National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
National Invitation Tournament
The National Invitation Tournament is a men's college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Played at regional sites and at Madison Square Garden in New York City each March and April, it was founded in 1938 and was the most prestigious post-season showcase for college basketball. Over time it became eclipsed by the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament – known today informally as "March Madness"; the NIT has since been regarded more as a "consolation" tournament for teams that did not receive a berth in the NCAA tournament. A second, much more recent "NIT" tournament is played in November and known as the NIT Season Tip-Off; the "Preseason NIT", it was founded in 1985. Like the postseason NIT, its final rounds are played at Madison Square Garden. Both tournaments were operated by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association until 2005, when they were purchased by the NCAA, the MIBA disbanded. Unless otherwise qualified, the terms "NIT" or "National Invitation Tournament" refer to the post-season tournament in both common and official use.
The post-season National Invitation Tournament was founded in 1938 by the Metropolitan Basketball Writers Association, one year after the NAIA Tournament was created by basketball's inventor Dr. James Naismith, one year before the NCAA Tournament; the first NIT was won by the Temple University Owls over the Colorado Buffaloes. Responsibility for the NIT's administration was transferred in 1940 to the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Committee, a body of local New York colleges: Fordham University, Manhattan College, New York University, St. John's University, Wagner College; this became the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association in 1948. The tournament invited a field of 6 teams, with all games played at Madison Square Garden in downtown Manhattan; the field was expanded to 8 teams in 1941, 12 in 1949, 14 in 1965, 16 in 1968, 24 in 1979, 32 in 1980, 40 from 2002 through 2006. In 2007, the tournament reverted to the current 32-team format. In its early years, the NIT offered some advantages over the NCAA tournament: There was limited national media coverage of college basketball in the 1930s and'40s, playing in New York City provided teams greater media exposure, both with the general public and among high school prospects in its rich recruiting territory.
The NCAA tournament selection committee invited only one team each from eight national regions leaving better quality selections and natural rivals out of its field, which would opt for the NIT. From its onset and at least into the mid-1950s, the NIT was regarded as the most prestigious showcase for college basketball. All-American at Princeton and NBA champion with the New York Knicks and United States Senator Bill Bradley stated: In the 1940's, when the NCAA tournament was less than 10 years old, the National Invitation Tournament, a saturnalia held in New York at Madison Square Garden by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association, was the most glamorous of the post-season tournaments and had the better teams; the winner of the National Invitation Tournament was regarded as more of a national champion than the actual, national champion, or winner of the NCAA tournament. Several teams played in both the NIT and NCAA tournaments in the same year, beginning with Colorado and Duquesne in 1940.
Colorado subsequently finished fourth in the NCAA West Region. In 1944, Utah lost its first game in the NIT but proceeded to win not only the NCAA tournament, but the subsequent Red Cross War Charities benefit game in which they defeated NIT champion St. John's at Madison Square Garden. In 1949, some Kentucky players were bribed by gamblers to lose their first round game in the NIT; this same Kentucky team went on to win the NCAA. In 1950, City College of New York won both the NIT and the NCAA tournaments in the same season, coincidentally defeating Bradley University in the championship game of both tournaments, remains the only school to accomplish that feat because of an NCAA committee change in the early 1950s prohibiting a team from competing in both tournaments; the champions of both the NCAA and NIT tournaments played each other for a few years during World War II. From 1943 to 1945, the American Red Cross sponsored a postseason charity game between each year's tournament champions to raise money for the war effort.
The series was described by Ray Meyer as not just benefit games, but as "really the games for the national championship". The NCAA champion prevailed in all three games; the Helms Athletic Foundation retroactively selected the NIT champion as its national champion for 1938, chose the NIT champion over the NCAA champion once, in 1939. More the mathematically based Premo-Porretta Power Poll published in the ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia retroactively ranked teams for each season prior to 1949, with the NIT champion finishing ahead of the NCAA champion in 1939 and 1941. Premo-Porretta ranks four NCAA champions as the best for each season, the rest being non-championship winning teams. Between 1939 and 1970, when teams could compete in either tournament, only DePaul, San Francisco and Holy Cross claim or celebrate national championships for their teams based on an NIT championship, although Long Island recognizes its selection as the 1939 national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation, made in 1943.
In 1943 the NCAA tournament moved to share Madison Square Garden with the NIT in an effort to increase the credibility of the NCAA Tournament. In 1945, The New York Times indicated that many teams could get bids to enter either tournament, not unco
2012 National Invitation Tournament
The 2012 National Invitation Tournament was a single-elimination tournament of 32 NCAA Division I teams that were not selected to participate in the 2012 NCAA Tournament. The annual tournament began on March 13 on campus sites and ended on March 29 at Madison Square Garden. Stanford defeated Minnesota in the final game, by a score of 75–51 to become NIT champions for second time; the following teams were automatic qualifiers for the 2012 NIT field by virtue of winning their conferences' regular season championship but failing to win their conference tournament. These teams did not receive an at-large bid for the NCAA Tournament. Played on the home court of the higher-seeded team except #7 seed Iowa hosts #2 seed Dayton since Dayton is the host of the NCAA First Four and cannot host a first-round NIT game. Played at Madison Square Garden in New York City on March 27 and March 29 2012 Women's National Invitation Tournament 2012 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament 2012 NCAA Division II Men's Basketball Tournament 2012 NCAA Division III Men's Basketball Tournament 2012 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament 2012 NCAA Division II Women's Basketball Tournament 2012 NCAA Division III Women's Basketball Tournament 2012 NAIA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament 2012 NAIA Division II Men's Basketball Tournament 2012 NAIA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament 2012 NAIA Division II Women's Basketball Tournament 2012 College Basketball Invitational 2012 CollegeInsider.com Postseason Tournament
1998 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament
The 1998 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of men's NCAA Division I college basketball. It began on March 12, 1998, ended with the championship game on March 30 at the Alamodome in San Antonio. A total of 63 games were played; the Final Four consisted of Kentucky, making their third consecutive Final Four, making their first appearance since their initial Final Four run in 1942, making their fourth Final Four and first since 1966, North Carolina, who returned for a fourteenth overall time and third in four seasons. Kentucky won the national title, its second in three seasons and seventh overall, by defeating Utah 78–69 in the championship game. Jeff Sheppard of Kentucky was named the tournament's Most Outstanding Player. Kentucky came back from double-digit deficits in each of its last three games in the tournament, including a 17-point second half comeback against the Duke Blue Devils, leading to the school's fans dubbing the team the "Comeback Cats".
This was Kentucky's third straight championship game appearance. Bryce Drew led the 13th-ranked Valparaiso Crusaders to the Sweet Sixteen, including a memorable play that remains part of March Madness lore. For the second consecutive season, a #14 seed advanced from the first round. For the second time in three years, a top seeded team failed to advance to the Sweet Sixteen; that distinction belonged to Midwest Region #1 seed Kansas, defeated by #8 seed Rhode Island. San Antonio became the 26th host city, the Alamodome the 31st host venue, for the Final Four; the 1998 tournament saw two new venues. For the first time the tournament was held within Washington's city limits, at the new MCI Center downtown; the tournament came to Orange County, California for the first time, at the Arrowhead Pond, home to the NHL's Mighty Ducks. The tournament returned to St. Louis in 1998, playing at the Kiel Center, successor venue to both Kiel Auditorium and the St. Louis Arena, and for the first time in 45 years, the tournament was held within Chicago city limits at the United Center, successor venue to the old Chicago Stadium, across the street from the new venue.
The tournament marked the last appearance of the Myriad Convention Center in Oklahoma City, with future games held at the Chesapeake Energy Arena directly across the street. * – Denotes overtime period Jim Nantz and Billy Packer – First & Second Round at Atlanta, Georgia. C..
Kevin E. Stallings is an American basketball coach, who served as the head coach at Illinois State University, Vanderbilt University and the University of Pittsburgh, he was the University of Kansas. Stallings was born in Illinois, he graduated from Collinsville High School in Collinsville, Illinois in 1978, where he played guard for four years under legendary coach Vergil Fletcher and won three conference championships. The Kahoks went 30–1 his junior season and lost to De La Salle in the first round of the Illinois state tournament, 67–66. In his senior season, the Kahoks finished third in the state tournament, they lost in the semi-finals 55–53 to eventual champion Lockport Central, who finished the season 33–0. Stallings still holds Collinsville records for career assists, season assists and season steals. After a year at Belleville Area College in Belleville, where his team went 28–9 and made the NJCAA tournament, Stallings enrolled at Purdue and played three years, his first season, the Boilermakers finished with a 27–8 record under coach Lee Rose and reached the NCAA Final Four.
Purdue reached the NIT Final Four in Stallings’ junior and senior seasons, Gene Keady's first two seasons at the helm of the Boilermakers. Stallings averaged 4.3 points and 2.6 assists per game. Stallings received a bachelor's degree in business management in 1982 and a master's degree in counseling in 1984, both from Purdue. After graduation in 1982, Stallings began as assistant coach at Purdue under Gene Keady. From 1982 to 1988, Purdue amassed a 140–44 record, winning three Big Ten Championships and reaching the NCAA Tournament all six years; the highlight was a Sweet Sixteen appearance in 1988, when the Boilermakers finished 29–4 and earned a number one seed in the NCAA Tournament. In the summer of 1988, Stallings was hired by Roy Williams, who had taken over at Kansas after Larry Brown's surprising NCAA Tournament championship. During the next five seasons, the Jayhawks compiled a 132–38 record and reached four NCAA Tournaments, they advanced to the Final Four twice. In 1991, they lost to Duke in the finals, 72–65, while in 1993, they lost in the semifinals to North Carolina, 78–68.
In 1993, Stallings became the 15th head coach at Illinois State following Bob Bender's move to the University of Washington. The Redbirds went 123–63 during his six-year tenure and reached the NCAA Tournament and the NIT twice each, his winning percentage of.661 is the highest by an Illinois State coach who coached at least five years. Following a 16–11 record his first season, Stallings led Illinois State a 20–13 record in his second year, they lost to Washington State 83–80 in the second round of the 1995 NIT. In 1995–96, the Redbirds again finished second in the MVC and advanced to the quarterfinals of the NIT, where they lost to Tulane 83–72. In 1996–97, Illinois State won the Missouri Valley Conference regular season title and tournament to reach the NCAA Tournament for the first time since 1990; the Redbirds lost to Iowa State in the first round 69 -- 57 in Michigan. In 1997–98, led by MVC player of the year Rico Hill and Dan Muller, Illinois State swept the MVC regular season and tournament titles for the second consecutive year.
The Redbirds beat Tennessee 82–81 in overtime in the first round of the NCAA Tournament in Sacramento, before losing to 4th-ranked Arizona in the second round 82–49. Following the season, Stallings was named MVC coach of the year. After losing four starters, the Redbirds fell back to 16–15 in Stallings’ final year. Stallings became head coach at Vanderbilt in 1999. In his first season, the Commodores rebounded from a 14–15 record to finish 19–11, they were led by SEC Player of the Year Dan Langhi. The Commodores slipped to 15–15 in 2000–01 and missed the postseason, although Matt Freije became only the fifth Commodore to be named to the SEC All-Freshman team. In 2001–02, they improved marginally to 17–15. Wins at Tennessee and against No. 11 Kentucky in the final week helped Vanderbilt secure an NIT berth. They beat Houston 59–50 in the opening round before losing in the next. Freije earned third-team All-SEC honors, Brian Thornton became the sixth Commodore to be named to the SEC All-Freshman team.
In 2002–03, Stallings suffered the first losing season of his career, when the Commodores slumped to 11–18. Freije was named second-team All-SEC by the league's coaches. In 2003–04, Stallings led the Commodores to a 23–10 record and the Sweet Sixteen of the NCAA Tournament; the Commodores had a 66–60 regular season win over No. 4 Kentucky and knocked off No. 9 Mississippi State in the SEC Tournament before losing to Florida in the semi-finals. In the NCAA tournament, Vanderbilt received a No. 6 seed and defeated Western Michigan 71–58 in the first round. In the second round, the Commodores trailed third-seeded North Carolina State 67–56 with 3:45 to play, but Freije keyed a 19–6 Vanderbilt run to end the game for a 75–73 win. Vanderbilt lost to eventual national champion Connecticut 73–53 in the Sweet Sixteen. Freije was finished as Vanderbilt's leading all-time scorer. In 2004–05, the Commodores narrowly missed the NCAA tournament, finishing 20–14. Vanderbilt beat Indiana and Wichita State in the NIT before losing to Memphis in the quarterfinals, 81–68.
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
Illinois State Redbirds
The Illinois State Redbirds are the athletic teams that represent Illinois State University in Normal, Illinois. Teams play at the NCAA Division I level; the football team competes in the Missouri Valley Football Conference while most other teams compete in the Missouri Valley Conference. The fight song is Go, You Redbirds. Illinois State began its athletics program more than 100 years ago; the school, an NCAA Division I competitor for a decade, left behind its independent status in 1980 and affiliated itself with the Missouri Valley Conference. From 1981 to 1992, Redbird women's teams competed under the Gateway Conference banner before women's sports were absorbed into the Missouri Valley Conference. In 1923, athletics director Clifford E. "Pop" Horton and the Daily Pantagraph sports editor Fred Young collaborated to change the university's nickname from "Teachers." Horton wanted "Cardinals" because the colors were white. Young changed the nickname to "Red Birds" to avoid confusion in the headlines with the St. Louis Cardinals.
It took 10 years for Red Birds to become one word. Since that time, Illinois State Athletics' fans have been enjoying the rich success that nearly all Redbird Athletics teams have enjoyed. From 1908-1970, Illinois State was affiliated with the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference and were charter members. Athletics at Illinois State consists of 17 intercollegiate sports, having won 125 league titles in 23 years. Today, 14 of the 17 Redbird sports compete in the Missouri Valley Conference, with the football team playing in the Missouri Valley Football Conference known as the Gateway Conference. On 7 April 2015, seven men died when a owned Cessna 414 carrying Redbirds men's basketball coach Torrey Ward, Deputy Director of Athletics Aaron Leetch, five community members and athletics supporters crashed; the group was returning from Indianapolis, where they attended the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Final. The plane crashed in a soybean field outside of Central Illinois Regional Airport in McLean County.
The University and Athletics Department memorialized the victims in several ways, including a uniform patch worn by all 19 teams throughout the 2015–16 sports seasons. In addition, a permanent memorial called Redbird Remembrance directly in the heart of the Redbird Athletics. A member of the Missouri Valley Conference, Illinois State University sponsors eight men's and eleven women's teams in NCAA sanctioned sports: Missouri Valley Conference Titles Regular Season: 1984, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, 2017 Conference Tournament: 1983, 1990, 1997, 1998NCAA Appearances: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1990, 1997, 1998 NIT Appearances: 1977, 1978, 1980, 1987, 1988, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2017 CBI Appearance: 2014 Missouri Valley Conference Titles: 1983, 1989, 2005, 2008, 2009 NCAA Appearances: 1983, 1985, 1989, 2005, 2008 Women's National Invitation Tournament Appearances: 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 During the 2007-2008 season, former Head Coach Dr. Jill Hutchinson was recognized for her pioneering work in the advancement of women’s basketball.
A banner was hung from the rafters at Redbird Arena in her honor. 2009 Kristi Cirone becomes the all-time leading scorer. December 28, 2009 Kristi Cirone's No. 10 jersey was retired at Redbird Arena. Missouri Valley Conference Regular Season Titles: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2016 Missouri Valley Conference Tournament Titles: 2003, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016 NCAA Appearances: 2003, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016 2016: W vs. Michigan, L vs. #3 Duke First season: 1996 All-Time Record: 225-145-37 All-Time Missouri Valley Conference Record: 82-25-11 10 Missouri Valley Conference Players of the Year Missouri Valley Football Conference Championships: 1999, 2014, 2015 NCAA Division I Football Championship Playoffs: 1998, 1999, 2006, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016 1998: Lost at Northwestern State 1999: Defeated Colgate and Hofstra before losing at eventual National Champion Georgia Southern 2006: Lost at Youngstown State 2012: Defeated App State in overtime before losing at Eastern Washington 2014: Defeated UNI, Eastern Washington, New Hampshire before losing to NDSU in the FCS National Championship Game 2015: Defeated UNI before losing to Richmond 2016: Lost at Central ArkansasFCS National Championship Game Bowl Games The 1999 & 2006 the Midwest Region Championship was referred to as the Pecan Bowl In 1999 the Redbirds football team advanced to the Final Four and finished 3rd in the AP poll.
Illinois State holds the NCAA Division I FCS record for the most tied football games with 66. Illinois State's softball team played in the Women's College World Series eight times in 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1978 and 1981; the team finished as runner-up in the first WCWS in 1969, in 1973, falling to Arizona State, 4-3, in 16 innings in the title game. On the day of the 1973 defeat, Redbirds pitcher Margie Wright heroically hurled 30 innings in three games. For pitching too many innings in one day, a three-woman Illinois sports commission suspended her from pitching in any game in her upcoming senior season and banned the softball team from post-season play in 1974. Wright went on to play professional softball, followed by a 33-year head coaching career, she coached the Redbirds from 1980–85, followed by 27 years at Fresno State, where she became the first NCAA Division I softball coach to reach 1000 wins and the NCAA's all-time winningest softball coach. Doug Collins Court at Redbird Arena – main indoor arena.
Hancock Stadium – football stadium. Duffy Bass Field – baseball field. Adelaide Street Field – soccer field. McCormick Courts – outdoor tennis courts. Marian Kneer Softball S