Hannay (TV series)
Hannay was a 1988 ITV television series, a spin-off from the 1978 film version of John Buchan's novel The Thirty-Nine Steps. The film and series starred Robert Powell as Richard Hannay. In the series, Powell reprised the role of Hannay, an Edwardian mining engineer from Rhodesia of Scottish origin, it features his adventures in pre-World War I Great Britain. These stories had little in common with John Buchan's novels about the character, although some character names are taken from his other novels. Robert Powell as Richard Hannay Gavin Richards as Count Von Schwabing Christopher Scoular as Reggie Armitage Jill Meager as Eleanor Armitage The Fellowship of the Black Stone After nearly thirty years in southern Africa, Richard Hannay has achieved recognition as an officer in military intelligence, a mining engineer and a successful prospector. Now he is returning to Britain to seek a home and a quiet life, but Europe is a cauldron of political intrigue and, amongst the old Empires, a new power is making its way—a power that resents Britain's mastery of the waves: Imperial Germany.
Represented in London by the cunning and ruthless Count Von Schwabing, Germany is intent on causing trouble however and wherever she can—and Richard Hannay attracts trouble as a magnet attracts iron-filings! A Point of Honour A chance encounter with a young lady on a train leads Hannay into a strange weekend of mistaken identity and danger.. Voyage into Fear The Governments of Great Britain and Imperial Germany are in a race to arm themselves with modern battleships, but Hannay's arch-enemy Von Schwabing has a plan to ensure that his country is the winner. Death With Due Notice A quiet break in the country turns into a weekend of murder when Richard Hannay and Reggie Armitage discover they are targets for a demented killer. Act of Riot Hannay returns to Scotland to visit the village where he was born, but his arrival brings him into dangerous conflict with the local inhabitants; the Hazard of the Die When Hannay saves the life of a desperate young lady, he little realises how this act of bravery will bring him face-to-face with his arch-enemy Von Schwabing...
Coup de Grace When Richard Hannay meets the beautiful Sybil Verney at a race-meeting, he cannot foresee the web of lies and tragedy in which he will become ensnared. The Terrors of the Earth As tension mounts in Europe, the British Government prepares antidotes against possible germ warfare, Richard Hannay finds himself at the centre of a demonic plot to steal them. Double Jeopardy When Hannay is entrusted with the safe-keeping of a dozen diamonds, he little knows the danger and distress they will bring; the Good Samaritan The pleasures of travelling on the Trans European Express from Venice are relished by celebrities and holiday-makers alike, but for Richard Hannay the journey proves to be a nightmare. That Rough Music On the death of his friend, Pelham Swinburne, Hannay inherits a walking-stick, field glasses and the lighthouse on a Fenland marsh.... But what is he to make of them all? The Confidence Man When an East End gang demand protection money for Sal Alford's music-hall, she turns to Richard Hannay for help...
The Bells of Shoreditch When his goddaughter is jilted on her wedding day, Hannay finds himself searching for not just a missing bridegroom but a shipment of gold. There were the first with six episodes, the second with seven. Though a mixture of studio and location filming, the entire production was shot on videotape rather than the more expensive practice of shooting TV drama location exteriors on 16mm film; this look to the episodes. Hannay was released in a four-disc Region 2 DVD set by Delta Visual Entertainment in February 2006. Hannay was released in a four-disc Region 2 DVD set by Network in September 2016. Hannay at TV.com Hannay on IMDb Hannay at TV.com
Bergerac (TV series)
Bergerac is a British television series set in Jersey, which ran from 18 October 1981 to 26 December 1991. Produced by the BBC in association with the Seven Network, first screened on BBC1, it starred John Nettles as the title character Jim Bergerac, a detective sergeant in Le Bureau des Étrangers, within the States of Jersey Police, but left the force and became a private investigator; the series ran from 1981 to 1991. It was created by producer Robert Banks Stewart after an earlier detective series, starring Trevor Eve, came to an abrupt end. Like Shoestring, the series begins with a man returning to work after a bad period in his life: Eddie Shoestring from a nervous breakdown. Bergerac sometimes deals with controversial topics – for example when an old man is unmasked as a Nazi war criminal his age raised various moral dilemmas. Supernatural elements appear in the series, some episodes end with unpleasant twists, as in "Offshore Trades" and "A Hole In The Bucket"; the theme music, composed by George Fenton, featured a accordion refrain.
The final episode filmed was the 1991 Christmas Special titled "All for Love", set in Bath. The final scene provides a strong hint about Bergerac's future, after Charlie Hungerford recommended Bergerac for a new position heading an expanded Bureau des Étrangers covering the whole of the Channel Islands following its success in Jersey; the show is repeated on channels such as Drama. On 24 February 2014, the BBC started a rerun of the series on daytime afternoons on BBC Two. Jim Bergerac is a complex character, presented by the series as a somewhat unorthodox police officer, he is recovering from alcoholism resulting from an unpleasant divorce. A Jersey native, he returns to the island at the start of the series after recuperating in England from ill health and major surgery on his leg following an accident caused by his drinking prior to an attempted arrest; the accident is shown in episode two as a flashback: Bergerac was swigging brandy during a surveillance when he noticed his suspect and gave chase.
Under the influence of his drinking, he attempted to prevent the man's escape by leaping onto his boat and his leg was crushed against the harbour wall as he slipped back. He was deemed unfit for the force as a result of this accident, but helped his old colleagues out in the formed "Bureau des étrangers" and was posted to that unit. By the end of the series Bergerac has become a private detective. Bergerac's relationships with women are a frequent theme – as a subplot to the main crime investigation. Bergerac's girlfriends include Marianne Bellshade, Susan Young and Danielle Aubry, he has several encounters with ex-wife Deborah. Bergerac drives a burgundy 1947 Triumph Roadster. Two different vehicles were used throughout the series; the original would not always stop when it was supposed to. The replacement was mechanically sound; the main supporting character was Jim Bergerac's former father-in-law Charlie Hungerford. Charlie was a lovable rogue and would-be tycoon involved in shady dealings, but paradoxically something of an innocent.
Bergerac had a good relationship with him, although in the first episode "Picking It Up" they were not on the best of terms. Charlie was involved in all but two of the 87 episodes. Other regular characters in the series included Bergerac's ex-wife and his boss, Superintendent Barney Crozier an Inspector and Chief Inspector. Bergerac had several sidekicks who were detective constables. Bergerac had an ongoing flirtatious relationship with glamorous jewel thief Philippa Vale who went by the nickname of the Ice Maiden. Many well known actors and actresses had minor roles in Bergerac before but at times after rising to fame; these include Julian Glover, Connie Booth, Ray Winstone, Prunella Scales, Louise Lombard, Ronald Pickup, Norman Wisdom, Charles Gray, John Forgeham, Bernard Hepton and Steve McFadden. The series played on its Jersey location and its supposed Frenchness; the early storylines were in and around Jersey, with short scenes shot in England and France. In episodes the action strayed further away from Jersey, was based in France.
As Jersey is a small island, most of the filming locations there can be tracked down with ease. Jim Bergerac and Susan Young's flat was located just above St Aubin, a few doors along from the Somerville Hotel. Jim's original home in the first few series was submerged when the States of Jersey flooded the valley to create the Queen's Valley reservoir in 1991. Plans for this reservoir were referred to at the start of series four, when Bergerac was forced to seek new accommodation because of them, in the process meeting an estate agent who became his lover. One of the main locations of the series achieved notoriety; the "Bureau des Étrangers" was located at Haut de la Garenne, a former ch
New Tricks is a British television procedural crime drama, first broadcast in 2003. In February 2015, BBC One announced the show would end after series 12; the show's title is taken from the proverb "You can't teach an old dog new tricks". The series follows the work of the fictional Unsolved Crime and Open Case Squad of London's Metropolitan Police Service, a squad of retired police officers recruited to re-investigate unsolved crimes. There were cast changes. New Tricks began as a one-off episode broadcast on 27 March 2003; this attracted sufficient viewers for the BBC to commission a series of six episodes, which began on 1 April 2004. Eight-episode series were subsequently commissioned for 2005, 2006 and 2007. A fifth series was commissioned by the BBC after the audience share rose week upon week for the previous series. In 2007, an episode from the fourth series received viewing figures of 9.25 million, becoming the second most-watched programme on BBC One that week, the most-watched New Tricks episode to that point.
The fifth series continued this good run – on two occasions it was the most-watched programme in Britain for the week, the seventh episode gained a new series high rating of 9.36 million—second only to the X Factor that week. The fifth series aired from 7 July to 25 August 2008; the sixth series finished location filming on 8 May 2009 in central London and began airing on 16 July 2009. The opening episode of series six was watched by 8.07 million, despite clashing with Five's The Mentalist and ITV's Living With Michael Jackson. The second episode clashed with The Mentalist and the relaunch of The Bill on ITV, was watched by 7.59 million. Series 7 and 8 were commissioned by the BBC in September 2009, ensuring that the show would run until 2011; the seventh series completed its run on 12 November. The eighth series opened on 4 July 2011 with 9.2 million viewers, the show's highest rating for three years, the first since the fifth series to break the 9 million barrier. The third episode of series 8, "Lost in Translation", was the show's highest rated episode to date with 9.7 million viewers, becoming the most-watched television programme of the week in the UK.
Episode 7, "The Gentleman Vanishes," surpassed this figure with 9.87 million viewers, was again the top programme of the week. The BBC confirmed in September 2011 that a further two series, each of 10 episodes, had been commissioned, to be broadcast in 2012 and 2013. James Bolam, who played the part of Jack Halford, left the show, claiming that it had "become stale", making his final regular appearance in the first episode of Series 9 and a guest appearance in Series 10, episode 8. In the fourth episode, Denis Lawson joined the cast, as the new character of retired DI Steve McAndrew. Prior to the ninth series premiere, both Amanda Redman and Alun Armstrong announced that they would be leaving the show after the 10th series; the first programme of series nine was broadcast on 27 August 2012, gained 8.52 million viewers, the highest rating of the week. Only Fools and Horses actor Nicholas Lyndhurst and former EastEnders actress Tamzin Outhwaite appeared in Series 10, broadcast in Britain between 30 July and 1 October 2013.
The opening episode of the 10th series gained an audience of 8.86 million viewers, making it the 12th most-watched programme of the year. Filming for series 11 began in late 2013, episode 1 was broadcast at 21:00 GMT on BBC One and BBC One HD on 18 August 2014. Ratings fell from season 10 to season 11 when most of the original cast left. A 12th series of the show began filming in the Autumn of 2014, started broadcasting on 4 August 2015, it was revealed that Dennis Waterman would be leaving the series in the early episodes. In February 2015 it was announced, it was shot at West London Film Studios. The series is broadcast in at least 25 countries, is available on DVD and via online streaming. New Tricks was produced by Wall to Wall Television for the BBC between 2003 and 2014, Headstrong Pictures thereafter. In 2011, James Bolam left the show to be replaced by Denis Lawson. In 2012, both Alun Armstrong and Amanda Redman departed to be replaced by Nicholas Lyndhurst and Tamzin Outhwaite, respectively.
In September 2014, Dennis Waterman announced that he would be leaving the show after filming two episodes of the next series. Larry Lamb replaced him for the rest of the final series. Roy Mitchell, creator of the series, being a supporter of the English football team West Bromwich Albion, named numerous characters after past and then-current players; the original three main male characters derived their names from the club's oldest stand, "The Halfords Lane Stand", at The Hawthorns football ground in West Bromwich. The theme tune of the programme is sung by cast member Dennis Waterman; the song is "It's Alright". Production music was composed by father and son team Brian and Warren Bennett with technical assistance from Olivia Davies; the British release of the first season DVD contains a cover version of "End of the Line" sung by Dennis Waterman at the end of the pilot episode. Series 1 to 12 of New Tricks are available on DVD on Region 2; these titles are distributed by Acorn Media UK. New Tricks at BBC Programmes New Tricks on IMDb New Tricks at Wall To Producers.
New Tricks at BBC Worldwide Americas, Distributor for United States
The English people are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn, their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, the majority of people living there are British citizens; the English descend from two main historical population groups – the earlier Celtic Britons and the Germanic tribes who settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans: the Angles, Saxons and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become the Kingdom of England by the early 10th century, in response to the invasion and minor settlement of Danes beginning in the late 9th century; this was followed by the Norman Conquest and limited settlement of Anglo-Normans in England in the latter 11th century. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Over the years, English customs and identity have become closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth; the English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire; the concept of an'English nation' has become popular after the devolution process in Scotland and Northern Ireland resulted in the four nations having semi-independent political and legal systems. Although England itself has no devolved government, the 1990s witnessed a rise in English self-consciousness; this is linked to the expressions of national self-awareness of the other British nations of Wales and Scotland – which take their most solid form in the new devolved political arrangements within the United Kingdom – and the waning of a shared British national identity with the growing distance between the end of the British Empire and the present.
Many recent immigrants to England have assumed a British identity, while others have developed dual or mixed identities. Use of the word "English" to describe Britons from ethnic minorities in England is complicated by most non-white people in England identifying as British rather than English. In their 2004 Annual Population Survey, the Office for National Statistics compared the ethnic identities of British people with their perceived national identity, they found that while 58% of white people in England described their nationality as "English", the vast majority of non-white people called themselves "British". It is unclear. In the 2001 UK census, respondents were invited to state their ethnicity, but while there were tick boxes for'Irish' and for'Scottish', there were none for'English', or'Welsh', who were subsumed into the general heading'White British'. Following complaints about this, the 2011 census was changed to "allow respondents to record their English, Scottish, Northern Irish, Irish or other identity."
Another complication in defining the English is a common tendency for the words "English" and "British" to be used interchangeably outside the UK. In his study of English identity, Krishan Kumar describes a common slip of the tongue in which people say "English, I mean British", he notes that this slip is made only by the English themselves and by foreigners: "Non-English members of the United Kingdom say'British' when they mean'English'". Kumar suggests that although this blurring is a sign of England's dominant position with the UK, it is "problematic for the English when it comes to conceiving of their national identity, it tells of the difficulty that most English people have of distinguishing themselves, in a collective way, from the other inhabitants of the British Isles". In 1965, the historian A. J. P. Taylor wrote, "When the Oxford History of England was launched a generation ago, "England" was still an all-embracing word, it meant indiscriminately Wales. Foreigners indeed continue to do so.
Bonar Law, by origin a Scotch Canadian, was not ashamed to describe himself as "Prime Minister of England" Now terms have become more rigorous. The use of "England" except for a geographic area brings protests from the Scotch."However, although Taylor believed this blurring effect was dying out, in his book The Isles, Norman Davies lists numerous examples in history books of "British" still being used to mean "English" and vice versa. In December 2010, Matthew Parris in The Spectator, analysing the use of "English" over "British", argued that English identity, rather than growing, had existed all along but has been unmasked from behind a veneer of Britishness. David Reich's laboratory found that 90% of Britain's Neolithic gene pool was overturned by a population from North Continental Europe characterized by the Bell Beaker culture around 1200BC who carried a large amount of Yamnaya ancestry from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, including the R1b Haplogroup; this population lacked genetic affinity to other Bell Beaker populations, such as the Iberian Bell Beakers, but appeared to be an offshoot of the Corded Ware single grave people
Doctors (2000 TV series)
Doctors is a continuing British medical soap opera which first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 26 March 2000. Set in the fictional Midlands town of Letherbridge, defined as being in the city of Birmingham, the soap follows the lives of the staff of both a NHS Doctor's surgery and University Campus Surgery, as well as their families and friends. Doctors is produced by BBC Birmingham and is screened on BBC One, with the first episode broadcast on 26 March 2000, it was created with Mal Young developing it and Carson Black the original producer. The show has been shown at lunchtime since its inception at 12:30pm as a lead-in to the BBC's One O'Clock News. After it was temporarily moved to allow for extended news coverage of the 11 September 2001 attacks, its regular slot changed to 2:10pm, following directly after Neighbours, after ratings rose to a 25% audience share; when the BBC lost Neighbours to Channel 5 in January 2008, it moved into the Australian soap's old slot of 1:45pm.
For a brief trial period in Summer 2000, selected episodes from the first series were shown on Fridays at 7:00pm and from 16 February 2009, the show began transmitting in high definition on BBC HD at 4:00pm the same day. Doctors was produced and broadcast in blocks of episodes, ranging from blocks of 40 to 130 episodes in the first three years. For example, from season five in 2002 until January 2007, Doctors took lengthy breaks in transmission over the Summer for six weeks, to accommodate the length of transmission. However, the series' audience has developed and increased, prompting the BBC to commission Doctors as a year-round continuing series; the show breaks in the summer for the Wimbledon Championships held for two weeks, broadcasting of the Olympic Games and Easter period holidays and for bank holidays the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship. On 26 March 2010, Doctors celebrated its 10th Anniversary and 1800th episode. Under the title Decade of Doctors, the BBC aired five-minute programmes about the show after each day's episode during the anniversary week.
On 16 February 2011, Doctors aired its 2,000th episode, extended and ran for 60 minutes. From 17 September 2012 for 5 days, special red button episodes aired after the regular show, focusing on the conclusion of the Harrison Kellor storyline, exploring Elaine Cassidy and her dealing with Harrison's change of plea for Lauren Porter's murder. On 10 September 2015, Doctors aired its 3,000th episode, The Heart of England, extended and ran for 60 minutes; until mid-2004, Doctors was filmed at the BBC's Pebble Mill studios in Birmingham. The show utilised space occupied by Pebble Mill at One; as Studio A had been mothballed a year before production started, the existing building had to be utilised for the show. The Pebble Mill foyer was used as a street frontage and sets such as the police station and The Lether Bar used other areas of the studio complex alongside the Riverside surgery. In the storyline, The Best Practice was introduced. Real houses were used for the homes of patients. After the closure of Pebble Mill, BBC Birmingham moved to a much smaller production base in Birmingham City Centre which had no studio space for the show.
In light of this, the show moved to the new BBC Drama Village development in Selly Oak, with the transition between locations achieved on screen by an explosion destroying the Riverside Health Centre, named after the series' original production home. Alongside the surgery, other regular locations include the police station, The Icon Bar and, since 2008, The Campus Surgery, after a storyline saw the practice take over the surgery at the fictional University of Letherbridge; the show's storylines dealt with the lives of staff and patients at the fictional Riverside Health Centre and its secondary location, The Best Practice. More stories are based on the replacement Mill Health Centre and Campus Surgery; the format of each episode sees the doctors and nurses of the practice meeting their patients both at the surgeries and on house calls and dealing with their medical complaint, alongside the continuing storylines. During the early years, many storylines revolved around the lead character of'Mac' and his complicated family life.
He rekindles his romance with his first wife, Julia Parsons, embarking on an affair with her, which leads to the departure of his second wife, Kate. Julia replaces Kate as practice manager.'Mac' remarries Julia. Their adult children appear in a number of storylines, including one where sexual assault is alleged against Liam McGuire; the marriage breaks down again. As'Mac' prepares to depart it is revealed that he has been having another affair, with his former second wife, who makes a brief reappearance as part of his exit storyline. In 2007, when more episodes were shown and there were fewer breaks in transmission, more storylines happened, including: receptionist Donna Parmar's breaking patient confidentiality and her sacking from the Mill, Dr Nick West's car crash and death and receptionist Vivien March's rape in 2008, which caused a stir in the media and received recognition at The British Soap Awards in 2009. With the departure of Dr Joe Fenton a new doctor was introduced, Dr Daniel Granger, the nephew of Dr Fenton.
One of the first storylines for the character involved his gambling addiction. 2009 saw the departure of long-standing major characters Ronnie and Bracken Woodson. In 2011, Black Country receptionist Karen Hollins fell pregnant and had an abortion, which saw a breakdown in her relationship with husband Rob
One Foot in the Grave
One Foot in the Grave is a British television sitcom written by David Renwick. There were six series and seven Christmas specials over a period of eleven years from early 1990 to late 2000; the first five series were broadcast between January 1990 and January 1995. For the next five years, the show appeared only as Christmas specials, followed by one final series in 2000; the series features the exploits of Victor Meldrew, played by Richard Wilson and his long-suffering wife, played by Annette Crosbie. Wilson turned down the part of Meldrew and David Renwick considered Les Dawson for the role, until Wilson changed his mind; the programmes invariably deal with Meldrew's battle against the problems. Set in a typical suburb in southern England, Victor takes involuntary early retirement, his various efforts to keep himself busy, while encountering various misfortunes and misunderstandings are the themes of the sitcom. Indoor scenes were filmed at BBC Television Centre with most exterior scenes filmed on Tresillian Way in Walkford, Hampshire.
Despite its traditional production, the series subverts its domestic sitcom setting with elements of black humour and surrealism. The series was the subject of controversy for some of its darker story elements, but received a number of awards, including the 1992 BAFTA for Best Comedy; the programme came 80th in the British Film Institute's 100 Greatest British Television Programmes. The series shown on BBC One, is now available on DVD and is repeated in the United Kingdom. Four episodes were remade for BBC Radio 2; the series inspired a novel, published in 1992, featuring the most memorable moments from the first two series and the first Christmas special. The series features the exploits and mishaps of irascible early retiree Victor Meldrew, who after being made redundant from his job as a security guard, finds himself at war with the world and everything in it. Meldrew, cursed with misfortune and always complaining, is married to long-suffering wife Margaret, left exasperated by his many misfortunes.
Amongst other witnesses to Victor's wrath are tactless family friend Jean Warboys and next-door couple Patrick and Pippa Trench. Patrick discovers Victor in inexplicably bizarre or compromising situations, leading him to believe that he is insane; the Meldrews' neighbour on the other side, overly cheery charity worker Nick Swainey adds to Victor's frustration. Although set in a traditional suburban setting, the show subverts this genre with a strong overtone of black comedy. Series One's "The Valley of Fear" is an episode which caused controversy, when Victor finds a frozen cat in his freezer. Writer David Renwick combined farce with elements of tragedy. For example, in the final episode, Victor is killed by a hit-and-run driver and although there is no explicit reference that Victor and Margaret had children, the episode "Timeless Time" contained a reference to someone named Stuart. A number of episodes were experimental in that they took place in one setting; such episodes include: Victor and Mrs Warboys stuck in a traffic jam.
Despite Margaret's frequent exasperation with her husband's antics, the series shows that the couple have a deep affection for one another. This is demonstrated several times throughout the series. Victor Meldrew – Victor is the main protagonist of the sitcom and finds himself battling against all that life throws at him as he becomes entangled in complicated misfortunes and farcical situations. Renwick once pointed out in an interview that the name "Victor" was ironic, since he always ends up a loser. From being buried alive to being prosecuted for attacking a feisty pit bull terrier with a collection of coconut meringues, Victor tries to adjust to life after an automatic security system made him redundant at the office where he worked as a security guard, but to no avail, he believes that everything is going wrong for him all the time and he has the right to be upset because it is always someone else's fault. Victor does not see himself as retired and is always trying to find another job, but all his attempts end in failure.
Victor is a tragic comedy character and sympathy is directed towards him as he becomes embroiled in complex misunderstandings, bureaucratic vanity and, at times, sheer bad luck. The audience sees a philosophical ebb to his character, along with a degree of optimism, yet his polite façade collapses when events get the better of him and a full verbal onslaught is forthcoming. "Victor-isms" include "I do not believe it!", "I don't believe it!", "Un-be-lievable!", "What in the name of bloody hell?", "In the name of sanity!". Despite his grumpy demeanor Victor isn't devoid of compassion—in "Hearts of Darkness" he liberates elderly nursing home residents that were being mistreated by the staff and in "Descent Into The Maelstrom" he calls the incident room number and gives the location of an disturbed girl that abducted a baby and stole Margaret's pearl earrings, which resulted in the girl getting picked up by the police. However, because the girl was a friend of Margaret's and knowing she meant a lot to her, Victor never said anything.
Victor has shown a vast amount of loyalty to Margaret as, throughout their entire 42 years of lifelong marriage together, not once has the thought of infidelity occurred to him. I
A View from the Bridge
A View from the Bridge is a play by American playwright Arthur Miller. It was first staged on September 29, 1955, as a one-act verse drama with A Memory of Two Mondays at the Coronet Theatre on Broadway; the run was unsuccessful, Miller subsequently revised the play to contain two acts. The two-act version premiered in the New Watergate theatre club in London's West End under the direction of Peter Brook on October 11, 1956; the play is set in 1950s America, in an Italian-American neighborhood near the Brooklyn Bridge in New York. It employs a narrator in the character of Alfieri. Eddie, the tragic protagonist, has an improper love of, obsession with, his wife Beatrice's orphaned niece, so he does not approve of her courtship of Beatrice's cousin Rodolpho. Miller's interest in writing about the world of the New York docks originated with an unproduced screenplay that he developed with Elia Kazan in the early 1950s that addressed corruption on the Brooklyn docks. Kazan directed On the Waterfront, which dealt with the same subject.
Miller said that he heard the basic account that developed into the plot of A View from the Bridge from a lawyer who worked with longshoremen, who related it to him as a true story. The action is narrated by Alfieri who, being raised in 1900s Italy but now working as an American lawyer, represents the "Bridge" between the two cultures. Act 1 – In the opening speech Alfieri describes the violent history of the small Brooklyn community of Red Hook and tells us that the second-generation Sicilians are now more civilized, more American, are prepared to "settle for half" and let the law handle their disputes, but there are exceptions, he begins to narrate the story of Eddie Carbone, an Italian American longshoreman who lives with his wife Beatrice and her orphaned niece Catherine. Eddie is a good man who, although ostensibly protective and fatherly towards Catherine, harbours a growing passion for her as she approaches her 18th birthday. We learn. Catherine is studying to become a stenographer and Eddie objects to her taking a job she has been offered until she finishes her coursework, expressing a dislike for the way she dresses and the interest she is beginning to show in men.
Beatrice persuades Eddie to let her take the job. Eddie returns home one afternoon with the news that Beatrice's two cousins, brothers Marco and Rodolpho, have safely arrived in New York as illegal immigrants, he has agreed to house them saying. Marco is quiet and thoughtful, possessing a remarkable strength, whereas Rodolpho is more unconventional, with plans to make a career singing in America. Marco has a family starving in Italy and plans to return after working illegally for several years, whereas Rodolpho intends to stay. Although Eddie and Catherine are at first excellent hosts, cracks appear when Rodolpho and Catherine begin dating. Eddie convinces himself that Rodolpho is homosexual and is only expressing interest in Catherine so he can marry her and gain status as a legal citizen, he confronts Catherine with his beliefs and she turns to Beatrice for advice. Beatrice, starting to realize Eddie's true feelings, tells her that she should marry Rodolpho and move out. In the meantime, Eddie turns to Alfieri.
However, Alfieri tells him that the only recourse he has is to report Rodolpho and Marco as undocumented. Seeing no solution to his problem, Eddie becomes desperate and takes his anger out on Rodolpho and, in teaching him to box,'accidentally' injures him. Marco reacts by threatening Eddie, showing his strength by holding a heavy chair above Eddie's head with one hand and'smiling with triumph'. Act 2 – A few months have passed and Eddie reaches a breaking point when he discovers that Catherine and Rodolpho have slept together and are intent on marrying. Drunk, he kisses Catherine and attempts to prove that Rodolpho is gay by and passionately kissing him also. After a violent confrontation, Eddie orders Rodolpho to leave the apartment. Eddie visits Alfieri and insists that the kiss has proved Rodolpho is gay and that he is only marrying Catherine for citizenship, but once again Alfieri says the law cannot help. Out of desperation, Eddie phones immigration services but in the meantime Beatrice has arranged for Marco and Rodolpho to move in with two other undocumented immigrants in the flat above.
Eddie learns that Catherine and Rodolpho have arranged to marry within a week and about the two new immigrants that have moved into the building and, with both anger and fright, frantically urges Catherine and Beatrice to move them out. When immigration officials arrive and arrest Marco and the two other immigrants, Eddie pretends that the arrest comes as a complete surprise to him, but Beatrice and Marco see through this. Marco accuses Eddie of killing his starving children. Eddie tries to convince the neighborhood of his innocence but they turn away from him. Alfieri visits Marco and Rodolpho in custody, obtaining their release on bail until their hearing comes up. Alfieri explains that Rodolpho will be able to stay once he has married Catherine but warns Marco that he will have to return to Italy. Vengeful, Marco confronts Eddie publicly on his release, Eddie turns on him with a knife, demanding that he take back his accusations and restore his honour. In the ensuing scuffle, Eddie is stabbed with his own knife and dies, as his stunned family and neighbours stand around.
When he witnesses Eddie's death, Alfieri trembles, because he realises that, e