Dairy Queen is a chain of soft serve ice cream and fast-food restaurants owned by International Dairy Queen, Inc. a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway. International Dairy Queen, Inc. owns Orange Julius and Karmelkorn. The first DQ restaurant was located in Illinois, it was operated by Sherb Noble and opened for business on June 22, 1940. It served a variety such as soft serve ice cream; the company's corporate offices are located in the Minneapolis suburb of Minnesota. The soft-serve formula was first developed in 1938 by Douds, Iowa-born John Fremont "J. F." "Grandpa" McCullough and his son Alex. They convinced friend and loyal customer Sherb Noble to offer the product in his ice cream store in Kankakee, Illinois. On the first day of sales, Noble dished out more than 1,600 servings of the new dessert within two hours. Noble and the McCulloughs went on to open the first Dairy Queen store in 1940 in Joliet, Illinois. While this Dairy Queen has not been in operation since the 1950s, the building still stands at 501 N Chicago St. as a city-designated landmark.
Since 1940, the chain has used a franchise system to expand its operations globally. In the US, the state with the most Dairy Queen restaurants is Texas. Using the 2010 census, the state with the most Dairy Queen Restaurants per person is Minnesota. International Dairy Queen, Inc. is the parent company of Dairy Queen. In the United States, it operates under American Dairy Queen Corp. At the end of fiscal year 2014, Dairy Queen reported over 6,400 stores in more than 25 countries. DQ was an early pioneer of food franchising, expanding its 10 stores in 1941 to 100 by 1947, 1,446 in 1950, 2,600 in 1955; the first store in Canada opened in Estevan, Saskatchewan, in 1953. The red Dairy Queen symbol was introduced in 1958; the company became International Dairy Queen, Inc. in 1962. In 1987, IDQ bought the Orange Julius chain. IDQ was acquired by Berkshire Hathaway in 1998. Dairy Queens were a fixture of social life in small towns of the Midwestern and Southern United States during the 1950s and 1960s. In that role, they have come to be referenced as a symbol of life in small-town America, as in Walter Benjamin at the Dairy Queen: Reflections at Sixty and Beyond by Larry McMurtry, Dairy Queen Days by Robert Inman, Chevrolet Summers, Dairy Queen Nights by Bob Greene.
The company's stores are operated under several brands, all bearing the distinctive Dairy Queen logo and carrying the company's signature soft-serve ice cream. In the 1970s, most restaurants were "Brazier" locations with a second floor for storage, recognizable for their red mansard roofs; as of the end of 2014, Dairy Queen had more than 6,400 stores in 27 countries, including more than 1,400 locations outside the United States and Canada. The largest Dairy Queen in the United States is located in Illinois; the largest store in the world was built in Saudi Arabia. The busiest store in the world is located in Prince Edward Island. While some stores serve a abbreviated menu featuring DQ frozen treats and may be open only during spring and summer, the majority of DQ restaurants serve hot food and are open all year. So-called "Limited Brazier" locations may additionally offer hot dogs, barbecue beef sandwiches, in some cases french fries and chicken, but not hamburgers. Dairy Queen Full Brazier restaurants serve a normal fast-food menu featuring burgers, french fries, grilled and crispy chicken in addition to frozen treats and hot dogs.
In some locations built in the 1990s, the "Hot Eats, Cool Treats" slogan can be seen printed on windows or near the roof of the building. One such example was a former Dairy Queen Brazier location in Woodinville, where the slogan was printed near the tops of the windows; this location was converted into a Grill & Chill store around late 2016-2017. Known as the "Treat Center" concept, an enhanced version of the original stores serves drinks and foods from the Orange Julius menu; this was the company's preferred concept for new, small-scale locations in shopping mall food courts. Some early Treat Centers included Karmelkorn. Since 2012, all Dairy Queen locations feature Orange Julius drinks, except for the select few stores under private ownership; the name "Brazier" originated in 1957 when one of the company's franchisees, Jim Cruikshank, set out to develop the standardized food system. When he witnessed flames rising from an open charcoal grill in a New York eatery, he knew he had found the Brazier concept.
The "Brazier" name has been phased out of signage and advertising since 1993, although it has not been removed from all existing signage in many smaller towns and rural locations. Since the early 2000s, new or renovated locations which are similar to Brazier restaurants in terms of size and menu selection, but have been updated with the current logo and/or exterior carry the name "DQ Restaurant", although the website's store locator still lists the stores that do not carry the "Grill & Chill" name as "Dairy Queen Brazier" and the smaller stores "Dairy Queen Ltd Brazier" and "Dairy Queen Stores". However, the company website still considers their burger and hot dog lines as "Brazier Foods", according to the history section and some FAQ listed topics in the website. DQ Grill & Chill locations feature hot food, table delivery, self-serve soft drinks, it is the new concept for renovated full-service restaurants. Stores are larger than older-style locations and feature a new store design. In most cases, they offer an expanded menu including breakfast, Grill Burgers, grilled sandwiches, as well
Pacific Sunwear of California Inc. branded as PacSun, is a United States-based retail clothing brand rooted in the youth oriented culture and lifestyle of California. The company sells lifestyle apparel, along with footwear and accessories designed for teens and young adults; as of late 2017, the company operated over 600 stores in all Puerto Rico. PacSun is headquartered in Anaheim and operates a distribution center in Olathe, Kansas; the company's regional directors, district managers and store positions are located throughout the United States. The company is now owned by Golden Gate Capital; this was the company's third time filing bankruptcy. Founded by Jack Hopkins and Tom Moore in September 1982, its roots can be traced back to a small surf shop in Seal Beach, CA; the company offers products for both men and women that include: jeans, tanks, knits, hoodies, bikinis, pants, rompers, sweaters, snow apparel, shoes and accessories. The company went public at its height had over 1,300 stores in all 50 states.
As of April 2016, PacSun had 583 stores. PacSun built its business selling merchandise from established surf brands but expanded to include skate and streetwear labels. PacSun opened a second chain of stores called d.e.m.o. in 2000. The last of these stores closed in 2008. In 2012, PacSun collaborated with sisters Kendall Jenner and Kylie Jenner to produce their own fashion line. In 2009, Gary Schoenfeld became the CEO of PacSun. In 2017, Schoenfeld was replaced by James Gulmi. In 2018, PacSun merged with Eddie Bauer owned by Golden Gate, to form PSEB. In May 2011, PacSun launched its first national advertising campaign called'Dress Irresponsibly'; the highlight of the campaign included television commercials aired across a variety of networks that featured famous athletes from the brands they work with. Appearances by Rob Machado, Bucky Lasek, Chris Pfanner, Kelia Moniz, Ryan Dungey and Leo Romero, were significant in helping re-establish the brand among its male audience. Other elements of the campaign included print media in both endemic and fashion publications, a digital engagement initiative on Facebook titled'Dress Irresponsibly: Style Challenge.'
Through a customized Facebook app fans were encouraged to upload photos of themselves that met weekly style challenges in exchange for a chance to win a styling gig at Nylon in New York City. Following the launch of the Dress Irresponsibly campaign, PacSun continued to evolve from just a surf and skate apparel shop into a leading retailer of emerging brands for women. Collaborations with notable design minded labels Whitley Kros and LnA coupled with a turn to style and fashion focused garments has given the brand an elevated look. In an attempt to connect to the company's California roots, the brand launched a national digital and print initiative titled Golden State of Mind. Golden State of Mind, or GSOM for short, is about celebrating the creativity and diversity of California and its people. Working with photographers Nicholas Maggio, Harper Smith and Andrew Kuykendall, PacSun has looked to capture the beauty and imagination of California through lifestyle imagery from such places as Lake Arrowhead, Los Angeles, Pismo Beach, Big Sur, San Francisco.
As part of the initiative, the retail giant created. The site includes an interactive experience containing: campaign imagery and videos, landscape photography, a series of city videos that highlight the best places and locations in California, an interactive map, a user generated social media feed from Instagram, a blog focused on: fashion, art, action sports and brands. On February 23, 2005, the company restated results for certain periods to correct its accounting for leases. Official website
Cherryvale Mall is a shopping mall in Rockford, along its border with Cherry Valley. Located at the intersection of US 20, Interstate 39, Interstate 90, the two-story mall is the largest shopping mall in northern Illinois outside of suburban Chicago. Along with being the largest mall in the region, Cherryvale is notable for being the first mall in Rockford designed as a enclosed shopping center along with the opening of the first Marshall Field's department store in Illinois outside of the Chicago region. Developed by the Richard E. Jacobs Group, the mall is owned by CBL & Associates Properties, who acquired it in 2001. Anchors stores include JCPenney, Macy's, Sears; the Mall at Cherryvale opened in the fall of 1973 with a two-story Sears and a 3-story Marshall Field's. Alongside Sears and Marshall Field's, the mall opened with 23 additional stores, including Lane Bryant, Kroch's & Brentano's Booksellers, Casual Corner, Chess King and Disc Records. Within a year of its opening, H. C. Prange opened with a Prange Way discount store.
Located nearly 6 miles from the city center of Rockford, the 233-acre mall was located at the intersection of the US 20 bypass and the Northwest Tollway. Although not the first enclosed mall in the Rockford region, Cherryvale was the first designed to be enclosed. In 1975, the mall opened the first of two theater complexes, with a free-standing 3-screen complex northeast of the mall. In 1983, a four-screen theater opened in the lower floor of the mall between Prange's and Prange Way. By the beginning of the 1980s, the mall took on the shorter name "Cherryvale Mall". Following the growth of the mall, several businesses had begun to use the outlots surrounding the mall, including an automobile dealership, gas station, jewelry shop, bowling alley, toy store, water park. In 1989, following the closure of the Prange Way sub-anchor store, the entire mall underwent its first major renovation; the Prange Way space on the lower floor was converted into a food court with a Sbarro and Quencher's Smoothies, as well as the addition of a main entrance on the north side of the upper floor.
From 1992 to 1996, the mall would change one of its anchors, twice. In 1992, HC Prange was acquired by Iowa-based Younkers; the lower-level movie theater was remodeled into retail space shortly after its closure, although the freestanding movie theater would remain vacant for nearly 15 years, before becoming remodeled. In 2001, the mall was acquired by CBL & Associates Properties. Shortly after the acquisition of the mall and Cherry Valley underwent a street expansion project around the mall, connecting two major streets together. Shortly after, additional commercial development began, including a grocery store, several restaurants, convenience store; as the new owners, during 2004, CBL gave Cherryvale Mall its second major renovation, including the most extensive changes to its exterior since 1973. To increase space in the center court of the mall, the two inclined moving walkways were removed in favor of a glass elevator. At the expense of removing the main entrance, CBL added J. C. Penney as a fourth anchor store on the top floor, expanding retail space to 806,900 square feet.
The food court was renovated, with the chairs and tables being replaced with new one, new lighting, new floor tiles. New pillars were added. Unlike the previous pillars, these made out of bricks. In September 2006, the Marshall Field's location at the mall was rebranded as a Macy's. In 2007, CBL began expansion of a "lifestyle" component, intended to attract middle to upper-class shoppers. Featuring a Barnes & Noble as an anchor, the 75,000 square foot addition was built in the parking lot sandwiched between Bergner's and Macy's. In 2015, the mall became part of the Tesla Supercharger network, adding 6 Superchargers to a lower-level parking lot. On April 18, 2018, as part of the liquidation of its parent company, The Bon-Ton Stores, it was announced that anchor store Bergner's would close on August 29, 2018; the lower level of the anchor has been replaced by a Choice furniture location, while the upper level still sits vacant. On December 28, 2018, it was announced that Sears would be closing as part of a plan to close 80 stores nationwide.
The store will close in March 2019. As of January 2018, Cherryvale Mall has 140 stores on 850,253 square feet. Sears J. C. Penney Macy's Choice Furniture H. C. Prange Prange Way Younkers Bergner's Marshall Field's Woodfield Mall - largest shopping mall in Illinois Off
Sterling Jewelers, Inc. is an American specialty jewelry company headquartered in Akron, Ohio. The company was founded in 1910 from LeRoy's Jewelers in Lorain, Ohio. Sterling Jewelers is a wholly owned subsidiary of UK-based Signet Jewelers Limited, having been acquired in 1987. Signet Jewelers, based in the U. K. is a specialty retail jeweler, with stores in the United States, United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands. 78% of company sales are derived from the 12 different store brands operating in the U. S, they include Belden Jewelers, Ernest Jones, Goodman Jewelers, H. Samuel, J. B. Robinson Jewelers, JamesAllen.com, Jared The Galleria Of Jewelry, Kay Jewelers, Signet Jewelers Limited, Le Roy's Jewelers, Marks & Morgan, Osterman Jewelers, Peoples, Piercing Pagoda, Rogers Jewelers, Shaw's Jewelers, Weisfield Jewelers, Zales, among others. According to the company's 2 February 2008 Annual Report & Accounts, Sterling has the number-two position in the U. S. with a 4.2% market share of all jewelry purchases.
Sterling has a leading 8.8% market share in the specialty jeweler market share. Since 2009, Sterling Jewelers has been a corporate sponsor of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, making a number of donations to many of the hospital's building and research projects. In February 2015, the company's senior vice president of field operations estimated that the company's past commitments to the St. Jude amounted to more than $90 million. In February 2014, Signet Jewelers Ltd. agreed to buy Zale Corporation, with Zale shareholders receiving US$21 a share in cash in a US$1.4 billion deal. This merger will create a $6.2 billion firm. In August 2017, it was announced that Signet Jewelers Ltd. agreed to buy R2Net, owner of online jewelry retailer JamesAllen.com, for $328 million. Sterling Jewelers is being sued by 69,000 female employees and former employees for sexual harassment and sex discrimination in an ongoing class arbitration proceeding, In February 2017, The Washington Post obtained and reported on declarations made by about 250 women and men who worked for the company.
The declarations state that men in supervisory roles at Kay Jewelers and Jared the Galleria of Jewelry sexually harassed younger saleswomen by groping, making demeaning comments, demanding of sexual favors in return for promotion and higher pay. Signet Jewelers's CEO Mark Light and other senior executives were among those accused of demanding sexual favors; the former employees accuse Sterling of wage violations, contending that women at the company were "systematically paid less than men and passed over for promotions given to less experienced male colleagues." The company denies the allegations. Separately, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission brought sex discrimination claims against the company in 2008. In May 2017, the EEOC and Sterling Jewelers settled the case by a consent decree; the EEOC settlement does not affect the separate class action proceeding. On January 16, 2019, Sterling Jewelers paid $11 million under a settlement with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau; the Bureau's investigations concluded that Sterling violated the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 by signing customers up for store credit without their knowledge or consent and enrolling them in payment-protection insurance.
The investigations found that the company violated the Truth in Lending Act when customers were signed-up for credit-card accounts without receiving an application from them. Sterling's parent company, Signet Jewelers Ltd, refused the allegations but accepted the settlement. In April 2019, Kay Jewelers announced. Official website
Foot Locker Retail, Inc. is an American sportswear and footwear retailer, with its headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, operating in 28 countries worldwide. Although established in 1974, founded as a separate company in 1988, Foot Locker is a successor corporation to the F. W. Woolworth Company, as many of its freestanding stores were former Woolworth's locations; the company operates the eponymous “Foot Locker” chain of athletic footwear retail outlets, other athletic-based divisions including Champs Sports, Footaction USA, House of Hoops, Eastbay/Footlocker.com, which owns the rights to Final-Score. The company is famous for its employees' uniforms at its flagship Foot Locker chain, resembling those of referees. According to the company's filings with the SEC, as of January 28, 2017, Foot Locker, Inc. had 3,363 mall-based stores in the United States, Canada and Asia. Nearly 70% of its product is from Nike. In 1963, the F. W. Woolworth Company operated it as a subsidiary. In the 1960s, Kinney branched into specialty shoe stores, including Stylco in 1967, Susie Casuals in 1968, Foot Locker on September 12, 1974.
The first Foot Locker opened in the Puente Hills Mall in the City of Industry and still is open today. Woolworth diversified its portfolio of specialty stores in the 1980s, including Afterthoughts, Northern Reflections, Rx Place, Champs Sports. By 1989, the company was pursuing an aggressive strategy of multiple specialty store formats targeted at enclosed shopping malls; the idea was that if a particular concept failed at a given mall, the company could replace it with a different concept. The company aimed for 10 stores in each of the country's major shopping malls, but this never came to pass as Woolworth never developed that many successful specialty store formats. In 1988, the F. W. Woolworth Company incorporated a separate company called the Woolworth Corporation in the state of New York; the Woolworth Corporation was responsible for the operations of the Foot Locker stores, among the other specialty chains operated by Woolworth's. One of its first moves was the acquisition of Champs Sports and to rename itself the Woolworth Athletic Group.
During the 1980s and 1990s, the F. W. Woolworth Company's flagship department store chain fell into decline culminating in the closure of the last stores operating under the name of Woolworth's in the United States in 1997. Deciding to continue aggressive expansion into the athletic business in the following years, the company acquired Eastbay in 1997, the largest athletic catalog retailer in the United States, as well as subsequent purchases of regional storefront retailers Sporting Goods and The Athletic Fitters. After 1997, Wal-Mart replaced Woolworth in the Dow Jones average; the Woolworth Corporation remained the parent company of Foot Locker, in 1998 it changed its name to "Venator Group, Inc." By the 1990s, Foot Locker was responsible for more than 70 percent of Kinney Shoe Corp. sales, while traditional shoe retailer Kinney was in decline. Venator announced the shuttering of the remaining Kinney Shoe and Footquarters stores on September 16, 1998. On February 12, 1999, a federal jury in Austin awarded $341,000 Thursday to a former Foot Locker shoe store manager who said the company systematically discriminated against its African American employees by offering more opportunities for promotions to white managers.
As the “Foot Locker” brand had become the Woolworth/Venator company's top performing line, on November 2, 2001 Venator changed its name to Foot Locker, Inc. On November 19, 2004, Foot Locker announced that its quarterly profit rose 19 percent, helped by stronger sales. In 2004, Foot Locker acquired the Footaction USA brand and 350 stores from Footstar for $350 million. On April 14, 2004, Foot Locker Inc. announced that it agreed to buy about 350 Footaction stores from bankrupt Footstar Inc. for $160 million to expand in urban areas. On January 10, 2005, the company announced that Nick Grayston was promoted to President and Chief Executive Officer of its Foot Locker U. S. division, succeeding Tim Finn who retired from the company. In 2007, Foot Locker joined with schoolPAX to launch the Foot Locker School Rewards Program, designed to provide charitable donations to schools who sign up and shop at Foot Locker with a custom-coded keytag or school code. Foot Locker purchased a skateboarding equipment retailer, from Alloy for $103 Million in cash.
In 2011, Foot Locker joined DoSomething. Org for the Foot Locker Scholar Athletes program, which honors high school athletes for demonstrating academic excellence as well as flexing their hearts on their sports team and in their communities. On June 26, 2012, Foot Locker celebrated the 100th anniversary of the first stock offering made by its predecessor, the F. W. Woolworth Company, on the New York Stock Exchange by ringing the Closing Bell for the trading day. In 2013, the company acquired the German retailer Runners Point Group. After not meeting corporate expectations, Foot Locker planned to close its CCS unit but instead sold it to Daddies Board Shop in 2014. Foot Locker has risen in Fortune 500 rank, from 446 in 2011, to 435 in 2012, 413 in 2013, 400 in 2014. Foot Locker has recorded a record turnover of 7.151 billion dollars at the end of the fiscal year. Official website History of Kinney Shoes
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River, its capital is Lansing, its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas; the Lower Peninsula is noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan; the Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair; as a result, it is one of the leading U.
S. states for recreational boating. Michigan has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline; the area was first occupied by a succession of Native American tribes over thousands of years. Inhabited by Natives, Métis, French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France colony. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War; the area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as a free one, it soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies. While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, agriculture and high-tech industry; when the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the Boodewaadamii/Bodéwadmi. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires; the Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest. The Ojibwe were established in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and northern and central Michigan, inhabited Ontario and southern Manitoba, Canada; the Ottawa lived south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and southern Michigan, but in southern Ontario, northern Ohio and eastern Wisconsin.
The Potawatomi were in southern and western Michigan, in addition to northern and central Indiana, northern Illinois, southern Wisconsin, southern Ontario. Other Algonquian tribes in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, the Sac, the Fox; the Wyandot were an Iroquoian-speaking people in this area. French voyageurs and coureurs des bois settled in Michigan in the 17th century; the first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlé's expedition in 1622. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions. Missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were well received by the area's Indian populations, with few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph. In 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present-day city of Niles.
In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or "Fort Pontchartrain on-the-Strait" on the strait, known as the Detroit River, between lakes Saint Clair and Erie. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV's chief minister, Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and discourage British aspirations; the hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac's wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in what was considered the wilderness of Michigan; the town became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year. While the original building does not survive, the congregation remains active. Cadillac departed to serve as the French governor of Louisiana from 1710 to 1716.
French attempts to consol
Meridian Mall is a super-regional shopping mall located in Okemos, Meridian Township, a suburb of Lansing, United States. It opened in 1969, the same year as its main competitor, Lansing Mall, on the other end of the Lansing metropolitan area; the mall featured the J. W. Knapp Company and Woolco as its anchor stores, underwent a large number of expansions in its history. A G. C. Murphy dime store was subdivided for additional mall space in 1979, while J. W. Knapp sold its store to J. C. Penney a year later. Expansions in 1982 and 1987 added two more wings of stores anchored by Hudson's and Mervyn's, while the closure of Woolco allowed for the addition of a food court and Service Merchandise. Further renovations at the beginning of the 21st century relocated the food court and replaced Service Merchandise with Jacobson's, while adding Galyan's and several other big-box stores. After only two years in business, the Jacobson's store converted to Younkers; this arrangement remained until parent company The Bon-Ton filed for bankruptcy in 2018 and closed all stores.
Meridian Mall features a movie theater on its periphery. The mall's anchor stores are J. C. Penney, Macy's, Dick's Sporting Goods. Other major tenants include Bed Bath & Beyond, H&M, Launch Trampoline, Old Navy, Planet Fitness, Schuler Books & Music. Meridian Mall is owned and managed by CBL Properties, which has owned it since 1998. Meridian Mall was built by the M. H. Hausman Company and opened to the public on November 6, 1969; the mall was built at the northwest corner of Grand River Avenue and Marsh Road in Meridian Charter Township. The mall featured two anchor stores: the Lansing-based J. W. Knapp Company and Woolco, a discount department store owned by the F. W. Woolworth Company. Major tenants at the time included the Meridian 4, a four-screen movie theater multiplex operated by American Multi-Cinema, along with a G. C. Murphy dime store, a Cunningham Drug pharmacy, a Hamady Brothers supermarket. Two local restaurants, Schensul's Cafeteria and Elias Brothers Big Boy had locations in the mall.
The Hamady store was closed in 1972 and remained vacant until 1976, when it was converted to a second movie theater complex that featured four screens. This newer theater became known as Meridian East 4, while the existing ones were renamed Meridian West 4. In 1979, the G. C. Murphy store was closed and its space was divided into a new mall section consisting of twelve shops, known as "The Court". Among the first stores to open in The Court were CardAmerica, Casual Corner, MC Sports. J. W. Knapp filed for bankruptcy in 1980 sold all three of its shopping mall stores to J. C. Penney. A new wing was added to the south end of Meridian Mall in 1982, bringing in the Detroit-based Hudson's as a third anchor. New tenants in the Hudson's wing included several clothing stores and a Foot Locker, while the existing mall was refurbished with new planters, seating and canopies over the mall entrances. In 1982, the F. W. Woolworth Company closed all stores in the Woolco division, in 1983, the vacated Woolco space was subdivided for a 50,000-square-foot Service Merchandise catalog showroom, a food court, a mall corridor with space for up to fifteen more tenants.
Among these tenants was a local 18,000-square-foot men's clothing and sporting goods store known as B. Altman's. A 1987 expansion added another new wing ending in a Mervyn's department store; the store opened concurrently with seven others in the state, one of, located at Lansing Mall, as part of the chain's introduction to Michigan. This addition at Meridian Mall included more than ten new storefronts, including Lerner New York, LensCrafters, Babbage's, new locations for Gantos and County Seat. One of the few renovations to Meridian Mall during the 1990s came in 1995, when Hobie's restaurant was removed from the food court to accommodate for more seating. Additions in 1996 included Abercrombie & Fitch, Select Comfort, the first Kirkland's home furnishings store in the state of Michigan. On August 27, 1998, CBL & Associates Properties acquired Meridian Mall. Afterward, several new tenants joined the mall, including The Children's Place, Mrs. Fields, Braun's Fashions, the first Ann Taylor and Old Navy stores in the Lansing area.
Service Merchandise closed its Meridian Mall store in early 1999. A $20 million mall renovation began in 2000, which added new floor tiles, seating areas, restrooms, along with a large number of new stores. One of the key tenants in this renovation plan was a two-story Jacobson's department store, which opened in early 2000 on the former site of the Service Merchandise store, replaced an existing Jacobson's in downtown East Lansing. In addition, Bed Bath & Beyond built a store in the same wing, the food court was relocated to center court, the Hudson's was expanded by 50,000 square feet. Shortly after receiving the expansion, Hudson's was renamed to Marshall Field's when parent company Target Corporation began consolidating the names of its department stores; the new food court opened in November 2000, with restaurants including A&W, Olga's Kitchen, Panda Express, Arby's. The remaining restaurants from the old food court stayed until year's end, when that space was removed for Schuler Books & Music, r