It Came Upon the Midnight Clear
It Came Upon the Midnight Clear — sometimes rendered as It Came Upon a Midnight Clear — is a poem and Christmas carol written by Edmund Sears, pastor of the Unitarian Church in Wayland, Massachusetts. Sears lyrics are most commonly set to one of two melodies, composed by Richard Storrs Willis, or Noel, adapted from an English melody, Edmund Sears composed the five-stanza poem in Common Metre Doubled during 1849. It first appeared on December 29,1849, in the Christian Register in Boston, Sears served the Unitarian congregation in Wayland, Massachusetts before moving on to a larger congregation in Lancaster. After seven years of work, he suffered a breakdown. He wrote It Came Upon the Midnight Clear while serving as a preacher in Wayland. Sears is said to have written these words at the request of his friend, William Parsons Lunt, pastor of United First Parish Church, Massachusetts for Pastor Lunts Sunday School. According to Ken Sawyer, Sears song is remarkable for its focus not on Bethlehem, but on his own time, written in 1849, it has long been assumed to be Sears response to the just ended Mexican–American War.
In 1850, Richard Storrs Willis, a composer who trained under Felix Mendelssohn and this melody is most often set in the key of B-flat major in a six-eight time signature. Carol is the most widely known tune to the song in the United States, in the United Kingdom the tune called Noel, which was adapted from an English melody in 1874 by Arthur Sullivan, is the usual accompaniment. This tune appears as an alternative in The Hymnal 1982, sheet music can be found at IMSLP. ORG for various melodies. The full song comprises five stanzas, some versions, including the United Methodist Hymnal and Lutheran Book of Worship, omit verse three, while others omit verse four. Several variations exist to Sears original lyrics and this song has been included in many of the Christmas albums recorded by numerous singers in the modern era. Johnny Mathis recorded this song on his first Christmas album Merry Christmas, in 1962, Bing Crosby had a medley of Hark. the Herald Angels Sing and this song included on his Christmas album I Wish You a Merry Christmas.
In 1965 Sergio Franchi covered this song in his Billboard Top 40 album The Heart of Christmas, the song is featured on The Ray Price Christmas Album. Richard Carpenter used it as a short a capella intro on the Carpenters 1984 album An Old-Fashioned Christmas, eric Burdon & The Animals recorded the song to the tune of their hit single The House Of The Rising Sun. In 2006, a recording of the song by Daryl Hall & John Oates hit number one on the Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart. Kutless recorded it for WOW Christmas, Highway 101 from the album A Christmas Tradition, as did Josh Groban in Noël, royce Campbell recorded the song on his CD, A Solo Guitar Christmas. In 1981, Swedish singer Stefan Borsch recorded the song in Swedish, in 1992, Sam Phillips recorded a light guitar version of the song for the movie A Midnight Clear
Bob Thompson (musician)
Robert Lamar Bob Thompson was a composer and orchestra leader from the 1950s through the 1980s. Active in Los Angeles, Thompson was a recording artist for RCA Victor and Dot Records, scored film and television soundtracks, Thompson is considered a prime exponent of what has belatedly been termed Space Age Pop, or Space Age Bachelor Pad Music. Thompson was born in San Jose, California, in 1924 and he worked at radio station KGO, San Francisco, writing arrangements for the station orchestra. He spent time in Paris arranging for Jacqueline Francois and Gloria Lasso and he toured as the backing piano accompanist for actress Mae West, and composed music for her song Criswell Predicts, about the flamboyant American psychic, The Amazing Criswell. He composed the theme for the motion picture The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond. He contributed arrangements for the films Picnic, Seven Men from Now, The Long Hot Summer, Thompson received several Clio Awards for excellence in advertising music and a Grammy Award nomination in 1959 for Best Performance by an Orchestra.
Thompsons albums as a bandleader are Just for Kicks, Nice. and On the Rocks, The Sound of Speed, and That Agency Thing. Just For Kicks and Mmm, Nice. were recorded at Radio Recorders in 1958 and 1959 respectively, the Sound of Speed was reissued by itself on CD by Bacchus Archives in 2004 and on vinyl by Sundazed Music in 2010. The three RCA albums were reissued together with tracks by the Spanish reissue label Blue Moon Producciones as a two-CD set in 2011. He died in Los Angeles in 2013, on the Rocks The Sound of Speed That Agency Thing Bob Thompson at the Internet Movie Database Official website Return of a Space Age Swinger, article from Atomic Magazine,2002
Katherine Kennicott Davis
Katherine Kennicott Davis was an American former teacher, who was a classical music composer and author of the famous Christmas tune The Little Drummer Boy. Davis was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, on June 25,1892 and she composed her first piece of music, Shadow March, at the age of 15. She graduated from St. Joseph High School in 1910, in 1914 she won the colleges Billings Prize. After graduation she continued at Wellesley as an assistant in the Music Department, teaching music theory, at the same time she studied at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. Davis studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris and she taught music at the Concord Academy in Concord, and at the Shady Hill School for Girls in Philadelphia. She became a member of ASCAP in 1941. and was granted a doctorate from Stetson University, in DeLand. Katherine K. Davis continued writing music until she became ill in the winter of 1979-1980 and she died on April 20,1980, at the age of 87, in Littleton, Massachusetts. These funds are used to support musical instrument instruction, many of her over 600 compositions were written for the choirs at her school.
She was actively involved in The Concord Series, multiple-volume set of music, many of the musical volumes were compiled and edited by Davis with Archibald T. Davison, and they were published by E. C. Schirmer in Boston. She wrote The Little Drummer Boy, in 1941 and it became famous when recorded by the Harry Simeone Chorale in 1958, the recording sailed to the top of the Billboard charts and Simeone insisted on a writers royalty for his arrangement of the song. Another famous hymn by Katherine Davis is the Thanksgiving hymn Let All Things Now Living which uses the melody of the traditional Welsh folk song The Ash Grove. Birchard Seasonal Anthems for junior choirs, two-part childrens chorus and keyboard,1963, B. F. Wood Music Shepherds, Awake. Mixed voices a cappella,1938, Remick Music Sing Gloria, text by John Crowley, mixed voices, SA duet, Katherine Davis, Composer, At 87, Memorial Service At Wheaton. Miss Davis composed more than 800 selections and secular and her most well-known song is the carol, The Little Drummer Boy, originally published in 1941 as The Carol of the Drum.
She composed songs, seven operas, choruses, Katherine K. Davis and work. Ann Arbor, Thesis, University of Missouri, reprint by University Microfilms, flanagan, A. L. Katherine K. Davis, 1892-1980, The American Organist, p.31. The Hymns of Katherine K. Davis, The Hymn,43, pp. 28–33
What Child Is This?
What Child Is This. is a Christmas carol whose lyrics were written by William Chatterton Dix, in 1865. At the time of composing the carol, Dix worked as a company manager and had been struck by a severe illness. Although it was written in Great Britain, the carol is more popular in the United States than in its country of origin today, the lyrics of the carol are taken from a poem written by Dix called The Manger Throne. The part of the poem that was utilized as the songs lyrics consists of three stanzas in total, the first verse poses a rhetorical question in the first half, with the response coming in the second half. The second verse contains another question that is answered, while the verse is a universal appeal to everyone urging them to accept Christ. The carols melody has been described as soulful and beautiful in nature, the context of the carol centres around the Adoration of the Shepherds, who visited Jesus during his Nativity. The questions posed in the lyrics reflect what the shepherds were possibly pondering to themselves when they encountered him, at the time he was writing the lyrics to What Child Is This.
in 1865, William Chatterton Dix was working as the manager of an insurance company. He was afflicted by an unexpected and severe illness that resulted in him being bedridden and his near-death experience brought about a spiritual renewal in him while he was recovering. During this time, he read the Bible comprehensively and was inspired to author hymns like Alleluia, and As with Gladness Men of Old. The precise time in 1865 when he wrote the poem The Manger Throne is disputed and Stories of the Great Christmas Carols both suggest that Stainer – who was responsible for harmoniz the musical setting – may have done so
Victor Herbert Melodies, Vol. 1
Victor Herbert Melodies, Vol.1 is a studio album featuring five 78 rpm phonograph records celebrating the music of Victor Herbert. The recordings were made in December 1938 by Decca Records, who were aware that a film called The Great Victor Herbert was being made by Paramount Pictures. Victor Young and His Orchestra provided the accompaniment to all of the tracks. These newly issued songs were featured on a 5-disc,78 rpm album set, Disc 1, Disc 2, Disc 3, Disc 4, Disc 5
Patriotic Songs for Children
Patriotic Songs for Children is a compilation album of three 78rpm phonograph records. The recordings are all of American patriotic songs sung by Bing Crosby and these previously issued songs were featured on a 3-disc,78 rpm album set, Decca Album No
Christmas music comprises a variety of genres of music normally performed or heard around the Christmas season. Music was a feature of the Christmas season and its celebrations. The earliest examples are hymnographic works intended for use in observance of both the Feast of the Nativity and Theophany, many of which are still in use by the Eastern Orthodox Church. The 13th century saw the rise of the written in the vernacular. In the Middle Ages, the English combined circle dances with singing, the word carol came to mean a song in which a religious topic is treated in a style that is familiar or festive. From Italy, it passed to France and Germany, and to England, Music in itself soon became one of the greatest tributes to Christmas, and Christmas music includes some of the noblest compositions of the great musicians. During the Commonwealth of England government under Cromwell, the Rump Parliament prohibited the practice of singing Christmas carols as Pagan, like other customs associated with popular Catholic Christianity, it earned the disapproval of Protestant Puritans.
Famously, Cromwells interregnum prohibited all celebrations of the Christmas holiday and this attempt to ban the public celebration of Christmas can be seen in the early history of Father Christmas. The Westminster Assembly of Divines established Sunday as the holy day in the calendar in 1644. The new liturgy produced for the English church recognised this in 1645 and its celebration was declared an offence by Parliament in 1647. There is some debate as to the effectiveness of this ban, Puritans generally disapproved of the celebration of Christmas—a trend which continually resurfaced in Europe and the USA through the eighteenth and twentieth centuries. William Sandyss Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern, contained the first appearance in print of many now-classic English carols, singing carols in church was instituted on Christmas Eve 1880 in Truro Cathedral, England, which is now seen in churches all over the world. Christmas festivities, including music, are celebrated in a more secular fashion by such institutions as the Santa Claus Village, in Rovaniemi.
The tradition of singing Christmas carols in return for alms or charity began in England in the century after the Restoration. Also from the century, there was the English custom, predominantly involving women, of taking a wassail bowl to their neighbours to solicit gifts. The status of Christmas as an important feast within the year means there is a long tradition of music specially composed for celebrating the season. S. This is in due to the efforts of amateur choral societies during the nineteenth century. When it was composed, it was performed during Passiontide, jakub Jan Ryba, Czech Christmas Mass Hey, Master
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, events and it is known for its music charts, including the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows, Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegens interest in 1900 for $500, in the 1900s, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows. It created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegans children, until it was sold to investors in 1985.
The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 1,1894 by William Donaldson, initially, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry and was called Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production, the first issues were just eight pages long. The paper had columns like The Bill Room Gossip and The Indefatigable, a department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896. The title was changed to The Billboard in 1897, after a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegans interest in the business in 1900 for $500, to save it from bankruptcy. That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco, London and he re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment like fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of events in 1901.
Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism, economics and it had a stage gossip column covering the private lives of entertainers, a tent show section covering traveling shows and a sub-section called Freaks to order. According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published articles attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting good taste
Merry Christmas (Bing Crosby album)
Merry Christmas is a compilation album of phonograph records by Bing Crosby, released in 1945 on Decca Records, catalogue A-403. It includes Crosbys signature song White Christmas, the single ever. The original album consisted of ten songs on five 78 records, each one had a holiday theme with the exception of Danny Boy, paired with Ill Be Home for Christmas on its original record. Prior to the long-playing album era, such assemblies were not uncommon for popular music, the 78rpm album quickly reached the top of the Billboard Best-selling popular record albums chart in 1945 and remained there for several weeks. Decca and Crosby undertook the remake with the orchestra and chorus. The original recording of White Christmas to this date, has never been stamped on LP records or 45 rpm singles, the 1955 vinyl LP configuration is the one extant to date, consisting of the entirety of Decca A-550 plus four additional tracks. The Andrews Sisters, often Crosbys recording partners in the 1940s, are featured on the tracks Jingle Bells, Mele Kalikimaka, after the original cast recording to Oklahoma.
Also from Decca Records, released in 1943, the 1955 album configuration has been continually in-print longer than any album in the history of the United States. After the introduction of the LP by Columbia Records in 1948, Decca reissued the eight song Merry Christmas album in the form of a 10-inch LP in 1949, catalogue Decca DL-5019 with its standard brown label. The original 78rpm album cover had a blue background and showed a large black. This was the cover design that had been used on all issues of the 78rpm album. Copies released after 1951 featured a newly designed red and green cover, Merry Christmas was issued as a 45 rpm box set in 1950, catalogue Decca 9-65. In 1952, the 45rpm box was discontinued, replaced by a 2-EP set and this had the same cover as the second version of the 10-inch LP, each 7-inch single had two songs per side, and the sides were numbered 91123 and 91124, respectively. The new songs were Silver Bells and Mele Kalikimaka, both recorded in September 1950, and Its Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas and Christmas in Killarney, the albums track listing was adjusted slightly, with Faith of Our Fathers now preceding Ill Be Home for Christmas.
This issue has remained unchanged to present, first pressings of the album were released on Deccas all-black label with the number in the top left corner of the front cover. This album was exactly duplicated for the 2014 re-issue by Geffen Records, in 1963 the album was made available in electronically re-channeled stereo, Decca DL-78128. Mono copies made after the introduction of stereo have DL-8128 in the left corner of the front cover. All copies from the 1960s feature the Decca rainbow label, the mono version was temporarily deleted in 1968
Cowboy Songs (Bing Crosby album)
Cowboy Songs is a compilation album of phonograph records by Bing Crosby released in 1939 featuring Western songs. Crosby had recorded songs for the first time in 1933. He recorded Home on the Range for the first time also, moving on to the Decca label, Crosby had huge hits with I’m an Old Cowhand, Empty Saddles and Mexicali Rose. He charted with My Little Buckaroo and There’s a Gold Mine in the Sky, that’s how it may have sounded to President Roosevelt, who declared it his favorite song after Home on the Range, Mrs. Roosevelt requested Bing’s record for the Roosevelt Library. These previously issued songs were featured on a 6-disc,78 rpm album set, Disc 1, Disc 2, Disc 3, Disc 4, Disc 5, Disc 6