Recalde is the seventh district of the city of Bilbao, in the Spanish Basque Country. It is divided into the following neighborhoods: Amezola, Iturrigorri-Peñascal, Rekaldeberri-Larraskitu and Uretamendi; the meaning of Errekalde in Basque is'near the creek'. In 2016 the district's population was 47,245 in an area of 6.96 square kilometers
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Santutxu is a neighbourhood in Bilbao that belongs to the 4th urban district, named Begoña. It is a popular residential neighbourhood which has a significant number of small businesses and has received some waves of immigration in the last years Romanians; the Begoña district consists of three neighbourhoods: Begoña and Bolueta. It's a popular myth among locals that Santutxu is the most densely populated neighbourhood in Europe. However, according to the latest research on the subject and the data from the Bilbao City Council, Santutxu has the third most densely populated sq/km in Europe, with about 41.378 residents per sq/km, when considering districts of a certain size. Therefore, Santutxu comes in third place only after L'Hospitalet de Llobregat in Catalonia and Goutte D'Or in Paris, with neighbourhoods which have more than 50.000 residents per sq/km. Santutxu, owes its name to a hermitage, dedicated to Francisco de Paula; this hermitage was founded in 1737 by Francisco Fernando de Barrenechea among others, was built with the sole purpose of enabling its colonists to hear masses without moving to Begoña church.
Since both the hermitage and the Saint figure inside were small sized, it was popularly given the name Santutxu, Santuchu in Spanish. Moreover, the word Santutxu is the result of the union of two basque words, santu which means holy in basque and txu, a diminutive suffix in basque. In those first years, every second of April was celebrated in honor of San Francisco de Paula with a Major Mass of great solemnity. Representatives of the Hall of the República de Begoña would attend this event, as well as members of the clergy that would take part in every religious event back in those days, where rockets, drumming and of course, a typical homemade Basque wine named txakoli or chacolí in Spanish, were the order of the day. In 1925, the church of Begoña was annexed to Bilbao. In the 20th century it went from being a semi-rural zone with great sandlots, to a populated neighbourhood after the building and demographic growth of the 1960s. Luis Briñas Public school is a detached building in Santutxu, located on Iturriaga street, near the Campa de Basarrate.
It is monumentally protected and was designed by the architect Pedro Ispizua Susunaga, who designed the del Tigre, the Mercado de la Ribera, the pergola of Parque Casilda Iturrizar or the Kiosco del Arenal. In Santutxu, according to the Bilbao Hall census data of 2008, there are 33,346 inhabitants. Javier Calle, journalist and TV host. Javier Salgado, player for Bilbao Basket of CB Estudiantes and Lagun Aro Bruesa Gipuzkoa Basket Ibai Gómez, player for Deportivo Alavés. Aitor Mazo, actor. "Santutxu pintxotan" is a gastronomic event and contest for catering professionals from Santutxu which takes place once a year in some bars of the neighbourhood."Premios Santutxu y más" is an event created by the journal of the neighbourhood to give awards to those relevant people, organisations or entities that have appeared in its pages during the last year. Santutxu families' association, created in 1967. Santutxu FC: Santutxu football team. Storekeepers' association Begoña's teenager area: Free time area for teenagers from Santutxu, Begoña and Bolueta neighbourhoods Social center for the Santutxu elderly "Bizit Santutxu": Associative project of crowdfunding, which seeks sponsorships for the neighbourhood's sports clubs, but to foment the consumption in local shops.
There are two underground stations: Santutxu station, which has two way out, one in Karmelo street and another one in Zabalbide street. Basarrate station which has the way out in Basarrate square
Not to be confused with the metropolitan area of Bilbao, which includes this region. Greater Bilbao is an administrative division of the province of Biscay, in the Basque Country, Spain, it is one of the most populated one. The capital city of Greater Bilbao is Bilbao. Greater Bilbao is made by the municipalities situated along the Estuary of Bilbao which themselves form a conurbation, which metropolitan area is the fifth most populous in Spain. Greater Bilbao, or Bilboaldea, is located at the northwest of the province of Biscay, limiting with the comarcas of Enkarterri in the west and Busturialdea in the east, Durangaldea in the southeast and Arratia-Nerbioi in the south; the Bay of Biscay limits at north. Greater Bilbao can be divided into six subregions: The city of Bilbao; the left bank: Traditionally an industrial and manufacturing zone. It includes Barakaldo, Sestao and Santurtzi; the right bank: A residential area, including Erandio and the more affluent Getxo. The mining zone, where the main iron ore resources were located: Muskiz, Ortuella Txoriherri, wide expansion zone where the international airport and the University of the Basque Country are located.
Hego Uribe, including Basauri and Arrigorriaga. Uribe-Kosta: the coastal area north of Getxo is being integrated into the metropolitan area in the recent years, with the development of low density residential areas connected by the metro. Greater Bilbao is divided into 25 municipalities, being Bilbao the capital city; the 25 municipalities, among some others, make the Metropolitan Area of Bilbao. Bilbao metropolitan area Bilbao Bilbao la Vieja Biscay Comarca del Gran Bilbao. Comarca del Gran Bilbao Bilbao Ría 2000. Bilbao Metrópoli-30
Atxuri is a neighborhood of Bilbao. It was a suburb south of the old walled town. Modernly it stands between this neighborhood and those of Solokoetxe and the estuary of Bilbao. Administratively, it belongs to the 5th district of the city, it hosts Bilbao-Atxuri Station, the main EuskoTren railway station, that links Bilbao with San Sebastián and Bermeo
Otxarkoaga-Txurdinaga is the third district of the city of Bilbao, in the Spanish Basque Country. It is divided into the neighbourhoods of Txurdinaga, it has an area of 389.94 hectares and a population of 26,458 inhabitants, being one of the least densely populated districts of the city. These two neighbourhoods were part of the old parish of Begoña. In these areas existed vineyards for the elaboration of the traditional Txakoli white wine, this has given the inhabitants the nickname of Matxorris, from Basque language Mahats=grape and orri=plant; the Bilbobus and BizkaiBus bus lines have stops in the district. An EuskoTren rapid transit line will be built through the district, connecting it to the underground network
Begoña or more puristically but more spelled Begoina, meaning'the lower foot', is a historical municipality of Biscay, incorporated to Bilbao in 1925. It included all the uplands south and east of the medieval walled town, that now form the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and parts of 5th urban districts of Bilbao. Nowadays the name is limited to the district including Santutxu and Begoña proper, a small residential neighbourhood between the Basilica and the garden area of Etxebarria Park. A notable person with this given name is a Spanish Olympic judoka. Due to its association with a church dedicated to Our Lady of Begoña, the name of the neighbourhood is a popular name of women in the Basque Country