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Idas

In Greek mythology, was a Messenian prince. He was one of the Argonauts, a participant in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar and contender with the gods. Idas was described as spirited. Idas was the elder brother of Lynceus and Pisus, he was sometimes regarded as the offspring of Poseidon. In some accounts, the wife of Aphareus and thus, Idas' possible mother was named as Polydora or Laocoosa. By Marpessa, Idas had one daughter named Cleopatra Alcyone; when Idas came from Messenia to ask for the hand of Marpessa, daughter of Evenus. The maiden's father refused his request. Idas begged for the use of a winged chariot. Poseidon consented to his use of the chariot, Idas stole Marpessa away from a band of dancers and fled to Pleuron in Aetolia, her father, after chasing the couple for a long time and realizing he could not catch up to them, killed his horses and drowned himself in a nearby river Lycormas and became immortal. The river was named after him. Apollo pursued them in his own chariot, wanting Marpessa for himself."Idas, mightiest of men that were upon the face of earth.

Marpessa chose Idas, reasoning to Apollo that had she chosen the god, she would have grown old and lost his affections: "And thou beautiful god, in that far time,When in thy setting sweet thou gazest downOn this grey head, wilt thou remember thenThat once I pleased thee, that I once was young?" The two beautiful daughters of Leucippus and Hilaeira were promised brides of their cousins and Lynceus. Because of their beauty, the twins Castor and Pollux who were inflamed with love, carried off the maidens. Trying to recover their lost brides-to-be, the two Messenian princes, took to arms and joined the celebrated fight between them and their rival suitors. During the battle, Castor killed Lynceus while Idas, at his brother's death, forgot both the strife and bride, started to bury his brother; when he was placing the bones in a funeral monument, Castor intervened and tried to prevent his raising of the monument, because he had won over him as if he were a woman. In anger, Idas pierced the thigh of Castor with the sword.

Others say that, as he was building the monument he thus killed him. When they reported this to Pollux, he rushed up and overcame Idas in a single fight, recovered the body of his brother, buried it. A different tale was presented in the Bibliotheca, where the cause of the strife of the Aphareids and Disocuri was not the abduction of the Leucippides but the division of spoils between them. Castor and Pollux, having driven booty of cattle from Arcadia, in company with Idas and Lynceus, they allowed Idas to divide the spoil, he cut a cow in four and said that one half of the booty should be his who ate his share first, that the rest should be his who ate his share second. And before they knew where they were, Idas had swallowed his own share first and his brother's, with him had driven off the captured cattle to Messene, but the Dioscuri marched against Messene, drove away that cattle and much else besides. And they lay in wait for Lynceus, but Lynceus discovered him to Idas, who killed him. Pollux chased them and slew Lynceus by throwing his spear, but in pursuing Lynceus he was wounded in the head with a stone thrown by him, fell down in a swoon.

In revenge, the divine father of Pollux, smote Idas with a thunderbolt and carried up his son to heaven where he shared his immortality with his mortal brother, Castor. After the deaths of the two Messenian princes, the kingdom was bereft of male descendants and thus, son of Neleus and a relative obtained the whole land including all the part ruled by Idas, but not that subject to the sons of Asclepius and Podalirius. Idas wished to rob Teuthras, king of Moesia, of his kingdom but was overcame in one battle by Telephus, son of Auge and Heracles, with the help of Parthenopaeus, son of Atalanta. On their journey to fetch the Golden Fleece, Idas avenged the death of Idmon, son of Apollo by slaying the wild boar that wounded and killed the seer. http://www.classics.upenn.edu/myth/php/tools/dictionary.php?method=did&regexp=892&setcard=0&link=0&media=0 http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095956462

Economic integration effects

Economic integration involves at least two countries to abolish customs tariffs on inner border between the states. This causes a number of effects while the phenomenon itself has specific properties for its successful development, it requires a lot of coherence of the policies applied in integrated states. Economic parameters are striving to one single multitude. Coherence policy leads to equal multi-dimensional economic space within integrated area. At the same time, it is similar to the process of mixing differently coloured liquids in a retort: coherence leads to one final colour in a retort, it needs permanency of economic integration stages applied to unified states. Otherwise integration process stagnates leading to termination of economic unions. Economic integration leads to Pareto-reallocation of the factors which move towards their better exploitation. Labor moves to area of higher wages with higher returns, it was found that the pair of the value added of sectors and labor disperse within a region in the same way as heat or gas in a space.

Domestic saving rates in the member states of economically integrated region strive to the one and same magnitude, described by the coherence policy of economic blocks. At the same time, practical observation shows that this phenomenon is taking place before formal creation of economic unions. Formulation of economic integration theory has been initiated by Jacob Viner who described trade creation and trade diversion effects caused by economic integration, they mean a change in direction of interregional trade flows caused by the change of tariffs within and outside economic union. The dynamics of trade creation and diversion effects was mathematically described by R. T. Dalimov; the finding shows that trade flow may be described by Navier-Stoxes equation, with the goods flow caused by the price difference - quite similar to gas or liquid moving under pressure difference. Economic integration of states leads to the creation of the terms of trade. Economic union of states obtains more privileged position in trade negotiations.

Economic integration benefits depend on the level of development as well as a scale of unifying states. For instance, if there are two states being economically integrated, than the larger is the size of economy the less it receives from integration and vice versa; the same principle is observed regarding the level of development of integrating states, although it is not as clear as the firstly mentioned principle. Productivity in the unified area is increased. Remarkably, it is increased more in less developed states, vice versa, i.e. according to the principle observed in practice. Among the main benefits for the countries which decided to be unified is a free access to markets of the other member states. Since the stage of the common market, or since supranational bodies of the union are created, specific regional funds are created to reallocate revenues from more developed states to less developed ones; this way development of the member states is equalized, with less developed ones developing faster, leading to an increase of their earnings per capita and thus purchasing more from more developed partner states.

Economic integration has no war consequence. The European Union has started with agreement between France, Great Britain and Luxemburg - on the one hand, Italy and Germany, on the other hand, fought with each other during World War II. In other words, economic integration unites nations. Jovanovich, М. International Economic Integration. Limits and Prospects. Second edition, 1998, Routledge

Nalle (band)

Nalle is a Finnish nickname for persons named Björn. Nalle are a psychedelic folk trio, based in Glasgow, who were formed in the summer of 2004, they comprise Aby Vulliamy and Chris Hladowski. Nalle combine improvisational song structures with unusual instrumentation, sometimes with a decidedly Celtic influence. Tuulikki's vocals have been compared to those of Joanna Björk. Nalle have released music on Pickled Egg Records, Locust Music and have released a track on Singing Knives Records, their debut album, By Chance Upon Waking has received favourable reviews thus far from publications such as Trouser Press and PopMatters. By Chance Upon Waking The Siren’s Wave Wilder Shores of Love All cover illustrations so far have been produced by Hanna Tuulikki, a visual artist, they incorporate many influences from nature, such as "winged polar bears, bees and plants on a snow-white background" All three band members have been involved with Scatter. Additionally, Aby Vulliamy and Chris Hladowski are members of The One Ensemble Of Daniel Padden, which shares members with Volcano The Bear.

Sunne Song Iron's Oath New Roots Pickled Egg Records page A losingtoday.com article on Pickled Egg Records and Nalle

Malcolm Butler

Malcolm Terel Butler is an American football cornerback for the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League. Butler played collegiate football at the University of West Alabama. During his senior year in 2013, Butler broke up 18 passes and had two interceptions and was named first-team All-Gulf South Conference at cornerback. Butler entered the NFL in 2014. Butler is responsible for one of the most famous plays in Super Bowl history. Butler was on the Patriots team that won Super Bowl LI over the Atlanta Falcons despite a 25 point deficit. Butler was born in Vicksburg and has four siblings, he graduated from Vicksburg High School in 2009. As a senior, he averaged five tackles per game. Despite only playing football in his freshman and senior years at Vicksburg, Butler earned a scholarship to Hinds Community College in Raymond, Mississippi. Butler participated in track & field at Vicksburg, where he competed in sprints and jumps, he had personal-bests of 12.07 seconds in the 100-meter dash, 1.83 meters in the high jump, 6.92 meters in the long jump.

In his 2009 freshman year at Hinds Community College, Butler recorded 22 tackles and one interception, but was kicked off the team after the fifth game of the season. He transferred to Alcorn State University before being invited back to Hinds Community College in 2011, as a sophomore recorded 43 tackles, three interceptions, 12 broken-up passes. In 2012, Butler enrolled at the University of West Alabama, he started all 12 games. He finished the 2012 season with 49 tackles, 43 solo, five interceptions, averaged a team-leading 29.8 yards per kickoff return. In 2013, Bulter was named a Beyond Sports Network All-American after recording 45 tackles, two interceptions, one blocked field goal, averaging 27.9 yards on kickoff returns during the season. He played in the 2014 Medal of Honor Bowl, a postseason all-star game, registering a solo tackle and an interception. Butler received an invitation to attend the New England Patriots’ rookie minicamp. On May 19, 2014, the New England Patriots signed Butler to a three-year, $1.53 million contract after he impressed coaches with his performance during rookie minicamp.

During training camp, Butler competed for a roster spot against Dax Swanson, Justin Green, Jemea Thomas. Butler had an impressive preseason and earned a roster spot as the sixth cornerback on the Patriots’ depth chart. Head coach Bill Belichick named him the sixth cornerback, behind Darrelle Revis, Alfonzo Dennard, Logan Ryan, Kyle Arrington, Brandon Browner. Butler made his NFL debut in the season-opener at the Miami Dolphins and made two solo tackles during their 33–20 loss, he was inactive for three games as a healthy scratch. On November 2, 2014, Butler collected a season-high four solo tackles and deflected a pass as the Patriots defeated the Denver Broncos 43–21 in Week 9, he was inactive for another two games as a healthy scratch. On December 14, 2014, Butler earned his first NFL start and recorded two combined tackles during a 41–13 victory against the Dolphins. In Week 17, he collected a season-high five combined tackles during a 17–9 loss against the Buffalo Bills, he finished his rookie season in 2014 with 15 combined tackles and three pass deflections in 11 games and one start.

The Patriots earned a first-round bye. On January 10, 2015, Butler appeared in his first NFL playoff game as the Patriots defeated the Baltimore Ravens 35–31 in the AFC Divisional Round; the following week, he made one tackle as the Patriots defeated the Indianapolis Colts 45–7 during the AFC Championship Game. On February 1, 2015, Butler and the Patriots appeared in Super Bowl XLIX against the defending champion Seattle Seahawks and Butler began the game as the fifth cornerback on the Patriots’ depth chart. Butler entered the game in the third quarter at nickelback after Kyle Arrington struggled to cover Chris Matthews. At the point Butler was inserted in the line-up, Seattle had scored on four straight offensive possessions. Butler was assigned to cover Jermaine Kearse with Brandon Browner covering Chris Matthews. On a first and ten Seattle handed off to Marshawn Lynch, Butler made the initial tackle and Lynch was held to two yards. On the next play, Russell Wilson completed a pass to Kearse, Butler made the tackle holding him to a five-yard gain.

On third and three, Wilson threw deep to Kearse and Butler broke up the pass, forcing Seattle to punt. Seattle would not score again. With under a minute left in the fourth quarter, Butler continued to cover wide receiver Jermaine Kearse and deflected a 33-yard pass by Russell Wilson; the deflected ball landed on Kearse as he fell to the ground and allowed him to juggle it and to complete the reception in what was described as one of the greatest catches in Super Bowl history. After recognizing that Kearse had made the catch and was not down by contact, Butler pushed him out of bounds at the five-yard line. Two plays with 20 seconds remaining and the Seahawks in position to score on the Patriots' one-yard line, Butler intercepted a pass attempt to wide receiver Ricardo Lockette at the goal line, returning possession to the Patriots and maintaining their 28–24 lead. Butler said that he had guessed that Wilson would throw to Lockette, having read the Seahawks two receiver stack formation

Lewy Pattinson

Lewy Miall Pattinson was founder of the firm Washington H. Soul Pattinson. Lewy Miall Pattinson was born to parents Wiliam Pattinson and Annie Sinclair on 10 March 1852 at Hexham, England, he had three siblings William and Annie. Pattinson was married to Mary Jane Parker in July 1887 at England. Pattinson had a background in engineering with the family company Pattinson and Davison, but latter gained exposure to the pharmaceutical industry through his brother William, which led him to explore opportunities in this field in Sydney, Australia which he visited in 1881. Pattinson returned to Australia for good in 1886 and opened a pharmacy in Balmain known as Pattinson and Co; the firm expanded to include stores in Redfern and North Sydney, its own in-house manufacturing and distribution facilities. In 1902 Pattinson & Company bought out his competitor W. H. Soul to expand the business further; the firm was listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1903 and is Australia's second oldest public company.

Today it is a diversified conglomerate with investments in pharmaceuticals, telecommunications and financial services. In 1944 Lewy Pattinson died aged 92, he was succeeded by his four children William, Jenny-Ann and Lewy-Norman, 12 grandchildren. Pattinson's son Dr. William Frederick Pattinson succeeded him as Chairman of Washington H. Soul Pattinson and his grandson James Millner was also a chairman of the company. Lewy Pattinson was known for charitable donations, he donated the LM Pattinson Aerial Ambulance, the first aeroplane in the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia. The Lewy Miall Pattinson Scholarship was founded in 1943 by a gift of £5000 from Pattinson and supplemented by a bequest of an additional sum of £5000 on his death in January 1944, for the encouragement of the study of pharmaceutical science at The University of Sydney. There is a street named - Pattinson Crescent - in the suburb of Flynn, Australian Capital Territory

Mukutmanipur Dam

The Mukutmanipur Dam is a dam in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the state of West Bengal, India. The Kangsabati River rises from the Chota Nagpur Plateau in West Bengal, passes through the districts of Purulia and Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal before draining in the Bay of Bengal, 2 kilometres from Mukutmonipur, it is the second largest earthen dam in India. The road over the dam is 11 kilometres in length. In the middle, there is a small hillock called Paresnath hill where several statues of Jain and Hindu deities are kept in the open air; these statues are recovered during digging. There is another Jain statue lying at the bottom of the Pareshnath hill