Indian Institute of Millets Research
The Indian Institute of Millets Research, located at Rajendranagar is an agricultural research institute engaged in basic and strategic research on sorghum and other millets. IIMR operates under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, it conducts agricultural research on Millets breeding, improvement and value addition. IIMR coordinates and facilitates sorghum research at national level through the All India Coordinated Research Projects on Sorghum and provides linkages with various national and international agencies, it was founded in 1958 first established under the Project on Intensified Research on Cotton and Millets and was engaged in research on important dryland crops such as sorghum, groundnut, pigeon-pea and cotton as well as sorghum-based cropping systems. The institute paved way for agricultural research in India during that time; the institute has now been upgraded as ICAR - Indian institute of Millets Research in 2014. The current Director is Vilas A. Tonapi. ICAR - IIMR performs crop improvement research, using conventional as well as methods derived from biotechnology, on the following crops: sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, little millet, barnyard millet, proso millet and Kodo millet.
B Dayakar Rao International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Indian Institutes of Technology
Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture
Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture is one of the research institutes under Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi to serve as the nodal agency for catering to the needs of the brackishwater aquaculture research in India. The institute is headquartered at Santhome High Road, Raja Annamalai Puram, Chennai with a research centre at Kakdwip in West Bengal and an experimental field station at Muttukadu 30 km to the south of Chennai; the institute works under the Ministry of India. The Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture assists small aqua farmers in optimising their finfish and shrimp farming by providing suitable modern technologies, they offer study courses and research facilities for students and entrepreneurs. CIBA conducts farmers’ meet, exhibitions and brainstorming sessions. CIBA was formed, under Indian Council of Agricultural Research, with a mandate to: conduct research for development of techno-economically viable and sustainable culture systems for finfish and shellfish in brackish water.
Act as a repository of information on brackish water fishery resources with a systematic database undertake transfer of technology through training and extension programmes provide consultancy services The organization has the following research divisions for the development of marine science The Division deals with research on crustaceans such as: Maturation and seed production Nursery rearing and culture Area development and impact assessment Molecular approach in disease diagnostics and species identification FCD deals with brackish water fish such as Asian Seabass, King fish and Milk fish with special emphasis on domestication, production under controlled conditions, breeding and broodstock management. The principal focus of NGBD is fish feed development such as Crab feed, Seabass feed, Shrimp feed, Fish meal & fish oil replacement; the Division conducts research on Genetics and Biotechnology. One of the 2005-07 studies estimated the national loss of shrimp production at 48717 metric tonnes of product and the economic loss due to diseases at Rs. 1022.13 crore per year.
AAHED focusses on research to eliminate/minimise the aquatic health concerns due to Viral and bacterial diseases. SSD conducts statistical research on: Sector analysis Extension, stakeholder interaction and requirement analysis Fish availability and livelihood analysis and facilitating factors and time management. KRC deals with research on shrimp farming in the coastal West Bengal; the Division emphasises the development of various shrimp varieties such as Mugil cephalus, L. tade, L. parsia and P. monodon in one trial and finfish such as Chanos chanos. They have a mechanism to collect extensive data from 400 brackish water aquaculture farms in the coastal districts of West Bengal and maintain a user-friendly relational database management system for the traditional brackish water aquaculture system in West Bengal; the Agricultural Knowledge Management Unit is the online connectivity platform for different research institutes, national centers and State Agricultural Universities. The maintain databases on coastal aquaculture, provides advanced methods of communication and internet technologies and maintain and update the Institute's web site.
The Institute has an extensive library on various disciplines of aquaculture and fisheries such as shrimp and fish grow-out culture technology, hatchery technology, nutrition, genetics, aquaculture engineering, toxicology, socio-economics and extension. The institute has three laboratories: Health laboratory Nutrition laboratory KRC laboratory CIBA maintain other facilities such as Hatchery, Trainees' Hostel and Conference hall with video conferencing. Dr. K. K. Krishnani, Renowned Scientist in Aquatic Animal Health and Environment Division has invented many technologies and applied for 9 patents, being the most number of applications filed by any individual scientist at CIBA. https://www.researchgate.net/institution/Central_Institute_of_Brackishwater_Aquaculture CIBA profile and programs on YouTube Documentary about CIBA on YouTube Location map on Open street Map Reference on ASTI on Wikimapia Profile ICAR booklet on CIBA CIBA prodile on Docstock Booklet on CIBA
Indian Institute of Spices Research
The Indian Institute of Spices Research is an autonomous organization engaged in agricultural research related to spices in India. The institute has its headquarters in Moozhikkal, Silver Hills, Kerala and is a subsidiary of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, under the Ministry of Agriculture, India. ICAR, in 1971, launched a project, All India Coordinated Spices and Cashew Improvement Project at Central Plantation Crops Research Institute at Kasaragod, Kerala to initiate research activities for the development of spice crops; the project was upgraded as a Regional station and the base was shifted to Kozhikode in 1975. In 1986, ICAR merged the station with Cardamom Research Centre of CPCRI located at Appangala, Karnataka under the name, National Research Centre for Spices. NRCS was further upgraded in 1995 as the Indian Institute of Spices Research. IISR was formed with a five-fold mandate: Target group: Farmers & Planters Mandate: To extend services and technologies to conserve genetic resources of spices as well as soil and air of spices agro ecosystems.
Programs: Collection, conservation and cataloguing of germplasm of spice crops for yield and other economically important characters. System approach for sustainable production of spices. Target group: Farmers, Planters & Industries Mandate: To develop high yielding and high quality spice varieties and sustainable production and protection systems using traditional and non-traditional techniques and novel biotechnological approaches. Programs: Breeding improved varieties of spice crops for yield, quality and resistance to pests and diseases through conventional and molecular approaches. Identification and development of diagnostics against pests, pathogens nematodes of spice crops. Developing integrated pest and disease management strategies in spice crops. Systems approach for sustainable production of spices. Production of nucleus planting materials of improved varieties of spice crops. Target group: Farmers, Planters & Industries Mandate: To develop post harvest technologies of spices with emphasis on product development and product diversification for domestic and export purposes.
Programs: Value addition and post harvest processing of spices Investigations on nutraceuticals and pharmacokinetics aspects of spicesTarget group: Farmers, Researchers & Development Agencies Mandate: To act as a centre for training in research methodology and technology upgradation of spices and to coordinate national research projects. Programs: Extension and training Developing customized software and expert systems on spicesTarget group: Farmers, Planters & Policy makers Mandate: To monitor the adoption of new and existing technologies to make sure that research is targeted to the needs of the farming community. Programs: Economics and modeling Extension and training The service spectrum of IISR spreads over three areas: The Institute provides research facilities related to spice crops, both Institute funded and externally funded; the objectives of the research programs span over: Collection, conservation and cataloging of germplasm. Development of varieties of high yield and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses through conventional and biotechnological approaches.
Standardizing propagation methods to ensure large scale production and distribution of high yielding genotypes Development of agrotechniques for increasing production and productivity. Integrated pest and disease management. Post harvest technology Socio-economic aspects of cultivation and information dissemination in spices. Investigation on pharmacokinetics aspects of spices. IISR provides facilities for project based education at Masters and PhD levels. PhD Programme: Indian Institute of Spices Research is affiliated to Mangalore University, University of Kerala, Kerala Agricultural University, Acharya Nagarjuna University and Kannur University and offers doctoral research programs in various subjects: Biochemistry Bioinformatics Biotechnology Botany Entomology Genetics & Plant Breeding Geo-informatics Horticulture Microbiology Hematology Organic Chemistry Plant Pathology Plant Physiology Soil ChemistryMSc/MTech Project: IISR offers a platform for project work for the students of MSc/MTech.
MPhil Thesis Work: MPhil programme students can undertake the thesis work under any of the scientists of the institute. Post MSc/MTech Training: MSc/MTech holders can join for Post MSc/MTech Training under any of the scientists of the institute. IISR has, from time to organized projects for the development of spices farming; the All India Coordinated Research Project on Spices is one such project. Further, IISR has prepared a knowledge base for the farmers, consisting of: Package of Practices: cultivation practices recommended for different spices available as pdf and html versions. Pamphlets in Malayalam Planting Materials: Availability,cost of different planting materials. Spice Varieties: Information on major spice varieties released from the institute. Success Stories: Proven technologies of the institute. Ten crops have been brought under the mandate of the Indian Institute of Spices Research. Garcinia Black pepper Ginger Clove Cardamom Nutmeg Turmeric Cinnamon Paprika Vanilla IISR has a range of full-fledged laboratories: Centralized Molecular Biology facility: A centralized laboratory with Equipments such as PCR systems, electrophoresis units, gel documentation systems, particle delivery system, transilluminators, Protein Profile Probe, Cryo- preservation
Agricultural Research Service (ICAR, India)
Agriculture Research Services abbreviated as ARS is the research services of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board conducts all India competitive examination for ARS examination, to recruit entry level posts in the Agricultural Research Services of ICAR; the ASRB in pursuation of the Gajendragadkar Report on ICAR, 1972 was established on 1 November 1973. The basic purpose of the service is to set a cutting edge model of education, perform research for its application in agriculture, agro forestry, animal husbandry, home science and allied sciences; the agricultural research services has been playing a major role in make the country self-reliant as far as production of food grains, horticultural crops, meat and eggs are concerned and the role of the services goes further scathing and challenging owing to widening demand of the country growing at a decadal growth rate of 17.2 percent.
The ARS examination conducted by the ASRB consists of three stages viz. Prelims and Interview; the prelims stage is the qualifying examination and all those candidates who desire to appear for the ARS examination have to appear for both prelims and mains examination. Total exam is of 300 marks of which mains exam is of 240 marks and interview is of 60 marks; the ARS examination is the initial port of entry into the services of ICAR and the new entrants are imparted foundation training called as FOCARS at the National Academy of Agricultural Research Management,Hyderabad. It's 108th batch of FOCARS under training.. The FOCARS is designed for the newly recruited entry level scientists to the Agricultural Research Service of the ICAR; the course aims at providing exposure to the trainees on the concepts and principles of project management with special emphasis on project formulation and implementation. It includes capsules in related areas on human resources development, information and communication management.
The Agricultural Research Service Scientists' Forum of the scientists recruited by the ICAR was registered as society on 12 August 1980 at Shillong and on 22 November 1995, it was formally recognized by the ICAR. The recruits through the ARS Examination are designated as ′ARS′ or'Scientist'; the post of entry level Scientist is same with Jr.. Class I cadre of Central government; the initial pay is fixed after granting advance increments for higher qualification, with PhDs getting highest salary. They are kept on'tenure track' or'probation' for 2 years and upon satisfactory completion of this period they are given'tenure'and confirmed in the ARS. On completing service for designated years and meeting a set performance criteria, they are progressively promoted to the next higher grades in a Flexible Complementation system known as Career Advancement Scheme; the incumbents without a PhD degree are given paid study leave to acquire PhD qualification, necessary for career progression. Through CAS, Scientists can rise up to Principal Scientist grade, equivalent to the scale of Joint Secretary to the Government of India.
The ARS encourages fresh infusion of talent at all senior levels through lateral entry in which incumbent scientists can participate in the open competition and move their career ahead in much shorter time than CAS. All the Research Management Positions are filled through open competition only; the Director General of ICAR is the highest-ranked member of the ARS, ex officio Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture
Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
The Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research is an autonomous institute of higher learning, under the umbrella of Indian Council of Agricultural Research by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for advanced research in sugar cane agriculture. The Institute is located on Dilkusha in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India; the Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research owes its origin to the recommendations of the erstwhile The Indian Central Sugarcane Committee for advanced research on all aspects of sugarcane cultivation except breeding and coordination of sugarcane researches across the country. The foundation stone of the institute was laid on 16 February 1952 under the administrative control of the Indian Central Sugarcane Committee, it was brought directly under the Government of India on 1 January 1954 and on it was entrusted to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research on 1 April 1969 along with other agriculture based research institutions. The Institute is an ISO 9001 accredited agency and has three regional stations for nationwide coverage of its activities.
IISR Regional Centre, Muzaffarpur, Bihar: The Centre was the research station of the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore when it was established in 1988 but was brought under IISR on 25 April 2004. The Centre focuses its attention on the development of sugarcane varieties, evaluation of waterlogging tolerance, red rot resistance and mechanization of sugarcane cultivation; the Centre has developed several varieties of sugarcane for distribution and is involved in breeder seed development of improved varieties. Sugarbeet Research and Development at the Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow: This Institute is specialized for sugarbeet, which has wide tolerance levels and is cultivable for extended seasons. IISR has developed various agrotechniques for tropical and subtropical cultivation of sugarbeet, developed mechanized methods of sowing, crop raising and harvesting and standardised seed production technology; the centre maintains training facilities on maintenance of germplasm, seed production, root crop production, plant protection and region-specific mechanization.
IISR has a Biological Control Centre, at Pravaranagar in Maharashtra. The Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research hosted a Botany and Breeding Unit for Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore during the sixties and, in 1969, the unit was transferred to IISR. In 1989, the unit was renamed the Division of Crop Improvement; the Division focusses its attention on advanced research on sugar crops such as sugarcane and sugarbeet and has been successful in developing many improved varieties such as CoLk 8001, CoLk 8102, CoLk 94184 and CoLk 9709, which are known to have high cane yield, sugar content, red rot and top borer resistance and better water logging tolerance. It produces breeder seed and is a DUS testing centre of sugarcane. Mandate: The Division has a set mandate to develop superior sugarcane varieties and breeding and genetic stocks, prescription of biotechnological techniques and documentation and evaluation sugarcane germplasm. Facilities: The Division is equipped with a Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Lab, a Cytogenetics Lab, a DUS Testing Facility, a Glass house and a Poly house.
Division of Crop Production, an original division since the inception of IISR 1952, is involved in developing modern technology for sugarcane production in the sub tropical regions. Efforts are on to marry agronomy, soil science and microbiology for improving sugarcane processing including gur and jaggery production. Major achievements of the Division include ring-pit method of sugarcane planting, skip-furrow method of irrigation, nutrient and weed management package in sugarcane production, it looks after the disciplines of Agronomy, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Microbiology and Extension and Training. The Institute had four sections, Sugarcane Mycology, Sugarcane Entomology and Agricultural Engineering, when it started in 1952. Four years two more sections, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry and Plant Physiology, were added. One more section and Breeding came into existence in 1969. In 2001, two exiting divisions Plant Pathology and Entomology were merged to form the Division of Crop Protection.
The Basic objective of the Division is to conduct advanced research on diseases and pest management of sugarcane and other sugar crops. The Division concentrates on areas such as Plant Pathology with special emphasis on Colletotrichum falcatum, techniques for inducing resistance for sugarcane, use of bio-agents against crop diseases such as yellow leaf virus disease, pragmatic use of chemicals in disease management, variable analysis of pathogens such as Smut, GSD, sugarcane borers and white grub and introducing parasitoids in sugarcane agro-ecosystem to combat pests; the Division of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry was named Physiology Section started in 1958, but was elevated to the status of a Division with the new name. The Division attends to the studies on tillering, moisture stress, artificial ripening of crops, seed technology, enhancement of sucrose content, bioethanol production and management of post harvest losses; the Division of Agricultural Engineering evolved out of a small workshop, started in 1952 at the inception of the Institute, for machining and fabrication of tools and equipment and has now grown to be a centre for strategic research on mechanization, water management and post harvest technology of sugarcane and sugar crops.
It coordinates with the State Agricultural Universities and other research Centres and provides training and advisory services to farmers and other users at national and international leve
Bar Council of India
The Bar Council of India is a statutory body established under the section 4 of advocates Act 1961 that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. Its members as such represents the Indian bar, it prescribes standards of professional conduct and exercises disciplinary jurisdiction over the bar. It sets standards for legal education and grants recognition to Universities whose degree in law will serve as a qualification for students to enroll themselves as advocates upon graduation. In March 1953, the'All India Bar Committee', headed by S. R. Das, submitted a report which proposed the creation of a bar council for each state and an all-India bar council as an apex body, it was suggested that the all India bar council would regulate the legal profession and set the standard of legal education. The Law Commission of India was assigned the job of assembling a report on judicial administration reforms. In 1961, the Advocates Act was introduced to implement the recommendations made by the'All India Bar Committee' and'Law Commission'.
M. C. Setalvad and C. K. Daphtary were the first vice chairman respectively. In 1963, C. K. Daphtary became the S. K. Ghose became the Vice Chairman. Section 7 of the Advocates Act, 1961 lays down the Bar Council’s regulatory and representative mandate; the functions of the Bar Council are to: Lay down standards of professional conduct and etiquette for advocates. Lay down procedure to be followed by disciplinary committees Safeguard the rights and interests of advocates Promote and support law reform Deal with and dispose of any matter which may be referred by a State Bar Council Promote legal education and lay down standards of legal education. Determine universities whose degree in law shall be a qualification for enrollment as an advocate. Conduct seminars on legal topics by eminent jurists and publish journals and papers of legal interest. Organise and provide legal aid to the poor. Recognise foreign qualifications in law obtained outside India for admission as an advocate. Manage and invest funds of the Bar Council.
Provide for the election of its members who shall run the Bar Councils. Organise and provide legal aid to the scheduled caste; as per the Advocates Act, the Bar Council of India consists of members elected from each state bar council, the Attorney General of India and the Solicitor General of India who are ex officio members. The members from the state bar councils are elected for a period of five years; the council elects its own Chairman and Vice-Chairman for a period of two years from amongst its members. Assisted by the various committees of the Council, the chairman acts as the chief executive and director of the Council. Manan Kumar Mishra is the present Chairman, he was preceded by Biri Singh Sinsinewar, in turn preceded by the current Chairman, Manan Kumar Mishra. Eligible persons having a recognised law degree are admitted as advocates on the rolls of the state bar Councils; the Advocates Act, 1961 empowers state bar councils to frame their own rules regarding enrollment of advocates. The Council’s enrollment committee may scrutinise a candidate’s application.
Those admitted as advocates by any state bar council are eligible to take the All India Bar Examination, conducted by the Bar Council of India. Passing the All India Bar Examination awards the state-enrolled advocate with a'Certificate of Enrolment' which enables the state-enrolled advocate to practice law as an advocate in any High Court and lower court within the territory of India; however to practise Law before the Supreme Court of India, Advocates must first appear for and qualify in the Supreme Court Advocate on Record Examination conducted by the Supreme Court. The Bar Council of India has various committees; the members of these committees are elected from amongst the members of the Council. Executive Committee: This committee deals with the issues related to management of funds, affairs of the staff, allotment of work, management of council's affairs, audit and legal publications delegation of work. Legal Education Committee: This committee make recommendations to the BCI on matters related to legal education and sets standards of legal education and inspects universities, recommend the pre requisites for foreign advocates practicing law in India, recommend recognition or discontinuance of a law degree from a university etc.
Disciplinary Committee: This committee reviews applications by persons against summary dismissal of their complaints against advocates for professional misconduct, by the state bar councils and appeals against orders of the disciplinary committees of the state bar councils. Advocate Welfare Association: This committee looks into applications made by advocates for welfare funds, it provides funds. The Advocates Welfare committee is certified by the Advocates Welfare Fund Act, 2001. Legal Aid Committee: The Legal Aid Committee provides aids to those requiring legal assistance. Building Committee: The Building Committee is responsible for setting up offices for the Council. Rules Committee: The Rules Committee reviews the rules and regulations of the Council. Other than these, there are Finance Committee, Special or Oversee Committee and All India Bar Examination Committee; the Bar Council of India has established a Directorate of Legal Education for the purpose of organising, conducting and administering the following: Continuing Legal Education Teachers training Advanced specialised professional courses Education program for Indian students seeking registration after obtaining Law Degree from a Foreign University Research on professional Legal Education and Standardisation Seminar and worksh
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua