I Spy is an American secret-agent adventure television series that ran for three seasons on NBC from September 15, 1965 to April 15, 1968 and teamed US intelligence agents Kelly Robinson and Alexander "Scotty" Scott, traveling undercover as international "tennis bums". Robinson poses as an amateur with Scott as his trainer, playing against wealthy opponents in return for food and lodging, their work involved chasing villains and beautiful women. The creative forces behind the show were writers David Friedkin and Morton Fine and cinematographer Fouad Said. Together they formed Triple F Productions under the aegis of Desilu Productions where the show was produced. Fine and Friedkin were co-producers and head writers, wrote the scripts for 16 episodes, one of which Friedkin directed. Friedkin dabbled in acting and appeared in two episodes in the first season. Actor-producer Sheldon Leonard, known for playing gangster roles in the 1940s and 1950s, was the executive producer, he played a gangster-villain role in two episodes and appeared in a third show as himself in a humorous cameo.
In addition, he directed one episode and served as occasional second-unit director throughout the series. I Spy broke ground in that it was the first American television drama to feature a black actor in a lead role. An older actor was slated to play a fatherly mentor to Culp's character. After seeing Cosby performing stand-up comedy on a talk-show, Sheldon Leonard decided to take a chance on hiring him to play opposite Culp; the concept was changed from a mentor-protégé relationship to same-age partners. It was notable that Cosby's race was never an issue in any of the stories, though on occasion oblique references surfaced. Nor was his character in any way subservient to Culp's, with the exception that Culp's "Kelly Robinson" was a more experienced agent; as a strait-laced Rhodes Scholar fluent in many languages, Cosby's "Scotty" was the brains of the team. His partner was the playboy who lived by his wits. I Spy was a trailblazer in its use of exotic international locations in an attempt to emulate the James Bond film series.
This was unique for a television show since the series filmed its lead actors at locations ranging from Spain to Japan, rather than relying on stock footage. Compare with the recent series, which utilized worldwide settings but filmed outside the Los Angeles region. Contrast the extensive use of location shooting with I Spy's contemporaries on NBC Mission: Impossible and The Man from U. N. C. L. E. Which were filmed on the Desilu and MGM back lots, respectively. Location filming is expensive and requires more planning than studio filming, but the resulting quality was key to I Spy's success; each season the producers would select four or five scenic locations around the world and create stories that took advantage of the local attractions. Episodes were filmed in Hong Kong, Rome, Madrid, Tokyo, San Francisco, Las Vegas, Morocco; the success of the show is attributed to the chemistry between Culp and Cosby. Fans tuned in more for their hip banter than for the espionage stories, making I Spy a leader in the buddy genre.
The two actors developed a close friendship that mirrored their on-screen characters, a friendship that would last until Culp's death in 2010. The show coined unique phrases that became catchphrases, such as "wonderfulness". Wonderfulness was used as the title of one of Cosby's albums of stand-up comedy released concurrently with the series. Cosby occasionally slipped in bits of his comic routines during his improvised badinage with Culp. Many details of Cosby's life were written into his character. Scott does not smoke -- while Kelly Robinson does both. There are frequent references to Scott's childhood in Philadelphia and attending Temple University, in the "Cops and Robbers" episode, Scotty returns home to Philadelphia to revisit his old neighborhood. I Spy was a fixture in the popular secret agent genre of the 1960s—a trend that began with the James Bond films. By 1965 every studio was producing secret agent TV shows and spin-off merchandise. What set I Spy apart from contemporary programs such as The Man from U.
N. C. L. E; the Avengers, The Wild Wild West was its emphasis on realism. There were outlandish villains or campy, tongue-in-cheek humor. Although Culp and Cosby exchanged breezy, lighthearted dialog, the stories invariably focused on the gritty, ugly side of the espionage business; the series produced purely comedic episodes such as "Chrysanthemum," inspired by The Pink Panther, "Mainly on the Plains" with Boris Karloff as an eccentric scientist who thinks he's Don Quixote. However, most episodes dealt with more serious subjects and did not shy away from ending on a somber note, it was one of the few American dramatic television series of the 1960s (The Twilig
The Australian Competitive Grants Register was a centralised register that listed funding schemes that were approved by the Australian Government as being "competitive research grants" to Australian higher education providers. The ACGR was released for the last time in 2018 and is no longer updated as it has been replaced by a mechanism that allows universities to self-assess their research income; the register has included schemes from the following funding bodies and organisations since 2008: The register before 2008 included schemes from the following funding bodies: Australian Dental Research Foundation Australian Greenhouse Office NICTA Backing Australia's Ability List of Australian Commonwealth Government entities Official website
DPHM-RS is a semi-distributed hydrologic model developed at University of Alberta, Canada. The semi-distributed DPHM-RS sub-divides a river basin to a number of sub-basins, computes the evapotranspiration, soil moisture and surface runoff using energy and rainfall forcing data in a sub-basin scale, it consists of six basic components: interception of rainfall, evapotranspiration, soil moisture, saturated subsurface flow, surface flow and channel routing, as described in Biftu and Gan. The interception of precipitation from the atmosphere by the canopy is modeled using the Rutter Interception Model; the land surface evaporation and vegetation transpiration are computed separately using the Two Source Model of Shuttleworth and Gurney, based on the energy balance above canopy, within canopy and at soil surface. This model solves the non-linear equations based on the energy balance for the canopy and air temperatures at canopy height, evaporation from soil surface and transpiration from vegetation.
A soil profile of three homogeneous layers is used to model the soil moisture on the basis of water balance between layers. The active layer is 15–30 cm thick and it simulates the rapid changes of soil moisture content under high frequency atmospheric forcing; the transmission zone lies between the base of the active layer and the top of the capillary fringe and so it more characterizes the seasonal changes of soil moisture. In modeling the unsaturated flow component of soil water, the water transport is assumed vertical and non-interactive between sub-basins; the lower boundary of the unsaturated zone is the top of capillary fringe controlled by the local average ground water table derived from the catchment average water table and topographic soil index which include the spatial variability of the topographic and soil parameters. Starting with an observed value from the surrounding wells of the modeled basin, the temporal changes in the average ground water depth is based on the water balance analysis for the whole catchment, the rate of change of the average ground water table is assumed to be the rate of change of local water table.
After simulating the soil moisture, the saturation and Hortonian infiltration excess for vegetated and bare soil are computed to generate the surface runoff for each sub-basin. Philip's equation is used to compute the infiltration capacity of soil, the surface runoff is distributed temporally using a time lag response function obtained from a reference rainfall excess of 1 cm depth applied to each grid cell within the sub-basin for one time step. For each grid cell, which has the resolution of the digital elevation model used, the flow is routed according to the kinematic wave equation from cell to cell based on eight possible flow directions until the total runoff water for the sub-basin is routed; the resulting runoff becomes a lateral inflow to the stream channel within the sub-basin and these flows are routed through the drainage network by the Muskingum-Cunge routing method whose variable parameters are evaluated by an iterative four point approach
Alfonza W. Davis was the first African-American aviator from North Omaha, Nebraska, to be awarded his "wings." He was a member of the Tuskegee Airmen, a recipient of the Purple Heart, Distinguished Flying Cross and the Distinguished Unit Citation. Davis was assumed to be dead after going missing on or about July 1945, over the Adriatic Sea. Davis graduated valedictorian from Omaha's Technical High School in 1937 and went on to attend the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and Creighton University earning a Bachelor of Science in Commerce degree from Creighton in 1941. At Creighton he was a member of the Chamber of Commerce, he was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Davis joined the Army Air Corps in 1942, during World War II, he received his flight training at Tuskegee Airfield in Alabama, becoming the first African American from Omaha to graduate and earn his wings. Having graduated at the top of his flight class, he was chosen to be squadron leader of the 302d Fighter Group based in Italy, he became attached to the 332d Fighter Group as the Assistant Group Operations Officer.
The 332d was an all African American unit, known as the "Red Tail" group because of their special aircraft paint scheme. He achieved the rank of captain, flying the P-51 Mustang escort fighter. Davis' awards and decorations included: a Purple Heart, the Distinguished Flying Cross, a Distinguished Unit Citation, he was credited with one aerial victory in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations on July 16, 1944. During his last assignment with the 99th Pursuit Squadron as Squadron Commander, one of the fighter groups that Davis commanded, destroyed 83 German aircraft. While on a reconnaissance mission to Munich, Davis was lost and declared missing in action near the Gulf of Trieste in overcast weather; the United States Department of War issued a presumptive finding of death while missing in action on October 30, 1945. The Alfonza W. Davis Chapter of Tuskegee Airmen was founded in Omaha in 1988 to conduct historical research and document the "pioneering men and women in military aviation, who served our country, fighting two wars—one against enemy military forces and the other against racism at home and abroad."
In 2013, Omaha Public Schools named their newest middle school, located at 8050 North 129th Avenue, after him. Davis is memorialized on the Tablets of the Missing at the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery. People from North Omaha, Nebraska History of North Omaha, Nebraska The Alfonza W. Davis Chapter of Tuskegee Airmen
The Clanna Rudraige, Anglicised as Clanna Rory, is according to Irish mythology an ancient tribe that ruled the ancient province of Ulaid in Ireland. The people that lived in this province called the Ulaid, are claimed as being descended from the Clanna Rudraige and in medieval texts are referred to by that name; the Clanna Rudraige may mean "descendants of Rudraige" or "descendants of the Rudraige", a population name like Dartraighe or Osraige. An alternate spelling found in medieval texts is Clan na Rudraige, which would lean towards the latter, it is suggested that rud is related to ruad meaning "red", which would give Rudraige the meaning "red people". Red features prominently in the Ulster Cycle of legends: there is the tale of Togail Bruidne Dá Derga, with Dá Derga meaning "red god"; the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology is called An Rúraíocht in Irish. The origins and background of the Clanna Rudraige comes from medieval texts, most of which combined myth, pseudo-history and possible real events into an elaborate and fabricated legendary history.
According to one of these works, the Annals of the Four Masters, the Clanna Rudraige are descended from Rudraige mac Sithrigi, a prince of the province of Ulaid who became High King of Ireland sometime between the 1st and 3rd centuries BC. During the reign of Eochu Feidlech as High-King, the provinces of Ireland are said to have been turned into kingdoms, with the ruler of each tribe who possessed a province becoming a king, as such the first king of Ulster was Fergus mac Léti, grandson of Rudraige mac Sithrigi. Fergus' cousin Conchobar mac Nessa was king of Ulaid during the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. According to these medieval texts, in the fourth century the Three Collas invaded Ulaid; the Three Collas and their armies fought seven battles in a week against the Ulaid at Achaidh Leithdeircc, killing Fergus Foga, king of Ulster, in the seventh battle. The Collas burnt Emain Macha, the capital of Ulaid, after which it was abandoned, seized substantial territories in mid-Ulster; this is thought to be the origin of the medieval over-kingdom of Airgíalla
Puzhayamma is an upcoming Indian film made in Malayalam, produced by Gokulam Gopalan and directed by Vijeesh Mani. The film is shot in a river. Puzhayamma, based on River pollution, is an environmental film; the calamitous 2018 Kerala floods play a major role in this film. Actor Mohanlal released the firstlook poster of the film. Puzhayamma is based on the friendship between a 13-year-old girl Baby Meenakshi and an American tourist Linda Arsenio and the hurdles they had to face, when they tried to save a polluted river. Baby Meenakshi Linda Arsenio Thampi Antony Prakash Chengal Unni Raja Ashly Boban KPAC Leelakrishnan Roji P. Kurian Sanil Paingadan Master Virat Vijeesh Fatima Al Mansoori Acharya Praveen Chauhan Puzhayamma on IMDb