Cooks Cottage is located in the Fitzroy Gardens, Australia. The cottage was constructed in 1755 in the English village of Great Ayton, North Yorkshire, by the parents of Captain James Cook and Grace Cook. It is a point of conjecture among historians whether James Cook, the navigator, ever lived in the house. In 1933 the owner of the decided to sell it with a condition of sale that the building remain in England. She was persuaded to change England to the Empire, and accepted an Australian bid of £800, by Russell Grimwade, the cottage was deconstructed brick by brick and packed into 253 cases and 40 barrels for shipping on board the Port Dunedin from Hull. Cuttings from ivy that adorned the house were taken and planted when the house was re-erected in Melbourne. Grimwade, a businessman and philanthropist, donated the house to the people of Victoria for the centenary anniversary of the settlement of Melbourne in October 1934. The cottage immediately became a popular tourist attraction, in 1978 further restoration work was carried out on the cottage.
An English cottage garden has been established around the house, further adding to its period reconstruction, very few of the items in the house are from the Cook family, but all are representative furnishings of the period. The cottage features in two scenes of the 2012 movie Any Questions for Ben
Hellenic Museum, Melbourne
The Nafsika Stamoulis Hellenic Museum Limited is a museum in Melbourne, Australia. The museum was founded in 2007 by businessman and philanthropist Spiros Stamoulis and is based in the Melbourne City Centre district at the former Royal Mint building. The Hellenic Museum’s aim is to promote “the celebration, the Museum’s current Chairman Harry Stamoulis has continued his father’s pursuit of cultural partnerships and collaborations through philanthropy in the arts. The Hellenic Museum hosts both temporary and permanent exhibitions and collections, permanent collections and exhibitions include the Mary and Peter Mitrakas Collection of Cypriot Antiquities, the La Trobe University A. In 2013, the Hellenic Museum partnered with the Benaki Museum in Greece to house a permanent collection of antiquities in Melbourne, exhibitions at the Hellenic Museum generally focus around the visual arts, music, history and education. The Hellenic Museum is housed in the former Royal Mint, located on the corner of William, in 1869 the building was established as a branch of the British Royal Mint.
Clark, and providing one of the few examples of the Renaissance Revival style in Australian buildings, the Melbourne Mint’s first coins were struck in 1872. The Mint continued to produce coins and bronze pennies until 1931. The Melbourne Mint officially closed in 1972, the building is actively conserved and heritage listed. Greek Precinct, Melbourne Melbourne City Centre topics
Scienceworks is a world-renowned science museum in Melbourne, Australia. It is a venue of Museum Victoria which administers the cultural and it is located in the suburb of Spotswood. Displays and activities offered by the museum include hands-on experiments, Melbourne Planetarium is housed on site. Until late 2013, the 1883 clock tower from Flinders Street Station was located at the museum, the clock had been moved to Princes Bridge Station in 1905 and Spencer Street Station in 1911, where it remained sold into private ownership after the station redevelopment of 1967
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly 250 groups. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states.
The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, education, economic freedom. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia in 1638, to refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, in 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia. The first official published use of the term Australia came with the 1830 publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch. The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in early 1606, the Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement. William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland in 1688, in 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, in 1803, and it became a separate colony in 1825. The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in 1828.
Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, the Northern Territory was founded in 1911 when it was excised from South Australia
Nonda Katsalidis is a Greek-Australian architect. He is currently a director of architecture firm Fender Katsalidis Architects in partnership with Karl Fender. Nonda Katsalidis was born in 1951 in Athens, Greece and he migrated to Melbourne, Australia when he was five years old, with his two-year-old brother and parents. He graduated from the University of Melbourne with a degree in architecture in 1976, from 1979 until 1983, he practised architecture alone on small projects. Among his earliest works, in 1972, was the Cafe Byzantium at 312 Drummond Street in Carlton Melbourne and he went on to design the nearby Deutscher Gallery and residence at 68 Drummond Street in 1983. In 1984, he designed the award winning Metro Brasserie,41 Bourke Street, the same year, he formed a small practice and in 1990, it had become an established company. In 1992, he gained a degree at RMIT. In 1996, he established Nation Fender Katsalidis, but due to Bob Nations withdrawal from the partnership and he became known for his cutting edge high-rise residential tower designs and became a developer of some of Australias tallest residential buildings, such as the Eureka Tower.
He became an architect and now participates in the financing. The building is listed as one of the Top 20 buildings in Australia of the 20th century by Architecture Australia in the December 1999 edition. Bendigo Art Gallery, Bendigo The Malthouse, Richmond St Leonards Apartments, St Kilda Ian Potter Museum of Art, practice website About the Ian Potter Museum of Art building
Australian Centre for the Moving Image
The Australian Centre for the Moving Image is Australias only national museum of film, video games, digital culture and art – situated at the heart of Melbourne in Federation Square. During the 2013-14 financial year,1.3 million people visited ACMI, ACMI started life as the State Film Centre of Victoria in 1946. In the 1950s, the State Film Centre was involved in producing a number of projects for television and it played a role as an archive of Australian films, such as The Sentimental Bloke and On Our Selection. During the 1960s, the State Film Centre provided advice on film treatments, scripts, in 1969, the centre assumed management of the newly constructed State Film Theatre, providing a facility for exhibiting material not screened in commercial cinemas. In 1988, the State Film Centre Education Program was set up, the program provided screenings for VCE students, based on core texts, and in-service days for their teachers. In 1993, a Victorian state government report reaffirmed the viability of a proposal for an Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Federation Square was to be a new civic space, built above the Jolimont railyards, to mark the celebration of Australias Centenary of Federation.
On 1 January 2002, the Australian Centre for the Moving Image was officially established by the Film Act 2001, the first stage was opened in October, with two exhibitions, Deep Space, Sensation & Immersion and Ngarinyin Pathways Dulwan, running in ACMIs Screen Gallery. A few weeks later, ACMI Cinemas officially opened, in September 2009, the Australian Mediatheque and the Screen Worlds gallery opened. The Screen Worlds exhibition was opened by Cate Blanchett, who loaned her Oscar for best supporting actress for her part as Katharine Hepburn in The Aviator. Screen Worlds, The Story of Film and Digital Culture is a free and permanent exhibition space constructed to educate the public about the moving image, a museum about moving pictures. From 1992, John J. Smithies was Director of the State Film Centre of Victoria, at Cinemedia, Smithies was Deputy Director, with prime responsibility for developing the Australian Centre for the Moving Image. He became the first director and CEO of ACMI in March 2002 and he was responsible for opening the new public facilities in October 2002.
After a period of turmoil, with the organisation over budget, Smithies left ACMI in 2004, tony Sweeney was appointed director and CEO of ACMI in 2005. Before his move to Australia, he had been the Deputy Director of the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television and he directed the Museums Imaging Frontiers masterplan re-development, which generated record visitor numbers and international critical acclaim. The Museum is now seen as one of the leading centres for culture. At ACMI he oversaw record organisational growth and visitation, having spent ten years in the role, Sweeney resigned in order to return to his family in Britain. Katrina Sedgwick took up the position in February 2015, ACMI has two main cinemas that are equipped to play every film and digital video format, with the most extensive projection facilities in the southern hemisphere. THX certified sound systems allow high quality attention to acoustics, Cinema 1 seats 168, and Cinema 2 seats 390
Heide Museum of Modern Art
Heide Museum of Modern Art, or Heide as it is affectionately known, is a State-owned public museum and gallery museum located in Bulleen, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. Established in 1981, the museum comprises three distinct exhibition buildings set within sixteen acres of gardens and a sculpture park. Two domestic buildings of importance, and an additional purpose-built gallery, are used to exhibit works by twentieth-. Heide is unique within the context of Melbourne’s cultural sector as it brings together modern and contemporary art and architecture, as well as a rich social and artistic history. Between 1964 and 1967, the Reeds built a new residence, Heide II, in 1993 a new gallery building was added to the Heide complex, designed by Andrew Andersons from Peddle Thorp Architects. When the museum underwent major redevelopment in 2005–06, significant extensions were made to building by OConnor + Houle Architecture. In 2009 Chris Connell Design and McCorkell Construction completed the new Heide Cafe and this completed the capital works expansion and building upgrades at Heide.
The current Director and CEO of Heide is Dr Natasha Cica, the museum is situated on land originally used by indigenous peoples, a history evident in a distinguished scarred tree at the top of the property, called Yingabeal. In late colonial times through to the twentieth century the site was a grazing property. The original farmhouse was built in the 1880s-1890s, in 1934, the farm was purchased by John and Sunday Reed, passionate supporters and collectors of modern Australian art, who named the property Heide after the nearby town of Heidelberg. After moving into the farmhouse in 1935, they established a private library, including modernist literature, international art books, journals. Nolan, who lived at Heide intermittently for almost a decade, in 1963, the Reeds commissioned Melbourne architect David McGlashan to design a new residence on the property, one that had a sense of mystery and romance, and was a gallery to be lived in. The Reeds moved into Heide II in 1967 and Sunday Reed established the second kitchen garden near the new house, the interior of Heide II was modified in preparation of it opening as a public art gallery in November 1981.
Now Heide Museum of Modern Art operates as a company limited by guarantee, and on behalf of the Victorian Government. Dr Norman Wettenhall was appointed the first Chairman and the Premier of Victoria, maudie Palmer AO was appointed the inaugural Director. On 13 July 2006 the museum officially re-opened after its $3 million dollar renovation and extension, the new buildings were designed by OConnor + Houle Architecture. Heide is situated on a floodplain of the Yarra River in Bulleen. It is bordered to the north-east and east by the Yarra Valley Country Club, to the west and south by Banksia Park, the site borders the Yarra River, at Fannings Bend, in its north-west corner
Melbourne Maritime Museum
The former Melbourne Maritime Museum, now Polly Woodside, managed by the National Trust of Australia, is situated in South Wharf on the Yarra River in the city of Melbourne, Australia. It is home to the Polly Woodside Barque, the now restored cargo vessel launched in 1885, the Polly Woodside vessel resides in an original wooden-walled dry dock. The dry dock was used for the repair and service of ships for over 100 years, historic buildings on the site include a pump house and boiler room for use in pumping water from the dry dock. Shed 2 is home to displays and models of Polly Woodside, the museum is a popular attraction for school children and offers extensive education programs for pruimary and secondary school students. Facilities on the site include the interactive gallery, a souvenir shop, regular events include Pirate Sundays on the first Sunday of every month. Polly Woodside is open for visitors Saturday and Sundays, 10am-4pm, for more information see Polly Woodside or National Trust of Australia.
Polly Woodside - National Trust of Australia Australias Maritime World - Melbourne Maritime Museum
National Sports Museum
The National Sports Museum is a museum dedicated to Australian sport and is located within the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Australia. There are exhibits for sports such as cricket, Australian rules football, the Australian Sports Hall of Fame is located within the museum along with the Australian Racing Museum and the Melbourne Cricket Club museum. The adjoining MCC Museum features exhibitions relating to the history of the Melbourne Cricket Club, on 6 October 2010, the Australian Racing Museum was absorbed into the National Sports Museum, which has now resulted in Horse Racing standing alongside other prominent Australian sports. Before the National Sports Museum opened, the Australian Gallery of Sport, the museum was located in front of the former MCC Members Stand which opened in 1928, which was demolished at the same time as the museum. It initially opened on 22 November 1986 before closing to the public on 4 October 2003. More than 35,000 went through the museum in its final week in operation, media related to National Sports Museum at Wikimedia Commons National Sports Museum official website
University of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is Australias second oldest university and the oldest in Victoria, Times Higher Education ranks Melbourne as 33rd in the world, while the Academic Ranking of World Universities places Melbourne 40th in the world. Melbournes main campus is located in Parkville, a suburb north of the Melbourne central business district. Melbourne is a university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university, there are 12 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty. Amongst Melbournes 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School, four Australian prime ministers and five governors-general have graduated from Melbourne. Nine Nobel laureates have been students or faculty, the most of any Australian university, the university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine and music.
The act provided for an endowment of £9,000. The original buildings were opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry, held the position until his death in 1880, the inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victorias gold rush. The institution was designed to be an influence at a time of rapid settlement. In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the conservative ruling council. The universitys 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003, as of May 2009 the university suspended the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the college and there were fears they may not return under the new curriculum. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the plan for the college in early April 2009. As a result, it is now being called into question whether the university have upheld that agreement, staff at the college responded to the changes, claiming the university did not value vocational arts training, and voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA.
Melbourne University has 12 residential colleges in total, seven of which are located in an arc around the oval at the northern edge of the campus. The other five are located outside of university grounds, the residential colleges aim to provide accommodation and holistic education experience to university students. Several of the earliest campus buildings, such as the Old Quadrangle and Baldwin Spencer buildings, the new Wilson Hall replaced the original building which was destroyed by fire
Victoria is a state in southeast Australia. Victoria is Australias most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall, most of its population is concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australias second-largest city. Prior to British European settlement, the area now constituting Victoria was inhabited by a number of Aboriginal peoples. With Great Britain having claimed the entire Australian continent east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria was included in the wider colony of New South Wales. The first settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, and much of what is now Victoria was included in the Port Phillip District in 1836, Victoria was officially created as a separate colony in 1851, and achieved self-government in 1855. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate, at state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
Victoria is currently governed by the Labor Party, with Daniel Andrews the current Premier, the personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria, currently Linda Dessau. Local government is concentrated in 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, Victorias total gross state product is ranked second in Australia, although Victoria is ranked fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne is home to a number of museums, art galleries and theatres and is described as the sporting capital of Australia. The Melbourne Cricket Ground is the largest stadium in Australia, and the host of the 1956 Summer Olympics, Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, having been founded in 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, who had been on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851.
The first British settlement in the known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. In the year 1826 Colonel Stewart, Captain S. Wright and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. Victorias next settlement was at Portland, on the south west coast of what is now Victoria, edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, from settlement the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after the now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe. And in 1838 Geelong was officially declared a town, despite earlier white settlements dating back to 1826, days later, still in 1851 gold was discovered near Ballarat, and subsequently at Bendigo. Later discoveries occurred at sites across Victoria
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced by artists who are living in the twenty-first century. Contemporary art provides an opportunity to reflect on contemporary society and the relevant to ourselves. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods and subjects that challenge traditional boundaries and defy easy definition. In vernacular English and contemporary are synonyms, resulting in some conflation of the modern art. Some define contemporary art as art produced within our lifetime, recognizing that lifetimes, there is a recognition that this generic definition is subject to specialized limitations. The classification of art as a special type of art, rather than a general adjectival phrase. In London, the Contemporary Art Society was founded in 1910 by the critic Roger Fry and others, as a private society for buying works of art to place in public museums. A number of other institutions using the term were founded in the 1930s, such as in 1938 the Contemporary Art Society of Adelaide, particular points that have been seen as marking a change in art styles include the end of World War II and the 1960s.
There has perhaps been a lack of natural break points since the 1960s, and definitions of what contemporary art in the 2010s vary. Art from the past 20 years is likely to be included, and definitions often include art going back to about 1970, the art of the late 20th and early 21st century. Many use the formulation Modern and Contemporary Art, which avoids this problem, smaller commercial galleries and other sources may use stricter definitions, perhaps restricting the contemporary to work from 2000 onwards. One of the many people have in approaching contemporary artwork is its diversity - diversity of material, subject matter. It is distinguished by the lack of a uniform organizing principle, ideology, or -ism that we so often see in other. Broadly speaking, we see Modernism as looking at modernist principals - the focus of the work is self-referential, Impressionism looks at our perception of a moment through light and color as opposed to attempts at stark realism. Contemporary art, on the hand, does not have one.
Its view, instead, is refracted and multi-faceted, reflecting the diversity of the world today, in all of its complexities, contemporary art reflects life as we know it. It can be, contradictory and open-ended, there are, however, a number of common themes that have appeared in contemporary works. Post-modern, post-structuralist and Marxist theory have played important roles in the development of theories of art