Rodman Edward Serling was an American screenwriter, television producer, narrator known for his live television dramas of the 1950s and his science-fiction anthology TV series, The Twilight Zone. Serling was active in politics, both on and off the screen, helped form television industry standards, he was known as the "angry young man" of Hollywood, clashing with television executives and sponsors over a wide range of issues including censorship and war. Serling was born on December 1924, in Syracuse, New York, to a Jewish family, he was the second of two sons born to Samuel Lawrence Serling. Serling's father had worked as a secretary and amateur inventor before having children, but took on his father-in-law's profession as a grocer to earn a steady income. Sam Serling became a butcher after the Great Depression forced the store to close. Rod had Robert J. Serling, their mother was a homemaker. Serling spent most of his youth 70 miles south of Syracuse in the city of Binghamton after his family moved there in 1926.
His parents encouraged his talents as a performer. Sam Serling built a small stage in the basement, where Rod put on plays, his older brother, writer Robert, recalled that, at the age of six or seven, Rod entertained himself for hours by acting out dialogue from pulp magazines or movies he had seen. Rod talked to people around him without waiting for their answers. On a two-hour trip from Binghamton to Syracuse, the rest of the family remained silent to see if Rod would notice their lack of participation, he did not. In elementary school, Serling was seen as the class clown and dismissed by many of his teachers as a lost cause. However, his seventh-grade English teacher, Helen Foley, encouraged him to enter the school's public speaking extracurriculars, he was a speaker at his high school graduation. He began writing for the school newspaper, in which, according to the journalist Gordon Sander, he "established a reputation as a social activist", he was interested in sports and excelled at tennis and table tennis.
When he attempted to join the varsity football team, he was told. Serling was interested in writing at an early age, he was an avid radio listener interested in thrillers and horror shows. Arch Oboler and Norman Corwin were two of his favorite writers, he "did some staff work at a Binghamton radio station... tried to write... but never had anything published." He was accepted into college during his senior year of high school. However, the United States was involved in World War II at the time, Serling decided to enlist rather than start college after he graduated from Binghamton Central High School in 1943; as editor of his high school newspaper, Serling encouraged his fellow students to support the war effort. He wanted to leave school before graduation to join the fight but his civics teacher talked him into graduating. "War is a temporary thing," Gus Youngstrom told him. "It ends. An education doesn't. Without your degree, where will you be after the war?" Serling enlisted in the U. S. Army the morning after high school graduation, following his brother Robert.
Serling began his military career in 1943 at Camp Toccoa, under General Joseph May "Joe" Swing and Col. Orin D. "Hard Rock" Haugen and served in the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division. He reached the rank of Technician Fourth Grade. Over the next year of paratrooper training and others began boxing to vent aggression, he competed as a flyweight and had 17 bouts, rising to the second round of the division finals before being knocked out. He was remembered for berserker style and for "getting his nose broken in his first bout and again in last bout." He tried his hand with little success. On April 25, 1944, Serling saw that he was being sent west to California, he knew. This disappointed him. On May 5, his division headed to the Pacific, landing in New Guinea, where it would be held in reserve for a few months. In November 1944, his division first saw combat; the 11th Airborne Division would not be used as paratroopers, but as light infantry during the Battle of Leyte. It helped mop up after the five divisions.
For a variety of reasons, Serling was transferred to the 511th's demolition platoon, nicknamed "The Death Squad" for its high casualty rate. According to Sergeant Frank Lewis, leader of the demolitions squad, "He screwed up somewhere along the line, he got on someone's nerves." Lewis judged that Serling was not suited to be a field soldier: "he didn't have the wits or aggressiveness required for combat." At one point, Lewis and others were in a firefight, trapped in a foxhole. As they waited for darkness, Lewis noticed. Serling sometimes went exploring on his own, against orders, got lost. Serling's time in Leyte political views for the rest of his life, he saw death every day while in the Philippines, at the hands of his enemies and his allies, through freak accidents such as that which killed another Jewish private, Melvin Levy. Levy was delivering a comic monologue for the platoon as they rested under a palm tree when a food crate was dropped from a plane above, decapitating him. Serling placed a Star of David over his grave.
The Bard (The Twilight Zone)
"The Bard" is an episode of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It was the final episode of The Twilight Zone to be one hour long. A direct satire of the American television industry, the episode concerns an inept screenwriter who, through the use of black magic, employs William Shakespeare as his ghostwriter. A bumbling screenwriter, Julius K. Moomer, is becoming desperate for a sale after 23 years working on unproduced scripts; when his agent mentions that he is submitting another writer's pitch for a television series about black magic, Julius pleads to be allowed to be given first crack at the series. Knowing nothing about the subject, he attempts some research but turns up only an actual book of black magic. While experimenting with the book he accidentally conjures William Shakespeare, who says he is at the service of the conjurer. Deciding not to waste Shakespeare's talent on a television pilot, Julius directs him to write a film; the producers decide that Shakespeare's script, "The Tragic Cycle", though archaic to the point of being incomprehensible, has potential.
His task finished, Shakespeare proposes to leave. Julius argues that if he stops writing now Shakespeare will lose his chance at Hollywood fame and become forgotten. Shakespeare at last says he will attend a rehearsal for the film and stay on if it does justice to his script. At the rehearsal he is so horrified at the revisions by the sponsor that he assaults the leading man and storms out. Julius's next assignment, a TV special on American history, seems doomed to failure until he remembers his book on black magic, uses it to conjure up Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Daniel Boone, Benjamin Franklin, Theodore Roosevelt to act as consultants. Jack Weston as Julius Moomer John Williams as William Shakespeare Burt Reynolds as Rocky Rhodes Henry Lascoe as Gerald Hugo John McGiver as Mr. Shannon Howard McNear as Bramhoff Judy Strangis as Cora Marge Redmond as Secretary Doro Merande as Sadie William Lanteau as Dolan Clegg Hoyt as Bus driver John Newton as TV interviewer John Bose as Daniel Boone Rudy Bowman as Robert E. Lee Notes: Weston and McGiver were in earlier episodes, "The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street" and "Sounds and Silences" The episode was written by Rod Serling as a reaction to the advertising executives he dealt with while producing for television.
In the book The Twilight Zone Companion Serling is quoted as saying that things were so bad with the overcautious executives that "one could not ford a river if Chevy was the sponsor." The actor portrayed by Burt Reynolds satirizes Marlon Brando's way of method acting. The episode was featured in the final episode of The Sopranos, in 2007, "Made in America". Tony Soprano, the protagonist of the series, is seen watching this episode while in hiding from his enemies in a safe house. Zicree, Marc Scott: The Twilight Zone Companion. Sillman-James Press, 1982 DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 "The Bard" on IMDb "The Bard" at TV.com
And When the Sky Was Opened
"And When the Sky Was Opened" is episode eleven of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It aired on December 11, 1959, it is an adaptation of the Richard Matheson short story "Disappearing Act". United States Air Force Colonel Clegg Forbes arrives at a military hospital to visit his friend and co-pilot Major William Gart; the two had piloted an experimental spaceplane, the X-20 DynaSoar, on a mission that took them 900 miles beyond the confines of the Earth's atmosphere for the first time. During their voyage the men blacked out for four hours and the craft itself disappeared from radar screens for a full day before reappearing and crash landing in the desert leaving Gart with a broken leg. Gart inquires as to the status of the plane, but Forbes is agitated and asks Gart if he remembers how many people were on the mission, producing a newspaper whose front page shows the likenesses of the two men and a headline stating that two astronauts were rescued from the desert crash.
Gart confirms that only he and Forbes piloted the plane but Forbes insists that a third man – Colonel Ed Harrington, his best friend for 15 years – accompanied them. In the flashback, the previous morning and Forbes are shown joking with Gart as they are discharged from the hospital after passing their physical exams, leaving the Major to recuperate alone; the same newspaper that Forbes would show Gart is present but instead asserts three astronauts were recovered from the crash of the X-20 with a photo depicting a crew of three. The two men visit a bar downtown. While there, Harrington is overcome by a feeling that he no longer "belongs" in the world. Disturbed, he phones his parents who tell him they have no son named Ed Harrington and believe the person calling them to be a prankster. Harrington mysteriously vanishes from the phone booth and no one in the bar but Forbes remembers his existence. Desperate, Forbes searches for any trace of his friend but can find nothing in the bar, his girlfriend, does not remember Harrington, neither does his commanding officer.
Returning to the closed bar, he breaks in calling his name repeatedly. He returns to the hospital the next morning to talk with Gart. Back in the present, Forbes is dismayed by Gart's claim that he doesn't know anyone named Harrington. Forbes glances at a mirror and discovers he casts no reflection, causing him to flee the room in terror. Gart tries to hobble. Calling the duty nurse to ask if she saw where Forbes went, Gart is stunned at the nurse's claim that nobody named Forbes has been in the building and that Gart was the only man, aboard his plane. After getting back into bed, he notices, it now says that Gart was the sole pilot of the X-20 – all mention of Forbes, including his photo, is gone. Horrified, Gart disappears. An officer enters the building and asks the duty nurse if there are any unused rooms available to accommodate new patients; the nurse takes him to the now empty room which hosted the three astronauts, stating that it has been unoccupied. In the hangar which housed the X-20, the sheet that covered the craft is shown lying on the ground.
There is no trace of the plane. Rod Taylor as Lieutenant Colonel Clegg Forbes Charles Aidman as Colonel Ed Harrington Jim Hutton as Major William Gart Maxine Cooper as Amy Sue Randall as Nurse Paul Bryar as Bartender Joe Bassett as Medical officer Gloria Pall as Girl in bar Elizabeth Fielding as Blond Nurse This episode is loosely based on the short story "Disappearing Act" by Richard Matheson; the story was first published in The Magazine of Science Fiction. Rod Taylor and director Douglas Heyes worked together on the TV series Bearcats!. "Remember Me", an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, in which ship's doctor Beverly Crusher undergoes a comparable experience. "Revisions", a Stargate SG-1 episode with a similar plot. "Games People Play", a Eureka episode with a similar plot. DeVoe, Bill. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0. Grams, Martin; the Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0.
"And When the Sky Was Opened" on IMDb "And When the Sky Was Opened" at TV.com And When The Sky Was Opened | John's Twilight Zone Page
Jack Klugman was an American stage and television actor. He began his career in 1950, started television and film work with roles in 12 Angry Men and Cry Terror!. During the 1960s, he guest-starred on numerous television series. Klugman won his first Primetime Emmy Award for his guest-starring role on The Defenders, in 1964, he made a total of four appearances on The Twilight Zone from 1960 to 1963. In 1970, Klugman reprised his Broadway role of Oscar Madison in the television adaptation of The Odd Couple, opposite Tony Randall; the series aired from 1970 to 1975. Klugman won his second and third Primetime Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award for his work on the series. From 1976 to 1983, he starred in the title role in Quincy, M. E. for which he earned four Primetime Emmy Award nominations. Klugman was born in Philadelphia, the youngest of six children born to Rose, a hat maker, Max Klugman, a house painter, his parents were Russian Jewish immigrants. Klugman served in the United States Army during World War II.
He attended Carnegie Institute of Technology, now Carnegie Mellon University, in Pittsburgh, graduating in 1948. While there, his drama teacher told him, "Young man, you are not suited to be an actor. You are suited to be a truck driver." After the war, he pursued acting roles in New York City, while sharing an apartment with friend and fellow actor Charles Bronson. Klugman was active in numerous stage and film productions during the 1950s and'60s. In 1950, he had a small role in the Mr. Roberts road company at the Colonial Theatre in Boston; that same year, he made his television debut in an episode of Actors Studio. In March 1952, Klugman made his Broadway debut as Frank Bonaparte. In 1954, he played Jim Hanson on The Greatest Gift; the following year, he appeared in the live television broadcast of Producers' Showcase, in the episode "The Petrified Forest" with Humphrey Bogart and Henry Fonda. Klugman said the experience was the greatest thrill of his career, he went on to appear in several classic films, including 12 Angry Men, as juror number five.
In 1959, he returned to Broadway in the original production of Gypsy: A Musical Fable. In 1960, Klugman was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor for his role in the show, but lost to Tom Bosley in Fiorello!. He remained with Gypsy until it closed in March 1961. From 1960 to 1963, Klugman appeared in four episodes of The Twilight Zone series: "A Passage for Trumpet", "A Game of Pool", "Death Ship", "In Praise of Pip", tying with Burgess Meredith for the most appearances in a starring role on the series. In 1964, he won his first Primetime Emmy Award for his guest starring role on The Defenders; that same year, Klugman landed the starring role in the sitcom Harris Against the World. The series was a part of an experimental block of sitcoms that aired on NBC entitled 90 Bristol Court. Harris Against the World, along with the other sitcoms that aired in the block, were canceled due to low ratings the following year. Klugman continued the decade with multiple guest roles on television including The F.
B. I. Ben Casey, The Name of the Game, Insight, he appeared on Broadway in Tchin-Tchin, from October 1962 to May 1963. From 1960 to 1963, Klugman appeared in two episodes of The Untouchables series: "Loophole", "An Eye for an Eye". In 1965, Klugman replaced Walter Matthau in the lead role of Oscar Madison in the original Broadway production of The Odd Couple, he reprised the role when the play was adapted as a television series, broadcast on ABC from 1970 to 1975. Over the course of the show's five-year, 114-episode run, Klugman won two Primetime Emmy Awards for his work on the series. In 1973, during the run of the series and Odd Couple co-star Randall recorded an album titled The Odd Couple Sings for London Records. Roland Shaw and The London Festival Orchestra and Chorus provided additional vocals. After the cancellation of The Odd Couple in 1975, Klugman returned to television in 1976 in Quincy, M. E. broadcast as part of the NBC Mystery Movie umbrella series, before becoming a weekly program.
Klugman portrayed Dr. Quincy, a forensic pathologist who worked for the Los Angeles County Coroner's Office and solved crimes, he was nominated for four Primetime Emmy Awards for his work on the series and wrote four episodes. Quincy aired for a total of 148 episodes over eight seasons, ending in 1983. In 1986, Klugman starred in the sitcom You Again?, co-starring John Stamos as Klugman's character's son. The series was broadcast on NBC for two seasons before being canceled. During the show's run, Klugman appeared on Broadway in I'm Not Rappaport; the show closed in 1988. The following year, he co-starred in the television miniseries Around the World in 80 Days. In 1989, Klugman's throat cancer returned, his illness sidelined his career for the next four years. He returned to acting in a 1993 Broadway revival of Three Men on a Horse; that same year, he reunited with Tony Randall in the television film The Odd Couple: Together Again. The next year, Klugman co-starred in the television film Parallel Lives.
In 1993, he appeared on a special "celebrity versus regulars" version of the British quiz show Going for Gold, emerging as the series winner. In 1996, he co-starred in the comedy film Dear God, he resumed his television career with guest spots on Diagnosis: Murder. He starred in The Outer Limits episode "Glitch," and appeared in an episode of the TV series Crossing Jordan. In 1997, Klugman starred in the Broadway in 2007, Off-Broadway revival of The Sunshine Boys. In 2005, Klugman co-starred in the
Santa Monica, California
Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, United States. Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on three sides by the city of Los Angeles – Pacific Palisades to the north, Brentwood on the northeast, West Los Angeles on the east, Mar Vista on the southeast, Venice on the south; the Census Bureau population for Santa Monica in 2010 was 89,736. Due in part to an agreeable climate, Santa Monica became a famed resort town by the early 20th century; the city has experienced a boom since the late 1980s through the revitalization of its downtown core, significant job growth and increased tourism. The Santa Monica Pier and Pacific Park remain popular destinations. Santa Monica was long inhabited by the Tongva people. Santa Monica was called Kecheek in the Tongva language; the first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà, who camped near the present-day intersection of Barrington and Ohio Avenues on August 3, 1769. Named after the Christian saint Monica, there are two different accounts of how the city's name came to be.
One says it was named in honor of the feast day of Saint Monica, but her feast day is May 4. Another version says it was named by Juan Crespí on account of a pair of springs, the Kuruvungna Springs, that were reminiscent of the tears Saint Monica shed over her son's early impiety. In Los Angeles, several battles were fought by the Californios. Following the Mexican–American War, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which gave Mexicans and Californios living in state certain unalienable rights. US government sovereignty in California began on February 2, 1848. In the 1870s the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad, connected Santa Monica with Los Angeles, a wharf out into the bay; the first town hall was a modest 1873 brick building a beer hall, now part of the Santa Monica Hostel. It is Santa Monica's oldest extant structure. By 1885, the town's first hotel was the Santa Monica Hotel. Amusement piers became enormously popular in the first decades of the 20th century and the extensive Pacific Electric Railroad brought people to the city's beaches from across the Greater Los Angeles Area.
Around the start of the 20th century, a growing population of Asian Americans lived in and around Santa Monica and Venice. A Japanese fishing village was near the Long Wharf while small numbers of Chinese lived or worked in Santa Monica and Venice; the two ethnic minorities were viewed differently by White Americans who were well-disposed towards the Japanese but condescending towards the Chinese. The Japanese village fishermen were an integral economic part of the Santa Monica Bay community. Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field for the Douglas Aircraft Company. In 1924, four Douglas-built planes took off from Clover Field to attempt the first aerial circumnavigation of the world. Two planes returned after covering 27,553 miles in 175 days, were greeted on their return September 23, 1924, by a crowd of 200,000; the Douglas Company kept facilities in the city until the 1960s. The Great Depression hit Santa Monica deeply. One report gives citywide employment in 1933 of just 1,000.
Hotels and office building owners went bankrupt. In the 1930s, corruption infected Santa Monica; the federal Works Project Administration helped build several buildings, most notably City Hall. The main Post Office and Barnum Hall were among other WPA projects. Douglas's business grew astronomically with the onset of World War II, employing as many as 44,000 people in 1943. To defend against air attack, set designers from the Warner Brothers Studios prepared elaborate camouflage that disguised the factory and airfield; the RAND Corporation began as a project of the Douglas Company in 1945, spun off into an independent think tank on May 14, 1948. RAND acquired a 15-acre campus between the Civic Center and the pier entrance; the completion of the Santa Monica Freeway in 1966 brought the promise of new prosperity, though at the cost of decimating the Pico neighborhood, a leading African American enclave on the Westside. Beach volleyball is believed to have been developed by Duke Kahanamoku in Santa Monica during the 1920s.
The Santa Monica Looff Hippodrome is a National Historic Landmark. It sits on the Santa Monica Pier, built in 1909; the La Monica Ballroom on the pier was once the largest ballroom in the US and the source for many New Year's Eve national network broadcasts. The Santa Monica Civic Auditorium was an important music venue for several decades and hosted the Academy Awards in the 1960s. McCabe's Guitar Shop is a leading acoustic performance space as well as retail outlet. Bergamot Station is a city-owned art gallery compound; the city is home to the California Heritage Museum and the Angels Attic dollhouse and toy museum. The New West Symphony is the resident orchestra of Barnum Hall, they are resident orchestra of the Oxnard Performing Arts Center and the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. Santa Monica has three main shopping districts: Montana Avenue on the north side, the Downtown District in the city's core, Main Street on the south end; each has personality. Montana Avenue is a stretch of luxury boutique stores and small offices that features more upscale shopping.
The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing and other specialty retail. The Downtown District is the home of the Third Street Promenade, a major outdoor pedestrian-on
Pacific Ocean Park
Pacific Ocean Park was a twenty-eight acre, nautical-themed amusement park built on a pier at Pier Avenue in the Ocean Park section of Santa Monica, intended to compete with Disneyland. After it closed and fell into disrepair, the park and pier anchored the Dogtown area of Santa Monica. "POP", as it was soon nicknamed, was a joint venture between Santa Anita Park. It opened on Saturday, July 28, 1958 with an attendance of 20,000; the next day, the park drew 37,262. Admission was ninety cents for adults, which included access to certain exhibits; the term "POP" was used as a clever acronym for "Pay One Price", though other rides and attractions were on a pay-as-you-go basis. Like Disneyland, Pacific Ocean Park found corporate sponsors to share the expense of some exhibits. Six of the pier's original attractions were incorporated into the new park: The Sea Serpent roller coaster, the antique Looff carousel, the Toonerville Fun House, the Glass House, twin diving bells and more. Among a standard complement of carnival-style attractions and rides were the following: Westinghouse Enchanted Forest/USS Nautilus Submarine Exhibit featured a 150-foot -long model of the atomic reactor section of a submarine.
House of Tomorrow was themed like similar "looks at the future" featured at Disneyland and the World's Fair. Elektro, the talking and smoking robot from the 1939 World's Fair, was a prominent display. Sea Circus was included in the basic attraction price. Performing dolphins and sea lions played to audiences of 2000 at a time. After the show, visitors could feed seals in the Seal Pool. Diving Bells in which passengers were submerged into a large tank via hydraulic pistons. An underwater view of the tank was visible through the portholes; the ride was manufactured by Martine and this was their dual Maritime Diving Bells. Another such ride existed in single fashion at the Long Beach Nupike and Coney Island Astroland; the thrill of the ride occurred when the bell was allowed to "surface". When the hydraulic pressure holding the bell down was released the bell would shoot back up to the surface in dramatic fashion. Ocean Skyway built by Von Roll were bubble-shaped gondolas suspended 75 feet above the surface of the ocean.
Passengers were treated to a one-half mile trip out to back. Union 76 Ocean Highway was similar to Disneyland's Autopia attraction. Visitors could drive gasoline-powered automobiles on a simulated highway. Flight to Mars was an audio-visual presentation. Flying Carpet was a ride themed around Tales of the Arabian Nights. "Flying carpets" suspended on an overhead track took visitors over an Arabian-themed diorama. Mirror Maze was a standard funhouse attraction. Davy Jones' Locker was another funhouse with a nautical theme. Flying Dutchman was a dark ride similar in theme to Disneyland's Pirates of the Caribbean but without the animatronic figures. Deepest Deep simulated a voyage via submarine. Unlike Disneyland's Submarine Voyage attraction, "Deepest Deep" took place above water. Round the World in 80 Turns was an unusual combination of thrill ride. Tub-like ride vehicles whipped to the right and left to show travel scenes from around the world; the attraction was closed in the middle of the park's second season due to complaints of nausea and neck and back pain.
Safari Dark Ride was an interactive children's ride in which riders in miniature Jeeps used an electronic rifle to "hunt" animals in the African jungle. Mystery Island Banana Train Ride Considered by many to be Pacific Ocean Park's best ride, passengers were treated to a trip aboard a tropical banana plantation train complete with a simulated volcano and simulated earthquakes. Sea Serpent Roller Coaster was a 1926 Hi-Boy roller coaster from the original pier. Mahi Mahi was a massive tower with rotating arms ending in jet-style cars, each of which held eight passengers. A Stantzel Strat-O-Liner, six of these rides were manufactured. Whirl Pool was a centrifuge that pinned riders to the walls as the floor lowered beneath them; this ride was a themed Chance Rotor ride. Mr. Dolphin was another original pier attraction. Flying Fish was a miniature roller coaster made by Ramigosi, it was the first steel Wild Mouse roller coaster in the U. S. Carousel was the 1926-vintage Looff carousel from the original pier.
Fisherman's Cove and the International Promenade were shopping and souvenir areas which featured a number of good, international restaurants. King Neptunes Courtyard was a colorful walk under the ocean to view King Neptunes' lair. Mrs. Squid known as "The Ahuna Thrill Ride" was an Eyerly Dual Tub Octopus ride with a squid decor in the center; the ride had 16 tubs, each carrying 2 passengers. Mr. Octopus was a standard Eyerly Octopus ride with 8 tubs. By January 5, 1959, Pacific Ocean Park had attracted 1,190,000 visitors. Although plans were made to add four new attractions, only two were completed at a cost of $2,000,000, they were: a unique pair of double Ferris wheels. Manufactured by Velare Brothers of Signal Hill, CA; this attraction is still owned by Drew Exposition of Georgia. Fun Forest, a children's area with mazes and slides as well as helicopter, boat and covered wagon rides. In 1965, Santa Monica began the Ocean Park urban renewal project. Buildings in the surrounding area were demolished and streets leading to the park were closed.
As a result, visitors found it hard to reach the park and attendance plummeted to 621,000 in 1965 and 398,700 in 1966. At the end of the 1967 tourist season, the park's creditors and the City of Santa Monica filed s
House of mirrors
A house of mirrors or hall of mirrors is a traditional attraction at funfairs and amusement parks. The basic concept behind a house of mirrors is to be a maze-like puzzle. In addition to the maze, participants are given mirrors as obstacles, glass panes to parts of the maze they cannot yet get to. Sometimes the mirrors may be distorted because of different curves, convex, or concave in the glass to give the participants unusual and confusing reflections of themselves, some humorous and others frightening; the first known literary example is in Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera, in which Erik has built one for the Shah of Persia as a trap and uses a similar trap to protect his lair from his enemies. The first cinematic instance of this was at the climax of the film The Lady from Shanghai. Other notable examples include Woody Allen's movie Manhattan Murder Mystery which directly refers to The Lady from Shanghai. Francisco Scaramanga's "Fun House" in the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun has a House of mirrors.
In an episode of the Twilight Zone, "In Praise of Pip", a bookie tries to tell his dying son how much he loves him while chasing him inside a house of mirrors. In the fourth season of the show Leverage, in the episode "The Carnival Job", Elliot has a showdown with Molly's captors in a house of mirrors; the concept has been used in comics. In Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, Batman is seen chasing the Joker through an amusement park and into a hall of mirrors, it was used to create suspense as Joker could not decipher what was real and what was just an image. In Charlie Chaplin's 1928 movie The Circus, Charlie Chaplin is chased into a mirror maze by a thief and the police. Charlie Chaplin Official Youtube Movie Clip: Charlie Chaplin - The Mirror Maze In John Boorman's 1974 movie Zardoz, character "Z" battles against "The Vortex" in a mirror maze. One of the most famous ending sequences in film history related to a house of mirrors is in Enter the Dragon starring Bruce Lee; the finale takes place in a house of mirrors, where Lee learns it is best to smash the glass obstacles to solve his problem and defeat the villain.
John Wick: Chapter 2 - John Wick engages in a chase and climactic knife fight in a multi-floor modern art museum exhibit called "Reflections of the Soul" made of halls and stairways lined with mirrors with lights and video screens reflected in them. The Kraftwerk album Trans-Europe Express includes a song called "The Hall of Mirrors". Fusion guitarist Allan Holdsworth has a song called "House of Mirrors" of his Hard Hat Area album; the Insane Clown Posse album The Ringmaster has a song called "House of Mirrors", representing it as one of the attractions of the Dark Carnival. The origins of the house of mirrors stem from the hall of mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. Upon a visit to France to discuss colonial land agreements, Peter Stuyvesant arrived at the Palace of Versailles and gazed upon the hall of mirrors present in the palace. Peter became determined to bring this amazement to the newly founded colonial city of New Amsterdam, of which he was governor. Peter Stuyvesant's House of Mirrors was founded in 1651 and he charged one Dutch gulden for admission.
Curved mirror Escape room List of amusement rides