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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Craven Herald & Pioneer

The Craven Herald & Pioneer is a weekly newspaper covering the Craven area of North Yorkshire as well as part of the Pendle area of Lancashire. Until 29 October 2009 it remained one of only two weekly papers in the United Kingdom that continued to have a front page consisting wholly of advertisements. On 22 October 2009 it was announced that the edition on 29 October 2009 would be the last broadsheet edition with adverts on the front cover. From 5 November 2009 the format was changed to a tabloid size, or compact as the then-editor described it, with news on page one and the adverts moved to page two. There have been several newspapers covering the Craven area; the Craven Herald was first published in Skipton, by Robert Tasker, a local printer. A monthly publication, it ran until 1868 when Tasker became postmaster of Skipton and, as such, was debarred from publishing a newspaper. In 1865 the Craven Weekly Pioneer and General Advertiser for West Yorkshire and East Lancashire was launched; this was a paper of liberal leanings being an enthusiastic supporter of William Ewart Gladstone.

In response the local Conservatives in 1875 re-launched the Craven Herald. Both papers continued to publish separately and both underwent name changes at various times; the Craven Herald changed its name to the Craven Herald and Wensleydale Standard in 1868 before reverting to the Craven Herald in 1922. Meanwhile the Pioneer became the West Yorkshire Pioneer and East Lancashire News in 1884 and the West Yorkshire Pioneer in 1934; the two rivals merged in 1937 to form the Craven Pioneer. The Craven Herald was an early user of photographs in the paper; the first example, of a society wedding, appeared in 1905. In 1987, financial pressures forced the owners of the paper to sell to Westminster Press, the publishers of the Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Westminster Press itself was sold to Newsquest in 1996; until 1995 the paper was printed in Skipton but after a Westminster Press decision to centralise printing, moved to Bradford, although the editorial and advertising offices remain in Skipton. In 2001 the paper broke with its tradition and suspended adverts on the front page for one edition to use a photograph to report the arrival of foot and mouth disease in Craven.

While it remained a broadsheet publication, the front page remained resolutely advertising although in 2008 changes were made to preview the main news story in a 12 column inch box on the front page. In the January – December 2013 ABC audit, the average net circulation per issue was 11,498. By the January to December 2016 season, this had dropped to 9,377 average weekly circulation; the present editor is Andrew Hitchon. Styling itself The Voice of the Dales since 1853 it is now published every Thursday and carries some colour photographs on the inside; as of July 2017 the cover price is £1. From 5 November 2009 the paper is printed in a tabloid format with news on the front page and the adverts carried on page one moved to page two. Http://www.cravenherald.co.uk/ - Craven Herald & Pioneer website

Aulihan

The Auliyahan' are a Somali clan, a division of the larger Ogaden clan, living on both sides of the Kenya - Somalia border. There are majorities of the Aulihan clan in Somali Ethiopia regions; the majorities migrated in response to pressure from the expanding Ethiopian empire and had taken control of the hinterland of the lower Jubba river by the 1870s. The Aulihan today hold the middle Jubba Valley areas north of Gelib, their grazing territory extends across the border into Kenya, they claim a large part of northeastern Garissa District. They are active in the cross-border cattle trade. In 1984 there was little rain. In search of grazing, Aulihan from Garissa District pushed into Isiolo District where they started to push the Boran people from their pasturage and to raid their herds. In December 1915, the Aulihan raided some Samburu who had taken their herds into the Lorian Swamp, stealing several thousand cattle; the British, preoccupied with military operations against the Germans in German East Africa, were slow to respond.

After their post at Sarinley in Jubaland was sacked, the British withdrew from their other posts in the northeast frontier region of the East African Protectorate. The Aulihan attempted to get other clans involved in their struggle against the colonialists, but were not successful. In September 1917 the British sent an expedition that re-occupied Serenli, followed up with successful operations against the northern Aulihan who capitulated on 15 January 1918. Further ruthless operations against southern Aulihan were completed in March 1918. In the late 1980s the Aulihan, Mohamed Zubeyr and other Ogadeen clansmen had formed the Somali Patriotic Movement, taking control of the Lower Jubba. In the mid-1990s there was a split within the Ogadeen, with the Aulihan led by General Nur Gebiyo joining with General Hersi Morgan's Harti-based faction of the SPM. By 2000, some of the Aulihan had fled the fighting in Somalia and were living as refugees in camps around Dadaab, Kenya. In the camps, violence between the different clans was common.

Aulyahan branches to nine sub clans, divided into three categories 1. Mumin HassanAfgaab Wafate Aden kheir2. Tur CadeHawis Abokor Cade Sonqaad3. JibrailRer Ali Afwaah Qasin Sources

Jef Mallett

Jef Mallett is the creator and artist of the nationally syndicated comic strip Frazz. He attended nursing school as well as EMT training before leaving to pursue his artistic interests, he has a longtime interest in bicycling and hanggliding and is an avid triathlete, having completed his first triathlon in 1981. He has twice completed the Ironman Triathlon, he is married to Patty and lives in Huntington Woods, United States. While in high school, Mallett published his first comic strip for his local newspaper, the Big Rapids Pioneer, his first comic series was entitled featuring a French-Canadian trapper. After becoming a graphic artist, he worked in that capacity for regional newspapers, the Grand Rapids Press and the Flint Journal. Afterwards, Mallett left the commercial world to concentrate on Frazz full-time. Dangerous Dan. Willowisp Press ISBN 978-0-87406-720-0 Live at Bryson Elementary. Andrews McMeel Publishing 128 pages. Includes foreword by Gene Weingarten and introduction by Jef Mallett.

ISBN 0-7407-5447-5 99% Perspiration. Andrews McMeel Publishing 128 pages. ISBN 0-7407-6043-2 Frazz 3.1416. Andrews McMeel Publishing 128 pages. ISBN 0-7407-7739-4. Includes an introduction by Charles Solomon Trizophrenia: Inside the Minds of a Triathlete VeloPress ISBN 978-1-934030-44-8 Live Albom II by Mitch Albom, Detroit Free Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-937247-19-8 Mallett donated cover artwork for the Bob and Tom Show CD: Operation Radio, distributed for free to US Servicemen, serving overseas, as part of the USO's Operation Care Package. Created the artwork for the Bob and Tom Show CD: Man Boobs. Roadie: The Misunderstood World of a Bike Racer by Jamie Smith, published Spring 2008 by VeloPress, he was 2005 commencement speaker at University of Michigan–Flint. Participated in Nevada Passage, which featured two-person teams competing in cycling and other outdoor events during a 2006 reality television program. 2003 annual Wilbur Award from the Religion Communicators Council for "Excellence in Communicating Values and Ethics", for Frazz.

Frazz on comics.com Lambiek.net profile page National Cartoonist Society profile page Roadie: The Misunderstood World of a Bike Racer by Jamie Smith, illustrated by Jef Mallett. Jef Mallett participates in Cartoonist roundtable. Personal blog

European Genetics Foundation

The European Genetics Foundation is a non-profit organization, dedicated to the training of young geneticists active in medicine, to continuing education in genetics/genomics and to the promotion of public understanding of genetics. Its main office is located in Italy. In 1988 Prof. Giovanni Romeo, President of the European Genetics Foundation and professor of Medical Genetics at the University of Bologna and Prof. Victor A. McKusick founded together the European School of Genetic Medicine. Since that time ESGM has taught genetics to postgraduate students from some 70 different countries. Most of the courses are presented at ESGM's Main Training Center in Bertinoro di Romagna, are available via webcast at authorized Remote Training Centers in various countries in Europe and the Mediterranean area. In the Netherlands and Switzerland, medical geneticists must attend at least one ESGM course before admission to their Board examinations. For these reasons, the School has been able to expand and to obtain funding from the European Commission and from other international organizations.

The European School of Genetic Medicine was founded in 1988 and saw rapid success, which necessitated that an administrative body be formed. To this end the European Genetics Foundation was born in Genoa on 20 November 1995, with the following aims: to run the ESGM, promoting the advanced scientific and professional training of young European Geneticists, with particular attention to the applications in the field of preventive medicine; the ESGM began receiving funding from the European Union and from other international organizations including the European Society of Human Genetics, the Federation of European Biochemical Societies, the March of Dimes and UNESCO. Since its founding, the ESGM has become a model for other European institutions responsible for advanced training in genetics. In order to realize all of the European Genetics Foundation’s aims, the Foundation has identified a permanent site for the ESGM at the Hermitage of Ronzano, a monastery situated in the hills of Bologna, at 3.5 km from the city center and 7 km from the airport.

The monastic order of the Servants of Maria, founded in Florence in 1233 and owner of the Hermitage, donated 16,000 m² for the purpose of constructing this center, which will be named the Giuseppe Levi and Victor A. Mckusick Euro-Mediterranean Center for Genetics and Medicine. Giuseppe Levi, a world-famous scientist, trained three Nobel Laureates, Victor A. McKusick is considered the father of medical genetics throughout the world; the European Genetics Foundation envisions the Ronzano Center as a venue for advanced training, as a think tank where experts in genetics and related disciplines from all over the world can discuss issues of scientific and political relevance, to develop problem-solving strategies to address these issues. The new center will host: the European School of Genetic Medicine a European observatory for the legislation regarding genetic testing and policy regarding genetics research advanced scientific courses outside of the area of Genetics, geared toward scientist from developing countries a residential center in which Professors and students can live during residential courses the Federation of the Association for Rare Diseases of Emilia-Romagna.

Various projects to diffuse information about genetics to the public. EGF site Ronzano site

Zariski topology

In algebraic geometry and commutative algebra, the Zariski topology is a topology on algebraic varieties, introduced by Oscar Zariski and generalized for making the set of prime ideals of a commutative ring a topological space, called the spectrum of the ring. The Zariski topology allows tools from topology to be used to study algebraic varieties when the underlying field is not a topological field; this is one of the basic ideas of scheme theory, which allows one to build general algebraic varieties by gluing together affine varieties in a way similar to that in manifold theory, where manifolds are built by gluing together charts, which are open subsets of real affine spaces. The Zariski topology of an algebraic variety is the topology whose closed sets are the algebraic subsets of the variety. In the case of an algebraic variety over the complex numbers, the Zariski topology is thus coarser than the usual topology, as every algebraic set is closed for the usual topology; the generalization of the Zariski topology to the set of prime ideals of a commutative ring follows from Hilbert's Nullstellensatz, that establishes a bijective correspondence between the points of an affine variety defined over an algebraically closed field and the maximal ideals of the ring of its regular functions.

This suggests defining the Zariski topology on the set of the maximal ideals of a commutative ring as the topology such that a set of maximal ideals is closed if and only if it is the set of all maximal ideals that contain a given ideal. Another basic idea of Grothendieck's scheme theory is to consider as points, not only the usual points corresponding to maximal ideals, but all algebraic varieties, which correspond to prime ideals, thus the Zariski topology on the set of prime ideals of a commutative ring is the topology such that a set of prime ideals is closed if and only if it is the set of all prime ideals that contain a fixed ideal. In classical algebraic geometry, the Zariski topology is defined on algebraic varieties; the Zariski topology, defined on the points of the variety, is the topology such that the closed sets are the algebraic subsets of the variety. As the most elementary algebraic varieties are affine and projective varieties, it is useful to make this definition more explicit in both cases.

We assume. First we define the topology on affine spaces A n, which as sets are just n-dimensional vector spaces over k; the topology is defined by specifying its closed sets, rather than its open sets, these are taken to be all the algebraic sets in A n. That is, the closed sets are those of the form V = where S is any set of polynomials in n variables over k, it is a straightforward verification to show that: V = V, where is the ideal generated by the elements of S. It follows that finite unions and arbitrary intersections of the sets V are of this form, so that these sets form the closed sets of a topology; this is the Zariski topology on A n. If X is an affine algebraic set the Zariski topology on it is defined to be the subspace topology induced by its inclusion into some A n. Equivalently, it can be checked that: The elements of the affine coordinate ring A = k / I act as functions on X just as the elements of k act as functions on A n; the subset of X V ′ = is equal to the intersection with X of V.

This establishes that the above equation a generalization of the previous one, defines the Zariski topology on any affine variety. Recall that n-dimensional projective space