Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee University of Roorkee and Thomason College of Civil Engineering, is a public technical and research university located in Roorkee, India. Established in 1847 in British India by the lieutenant governor, Sir James Thomason, it is the second oldest technical institution in Asia, it was given university status in 1949 and was converted into an Indian Institute of Technology in 2001, thus becoming the seventh IIT to be declared. IIT Roorkee has 22 academic departments covering Engineering, Applied Sciences, Humanities & Social Sciences and Management programs with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological education and research. IIT Roorkee has a strong entrepreneurial culture, with many alumni who have moved on to found technological and social ventures in India and abroad, have played an important role in the development of India. Ten alumni have won the Padma awards and twenty-five alumni have won the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology.
The institute has produced seven chairmen of the Indian Railway Board, chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, more than a hundred secretary-level officers in the Government of India, two presidents of the Confederation of Indian Industry, Governors of states of India, chairmen of University Grants Commission, six directors of the Indian Institutes of Technology and Vice-Chancellors of prominent Indian Universities, presidents of Engineering and Scientific organizations like the Indian Institution of Engineers, the Indian National Science Academy and the Indian National Academy of Engineering. The institution has its origins in a class started in 1845 to train local youth in engineering to assist in public works beginning. In 1847 it was established, it was renamed as the Thomason College of Civil Engineering in 1854 in honour of its founder, James Thomason, lieutenant governor 1843–53. The first Indian to graduate from the Roorkee college was Rai Bahadur Kanhaiya Lal in 1852.
The Department of Civil Engineering was established in 1847 and is the oldest engineering department in India. The Electrical Engineering department of the Thomson College was established in the year 1897, was one of the earliest such specializations in the world; the architecture department is the first in India in instituting a master's degree course in Architecture in the year 1969–70. In 1978, the Institute of Paper Technology, Saharanpur was merged with the University of Roorkee; the Institute of Paper Technology was established as School of Paper Technology by the Government of India in 1964, with an aid from the Royal Swedish Government. The school was renamed as the Institute of Paper Technology in July 1968 and subsequently Department of Paper Technology in July 1992; the first edition of Thomso, the institute's annual cultural festival was held in 1982. On 21 September 2001, an ordinance issued by the Government of India declared it as the nation's seventh Indian Institute of Technology, renaming it to the current name, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee.
The ordinance was converted into an act by the Parliament to make IIT Roorkee an "Institution of National Importance". All IITs follow the same organization structure which has President of India as visitor at the top of the hierarchy. Directly under the president is the IIT Council. Under the IIT Council is the board of governors of each IIT. Under the board of governors is the director, the chief academic and executive officer of the IIT. Under the director, in the organizational structure, comes the deputy director. Under the director and the deputy director, come the deans, heads of departments, registrar. IIT Roorkee offers academic programmes in Engineering, Applied Sciences, Management, it runs eleven undergraduate, one integrated dual degree, sixty one postgraduate and several doctoral programmes. The institute admits students to B. Tech. B. Arch. and integrated M. Sc. Integrated M. Tech courses through the Joint Entrance Examination conducted at centers all over India. Before being converted into an IIT, the university selected students through the Roorkee Entrance Exam conducted on an All-India level.
The selectivity of REE was close to 0.25%. After IIT-JEE, it was considered to be the second toughest engineering entrance examination in India. Admission to PG programmes in engineering and architecture is on the basis of GATE score and/or a written test and interview. For PG programmes in fundamental sciences admission is based on the Joint Admission Test. Along with the engineering courses, the institute offers a two-year residential MBA program for which the admissions, starting from 2011, will be done on the basis of Common Admission Test, thus replacing Joint Management Entrance Test conducted by the IITs; the institute offered an interdisciplinary program in computer applications leading to a degree in Master of computer applications. The MCA program was a three-year course and admission for the course was through JAM; this programme has been discontinued. According to statistics published by institute in 2007–08 4137 students were enrolled in the institute across all programs; the student-to-academic-staff ratio was 2.6:1 and that of UG/PG students was 1.4:1.
Internationally, IIT Roorkee was ranked 383 in the QS World University Rankings of 2020. The same rankings ranked it 47 among BRICS nations, it was ranked 501-600 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2020, 35 in Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2019. In India, it ranked sixth among engineering colleges by the National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2018 and eighth overall, it ranked 5th among
Michael Bass better known as his stage name Michael Millions is an American rapper and songwriter from Richmond, Virginia. He is the co-founder of Purple Republic Music Group and has collaborated with fellow Richmond natives Nickelus F and Skillz. Michael started recording raps at the age of 14. By 18, he'd signed a record deal with local independent label DonLand Entertainment. After recording hundreds of tracks in his time on the imprint, the company folded before he could put out a proper release. In 2010, he dropped his debut project, the EP Ashes and Samples, produced by his brother Brandon "NameBrand" Bass. In 2011, Michael and Brandon pooled their funds together and started the independent label Purple Republic Music Group; the same year Michael put out his debut solo album The Color Purple. He would go on to put out two more projects in 2011, including the mixtape Loose Change and the EP Michael. In 2014, he released the independent album Ghost of $20 Bills which features guest appearances from Nickelus F and Radio B.
The LP garnered publicity from websites like 2DopeBoyz and The Stashed. Dessy Digital of The Source wrote about the project, "For over a year Millions has been putting in work, canvasing the local scene with his brash and introspective brand of music and giving the world a taste of what to expect with records like “Timb Boots”. With the necessary groundwork done, Millions presents what is sure to stand as a seminal piece of his musical discography as he looks to rise to national prominence."The same year, he was featured in XXL's The Break section for up and coming artists. Michael appeared on the 2014 Skillz song "Forever" off the "Rap Up" rapper's seventh solo album Made in Virginia with Bink. In an April 2016 interview with The Source, Skillz noted Millions was a rising Virginia artist to look out for. In 2015, Michael put out the EP Beautiful along with a 17-minute short-film. Oktane of the rap website HipHopSince1987 praised the project saying, "When creativity and quality come into question, Michael Millions has always been able to deliver by bringing something special to the table."
Former 300 Entertainment staffers Uncle Arnold and Prophet Elijah named the Beautiful track "Fried Apples" the "Best Morning Song" of the year in The Fader's "Best of 2015" list. In June 2016, Millions released the inspirational ode "Ali" just days after the passing of legendary boxer and activist Muhammad Ali; the song will serve as a single off his upcoming solo album, slated to drop in fall or winter of 2016. The Color Purple Ghost of $20 Bills Ashes and Samples Michael Beautiful "Hard to be King" Loose Change Beautiful Direct by G of the Life Company Official Website Michael Millions on SoundCloud Michael Millions on Facebook Michael Millions on Twitter
The Hall-Harding-McCampbell House is a historic mansion in Nashville, Tennessee, U. S.. The land, located near Stones River, was claimed by William Moore in 1784. In 1799, he sold it to Charles Merryman Hall, his brother, William Hall, purchased 249 acres of the land from Charles in 1800. The house was built circa 1805 for William Hall, it was designed in the Federal architectural style. Hall, his wife, his son and his daughter lived here with his forty slaves until 1820, it was purchased by Thomas Harding, who acquired up to 1,000 acres by 1847. James Anderson purchased the plantation in 1847, he sold 200 acres and the house to Thomas McCampbell in 1852. McCampbell lived here with his wife, Anna Gowdey Campbell, their five children, their son John Campbell inherited the house in 1875, the house stayed in the family until the 1940s. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since March 23, 2010
Brooklyn Tobacco Factory known as the Hightower & Barksdale Tobacco Factory, is a historic tobacco factory located at Brooklyn, Halifax County, Virginia. It was built about 1855, is a two-story, brick building with a gable roof, it features brick chimney flues projecting above the metal sheathed roof. On the property are two contributing pack houses and the ruins of a log house; the factory was designed and built by Dabney Cosby, Jr. son of the Jeffersonian workman, Dabney Cosby, Sr. The factory remained in operation until 1881, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. The firm of Hightower & Barksdale began manufacturing plug chewing tobacco in 1855; the workforce was composed of slaves either belonging to the factory owners or hired from local planters. Hightower & Barksdale closed its operations in 1860 to be reopened in the early 1880's by Beverly Barksdale III and William Haymes. In 1994 Virginia "Ginger" Gentry acquired the long-abandoned factory and with her husband Mack set about saving the factory from further deterioration.
They have preserved the graffiti and stenciling as a record of the factory's fascinating history. The factory is listed in the Virginia Landmarks Register and in the National Register of Historic Places. Brooklyn Tobacco Factory, 16040 River Road, Halifax County, VA at the Historic American Buildings Survey
Titus Antonius Merenda was a Roman politician, decemvir from 450 - 449 BC. He was part of the gens Antonia, it is possible that he was a plebeian, since the nomen Antonius is found among the plebeians more than the patricians in this era. He was the father of Quintus Antonius Merenda, military tribune in 422 BC. Titus Antonius Merenda was one of the ten members of the Second Decemvirate, presided over by Appius Claudius Crassus and elected to draft the Law of the Twelve Tables, the first body of Roman law written; the Second Decemvirate seemed to be constituted by patricians and by plebeians, like Merenda. At the instigation of Crassus, the decemvirs maintained their power illegally for another year, refusing to proceed in the election of consuls. In 449 BC, the Sabines occupied the Aequi invaded and set up camp under Mount Algidus; the Roman troops were divided into two armies in order to fight on two fronts. Mereda received command of the army that fought the Aequi, with three other decemvirs: Lucius Minucius, Marcus Cornelius and Lucius Sergius.
At the time and Spurius Oppius Cornicen stayed in Rome to assist in the defense of the city, while the four other decemvirs fought the Sabines. The two Roman armies were held in check on each front; the army commanded by Merenda withdrew to Tusculum before he was moved in reply to Lucius Verginius whose daughter had been made a slave by Crassus during a scandalous trial. In light of this, Lucius Verginius had been forced to kill his own daughter, his story provoked a mutiny among the soldiery who chose ten military tribunes. Under their command, they returned to Rome and occupied the foot of the Aventine before joining with the other army by Monte Sacro. Under pressure by the soldiers and the plebeians, the decemvirs conceded. Crassus and Spurius Oppius Cornicen remained in Rome, were imprisoned, but committed suicide during the process; the eight other decemvirs, including Merenda, were sent into exile. Livy, Ab urbe condita Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities Broughton, T. Robert S.
The American Philological Association, "The Magistrates of the Roman Republic", Philological Monographs, number XV, volume I, New York, vol. I, 509 B. C. - 100 B. C. Cels-Saint-Hilaire, Janine, La République des tribus: Du droit de vote et de ses enjeux aux débuts de la République romaine (195-300 av. J.-C. Presses universitaires du Mirail, ISBN 2-85816-262-X
Cresheim Creek is a creek in southeastern Pennsylvania. Rising at Wyndmoor in Springfield Township, it runs about 2.7 miles southwest, passing through part of Northwest Philadelphia and forming the boundary between Mount Airy and Chestnut Hill, before emptying into the Wissahickon Creek at Devil's Pool not far south of the Valley Green Inn. The Cresheim Valley below Germantown Avenue is part of Fairmount Park; the former railbed within it is an easement for PECO powerlines, which take advantage of the former railbed's grading and open space. In October 2013, the City of Philadelphia extended Fairmount Park ownership of the creek valley to the Philadelphia-Montgomery border at Stenton Avenue as part of the Wissahickon East Project, with ongoing and future efforts such as streambed cleanup and invasive species removal to restore the 6 acres of newly acquired land. Cresheim Valley Drive runs beside the creek from Stenton Avenue until southwest of the Chestnut Hill West Line tracks, where the road bends away to become Emlen Street.
The stone pergola that stands at the southwest corner of the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Cresheim Valley Drive contains plaques honoring both the early German settlers of the Cresheim Valley and Samuel Newman Baxter, chief arborist of Fairmount Park from 1915 to 1945. A dirt parking area off Cresheim Valley Drive, southwest from the Chestnut Hill West railroad bridge, marks the trailhead for a set of walking paths that follow the creek for some distance downstream to its outlet; the area around Cresheim Creek was inhabited by the Lenape. Seventeenth-century settlers of the German Township named the creek after the village from which they had emigrated; the aforementioned pergola plaque gives the settlers' spelling of the name as Krisheim. The settlers arrived in the 1680s. In 1700, they built Cresheim Cottage, the earliest permanent building in the vicinity, still standing at the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Gowen Avenue. From 1893 to 1978, a 6.5 mi branch of the Connecting Railway, variously called either the Cresheim Branch or the Fort Washington Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, diverged from the Chestnut Hill Branch just north of Allen Lane station and ran next to the creek's bank from there to the creek's headwaters near East Lane station in Wyndmoor.
The railbed curved through Hillcrest and Laverock in Cheltenham Township to meet and follow the right-of-way, now occupied by the Fort Washington Expressway portion of Route 309 to Fort Hill, at a station named White Marsh, near Fort Washington, where it connected with the Trenton Cutoff. The branch was electrified by the Pennsylvania from 1924 to 1952, more as an operational convenience for the railroad than for the line's negligible commuter traffic which the PRR never bothered to develop; the section of the branch below Queen Street in Wyndmoor remained in service for freight customers until 1978 when it was abandoned and the tracks removed. Outdoor enthusiasts of Northwest Philadelphia and various Montgomery County communities have encouraged their local legislators to effect the conversion of the Cresheim Branch's railbed into a rail trail. List of rivers of Pennsylvania Wissahickon East Project