SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

ITV Choice

ITV Choice is a cable and satellite television channel owned and operated by ITV plc. It is available in parts of Africa; the channel was launched in 1997 by Granada Media under the name Granada UKTV, offered on satellite services in the Middle East. It was carried by Sky Network Television in New Zealand between 1999 and 2002; the service was expanded and relaunched as Granada TV during 2008, when ITV announced plans to offer the channel to cable and satellite operators in Asia. On 1 November 2010, it was rebranded as ITV Granada; the channel was renamed again as ITV Choice on 25 March 2013. On 20 August 2019, it ceased broadcasting in many markets across the Middle East and Asia, while transmission in South Africa is unaffected, it carries ITV and other UK programming, produced by ITV Studios and other independent production companies. Key programmes include Coronation Street, Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway, Dancing on Ice, I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!, The Jonathan Ross Show, Doc Martin, The Chase, Tipping Point, among others.

ITV Choice broadcasts in the following countries and regions: Africa on DStv It was available on satellite Measat 3 across Asia and Middle East. Malaysia on Astro New Zealand on Sky Television Taiwan on Chunghwa Telecom Malta on GO Channel 305 and Melita Cable The Middle East on Star TV's Star Select service, Orbit Showtime Network OSN channel 47 and Arab Digital Distribution Hong Kong on now TV Indonesia on Skynindo and TelkomVision India on Airtel digital TV Singapore on mio TV, StarHub TV and Singtel TV Thailand through Cable Thai Holding. Official website

Troy de Haas

Troy de Haas is an Australian tower running, mountain running and orienteering competitor. He made sporting history in 1999 when he won a bronze medal in the long event at the Junior World Orienteering Championships in Varna, Bulgaria, it was the first medal to be won by a non-European at the international level in the sport of Orienteering. In 2006 he achieved Australia's best men's result at a Senior World Orienteering Championships placing 7th in the sprint event in Nagoya, Japan, he was a member of Australia's relay team that placed 6th at the 2001 World Championships in Tampere, Finland. The world's biggest relay event, was won by Turun Suunnistajat in 2001 with Troy running the'long night' leg for the team, he was the first non-European to win Jukola. In recent years he has placed at national mountain running championships and international tower running races including Q1, Fernsehturm Stuttgart, Swissotel The Stamford Singapore and Taipei 101. List of orienteers List of orienteering events TowerRunning.com Jukola Mountain Running Athletics Australia

New Ireland (island)

New Ireland or Latangai, is a large island in Papua New Guinea 7,404 km2 in area with c. 120,000 people. It is named after the island of Ireland, it is the largest island of lying northeast of the island of New Britain. Both islands are part of the Bismarck Archipelago, named after Otto von Bismarck, they are separated by Saint George's Channel; the administrative centre of the island and of New Ireland province is the town of Kavieng located at the northern end of the island. While the island was part of German New Guinea, it was named Neumecklenburg; the island is part of the Bismarck Archipelago and is described as having the shape of a musket. For much of its 360 km in length, the island's width varies between less than 10 km to 40 km, yet the central mountainous spine is steep and rugged; the highest peak is Mount Taron in the Hans Meyer Range. Other mountain ranges are Tirpitz, Schleinitz and Rossel; the island lies between five degrees south of the equator. The original land cover was dense rainforest.

New Ireland is surrounded by the Bismarck Sea in the southwest and by the Pacific Ocean in the northeast. The first inhabitants of the Bismarck Archipelago arrived around 33,000 years ago after sailing from what is now Papua New Guinea. Arrivals included the Lapita people 3,000 years ago. Three distinct cultural practices are characteristic of the native people of New Ireland: Kabai and Tubuan. In 1616 the Dutch sailors Jacob Le Maire and Willem Schouten were the first Europeans to set foot on the island. Louis Antoine de Bougainville anchored here on 6 July 1768, eleven months after Philip Carteret. Whaling ships called at the island in the 19th century, for water and provisions; the first recorded whaler to visit was the Resource in 1799. Islanders sometimes served as crewmen on these vessels; the last known whaling visitor was the Belvedere in 1884. In the 1870s and 1880s, the Marquis de Rays, a French nobleman, attempted to establish a French colony on the island called New France, he sent four ill-fated expeditions to the island, the most famous of which caused the death of 123 settlers.

From 1885 to 1914 New Ireland bore the name Neumecklenburg. Germans managed several profitable copra plantations and built a road to transport the goods; this road is in service and is named the Boluminski Highway after the German administrator of German New Guinea, Franz Boluminski. After World War I New Ireland was ceded to Australia. Australia renamed the island New Ireland, after the island of Ireland. In January 1942, during World War II, the island was captured by Japanese forces and was under their control. Widespread deforestation and degradation of lowland rainforest is an issue on New Ireland and the other eastern islands of Papua New Guinea as well as on Papua New Guinea mainland. Nearly 60% of their forests are accessible to logging, by 2002, 63% of the accessible forests had been deforested or degraded. Malagan – funerary arts that originate in Tabar Group, have been imported to the northern region of New Ireland. Tatanua – "The person who organises a tatanua performance must select the music and dancers, assemble a male chorus and acquire the masks.

The masks are rented from one of the sculptors who makes them." Kulap – chalk limestone funerary sculptures. Entry at the Linköping University "New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Persée: Archaeological survey in southern New Ireland Wallaby extinctions at the Macropodid frontier "New Mecklenburg". New International Encyclopedia. 1905