ICI Homes is a custom homebuilding company based in the United States, founded in 1979 as Intervest Construction, Inc. in Daytona Beach, Florida. Its headquarters are in Florida; the company has built over 10,000 homes since its founding. In 2014, ICI Homes was ranked the largest homebuilder and the 4th largest family-owned business in Volusia County. Intervest Construction Inc. was founded in Daytona Beach in 1979 by Mori Hosseini. Having only two employees, Mori built up the company while working towards an MBA at Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University. In 1984, the North Florida Division was established. By the end of the year, construction had started on 54 homes in the Jacksonville area. By the company's 10th anniversary in 1990, it had built more than 200 homes. Intervest Construction Inc. started operating under the ICI Homes moniker in 1998 and its corporate logo was launched, still in use today. In 2000, at the company's 20th anniversary, the company launched its Central Florida division focusing on the Orlando and Tampa areas.
The company built homes in communities in Georgia and Tennessee, but returned to Florida exclusivity after a couple years. At the end of the 2003 fiscal year, ICI Homes had marked a total of 10,000 closed homes; the subprime mortgage crisis that began in 2007 hit the new home construction industry hard. ICI Homes prevailed by expanding its efforts into other niches, such as timeshares and renovations; as the market stabilized and improved, the company refocused its efforts back to custom homebuilding. In 2014, the company added six new communities. In 2015, The Northeast Florida Builders Association named ICI Homes its 2014 Builder of the Year. All ICI Homes are rated against the company's own EQ FACTOR—a program which rates its homes in terms of quality and energy efficiency—and the national Home energy rating by the Residential Energy Services Network. ICI Homes launched its most energy efficient home, The Emerald, in February 2009 at Plantation Bay Golf & Country Club; the Northeast Florida Builders Council bestowed its Laurel Award for Best Interior Merchandising in a Detached Home priced at more than US$1 million.
The Emerald has been praised by environmentalists and planners for energy efficiency and environmental quality. It received more than 13,000 visits in a record for the company. ICI Homes
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television. The English- and French-language service units of the corporation are known as CBC and Radio-Canada and both short-form names are commonly used in the applicable language to refer to the corporation as a whole. Although some local stations in Canada predate CBC's founding, CBC is the oldest existing broadcasting network in Canada, first established in its present form on November 2, 1936. Radio services include CBC Radio One, CBC Music, Ici Radio-Canada Première, Ici Musique. Television operations include CBC Television, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, CBC News Network, Ici RDI, Ici Explora, Documentary Channel, Ici ARTV; the CBC operates services for the Canadian Arctic under the names CBC Radio-Canada Nord. The CBC operates digital services including CBC.ca/Ici. Radio-Canada.ca, CBC Radio 3, CBC Music/ICI.mu and Ici.
TOU. TV, owns 20.2% of satellite radio broadcaster Sirius XM Canada, which carries several CBC-produced audio channels. CBC/Radio-Canada offers programming in English and eight aboriginal languages on its domestic radio service, in five languages on its web-based international radio service, Radio Canada International. However, budget cuts in the early 2010s have contributed to the corporation reducing its service via the airwaves, discontinuing RCI's shortwave broadcasts as well as terrestrial television broadcasts in all communities served by network-owned rebroadcast transmitters, including communities not subject to Canada's over-the-air digital television transition. CBC's federal funding is supplemented by revenue from commercial advertising on its television broadcasts; the radio service employed commercials from its inception to 1974, but since its primary radio networks have been commercial-free. In 2013, CBC's secondary radio networks, CBC Music and Ici Musique, introduced limited advertising of up to four minutes an hour, but this was discontinued in 2016.
In 1929, the Aird Commission on public broadcasting recommended the creation of a national radio broadcast network. A major concern was the growing influence of American radio broadcasting as U. S.-based networks began to expand into Canada. Meanwhile, Canadian National Railways was making a radio network to keep its passengers entertained and give it an advantage over its rival, CP. This, the CNR Radio, is the forerunner of the CBC. Graham Spry and Alan Plaunt lobbied intensely for the project on behalf of the Canadian Radio League. In 1932 the government of R. B. Bennett established the CBC's predecessor, the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission; the CRBC took over a network of radio stations set up by a federal Crown corporation, the Canadian National Railway. The network was used to broadcast programming to riders aboard its passenger trains, with coverage in central and eastern Canada. On November 2, 1936, the CRBC was reorganized under its present name. While the CRBC was a state-owned company, the CBC was a Crown corporation on the model of the British Broadcasting Corporation, reformed from a private company into a statutory corporation in 1927.
Leonard Brockington was the CBC's first chairman. For the next few decades, the CBC was responsible for all broadcasting innovation in Canada; this was in part because, until 1958, it was not only a broadcaster, but the chief regulator of Canadian broadcasting. It used this dual role to snap up most of the clear-channel licences in Canada, it began a separate French-language radio network in 1937. It introduced FM radio to Canada in 1946, though a distinct FM service wasn't launched until 1960. Television broadcasts from the CBC began on September 6, 1952, with the opening of a station in Montreal, a station in Toronto, Ontario opening two days later; the CBC's first owned affiliate television station, CKSO in Sudbury, launched in October 1953. From 1944 to 1962, the CBC split its English-language radio network into two services known as the Trans-Canada Network and the Dominion Network; the latter, carrying lighter programs including American radio shows, was dissolved in 1962, while the former became known as CBC Radio.
On July 1, 1958, CBC's television signal was extended from coast to coast. The first Canadian television show shot in colour was the CBC's own The Forest Rangers in 1963. Colour television broadcasts began on July 1, 1966, full-colour service began in 1974. In 1978, CBC became the first broadcaster in the world to use an orbiting satellite for television service, linking Canada "from east to west to north". Starting in 1967 and continuing until the mid-1970s, the CBC provided limited television service to remote and northern communities. Transmitters were built in a few locations and carried a four-hour selection of black-and-white videotaped programs each day; the tapes were flown into communities to be shown transported to other communities by the "bicycle" method used in television syndication. Transportation delays ranged from one week for larger centres to a month for small communities; the first FCP station was started in Yellowknife in May 1967, the second in Whitehorse in No
Imperial Chemical Industries
Imperial Chemical Industries was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain. It was formed by the merger of leading British chemical companies in 1926, its headquarters were at Millbank in London, it was a constituent of the FT 30 and the FTSE 100 indices. ICI made paints and speciality products, including food ingredients, speciality polymers, electronic materials and flavourings. In 2008, it was acquired by AkzoNobel, which sold parts of ICI to Henkel, integrated ICI's remaining operations within its existing organisation; the company was founded in December 1926 from the merger of four companies: Brunner Mond, Nobel Explosives, the United Alkali Company, British Dyestuffs Corporation. It established its head office at Millbank in London in 1928. Competing with DuPont and IG Farben, the new company produced chemicals, fertilisers, dyestuffs, non-ferrous metals, paints. In its first year turnover was £27 million. In the 1920s and 30s, the company played a key role in the development of new chemical products, including the dyestuff phthalocyanine, the acrylic plastic Perspex, Dulux paints and polyethylene terephthalate fibre known as Terylene.
In 1940, ICI started British Nylon Spinners as a joint venture with Courtaulds. ICI owned the Sunbeam motorcycle business, which had come with Nobel Industries, continued to build motorcycles until 1937. During the Second World War, ICI was involved with the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons programme codenamed Tube Alloys. In the 1940s and 50s, the company established its pharmaceutical business and developed a number of key products, including Paludrine, Inderal, PEEK. ICI formed ICI Pharmaceuticals in 1957. ICI developed a fabric in the 1950s known as Crimplene, a thick polyester yarn used to make a fabric of the same name; the resulting cloth is heavy and wrinkle-resistant, retains its shape well. The California-based fashion designer Edith Flagg was the first to import this fabric from Britain to the USA. During the first two years, ICI gave Flagg a large advertising budget to popularise the fabric across America. In 1960, Paul Chambers became the first chairman appointed from outside the company.
Chambers employed the consultancy firm McKinsey to help with reorganising the company. His eight-year tenure saw export sales double, but his reputation was damaged by a failed takeover bid for Courtaulds in 1961–62. In 1962, ICI developed the controversial herbicide, paraquat. ICI was confronted with the nationalisation of its operations in Burma on 1 August 1962 as a consequence of the military coup. In 1964, ICI acquired British Nylon Spinners, the company it had jointly set up in 1940 with Courtaulds. ICI surrendered its 37.5 per cent holding in Courtaulds and paid Courtaulds £2 million a year for five years, "to take account of the future development expenditure of Courtaulds in the nylon field." In return, Courtaulds transferred to ICI their 50 per cent holding in BNS. BNS was absorbed into ICI Fibres; the acquisition included BNS production plants in Pontypool and Doncaster, together with research and development in Pontypool. Early pesticide development included Gramoxone, the insecticides pirimiphos-methyl in 1967 and pirimicarb in 1970, brodifacoum was developed in 1974.
Peter Allen was appointed chairman between 1968 and 1971. He presided over the purchase of Viyella. Profits shrank under his tenure. Jack Callard was appointed chairman from 1971 to 1975, he doubled company profits between 1972 and 1974, made ICI Britain's largest exporter. In 1971, the company acquired Atlas Chemical Industries Inc. a major American competitor. In 1977, Imperial Metal Industries was divested as an independent quoted company. From 1982 to 1987, the company was led by the charismatic John Harvey-Jones. Under his leadership, the company acquired the Beatrice Chemical Division in 1985 and Glidden Coatings & Resins, a leading paints business, in 1986. In 1991, ICI sold the agricultural and merchandising operations of BritAg and Scottish Agricultural Industries to Norsk Hydro, fought off a hostile takeover bid from Hanson, who had acquired 2.8 percent of the company. It divested its soda ash products arm to Brunner Mond, ending an association with the trade that had existed since the company's inception, one, inherited from the original Brunner, Mond & Co. Ltd.
In 1992, the company sold its nylon business to DuPont. In 1993, the company de-merged its pharmaceutical bio-science businesses: pharmaceuticals, specialities and biological products were all transferred into a new and independent company called Zeneca. Zeneca subsequently merged with Astra AB to form AstraZeneca. Charles Miller Smith was appointed CEO in 1994, one of the few times that someone from outside ICI had been appointed to lead the company, Smith having been a director at Unilever. Shortly afterwards, the company acquired a number of former Unilever businesses in an attempt to move away from its historical reliance on commodity chemicals. In 1995, ICI acquired the American paint company Grow Group. In 1997, ICI acquired National Starch & Chemical, Quest International and Crosfield, the speciality chemicals businesses of Unilever for $8 billion; this step was part of a strategy to move away
International Compact with Iraq
The International Compact with Iraq is a joint initiative of the Government of Iraq and the United Nations launched in 2007 for a new partnership between Iraq and the international community. The Compact, jointly chaired by the Government of the Republic of Iraq and the United Nations, with the support of the World Bank, established a vision that, "five years from now, Iraq shall be a united and democratic country, at peace with its neighbours and itself, well on its way to sustainable economic self-sufficiency and prosperity and well integrated in its region and the world." Guided by the Millennium Development Goals, the Government planned to work to meet basic needs, protect the rights of all citizens and ensure the optimal use of the country's resources for the common good and "bring together the international community and multilateral organizations to help Iraq achieve its national vision." The Compact intended to establish benchmarks and mutual commitments for Iraq and the international community regarding normalizing the security environment, reconciling the political environment, revitalizing the economic environment.
The Compact was announced July 27, 2006, was formally introduced at the United Nations on March 16, 2007, was launched May 3, 2007. The first annual review conference for the Compact was held in Stockholm on May 29, 2008. In August, 2008, a cooperation agreement between the United Nations and Iraq’s Government was reached defining a strategy to support Iraq’s reconstruction and humanitarian needs for the period 2008-2010 Reconstruction of Iraq Website of the International Compact with Iraq Text of the Compact in English Text of the Compact in Arabic ICI Website of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq