Over the Rainbow
Over the Rainbow is a ballad, with music by Harold Arlen and lyrics by Yip Harburg. It was written for the movie The Wizard of Oz and was sung by actress Judy Garland, the song won the Academy Award for Best Original Song and became Garlands signature song, as well as one of the most enduring standards of the 20th century. Dorothys Aunt Em tells her to find yourself a place where you wont get into any trouble and this prompts Dorothy to walk off by herself, musing to Toto, Some place where there isnt any trouble. Do you suppose there is such a place and its not a place you can get to by a boat, or a train. Behind the moon, beyond the rain, at which point she begins singing. The song is one on the Songs of the Century list compiled by the Recording Industry Association of America. The American Film Institute ranked Over the Rainbow the greatest movie song of all time on the list of AFIs 100 Years.100 Songs and it was adopted by American troops in Europe in World War II, as a symbol of the United States.
Garland performed the song for the troops as part of a 1943 performance, in April 2005, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp recognizing lyricist Yip Harburgs accomplishments, the stamp features the opening lyric from Over the Rainbow. The song was used as a wakeup call in the STS-88 Space shuttle mission in Flight Day 4. The song was honored with the 2014 Towering Song Award by the Songwriters Hall of Fame and was sung at its dinner on June 12,2014 by Jackie Evancho. In April 2016, The Daily Telegraph listed the song as number 8 on its list of the 100 greatest songs of all time, the Over the Rainbow sequence and the entirety of the Kansas scenes were directed by King Vidor, though he was not credited. At the start of the film, part of the song is played by the MGM orchestra over the opening credits, a reprise of the song was deleted after being filmed. An additional chorus was to be sung by Dorothy while she was locked in a room in the witchs castle, helplessly awaiting death as the witchs hourglass ran out.
In that extremely intense and fear-filled rendition, Dorothy weeps her way through it, unable to finish, concluding with a tear-filled, Im frightened, another instrumental version is played in the underscore in the final scene, and over the closing credits. On October 7,1938, Judy Garland first recorded the song on the MGM soundstages, in September 1939, a studio recording of the song, not from the actual film soundtrack, was recorded and released as a single by Decca Records. In March 1940, that recording was included on a Decca 78-RPM four-record studio cast album entitled The Wizard of Oz. It was not until 1956, when MGM released the soundtrack album from the film. The 1956 soundtrack release was timed to coincide with the premiere of the movie
Merrill Davis Osmond is the lead singer and bassist of the 1970s pop-rock music group The Osmonds and its 1980s country music spinoff, The Osmond Brothers. He continues to perform with his brothers and without them as a solo act and he has released an new album, A Tribute to Classic Rock, and tours worldwide. Osmond was born in Ogden, the fifth of the nine children of Olive May, four of the Osmonds were cast over a seven-year period on NBCs The Andy Williams Show, a musical variety program. They appeared in nine episodes of the 1963-1964 ABC western television series, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters, the series starred 12-year-old Kurt Russell on a wagon train headed to the American West. A tenor/countertenor vocalist well into adulthood, Merrill was either lead singer or co-lead singer on almost all of the Osmonds songs and co-wrote, along with older brother Alan, Merrill was the first of the performing siblings to marry. He wed Mary Carlson on September 17,1973, they have four sons, Merrills second son, Justin Osmond, is deaf, as are Justins uncles and Tom Osmond, Merrills two oldest brothers.
Justin Osmond works with organizations and launched the Olive Osmond Perpetual Hearing Fund in 2010. Like the rest of his family, Merrill is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in keeping with church tradition, all of his sons have served as missionaries. Merrill Osmond at the Internet Movie Database Merrill Osmond on Osmond family Official site
Donald Clark Donny Osmond is an American singer, radio personality, and former teen idol. Osmond has been a talk and game show host, record producer, in the mid-1960s, he and four of his elder brothers gained fame as the Osmonds. Osmond went solo in the early 1970s, covering such hits as Go Away Little Girl, for over thirty-five years, he and younger sister Marie have gained fame as Donny & Marie, partly due to the success of their 1976–79 self-titled variety series, which aired on ABC. The duo did a 1998–2000 talk show and have been headlining in Las Vegas since 2008, in 1989, Osmond had two big-selling recordings, the first of which, Soldier of Love, was initially credited to a mystery artist by some radio stations. Starting in July 1992, Osmond played Joseph in the Elgin Theatres Toronto production of Joseph, the musical toured North America until 1998. Creator Andrew Lloyd Webber chose him for the 1999 film version, in 2009, Osmond won the ninth season of Dancing with the Stars. Osmond appeared as a guest judge on Strictly Come Dancing on week 3 of the 12th series, Osmond was born on December 9,1957 in Ogden, the seventh son of Olive May and George Virl Osmond.
He is the brother of Alan, Jimmy, Wayne, Tom, Jay, Merrill and Donny were members of the popular singing group The Osmonds. Osmond was raised as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Utah along with his siblings, Osmond has traced some of his family ancestry back to Merthyr Tydfil in Wales, his journey was documented in a BBC Wales program, Donny Osmond Coming Home. On the BBCs The One Show, a plaque was unveiled in the town to commemorate the ancestors of Donny Osmond, in his youth, Osmond held a ham radio license, KA7EVD. Andy Williams father, Jay Emerson Williams, saw the Osmond Brothers perform on a Disneyland televised special as a barbershop quartet, in short order, the group was invited to audition for The Andy Williams Show. In 1963, Donny Osmond made his debut on the show at the age of 5 singing You Are My Sunshine, the brothers continued to perform on the show throughout the 1960s along with a visit from their sister Marie. Osmond became a teen idol in the early 1970s as a solo singer, Bobby Sherman, and David Cassidy were the biggest Cover Boy pop stars for Tiger Beat magazine in the early 1970s.
His first solo hit was a cover of Roy Orbisons 1958 recording of Sweet and Innocent, in the 1980s, Osmond re-invented himself and abandoned the earlier television show image crafted to appeal to young viewers. They succeeded, returning Osmond to the US charts in 1989 with the Billboard Hot 100 No.2 song Soldier of Love, the campaign to market Soldier Of Love received considerable airplay with the singer being presented as a mystery artist before his identity was revealed. Launching an extensive tour in support of the Eyes Dont Lie record, he enlisted Earth Wind & Fire and Kenny Loggins guitarist Dick Smith along with keyboardist Marc Jackson. Osmond was often reluctant to perform his earliest songs, in particular Go Away Little Girl, now he embraces his initial recording period with fondness, and recognizes that his many fans around the world are always excited and appreciative to hear his earliest chart successes. Osmond was the guest vocalist on Dweezil Zappas star-studded version of the Bee Gees Stayin Alive which appeared on Zappas 1991 album Confessions, the song included guitar solos from Zakk Wylde, Steve Lukather, Warren DeMartini, Nuno Bettencourt, and Tim Pierce
Hello! The Osmond Brothers
The Osmond Brothers is an album released by The Osmonds in 1970. Most songs were recorded in Japanese, and some were recorded in English, the album was released in Japan. Four singles were released from the album, Chitchana Koibito, Young Love Swing, Movin Along and Chance. The single, Chitchana Koibito, was sung by Jimmy and reached No.1 on the Japan charts, the album was released about a month before they signed with MGM Records
A-side and B-side
The terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 78,45, and 33 1/3 rpm phonograph records, whether singles, extended plays, or long-playing records. Creedence Clearwater Revival had hits with both A-side and B-side releases, others took the opposite approach, producer Phil Spector was in the habit of filling B-sides with on-the-spot instrumentals that no one would confuse with the A-side. With this practice, Spector was assured that airplay was focused on the side he wanted to be the hit side, the earliest 10-inch,78 rpm, shellac records were single sided. Double-sided recordings, with one song on side, were introduced in Europe by Columbia Records. There were no record charts until the 1930s, and radio stations did not play recorded music until the 1950s, in this time, A-sides and B-sides existed, but neither side was considered more important, the side did not convey anything about the content of the record. The term single came into use with the advent of vinyl records in the early 1950s.
At first, most record labels would randomly assign which song would be an A-side, under this random system, many artists had so-called double-sided hits, where both songs on a record made one of the national sales charts, or would be featured on jukeboxes in public places. As time wore on, the convention for assigning songs to sides of the record changed. By the early sixties, the song on the A-side was the song that the company wanted radio stations to play. It was not until 1968, for instance, that the production of albums on a unit basis finally surpassed that of singles in the United Kingdom. In the late 1960s stereo versions of pop and rock songs began to appear on 45s. The majority of the 45s were played on AM radio stations, by the early 1970s, double-sided hits had become rare. Album sales had increased, and B-sides had become the side of the record where non-album, non-radio-friendly, with the advent of cassette and compact disc singles in the late 1980s, the A-side/B-side differentiation became much less meaningful.
With the decline of cassette singles in the 1990s, the A-side/B-side dichotomy became virtually extinct, as the dominant medium. However, the term B-side is still used to refer to the tracks or coupling tracks on a CD single. With the advent of downloading music via the Internet, sales of CD singles and other media have declined. B-side songs may be released on the record as a single to provide extra value for money. There are several types of material released in this way, including a different version, or, in a concept record
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid 1950s. The terms popular music and pop music are used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular. Pop and rock were synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they were used in opposition from each other. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. Pop music is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other such as urban, rock, Latin. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a format, as well as the common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes. David Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, according to Pete Seeger, pop music is professional music which draws upon both folk music and fine arts music. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music, the music charts contain songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz and novelty songs.
Pop music, as a genre, is seen as existing and developing separately, pop music continuously evolves along with the terms definition. The term pop song was first recorded as being used in 1926, Hatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the 1920s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country and hillbilly music. The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that while pops earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience. Since the late 1950s, pop has had the meaning of non-classical mus, usually in the form of songs, performed by such artists as the Beatles. Grove Music Online states that, in the early 1960s pop music competed terminologically with beat music, while in the USA its coverage overlapped with that of rock and roll. From about 1967, the term was used in opposition to the term rock music. Whereas rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of music, pop was more commercial, ephemeral. It is not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward, and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative.
It is, provided from on high rather than being made from below, pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment, the lyrics of modern pop songs typically focus on simple themes – often love and romantic relationships – although there are notable exceptions
MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by MCA Inc. which gave way to the larger MCA Music Entertainment Group, of which MCA Records was still part. MCAs country division, MCA Nashville, is an active imprint of Universal Music Group Nashville. MCA was forced to exit the talent agency business in order to complete the merger, as American Decca owned Universal Pictures, MCA assumed full ownership of Universal and made it into the top film studio in town, producing hit after hit. In 1966, MCA formed Uni Records and in 1967 purchased Kapp Records which was placed under Uni Records management. In 1937, the owner of Decca, E. R. Lewis, chose to split off the U. K. Decca company from the U. S. company, companies if the emerging hostilities of Nazi Germany should lead to war – correctly foreseeing World War II. Lewis sold the remainder of his U. S. Decca holdings when war did break out, MCAs U. S. -based Decca Records kept the rights to the Decca name in North and South America and parts of Asia including Japan. U. K.
Decca owned the rights to the Decca name in the rest of the world, after the war, British Decca formed a new U. S. subsidiary, London Records. During this time U. S. Decca issued records outside North America on the Brunswick, in 1967, Brunswick and Coral were replaced by the MCA label to release U. S. Decca and Kapp label material outside North America. Initial activity as MCA Records was based in London and MCA Records UK was formally launched on February 16,1968. Among the early artists on the MCA label, around 1971, were groups Wishbone Ash, Osibisa and Budgie, early MCA releases were distributed by U. K. Decca but it moved to EMI in 1974. In 1979, distribution moved to CBS, while the last releases in the 1980s were self-distributed, as the U. S. division of MCA Records was not established until 1972, the earliest U. K. MCA Records material was released in the U. S. on either Kapp or Decca, Uni label material was issued on the Uni label worldwide. In 1970, MCA reorganized its Canadian record company Compo Company Ltd.
into MCA Records, in April 1970, former Warner Bros. Records president Mike Maitland joined MCA and initially served as Deccas general manager. Maitland was unsuccessful in his attempt to consolidate Warner Bros. Records with co-owned Atlantic Records which led to his departure from Warner, the three labels maintained their identities for a short time but were retired in favor of the MCA label in 1973. Drift Away by Dobie Gray became the final Decca pop label release in the U. S in 1973. Beginning the same year the catalogs of Decca and Kapp were reissued in the U. S. on the MCA label under the supervision of veteran Decca producer Milt Gabler. The first MCA Records release in the U. S. was former Uni artist Elton Johns Crocodile Rock single in 1972, MCA label used a black with curved rainbow design until the late 1970s. This design was inspired by the U. S. Decca label of the 1960s
Uni Records was a record label owned by MCA Inc. The brand, which featured a distinctive UNi logo, was established in 1966 by MCA executive Ned Tanen. In 1967, Uni took over management of MCAs newly acquired Kapp Records, Uni operated Revue Records, a soul music subsidiary, from about 1966 to 1970. In 1971 Uni was merged with Kapp and the co-owned American Decca Records and that year, Regan left MCA to revive 20th Century Records for 20th Century Fox. In 1988, Uni was briefly revived by MCA Records as a niche hipster label, à la Sire Records, with a roster that included Transvision Vamp, & Rakim, Steve Earle, and a distribution deal with the Bronx-based hip hop label Strong City Records. By the end of 1989, Swans was dropped, the deal with Strong City was terminated, in 1991, MCA revamped the Uni moniker once more when it changed the name of its music distribution network from MCA Music Distribution Corp to Uni Distribution Corp. In 1996, in the wake of Seagrams purchase of MCA, in June 2001, it was renamed Universal Music & Video Distribution Corp.
and it was changed again in 2006, after the sale of Universal Pictures to NBC, to Universal Music Distribution. 1967–1973, Mustard yellow label with green and magenta swirls, followed by lime green colored Uni logo in yellow swirl. Many albums during this run were pressed with custom labels, 1988–1989, Blue label with Uni logo in black at top. MCA Records List of record labels Hall, Claude, MCA Drops Vocalion, Decca and Uni, February 10,1973 Uni Records official site The Uni Records Story