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Iliupersis

The Iliupersis known as The Sack of Troy, is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature. It was one of the Epic Cycle, that is, the Trojan cycle, which told the entire history of the Trojan War in epic verse; the story of the Iliou persis comes chronologically after that of the Little Iliad, is followed by the Nostoi. The Iliou persis was sometimes attributed by ancient writers to Arctinus of Miletus; the poem comprised two books of verse in dactylic hexameter. The Iliou persis was composed in the seventh century BCE, but there is much uncertainty. Ancient sources date Arctinus to the eighth century BCE, but evidence concerning another of his poems, the Aethiopis, suggests that he lived later than that. Only ten lines of the original text of the Iliou persis survive. For its storyline we are entirely dependent on a summary of the Cyclic epics contained in the Chrestomathy written by an unknown Proclus. A few other references give indications of the poem's storyline. A further impression of the poem's content may be gained from book 2 of Virgil's Aeneid, which tells the story from a Trojan point of view.

Note that different sources record some details differently: for example the manner of Aeneas' departure from Troy, or the identity of Astyanax's killer. The version told here follows what is known of the early epic poem, rather than any other source; the poem opens with the Trojans discussing what to do with the wooden horse which the Greeks have left behind. Cassandra and Laocoön proclaim that there is an armed force of Greeks inside, but others say it is a holy relic of Athena; the latter opinion prevails, the Trojans celebrate their apparent victory. The god Poseidon, sends an ill omen of two snakes which kill Laocoön and his sons; when night comes, the Greek warriors inside the horse emerge, open the city gates to let in the Greek army, which has sailed back from Tenedos. The Trojans are massacred, the Greeks set fire to the city. Neoptolemus kills king Priam though he has taken refuge at the altar of Zeus; the gods consider whether they should stone Ajax in retribution, but he in turn takes refuge at the altar of Athena.

When the Greeks are sailing home, Athena kills him at sea. Odysseus kills Hector's baby son Neoptolemus takes Hector's wife Andromache captive; the Greeks make a human sacrifice of Priam's daughter Polyxena at Achilles's tomb, to placate his angry spirit. Online editions: Fragments of the Iliou persis translated by H. G. Evelyn-White, 1914 Fragments of complete Epic Cycle translated by H. G. Evelyn-White, 1914. L. West 2003, Greek Epic Fragments Abrantes, M. C. Themes of the Trojan Cycle: Contribution to the study of the greek mythological tradition. ISBN 978-1530337118 Burgess, Jonathan S; the Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer and the Epic Cycle, The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-6652-9.. Davies, Malcolm. ISBN 1-85399-039-6. Evelyn-White, Hugh G. Hesiod the Homeric Hymns and Homerica, BiblioBazaar. ISBN 1-4264-7293-5

Balgownie Rangers FC

Balgownie Rangers Football Club is an association football club based in Balgownie, New South Wales. They play in the Illawarra District League. Founded in 1883, Balgownie is believed to be the oldest running association football club in Australia. Balgownie Rangers is the oldest running registered association football club in Australia, being formed in 1883; the club was formed in 1883 where it played against other social clubs and between Balgownie teams. In 1890, Balgownie Rangers was registered to play in the newly formed N. S. W. Football Association. Balgownie was the 4th club to form in Australia. Wanderers and Granville had formed 1883. Since all of these clubs have folded, Granville being the last to fold in the early 1980s, making Balgownie Rangers the oldest registered running soccer club in Australia; the club has produced many famous football players over the years. Some include James ‘Judy’ Masters, Tom Thompson, Dave Ward and Frank Smith in the early 1900s, George Barlow in the 1950s and more Matt Horsley who went on to captain the Wollongong Wolves, win 4 National Soccer League titles and represent Australia.

Matt has retired his footballing career after finishing as captain of Perth Glory during December 2005. In 1974, Balgownie finished second on the league table in NSW Federation Division Two earning promotion into NSW Federation Division One for the following year. Another team from the Illawarra was competition in Division One called Safeway United; the club had had good success in Division One winning three minor premierships and one championship in 1963. For the 1975 season it was decided; the merged club would be called Wollongong City. Balgownie Rangers FC Website

Jacob Wackernagel

Jacob Wackernagel was a Swiss linguist, Indo-Europeanist and scholar of Sanskrit. He was born in son of the philologist Wilhelm Wackernagel. Wackernagel studied classical and Germanic philology and history in Göttingen and Leipzig, taught at the University of Basel from 1879 onwards as professor of Greek, as the successor of Friedrich Nietzsche. In 1902 he was called to the University of Göttingen, but as a consequence of World War I he returned to Basel in 1915, he retired in 1936, died on 22 May 1938 in Basel. Wackernagel's major work is a comprehensive grammar of Sanskrit, he is best known among modern linguists and philologists for formulating Wackernagel's law, concerning the placement of unstressed words in syntactic second position in Indo-European clauses. Another law named after him is Wackernagel's law of lengthening sometimes known as the law of lengthening in composition: in some compound words in Greek the first component ends with a vowel and the second component begins with a vowel.

Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: with special reference to Greek and Germanic, edited and translated by David Langslow, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Stadtarchiv.goettingen.de Bayerische Staatsbibliothek digital