The Ulanga River known as the Kilombero River, is a river that starts in the southwest of Tanzania on the eastern slope of the East African Rift that flows northeast into the Rufiji River to the Indian Ocean. The Ulanga Valley is an intact natural wetland ecosystem comprising myriad rivers, which make up the largest seasonally freshwater lowland floodplain in East Africa; the Ulanga River supplies ⅔ of the Rufiji waters. The Ulanga river is formed by the convergence of major rivers coming the south, that flow north from the mountain ranges of the Mbeya and Iringa regions on the eastern slope of the East African Rift and south from the Udzungwa Mountains and Mahenge Mountains. From south the Ruhudji River winds eastward, losing height quite to the head of the great floodplain of the Ulanga Valley; the floodplain occupies the flat floor of the Ulanga Valley at 210–250 m.a.s.l. The valley is oriented south-west north-east, between densely forested escarpments in the Udzungwa Mountains, which tower at 2,250 meters above the valley floor, on the north-western side and the Mahenge Mountains on the southern side.
The Ruhudji receives several important tributaries and divides on the floodplain into a number of channels, which produce a network in the central part of the floodplain. Other affluents draining the mountains on opposing sides of the valley join the network so that in the central part there are ten major channels flowing in parallel. A zone of permanent swamps, 45 km long, extends up to 4 km away from the west bank of the Kihansi River; the Kihansi was dammed in its upstream ranges above the Kihansi Gorge in 1995. The southern central parts of the floodplain descend 40 meters over a distance of 210 km. At Ifakara the valley narrows in to be about 4 km wide and the rivers are united into the main stream of the Ulanga River. East of Ifakara the Ulanga flows through a delta of oxbow lakes and is joined on its left bank by the Msolwa River; this stream comes from the high escarpment of the Udzungwas and trverses the northern part of the floodplain, skirting another zone of permanent swampland to the west.
From the point of confluence the Ulanga River swings southeast and leaves the floodplain on the border of the Selous Game Reserve. The Ulanga River continuous for 65 km to confluence with the Luwegu where they merge at the Shuguli Falls to become the Rufiji River; the Rufiji flows northeast through the Selous Game Reserve on its way to the Indian Ocean. Starting in 1885, Karl Peters had begun claiming areas of East Africa for Germany; the Tanganyikan coast proved easy, but conquest of the inland areas of the colony—right up to the Belgian Congo—was more difficult as large parts were still unexplored. For this reason, Governor Gustav Adolf von Götzen led an expedition to claim these hinterlands, he took with him Hermann Kersting. The Ulanga river and of its tributary the Kihansi were first surveyed in 1897-98 by von Prittwitz in an attempt to determine whether either river would afford a navigable waterway from the coast to the mountainous district of Uhehe. From Perondo von Prittwitz navigated the Kihansi in a canoe, determining that the Kihansi was too difficult to navigate due to the great number of sharp curves with narrow channel obstructed by hippopotami.
The Ulanga with its broad smooth curves was easy to navigate by a light-draught steamer. The Ulanga River forms the boundary between the Ulanga District and Kilombero District of the Morogoro Region in the southwest of Tanzania; the majority of the villagers in the Ulanga Valley are subsistence farmers of maize and rice, though many make a living fishing. There are large plantations of teak wood in the Ulanga valley. In the north-west of the district, Illovo Sugar Company's sugar-cane plantations occupy most of the lowlying area; the Ulanga Valley is characterized by its large populations of large mammals such as the buffalo, hippopotamus and puku. The majority of the world's Puku population live in the Ulanga Valley; the Ulanga Valley is home to one of the largest populations of Nile crocodile in Africa and is an important breeding ground for bird species such as the African openbill, white-headed lapwing, the African skimmer. The Ulanga Valley is home to a number of species only found in the Valley, such as the Udzungwa red colobus monkey and three species of birds, the Ulanga weaver and two undescribed species of cisticolas.
The Ulanga river is home to 23 species of fish that are caught on a regular basis including three species of fish not found downstream in the Rufiji: Alestes stuhlmannii and two species of Citharinus congicus. Fish from the Rufiji River system migrate upstream to the Ulanga to spawn at the beginning of the rains in November with peak spawning activity coming in December period; the eponymous boat in C. S. Forester's novel The African Queen and its subsequent film adaptation was a steam-powered launch, owned by a Belgian mining corporation, that plied the upper reaches of the Ulanga River. Animal painter Friedrich Wilhelm Kuhnert featured the Ulanga River in his painting The Gallery of Trees Ulanga River
Ifakara Health Institute
The Ifakara Health Institute is a health research organization with offices in Ifakara, Dar es Salaam, Ikwiriri and Mtwara, Tanzania. The institute conducts health-related research in a variety of areas, including malaria and HIV/AIDS. A field laboratory of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute was founded in Ifakara in 1956 by Rudolf Geigy. From 1981-1984, it was led by Marcel Tanner, it was renamed the "Ifakara Centre" in 1991, the "Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, IHRDC" in 1996, the "Ifakara Health Institute" in 2008. The Ifakara Health Institute was featured in the Al Jazeera Lifelines documentary The End Game in 2014. Ifakara Health Institute Website Ifakara Health Institute Facebook page IHI Digital Library on EPrints.org Ifakara Health Institute on SDH-Net St. Francis Hospital Topography, including the IHI
St. Augustine University of Tanzania
St. Augustine University of Tanzania is a private university in Mwanza, Tanzania, it was founded by the Catholic Bishops of Tanzania in 1998 as a secular, private institution. Before 1998, SAUT was called first Nyegezi Social Training Centre and Nyegezi Social Training Institute. SAUT has over 10,000 students with an anticipated minimal rise each new academic year; the University attracts students from Tanzania and elsewhere Kenya, Sudan, Burundi, Malawi and Germany and other foreign nations. SAUT admits students of religious affiliations. SAUT extends over 600 acres in the Nyegezi-Malimbe area, 10 km south of Mwanza on the shores of Lake Victoria; the University is divided into two campuses. The main campus houses the Faculty of Business Administration; the Malimbe campus, located one km away, is home to the Faculty of Law, Social Sciences, Business Administration and Mass Communication. St. Augustine University of Tanzania retained the Advanced Diploma and Certificate Programs offered by its predecessor, the Nyegezi Social Training Institute, in addition offers a bachelors and a masters program within a number of faculties.
The Faculty of Law offers a Four years bachelor of Law degree, a master's degree in Law on various specialisations such as Masters in Economic Law, various others. The Faculty has built itself a name in the International Arena through several continuous participation in the international moot court competitions; such as the African Human rights Moot Court Competition in 2009 and 2011, ranking the first among Tanzanian participating universities such as University of Dar es Salaam, Ruaha University College, the Open University of Tanzania in 2009 Lagos, Nigeria competition. In the 2011 Pretoria, South Africa Competition, it took the same lead against Muslims University, Mzumbe University in the same Africa's most prestigious competition; the Phillip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition is another more prestigious annual competition year in Washington D. C. USA this is another area where the faculty has built so much proficiency, since it first participated in 2010; the Faculty of Social Sciences and Mass Communications offers a Master of Arts in Mass Communication, a Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication, a Bachelor of Arts in Education,Bachelor of Arts in Public relations and Marketing,Bachelor of Arts in Sociology, an Advanced Diploma in Journalism, a Postgraduate Diploma in Mass Communication, a Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and marketing,Bachelor of arts Philosophy and Ethics and a Certificate Course in Journalism and Media Studies.
The Faculty of Business Administration offers a Bachelor of Business Administration, BA in Accounting and Finance, BA in Marketing, BA in Human Resources, BA in Procurement and Logistics and a Bachelor of Arts in Economics. Apart from the degree programs, an Advanced Diploma in Accountancy, an Advanced Diploma in Procurement and Logistics Management, a Certificate Course in Accountancy, a Certificate course in Health Administration, a Certificate Course in Food Security and Grain Management, a Certificate in Logistics Management and a Postgraduate Diploma in Accounting and Finance are offered. SAUT incorporates the following eight respective constituent colleges namely:- Archbishop Mihayo University College of Tabora Archbishop James University College Jordan University College Mwenge University College of Education Ruaha University College St. Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences Stella Maris Mtwara University College Cardinal Rugambwa Memorial University CollegeThe Weill Bugando University College of Health and Allied Sciences established in 2003 at the Bugando Medical Centre in Mwanza, was a part of SAUT until it became the Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, a full-fledged university.
The university runs the following campuses namely:- SAUT Dar es Salaam City Centre SAUT Arusha City Centre. SAUT Mbeya City Centre. Future programs of SAUT include Agricultural Science, an Institute for Rural Development, Masters of Business Administration and a Constituent College of Law and Applied Sciences and Technology. SAUT is a member of the Association of Catholic Universities and Higher Institutes of Africa and Madagascar, the Inter-University Council of East Africa, the Tanzania Association of Private Universities, the Commonwealth Association of Universities of Africa, the Council for Higher Education, the Association of Member Episcopal Conference of Eastern Africa. Official website
Plan International is an independent development and humanitarian organisation which works in 71 countries across the world, in Africa, the Americas, Asia to advance children’s rights and equality for girls. Plan International is one of the world's largest organisations working for children's rights and gender equality. In 2016, Plan International reached 17.1 million girls and 15.5 million boys through its programming. Plan International focuses on: Child protection, child participation, economic security, health and reproductive health and rights, water and sanitation. Plan International provides training in disaster preparedness and recovery, has worked on relief efforts in countries including Haiti and Japan. Plan International sponsors the Because I Am a Girl campaign, envisioned as a global movement to ensure girls everywhere can learn, lead and thrive. Plan International was founded in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War by British journalist John Langdon-Davies and aid worker Eric Muggeridge.
The organization was founded with the mission of promoting the rights of children. The organisation was set up by British journalist John Langdon-Davies and refugee worker Eric Muggeridge in 1937, with the original aim to provide food and education to children whose lives had been disrupted by the Spanish Civil War. 1930s – Plan International was founded as"Foster Parents Plan for Children in Spain." 1940s – During World War II, the organization became known as "Foster Parents Plan for War Children" and worked in England, helping displaced children from all over Europe. After the war, Plan International extended aid to children in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Greece and in Poland and China. 1950s – As Europe recovered, Plan International moved out of these countries and opened new programs in less developed countries. It became "Foster Parents Plan Inc." to reflect the goal of bringing lasting change to the lives of children in need, whatever their circumstances. 1960s – Foster Parents Plan expanded its work to countries in South America and Asia.
In 1962, U. S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy was honorary chairwoman during Plan's Silver Jubilee. 1970s – In 1974, the global name became Plan International as programs now spanned South America and Africa. 1980s – Belgium, Germany and the UK joined Canada, the US, Australia and the Netherlands as donor countries. Plan International was recognised by the United Nations Social Council. 1990s – Plan International offices opened in France, Finland, Denmark and the Republic of Korea. 2000s – The name Plan International evolved and a unified global identity was created to help make the organization more recognized around the world, the logo was updated. 2017 – Plan International launched a new "International Global Strategy 2017–2022", which places an added emphasis on working with girls. The traditional blue logo was updated. 2018 – Plan International confirmed six cases of sexual abuse and child exploitation by staff or associates. Plan International's income comes from supporters who sponsor children and the remainder is raised through donations and grants.
An average of 77% of this money goes directly to supporting Plan International’s development and humanitarian work. The remainder is spent on fundraising initiatives and maintaining an international network of support staff. Plan International publishes annual reports detailing its spending activity; the organization receives funding to implement grants from a range of multilateral institutions, such as the UK's Department for International Development, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, United States Agency for International Development, other multilateral agencies. Plan International adheres to several international standards and quality assurance mechanisms including the International Non-Governmental Organisations Commitment to Accountability Charter and the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief. Anil Kapoor, who starred in Danny Boyle’s film Slumdog Millionaire, is an ambassador for Plan India.
He donated his entire fee for the movie to the NGO’s Universal Birth Registration campaign. Slumdog Millionaire’s stars, Dev Patel and Freida Pinto, were among cast members who attended a screening of the film at Somerset House in London, where over £2,000 was raised for Plan’s work in Mumbai, the setting of the film. In the U. S. some notable celebrity endorsers associated with Plan International include Jacqueline Kennedy, David Elliot, Beau Bridges, Dina Eastwood, Scott Bakula, Nicholas D. Kristof a child sponsor. In 2015 Mo'ne Davis teamed up with the brand M4D3 to design a line of sneakers for girls, with some of the proceeds going toward the Plan International’s Because I Am a Girl campaign; the organization was featured in the 2002 film About Schmidt. Because I Am a Girl Convention on the Rights of the Child International Day of the Girl Child Odisha State Child Protection Society National branches: Plan UK Plan Canada Plan USA Media related to Plan International at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Railway stations in Tanzania
Railway stations in Tanzania include: UN Map - Tanga and Kidatu lines not shown. Railways in southern Africa Official map UNHCR Map Interactive map of Tanzania railways Look for the MSN Map at the bottom of pages of many towns, or look for the Map Button at the top and scroll down the MSN map. Dar es Salaam - ocean port - former national capital - 8 km from TAZARA line Ruvu - junction to Tanga line Morogoro - junction to north Kilosa - junction going south to TAZARA Gulwe Igandu Dodoma - The national capital Manyoni - junction going north to Singida Itigi Ikungu Tabora - junction going north to Mwanza Kaliua - junction going south to Mpanda Kigoma - terminal and port on Lake Tanganyika Kilosa - junction Kidatu - branch terminus - served with break of gauge by TAZARA, with a container trans-shipment facility to move freight containers between TAZARA and Tanzania Railways Corporation trains Tabora - junction Bukene Isaka -'dry port' and proposed junction for lines to Rwanda and Burundi Shinyanga Mwanza - inland port on Lake Victoria Kaliua - junction Mpanda - branch terminus Manyoni - junction Issuna Ikungi Puma Singida - branch terminus Morogoro - junction with Central Line Ruvu Kitonga Sadani Hale - junction Korogwe - junction with Tanga Line Tanga - ocean port Korogwe - junction to south Mkomazi Same Moshi - junction to north and Kenya Arusha - soda ash mining September 2007Arusha Musoma on Lake Victoria.
Tanga Mwambani BayTanga Singida Mutukula, Tanzania Mutukula, Uganda Kampala Mutukula Musoma - Lake Victoria port Dar es Salaam Ruvu - junction on old line only. Morogoro - stage one - work started in April 2017. Dodoma - capital Makutupora - Tabora - Isaka - - inland dry port Mwanza - - port city on Lake Victoria Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika In 1949 a line was built to link the Tanganyika groundnut scheme plantations around Nachingwea with the port of Mtwara; the scheme famously foundered and the railway was abandoned in 1962. Proposals have been made for a new railway to link Mtwara to iron ore deposits in the west linking via Songea to Liganga. A short 610 mm line lasted from 1879 to 1888. Mtwara - port for groundnut scheme Lindi - potential port Nachingwea groundnut scheme terminus Mchuchuma - coal Songea Liganga - iron ore Formerly called TanZam Railway. 1,067 mm gauge to match Zambian/Southern African networks. Dar es Salaam - ocean port - 8 km from TRC line Mzenga Kisaki Kidatu - break of gauge connection with Tanzania Railways Corporation, with a container trans-shipment facility to move freight containers between TAZARA and Tanzania Railways Corporation trains.
On short branch. Mang'ula Kiberege Ifakara Lwipa Mbingu Mngeta Chita Mlimba Makambako Chimala Mbeya - workshops Mbozi Vwawa Tunduma, Tanzania - Tanzania / Zambian border Mkushi, Zambia Mbeya possible junction Kasanga North-South Corridor Project 1,000 mm and 1,067 mm are too close to allow 3-rail dual gauge, but if you have 4-rail gauge you can include 1,435 mm gauge at the cost of longer sleepers. The container port at Dar es Salaam is served by 1,067 mm railway gauge tracks. History of rail transport in Tanzania Rail transport in Tanzania Railway stations in Kenya Railway stations in Zambia Railway stations in Rwanda Railway stations in Burundi Railway stations in Uganda Tanzania Railways Corporation Dual gauge
Morogoro Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. The regional capital is the municipality of Morogoro. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 2,218,492, higher than the pre-census projection of 2,209,072. For 2002-2012, the region's 2.4 percent average annual population growth rate was tied for the fourteenth highest in the country. It was the 22nd most densely populated region with 31 people per square kilometer. Morogoro Region is bordered to the north by the Tanga Region, to the east by the Pwani and Lindi Regions, to the south by the Ruvuma Region and to the west by the Iringa and Dodoma Regions; the regional commissioner of the Morogoro Region is Dr. Kebwe Steven Kebwe; the region is administratively divided into seven districts: For parliamentary elections, Tanzania is divided into constituencies. As of the 2010 elections Morogoro Region had ten constituencies: The Morogoro Region has a number of universities, including the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Jordan University College, Morogoro Muslim University, Mzumbe University.
There are colleges such as Morogoro Teachers' College, Dakawa Teachers' College, Land College. Morogoro region hosts the lots of wild animals some of which are in The Big Five scattered in Mikumi National Park, Udzungwa Mountains National Park and Selous Game reserve