Moultrie County, Illinois
Moultrie County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, its population was 14,846, its county seat is Sullivan. The name is pronounced as in "mole tree", unlike the pronunciation of its namesake, the South Carolinian Revolutionary War hero William Moultrie. Moultrie County was formed in 1843 with areas taken from Macon counties, it is named for South Carolina General, Governor, William Moultrie. General Moultrie defended Sullivan's Island, South Carolina from British attack in 1776; the site was renamed Fort Moultrie. Nearby Jasper County was named for Sgt. William Jasper, another hero of the defense of Sullivan's Island; the official flag of the county is the Moultrie Flag, flown over the new fortress on Sullivan's Island, when Moultrie defended it, was designed by Moultrie. It went on to become iconic of liberty in the South; when Abraham Kellar of Lovington, John Cook of Marrowbone, John Fleming of Nelson proposed the formation of a new county from Macon and Coles counties, Macon gave up a strip of “worthless swamp”, now among the most fertile land in the world, but Shelby and Coles voters refused to give up any land.
Shelby County gave up some of its land to make a zig-zag border with Moultrie County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 344 square miles, of which 336 square miles is land and 8.5 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Sullivan have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1915 and a record high of 111 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.89 inches in February to 4.05 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,846 people, 5,758 households, 4,053 families residing in the county; the population density was 44.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,260 housing units at an average density of 18.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.5% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 23.8% were German, 12.0% were Irish, 11.4% were American, 10.9% were English. Of the 5,758 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families, 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $46,364 and the median income for a family was $54,494. Males had a median income of $42,581 versus $26,799 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,954. About 6.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Sullivan Moultrie County is served by three school districts. Sullivan Community Unit School District 300 Okaw Valley Community Unit School District 302 Arthur-Lovington/Atwood-Hammond Community Unit School District 305 Moultrie County voters have voted for the Republican Party candidate in 80% of the last ten national election campaigns.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Moultrie County
A concurrency in a road network is an instance of one physical roadway bearing two or more different route numbers. When two roadways share the same right-of-way, it is sometimes called commons. Other terminology for a concurrency includes overlap, duplex, multiplex, dual routing or triple routing. Concurrent numbering can become common in jurisdictions that allow it. Where multiple routes must pass between a single mountain crossing or over a bridge, or through a major city, it is economically and advantageous for them all to be accommodated on a single physical roadway. In some jurisdictions, concurrent numbering is avoided by posting only one route number on highway signs. Most concurrencies are a combination of two route numbers on the same physical roadway; this is practically advantageous as well as economically advantageous. Some countries allow for concurrencies to occur, others do not allow it to happen. In those nations which do permit concurrencies, it can become common. In these countries, there are a variety of concurrences.
An example of this is the concurrency of Interstate 70 and I-76 on the Pennsylvania Turnpike in western Pennsylvania. I-70 merges with the Pennsylvania Turnpike so the route number can continue east into Maryland. A triple Interstate concurrency is found in Wisconsin along the five-mile section of I-41, I-43, I-894 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; the concurrency of I-41 and I-43 on this roadway is an example of a wrong-way concurrency. The longest Interstate highway concurrency is I-90 for 265 miles across Indiana and Ohio. There are examples of eight-way concurrencies: I-465 around Indianapolis and Georgia State Route 10 Loop around downtown Athens, Georgia. Portions of the 53-mile I-465 overlap with I-74, US Highway 31, US 36, US 40, US 52, US 421, State Road 37 and SR 67—a total of eight other routes. Seven of the eight other designations overlap between exits 46 and 47 to create an eight-way concurrency. In the United States, concurrencies are marked by placing signs for both routes on the same or adjacent posts.
The federal Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices prescribes that when mounting these adjacent signs together that the numbers will be arranged vertically or horizontally in order of precedence. The order to be used is Interstate Highways, U. S. Highways, state highways, county roads, within each class by increasing numerical value. Several states do not have any concurrencies, instead ending routes on each side of one. There are several circumstances. One example occurs along the Oklahoma–Arkansas state line. At the northern end of this border Oklahoma State Highway 20 runs concurrently with Arkansas Highway 43 and the two highways run north–south along the boundary. Concurrencies are found in Canada. British Columbia Highway 5 continues east for 12 kilometres concurrently with Highway 1 and Highway 97, through Kamloops; this stretch of road, which carries Highway 97 south and Highway 5 north on the same lanes, is the only wrong-way concurrency in British Columbia. In Ontario, the Queen Elizabeth Way and Highway 403 run concurrently between Burlington and Oakville, forming the province's only concurrency between two 400-series highways.
The concurrency was not in the original plan which intended for both the QEW and Highway 403 to run parallel to each other, as the Hamilton–Brantford and Mississauga sections of Highway 403 were planned to be linked up along the corridor now occupied by Highway 407. It was planned for the Mississauga section of Highway 403 would be renumbered as Highway 410 but this never came to pass. Highway 403 was signed concurrently along the Queen Elizabeth Way in 2002, remedying the discontinuity to avoid confusing drivers that wanted to travel between the two segments without using the toll Highway 407. Nonetheless, many surface street signs referring to that section of freeway with the QEW/Highway 403 concurrency still only use the highway's original designation of QEW, although the MTO has updated route markers on the QEW to reflect the concurrency. In the United Kingdom, routes do not run concurrently with others. Where this would occur, the roadway takes the number of only one of the routes, while the other routes are considered to have a gap and are signed in brackets.
An example is the meeting of the M60 and the M62 northwest of Manchester: the motorways coincide for the seven miles between junctions 12 and 18 but the motorway between those points is only designated as the M60. European route numbers as designated by UNECE may have concurrencies, but since the E-route numbers are unsigned and unused in the UK, the existence of these concurrencies is purely theoretical. In Sweden and Denmark, the most important highways use only the European route numbers that have cardinal directions. In Sweden the E6 and E20 run concurrently for 280 kilometres. In Denmark the E47 and E55 run concurrently for 157 kilometres. There are more shorter concurrencies. There are two stretches in Sweden
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon and Facebook. Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph. D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock, they incorporated Google as a held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering took place on August 19, 2004, Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, nicknamed the Googleplex. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google.
The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine. It offers services designed for work and productivity, email and time management, cloud storage, instant messaging and video chat, language translation and navigation, video sharing, note-taking, photo organizing and editing; the company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved into hardware. Google has experimented with becoming an Internet carrier. Google.com is the most visited website in the world. Several other Google services figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including YouTube and Blogger. Google is the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017, but has received significant criticism involving issues such as privacy concerns, tax avoidance, antitrust and search neutrality. Google's mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful".
The companies unofficial slogan "Don't be evil" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018. Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in Stanford, California. While conventional search engines ranked results by counting how many times the search terms appeared on the page, the two theorized about a better system that analyzed the relationships among websites, they called this new technology PageRank. Page and Brin nicknamed their new search engine "BackRub", because the system checked backlinks to estimate the importance of a site, they changed the name to Google. The domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997, the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998, it was based in the garage of a friend in California. Craig Silverstein, a fellow PhD student at Stanford, was hired as the first employee. Google was funded by an August 1998 contribution of $100,000 from Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
Google received money from three other angel investors in 1998: Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, Stanford University computer science professor David Cheriton, entrepreneur Ram Shriram. Between these initial investors and family Google raised around 1 million dollars, what allowed them to open up their original shop in Menlo Park, California After some additional, small investments through the end of 1998 to early 1999, a new $25 million round of funding was announced on June 7, 1999, with major investors including the venture capital firms Kleiner Perkins and Sequoia Capital. In March 1999, the company moved its offices to Palo Alto, home to several prominent Silicon Valley technology start-ups; the next year, Google began selling advertisements associated with search keywords against Page and Brin's initial opposition toward an advertising-funded search engine. To maintain an uncluttered page design, advertisements were text-based. In June 2000, it was announced that Google would become the default search engine provider for Yahoo!, one of the most popular websites at the time, replacing Inktomi.
In 2003, after outgrowing two other locations, the company leased an office complex from Silicon Graphics, at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, California. The complex became known as the Googleplex, a play on the word googolplex, the number one followed by a googol zeroes. Three years Google bought the property from SGI for $319 million. By that time, the name "Google
Effingham is a city in and the county seat of Effingham County, United States. Effingham is in Southern Illinois, its population was 12,604 at the 2015 census estimate. The city is part of IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. Effingham is home to a 198 foot tall cross, The Cross at the Crossroads; the cross is the tallest cross in the United States. The city bills itself as "The Crossroads of Opportunity" because of its location at the intersection of two major Interstate highways: I-57 running from Chicago to Miner, I-70 running from Utah to Maryland, it is served by U. S. Route 45, which runs from Ontonagon, Michigan to Mobile, Alabama, U. S. Route 40, the historic National Road, which stretches from Atlantic City, New Jersey to Summit and Illinois routes 32 and 33 run through the city, it is a major railroad junction, the crossing of the Illinois Central main line from Chicago to Memphis with the Pennsylvania Railroad line from Indianapolis to St. Louis. Thus, Effingham has a broad range of restaurants, lodging facilities.
Effingham is the home of the St. Anthony Bulldogs. Effingham is located at 39°7′15″N 88°32′45″W. According to the 2010 census, Effingham has a total area of 9.921 square miles, of which 9.86 square miles is land and 0.061 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 12,384 people, 5,330 households, 3,187 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,428.9 people per square mile. There were 5,660 housing units at an average density of 653.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.31% White, 3.8% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population. There were 5,330 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.2% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,761, the median income for a family was $45,902. Males had a median income of $31,442 versus $21,543 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,132. About 6.5% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. Effingham was first settled in 1814, was known from until 1859 as Broughton; the community was named after a local surveyor. In the late 1880s, local citizens founded Austin College, which lasted for several decades, was purchased to become the Illinois College of Photography known as Bissel College.
That school closed due to the Great Depression in the 1930s. On April 4, 1949, St. Anthony's hospital burned to the ground, killing 74 people; as a result, fire codes nationwide were improved. Due to extensive media coverage, including a "Life Magazine" cover story, donations for rebuilding the hospital came from all 48 states and several foreign countries. Effingham was a sundown town. Effingham is historically important as a rail junction; the old Pennsylvania Railroad and the former Illinois Central Railroad crossed in downtown Effingham. Today, Amtrak's City of New Orleans passes through daily. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Effingham under the daily City of New Orleans route to New Orleans and Chicago and Illini routes to Chicago and Carbondale; until October 1, 1979, the station served Amtrak's former National Limited line between Kansas City and New York City. Effingham has several schools, both private; the private schools include Saint Anthony and Sacred Heart.
Saint Anthony Grade School serves grades preschool to eighth grade. SAGS has the Bullpups as its mascot. Sacred Heart Grade School serves preschool to eighth grade. SHS's mascot is the Shamrocks; the public schools include the Early Learning Center, South Side Elementary, Central Grade School, Effingham Junior High School, Effingham High School. The Early Learning Center serves kindergarten age children. South Side Elementary serves second graders. Aspire, a school for students who are to drop out or those who get expelled. Central Grade School serves third through fifth grade students. Central Grade school's mascot is the mustangs. EJHS serves junior high students in grades six to eight. EJHS's mascot is the Mustangs. Effingham High School is the public high school; the new EHS opened in the fall of 1998, has a current enrollment of 849. The former EHS building, built in 1939 as a WPA project and expanded in 1965, is the junior high, serving grades 6–8; the old junior high, Central School, is now a grade school serving grades 3–5.
EHS athletics were known as the "Warriors" but the name was changed after Ada Kepley, a city resident, referred to Effingham as the "Heart of America" in a campaign to attract visitors t
Illinois State Highway System
The organized State Highway System of the U. S. state of Illinois comprises all of the state routes in the state. The Illinois Highway Code states that all state highways are to be numbered, that no state highway shall go unnumbered. In addition, roads in the system include state highways that connect Descriptions of each individual state highway are filed with the county clerk of the county in which the state highway resides. State highways may be maintained by either the municipalities if within a municipality, or the Illinois Department of Transportation. Should a highway run through a municipality, IDOT is authorized to choose a route through the municipality in order to make a route contiguous for through traffic; the State Highway System was created in 1918 with the first State Bond Issue Routes, 1 through 46. Bonds were floated to pay for specific routes. SBI # 1 paid for Route 1, so on; these initial 46 route numbers marked the major infrastructure roads desired by the state legislature in 1918.
Remarkably, many of these numbers still exist on the nearby alignment. As the highway system grew these numbers were altered to accommodate new roads or extensions of older roads. In 1924, additional State Bond Issues were authorized for SBI Routes 47 through 185; these route numbers were assigned and grouped to specific regions of the state. Thus, it is not uncommon to find groups of routes with similar numbers around each other (routes 23, 26, 29 are found in north-central Illinois, while routes 53, 56, 58, 59, 60, 62, 64, 68 and 72 are all found in northeastern Illinois and routes 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 107 are found in western Illinois west of the Illinois River and south of McDonough County line. SBI Route numbers that were superseded by other routes, US or state routes were reused. For example, SBI Route 61 was assigned to a road segment in northeastern Illinois, but was reassigned to a route in western Illinois, sometime after 1937. SBI Numbers are still used for several purposes when they do not match the posted number.
IDOT District maps still refer to SBI numbers on the various roads it maintains, along with other non-posted designations that refer to how the route was authorized. Bridge weight plates refer to SBI numbers instead of posted route numbers as well. For example, bridge plates along old US-66 refer to the route as "SBI-4" When the United States Numbered Highway System was started in 1926, the US numbers were just tacked onto the existing IL/SBI number unless the US Route was routed along a new route. Illinois portal U. S. Roads portal 605 ILCS 5/Illinois Highway Code Illinois Department of Transportation Illinois Highways Page Road Signs of Illinois Illinois State Highway Endpoints
Macon County, Illinois
Macon County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 110,768, its county seat is Decatur. Macon County comprises IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Macon County was formed on January 1829 out of Shelby County, it was named for a Colonel in the Revolutionary War. Macon served as senator from North Carolina until his resignation in 1828. In 1830, future US President Abraham Lincoln and his family moved to Macon County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 581 square miles is land and 5.2 square miles is water. Macon County is flat, as is most of the state and all of the surrounding counties, the result of geological activity during the Pleistocene epoch. During the Illinoian Stage of the Pleistocene, the Laurentide ice sheet covered about 85 percent of Illinois, including the Macon County area; the subsequent thaw of the region and retreat of the ice sheet left central Illinois with its present characteristic flat topography.
Because of its central location, Macon County is referred to as "The Heart of Illinois." In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Decatur have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.95 inches in February to 4.54 inches in July. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 110,768 people, 45,855 households, 29,326 families residing in the county; the population density was 190.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 50,475 housing units at an average density of 86.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 16.3% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were German, 17.0% were American, 12.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English.
Of the 45,855 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families, 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,337 and the median income for a family was $57,570. Males had a median income of $48,570 versus $31,568 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,726. About 10.3% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Decatur Macon Maroa Boody In its early years Macon County favored the Democratic Party, voting for it in every election through 1856. Republican Abraham Lincoln won the county in his landmark 1860 election, from until the Great Depression Macon County became solidly Republican, only giving a narrow plurality to Woodrow Wilson in 1912 when the GOP was mortally divided by Theodore Roosevelt's splinter–party run.
The FDR-era New Deal saw the county turn Democratic again due to its strong industrial base, although Macon was a perfect bellwether between 1932 and 1996 apart from the Catholicism-influenced 1960 election and the 1988 election influenced by a major Midwestern drought. Al Gore did narrowly hold the county in 2000 despite losing the election due to a razor-thin loss in Florida, but since the county has trended Republican. Illinois-bred Barack Obama did win Macon County in his 2008 triumph, but was convincingly defeated by Mitt Romney in 2012, whilst in 2016 Hillary Clinton suffered the worst Democratic loss since George McGovern. National Register of Historic Places listings in Macon County, Illinois
Decatur is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U. S. state of Illinois, with a population of 76,122 as of the 2010 Census. The city was founded in 1829 and is situated along the Sangamon River and Lake Decatur in Central Illinois. In 2017, the city's estimated population was 72,174; the city is home of private Millikin University and public Richland Community College. Decatur has vast industrial and agricultural processing production, including the North American headquarters of agricultural conglomerate Archer Daniels Midland, international agribusiness Tate & Lyle's largest corn-processing plant, the designing and manufacturing facilities for Caterpillar Inc.'s wheel-tractor scrapers, off-highway trucks, large mining trucks. Decatur is located at 39°51′6″N 88°56′39″W. Decatur is three hours southwest of Chicago, 40 miles due east of Springfield, the state capital, two hours northeast of St. Louis by car. According to the 2010 census, Decatur has an area of 46.91 square miles, of which 42.22 square miles is land and 4.69 square miles is water.
Lakes include Lake Decatur, formed in 1923 by the damming of the Sangamon River. The Decatur Metropolitan Statistical Area includes surrounding towns of Argenta, Blue Mound, Forsyth, Long Creek, Maroa, Mount Zion, Oakley and Warrensburg; as of the 2010 census, there were 76,122 people, 32,344 households, 18,991 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,800.9 people per square mile. There were 36,134 housing units at an average density of 854.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 71.6% White, 23.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 32,344 households, out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female household with no husband present, 41.3% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.86. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.8% from ages 18 to 24, 23.4% from ages 25 to 44, 26.8% from ages 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 85.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,777, the median income for a family was $50,176. Males had a median income of $46,579 versus $34,389 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,601. About 20.1% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. A new branding effort for Decatur and Macon County was unveiled in Limitless Decatur; the intention of the marketing strategy is to attract and retain business and residents by promoting the Decatur area as modern and progressive with opportunities to live and develop.
For much of the 20th century, the city was known as "The Soybean Capital of the World" owing to its being the location of the headquarters of A. E. Staley Manufacturing Company, a major grain processor in the 1920s, which popularized the use of soybeans to produce products for human consumption such as oil and flour. At one time, over a third of all the soybeans grown in the world were processed in Decatur, Illinois. In 1955 a group of Decatur businessmen founded the Soy Capital Bank to trade on the nickname. Decatur was awarded the All-America City Award in 1960; the city's symbol is the Transfer House, an 1896 octagonal structure, built in the original town square where the city's mass transit lines met. Designed by Chicago architect William W. Boyington, who designed the famous Chicago Water Tower, the Transfer House was constructed to serve as a shelter for passengers transferring from one conveyance to another, it was regarded as one of the most beautiful structures of its kind in the United States, a symbol of the city's high culture and modernity just decades after it was founded as a small collection of log cabins.
The second story of the building consisted of an open-air gazebo used as a stage for public speeches and concerts by the Goodman Band. Sitting in the middle of the square as it was, increasing automobile traffic flowing through downtown Decatur on US 51 was forced to circle around the structure, the Transfer House came to be seen by some as an impediment; the Illinois Department of Transportation, who maintained the US 51 highway route through Decatur, requested it be removed, in 1962, the structure was transported by truck to a nearby park, where it stands today. In that location, it has served as a bus shelter, a visitor information center, civic group offices. Since 1966, Decatur has been a sister city with Tokorozawa, Japan. In July 1972, the administrations of 19 independent smaller municipalities were merged to form Decatur's second sister city, Lower Saxony, Germany; the 19 towns and villages forming Seevetal were Beckedorf, Emmelndorf, Fleestedt, Glüsingen, Groß Moor, Hittfeld, Horst, Hörsten, Klein Moor, Maschen, Metzendorf, Ohlendorf and Ramelsloh.
The Decatur Sister Cities Committee annually coordinates both inbound and outbound high school students, who serve as ambassadors between the three cities. Since mid-2012