General Motors Company referred to as General Motors, is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, sells financial services, with global headquarters in Detroit's Renaissance Center. It was founded by William C. Durant on September 16, 1908 as a holding company; the company is the largest American automobile manufacturer, one of the world's largest. As of 2018, General Motors is ranked #10 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. General Motors manufactures vehicles in 37 countries, it owns or holds controlling interest in foreign brands such as Holden, Wuling and Jiefang. Annual worldwide sales volume reached a milestone of 10 million vehicles in 2016. In addition to its twelve brands, General Motors holds a 20% stake in IMM, a 77% stake in GM Korea, it has a number of joint-ventures, including Shanghai GM, SAIC-GM-Wuling and FAW-GM in China, GM-AvtoVAZ in Russia, GM Uzbekistan, General Motors India, General Motors Egypt, Isuzu Truck South Africa.
General Motors does business in more than 140 countries. General Motors is divided into four business segments: GM North America, GM International Operations, GM Cruze, GM Financial; the company operates a mobility division called Maven, which operates car-sharing services in the United States, is studying alternatives to individual vehicle ownership. GM Defense is General Motors' military defense division, catering to the needs of the military for advanced technology and propulsion systems for military vehicles. General Motors led global vehicle sales for 77 consecutive years from 1931 through 2007, longer than any other automaker, in 2012 was among the world's largest automakers by vehicle unit sales. General Motors acts in most countries outside the U. S. via wholly owned subsidiaries, but operates in China through 10 joint ventures. GM's OnStar subsidiary provides vehicle safety and information services. In 2009, General Motors shed several brands, closing Saturn and Hummer, emerged from a government-backed Chapter 11 reorganization.
In 2010, the reorganized GM made an initial public offering, one of the world's top five largest IPOs to date, returned to profitability that year. General Motors Company was formed with an escrow account set up by R S McLaughlin for 15 years of Buick Motors in 1907 on September 16, 1908, in Flint, Michigan, as a holding company controlled by William C. Durant, owner of Buick. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were fewer than 8,000 automobiles in the U. S. and Durant had become a leading manufacturer of horse-drawn vehicles in Flint helped by his purchase of the Carriage Gear patent from the McLaughlin family in Canada, in the 1880s and 1890s, before making his foray into the automotive industry in 1904 by purchasing the fledgling Buick Motor Company. GM's co-founder was Charles Stewart Mott, whose carriage company was merged into Buick prior to GM's creation in 1918. Over the years, Mott became the largest single stockholder in The USA, spent his life with his Mott Foundation, which has benefited the city of Flint, his adopted home.
GM acquired Oldsmobile that year. In 1909, Durant brought in Cadillac, Elmore and several others. In 1909, GM acquired the Reliance Motor Truck Company of Owosso and the Rapid Motor Vehicle Company of Pontiac, the predecessors of GMC Truck. Durant, along with R. S. McLaughlin, lost control of GM in 1910 to a bankers who held the Escrow account' trust, because of the large amount of debt taken on in its acquisitions, coupled with a collapse in new vehicle sales; the next year, Durant started the Chevrolet Motor Car Company in the U. S. and in Canada in 1915, through this, he and McLaughlin in Canada secretly purchased a controlling interest in GM. Durant regained control of the company after one of the most dramatic proxy wars in U. S. business history. Durant reorganized General Motors Holding Company into General Motors Company in 1916, merging Chevrolet with GM and allying General Motors of Canada Limited in 1918 after McLaughlin Traded his Outstanding Stocks for GM stocks to allow the Corporation in the USA.
Shortly thereafter, he again lost control, this time for good, after the new vehicle market collapsed. Alfred P. Sloan was picked to take charge of the corporation, led it to its post-war global dominance when the seven manufacturing facilities operated by Chevrolet before Chevrolet acquired the company began to contribute to GM operations; these facilities were added to the individual factories that were exclusive to Cadillac, Oldsmobile and other companies acquired by the corporation. This unprecedented growth of GM would last into the early 1980s, when it employed 349,000 workers and operated 150 assembly plants in the USA. On July 10, 2009, General Motors emerged from government backed Chapter 11 reorganization after an initial filing on June 8, 2009. Through the Troubled Asset Relief Program the US Treasury invested $49.5 billion in General Motors and recovered $39 billion when it sold its shares on December 9, 2013 resulting in a loss of $10.3 billion. The Treasury invested an additional $17.2 billion into GM's former financing company, GMAC.
The shares in Ally were sold on December 2014 for $19.6 billion netting $2.4 billion. A study by the Center for Automotive Research found that the GM bailout saved 1.2 million jobs and preserved $34.9 billion in tax revenue. In 2009 General Motors of Canada Limited was not part of the General Motors Chapter 11 Bankruptcy, the company shed several brands
Vincent P. Bryan
Vincent Patrick Bryan was an American composer and lyricist. In the 1903-1909 production of The Wizard of Oz he was called upon to introduce new songs in numerous revisions. With Theodore F. Morse Nautical Nonsense with J. B. Mullen Down on the Brandywine'Twas Enough to Make a Perfect Lady Mad Under a Panama The Nightmare with Charles Zimmerman Marching Thro' Georgia Sitting Bull Football Marching Through Port Arthur with Leo Edwards The Tale of the Monkey My Own Girl He was a close behind-the-scenes collaborator of Charlie Chaplin from 1915 to 1917. Along with Hal Roach he directed three Harold Lloyd films in 1919: He Leads, Others Follow, Soft Money and Pay Your Dues. An addiction to heroin prematurely ended his promising career in motion pictures, he was died in Los Angeles, California. Works written by or about Vincent P. Bryan at Wikisource Vincent P. Bryan on IMDb
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. Olds Motor Vehicle Co. was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897, it produced over 35 million vehicles, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory. During its time as a division of General Motors, it slotted in the middle of GM's five divisions, was noted for its testing of groundbreaking technology and designs, most notably the "Rocket V8" engine. In 1985, over 1 million Oldsmobiles were sold, but by the 1990s the division was tasked with competing with import brands; when it was shut down in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, one of the oldest in the world, after Peugeot, MAN, Tatra. Oldsmobiles were first manufactured by the Olds Motor Vehicle Co. in Lansing, Michigan, a company founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In 1902, the company produced 635 cars, making it the first high-volume gasoline-powered automobile manufacturer. Oldsmobile became the top selling car company in the United States for a few years around 1903-4.
Ransom Olds formed the REO Motor Car Company. The 1902 to 1904 Oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first mass-produced car, made from the first automotive assembly line, an invention, miscredited to Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company. After Olds merged Olds Motor Vehicle Co. with the Olds Gas Engine Works in 1899, it was renamed Olds Motor Works and moved to a new plant in Detroit, located at the corner of East Jefferson Avenue and MacArthur Bridge. By March 1901, the company had a whole line of models ready for mass production. However, a mistake by a worker caused the factory to catch fire, it burned to the ground, with all of the prototypes destroyed; the only car that survived the fire was a Curved Dash prototype, wheeled out of the factory by two workers while escaping the fire. A new factory was built in Lansing, production of the Curved Dash commenced; the cars were called "Olds automobiles," but were colloquially referred to as "Oldsmobiles." It was this moniker, as applied to the Curved Dash Olds, popularized in the lyrics and title of the 1905 hit song "In My Merry Oldsmobile".
The last Oldsmobile Curved Dash was made in 1907. General Motors purchased the company in 1908; the 1910 Limited Touring was a high point for the company. Riding atop 42-inch wheels, equipped with factory "white" tires, the Limited was the prestige model in Oldsmobile's two model lineup; the Limited retailed for US$4,600, an amount greater than the purchase of a new, no-frills three bedroom house. Buyers received goatskin upholstery, a 60 hp 707 CID straight-six engine, Bosch Magneto starter, running boards and room for five. Options included a speedometer, a full glass windshield. A limousine version was priced at $5,800. While Oldsmobile only sold 725 Limiteds in its three years of production, the car is best remembered for winning a race against the famed 20th Century Limited train, an event immortalized in the painting Setting the Pace by William Hardner Foster. In 1926, the Oldsmobile Six came in five body styles, ushered in a new GM bodystyle platform called the "GM B platform", shared with Buick products.
In 1929, as part of General Motors' companion make program, Oldsmobile introduced the higher standard Viking brand, marketed through the Oldsmobile dealer network. Viking was discontinued at the end of the 1930 model year although an additional 353 cars were marketed as 1931 models. In 1937, Oldsmobile was a pioneer in introducing a four-speed semi-automatic transmission called the "Automatic Safety Transmission", although this accessory was built by Buick, which would offer it in its own cars in 1938; this transmission features a conventional clutch pedal, which the driver presses before selecting either "low" or "high" range. In "low," the car shifts between second gears. In "high," the car shifts among first and fourth gears. For the 1940 model, Oldsmobile was the first auto manufacturer to offer a automatic transmission, called the "Hydramatic", which features four forward speeds, it has a gas pedal and a brake—no clutch pedal. The gear selector is on the steering column. Starting in 1941 and continuing through 1999, Oldsmobile used a two digit model designation.
As implemented, the first digit signifies the body size while the second represents the number of cylinders. Body sizes were 6, 7, 8, 9, six- and eight-cylinder engines were offered. Thus, Oldsmobiles were named "66" through "98"; the last pre-war Oldsmobile rolled off the assembly line on February 5, 1942. During World War II, Oldsmobile produced numerous kinds of material for the war effort, including large-caliber guns and shells. Production resumed on October 15, 1945 with a warmed-over 1942 model serving as the offering for 1946. Oldsmobile once again was a pioneer when, for the 1949 model, the Rocket engine was introduced, which used an overhead valve V8 design rather than the flathead "straight-eight" design which prevailed at the time; this engine produced far more power than the other engines that were popular during that era, found favor with hot-rodders and stock car racers. The basic design, with a few minor changes, endured until Oldsmobile redesigned its V8 engines in the mid-1960s.
Oldsmobile entered the 1950s following a divisional image campaign centered on its'Rocket' engines and its cars' appearance followed suit. Oldsmobile's Rocket V8 engine was the leader in performanc
Oldsmobile Curved Dash
The gasoline-powered Curved Dash Oldsmobile is credited as being the first mass-produced automobile, meaning that it was built on an assembly line using interchangeable parts. It was introduced by the Oldsmobile company in 1901 and produced through 1907; when General Motors assumed operations from Ransom E. Olds on November 12, 1908, GM introduced the Oldsmobile Model 20, the 1908 Buick Model 10 with a stretched wheelbase and minor exterior changes, it was a runabout model, could seat two passengers, sold for US$650. While competitive, due to high volume, priced below the US$850 two-seat Ford Model C "Doctor's Car", it was more expensive than the Western 1905 Gale Model A roadster at US$500; the Black sold for $375, the Success for US$250. The flat-mounted, water-cooled, single-cylinder engine, situated at the center of the car, produced 5 hp, relying on a brass gravity feed carburetor; the transmission was a semiautomatic design with one reverse. The low-speed forward and reverse gear system is a planetary type.
The car used Concord springs. It had a top speed of 20 mph; the car's success was by accident. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York, NY US: Bonanza Books. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly Georgano, G. N.. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. London, UK: Grange-Universal. Posthumus, Cyril. "The Motoring Boom". The story of Veteran & Vintage Cars. John Wood, illustrator. London: Hamlyn / Phoebus. Pp. 36–49. ISBN 0-600-39155-8; the 1901 output was 425 cars, this figure rose to 2100 in 1902, 3750 in 1903, 5000 in 1904. Rogliatti, Gianni. Posthumus, Cyril, ed. Period Cars. Feltham, Middlesex, UK: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-33401-5. Sedgwick, Michael. Early Cars. Putnam. Wright, Richard A.. "detnews.com | Michigan History". Apps.detnews.com. Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2009-06-27. Oldsmobile Club of America 1905 Oldsmobile Image Soule, Gardner. Torrey, Volta, ed. "From Coast To Coast In An Old Old Olds". Popular Science. New York, NY US: Popular Science Publishing. 159: 129–132, 258.
– large 1951 article on a 1904 Olds making a coast to coast trip with detailed photo of subject
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles, a division of FCA US LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Italian-American corporation Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Jeep has been a part of Chrysler since 1987, when Chrysler acquired the Jeep brand, along with remaining assets, from its previous owner: American Motors Corporation. Jeep's current product range consists of sport utility vehicles and off-road vehicles, but has included pickup trucks and roadsters in the past; some of Jeep's vehicles—such as the Grand Cherokee—reach into the luxury SUV segment, a market segment the Wagoneer is considered to have created. Jeep sold 1.4 million SUVs globally in 2016, up from 500,000 in 2008, two-thirds of which in North America, was Fiat-Chrysler's best selling brand in the U. S. during the first half of 2017. In the U. S. alone, over 2400 dealerships hold franchise rights to sell Jeep-branded vehicles, if Jeep were spun off into a separate company, it is estimated to be worth between $22 and $33.5 billion—slightly more than all of FCA.
Prior to 1940 the term "jeep" had been used as U. S. Army slang for new recruits or vehicles, but the World War II "jeep" that went into production in 1941 tied the name to this light military 4x4, arguably making them the oldest four-wheel drive mass-production vehicles now known as SUVs; the Jeep became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and the Allies during World War II, as well as the postwar period. The term became common worldwide in the wake of the war. Doug Stewart noted: "The spartan and unstintingly functional jeep became the ubiquitous World War II four-wheeled personification of Yankee ingenuity and cocky, can-do determination." The Jeep marque has been headquartered in Toledo, Ohio since Willys-Overland launched production of the first CJ or Civilian Jeep branded models there in 1945. Its replacement, the conceptually consistent Jeep Wrangler series, remains in production since 1986. With its solid axles and open top, the Wrangler has been called the Jeep model, as central to the brand’s identity as the rear-engined 911 is to Porsche.
At least two Jeep models enjoyed extraordinary three-decade production runs of a single body generation. Jeeps have since the war inspired a number such as the Land Rover. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been designed in other nations. In lowercase, the term "jeep" continues to be used as a generic term for vehicles inspired by the Jeep that are suitable for use on rough terrain; when it became clear that the United States would be involved in the European theater of World War II, the Army contacted 135 companies to create working prototypes of a four-wheel drive reconnaissance car. Only two companies responded: American Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland; the Army set a impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys was refused; the Bantam Car Company had only a skeleton staff left on the payroll and solicited Karl Probst, a talented freelance designer from Detroit. After turning down Bantam's initial request, Probst responded to an Army request and began work on July 17, 1940 without salary.
Probst laid out full plans in just two days for the Bantam prototype known as the BRC or Bantam Reconnaissance Car, working up a cost estimate the next day. Bantam's bid was submitted on July 22, complete with blueprints. Much of the vehicle could be assembled from off-the-shelf automotive parts, custom four-wheel drivetrain components were to be supplied by Spicer; the hand-built prototype was completed in Butler and driven to Camp Holabird, Maryland on September 23 for Army testing. The vehicle met all the Army's criteria except engine torque; the Army thought that the Bantam company was too small to supply the required number of vehicles, so it supplied the Bantam design to Willys and Ford, encouraged them to modify the design. The resulting Ford "Pygmy" and Willys "Quad" prototypes looked similar to the Bantam BRC prototype, Spicer supplied similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers.1,500 of each model were built and extensively field-tested. After the weight specification was revised from 1,275 lb to a maximum of 2,450 lb including oil and water, Willys-Overland's chief engineer Delmar "Barney" Roos modified the design in order to use Willys's heavy but powerful "Go Devil" engine, won the initial production contract.
The Willys version became the standard Jeep design, designated the model MB and was built at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. The familiar pressed-metal Jeep grille was a Ford design feature and incorporated in the final design by the Army; because the US War Department required a large number of vehicles in a short time, Willys-Overland granted the US Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys' specifications. The Army chose Ford as a second supplier. Willys supplied Ford with a complete set of specifications. American Bantam, the creators of the first Jeep, built 2,700 of them to the BRC-40 design, but spent the rest of the war building heavy-duty trailers for the Army. Final production version Jeeps built by Willys-Overland were the Model MB, while those built by Ford were the Model GPW. There were subtle differences between the two; the versions produced by Ford had every component marked with an "F". Willys al
Gus Edwards was an American songwriter and vaudevillian. He organised his own theatre companies and was a music publisher. Edwards was born Gustave Schmelowsky in Inowrazlaw, German Empire, his family moved to the United States on 29 July 1891 ending up in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn. During the day, he worked in the family cigar store, in the evenings, he wandered looking for any sort of show business job, he found work as a singer at various lodge halls, on ferry boat lounges, in saloons, between bouts at the athletic clubs. There is a story that in the early 1890s Edwards met up with famed prizefighter John L. Sullivan, by working in vaudeville, so impressed with the youngster that he decided to employ him in his act; as a young boy, Edwards worked as a song plugger at Koster and Bial's, at Tony Pastor's theatre, at the Bowery Theatre. In those old vaudeville days, song publishers would hire a young boy to sit in the theatre, after a vaudeville star had sung one of the publisher's songs, the youngster would stand up in the audience, pretending to be overcome by the song, break out in an "extemporaneous" solo of the same tune.
In this way, the young Edwards would sit in a balcony seat, stand and repeat a song that vaudeville stars such as Maggie Cline, Lottie Gilson or Emma Carus had just sung. In 1896, Edwards was just 17 years old and appearing at Johnny Palmer's Gaiety Saloon in Brooklyn, when James Hyde, a vaudeville agent, saw him performing, he booked a tour for four other boys as The Newsboys Quintet act. In 1898, while performing in this act, Edwards wrote his first song, to a lyric by Tom Daly, "All I Want is My Black Baby Back". Edwards could not write music at that time, so he hired Charles Previn to write down the notes. May Irwin sang the song in her act, helped to popularize it. While entertaining soldiers at Camp Black, during the Spanish–American War, Edwards met lyricist Will Cobb, they formed "Words and Music", a partnership that lasted for many years, he was a vaudeville singer, had his own vaudeville company. He discovered Walter Winchell, Elsie Janis, George Jessel, Eddie Cantor, Groucho Marx, Phil Silvers, Lila Lee, Georgie Price, Eleanor Powell, Ray Bolger, Sally Rand, Jack Pearl, the Lane Sisters, Ina Ray Hutton.
He wrote the Broadway stage scores for "When We Were Forty-One", "Hip Hip Hooray", "The Merry-Go-Round", "School Days", "Ziegfeld Follies of 1910", "Sunbonnet Sue", "Show Window". He founded the Gus Edwards Music Hall in New York, his own publishing company produced special subjects for films, returned to vaudeville between 1930 and 1937 retiring in 1939, his chief musical collaborators included Edward Madden, Will Cobb, Robert B. Smith, his other popular-song compositions include "Meet Me Under the Wisteria", "By the Light of the Silvery Moon", "I Can't Tell You Why I Love You but I Do", "Goodbye, Little Girl, Goodbye", "I Just Can't Make My Eyes Behave", "I'll Be With You When the Roses Bloom Again", "He's My Pal", "Way Down Yonder in the Cornfield", "In Zanzibar", "If a Girl Like You Loved a Boy Like Me", "Jimmy Valentine", "If I Were a Millionaire", "Laddie Boy" and "In My Merry Oldsmobile". Some other songs include "America Never Took Water and America Never Will", "Au Revoir", "Good Bye and Luck Be with You Laddie Boy", "He Long and Lean and Lanky", "Keep on A-Going", "Mothers of Men" and "My Rainbow Ribbon Girl".
In the 1930s, Edwards had a weekly program, School Days of the Air, on KFWB in Los Angeles, California. Edwards was the brother of Leo Edwards, the uncle of Joan Edwards and Jack Edwards. Bing Crosby played Edwards in a fictionalized version of his life in the 1939 film The Star Maker, directed by Roy Del Ruth. Edwards himself made few screen appearances, the most notable being The Hollywood Revue of 1929, in which he performs as part of a vaudeville act, he wrote all the music for The Hollywood Revue of 1929, as credited in the closing credits of the production, with the exception of "Singin' in the Rain" with lyrics by Arthur Freed and music by Nacio Herb Brown. He performs a specialty number: "Lon Chaney's Gonna Get You If You Don't Watch Out". Edwards was a founding member of ASCAP in 1914 and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. Note: All shows are musicals unless otherwise stated. Hodge, Podge & Co. - featured songwriter The Wizard of Oz interpolated songs with Will D. Cobb "Rosalie" "I Love Only One Girl in the Wide, Wide World" "The Tale of a Cassowary" "Johnnie I'll Take You" "I'll Never Love Another Love Like I Love You" The Medal and the Maid - featured composer for "In Zanzibar" When We Were Forty-one - composer Breaking Into Society - co-composer and co-lyricist His Honor the Mayor - contributing composer and lyricist Revived again in 1906, twice in 1907 The Blue Moon - featured composer for " Time to Marry" A Parisian Model - featured co-songwriter for "I Can't Make My Eyes Behave" Revived in 1908 Ziegfeld Follies of 1907 - revue - featured composer for "That's What the Rose Said to Me" and "On the Grand Old Sands" The Hired Girl's Millions - featured songwriter for "Where the River Shannon Flows" Hip!
Hip! Hooray! of 1907 - composer The-Merry-Go-Round - composer School Days - composer, co-lyricist, producer Miss Innocence - featured composer and lyricist for "What Kind of a Wife to Choose" Ziegfeld Follies of 1909 - revue - featured composer for "My Cousin Caruso" from Miss Innocence and "
Main Street, U.S.A.
Main Street, U. S. A. is the first "themed land" inside the main entrance of the many'Disneyland'-style parks operated or licensed by The Walt Disney Company around the world. Each Main Street, U. S. A. has a train station above the entrance. At Disneyland Park and Hong Kong Disneyland, Sleeping Beauty Castle stands in the distance beyond the end of the street. At the Magic Kingdom and Tokyo Disneyland, Cinderella Castle stands at the end. At Disneyland Paris, Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant stands at the end. At Shanghai Disneyland Park, Enchanted Storybook Castle stands at the end; the area closest to the entrance just past the train station, is called Town Square. At the far end of main street, around and in front of the castle is called, The Hub or Central Plaza. Town Square is home to City Hall. Further along Main Street, the names painted in the windows on Main Street serve as credits for some of the many people and others, who contributed in some way to the creation of Disneyland, they appear as fictional businesses, they refer to a hobby or interest that the person honored.
Ub Iwerks's window, for example, refers to his prowess with cameras. For Disneyland's 50th anniversary, on July 17, 2005, a first-story window on each Main Street was unveiled with a dedication to all the cast members who had worked for Disney throughout the years; the streets are paved with resilient asphalt, a type of asphalt containing rubber, to prevent aching of feet. In July 2015, Disneyland expanded their Main Street U. S. A. with a Main Street Arcade in honour of their 60th anniversary. The Hub is a plaza area in front of the castle at the end of Main Street. Here, one will find the entrances to most of the lands at the Magic Kingdom style parks. From left to right, a person will find the entrances to: Adventureland. Inspired by Walt Disney's hometown of Marceline, Main Street, U. S. A. is designed to resemble the center of an idealized turn-of-the-20th-century American town. According to Harper Goff, who worked on Main Street, U. S. A. with Walt, he showed Walt some photos of his childhood home of Colorado.
Walt liked the look, so many of the features of the town were incorporated into Main Street, U. S. A. Another significant source of inspiration for the Main Street, U. S. A. concept came from the Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, which Walt Disney visited twice in the 1940s. Walt Disney said, "For those of us who remember the carefree time it recreates, Main Street will bring back happy memories. For younger visitors, it is an adventure in turning back the calendar to the days of their grandfather's youth." Above the firehouse in Town Square at Disneyland is Walt Disney's personal apartment furnished but off-limits to the public. A lamp is kept burning in the front window as a tribute to his memory, except at Christmas where a small tannenbaum replaces the lamp, it is decorated for both Halloween and Christmas. There is a 60-foot-tall Christmas tree during Christmas Time, there is a 16-foot-high Mickey Mouse jack-o-lantern on Halloween Time, with additional pumpkin ears. In the circular hub in front of the Sleeping Beauty Castle, the bronze "Partners" statue of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse is surrounded by smaller bronzes of familiar Disney characters, such as Donald Duck and the White Rabbit from Alice in Wonderland.
The Main Street Opera House in Town Square is the oldest building in Disneyland. It served as the park's lumber mill between 1955 and 1961; the cannons that are displayed in the center of the square were used by the French army during the 1800s, although they were never fired in battle. The gas lamps that line the street came from St. Louis and were bought for $.03 a pound. Partners, sculpted by Blaine Gibson, was added in 1993. During the Halloween season, pumpkin busts for each themed land in the park, except Main Street, are seen around "Partners." It is listed as a real street in the Orange County Thomas Guide. The Disney Gallery Disneyland Railroad The Disneyland Story presenting Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln Main Street Cinema Main Street Vehicles Mickey's Soundsational Parade Main Street Arcade The Dapper Dans The Disneyland Band Believe... In Holiday Magic Mickey's Mix Magic Bandstand Horse Drawn Fire Wagon Main Street Shooting Gallery Firehouse Five Plus Two Horse Drawn Surrey Carefree Corner Carnation Plaza Gardens Babes in Toyland Exhibit Legacy of Walt Disney The Walt Disney Story Disneyland Presents a Preview of Coming Attractions Gift-Giver Extraordinaire Machine Dream Machine Party Gras Parade The World According to Goofy Parade Aladdin's Royal Caravan Parade The Lion King Celebration Parade Dalmatian Celebration Light Magic Mulan Parade Parade of the Stars Walt Disney's Parade of Dreams (20