Indian Ocean Commission
The Indian Ocean Commission is an intergovernmental organization, created in 1982 at Port Louis and institutionalized in 1984 by the Victoria Agreement in Seychelles. The COI is composed of five African Indian Ocean nations: Comoros, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles. Notwithstanding their different characteristics, the five islands share geographic proximity and demographic relationships, natural resources and common development issues. COI's principal mission is to strengthen the ties of friendship between the countries and to be a platform of solidarity for the entire population of the African Indian Ocean region. COI’s mission includes development, through projects related to sustainability for the region, aimed at protecting the region, improving the living conditions of the populations and preserving the various natural resources that the countries depend on. Being an organisation regrouping only island states, the COI has championed the cause of small island states in regional and international fora.
The COI works on four pillars which have been adopted in 2005 by the Summit of Heads of States: Political and diplomatic cooperation and commercial cooperation Sustainable development in a globalisation context, cooperation in the field of agriculture, maritime fishing, the conservation of resources and ecosystems Strengthening of the regional cultural identity, cooperation in cultural, technical and judicial fields. The original ideas were to encourage tourism. Cooperation has focused on marine conservation and fisheries management; the COI has funded a number of regional and national conservation and alternative livelihoods projects through ReCoMAP, Regional Programme for the Sustainable Management of the Coastal Zones of the Countries of the Indian Ocean. This project ended in 2011. An example of these projects is project to catalyze the development of sea cucumber and seaweed aquaculture in South West Madagascar with the NGOs, Blue Ventures, Madagascar Holothuria; the Commission has a Secretariat, located in Mauritius and headed by a Secretary General.
The current Secretary General, Hamada Madi, is a former President of Comoros, appointed January 2016. Political and strategic orientations of the organisation are under the responsibility of the Council of Ministers which meets annually; the latest Council of Ministers in January 2013. The organisation has a system of rotating presidency of each Member State; the Presidency is ensured by Comoros. The highest level of the organisation's structure is the Summit of Heads of States whose last meeting was held in Madagascar in 2005. EU partnership with the COI has been effective for as long as 25 years; the successive EDFs have financed programmes implemented by the COI to the tune of EUR 100 million in the area of environment and natural resources. The EU, the main development partner of the COI, accounting for app. 70% of total financial support to COI, has scaled up its assistance to COI during the last few years. The EU has three main on-going programmes with the COI for a total amount of EUR 48 million*: The Smartfish programme for the Implementation of a Regional Fisheries Strategy in the Eastern and Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region.
Its overall objective is to contribute to an increased level of social and environmental development and deeper regional integration in the ESA-IO through the sustainable exploitation of marine and lake fisheries resources. This programme will assist beneficiary countries towards this year's United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. A grant agreement of EUR 470 000 was signed between the EU and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs for the design and implementation of a Monitoring and Evaluation System to track countries progress in implementing the Mauritius Strategy. A programme to support the IMF Regional Technical Assistance Centres of the ESA-IO, namely AFRITAC East, based in Tanzania, AFRITAC South, based in Mauritius; the programme's objective is to contribute to the regional economic integration process, higher growth and poverty reduction in the ESA-IO region. More the programme aims at improving the design and monitoring of sound macroeconomic policies, enhanced regional harmonisation and integration, in ESA-IO Member States and Regional Organisations.
Two grant agreements amounting to EUR 14 675 000 were signed between the EU and the IMF on 17 October 2011 on the occasion of the inauguration of AFRITAC South in Mauritius. A Start up Project to promote regional maritime security: the Financing Agreement, which amounts to EUR 2 million, was signed on 13 December 2011 by the Secretary General of the Indian Ocean Commission, Callixte d'Offay and Alessandro Mariani, Head of Delegation to Mauritius, for the Seychelles and the Union of Comoros; the objective of the Start up MASE Project is to support the implementation of short term actions of the Regional Strategy and Action Plan against Piracy and for Maritime Security as adopted during the 2nd High Level Regional Minister
Initiatives of Change
Initiatives of Change is a global organisation dedicated to "building trust across the world's divides" of culture, nationality and background. Initiatives of Change was known as Moral Re-Armament from 1938 to 2001, the Oxford Group starting in 1929, after being called A First Century Christian Fellowship since 1921; these principles are taken from those of the organization's predecessor, Moral Re-Armament, founded in 1938 by Frank Buchman. Initiatives of Change has spiritual roots but no religious affiliation, invites "those with a faith...both to explore the roots of their own tradition, to discover and respect the beliefs of others." The name "Initiatives of Change" was adopted in 2001, expressing the emphasis of the organization in effecting social change beginning with personal change. Initiatives of Change has programs in over 60 countries. In the United States, Hope in the Cities promotes "honest conversations" on race and responsibility, their approach was integrated in the One America Dialogue Guide published by the White House at the initiative of U.
S. President Bill Clinton in 1998; the programme Trust and Integrity in the Global Economy hold events in a number of Western countries, focusing on overcoming corruption and building cooperation. In Switzerland, the Caux Forum for Human Security, brings together people working for peace and human security. In India, the IC Centre for Governance works with development experts, policy makers, social activists and others to strengthen the role of citizens in governance. Foundations for Freedom aims to support the development of democratic societies in Central and Eastern Europe. In Sierra Leone, Hope Sierra Leone is active in reconciling and rebuilding the country ravaged by civil war. In France Education à la paix is teaching students about civic responsibility, including the skills of conflict resolution. Since 1991, when it was launched at the Initiatives of Change conference centre in Caux, the Creators of Peace global peacemakers network has been active in many countries in Africa. Initiatives of Change International, a non-governmental organization based in Caux, Switzerland, is the legal and administrative entity that coordinates the national bodies of Initiatives of Change.
Its first president was Cornelio Sommaruga President of the International Committee of the Red Cross. He was succeeded by Mohamed Sahnoun Senior Advisor to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. In 2009 Prof. Rajmohan Gandhi and biographer of his grandfather Mahatma Gandhi, was elected President. In 2012 Dr Omnia Marzouk, a paediatrician from Egypt and now based in UK, was elected President. In 2014 Initiatives of Change was awarded the Ousseimi Prize for Tolerance. Initiatives of Change has centres in numerous countries; the largest conference centres are Mountain House the Caux Palace Hotel in Caux, near Montreux, Asia Plateau, south of Mumbai in India. Mountain House was a derelict hotel in 1946, when it was bought by 100 Swiss families, restored as a place where the warring nations of Europe could meet. In the following years thousands came there, including German Chancellor Adenauer and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. At Caux many found reconciliation with former enemies, notably the French socialist leader Irène Laure, active in the French Resistance and who, devoted herself to building Franco-German understanding.
Edward Luttwak described the work of Caux as an "important contribution to one of the greatest achievements in the entire record of modern statecraft: the astonishingly rapid Franco-German reconciliation after 1945."In the following decades Caux welcomed people from African and Asian countries moving towards independence from colonial rule. In 1956, soon after Morocco became independent, King Mohammed V of Morocco sent a message to Frank Buchman: "I thank you for all you have done for Morocco in the course of these last testing years." In 1960 Archbishop Makarios and Dr Kucuk and Vice-President of Cyprus, jointly sent the first flag of independent Cyprus to Caux in recognition of the center's help. More groups of opposing factions in the Great Lakes area of Africa, Sierra Leone and other areas of conflict, have met there. Prominent in the center's programs have been meetings between management and unions; the Caux Round Table was launched there in 1986, continues to meet there. It developed a program of Principles for Business which are now used in business and industry.
Each summer the centre holds a series of conferences dealing with specific subjects, attended by both teenagers and adults. In 2008 the first Caux Forum for Human Security, initiated by Mohamed Sahnoun, brought together 300 people working for peace and human security, and this has developed into an annual conference on'Just Governance for Human Security'.'Land, Peace' brings together people from many countries working to restore degraded land to productive use.'Children as Actors for Transforming Society' deals with children's rights and children's participation in partnership with a coalition of civil society organisation such as the Child-to-Child Trust and Learning for Well-being or the International Janusz Korczak Association. Asia Plateau in India holds conferences throughout most of the year, dealing with ethical governance, cooperation for development and conflict resolution; these bring together workers and managers from many industries, NGO leaders, public servants, others. It holds international conferences such as'Making democracy real' and'Dialogue on Just Governance'
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church known as the Indian Orthodox Church, is an autocephalous church centered in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the churches of India's Saint Thomas Christian community, which has its origin in the evangelical activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century; the church is headed by the autocephalous Catholicos of the East and the Malankara Metropolitan, presently Baselios Mar Thoma Paulose II. It is believed that Saint Thomas Christians of Malabar were in communion with the Church of the East from 496 to 1599, they received episcopal support from Persian bishops, who traveled to Kerala in merchant ships through the spice route, while the local leader of the Saint Thomas Christians held the rank of Archdeacon and was a hereditary office held by the Pakalomattam family. In the 16th century, the overtures of the Portuguese padroado to bring the Saint Thomas Christians into Latin Rite Catholicism led to the first of several rifts in the community by Portuguese colonialists and the establishment of the Catholic and the Malankara Church factions.
Since further splits have occurred, the Saint Thomas Christians are now divided into several fragments, due to western interferences. Saint Thomas Christians were administratively under the single native dynastic leadership of an Archdeacon and were in communion with the Church of the East, centered in Persia, from at least 496; the indigenous Church of Malabar/Malankara followed the faith and traditions handed over by the Apostle St. Thomas. During the 16th century, the Portuguese Jesuits began deliberate attempts to annex the native Christians to the Catholic Church, in 1599 they succeeded through the Synod of Diamper. Resentment against these forceful measures led the majority of the community under the Archdeacon Thomas to swear an oath never to submit to the Portuguese, known as the Coonan Cross Oath, in 1653; the Malankara Church consolidated under Mar Thoma I welcomed Gregorios Abdal Jaleel, who regularized the canonical ordination of Mar Thoma as a bishop. Meanwhile, the Dutch East India Company defeated the Portuguese in supremacy of the spice trade in Malabar in 1663.
The Malankara church used this opportunity to escape from Catholic persecution with the Dutch East India Company's help. At the request of the Malankara Church, the Dutch brought Gregorios Abdal Jaleel of Jerusalem, a bishop of the Syriac Orthodox Church, in their trading vessel in 1665. Mar Thoma I forged a relationship with the Syriac Orthodox Church which laid the foundation for adopting West Syrian liturgy and practices over the next two centuries; the East Syriac Prelate, Mar Yuhanon signed on behalf of the Churches of Persia and India at the first organized gathering of Christianity, the Synod of Nicea held in 325 AD. The East Syriac Canonist Ibn Tayyib says ‘In the time of Catholicose Mar Ishaq the Metropolitanates of Fars and Meru and in the time of Mar Ishu Yab-I/ II/ III Halwan, Samarkhand and China were created’. Mar Ishu Yab warned in his two letters to Mar Shimyun, Metropolitan of Fars located in southern Persia that his independent stand will not hamper the ecclesiastical needs of the people of India.
Ancient East Syriac crosses found out in many places with writings in Pahlavi language engraved on it, as seen at Kadamattom Orthodox church, Kottayam Canaanite church, Mylapore church are pronounce our close relationship with Eastern Church. Malankara Nazranies had evolved a script to write Malayalam after making certain changes in East Syriac script though ‘Vattezhuthe’ an early form of Malayalam was in vogue; the present-day Malayalam script was formulated and used by Indo-Aryan settlers on the lines of Devnagari for the translation of their Epics to Malayalam after 12th century. Aarthat Padiyola in copper plate, declaring the sovereignty of Malankara Church in 1806 was written in old Malayalam script. An early script, ‘Kharoshti’ prevailed in northwestern India was developed from eastern Syriac, which helped to decipher identical edicts written in India's original but defunct Prakrit languages. Many documents related to 17th and 18th century reveals the attachment of Nazranis to Eastern Syria.
A memorandum by Malankara Nazranis to Roman Pope against compulsive westernization during the 17th century states that, "All our prayers are written in the Chaldean Syriac of our Apostle father St. Thomas". A Jesuit priest Nunes Barutha of that period states that: "Marthoma Christians are not believe in any other teaching other than written in Eastern Syriac". In 1682, Bartholomew, a West Syrian Malpan from Aleppo was appointed in Verapoly seminary by Carmelites, but Malankara Nazranis opposed the appointment to teach their students by a West Syrian teacher. Canon of Udayamperoor synod asked to discontinue the use of Eastern Syriac in liturgy and prayers for native Malayalam. Eastern Aramaic was used in Malankara up to the 17th century, all borrowed words and names from Syriac to Malayalam are phonetically in Eastern Syriac. Malankara Nazranis were adapted to Western Syriac and liturgy due to ecclesiastical support and long stay of many Antiochean prelates in the second half of 17th and 18th centuries.
At the outset of Latinisation, Nazranis were reluctant to accept Latin bishops. When Vasco-da-Gama arrived in Cochin in 1502, Metropolitan Mar Yahb Alla assisted by Mar Denha, Mar Yacob and Mar Yuhanon sent by Babylonian Patriarch ministered from Ankamaly a
Icon of Coil
Icon of Coil is a Norwegian electronic music band. The band was established as a solo project in 1997 by Andy LaPlegua, joined by former Sector 9 bandmate Sebastian Komor to perform live. With the release of Shallow Nation, the band's first single, Komor joined full-time. In 2000, Christian Lund joined the live lineup; that year the band's first full-length album, Serenity is the Devil, was released, which climbed to number one on the Deutsche Alternative Charts. Shortly thereafter, Lund became a full-time band member. In 1997 Andy LaPlegua established the project, Icon of Coil, a concept built around a logo, graphic design and music. Soon after the inception, the music soon turned out to be the most important part of the concept and LaPlegua invited Sebastian Komor, who he had worked with before on the project Sector 9, in 1996, to work with him on the project as a live member. After just a couple of gigs and the release of IOC’s first single, "Shallow Nation", Seb became a full-time member. Shallow Nation, released early in 2000, sold out the first thousand copies after only two weeks in the stores, which resulted in a deal with the Norwegian record label Tatra Records.
Around that same time Tatra Records released the compilation Sex, Goth & Electronics, to which IOC contributed an exclusive version of their song "Repeat It". Before they started working on their second release IOC did programming for the Apoptygma Berzerk track "Starsign". Soon afterwards, they traveled to Germany, with live member Jon Holm, to support Apoptygma on their Welcome to Earth tour 2000 at their gigs in Frankfurt and Leipzig before going back to Norway to play together at Rockefeller in Oslo. One Nation Under Beat debuted in the top 20 on the DAC-chart for eight weeks and peaked at number three. In late spring of 2000 at a gig in Uddevalla, Christian Lund joined the band as a live-member and went on stage with Andy and Seb for the first time. Along with being the vocalist for his En Route project, Christian had a background from a melodious EBM Fredrikstad-band called Elected By Fear where he played together with Fredrik Hansen from Echo Image and Marius Johnsen from Centravibe.
After the release of IOC's first full-length Serenity is the Devil in November 2000, which reached number three on the DAC-chart, the band went to Germany together with Beborn Beton. With nine gigs, positive feedback from the audience and good reviews on the debut album, IOC gained a following in the synth/industrial scene. Shortly afterward, the album crossed the Atlantic and was released in North America by Metropolis Records. On March 29, 2001, the band itself boarded a plane to Chicago; the song Situations Like These from the forthcoming Seren EP was played live for the first time to an American audience. The summer started with a successful show in Germany, at Wave-Gotik-Treffen; the following festivals included CSD, Zillo Festival, Xtreaktor Festival, Eurorock and ended at M'era Luna. Situations Like These became a big club hit and the band was ready for a second tour of North America with VNV Nation; the leg began in Chicago on the 16th of November. Icon of Coil, VNV Nation and the rest of the crew continued up to Canada, down the east coast to Florida, through Texas to the West coast and Hollywood, where they did their 15th show.
The four-week tour ended in Edmonton, Canada. During their tours, the band found the time to write material for their second album, The Soul is in the Software, released in April 2002 and stayed at number one on the DAC for several weeks. IOC performed at two more festivals: The Dark Jubilee Festival in London, as the Sunday headliner for Synthpop Goes the World in Toronto, Canada. In 2004, their third album, Machines Are Us, was released. Icon of Coil released their remix album Uploaded And Remixed at the tail end of 2004, which featured new mixes of songs from their first two records and two exclusive tracks. Icon of Coil have been reuniting sporadically for live performances, they announced at their recent Sydney show. On August 6, 2012, Icon of Coil released a new song, PerfectSex as a pay-what-you-want download on Bandcamp. A new studio album was in production. Most in November 2015 IOC performed on the main stage at the Orus Fest in Mexico City. In December 2018, Icon of Coil performed dates across Germany Shallow Nation One Nation Under Beat Serenity Is the Devil Seren EP Access and Amplify The Soul Is in the Software Android Machines Are Us Machines Are Us Limited edition Uploaded and Remixed Uploaded and Remixed / Shelter Ep Limited edition I-II-III Combichrist Panzer AG Zombie Girl Icon of Coil discography at MusicBrainz Icon Of Coil Gallery Page Label
International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games; the IOC is the governing body of the National Olympic Committees, which are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic Movement. As of 2016, there are 206 NOCs recognised by the IOC; the current president of the IOC is Thomas Bach of Germany, who succeeded Jacques Rogge of Belgium in September 2013. The IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president; as of January 2019, its membership consists of 96 active members, 45 honorary members, an honorary president and two honour members. The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic movement; the IOC organises the modern Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games, held in summer and winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.
The first Summer YOG were in Singapore in 2010 and the first Winter YOG in Innsbruck were in 2012. Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events from one another, improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives a proportionally greater income in Olympic years. In 2009, the UN General Assembly granted the IOC Permanent Observer status; the decision enables the IOC to be directly involved in the UN Agenda and to attend UN General Assembly meetings where it can take the floor. In 1993, the General Assembly approved a Resolution to further solidify IOC–UN cooperation by reviving the Olympic Truce. During each proclamation at the Olympics, announcers speak in different languages: French is always spoken first, followed by an English translation, the dominant language of the host nation; the IOC received approval in November 2015 to construct a new headquarters in Lausanne.
The cost of the project was estimated to stand at $156m. The IOC announced on 11 February 2019 that "Olympic House" would be inaugurated on 23 June 2019 to coincide with its 125th anniversary; the Olympic Museum remains in Lausanne. The stated mission of the IOC is to promote the Olympics throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement: To encourage and support the organisation and coordination of sport and sports competitions, it is the IOC's supreme organ and its decisions are final. Extraordinary Sessions may be convened by the President or upon the written request of at least one third of the members. Among others, the powers of the Session are: To amend the Olympic Charter. To elect the members of the IOC, the Honorary President and the honorary members. To elect the President, the Vice-Presidents and all other members of the IOC Executive Board. To elect the host city of the Olympic Games. In addition to the Olympic medals for competitors, the IOC awards a number of other honours; the IOC President's Trophy is the highest sports award given to athletes who have excelled in their sport and had an extraordinary career and created a lasting impact on their sport The Pierre de Coubertin medal is awarded to athletes who demonstrate a special spirit of sportsmanship in Olympic events The Olympic Cup is awarded to institutions or associations with a record of merit and integrity in developing the Olympic Movement The Olympic Order is awarded to individuals for distinguished contributions to the Olympic Movement, superseded the Olympic Certificate The Olympic Laurel is awarded to individuals for promoting education, culture and peace through sport The Olympic town status has been given to some towns which have been important for the Olympic movement For most of its existence, the IOC was controlled by members who were selected by other members.
Countries that had hosted. When named, they did not become the representatives of their respective countries to the IOC, but rather the opposite, IOC members in their respective countries. "Granted the honour of becoming a member of the International Olympic Committee and declaring myself aware of my responsibilities in such a capacity, I undertake to serve the Olympic Movement to the best of my ability. The membership of IOC members ceases in the following circumstances: Resignation: any IOC member may cease their membership at any tim
International Olive Council
The International Olive Council is an intergovernmental organisation of states that produce olives or products derived from olives, such as olive oil. Established in 1959 under the 1955 International Agreement on Olive Oil, the IOC seeks to promote the international trade in olive products, part of which it does by establishing and ensuring adherence to grading standards for those products; the organisation’s members account for more than 98% of global olive production. The IOC's headquarters are in Spain; the IOOC had its genesis in the International Agreement on Olive Oil, concluded in Geneva on 17 October 1955. After this treaty was amended and the amended version came into force, the IOOC was established under this treaty in 1959, with headquarters in Madrid; this first agreement remained in force until 1963. The organisation was governed by the following agreements during the time spans indicated: A new Agreement was negotiated and concluded In October 2015 and will be open for signature throughout 2016.
In 2006, the International Olive Oil Council changed its name to the International Olive Council in recognition of the fact that the Council is involved in the field of table olives. 2016 Decision No Dec-18/S. Ex. 27-V/2016 Revising the Trade Standard applying To Olive Oils and Olive Pomace Oils The IOC has 17 state members plus the European Union. These states account for over 98 per cent of the world's olive production; the following states of the IOC are below: Because the IOC is an international, intergovernmental organisation, membership is only open to the Governments of States or to international organisations with responsibilities in the negotiation and application of international agreements commodity agreements. If a country is interested in joining, its government submits an application to the Council of Members through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs or another ministry, or through its embassy in Spain; the Council of Members examines the application and determines the conditions of accession of the applicant country.
This includes fixing the number of participation shares in the IOC budget and setting a time limit for the country to file its instrument of accession with the depository of the Agreement. As soon as the applicant deposits its instrument it becomes a Member. Private companies or individuals cannot join the IOC. Three categories of observer are allowed to attend all or part of IOC sessions, provided they have the prior consent of the Council of Members. International organisations and institutions; this includes the United Nations and its organs, in particular the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Development Programme, the World Health Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, the Joint FAO/WHO Programme of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organisation and other specialised UN agencies. Intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations that could provide funding for IOC activities.
The government of any member or observer State of the United Nations or of one of the organisations mentioned in the first bullet that envisages joining the Agreement. The IOC has been headquartered in Madrid since it was founded in 1959; the rights and privileges of the IOC headquarters and representatives are stipulated in a Headquarters Agreement signed with the Kingdom of Spain, the host country of the Organisation. The IOC has two working languages; the IOC is funded through compulsory contributions paid by its Member States. Contributions are calculated each year according to the number of participation shares awarded to each Member in the IOC budget; the structure of the IOC is quite simple. It revolves around the key figures of the Council of Members and its committees, the IOC chair and the Executive Secretariat; the Council of Members is the principal decision-making body of the IOC. It is made up of one delegate per Member, assisted by alternates and advisers, it meets at least once a year to review IOC work and to approve the action programme and budget for the next year.
The Council of Members takes decisions by consensus. If consensus is not reached, decision making is done by a qualified majority; the committees discuss and lay the groundwork for proposals and three-year action plans which are submitted to the Council of Members. The IOC has five committees: Economic Committee: This committee discusses and approves the statistics compiled by the Executive Secretariat on production, imports and stocks of olive oils and table olives, it keeps track of market developments and national policymaking in the olive sector and makes proposals to achieve balanced supply and demand. Technical Committee: The brief of this committee is to review and discuss the programmes and activities proposed by the Executive Secretariat in the areas of olive oil chemistry and standardisation and development, technology transfer and customised technical assistance for the member countries. Promotion Committee: Ongoing and future promotional activities and campaigns to promote olive oil and table olive consumption are examined by this committee, which marks out the direction of IOC promotional polic
IBM Open Class
IBM Open Class is an IBM C++ product developed by Kevin Leong and known under several names in the C++ industry, including ICL, UICL, OCL. IOC was an extensive set of C++ classes used to build CLI and GUI applications which could be cross-compiled to OS/2, Microsoft Windows, AIX. IOC formed the basis for IBM's VisualAge for C++ graphical application builder; the non-GUI portions of IOC were available for z/OS and OS/400. The IOC was included as part of IBM's C++ compiler environment. Applications developed with IOC could be distributed with a royalty-free runtime, or could be statically linked against the IOC libraries. Only available for OS/2, the IOC was made available for Windows, AIX, z/OS, OS/400. Support for the OS/2 and Windows VisualAge for C++ compiler—as well as the accompanying IOC—was withdrawn by IBM on April 27, 2001. IOC was removed from z/OS 1.9, introduced in 2007. C/Set++ v2.01 for OS/2 VisualAge C++ for OS/2, version 3.0 VisualAge for C++ for Windows, version 3.5 C and C++ Compilers for OS/2, AIX, for Windows NT, version 3.6 C and C++ Compilers for OS/2 and Windows, version 3.65 VisualAge C++ Professional for OS/2 and Windows NT, version 4.0 The most recognized example of a simple application that uses the IOC is hello world: #include <iframe.hpp> Other examples of used IOC classes and methods include: #include <istring.hpp> #include <icmdhdr.hpp> ^ IBM's Withdrawal Announcement #901-013 news://ibm.software.vacpp.openclass ISBN 0-442-01795-2 ISBN 0-471-16482-8