Evansville is a city and the county seat of Vanderburgh County, United States. The population was 117,429 at the 2010 census, making it the state's third-most populous city after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne, the largest city in Southern Indiana, the 232nd-most populous city in the United States, it is the commercial and cultural hub of Southwestern Indiana and the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky tri-state area, home to over 911,000 people. The 38th parallel crosses the north side of the city and is marked on Interstate 69. Situated on an oxbow in the Ohio River, the city is referred to as the "Crescent Valley" or "River City"; as a testament to the Ohio's grandeur, early French explorers named it La Belle Rivière. The area has been inhabited by various indigenous cultures for millennia, dating back at least 10,000 years. Angel Mounds was a permanent settlement of the Mississippian culture from 1000 AD to around 1400 AD; the European-American city was founded in 1812. Four NYSE companies are headquartered in Evansville, along with the global operations center for NYSE company Mead Johnson.
Three other companies traded on the NASDAQ are headquartered in Evansville. The city is home to public and private enterprise in many areas, as Evansville serves as the region's economic hub. A tourist destination, Evansville is home to the state's first casino; the city has several educational institutions. The University of Evansville is a small private school on the city's east side, while the University of Southern Indiana is a larger public institution just outside the city's westside limits; the Indiana University School of Medicine maintains a campus in Evansville. Other local educational institutions include the nationally ranked Signature School and the Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library. In 2008, Evansville was voted the best city in the country in which "to live and play" by the readers of Kiplinger, in 2009 as the 11th best. See main article: History of Evansville, Indiana. There was a continuous human presence in the area that became Evansville from at least 8,000 BC by Paleo-Indians.
Archaeologists have identified several archaic and ancient sites in and near Evansville, with the most complex at Angel Mounds. This was built and occupied from about 900 A. D. to about 1600 A. D. just before the arrival of Europeans to North America. Following the abandonment of Angel Mounds between the years 1400 and 1450, tribes of the historic Miami, Piankeshaw, Wyandot and other Native American peoples were known to be in the area. French hunters and trappers were among the first Europeans to come to the area, using Vincennes as a base of operations for fur trading; the land encompassing Evansville was formally relinquished by the Delaware in 1805 to General William Henry Harrison governor of the Indiana Territory. On March 27, 1812, Hugh McGary Jr. purchased about 441 acres and named it "McGary's Landing". In 1814, to attract more people, McGary renamed his village "Evansville" in honor of Colonel Robert Morgan Evans. Evansville incorporated in 1817 and was designated as the county seat on January 7, 1818.
The county was named for Henry Vanderburgh, a deceased chief judge of the Indiana Territorial Supreme Court. Evansville became a thriving commercial town with a river trade, the town began to expand outside of its original footprint. Evansville's west side was for many years cut off from the city's main part by Pigeon Creek and the factories that developed along it, making the creek an industrial corridor; the land comprising the former town of Lamasco was platted in 1837 and was annexed in 1870. Evansville's economy received a boost in the early 1830s when Indiana unveiled plans to build the longest canal in the world, a 400-mile ditch to connect the Great Lakes at Toledo, Ohio with the inland rivers at Evansville; the project was intended to open Indiana to commerce and improve transportation from New Orleans to New York City. The project was so poorly engineered that it would not hold water. By the time the Wabash and Erie Canal was finished in 1853, Evansville's first railroad, Evansville & Crawfordsville Railroad, was opened to Terre Haute.
The expansion of railroads in this territory had made the canal obsolete. Only two flat barges made the entire trip; the canal basin at Fifth and Court street in downtown Evansville became the site of a new courthouse in 1891. The era of Evansville's greatest growth occurred in the second half of the 19th century, following the disruptions of the Civil War; the city was a major stop for steamboats along the Ohio River, it was the home port for a number of companies engaged in trade via the river. Coal mining and hardwood lumber was a major source of economic activity. By 1900 Evansville was one of the world's largest hardwood furniture centers, with 41 factories employing 2,000 workers. Railroads became more important and in 1887 the L&N Railroad constructed a bridge across the Ohio River. Along with a major rail yard southwest of Evansville in Howell, annexed in 1916 and completed the city's counterclockwise march around the horseshoe bend. Throughout this period Evansville's main ethnic groups consisted of Protestant Scotch-Irish from the South, Catholic Irish coming for canal or railroad work, New England businessmen, Germans fleeing Europe after the 1848 revolutions, freedmen from Western Kentucky.
By the U. S. census of 1890 Evansville ranked as the 56th-largest urban area in the United States, but it was surpassed in population by other cities
The Indiana Statehouse is the state capitol building of the U. S. state of Indiana. Housing the Indiana General Assembly, the office of the Governor of Indiana, the Supreme Court of Indiana, other state officials, it is located in the state capital Indianapolis at 200 West Washington Street. Built in 1888, it is the fifth building to house the state government; the first statehouse, located in Corydon, Indiana, is still standing and is maintained as a state historic site. The second building was the old Marion County courthouse, demolished and replaced in the early 20th century; the third building was a structure modeled on the Parthenon, but was condemned in 1877 because of structural defects and razed so the current statehouse could be built on its location. When Indiana became a state in 1816, the capital was located in Corydon; the first capitol building was a humble, two-story limestone building constructed in 1813 to house the legislature of the Indiana Territory. The building was constructed by a company owned by Dennis Pennington, a member of the early territorial legislature.
Construction cost $1,500, paid for by the citizens of Harrison County, was completed in three years. It measured forty-feet square with ten-foot ceilings; the building was made of limestone cut from a nearby quarry and, at the time of its completion, was one of the largest buildings in the state. The capitol contained three rooms and became too small for the state government, which had to erect additional office buildings across the street for the state's administration; the lower floor of the statehouse was used by the Indiana House of Representatives. The upper floor was split into two rooms, one for the Indiana State Senate and another for the Indiana Supreme Court, with a narrow hall between them; the building was abandoned as the capitol in 1824 and was given to Harrison County to use as a courthouse. The old capitol building is now a state historic site; when the state government relocated to Indianapolis in December 1824, the government was housed in the Marion County Courthouse. The courthouse had been constructed with state funds in 1822 after Indianapolis was chosen as the site for the new capitol.
The courthouse served as the state capitol building for twelve years. At the time Indianapolis was a frontier site, nearly 60 miles from the nearest settlement of significance, making large scale construction impractical; the relocation to Indianapolis was an arduous task. At the time it was an eleven-day journey by horseback from Corydon to the new capital. To complicate matters, no road existed and a path for the wagons had to be cut through the dense forests during the winter transit as the long caravan moved north; the caravan was large because it contained the state treasury, state library, state records, the furniture of the General Assembly, Supreme Court, ExecutIve Offices, along with a whole host of other implements to aid the caravan on its long journey. Colonel Samuel Merrill, the state treasurer, was authorized by the General Assembly to oversee the move, it took more than a month to relocate the government to Indianapolis. The first session of the General Assembly convened there in January 1825.
In 1831, the Indiana General Assembly approved construction of a new statehouse. The building was to be funded by the sale of lots of land in Indianapolis. A commission was established and Commissioner James Blake offered a $150 prize to the architect who could design the best statehouse; the firm of Ithiel Town and Alexander Jackson Davis created the winning design. Their plans were for a structure, inspired by the ancient Greek Parthenon; the building looked much like the Parthenon except for a large central dome. Town and Davis was awarded the contract to construct the building, completed it ahead of schedule in 1835; the statehouse was built of blue limestone, two stories high. The governor and the Supreme Court occupied the lower floor, the legislature occupied the upper floor, with each house in its own wing; the building was the site of many great events in its history, including a bier for Abraham Lincoln. The building was popular after its construction but by the 1860s Greek Revival architecture had fallen out of style, the building was beginning to become decrepit.
The building's limestone foundation began to fail, many feared a general structural collapse of the building. In 1867 the ceiling in the chambers of the Indiana House of Representative collapsed. A debate was held in 1873 about how to preserve the building but no solution was found. By the time that Governor James Williams was elected to office, the building was about to be condemned, it was demolished in 1877. When the third statehouse was condemned in 1876 the government abandoned the building; the General Assembly relocated to a large office building, built in 1865 and was housing the Supreme Court. The Governor and the executive staff relocated to another office building; the office building was used as the statehouse during the interim period that the new statehouse was being built. In 1887, before the new statehouse had been completed, enough of the lower floors were usable for the government to move out of the cramped office space and begin holding sessions in the new structure. With Indiana's rapid increase of population during the middle of the 19th century, the state's government increased in size, causing the previous capitol building to become crowded.
In 1865, a state office building had to be constructed to house some of the burgeoning government, the Supreme Court and several bureaus were relocated into the new building. When the statehouse was condemned in 1877, the state was without a real capitol building, the administration of Governor James D. Williams
Seal of Indiana
The Seal of the State of Indiana is used by the Governor of Indiana to certify official documents. The seal has gone through several revisions, it is the original seal, similar to the current one, was created by William Henry Harrison during his administration of the Indiana Territory. The current design of the seal was standardized by the Indiana General Assembly in 1963; the state seal is maintained by the Governor of Indiana. It is used to certify the authenticity of official state documents; the seal is placed on departmental reports, bills the Governor signs into law, official communications from the Governor to other high-ranking office holders. The seal is used on all commissions granted by the state as proof of the commission's authority; the United States Congress passed legislation on May 8, 1792, that directed the U. S. Secretary of State to "provide proper seals for the several and respective public offices in the said Territories". Indiana was part of the Northwest Territory at that time and a seal was created by the United States Department of State to be used on official papers of the territory.
The original seal was maintained by Governor Arthur St. Clair and the first recorded use was in a proclamation made on July 26, 1788. On May 10, 1800, the Indiana Territory was created by an act of Congress, but no provision for an official seal was included in the measure; the earliest recorded use of Indiana Territory's seal was on court documents that were signed by Governor William Henry Harrison in January 1801. The seal he used was an adaptation of the original seal created for the Northwest Territory. Although its origin is uncertain, it is that it was Harrison who made the alterations; the constitution of 1816 contained a clause that stated the governor should maintain a state seal and use it in official communication. The design of the seal was first proposed during the first session of the Indiana General Assembly in 1816. On November 22, 1816, representative Davis Floyd of Harrison County proposed the adoption of a seal with a design he referred to as "A forest and a woodman felling a tree, a buffalo leaving the forest and fleeing through the plain to a distant forest, sun in the west with the word Indiana."
The bill was put through a joint conference of both houses of the General Assembly and funds where voted to purchase a printer to create the seal. In 1819, the state seal was part of a state crisis. Lieutenant Governor Christopher Harrison became acting-governor when Governor Jonathan Jennings was away conducting negotiations with northern Indiana's native tribes; when Jennings returned, Harrison refused to step down as governor, claiming that Jennings' actions had invalidated his governorship. Harrison set up his own governor's office. After several weeks of debate in the state legislature, Harrison was forced to return the seal to Jennings and vacate the office of the governor. During 1895, Robert S. Hatcher, the reading clerk of the Indiana Senate, was directed to ascertain the legal status of the design of the state seal. After a thorough review, Hatcher found that the laws that authorized the seal did not explicitly state what its design should be, he recommended. Senator McCord submitted legislation for that purpose.
On January 28, 1905, an article ran in the Indianapolis News containing information on the origin of the seal, some of it dubious. The article received much attention and started an informal inquiry into the history of the seal, namely to discover if the sun in the seal was rising or setting. Jacob Piatt Dunn, the preeminent Indiana historian of the time, consulted several history and arrived at the conclusion that the sun was rising. Dunn cited the fact the state was young, the mountains were to the east of the state, not the west—clearly indicating the sun was rising; the current design of the seal was standardized by the Indiana General Assembly in 1963. During the meeting of the General Assembly, Representative Taylor I. Morris introduced legislation to standardize the design of the state seal, his bill described a seal that depicts a woodsman chopping a sycamore tree, while an American Bison runs in the foreground and the sun rises in the background. The leaves of the state tree, the tulip, were to be the border design.
The bill became law. In 2004, the 1963 statute came under criticism because it states the sun in the state seal is setting rather than rising. A thorough investigation by the Indiana Historical Bureau into the history of the seal led to the discovery that original seal was created with the intention that the sun should, in fact, be depicted as rising. In both 2004 and 2005 legislation was introduced to change the wording of the statute, but as of 2008 no action had been taken to correct the error; the law created to standardize the state seal has been in effect since 1963. The stature states: Indiana State Code: IC 1-2-4-1 The official seal for the state of Indiana shall be described as follows: A perfect circle and five eighths inches in diameter, inclosed by a plain line. Another circle within the first and three eighths inches in diameter inclosed by a beaded line, leaving a margin of one quarter of an inch. In the top half of this margin are the words "Seal of the State of Indiana". At the bottom center, 1816, flanked on either side by a diamond, with two dots and a leaf of the tulip tree, at both ends of the diamond.
The inner circle has two trees in the left background, three hills in the center background with nearly a full sun setting behind and between the first and second hill from the left. There are fourteen rays fr
Indiana General Assembly
The Indiana General Assembly is the state legislature, or legislative branch, of the state of Indiana. It is a bicameral legislature that consists of a lower house, the Indiana House of Representatives, an upper house, the Indiana Senate; the General Assembly meets annually at the Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis. Members of the General Assembly are elected from districts. Representatives serve terms of senators serve terms of four years. Both houses can create bills, but bills must pass both houses before it can be submitted to the governor and enacted into law; the Republican Party holds supermajorities in both chambers of the General Assembly. Republicans outnumber Democrats in the Senate by a 40–10 margin, in the House of Representatives by a 67–33 margin; the Indiana General Assembly is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Indiana has a part-time legislature; the General Assembly convenes on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January. During odd-numbered years the legislature meets for 61 days and must be adjourned by April 30.
During even-numbered years the legislature meets for 30 days and must be adjourned by March 15. The General Assembly may not adjourn for more than three days without a resolution approving adjournment being passed in both houses; the governor has the authority to call on the General Assembly to convene a special session if legislators are unable to complete necessary work within the time allotted by the regular sessions. Special sessions of the General Assembly were called in the state's early history, but have become more commonplace in modern times; the General Assembly delegates are elected from districts. Every ten years the districts are realigned by the General Assembly using information from the U. S. Census Bureau to ensure that each district is equal in population; the districting is maintained to comply with the United States Supreme Court ruling in Reynolds v. Sims; the Indiana Senate and House of Representatives each have several committees that are charged with overseeing certain areas of the state.
Committees vary from three to eleven members. The committees are chaired by senior members of the majority party. Senators and representatives can be members of multiple committees. Most legislation begins within the committees who have responsibility for the area that the bill will affect. Once approved by a committee, a bill can be entered into the agenda for debate and vote in the full chamber. Although not common, bills can be voted on by the full house without going through the committee process. Indiana legislators make a base annual salary of $22,616, plus $155 for each day in session or at a committee hearing and $62 in expense pay every other day. Article 4, Section 7, of the Indiana Constitution states the qualifications to become a Senator or Representative; the candidate must have been a U. S. citizen for a minimum of two years prior to his candidacy and must have been resident of the district that he seeks to represent for one year. Senators must be at least twenty-five years of age and representatives must be twenty-one when sworn into office.
The candidate cannot hold any other public office in the state or federal government during their term. The candidate must be a registered voter within the district they seek to represent. Candidates are required to file papers stating their economic interests. Article 4, Section 3, of the state constitution places several limitations on the size and composition of the General Assembly; the Senate can contain no more than fifty members, the senators serve for a term of four years. The House of Representatives can contain no more than one hundred members, the representatives serve terms of two years. There is no limit to how many terms a state representative may serve. There are several checks and balances built into the state constitution that limit the power of the General Assembly. Other clauses allow the General Assembly to balance and limit the authority of the other branches of the government. Among these checks and balances is the governor's authority to veto any bill passed by the General Assembly.
The General Assembly may, in turn, override his veto by simple majority vote in both houses. Bills passed by a supermajority automatically become law without requiring the signature of the governor. Once the bill is made law, it can be challenged in the state courts which may rule the law to be unconstitutional repealing the law; the General Assembly could override the court's decision by amending the state constitution to include the law. The General Assembly has been the most powerful branch of the state government, dominating a weak governor's office. Although the governor's office has gained more power since the 1970s, the General Assembly still retains the power to remove much of that authority; the authority and powers of the Indiana General Assembly are established in the state constitution. The General Assembly has sole legislative power within the state government; each house can initiate legislation, with the exception that the Senate is not permitted to initiate legislation that will affect revenue.
Bills are debated and passed separately in each house, but must be passed by both houses before they can submit to the governor. Each law passed by the General Assembly must be applied uniformly to the entire state; the General Assembly is empowered to regulate the state's judiciary system by setting the size of the courts and the bounds of their districts. The body has the authority to monitor the activities of t
Fishers is a city in Fall Creek and Delaware townships, Hamilton County, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 76,794, by 2017 the estimated population was 91,832. A suburb of Indianapolis, Fishers has grown in recent decades: about 350 people lived there in 1963, 2,000 in 1980, only 7,500 as as 1990. After the passage of a referendum on Fishers' status in 2012, Fishers transitioned from a town to a city on January 1, 2015; the first mayor of Fishers—Scott Fadness—along with the city's first clerk and city council were sworn in on December 21, 2014. In 1802 William Conner settled. Conner built a trading post along the White River; the land that Conner settled is now known as Conner Prairie and is preserved as a living history museum. Settlers started moving to the area after Indiana became a state in 1816 and the Delaware Indians gave up their claims in Indiana and Ohio to the United States government in 1818 in the Treaty of St. Mary's. At the treaty William Conner served as an interpreter for his father-in-law.
At the time William Conner was married to Mekinges Conner and daughter of Chief William Anderson. In 1823, Hamilton County was chartered by the Indiana General Assembly and Delaware Township was established and surveyed. After the state of Indiana moved its capital to Indianapolis from Corydon in 1825, the community started to grow. After the move, John Finch established a horse-powered grinding mill, a blacksmith shop, the area's first school; the next year the area's first water mill was constructed. During 1826 the West-Harris House nicknamed Ambassador House, was built near the White River at present-day 96th Street and Allisonville Road in Fishers; the home was moved to its present-day site at 106th Street and Eller Road in 1996. Addison C. Harris, a prominent Indianapolis lawyer and former member of the Indiana Senate, acquired the property in 1880 and had the home remodeled and enlarged around 1895. Harris and wife, India Crago Harris, used the home as a summer residence, its nickname of Ambassador House relates to Addison Harris's diplomatic service as U.
S. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Austris-Hungary during President William McKinley's administration; the restored Ambassador House is located on the grounds of Heritage Park at White River in Fishers and is operated as a local history museum and a site for community events and private rentals. In 1849, construction began on the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad, extending from Indianapolis to Chicago; the railroad brought several people to the area known as "Fisher's Switch". In 1872, Fisher's Switch known as "Fishers Station", was platted by Salathial Fisher at the present-day intersection of 116th Street and the railroad. Indiana's General Assembly incorporated Fisher's Station in 1891; the William Conner House and West-Harris House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1908 the post office changed the name of Fishers Switch to "Fishers" by dropping "Switch."After William Conner's death in 1855, his family farm became a place of interest. The Hamilton County Historical Society placed a marker on the site of the William Conner farm in 1927.
Eli Lilly head of Eli Lilly and Company, purchased William Conner's farm in 1934 and began restoring it. In 1964, Lilly asked Earlham College to oversee the Conner farm, now known as Conner Prairie. In 1943, the Indianapolis Water Company constructed Geist Reservoir in order to prevent a deficit in Indianapolis's water supply, they believed that Fall Creek and the White River would not keep up with the demand for water in Indianapolis. In the 1970s, the company wanted to triple the size of the lake, but the plan was rejected in 1978 and homes began to spring up around the reservoir; the Fishers population grew to 344 by the 1960 census when rail shipment declined. Per township referendums in 1961, the town provided planning services for Delaware and Fall Creek Townships and approved residential zoning for most of the undeveloped area in the two townships; the relocation of State Road 37 to the east side of town and the connection with Interstate 69 ensured the future growth of Fishers as a commercial and residential center.
The town of Fishers would soon become a fast-growing suburb of Indianapolis. Fall Creek Township became the site of a consolidation of area schools when Hamilton Southeastern High School was formed in the 1960s. In 1989 the town's population reached the first Freedom Festival was held; the festival has been held every year since then. The Thomas A. Weaver Municipal Complex opened as Fishers' civic and government center in 1992; the complex is home to the Fishers City Hall, the police and fire department headquarters buildings, the Fishers Post Office, the Hamilton County Convention and Visitor's Bureau, the Fishers Chamber of Commerce. A library and an office of the Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles were added; this is still the center of government in Fishers. The 2000 census reported the population of Fishers at 38,000. With the town’s affordable homes, growing economy, proximity to Indianapolis and Interstate 69, the growth in Fishers was tremendous. In 2003 the town of Fishers requested a special census from the U.
S. Census Bureau to measure the rapid population growth since 2000; this census would put the town's population at a 38 percent increase from the 2000 census. Since much of the government's resources have been devoted to building parks, maintaining roads, managing the rapid growth of the town. In 2005, after a controversy over alleged mismanagement, Conner Prairie formally split from Earlham College, becoming an independent corporation. In January 20
Anderson is a city in and the county seat of Madison County, United States. It is the principal city of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses Madison County. Anderson is the headquarters of the Church of God and home of Anderson University, affiliated with Christian denomination. Highlights of the city include the Gruenewald Historic House; the population was 56,129 at the 2010 census. This is down from 70,000 in 1970. Prior to the organization of Madison County, William Conner entered the land upon which Anderson is located. Conner sold the ground to John and Sarah Berry, who donated 32 acres of their land to Madison County on the condition that the county seat be moved from Pendleton to Anderson. John Berry laid out the first plat of Anderson on November 7, 1827. In 1828 the seat of justice was moved from Pendleton to Anderson; the city is named for Chief William "Adam" Anderson, whose mother was a Delaware Indian and whose father was of Swedish descent. Chief Anderson's Indian name was Kikthawenund meaning "creaking boughs".
The Delaware village was known as Anderson's Town, though the Moravian Missionaries called it "The Heathen Town Four Miles Away." Anderson was known as Andersonton before being formally organized as Anderson. Introduction of internal improvements by the Mammoth Internal Improvement Act caused a growth in the population in 1837. In December, 1838, Anderson was incorporated as a town with 350 inhabitants; the Central Canal, a branch of the Wabash and Erie Canal, was planned to come through Anderson. Work continued on the canal during 1838 and the beginning of 1839, but work on the canal was soon suspended by the state following the Panic of 1837; the town again became a sleepy village until 1849. Many new commercial ventures located around the Courthouse Square; this incorporation was short-lived and Anderson once again went back to village status in 1852. However, with the completion of the Indianapolis Bellefontaine Railroad, as well as their station in 1852, Anderson burst to life; the third incorporation of Anderson as a town occurred on June 9, 1853.
The population continued to increase. On August 28, 1865, with a population was nearly 1,300 people, Anderson was incorporated as a city. Between 1853 and the late 19th century, twenty industries of various sizes located there. On March 31, 1887, natural gas was discovered in Anderson; as the Indiana Gas Boom began, this discovery led new businesses that could use natural gas, such as glass-making, to move to the city. Anderson grew to such proportions that a Cincinnati newspaper editor labeled the city "The Pittsburgh on White River." Other appellations were "Queen City of the Gas Belt" and "Puncture Proof City." In 1897 the Interurban Railroad was born in Anderson. Charles Henry, a large stock holder, coined the term "Interurban" in 1893, it continued to operate until 1941. The year 1912 spelled disaster for Anderson: the natural gas ran out, due to the residents squandering their resources; the city left its gas powered lights on day and night, there are stories of a pocket of natural gas being lit in the river and burning for a prolonged period for the spectacle of it.
The result of the loss of natural gas was. The whole city slowed down; the Commercial Club was the forerunner of the present chamber of commerce. This club persuaded the Remy brothers to stay in others to locate there. For decades, Delco Remy and Guide Lamp, during World War II built the M3, M3a1 submachine gun and the liberator pistol for the allies, were the top two employers in the city. From 1913 through the 1950s, the Ward-Stilson Company was one of the country's largest producers of uniforms, regalia and props for the Freemasons, the Odd Fellows and dozens of other U. S. fraternal organizations. The Church of God of Anderson located its world headquarters in Anderson in 1905. Anderson Bible School was opened in 1917, this was separated from Gospel Trumpet in 1925. At the same time, it became known as Seminary. In 1925, the name was changed to Anderson College and to Anderson University in 1988. Over the years, 17 different types of automobiles were manufactured in Anderson with the Lambert family among the city's leaders in its development and Buckeye Gasoline Buggy the Lambert product.
Many other inventions were perfected in Anderson including: the gas regulator, the stamp vending machine, clothes presser, "Irish Mail" handcars, flower car for funeral homes, Sisson choke, the vulcanizing process to retread tires. Like most other industrial cities in Indiana and the Rust Belt as a whole, Anderson suffered tremendously from deindustrialization in the 1970s and 1980s. For example, nearly 22,000 people were employed by General Motors in the 1970s. Anderson has since struggled with higher rates of unemployment. Anderson is located at 40°06′00″N 85°40′53″W; the city of Anderson is located in parts of six townships: Anderson, Richland, Lafayette and Fall Creek. According to the 2010 census, Anderson has a total area of 41.479 square miles, of which 41.37 square miles is land and 0.109 square miles is water. As of the 2010 census, there were people and families residing in the city; the population density was 1,356.8 inhabitants per s
East Central Indiana
East Central Indiana is a region in Indiana east of Indianapolis and borders the Ohio state line. The Indiana Gas Boom, which took place during the 1890s, changed much of the area from small agricultural communities to larger cities with economies that included manufacturing. Companies such as Ball Corporation and Overhead Door once had their headquarters in the region. Glass manufacturing was the first industry to be widespread in the area, because of the natural gas; as the glass industry faded, many of the skilled workers became employed at auto parts factories in cities such as Muncie and Anderson. With the decline of the American automobile industry, East Central Indiana became part of the Rust Belt. Many communities have been forced to reinvent themselves with a focus on services or a return to agriculture. Blackford Delaware Hancock Henry Jay Madison Randolph Wayne Anderson Greenfield Hartford City Muncie New Castle Portland Richmond Winchester Dunkirk Montpelier Roll Shamrock Lakes Albany Daleville Eaton Gaston Selma Yorktown Fortville Maxwell McCordsville New Palestine Shirley Spring Lake Wilkinson Ashland Blountsville Cadiz Corwin Dunreith Greensboro Hillsboro Kennard Knightstown Knox Lewisville Middletown Millville Mooreland Mount Summit Shirley Spiceland Springport Stone Quarry Mills Straughn Sulphur Springs Van Nuys Bryant Pennville Redkey Salamonia Dunkirk Alexandria Chesterfield Country Club Heights Edgewood Elwood Frankton Ingalls Lapel Markleville Orestes Pendleton River Forest Summitville Woodlawn Heights Farmland Losantville Lynn Modoc Parker City Ridgeville Saratoga Union City Winchester Abington Boston Cambridge City Centerville Dublin East Germantown Economy Fountain City Greens Fork Hagerstown Middleboro Milton Mount Auburn Spring Grove Whitewater The Star Press, Indiana Palladium-Item, Indiana The Winchester News Gazette, Indiana The New Castle Courier Times, New Castle, Indiana The Herald Bulletin, Indiana The Commercial Review, Indiana WIPB-TV - PBS station in Muncie, Indiana WKOI-TV - TBN station in Richmond, Indiana WBKQ 96.7 - Country WGNR 97.9 - Contemporary Christian, Inspirational WQME 98.7 - Christian Contemporary WIKL 101.7 - Christian Contemporary/K-Love WHBU 1240 Talk "News Talk 1240 WHBU" WGNR 1470 Religious WKMV 88.3 FM - Adult contemporary Christian "K-Love" WWHI 91.3 FM - Public Radio "WCRD" WBST 92.1 FM NPR Talk, Jazz "Indiana Public Radio" WMXQ 93.5 FM Classic Rock "93.5 MAXimum Classic Rock" W231CC 93.9 FM "R-FM: The True Oldies Channel" WJPB-LP 99.1 FM - Southern Gospel W268BJ 101.5 FM Adult contemporary Christian "WJCF" W275AJ 102.9FM Simulcast of 1340AM WXFN "Fox Sports Radio" WLBC 104.1 FM Hot AC "Today's Best Music" WERK 104.9 FM Classic Hits "104.9 WERK The New Sound" W291AH 106.1 FM Contemporary Christian WRFM 990 AM-Oldies "R-FM: The True Oldies Channel" WXFN 1340 AM-FOX Sports "102.9FM and 1340AM Fox Sports Radio" WKPW 90.7 FM Classic hits "Classic Hits 90.7" WBSH 91.1 FM NPR, Jazz Indiana Public Radio W231CC 94.1 FM Oldies "R-FM: The True Oldies Channel" WMDH-FM 102.5 FM "Hit Country 102.5" Country Music WHHC-LP 100.1 FM "Radio 74" Religious WLTI 1550 AM Classic Country WKRT 89.3 MHz - Adult contemporary Christian "K-Love" WECI 91.5 MHz - Public Radio W233AN 94.5 MHz - Contemporary Christian "Joy FM" W237AT 95.3 MHz - Adult Contemporary Christian, Inspirational "The Path" WQLK 96.1 MHz - Country "Kicks 96" W249BG 97.7 MHz - Contemporary Christian "Joy FM" WFMG 101.3 MHz - Hot A/C "G 101-3" W269BP 101.7 MHz - Christian rock "Air 1" WHON 930 kHz - News/Talk "News Talk 930" WKBV 1490 kHz - ESPN Sports "ESPN 1490" WZZY 98.3 FM Adult Contemporary "Star 98.3" Anderson University Ball State University Earlham College Indiana University East Ivy Tech Community College of Anderson and Richmond Blackford High School - Hartford City Cowan High School - Cowan Daleville High School - Daleville Muncie Burris High School - Muncie Wapahani High School - Selma Wes-Del High School - Gaston Yorktown High School - Yorktown Muncie Central High School - Muncie Muncie South Side High School - Muncie Delta High School - Eaton Blue River Valley High School-Mr.
Summit Shannondoah High School-Middletown Tri High-Lewisville New Castle Crystler High School- New Castle Knightstown High School-Knightstown Jay County High School - Portland Alexandria-Monroe High School-Alexandria Anderson High School-Anderson Anderson Preparatory Academy - Anderson Liberty Christian -Anderson Pendleton Heights High School-Pendleton Lapel High School-Lapel Frankton High School-Frankton Elwood Community High School-Elwood Union High School -Modoc Randolph Southern High School-Lynn Winchester Community High School-Winchester Union City High School-Union City Monroe Central High School-Parker City Hagerstown High School-Hagerstown High School Lincoln High School-Cambridge City Centerville High School-Centerville Richmond High School-Richmond Northeastern High School-Fountain City Notes References Cited works