Iluminado Lucente

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Iluminado Lucente (May 14, 1883 - February 14, 1960) was a Filipino writer, primarily writing poetry and drama in the Waray language. He is considered to be one of the finest writers in the Waray language.

Lucente was a member of the Sanghiran san Binisaya ha Samar ug Leyte (Academy of the Visayan Language of Samar and Leyte). His most famous work is the poem An Iroy Nga Tuna (The Motherland).

Lucente was born on May 14, 1883 into a well off family, to Curicoco Lucente and Aurora Garcia, in Palo, Leyte, his family's status allowed him to be tutored privately, before he attended University in Manila.[1]

In 1906, Lucente established the periodical An Kaadlawon ("The Day Break"), becoming responsible for the proliferation of Waray literature in the years to come.[2]

Becoming Mayor of Tacloban in 1912, he was elected to congress for Leyte, and later became Secretary to the Governor, then Secretary of the Senate, for Senate president Franciso Enage.[1]

He wrote about 30 plays[3], and was known for both satire using character stereotypes and linguistic humor, which often took the form of plays on language, combining the sounds of Spanish, English and Waray.[1][4][5]



  • An Iroy Nga Tuna (1945)
  • Baga Durogas Ngan Baga Tinuod (1939)
  • Hangin Gad La (1960)
  • Pilipinas (1904)
  • Gugma (1939)
  • Panhayhay (Ginsa-aran)
  • Bumangon Ka, Pepe! (1909)
  • Debelopmental Nga Istorya
  • It's Just the Wind


  • Abugho (1924)
  • An Duha nga Sportsmen (1926)
  • Diri Daraga, Diri Balo, Diri Inasaw-an ("Not a Maiden, Not a Widow, Not a Married Woman", 1929)[6]
  • Up Limit Pati An Gugma ("Even Love Is Off Limits", 1945)[6]


  1. ^ a b c Philippine Studies: Have We Gone Beyond St. Louis?. Patajo-Legasto, Priscelina. Diliman, Quezon City. ISBN 9715425917. OCLC 488762374.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ Weightman, George (1985). Jose, F. Sionil (ed.). "Philippine Sociology and Its Colonial Past". Solidarity. Solidaridad Publishing House. 102–109: 113. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  3. ^ Sugbo, Victor. N. "The Literature of Eastern Visayas". National commission for culture and the arts. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  4. ^ S., Bagulaya, Jose Duke (2006). Writing literary history : mode of economic production and twentieth century Waray poetry. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. pp. 7–8. ISBN 9715424368. OCLC 82926865.
  5. ^ Sugbo, Victor N. (2003). "Language policy and local literature in the Philippines" (PDF). Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  6. ^ a b Tiongson, Nicanor G (2015). "A SHORT HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINE SARSUWELA (1879-2009)". Philippine Humanities Review. 11.1-2: 149–183.