A non-commissioned officer or noncommissioned officer is a military officer who has not earned a commission. Such is called sub-officer in some countries, Non-commissioned officers, in the English-speaking world, usually obtain their position of authority by promotion through the enlisted ranks. In contrast, commissioned officers hold higher ranks than NCOs, have more legal responsibilities, are paid more, commissioned officers usually earn their commissions without having risen through the enlisted ranks. Mustang is a term in the United States Armed Forces used to refer to a commissioned officer who began his or her career as an enlisted service member. The NCO corps usually includes all grades of corporal and sergeant, in some countries, the naval equivalent includes some or all grades of petty officer, although not all navies class their petty officers as NCOs. There are different classes of non-commissioned officer, including junior non-commissioned officers, the non-commissioned officer corps is often referred to as the backbone of the armed services, as they are the primary and most visible leaders for most military personnel.
Additionally, they are the leaders responsible for executing a military organizations mission. NCO training and education typically includes leadership and management as well as service-specific, senior NCOs are considered the primary link between enlisted personnel and the commissioned officers in a military organization. Their advice and guidance is important for junior officers, who begin their careers in a position of authority. In the Australian Army, Lance corporals and corporals are classified as junior NCOs, while sergeants, in the New South Wales Police Force, NCOs perform supervisory and coordination roles. The ranks of probationary constable through to leading senior constable are referred to as constables, all NCOs within the NSW Police are given a warrant of appointment under the Commissioners hand and seal. All officers within the Australian Defence Force Cadets are non-commissioned, ADFC officers are appointed by the Director-General of their respective branch. In the Canadian Forces, the Queens Regulations and Orders formally defined a non-commissioned officer as A Canadian Forces member holding the rank of Sergeant or Corporal.
In the 1990s, the term non-commissioned member was introduced to all ranks in the Canadian Forces from recruit to chief warrant officer. In the Royal Canadian Navy, the definition of NCO reflects the international use of the term. Junior Non-commissioned officers mess and billet with privates and seamen, their mess is usually referred to as the junior ranks mess, as a group, NCOs rank above privates and below warrant officers. The term non-commissioned members includes these ranks, in the Finnish Defence Force, NCOs includes all ranks from corporal to sergeant major. Ranks of lance corporal and leading seaman are considered not to be NCO ranks and this ruling applies to all branches of service and to the troops of the Border Guard
Federal government of the United States
The Federal Government of the United States is the national government of the United States, a republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D. C. and several territories. The federal government is composed of three branches, legislative and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U. S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the courts, including the Supreme Court. The powers and duties of these branches are defined by acts of Congress. The full name of the republic is United States of America, no other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases to which it is a party. The terms Government of the United States of America or United States Government are often used in documents to represent the federal government as distinct from the states collectively. In casual conversation or writing, the term Federal Government is often used, the terms Federal and National in government agency or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government.
Because the seat of government is in Washington, D. C, Washington is commonly used as a metonym for the federal government. The outline of the government of the United States is laid out in the Constitution, the government was formed in 1789, making the United States one of the worlds first, if not the first, modern national constitutional republics. The United States government is based on the principles of federalism and republicanism, some make the case for expansive federal powers while others argue for a more limited role for the central government in relation to individuals, the states or other recognized entities. For example, while the legislative has the power to create law, the President nominates judges to the nations highest judiciary authority, but those nominees must be approved by Congress. The Supreme Court, in its turn, has the power to invalidate as unconstitutional any law passed by the Congress and these and other examples are examined in more detail in the text below. The United States Congress is the branch of the federal government.
It is bicameral, comprising the House of Representatives and the Senate, the House currently consists of 435 voting members, each of whom represents a congressional district. The number of each state has in the House is based on each states population as determined in the most recent United States Census. All 435 representatives serve a two-year term, each state receives a minimum of one representative in the House. There is no limit on the number of terms a representative may serve, in addition to the 435 voting members, there are six non-voting members, consisting of five delegates and one resident commissioner. In contrast, the Senate is made up of two senators from each state, regardless of population, there are currently 100 senators, who each serve six-year terms
Air Force Commander's Insignia
The Air Force Commanders Insignia is an insignia of the United States Air Force, that has been in existence since 2002. Also known as the USAF Commanders Badge, the Air Force Commanders Insignia is awarded to any Air Force officer who holds a command billet within the United States Air Force. To be eligible for the Air Force Commanders Insignia, an Air Force officer must hold permanent assignment in a command billet, Commanders of Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Detachments are authorized to wear the Air Force Commanders Badge. The Air Force Commanders Insignia is worn above the name tag when in command of a squadron, wing, Numbered Air Force, major command, the insignia is worn below the name tag upon completion of such a command assignment. Below are some guidelines for award of the Air Force Commanders Insignia. Additional approval for wear made by Chief of Staff of the Air Force, only officers holding the rank of Major, Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel are authorized to wear this badge.
Must exercise Uniform Code of Military Justice authority in the command assignment, must be competitively selected by a board for their command position. May be worn in the area of responsibility, serving as a temporary or acting commander does not qualify an officer for this insignia. Commanders must serve the entire tenure of an assignment for permanent wear. Vice and Deputy Command positions, as well as Detachment Command positions other than Air Force ROTC units, the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard equivalents of the Air Force Commanders Insignia are the Command at Sea insignia and the Command Ashore insignia. The United States Marine Corps have no equivalent, the equivalent in the United States Army was the Combat Leader Identification, worn on the shoulder loop of the green jacket of now-obsolete Class-A Service Uniform. As the uniform is now obsolete, so is the insignia, Military badges of the United States Air Force Instruction 36-2903, Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel
Career Counselor Badge
The Career Counselor Badge is a military badge of the United States Army and Navy which was first established in the early 1970s. The badge recognizes those enlisted personnel who have selected as promotion and career advancement coordinators. The Navy and Army are the branches of service to bestow a Career Counselor Badge. The Army Career Counselor Badge is authorized for wear by enlisted members who hold the Military Occupational Specialty of “79S, 79T or 79V”. The badge is worn on the side of the uniform. The Army Career Counselor Badge is retroactive to January 1972 and may be awarded for past service upon application from the service member, the badge may be worn by officers, if they held an MOS as Career Counselor during enlisted service. The Navy Career Counselor Badge is an insignia which is presented by local commands to those personnel, E-5 or above. Personnel assigned to such duties must have completed appropriate Navy schooling, the Navy Career Counselor Badge is typically worn either attached directly to a uniform or suspended on a leather backing from a pocket button.
This second method is actually in violation of Navy uniform regulations, however, a flexible view of uniform regulations is relatively common in certain Navy commands
United States Army
The United States Armed Forces are the federal armed forces of the United States. They consist of the Army, Marine Corps, Air Force, from the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States. A sense of unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War. Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and it played an important role in the American Civil War, where leading generals on both sides were picked from members of the United States military. Not until the outbreak of World War II did a standing army become officially established. The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the Cold Wars onset, the U. S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel. It draws its personnel from a pool of paid volunteers. As of 2016, the United States spends about $580.3 billion annually to fund its military forces, put together, the United States constitutes roughly 40 percent of the worlds military expenditures.
For the period 2010–14, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute found that the United States was the worlds largest exporter of major arms, the United States was the worlds eighth largest importer of major weapons for the same period. The history of the U. S. military dates to 1775 and these forces demobilized in 1784 after the Treaty of Paris ended the War for Independence. All three services trace their origins to the founding of the Continental Army, the Continental Navy, the United States President is the U. S. militarys commander-in-chief. Rising tensions at various times with Britain and France and the ensuing Quasi-War and War of 1812 quickened the development of the U. S. Navy, the reserve branches formed a military strategic reserve during the Cold War, to be called into service in case of war. Time magazines Mark Thompson has suggested that with the War on Terror, Command over the armed forces is established in the United States Constitution. The sole power of command is vested in the President by Article II as Commander-in-Chief, the Constitution allows for the creation of executive Departments headed principal officers whose opinion the President can require.
This allowance in the Constitution formed the basis for creation of the Department of Defense in 1947 by the National Security Act, the Defense Department is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and member of the Cabinet. The Defense Secretary is second in the chain of command, just below the President. Together, the President and the Secretary of Defense comprise the National Command Authority, to coordinate military strategy with political affairs, the President has a National Security Council headed by the National Security Advisor. The collective body has only power to the President
Headquarters Air Force badge
The Headquarters Air Force badge is one of the newest badges of the United States Air Force. Air Force Chief of Staff General T. Michael Moseley approved the design, the basis for the Headquarters Air Force badge is Air Force heritage and the design incorporates many elements from the Department of the Air Force Seal. The predominant colors of the badge are blue and gold. At the center of the badge is a gilt American bald eagle, the eagle is holding an olive branch and a bundle of 13 arrows, denoting the power of peace and war—the heart of the Air Force mission. The Air Force shield is at the core of the eagle, on the background is a blue pentagon, representing The Pentagon. A silver wreath, an ancient symbol of victory, encircles the badge, the eagle holds a streamer with the Latin motto E pluribus unum, which means Out of many and represents the original 13 colonies forming into one nation. The United States Army has an equivalent badge, known as the Army Staff Identification Badge, new Air Staff badge recognizes Pentagon assignment at Archive. is
Presidential Service Badge
Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, who serve as full-time military staff to the President of the United States. Executive Order 10879 of June 1,1960 was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower establishing a White House Service Badge, President Lyndon B. Johnson retired the White House Service Badge and issued a separate Presidential Service Badge by signing Executive Order 11174 on September 1,1964. Marine Helicopter Squadron 1 Marine One flight crew, Marines assigned to the Marine Security Company at Camp David and it is accompanied by a certificate and miniature lapel version. The PSB is recorded in the military service records and is authorized for wear as a permanent decoration. Recipients are, other than the President and uniformed members of the U. S, secret Service, the only Americans authorized to wear the Presidential Seal or Coat of Arms on their uniforms and civilian clothes. A similar badge, the Vice Presidential Service Badge, exists for personnel assigned to assist the Vice President of the United States. C.
The organization was created to provide a network of personnel, to construct a history of their service and to demonstrate the traditions, President Dwight D. Eisenhower called the decoration a symbol of. deserved honor and distinction. Each recipient has their name linked to a serial number held at the White House and it is jointly located with the Presidential Culinary Museum. The center displays glass case exhibits of the history of service, machines with facilities maintained and it contains numerous artifacts and items sent by the National Archives and Presidential foundations supporting it. The center and museum have been featured in over 130 newspapers, worldwide, as well as on CNN International, the center contains numerous Presidential Service badges on display and one of the largest on public display. It is located in Grover, North Carolina, a named after President of the United States Grover Cleveland