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ITV Yorkshire

ITV Yorkshire known as Yorkshire Television or YTV is the British television service provided by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the Yorkshire franchise area on the ITV network. Until 1974, this was the historic county of Yorkshire and parts of neighbouring counties served by the Emley Moor and Bilsdale transmitting station transmitters. Following a re-organisation in 1974 the transmission area was extended to include Lincolnshire, northwestern Norfolk and parts of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, served by the Belmont transmitter, but lost much of North Yorkshire served by the Bilsdale transmitter which covered Tyne Tees Television, with transmissions available as far south as Harrogate. Two consortia applied for the franchise, Telefusion Yorkshire Ltd and Yorkshire Independent Television, the former having large financial backing and the latter having the better plans but fewer resources. On 1 January 2007, the company transferred its programme production business to ITV Studios Limited; as a consequence, Yorkshire Television Limited ceased to trade on 1 January 2007.

Yorkshire Television Ltd still exists, but its licence is now owned and operated by ITV plc under the licence name of ITV Broadcasting Limited. Yorkshire Television Ltd is, along with most other regional companies owned by ITV plc, listed with Companies House as a dormant company. ITV Yorkshire known as Yorkshire Television, sometimes abbreviated to YTV or Yorkshire, has its origins in the 1967 franchise round; that round stipulated that the influential pan-North region, the licence, owned by Granada Television and ABC, both based in Manchester, had to be split up. It was decided that Granada would keep the North West franchise and a new franchise created for Yorkshire. On 28 February 1967, national and regional newspapers carried numerous advertisements from the Independent Television Authority, each requesting applicants for various new ITV contracts, one of, Programme Contractor for Yorkshire Area – All Week. Ten formal bids were received by the closing date. Telefusion Yorkshire Limited, created by the Blackpool-based TV rental chain Telefusion and led by Grampian TV Managing Director G E Ward Thomas, was selected as the winning bid.

It was chosen on the condition that it'merged' with another applicant Yorkshire Independent Television. The latter, backed by a consortium of Yorkshire Post Newspapers Ltd, other local newspaper groups such as the Huddersfield Examiner and the Scarborough Evening News, several Yorkshire-based Co-operative societies, trade unions and local universities, was deemed by the Authority to have the better talent but suffered a lack of funding, whereas Telefusion had the backing of a cash-rich parent; the new venture chose the name Yorkshire Television Network but decided to drop the word'Network' before going on air. A few days after winning, the chairman Sir Richard Graham said: "We see ourselves as having a particular responsibility to convey to a mature audience the particular qualities and strengths of one of the most populous and most important areas outside London."The station began broadcasting on 29 July 1968 from new studios at Kirkstall Road in Leeds. Although they were purpose-built for colour production and equipped with £2.2 million of equipment, the majority of initial broadcasts were in monochrome until the ITV network formally launched its colour output on 15 November 1969.

After an opening ceremony led by The Duchess of Kent, the station's first programme was live coverage of the Test cricket match between England and Australia at Headingley. Other programmes broadcast on YTV's opening day included the first edition of its regional news programme Calendar, the station's first networked production – the'Playhouse' drama Daddy Kiss it Better – and a light entertainment special, First Night, hosted by Bob Monkhouse; the station was hit hard financially when the transmitter mast at Emley Moor collapsed in March 1969 under a heavy build-up of ice. This left the major part of the region uncovered by Yorkshire Television plus BBC2 who broadcast from the same mast. A temporary mast was erected and television to the West Riding of Yorkshire resumed, albeit with reduced coverage. From this, the company grew and by May 1970 the company was making profits of over £689,000. After a series of temporary masts at Emley Moor, the current 275 metre reinforced concrete tower — topped by a 55-metre steel lattice mast — began transmitting in 1971, resuming full area coverage for the YTV region.

In June 1969, talks began between Yorkshire and Anglia about achieving a cost cutting exercise by sharing equipment and facilities. Neither company planned a merger; the decision to form an association was purely down to the costs of the increased levy on the companies' advertising revenue by the government, the cost of colour TV. The ITA stated there was no reason why the companies should not have talks about sensible economies that could be made, but would examine all details before any association were to be implemented. In January 1970, a warning was given that regionalism would be abandoned and a forced merger with Anglia Television would happen unless the chancellor reduced the levy applied on advertising revenues, not helped by the high cost with colour television and the introduction of UHF, which the government agreed to a few months later. With the introduction of UHF broadcasting, YTV had failed to gain the Bilsdale transmitter in North Yorkshire, allocated instead to Tyne Tees Televi

Operation Birmingham

Operation Birmingham was a military operation of the Vietnam War in War Zone C, north of Saigon conducted by the U. S. 1st Infantry Division and the Army of the Republic of Vietnam 5th Division from 24 April to 17 May 1966. The objective of the operation was to engage the Viet Cong 9th Division; the operation began on 24 April and in the first few days there was only sporadic contact with VC, however a number of supply caches were located. On 27 April a battalion of the 1st Brigade killed 3 VC and discovered several tons of supplies, while a battalion of the 3rd Brigade found a battalion-size VC base camp. On 30 April two battalions of the 1st Brigade swept north along the east bank of the Rach Cai Bac river on the border between South Vietnam and Cambodia attracting fire from both across the river in Cambodia and from the Vietnamese hamlet of Lo Go; the 1st Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment engaged the forces firing from Cambodia while the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment engaged the VC in Lo Go.

The fighting at Lo Go continued into the afternoon when the VC, latter identified as coming from the C230 Battalion, withdrew leaving 54 dead. U. S. losses were 6 killed. The operation continued for another two weeks as the 1st Infantry Division swept War Zone C in the hope of finding COSVN headquarters, believed to located in northern Tây Ninh Province, but there were no other major engagements. Operation Birmingham employed two brigades of the Vietnamese Mobile Guerrilla Forces whose primary objective was to locate and engage VC forces as well as to destroy their base camps along the Cambodian border; these brigades moved to exploit acquired intelligence on enemy installations and movements and were transported by helicopter to locations throughout Tây Ninh Province. The MGFs utilized guerrilla warfare tactics that were employed by the VC against U. S. and ARVN units. The operation ended on 17 May 1966; this article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.

"Battlefield: Vietnam". Retrieved 2013-08-25

Mad Shadows (novel)

Mad Shadows is a French-Canadian novel by Marie-Claire Blais, published in 1959. Writing the work at the age of twenty, the novel was Blais' first major literary work, it established her as a rising talent within the Quebec literary scene. Mad Shadows explores the psychology of a single family: the beautiful and narcissistic son; the novel posits an amoral world where beauty stands hollow and love rings empty. Isabelle-Marie Isabelle-Marie is considered the main character of the story as most of the storyline is revealed through her knowledge. Isabelle-Marie is the older sister of Patrice, daughter to Louise.. As the story progresses, the audience sees Isabelle-Marie’s continuing resentment for her mother’s neglect and jealousy of her brother's beauty fester and grow to become a component of her destructive nature. Patrice Patrice has great physical beauty likened to the Greek god Adonis, he is simple-minded and an idiot, cannot think for himself, he depends on the constant attention of his mother and feeds his narcissism from her dedication to protecting his appearance.

"Lying on his back like a marble god, with his mouth half open, Patrice stared at his mother. Louise felt lacerated and oppressed." Louise Louise is the mother of both Isabelle-Marie. Patrice’s beauty was to her but a reflection of her own." While she attempts to preserve her own beauty in the face of Patrice, she neglects Isabelle-Marie due to her belief that only the beautiful reflect status. Lanz Lanz is the suitor – and husband – to Louise, he becomes Patrice's step-father. From the moment Louise is attracted to him because he has beauty and wealth – the two highest assets within the morals of the novella’s characters. Michael Originally blind from a cat injury at the age of 10, Michael becomes the lover of Isabelle-Marie, but soon abandons his new wife and daughter after his sight is restored and he realizes their true ugliness. Anne Anne is Michael and Isabelle-Marie's daughter; because of her ugliness, Isabelle-Marie cannot bear to see her own child as it is a reminder of the happy past with Michael that turned sour.

She is not a critical character in bringing the plot forward with her actions, but more a symbol of the possibility of innocence. As the story comes to a close, she is the only one. La Belle Bête starts off; the characters’ relationships with one another, as well as their physical beauty as a status, are established. As they return home, their daily activities reveal more of their living situation with one another, as Isabelle-Marie is the Cinderella of the family, working hard and being neglected, while Louise fawns over her beloved beautiful Patrice. Patrice is so incompetent from his constant dependence on his mother, that he can do nothing but accept her attention. Louise announces that she needs to travel to pick up farm equipment for their vast land, leaves Patrice and Isabelle-Marie. Isabelle-Marie continues her distaste for her brother, as her mother is no longer there to support Patrice, she takes the opportunity to let him starve to release her anger and jealously towards him As she grows to pity his incompetence and dependency on Louise, Isabelle-Marie begins to care for him so slightly.

When Louise returns, she brings with her Lanz, who becomes the new controlling figure over the family. Patrice rejoices and cleaves to his mother, but she can no longer respond with her attention as she is consumed by her own relationship with Lanz; as Lanz brings Louise further and further from her children, Patrice spirals into deterioration while Isabelle-Marie relishes her newfound freedom. As Isabelle-Marie becomes more upbeat, she learns to care for Patrice, as well as meets her lover Michael, who she convinces to love her by lying about her beauty. From here the story splits into two. On one side of life, Isabelle-Marie begins her life with the blind Michael, while Patrice is continued to be neglected as Lanz demands the attention of Louise. Both children's’ stories end in despair as Michael regains his vision and comes to terms with the ugliness of Isabelle-Marie and their newborn child Anne, he disappears from their lives. As the torn spirit of Isabelle-Marie returns to her unwanted home, she finds that Louise is being controlled by Lanz, has chosen him over Patrice.

Her newfound anger towards outer beauty drives her to push Patrice's face into a pot of boiling water, thus bringing his now beast-like face to her lowly status. Patrice cries to his mother, she makes the ultimate choice to live her life with Lanz, abandoning Patrice entirely. Patrice is sent to an insane asylum by Louise, who becomes fed up with his incompetence, however he escapes shortly afterwards; as their lives become disillusioned, Isabelle-Marie ends up setting fire to the farm. Louise, cracking under the loss of her beautiful child, the control – and eventual death - of her husband is lost in the fire. In the end, Isabelle-Marie pushes her children- Anne away, walks to the track with the intention of suicide. Patrice, however. In 1977, the novel was adapted into a ballet by the National Ballet of Canada, starring dancers Karen Kain, Veronica Tennant, choreographed by Anne Ditchburn, with music by Andre Gagnon. In 1987, commemorating the company's 35th anniversary, the show was rerun and featured Cynthia Lucas and Tomas Schramek.

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