Olney is a city in Richland County, United States. The population was 8,631 at the 2000 census, it is the county seat of Richland County. Settlement of the Richland County area began around 1815 when Thaddeus Morehouse, a native of Vermont, arrived by wagon and built a log cabin along a stagecoach route that ran from Vincennes, Indiana to St. Louis; this log cabin operated as a tavern. Richland County was organized as a county in 1841, when it was formed by a partitioning of Clay and Lawrence Counties. There was some controversy regarding the location of the county seat; the name of the town Olney was suggested by Judge Aaron Shaw who desired to honor a friend, Nathan Olney. It was not until 1848; the Civil War brought a great deal of turmoil to the county. President Lincoln and Stephen Douglas spoke at separate political rallies in Olney on September 20, 1856. While most citizens rallied around the Union it was necessary to have troops stationed in Olney to enforce the draft as union deserters found refuge among local citizens.
Overall, the county was pro-Union and an estimated 1,700 Richland County citizens fought for the Union in the Civil war. Nearly 1,000 Olney residents served in World War I, during World War II, Richland County may have been the only Illinois county outside of Cook that provided 4 generals for the war effort; the first census of Richland County was in 1850. One hundred years the 1950 census found a spot north of Olney near Dundas to be the population center of the United States. Olney is known for its population of white squirrels. There are two hypotheses about; the first is that in 1902 William Stroup shot a gray female squirrel. The shot knocked the two babies out of a nest, he brought them home to his children, they were sold to Jasper Banks, who put them on display in front of his saloon. The second is that George W. Ridgely and John Robinson captured a cream colored squirrel and raised several litters of them before bringing a pair to Olney in 1902. Mr. Ridgely sold the pair to Jasper C. Banks for $5 each.
Mr. Banks displayed them in his saloon window. In 1910, the Illinois legislature passed a law prohibiting the confinement of wildlife, they were released into the woods. In 1925, the city passed a law. In 1943, the squirrel population reached its peak at 1000, but now the population holds steady at around 200. In the mid-1970s, John Stencel, instructor at Olney Central College, received a small grant from the Illinois Academy of Science to study the white squirrels. A squirrel count is held each fall. White and fox squirrels are counted; the number of squirrels has dropped causing concern. When the white squirrels dip below 100, they are concerned about genetic drift, or changes in allele frequency, which may reduce genetic variation and therefore speed up the extinction of a small population. In 1997, the Olney City Council amended its ordinance which disallowed dogs from running at large to include cats; the 1997 squirrel count realized a decrease in cats. They are hopeful. White squirrels have the right-of-way on all public streets and thoroughfares in Olney, there is a $750 fine for running one over.
The police department's badge has a picture of a white squirrel on it. The white squirrel has proved to be an enduring symbol of Olnean pride, stands as Olney's most defining feature; the population of white squirrels makes Illinois the only state to have populations of white as well as black squirrels, the latter residing in the Quad Cities area. Olney is located at 38°44′N 88°5′W. According to the 2010 census, Olney has a total area of 6.664 square miles, of which 6.66 square miles is land and 0.004 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,631 people, 3,755 households, 2,301 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,498.4 people per square mile. There were 4,283 housing units at an average density of 743.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.48% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.
There were 3,755 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.7% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,084 and the median income for a family was $37,365. Males had a median income of $29,547 versus $18,440 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,218. About 13.0% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Olney has several parks to
Interstate 74 is an Interstate Highway in the midwestern and southeastern United States. Its western end is at an interchange with Interstate 80 in Iowa; the major cities that I-74 connects to includes Iowa. I-74 exists as several disconnected sections of highways in North Carolina. In the state of Iowa, Interstate 74 runs south from Interstate 80 for 5.36 miles before crossing into Illinois on the Interstate 74 Bridge. North of the Mississippi River, I-74 bisects Davenport. In the state of Illinois, Interstate 74 runs south from Moline to Galesburg. I-74 continues southeast to the Champaign-Urbana area, intersecting with Interstate 57; the interstate runs east past Danville at the Illinois-Indiana state line. U. S. Route 150 parallels Interstate 74 in Illinois for its entire length, save the last few miles on the eastern end, where it parallels U. S. Route 136. In the state of Indiana, Interstate 74 runs east from the Illinois state line to the Crawfordsville area before turning southeast, it runs around the city center of Indianapolis along Interstate 465.
Once I-74 reaches the southeast side of Indianapolis it diverges from I-465 and continues to the southeast. It enters Ohio in Harrison, Ohio. In the state of Ohio, Interstate 74 runs southeast from the Indiana border to the western segment's current eastern terminus at Interstate 75 just north of downtown Cincinnati, it is signed with U. S. Route 52 for its entire length. While planned to continue through West Virginia and Virginia to the Interstate 74 section in North Carolina, the route remains unsigned or unbuilt past Cincinnati. At this point, I-74 would follow U. S. Route 52 east from Cincinnati and the current Interstate 74. In the state of North Carolina, as of the end of 2018 I-74 exists in several segments, starting with a concurrency with I-77 at the Virginia border; this includes the most western portion from Interstate 77 to US 52 just south of Mount Airy, a segment co-signed as US 311, first opened to traffic as a bypass of High Point bypass extended west to I-40 east of Winston-Salem and east to Interstate 73 near Randleman another along the southern segment of Interstate 73 and U.
S. Route 220 from just north of Asheboro to south of Ellerbe, a more eastern segment that runs from Laurinburg to an end at NC 41 near Lumberton; the latest segment to be signed, from I-40 to High Point, occurred after the federal government approved signing this section as I-74 in the summer of 2013, despite the highway not being up to current interstate standards. It was uncertain why the Federal Highway Administration made an exception, but this might have been the result of a misinterpretation when a state highway administrator asked for interstate designation for another section and "Future Interstate" for the section completed that did not meet standards; the 1991 plan to build Interstate 73 soon included an extension of I-74 from where it ended in Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth, Ohio along Ohio State Route 32. In November 1991, the United States Congress passed the $151 billion Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act that included the I-73/74 North-South Corridor and made I-73 a priority and included an extension of I-74 from Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth.
On August 31, 1992, the Ohio Turnpike Commission passed a resolution to study making the extension of I-74 a toll road. Congress had authorized paying for 80 percent of the cost, but the state would have to pay the remainder of the $56 million, it was estimated that improving US 52 to interstate standards in West Virginia would cost $2 billion. Still, by 1994, improvements to US 52 were planned, future plans called for I-73 to follow that route; the I-74 extension seemed more certain. The Ohio Turnpike Commission proposed that the extension run along Ohio State Route 32. Long-range plans call for I-74 to continue east and south of Cincinnati to North Carolina using OH 32 from Cincinnati to Piketon and the proposed I-73 from Portsmouth through West Virginia to I-77, it would follow I-77 through Virginia into North Carolina, where I-74 splits from Interstate 77 near the Virginia state line and runs eastward to northwest U. S. Route 52, which it will follow to Winston-Salem along U. S. Route 311 through High Point to I-73.
I-73 and I-74 overlap to Rockingham. In 1996 AASHTO approved the signing of highways as I-74 along its proposed path east of I-81 in Wytheville, where those highways meet Interstate Highway standards. North Carolina started putting up I-74 signs along its roadways in 1997; as of October 2009, Interstate 74 remains unbuilt in the state of West Virginia. WVDOT is upgrading the Tolsia Highway to four lanes, but not to Interstate Highway standards; as of December 2008, Interstate 74 is proposed to follow the path of Interstate 77 through the state of Virginia, but remains unsigned from the West Virginia border to the North Carolina border. Two sections of I-74 in North Carolina are under construction; these include building the first part of a bypass of Rockingham with Interstate 73 by reconstructing US 220 to interstate standards for 4 miles south of Ellerbe and is scheduled to be completed in 2018 and the first
Carmi is a city, the county seat of White County, United States, along the Little Wabash River, where the population was 5,422 at the 2000 census. Carmi post office has been in operation since 1817, a WPA oil on canvas mural called Service to the Farmer by Davenport Griffen was first displayed there in 1939. Carmi is a biblical name. According to the 2010 census, Carmi has a total area of 2.531 square miles, of which 2.5 square miles is land and 0.031 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,422 people, 2,390 households, 1,477 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,187.7 people per square mile. There were 2,667 housing units at an average density of 1,076.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 98.30% White, 0.48% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.06% from other races, 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. There were 2,390 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families.
35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.78. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,667, the median income for a family was $32,456. Males had a median income of $30,735 versus $16,693 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,886. About 11.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over. Southeastern Illinois College David L. Stanley White County Center County Community School District #5: Carmi-White County High School - grades 7-12 Carmi-White County Middle School - grades 4-6 Jefferson Attendance Center - grades 2-3 Lincoln Attendance Center - grades K-1 Carmi Christian School WRUL 97.3 FM WROY 1460 AM Carmi Times Carmi Chronicle Little Egypt Erie Canal Soda Pop Festival Carmi Air Force Station http://home.midwest.net/~cbconly/carmi.htm
U.S. Route 40
U. S. Route 40 known as the Main Street of America, is an east–west United States Highway; as with most routes whose numbers end in a zero, US 40 once traversed the entire United States. It is one of the first U. S. Highways created in 1926 and its original termini were in San Francisco and Atlantic City, New Jersey. In the western United States, US 40 was functionally replaced by Interstate 80, resulting in the route being truncated multiple times. US 40 ends at a junction with I-80 in Silver Summit, just outside Park City. Starting at its western terminus in Utah, US 40 crosses a total of 12 states, including Colorado, Missouri, Indiana, West Virginia, Maryland and New Jersey. Three former and four current state capitals lie along the route. For much of its route, US 40 runs parallel to or concurrently with several major Interstate Highways: Interstate 70 from Colorado to Washington, Pennsylvania; the route was built on top of several older highways, most notably the National Road and the Victory Highway.
The National Road was created in 1806 by an act of Congress to serve as the first federally funded highway construction project. When completed it connected Cumberland, with Vandalia, Illinois; the Victory Highway was designated as a memorial to World War I veterans and ran from Kansas City, Missouri to San Francisco, California. Other important roads that have become part of US 40 include Zane's Trace in Ohio, Braddock Road in Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Black Horse Pike in New Jersey, part of the Oregon Trail in Kansas, the Lincoln Highway throughout most of California; the western terminus of US 40 is in Silver Summit, Utah at an interchange with Interstate 80, several miles north of Park City, at Silver Creek Junction. The road is concurrent with US 189. US 40 is a limited access highway from the I-80 junction to its intersection with Utah State Route 32, about 13 miles south of Park City. From there, the road takes a southerly course to Heber City. In Heber City, there is an intersection with SR-113.
One mile US 189 splits off. There would be no more major intersections until US 40 has reached Fruitland, as it meets SR-208. About 18 miles the road enters Duchesne. In Duchesne, it meets US 191 and SR-87. US 40 starts a concurrency; the concurrency continues into Fort Duchesne and Vernal. In Roosevelt, it meets SR-87 again in a 5-point intersection. There are two intersections with SR-121, in Vernal. In Fort Duchesne, there is an intersection with SR-88. After US 40 passes Vernal, US 191 splits off and the concurrency ends. After that, there are no more major intersections until US 40 reaches Naples, as it meets SR-45. About nine miles US 40 enters Jensen. In Jensen, there is an intersection with SR-149. About 18 miles the road enters Colorado. US 40 enters Colorado, 2 miles west of Dinosaur. In Dinosaur, there is an intersection with Colorado State Highway 64. After passing Dinosaur, there are no more major intersections until US 40 reaches Maybell, as it meets with Colorado State Highway 318. 30 miles the road enters Craig.
In Craig, US 40 starts a short concurrency with State Highway 13. After Craig, SH 3 splits off; the road passes through Hayden without major intersections. It exits Hayden and enters Steamboat Springs. There is an intersection with SH 131 and SH 14. US 40 continues southeast into Kremmling. In Kremmling, there is an intersection with SH 134 and SH 9, it exits Kremmling and enters Granby. There is an intersection with US 34; the road passes Fraser and Winter Park without major intersections. About 26 miles US 40 starts a concurrency with I-70. About 15 miles I-70 splits off. Four miles s it is concurrent again. Three miles I-70 splits off again. After the second concurrency with I-70, US 40 enters Denver; the road passes through downtown Denver, has intersections with SH 391, SH 121, SH 95, SH 2 and an interchange with US 287. The route through Denver serves as the business loop for I-70. East of Denver, US 40 becomes concurrent with I-70 once again. Seventy miles it enters Limon. In Limon, I-70 splits off, however the road is still concurrent with US 287.
There is an intersection with SH 71. US 40 passes Hugo without major intersections. In Wild Horse, it meets SH 94. About 20 miles the road enters Kit Carson. There is an intersection with SH 59. After Kit Carson, US 287 splits off and the concurrency ends. After that, there are no more major intersections until US 40 reaches Cheyenne Wells, as it meets US 385 in an interchange; the road passes Arapahoe without major intersections. Seven miles US 40 enters Kansas. US 40 enters Kansas near the unincorporated community of Weskan; the first sizable town it enters is Sharon Springs, where it intersects K-27. From there it goes northeast to Oakley and follows Eagle Eye Road before merging with I-70 east of town; the two routes remain merged until Topeka, although the prior alignment of US 40, named Old Highway 40, parallels I-70 for most of the way. From Ellsworth to Salina, the old alignment of US 40 is signed as K-140. In Topeka, US 40 leaves I-70 at exit 366, follows the Oakland Expressway concurrent with K-4 north to 6th Avenue heads east along 6th Avenue out of town.
Through Topeka, US 40 follows the route of the Oregon Trail. At t
Eastern Illinois University
Eastern Illinois University is a state university in Charleston, Illinois. Established in 1895 as the Eastern Illinois State Normal School, a teacher's college offering a two-year degree, Eastern Illinois University expanded into a comprehensive university with a broad curriculum, including Baccalaureate and Master's degrees in education, arts and humanities. Eastern Illinois Normal School was established by the Illinois State Legislature in 1895 "to train teachers for the schools of East Central Illinois." A 40-acre campus was acquired in Charleston and the first building was commissioned. When the school began classes in 1899, there were an 18-member faculty; the first building was finished in 1899 and is called Old Main, though it is formally named the Livingston C. Lord Administration Building in honor of EIU's first president, who served from 1899 to 1933. Built of Indiana limestone in a heavy Gothic revival style with turrets and battlements, its distinctive outline is the official symbol of the school.
Old Main is one of "Altgeld's castles", five buildings built in the 1890s at the major Illinois state colleges. Governor John Peter Altgeld was instrumental in funding the Illinois university system, he was fond of the Gothic style. Eastern's "Old Main" and Illinois State University's Cook Hall are the only schools where the "castle" is not named after Altgeld. Other original Gothic Revival buildings include Blair Hall. Blair Hall was restored after a disastrous fire in 2004. In fall 2008, the university opened the newly constructed Doudna Fine Arts Center, designed by international architect Antoine Predock; the 138,000-square-foot complex houses the music and visual arts departments. Through the twentieth century, the school changed its name several times in order to reflect its transition from a teachers college into a multi-purpose institution that could be of wider service to Illinois. Thus, Eastern Illinois State Normal School became Eastern Illinois State Teachers College in 1921, which became Eastern Illinois State College in 1947.
In 1957, the Illinois General Assembly changed the name of the institution to Eastern Illinois University. Eastern Illinois University has 7,500 students. Admission is selective. Tuition is $8,880 per year for residents of Illinois and other bordering states, while it is $11,110 for non-residents. Additional fees amount to $2,923.48. The university estimates its average cost-of-attendance to be $24,640 per academic year. There are prominent Communication Disorders and Sciences and Biological Sciences programs, though the College of Education remains the largest department; the university has an endowment of $82 million. The current president is David Glassman. In the US News & World Report college rankings, EIU is classified as a regional public university and fits into one of four regions: the Midwest Region. In the publication's 2019 rankings, EIU ranks No. 5 among its peers in that region. EIU’s Business Program is ranked No. 405 as Best Undergraduate Business Programs. Eastern Illinois University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education.
Eastern Illinois offers 51 undergraduate degree programs. Eastern is divided into four colleges: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Lumpkin College of Business and Technology College of Education College of Health and Human ServicesOther academic divisions include The Graduate School and Jack Pine Honors College, the School of Continuing Education; the Graduate School was founded in 1951 and has an enrollment of 1,800 full and part-time students with more than 300 faculty holding graduate faculty status. The university includes the Center for Academic Support and Achievement, the Office of Inclusion and Academic Engagement, the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs, the Office of Study Abroad; the university's Booth Library hosts yearly exhibits, the Ballenger Teachers Center, numerous digital collections. The main university art museum, the Tarble Arts Center, maintains a 1,000-piece permanent collection, including a 500-piece collection of late 20th-century Illinois folk arts and related archival information.
A majority of the holdings are concentrated on art from the state of Illinois and the Midwest region. Eighty-eight percent of graduates find work in a field related to their major within six months after graduation. Eastern Illinois University offers over 170 student organizations, ranging from religious, service, Greek, governing, social and political organizations; the school's daily newspaper is The Daily Eastern News, founded on Nov. 5, 1915 and is one of only three universities in the United States to run its own newspaper printing press and is one of the smallest universities in the country to have a daily newspaper. Eastern Illinois has a student-run radio station, Hit-Mix 88.9 WEIU, WEIU. The radio station can be heard across Coles County on 88.9 FM, as well as online through their website. WEIU-TV is Eastern Illinois University's student-produced television newscast and streaming live 30-minute newscasts. WEIU covers Champaign, Clark, Crawford, Douglas, Effingham, Macon, Piatt, Sangamon and Vermilion counties in Illinois and Vigo County in Indiana.
Eleven on-campus residence halls include seven co-ed, three female-only, one male-only. Throughout the year the residence halls participate in competitions and various community service activities. Eastern Illinois University features three res
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Albion is a city in and the county seat of Edwards County, United States. The population was 1,988 at the 2010 census; the city was named "Albion" after an poetic reference to the island of Great Britain. Albion is located south of the center of Edwards County at 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W. In it, Illinois Route 130 and Illinois Route 15 meet. Route 130 leads north 25 miles to Olney and south 10 miles to Grayville, while Route 15 leads east 16 miles to Mount Carmel and west 16 miles to Fairfield. According to the 2010 census, Albion has a total area of 2.196 square miles, of which 2.15 square miles is land and 0.046 square miles is water. A 3.8-magnitude earthquake occurred seven and a half miles outside of the city on September 19, 2017. Albion was laid out in 1818 as a utopian community, given the name Albion, a literary name for England. In 1821, the county seat of Edwards County was moved from Palmyra to Albion. However, residents of Mount Carmel felt. Four companies of militia marched from Mount Carmel towards Albion to seize the county documents stored in the courthouse.
The situation was resolved in 1824 by separating Wabash County from Edwards County at Bonpas Creek. The resulting counties remain two of the smallest in Illinois; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,933 people, 861 households, 538 families residing in the city. The population density was 903.8 people per square mile. There were 957 housing units at an average density of 447.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.71% White, 0.16% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.21% from other races, 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population. There were 861 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.4% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 24.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,476, the median income for a family was $36,917. Males had a median income of $26,182 versus $17,375 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,747. About 8.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over. Harold Huntley Bassett, U. S. Air Force major general Morris Birkbeck, first Illinois Secretary of State, one of Albion's founders Louis Lincoln Emmerson, served as Secretary of State of Illinois and Governor of Illinois Benjamin Orange Flower, Journalist Edward Fordham Flower, English brewer Harold A. Garman, U. S. Army medic and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II Guy U.
Hardy, former congressman from Colorado Jeff Keener, former pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals H. H. Kohlsaat and confidante of five U. S. presidents George Frederick Pentecost, prominent clergyman, evangelist and co-worker with revivalist D. L. Moody William Pickering, fifth governor of Washington Territory Bruce Mendenhall, convicted murderer and alleged serial killer A History of Edwards County, Volume One, Library of Congress Card number 80-70649 Charles Boewe, Prairie Albion: An English Settlement in Pioneer Illinois, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, c. 1962 Albion Chamber of Commerce