "The Edge of the World" in 1989, the World Fantasy Award for "Radio Waves" in 1996, Hugos for "The Very Pulse of the Machine" in 1999, "Scherzo with Tyrannosaur" in 2000, "The Dog Said Bow-Wow" in 2002, "Slow Life" in 2003, "Legions in Time" in 2004. Swanwick has written about the field as well, he published two long essays on the state of the science fiction and fantasy, the former of, controversial for its categorization of new SF writers into "cyberpunk" and "literary humanist" camps. Both essays were collected together in The Postmodern Archipelago 1997. A book-length interview with Gardner Dozois, Being Gardner Dozois, was published in 2001, he is a prolific contributor to the New York Review of Science Fiction. Swanwick wrote a monograph on James Branch Cabell, "What Can Be Saved From the Wreckage?", published in 2007, a short literary biography of Hope Mirrlees, Hope-in-the-Mist, published in 2009.
In the Drift Vacuum Flowers Stations of the Tide, Nebula Award winner. James Branch Cabell in the 21st Century" "Hope-in-the-Mist: The Extraordinary Career & Mysterious Life of Hope Mirrlees" Swanwick's weblog Michael Swanwick at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Michael Swanwick's online fiction at Free Speculative Fiction Online "October Leaves", a photo-story at Flickr
Forrest J Ackerman
Forrest James Ackerman was an American magazine editor, science fiction writer and literary agent, a founder of science fiction fandom, a leading expert on science fiction and fantasy films, acknowledged as the world's most avid collector of genre books and movie memorabilia. He was based in California. During his career as a literary agent, Ackerman represented such science fiction authors as Ray Bradbury, Isaac Asimov, A. E. Van Vogt, Curt Siodmak, L. Ron Hubbard. For more than seven decades, he was promoters. Ackerman was the editor and principal writer of the American magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland, as well as an actor, from the 1950s into the 21st century, he appears in several documentaries related to this period in popular culture, like Famous Monster: Forrest J Ackerman, which premiered at the Egyptian Theatre in March 2009, during the Forrest J Ackerman tribute. Called "Forry", "Uncle Forry", "The Ackermonster", "Dr. Acula", "Forjak", "4e" and "4SJ", Ackerman was central to the formation and spread of science fiction fandom and a key figure in the wider cultural perception of science fiction as a literary and film genre.
Famous for his word play and neologisms, he coined the genre nickname "sci-fi". In 1953, he was voted "#1 Fan Personality" by the members of the World Science Fiction Society, a unique Hugo Award never granted to anyone else, he was among the first and most outspoken advocates of Esperanto in the science fiction community. Ackerman was born Forrest James Ackerman, on November 24, 1916, in Los Angeles, to Carroll Cridland and William Schilling Ackerman, his father, Chief Statistician for the Associated Oil Company, assistant to the Vice-President in charge of transportation, was from New York and his mother was from Ohio. Ackerman attended the University of California at Berkeley for a year worked as a movie projectionist and at odd jobs with fan friends prior to spending three years in the U. S. Army after enlisting on August 15, 1942, where he rose to the rank of staff sergeant, held the position of editor of his base's newspaper, passed his entire time in service at Fort MacArthur, California.
Ackerman saw his first "imagi-movie" in 1922, purchased his first science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in 1926, created the Boys' Scientifiction Club in 1930. He contributed to both of the first science fiction fanzines, The Time Traveller, the Science Fiction Magazine and edited by Shuster and Siegel of Superman fame, in 1932, by 1933 had 127 correspondents around the world, his name was used for the character of the reporter in the original Superman story "The Reign of the Superman" in issue 3 of Science Fiction magazine. He was one of the early members of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society and remained active in it for many decades, he attended the 1st World Science Fiction Convention in 1939, where he wore the first "futuristicostume", which sparked decades of fan costuming thereafter, the latest incarnation of, cosplay. He attended every Worldcon but two thereafter during his lifetime. Ackerman invited Ray Bradbury to attend the Los Angeles Chapter of the Science Fiction League meeting weekly at Clifton's Cafeteria in downtown Los Angeles.
The club changed its name to the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society during the period it was meeting at the restaurant. Among the writers frequenting the club were Robert A. Heinlein, Emil Petaja, Fredric Brown, Henry Kuttner, Leigh Brackett, Jack Williamson. Bradbury attended meetings with his friend Ray Harryhausen. With $90 from Ackerman and Morojo, Bradbury launched a fanzine, Futuria Fantasia, in 1939, which ran for four issues. Ackerman was an early member of the Los Angeles Chapter of the Science Fiction League and became so active in and important to the club that in essence he ran it, including the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society, a prominent regional fan organization, as well as the National Fantasy Fan Federation. Together with Morojo, he edited and produced Imagination! renamed Voice of the Imagi-Nation, nominally the club fanzine for the LASFS. In the decades that followed, Ackerman amassed an large and complete collection of science fiction and horror film memorabilia, until 2002, he maintained in an 18-room home and museum known as the "Son of Ackermansion".
This second house, in the Los Feliz district of Los Angeles, contained some 300,000 books and pieces of film and science-fiction memorabilia. From 1951 to 2002, Ackerman entertained some 50,000 fans at open houses - including, on one such evening, a group of 186 fans and pro