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Binalbal Festival

The Binalbal Festival is an annual festival held on the first of January in Tudela, Misamis Occidental, Philippines. It is a unique celebration of welcoming the new year for the townsfolk of Tudela. Participants are disguised through the use of masks which allow them full freedom of inhibition during the new year celebration. In the celebration, people or spectators wear masks and outfits that would represent their own definition of "Binalbal". Binalbal is derived from the local dialect "Balbal", Cebuano. Much like a giant Halloween costume party, the Binalbal Festival is a important cultural celebration where many revelers are clad in gory costumes. Since its early beginnings, the celebration traditionally starts on the evening until midnight of December 31st and continues on the noon time of January 1st, the grand parade of Binalbal Festival, it all started as wearing masks on New Year's Day to disguise the identity of a person. In the early 1930s, prominent people of Tudela participated in this affair, including Gregorio Aborka, Sofronio Inting, Edmundo Ruiz Sr. Gregorio Nebre, Florentino N. Olarte, Jose Singson, Alberto Raagas and other unrecorded personalities in metro barangays of Tudela.

It is associated with the wearing of "Maskara" at the outset of New Year. With bizarre make-up, the "Binalbal" roamed the street, visiting friends and relatives and asking gifts "biko" or "suman", other native delicacies; this unique cultural tradition was handed down from the fathers of Tudelanians with its center theme focused on love and prosperity with the hope of re-committing the individual to the spiritual and social codes of the past: a combination of merrymaking and prayers for a good harvest, good health and good luck. It is an occasion of fun for everyone; the word "Binalbal", according to its official history published by the Local Government of Tudela dated January 1, 2003, does not carry unsavory connotations. It did not originate from the word "Balbal", or denoting evil spirit, nor was it coined to mean the Municipality of Tudela is inhabited by "balbals". Cebu has "Sinulog", Aklan "Ati-Atihan", the Illongos in Iloilo "Dinagyang", all rolled into one "Binalbal" in Tudela. Binalbal Festival has some semblance with Halloween practices in the British Isles.

The ancient Celts believed that in the evening of October 31, Samon, ‘Lord of the Dead’, called forth many evil spirits. To ward off these supernatural creatures of darkness, the “Druids” made great bonfires; the similarity of Binalbal Festival with "Mardi Gras"—whose origins can be traced to medieval Europe, passing through Rome and Venice in the 17th and 18th centuries to the French House of the Bourbons—portrays merrymaking with parades, masked balls, street dancing and Halloween parties. These led to Binalbal's imitation of witches, all kinds and shapes of animals, the so-called fallen angels. Akin to its customs and beliefs, Tudelanhons sometimes offer "treats" or "gifts" to prevent evil spirit from doing harm. In this part of Northwestern Mindanao only the municipality can claim originality on this festival. In the perpetuation of this tradition, the Municipality of Tudela, through Sanggunian Resolution, has created the Municipal Council for Local Culture and the Arts, for the purpose of ensuring the preservation and promotion of Binalbal Festival as a distinct cultural heritage of the Tudelanians for the past 87 years.

Binalbal, as a cultural festival, has been supported by the local government units. In 1960, through the Municipal Council resolution by Mayor Antero Singidas, the festival was recognized and given financial support. During the time of Mayor Bernadette Paredes-Encinareal, the festival was given recognition by the Department of Tourism; the project proposals and request for funding support from the national government, through the Department of Tourism, were duly furnished but somehow it did not materialize. It was suggested by Mayor Encinareal the creation of a special committee to formulate plans, sources of funds, other innovative concerns to ensure the continuity of this yearly tradition

Tim Sahaydak

Tim Sahaydak is an American soccer coach and former player. He is Associate Head Coach of the UCF Knights women's soccer program; as a player, he played several seasons in Major League Soccer for Miami Fusion F. C. Sahaydak attended Liberty High School in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania where he was an All-State representative. While touring with a state team, he was in Moscow during the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt. Sahaydak joined the North Carolina Tar Heels men's soccer program on a scholarship in 1995, he left in 1997 after his sophomore year. After leaving college Sahaydak was signed as a Project-40 player being assigned to the Columbus Crew. From 1998 to 2000, he played. After two seasons with the Crew, he transferred to the Miami Fusion. Between 1999 and 2001, Sahaydak played 22 times for the Fusion. Sahaydak took to coaching as co-head coach of the VCU Rams women's soccer program alongside his wife, former international player Tiffany Roberts. After six years with the Rams, he joined the UCF Knights women's soccer program as associate head coach again alongside his wife

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The bridge was opened in July, 2004. Darwaz District in Afghanistan has a population of 21,000 after sub-division in 2005 which led to the formation of Districts Nusay District, Maimay District, Shekay District, was

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However, it does not include river boundaries, which are considered land boundaries. Included is the number of unique sovereign states that a country or territory shares as neighbors. If the number is higher due to multiple dependencies or unrecognized states bordering the state, the larger number is shown in brackets. Footnotes are provided to provide clarity regarding the status of certain territories. Guayana Esequiba Borders of Brazil Borders of the United States Gran Colombia Venezuela–Colombia migrant crisis Netherlands–Venezuela Boundary Treaty The Guianas United States–Venezuela Maritime Boundary Treaty Venezuelan refugee crisis

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Julije Makanec was a Croatian politician, teacher and writer. During World War II, he was the Minister of Education of the Independent State of Croatia and a high-ranking member of the Ustaše. Makanec was born in Sarajevo, he was educated in Osijek and Bihać, studied philosophy at the University of Zagreb, where he obtained a Ph. D. in 1927. Between 1929 and 1940 he served as a gymnasium professor in Koprivnica and several other places in Croatia, as well as in Leskovac, Serbia. In November 1940, as a member of the Croatian Peasant Party, he became the mayor of Bjelovar. Here he played an important role in the Bjelovar rebellion of 8 April that year when, after the revolt by Croats in the Royal Yugoslav Army during the early days of invasion of Yugoslavia, he declared the "resurrection of the Croatian state". By his own account, Makanec swore the Ustaše oath in April 1941, days after the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia, but historians believe Makanec may have joined the Ustaše much earlier, in late 1939 or early 1940.

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Books: Marksistička filozofija prirode O podrijetlu i smislu države Poglavnik o boljševizmu Ustaške vrline Veliko raskršće Razvoj državne misli od Platona do Hegela Hrvatski vidici