Gregory James Nava is an American film director and screenplay writer. Nava was born in San Diego, of Mexican and Basque heritage, Nava graduated from St. Augustine High School in San Diego and went on to attend film school at UCLA where he earned an MFA in 1976. At UCLA he directed the short film The Journal of Diego Rodriguez Silva, in 1995 the film was registered by the Library of Congress, National Film Registry. According to Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert, El Norte tells the story with astonishing visual beauty, with unashamed melodrama and it is a Grapes of Wrath for our time. Further collaborations with his wife Thomas include, The Confessions of Amans, A Time of Destiny, My Family, and Frida, Nava had further directing success in 1997 with the film Selena, starring Jennifer Lopez, who was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. From 2003 to 2004, Nava executive produced the television series American Family and he directed a few episodes. In 2006, Nava produced and directed the film Bordertown which made its debut at the Berlin Film Festival on February 15,2007, the film, based on true events, is a political thriller about a series of unsolved murders in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.
It stars Jennifer Lopez as a Chicago-based reporter who follows the story, the film was shot in New Mexico and Mexico. Montréal World Film Festival, Grand Prix des Amériques, for El Norte,1983, donostia-San Sebastián International Film Festival, OCIC Award, for My Family,1995. Bravo Awards, Outstanding Feature Film, for My Family,1995, taos Talking Picture Festival, Cineaste Award,1995. ALMA Award, Outstanding Latino Director of a Feature Film, for Selena,1997, ALMA Award, Outstanding Latino Director of a Feature Film, for Why Do Fools Fall in Love,1998. Santa Fe Film Festival, Luminaria Award,2006, nominations Academy Awards, Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen, for El Norte,1983. Writers Guild of America Award, Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen, donostia-San Sebastián International Film Festival, Golden Seashell Award, for My Family,1995. Emmy Awards, Outstanding Miniseries, for American Family, Journey of Dreams, Berlin International Film Festival, Golden Berlin Bear, Gregory Nava, for Bordertown,2007.
Gregory Nava at the Internet Movie Database PBS interview of Gregory Nava with Bill Moyers
After Hours (film)
After Hours is a 1985 American black comedy film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Joseph Minion, and starring Griffin Dunne with an ensemble cast. The film follows Paul Hackett, portrayed by Dunne, as he experiences a series of misadventures while making his way home from New York Citys SoHo district during the night, warner Home Video released the film on VHS in 1991 for both widescreen and pan-and-scan NTSC laserdiscs. It has released on DVD. After a long and boring day at work, Paul Hackett and they discuss their common interest in Henry Miller. Marcy leaves Paul her number and informs him that she lives with a sculptor named Kiki Bridges, in the night, under the pretense of buying a paperweight, Paul visits Marcy, taking a cab to her apartment. On his way to visit Marcy, a $20 bill is blown out the window of the cab, the cab driver is furious that he cannot pay. This is the first in a series of misadventures for Paul that turn hostile through no fault of his own. At the apartment Paul meets the sculptor Kiki and Marcy, and comes across a collection of photographs and medications which imply that Marcy is severely disfigured from burns on her legs and torso.
As a result of this implication, and as a result of a conversation with Marcy. Paul attempts to go home by subway, but the fare has increased at the stroke of midnight and he goes to a bar where Julie, a waitress, becomes enamored with him. At the bar, Paul learns that there have been a string of burglaries in the neighborhood, the bars owner, Tom Schorr, offers to give Paul money to cover the subway fare, but cannot open the cash register. They exchange keys so Paul can go to Toms place to fetch the cash register keys, on the way back from Toms apartment, Paul is questioned by suspicious neighbors. Afterwards, Paul spots two actual burglars and Pepe, with one of Kikis sculptures, after he attempts to confront them, they flee, dropping the sculpture in the process. When Paul returns the sculpture to Kiki and Marcys apartment, he finds Marcy has committed suicide, Kiki and a stout man named Horst have already left to go to Club Berlin, a nightclub. Paul attempts to return to Toms bar, but it is locked up, Paul meets Julie, the waitress, in the street, who invites him up to her apartment to wait for Tom to reopen the bar.
Julie is enamored with Paul, but Paul goes back to Toms bar, finding Tom grieving over Marcy, Paul returns to Julies apartment where she begins to sketch his portrait while they talk. Ultimately, Paul rejects Julies advances and leaves and he goes to Club Berlin to find Kiki and Horst, where a collection of punks attempt to shave his head into a Mohawk hairstyle. On the street, Paul is mistaken for a burglar and is pursued by a mob of local residents
Pacific Time Zone
The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time. During daylight saving time, its time offset is UTC−7 and is based on the mean solar time of the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. In the United States and Canada, this zone is generically called the Pacific Time Zone. Specifically, it uses Pacific Standard Time when observing standard time, most of Canada uses daylight saving time. In Mexico, the UTC−8 time zone is known as the Northwest Zone, the largest city in the Pacific Time Zone is Los Angeles, the citys metropolitan area is the largest in the zone. The following states or areas are part of the Pacific Time Zone, California Washington Oregon – all, except for most of Malheur County, nevada Idaho Panhandle – the northern half of Idaho, north of the Salmon River. The town of Hyder, Alaska, is officially in the Alaska Time Zone, most of the town observes the Pacific Time because of strong connections with nearby Stewart, British Columbia, which is in the Pacific Time Zone.
The United States Post Office in Hyder strictly adheres to Alaska Time, in Canada, the Pacific Time Zone includes most of British Columbia, all of Yukon, and the townsite of Tungsten. In Mexico, the state of Baja California lies completely within the Pacific Time Zone and this does not include the state of Baja California Sur, which is south of Baja California. Through 2006, the time changed to daylight time at 02,00 LST to 03,00 LDT on the first Sunday in April. The Canadian provinces and territories that use daylight time each adopted these dates between October 2005 and February 2007, in Mexico, beginning in 2010, the portion of the country in this time zone uses the extended dates, as do some other parts. The vast majority of Mexico, still uses the old dates
John Edmund Mulaney is an American comedian, actor and producer. He is best known for his work as a writer on Saturday Night Live and as a comedian with standup specials The Top Part, New in Town. He was the creator and star of the Fox sitcom Mulaney, Mulaney was born in Chicago, the son of Ellen, a law professor at Northwestern University, and Charles W. Chip Mulaney, Jr. an attorney and partner at Skadden Arps. Both of his parents are of Irish Catholic descent, Mulaneys maternal great-grandfather was George J. Bates, a Republican mayor of Salem, who served as a congressman from that state. His maternal great-uncle is William H. Bates, who served as a U. S. congressman. His parents both attended Georgetown University and Yale Law School with the future president Bill Clinton, whom Mulaney met in 1992 and he is the third of four children, his younger brother, died in 1986. At the age of seven, Mulaney had an opportunity to audition for the role of Kevin in the film Home Alone, but his parents declined.
For junior high, he attended St. Clement School where, in lieu of doing reports, he and his best friend, John OBrien, would offer to perform what they had learned in the format of a skit. Mulaney would frequent the Museum of Broadcast Communications, where he would watch archived episodes of such as I Love Lucy or The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. He attended St. Ignatius College Prep, and finally Georgetown University, upon graduating from college, he moved to New York with ambitions of a career in comedy, and was hired as an office assistant at Comedy Central. After a year, he pitched the idea for a parody of the I Love the 80s called I Love the 30s, Mulaney auditioned for Saturday Night Live in August 2008. Mulaney won a spot on the team, where he remained for six seasons. He occasionally appeared on the shows Weekend Update segment and he and SNL actor Bill Hader co-created the recurring SNL character Stefon. Mulaney was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series with the SNL writing staff from 2009–2012, Mulaney won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics at the 63rd Primetime Emmy Awards with Justin Timberlake, Seth Meyers and Katreese Barnes.
In addition to his work on SNL, Mulaney has worked for a number of years as a stand-up comedian and he has performed on Live at Gotham, Jimmy Kimmel Live, Late Night With Jimmy Fallon, Late Night With Conan OBrien, and Comedy Central Presents. Mulaney released a comedy album titled The Top Part in 2009. Both were produced with Comedy Central and he frequently tours his comedy shows, sometimes with his Mulaney co-star Seaton Smith. He performed at the 2008 Bonnaroo Music Festival, Mulaneys third stand-up comedy special titled The Comeback Kid was released on November 13,2015, on Netflix
Rivers Edge is a 1986 American drama film directed by Tim Hunter, written by Neal Jimenez, and starring Crispin Glover, Keanu Reeves, Ione Skye Leitch, Daniel Roebuck, and Dennis Hopper. It was awarded Best Picture at the 1986 Independent Spirit Awards, the movie opens with a boy, Tim throwing a doll into the water from a bridge. He hears a yell, and sees Samson/John sitting on the shore, the boy pedals off, and Samson smokes a cigarette by the naked corpse of Jamie. Samson leaves in a daze, and Tim spots him at a convenience store, while Samson haggles with the clerk because he has no ID to purchase beer, Tim steals two beers and leaves them for Samson. Tim asks Samson for dope, and gets in Samsons car and they drive to Fecks place for marijuana, but hes not home. As Tim returns home, his brother Matt is arguing with his mother and his little sister Kim wants Matts help for a funeral for her lost doll, and we learn that the family is dysfunctional. Layne arrives to pick up Matt, and Tim asks to come along, Layne refuses, and Tim bicycles off, despite his mothers complaint.
Layne and Matt arrive at Fecks house, where Feck is playing saxophone for an inflatable doll, Layne gets marijuana from Feck, and Feck talks about the girl he had to kill. At school and Matt smoke pot with Clarissa, Samson/John arrives and takes them to see Jamies body. Matt is nervous and leaves, and Layne starts planning how to get alibis, mr. Burkewaite teaches his class about radicals, and Clarissa flirts with him. The murder story starts to spread, and Layne tries to borrow Mikes truck, Mike refuses, but is willing to drive. They see the body, and Layne tells them to bury her. No one is willing to help, including John, Clarissa is uncomfortable with the secret, but Layne threatens her. Shes too scared to call the police, and calls Matt and that night, Layne rolls Jamies body into the river. John buys him beer, but doesnt seem to care that Layne is trying to protect him, at Johns house, they see police cars. Layne panics, but John is calm and they go to Feck for help, and Layne leaves John with him.
Feck recognizes a kindred spirit, and they begin to talk, Matt brings detective Bennett to the place where the body was, and the cops fish her out of the river. Bennett grills Matt about the murder, Matts mother picks him up from the police station, and he gets in a fight with her boyfriend Jim
Stand and Deliver
Stand and Deliver is a 1988 American drama film based on the true story of high school math teacher Jaime Escalante. Edward James Olmos portrayed Escalante in the film and received a nomination for Best Actor at the 61st Academy Awards, the film was added to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress in 2011. Jaime Escalante becomes a teacher at James A. Garfield High School in Eastern Los Angeles. The school is full of Hispanic students from families who are way below their grade level in terms of academic skills and have a lot of social problems. Escalante seeks to change the culture to help the students excel in academics. He soon realizes the potential of his class and sets a goal of having the students taking AP Calculus by their senior year. Escalante instructs his class under the philosophy of ganas, roughly translating into desire or motivation, the students begin taking summer classes in advanced mathematics with Escalante having to withstand the cynicism of the other faculty, who feel the students are not capable enough.
As the students struggle with the expectations they face in society, Escalante helps them overcome this adversity. To his dismay, the Educational Testing Service questions the success of the students, insisting there is too much overlap in their errors, Escalante defends his students, feeling that the allegations are based more on racial and economic perceptions. He offers to have the students retake the test months later, mathews heard from two of the students that during the exam a piece of paper had been passed around with that flawed solution. Twelve students retook the exam, and most of them received 4 and 5 on the 5-point exam, in 1987,27 percent of all Mexican Americans who scored 3 or higher on the calculus AP exam were students at Garfield High. Mathews wrote in The Los Angeles Times that the Ana Delgado character was the teenage character in the film based on a real person. Escalante first began teaching at Garfield High School in 1974 and taught his first AP Calculus course in 1978 with a group of 14 students.
Only five students remained in the course at the end of the year, reason stated that Unlike the students in the movie, the real Garfield students required years of solid preparation before they could take calculus. So Escalante established a program at East Los Angeles College where students could take classes in intensive seven-week summer sessions. Escalante and Gradillas were instrumental in getting the feeder schools to offer algebra in the eighth and ninth grades, a 2016 episode of the American animated television series American Dad. American senator Rand Paul was accused of plagiarizing near-verbatim portions of the summary from the Wikipedia article on Stand. 1988 in film AFIs 100 Years,100 Cheers List of American films of 1988 Stand and Deliver at the Internet Movie Database Stand and Deliver at AllMovie Stand and Deliver at Rotten Tomatoes Stand and Deliver at Box Office Mojo
Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis, Lady Haden-Guest is an American actress and author. She made her debut in 1978 by starring as Laurie Strode in John Carpenters Halloween. Curtis other notable films include Blue Steel and Freaky Friday, for which she received her third Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress - Musical or Comedy. For her role in the television series Anything But Love, Curtis received the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy. Curtis received her first Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie for her performance in the television film, Curtis currently stars in the comedy horror series Scream Queens on FOX. Curtis is the daughter of the actress Janet Leigh and actor Tony Curtis and she is married to actor and director Christopher Guest, 5th Baron Haden-Guest. Her 1998 book Today I Feel Silly, and Other Moods That Make My Day made the best-seller list in The New York Times and she has appeared in advertisements and is a blogger for The Huffington Post.
Curtis was born in Santa Monica, California, to actor Tony Curtis and her paternal grandparents were Hungarian Jewish immigrants and two of her maternal great-grandparents were Danish. Curtiss parents divorced in 1962, after which her mother married Robert Brandt, Curtis has an older sister, Kelly Curtis, who is an actress, and several half-siblings, Allegra and Nicholas Curtis. Curtis attended Westlake School in Los Angeles and Beverly Hills High School, returning to California in 1976, she attended the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. She considered majoring in social work, but quit after one semester to pursue an acting career, curtiss film debut occurred in the 1978 horror film Halloween, in which she played the role of Laurie Strode. The film was a success and was considered the highest grossing independent film of its time. Curtis was subsequently cast in several films, garnering her the title. Her next film was the horror film The Fog, which was helmed by Halloween director John Carpenter, the film opened in February 1980 to mixed reviews but strong box office, starting Curtis as a horror film starlet.
Her next film, Prom Night, was a low-budget Canadian slasher film released in July 1980 and that year, Curtis starred in Terror Train, which opened in October and was met with negative reviews akin to Prom Night. Both films performed well at the box office. Curtis had a function in both films - the main character whose friends are murdered, and is practically the only protagonist to survive. Curtis appeared in Halloween II, Halloween H20,20 Years Later and Halloween, Resurrection, as well as giving a voice role in Halloween III
Nicholas J. Nick Kroll is an American actor, comedian and producer. He is best known for his role as Rodney Ruxin in the FX/FXX comedy series The League, Kroll was born in New York City, and raised in Westchester County, New York, to Lynn and Jules B. Kroll, a businessman who founded Kroll Inc. a corporate investigations, the youngest child in the family, he has a brother and two sisters and Dana. He was raised in Conservative Judaism, and attended the Solomon Schechter School of Westchester and he went on to high school at Rye Country Day School. During this time, he briefly attended The Mountain School in Vermont where he developed his fondness for hiking. In 2001, Kroll graduated from Georgetown University and he described himself as a history major, and I minored in art and Spanish, but I found myself gravitating toward media studies as time went on. Kroll has been a writer to Comedy Centrals Chappelles Show. Krolls live work is a mix of standup and characters and he is well known as a performer for his characters, Bobby Bottleservice, Fabrice Fabrice, and Gil Faizon of The Oh, Hello Show, which he created with writing partner John Mulaney.
His character work features prominently in Kroll Show, Kroll was honored with the Breakout Star of the Year award from the 2013 Just For Laughs Comedy Festival in Montreal, Canada. Kroll is a co-author of the book Bar Mitzvah Disco, Kroll tours the United States performing stand-up and makes frequent appearances on comedy podcasts and radio programs. In 2011, Comedy Central aired his stand-up special Thank You Very Cool and he has studied and performed regularly at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theater in NYC and LA and co-hosted the stand-up show Welcome to Our Week with Jessi Klein. In November and December 2008, he toured with Aziz Ansari on his Glow in the Dark comedy tour in the USA, Kroll created a stand-up character, Bobby Bottleservice. He has featured the character in a number of videos for the Funny or Die website, including the Ed Hardy Boyz. Most recently, Kroll has been touring the U. S. alongside John Mulaney in a show called Oh, the show premiered on Broadway on September 23,2016.
Krolls first significant career success came when he co-starred in the ABC sitcom Cavemen and he genuinely called his role in the seven-episode comedy “the most important experience of my professional career”. He went on to VH1s Best Week Ever, and to guest-starring roles on Parks and Recreation, Community and he made appearances on numerous Comedy Central series such as Reno 911. John Olivers New York Stand Up Show, and The Benson Interruption, Kroll had a starring role as Rodney Ruxin in the FXX comedy series The League, which aired October 29,2009 to December 9,2015. Concurrently, he created and starred in his own Comedy Central sketch series, Kroll Show, Kroll has a recurring role on Childrens Hospital on Adult Swim
The Grifters (film)
The Grifters is a 1990 American neo-noir crime drama film directed by Stephen Frears, produced by Martin Scorsese, and starring John Cusack, Anjelica Huston and Annette Bening. The screenplay was written by Donald E. Westlake, based on Jim Thompsons pulp novel of the same name, Lilly Dillon is a veteran con artist. She works for a bookmaker, Bobo Justus, making large bets at race tracks to lower the odds of longshots. On her way to La Jolla for the races, she stops in Los Angeles to visit her son Roy. She finds him in pain and bleeding internally after one of his victims caught him pulling a petty scam, when medical assistance finally comes, Lilly confronts the doctor, threatening to have him killed if her son dies. At the hospital, Lilly meets and takes an instant dislike to Roys girlfriend, Myra Langtry, Lilly urges her son to quit the grift, saying he literally does not have the stomach for it. Because she leaves late for La Jolla, she misses a race where the winner was paying 70–1, for this mistake, Bobo burns her hand with a cigar.
Myra, like Roy and Lilly, plays all the angles, when her landlord demands payment of late rent, she uses her sex appeal to lure him into bed and forget the rent. She makes an offer to a jeweler to get what she wants for a gem she is trying to pawn. Upon leaving the hospital, Roy takes Myra to La Jolla for the weekend, on the train, she notices him conning a group of sailors in a rigged dice game. Myra reveals to Roy that she is a grifter and is looking for a new partner for a long-con operation. Myra describes her association with another man and how they took advantage of wealthy marks in business cons, including a greedy oil investor. A flashback scene in an office building culminates in a fake FBI raid with a fake shooting of Myra to discourage Hebbing from going to the police. Roy, who insists on working only short-term cons, resists the proposition, seeing Lillys power over Roy, accuses him of having an incestuous interest in Lilly. She lets it be known that Lilly has been stealing from Bobo over the years, Lilly is warned by a friend and flees.
Myra follows with the intention of killing her, Roy is called by an FBI agent to identify his mothers body, found in a motel room with the face disfigured by a gunshot wound. While identifying it as Lillys, he notes that there is no cigar burn on the corpses hand. Coming back home, he finds Lilly trying to all of his money
The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the Academy Award of Merit, which has become commonly known by its nickname Oscar. The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, are overseen by AMPAS, the awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now live in more than 200 countries and can be streamed live online. The Academy Awards ceremony is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony and its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, and the Grammy Awards for music and recording – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2016, were held on February 26,2017, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, the ceremony was hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,048 Oscars have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 88th, the first Academy Awards presentation was held on May 16,1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people.
The post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel, the cost of guest tickets for that nights ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the industry of the time. The ceremony ran for 15 minutes, winners were announced to media three months earlier, that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since then, for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11,00 pm on the night of the awards. The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and he had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier, this made him the first Academy Award winner in history. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, for the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on March 27,1957, until then, foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies always end with the Academy Award for Best Picture.
The Academy awards Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting, see § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. The five spokes represent the branches of the Academy, Writers, Producers. The model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio El Indio Fernández, sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons design. The statuettes presented at the ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze
Platoon is a 1986 American war film written and directed by Oliver Stone, starring Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, and Charlie Sheen. It is the first film of a trilogy of Vietnam War films directed by Stone, followed by Born on the Fourth of July and Heaven & Earth. Stone wrote the screenplay based upon his experiences as a U. S. infantryman in Vietnam, Platoon was the first Hollywood film to be written and directed by a veteran of the Vietnam War. Platoon won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1986, it won Best Director for Oliver Stone, as well as Best Sound Mixing, in 1998, the American Film Institute placed Platoon at #83 in their AFIs 100 Years. In 1967, U. S. Army volunteer Chris Taylor arrives in Vietnam and is assigned to a platoon near the Cambodian border. Taylor is immediately sent out with Barnes and veteran soldiers on a night ambush for a North Vietnamese Army force. The NVA soldiers manage to get close to the sleeping Americans before a brief firefight ensues, Taylors fellow new recruit Gardener is killed, after his return from hospital, Taylor bonds with Elias and his circle of marijuana-smokers while remaining aloof from Barnes and his more hard-edged followers.
During a subsequent patrol, three men are killed by traps and unseen assailants. Already on edge, the platoon is further angered when they discover an enemy supply, Elias arrives, getting into a physical altercation with Barnes over the killing before Wolfe breaks it up and orders the supplies destroyed and the village razed. Taylor prevents a gang-rape of two girls by some of Barnes men, on their next patrol, the platoon is ambushed and pinned down in a firefight, in which numerous soldiers are wounded. More men are wounded when Lieutenant Wolfe accidentally directs an artillery strike onto his own unit before Barnes calls it off, Elias takes Taylor and two other men to intercept flanking enemy troops. Barnes orders the rest of the platoon to retreat and goes back into the jungle to find Elias group, Barnes finds Elias alone and shoots him and tells the others that Elias was killed by the enemy. While the platoon is extracting via helicopter, they glimpse Elias, mortally wounded, emerging from the treeline and being chased by a group of North Vietnamese soldiers, noting Barnes anxious manner, Taylor realizes that he was responsible.
At the base, Taylor attempts to talk his group into fragging Barnes in retaliation when Barnes, having them, enters the room. Taylor assaults the intoxicated Barnes but is quickly overpowered, Barnes cuts Taylor near his eye with a push dagger before departing. The platoon is sent back to the front line to maintain defensive positions and that night, a major NVA assault occurs, and the defensive lines are broken. Much of the platoon, including Wolfe and most of Barnes followers, are killed in the ensuing battle, during the attack, an NVA sapper, armed with explosives, destroys the battalion headquarters in a suicide attack. Now in command of the defense, Captain Harris orders his air support to all their remaining ordnance inside his perimeter
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci