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Iban language

The Iban language is spoken by the Iban, a branch of the Dayak ethnic group known as "Sea Dayak" who live in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan and in Brunei. It belongs to Malayic languages a Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family, is related to Malay, more to Sarawakian Malay, it is thought that the homeland of the Malayic languages is in western Borneo, where the Ibanic languages remain. The Malayan branch represents a secondary dispersal from central Sumatra but also from Borneo; the language is taught to students in rural areas with a majority Iban population, including Baleh, Sri Aman, Lubok Antu, Pelagus and Julau. The Iban can be subdivided into different sub-ethnic groups, each of which speak in different dialects; the most formal and working dialect is the Saribas dialect, Betong and Saratok. Others such as Balau, Ulu Ai, Rejang are mutually intelligible throughout the Sarawak region; the exception is the Iban Remun/milikin dialect, still understood by Ibans from other districts.

In West Kalimantan, dialects such as Bugau, Mualang, Chengkang and Dau are more disparate. -Sample phases in Iban Remun- Entai ku ngilau - "Nadai aku meda." Entauk ku badak - "Enda ku nemu." Vowel sounds are nasalized. Although the Iban language is presently written using the Latin alphabet, an Iban syllabary was devised by Dunging anak Gunggu, who spent fifteen years from 1947 to 1962 devising the script. Twenty generations before Dunging, which would represent 400–600 years, an ancestor named Renggi devised a script, but it was lost in a flood; the Iban syllabary is published but is not distributed. In 2010, extending Dunging's work, Dr Bromeley Philip of Universiti Teknologi MARA Sarawak developed computer fonts for the Iban alphabet, called LaserIban, his aim is to help preserve the Iban alphabet in digital form in the modern world. The LaserIban is available for Windows and Macintosh computers and is cross-platform compatible; the prefix is used to show something action to be. The prefix is put in front of the verb.

There are many prefixes used in Iban language. For example, gagai used in many style of prefix base on condition of the word. Gagai = chase begagai = Chasing/playing with each other begagaika = Chasing something/someone ngagai = to chase digagai = being chased by dipegagaika = being chased by many pengagai = chaser tegagaika = outrun/outpaceThere are four types of affixes in Iban language, namely prefixes, suffixes and infixes. Other examples: Sayau - Love Dikesayauka - Was loved by Penyayau - Affection Kiruh - Busy Ngiruhka - to make someone busy Pengiruh - preoccupied Pengiruh-ngiruh - preoccupied Enjuk - give Berenjuk - giving each other ngenjuk Dienjuk - gave Deka ngenjuk - will be given Pengenjuk - giver Kangau - call Bekangau - calling each other Ngangau - calling Dikangau - was called Deka dikangau - will be called Pengangau - caller Iban has separate words for inclusive and exclusive we, distinguishes singular and plural. Sample Ke nuan - "for you" Ke aku - "for me" Ke kami - "for us" Bup aku - "My book" Bakih aku - "My friend" Apai aku - "My father" Gamal nuan - "Your look" Sulu nuan - "Your beloved" Sekula kami - "Our school" Ke pangan aku -"for my beloved" Ke anak aku - "for my child" Ari indai di - "From your mother" Ari bakih aku - "From my friend"Mostly pronouns are put after subjects Sample phases: baju tu engku - "This shirt is mine."

Tu enggi nuan - "This is yours" Siti nyin enggi tua - "That one belongs to both of us" There are three demonstrative determiners in Iban. Tu "this, these" is used for a noun, near to the speaker, nya "that, those" is used for a noun, far from the speaker and "Nyin", the furthest from the speaker; these words can act as demonstrative pronouns where they can stands on theirs own, replacing rather than modifying a noun. Example: Nyamai tu. - This is good. Ok meh nya. - That's Ok. Peda di nyin dih. - Look at that. In Iban, demonstrative pronouns are words that show which person or thing is being referred in relation to the location of the addressee to the speaker. There are three demonstrative pronouns in Iban depending on location to the speaker, they can not be used to refer to inanimate objects. Examples: Nama gaga iya tu baka nya? - Why is this person acting in such a way? Kini ke iya nya tadi? - Where is he going? Ni iya nyin tadi dih? - Where is the other one?. Demonstrative adverbs in Iban are related to the demonstrative pronouns in Iban grammar.

For example, corresponding to the demonstrative pronouns are the adverbs such as kitu and kin equivalent adverbs corresponding to the demonstrative pronoun this are tu, nya and nyin. Examples: Kitu nuan. - Come here. Kini di kia? - Why are you going there? Aram kin tua. - Let's go there. Examples: Aku nganti nuan ditu. - I wait for you here. Aku nganti nuan dia. - I wait for you there. (Not far from the

Guyana at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Guyana competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, from 5 to 21 August 2016. This was the nation's seventeenth appearance at the Summer Olympics as an independent state, although it had represented in five other editions under the name British Guiana. Guyana joined the African-led boycott of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. Guyana Olympic Association sent a team of six athletes, three per gender, to compete only in track and field and swimming at the Games, matching its roster size with London 2012. Track sprinter Winston George was the only Guyanese athlete to have represented at the previous Games, with the rest of the field making their Olympic debut in Rio de Janeiro. Other notable athletes featured world-ranked triple jumper Troy Doris and 19-year-old butterfly swimmer Hannibal Gaskin, who led the team by carrying the Guyanese flag at the opening ceremony. Guyana, failed to win its first Olympic medal, since the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, where Michael Anthony took the bronze in men's bantamweight boxing.

Unable to end his nation's 36-year drought on the podium, Doris produced a best result for Guyana at these Games, finishing seventh in the men's triple jump final. Guyanese athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsWomen Track & road events Guyana has received a Universality invitation from FINA to send two swimmers to the Olympics. Guyana at the 2015 Pan American Games Guyana at the 2016 Summer Olympics at SR/Olympics

Blue Island–Vermont Street station

Blue Island–Vermont Street is a Metra station in Blue Island, servicing the Rock Island District and Metra Electric Lines. On the Rock Island, it is 16.4 miles from LaSalle Street Station. For the Metra Electric, it is the southern terminus of the Blue Island Branch; the two stations share the same bus connections. Although these two stations are across the street from each other and trains do not use the same platform areas, the proximity of the two to each other functionally allows riders to transfer from one to the other with only a short walk between them. Blue Island-Vermont Street is one of the busiest stations on the Rock Island District, it is the centerpiece of the entire line and presently. Many trains terminate here, most of them locals on the Beverly Branch, most rush hour trains stop at this station, running express to and from this station. A coach yard is located just north of the station and is used to store out-of-service trains when not in use. Vermont Street is a favorite of railfans due to its unique four-track setup, frequent train action, switching movements.

On in the day, Iowa Interstate Railroad runs a daily freight train along the Rock Island tracks, from Blue Island to Council Bluffs, Iowa. For this reason, this daily freight train is named the BICB. Blue Island's police and fire departments are located several blocks away from Vermont Street. Blue Island–Vermont Street Station is in zone D of Metra's zone-based fare system. Rock Island service was established in Blue Island in 1852, the current brick station at Vermont Street replaced the original frame depot in 1868; the Beverly Branch splits from the main line here and runs at the base of the ridge serving stations in Blue Island and the Chicago neighborhoods of Morgan Park and Beverly before veering east to serve Brainard and reconnecting to the main line at the Gresham station at 87th and Vincennes. This branch line was created in 1889 through the influence of the Blue Island Land and Building Company to serve its interests in the development of what was the village of Morgan Park and carries most of the passenger traffic for the area, although some rush-hour trains travel north-east on the main line.

In 1891, the Metra Electric station was built as a branch of the Illinois Central's commuter line from Kensington-115th Street. On July 12, 1971 the station began service to Amtrak trains. By the 1980s, the station became part of the Metra system; the station has six tracks for in-service trains, four for the Rock Island and two for the Metra Electric. Of the Rock Island platforms, two are on the Beverly Branch, two are on the main line. Most trains on the Beverly Branch terminate at this station, the lone exception being weekday middays, run inbound back to LaSalle Street Station; the Metra Electric station, being a stub terminus, has one island platform. It is one of only two stations on the Blue Island Branch to have more than one track, the other being West Pullman where the line has a passing siding. Pace "Route 348 – Harvey/Riverdale/Blue Island". PaceBus.com. Chicago: Pace Suburban Bus Service."Route 349 – South Western". PaceBus.com. Chicago: Pace Suburban Bus Service."Route 359 – Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue".

PaceBus.com. Chicago: Pace Suburban Bus Service."Route 385 – 87th/111th/127th". PaceBus.com. Chicago: Pace Suburban Bus Service. Media related to Vermont Street at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Blue Island at Wikimedia Commons Metra – Stations – Blue Island–Vermont Street station Metra – Stations – Blue Island Old image of former Rock Island Station Station from Vermont Street from Google Maps Street View