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IRIX

IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics to run on the company's proprietary MIPS workstations and servers. It is a variety of UNIX System V with BSD extensions. In IRIX, SGI originated the XFS file system and the universally adopted industry-standard OpenGL graphics system; the last major version of IRIX is IRIX 6.5, released in May 1998. New minor versions of IRIX 6.5 were released every quarter until 2005. Through version 6.5.22, there are two branches of each release: a maintenance release that includes only fixes to the original IRIX 6.5 code, a feature release that includes improvements and enhancements. An overlay upgrade from 6.5.x to the 6.5.22 maintenance release was available as a free download, whereas versions 6.5.23 and higher required an active Silicon Graphics support contract. SGI first used the IRIX name from the 1988 release 3.0 of the operating system for the SGI IRIS 4D series of workstations and servers. Previous releases are identified only by the release number prefixed by "4D1-", e.g. "4D1-2.2".

The 4D1- prefix continued to be used in official documentation to prefix IRIX release numbers. IRIX 3.x is based on UNIX System V Release 3 with 4.3BSD enhancements, incorporates the 4Sight windowing system, based on NeWS and IRIS GL. SGI's own Extent File System replaces the System V filesystem. IRIX 4.0, released in 1991, replaces 4Sight with the X Window System, the 4Dwm window manager providing a similar look and feel to 4Sight. IRIX 5.0, released in 1993, incorporates certain features of UNIX System V Release 4, including ELF executables. IRIX 5.3 introduced the XFS journaling file system. In 1994, IRIX 6.0 added support for the 64-bit MIPS R8000 processor, but is otherwise similar to IRIX 5.2. 6.x releases support other members of the MIPS processor family in 64-bit mode. IRIX 6.3 was released for the SGI O2 workstation only. IRIX 6.4 improved multiprocessor scalability for the Octane, Origin 2000, Onyx2 systems. The Origin 2000 and Onyx2 IRIX 6.4 was marketed as "Cellular IRIX", although it only incorporates some features from the original Cellular IRIX distributed operating system project.

IRIX development stabilized with IRIX 6.5, released in 1998. The last version of IRIX is 6.5.30, released in August 2006. A 2001 Computerworld review found IRIX in a "critical" state. SGI had been moving its efforts to Linux and the Windows-based SGI Visual Workstation but MIPS and IRIX customers convinced SGI to continue to support its platform through 2006. On 6 September 2001, an SGI press release announced the end of the IRIX product lines. Production ended on 29 December 2006, with final deliveries in March 2007, except by special arrangement. Support for these products ended in December 2013 and they will receive no further updates. Much of IRIX's core technology has been open sourced and ported by SGI to Linux, including XFS; as of 2016, due to the bankruptcy of Silicon Graphics in 2009 and its subsequent purchase by Rackable Systems, purchased by HP Enterprise in 2016, all SGI-badged hardware produced after 2007 is incapable of running IRIX, being based on either IA-64 or x86-64 architecture and designed to run Red Hat Enterprise Linux or SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

HPE has not stated any public plans for IRIX source code release. IRIX 6.5 is compliant with UNIX System V Release 4, UNIX 95, POSIX. In the early 1990s, IRIX was a leader in Symmetric Multi-Processing, scalable from 1 to more than 1024 processors with a single system image. IRIX has strong support for real-time disk and graphics I/O. IRIX was used for the 1990s and 2000s, in the computer animation and scientific visualization industries due to its large application base and high performance, it still is relevant in a few legacy applications. IRIX is one of the first Unix versions to feature a graphical user interface for the main desktop environment. IRIX Interactive Desktop uses the 4Dwm X window manager with a custom look designed using the Motif widget toolkit. IRIX is the originator of the industry standard OpenGL for graphics chips and Image processing libraries. IRIX uses the MIPSPro Compiler for both back end; the compiler known in earlier versions as IDO was released in many versions, many of which are coupled to the OS version.

The last version was 7.4.4m, designed for 6.5.19 or later. The compiler is designed to support parallel POSIX programming in C/C++, Fortran 77/90, Ada; the Workshop GUI IDE is used for development. Other tools include Speedshop for performance tuning, Performance Co-Pilot. IRIX has attracted a small but dedicated fanbase of Silicon Graphics hardware who are attracted to various aspects of the operating system and corresponding hardware; this includes the operating system itself its 3D graphics software such as Alias Maya/PowerAnimator and SoftImage, the HPC elements of the hardware. This hobbyist community is notable for preserving various beta versions of Acclaim Entertainment games from a lot discovered in 2017 including Turok and NBA Jam. IRIX software Silicon Graphics Image format about.iris SGI O2 SGI Indy Cray Technical Publications Mirror Silicon Bunny - IRIX software and information Irix Network - IRIX software, information and archive IRIX Admin: Backup and Accounting Document Number: 007-2862-004 February 1999 Silicon Graphics User Group

Mr. Wonderful (film)

Mr. Wonderful is a 1993 romantic comedy film directed by Academy Award-winning director Anthony Minghella; the film stars Matt Dillon, Annabella Sciorra, Mary-Louise Parker, William Hurt and Vincent D'Onofrio. Gus DeMarco, an electrician, wants to purchase a bowling alley with his friends; the problem is that he still pays alimony to Leonora. Gus realizes that if Leonora remarries, he can stop paying alimony, attempts to match Leonora with various men. James Gandolfini has a small part as one of Lenora's would-be suitors. In the course of his match-making, after Gus breaks up with his girlfriend, while Leonora ended things with her professor boyfriend Tom and Leonora discover that they still care about each other. Matt Dillon as Gus DeMarco Annabella Sciorra as Leonora DeMarco Mary-Louise Parker as Rita Calley William Hurt as Tom Vincent D'Onofrio as Dominic Dan Hedaya as Harvey Bruce Kirby as Dante Luis Guzman as Juice Brooke Smith as Jan Bruce Altman as Mr. Wonderful James Gandolfini as Mike Crosby Vanessa Aspillaga as Marie, Dante's fiancée The film received mixed reviews.

It holds a 52% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 21 reviews, with an average rating of 5.8/10. Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale; the film was not a box office success. Mr. Wonderful on IMDb Mr. Wonderful at Rotten Tomatoes Mr. Wonderful at Box Office Mojo

Stabat Mater (Pärt)

Stabat Mater is a musical setting of the Stabat Mater sequence composed by Arvo Pärt in 1985, a commission of the Alban Berg Foundation. The piece is scored for a trio of singers: soprano and tenor. A version with expanded forces was premiered on 12 June 2008 at the Großer Musikvereinssaal during the Wiener Festwochen 2008 with Kristjan Järvi conducting the Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien and the Tonkünstler-Orchester Niederösterreich; this new version was commissioned by the Tonkünstler-Orchester. Stabat Mater is composed in Pärt's characteristic tintinnabuli style in which arpeggiations of a major or minor triad are combined with ascending or descending diatonic scales; the text of the Stabat Mater consists of ten stanzas, in an AABCCB rhyme scheme and a syllabic meter of 887887. The poetic feet are all trochees; this verse form is characteristic of the metrical sequence. As in several of Pärt's works, measure breaks are determined not by regular groupings of beats and stress, but rather by the words themselves.

Pärt places dotted lines in the score at line breaks in the poetry, as in Passio, there is a rest following any punctuation. On a large scale, Pärt frames the ten stanzas with a 108-measure introduction and coda nearly identical in structure and musical materials. Within these frames, Pärt divides the ten stanzas into four groups, separated by instrumental interludes of a vastly different musical character; the four groups are stanzas 1–2, 3–5, 6–8, 9–10. This grouping of 2+3+3+2 and its surrounding frame creates a symmetrical structure, it is possible to measure each of these sections' lengths in terms of both the measures created by the number of words and the rhythmic groupings of the underlying triple pulse. The chart below represents the proportions by means of the rhythmic groupings; the introduction is the same length as the coda, the 2nd and 3rd interlude are each half the length of the 1st interlude, stanzas 1–2 and 3–5 are equal to 9–10 and 4–6. Chiesa, Silvana. "Un progetto di analisi stilistica dello Stabat mater di Arvo Pärt".

Analisi. Hillier, Paul. Arvo Part. Oxford. Jeffers, Ron. Translations and Annotations of Choral Repertoire, Volume 1: Sacred Latin Texts. Corvallis, Oregon: Earthsongs, 1988. Supin, Dorian. Arvo Pärt: 24 Preludes for a Fugue, DVD. Idéale Audience International, 2002

Debbie Reynolds

Mary Frances "Debbie" Reynolds was an American actress and businesswoman. Her career spanned 70 years, she was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer for her portrayal of Helen Kane in the 1950 film Three Little Words, her breakout role was her first leading role, as Kathy Selden in Singin' in the Rain. Other successes include The Affairs of Dobie Gillis, Susan Slept Here, Bundle of Joy, The Catered Affair, Tammy and the Bachelor, in which her performance of the song "Tammy" reached number one on the Billboard music charts. In 1959, she released her first pop music album, titled Debbie, she starred in Singin' in the Rain, How the West Was Won, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, a biographical film about the famously boisterous Molly Brown. Her performance as Brown earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress, her other films include The Singing Nun, Divorce American Style, What's the Matter with Helen?, Charlotte's Web, In & Out. Reynolds was a cabaret performer.

In 1979, she founded the Debbie Reynolds Dance Studio in North Hollywood, which still operates today. In 1969, she starred on television in The Debbie Reynolds Show, for which she received a Golden Globe nomination. In 1973, Reynolds starred in a Broadway revival of the musical Irene and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Musical, she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for her performance in A Gift of Love and an Emmy Award for playing Grace's mother Bobbi on Will & Grace. At the turn of the millennium, Reynolds reached a new younger generation with her role as Aggie Cromwell in Disney's Halloweentown series. In 1988, she released her autobiography, titled Debbie: My Life. In 2013, she released Unsinkable: A Memoir. Reynolds had several business ventures, including ownership of a dance studio and a Las Vegas hotel and casino, she was an avid collector of film memorabilia, beginning with items purchased at the landmark 1970 MGM auction, she served as president of an organization dedicated to mental health causes.

Reynolds continued to perform on stage and film into her eighties. In January 2015, Reynolds received the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. In 2016, she received the Academy Awards Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. In the same year, a documentary about her life was released titled Bright Lights: Starring Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds, which turned out to be her final film appearance. Reynolds died following a stroke on December 28, 2016, one day after the death of her daughter, Carrie Fisher. Mary Frances Reynolds was born on April 1, 1932, in El Paso, Texas, to Maxene "Minnie" and Raymond Francis "Ray" Reynolds, a carpenter who worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad, she was raised in a strict Nazarene church. She had a brother two years her senior. Reynolds was a Girl Scout, once saying that she wanted to die as the world's oldest living Girl Scout. Reynolds was a member of The International Order of Job's Daughters, now called Job's Daughters International, her mother took in laundry for income.

"We may have been poor," she said in a 1963 interview, "but we always had something to eat if Dad had to go out on the desert and shoot jackrabbits." Her family moved to Burbank, California in 1939. When Reynolds was a sixteen-year-old student at Burbank High School in 1948, she won the Miss Burbank beauty contest. Soon after, she had a contract with Warner Bros and acquired the nickname "Debbie" via Jack L. Warner. One of her closest high school friends said that she dated during her teenage years in Burbank. Reynolds agreed, saying that "when I started, I didn't know how to dress. I wore a shirt. I had no money, no taste and no training." Her friend adds: Reynolds was first discovered by talent scouts from Warner Bros. and MGM who were at the 1948 Miss Burbank contest. Both companies wanted her to sign up with their studio and had to flip a coin to see which one got her. Warner won the coin toss, she was with the studio for two years; when Warner Brothers stopped producing musicals, she moved to MGM.

With MGM, Reynolds appeared in movie musicals during the 1950s and had several hit records during the period. Her song "Aba Daba Honeymoon" was the first soundtrack recording to become a top-of-the-chart gold record, reaching number three on the Billboard charts, her performance in the film impressed the studio, which gave her a co-starring role in what would become her highest-profile film, Singin' in the Rain, a satire on movie making in Hollywood during the transition from silent to sound pictures. It co-starred Gene Kelly, whom she called a "great dancer and cinematic genius," adding, "He made me a star. I was 18 and he taught me how to dance and how to work hard and be dedicated." In 1956, she appeared in Bundle of Joy with Eddie Fisher. Her starring role in The Unsinkable Molly Brown led to a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Reynolds noted that she had issues with its director, Charles Walters. "He didn't want me," she said. "He wanted Shirley MacLaine,". "He said'You are wrong for the part."

But six weeks into production, he reversed his opinio

Chapelle de la Trinité

The Chapelle de la Trinité is a Roman Catholic chapel located at 29-31 rue de la Bourse, in the 2nd arrondissement of Lyon, France. It is classified as historic monument, it is created by the architect Étienne Martellange, a Jesuit brother who introduced architectural models of the Counter-Reformation in Lyon. Built between 1617 and 1622, the chapel is located within the building of the Grand Collège, under the direction of the Jesuits since 1567, it was devoted to college students. It was consecrated in 1622 by Francis de Sales and was classified as monument historique in 1939, was named "La Perle Baroque". However, it lost its furnitures throughout the time; the decor is refined with coatings of Carrara marble. Until September 1799, the chapel served as a barracks. In 1801, the First Consul was there proclaimed President of the Italian Republic. Thomas Blanchet, Horace le Blanc and Pierre David are the sculptors or painters whose works can be seen in the chapel. There are patrimonial visits, haute couture shows and charity work in the chapel.

About 30,000 people visit it each year. In the 1990s, the City of Lyon, the Grand Lyon and the State decided to restore the chapel, it was illuminated by 12 chandeliers, similar to those of the seventeenth century

St. Alexandra's Church, Rostov-on-Don

Church of the Saint Queen Alexandra ― an Orthodox church in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. It was built in 1904 in the town of Nakhichevan-on-Don; the author of the project was architect Vladimir Popov. The main altar was consecrated in the name of the Saint Queen Alexandra, northern chapel is dedicated to Saint Alexander Nevsky. Church of St. Alexandra has the status of an object of cultural heritage of regional significance. Church of the Saint Queen Alexandra was built in 1904 at the Orthodox cemetery of Nakhichevan-on-Don to replace a wooden chapel there. For this reason, the size of the temple is small: about 18 × 13 metres. Architect Vladimir Popov built the church in Russian Revival style. In 1910, there was constructed a belfry, in 1920 ― a narthex. Church of Queen Alexandra was assigned to the Sofia Church. During the Nazi occupation of the city at Alexandrian cemetery there were buried Romanian Orthodox soldiers. In 1955, on the north side of the temple, there was constructed a chapel in the name of the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky ― in memory of the demolished church of Alexander Nevsky in Nakhichevan-on-Don.

To celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus', the dome was gilded. Sunday school operates at the Alexandrian Church. In 2002 at church there was established a Museum of Archpriest Ioann Domovsky, who served in the Temple of Alexander Nevsky