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Former ianjo in Shanghai.

Ianjo (慰安所) is a military brothel, established by Japanese during World War II. First ianjo was founded in Shanghai, China.[1] Based on these estimates, most international media sources quote about 200,000 young women were kidnapped by Japanese soldiers to serve in military brothels; the BBC quotes "200,000 to 300,000", and the International Commission of Jurists quotes "estimates of historians of 100,000 to 200,000 women."[2]


  1. ^ Dikmansyah, Dwi (May 1, 2014). "Potret Jugun Ianfu Budak Seks Tentara Jepang". siagaindonesia.com.
  2. ^ "An estimated 200,000 to 300,000 women across Asia, predominantly Korean and Chinese, are believed to have been forced to work as sex slaves in Japanese military brothels", BBC 2000-12-08;
    "Historians say thousands of women; as many as 200,000 by some accounts; mostly from Korea, China and Japan worked in the Japanese military brothels", Irish Examiner 2007-03-08;
    AP 2007-03-07;
    CNN 2001-03-29.