Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as first-class, the other being Lexington, the state's second-largest city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County, located in the northern region of the state, on the border with Indiana. Louisville, named for King Louis XVI of France, was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark, making it one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site, it was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile system across 13 states. Today, the city is known as the home of legendary boxer Muhammad Ali, the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken, the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies, being Humana, Kindred Healthcare and Yum!
Brands. Its main airport is the site of United Parcel Service's worldwide air hub. Since 2003, Louisville's borders have been the same as those of Jefferson County, after a city-county merger; the official name of this consolidated city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, abbreviated to Louisville Metro. Despite the merger and renaming, the term "Jefferson County" continues to be used in some contexts in reference to Louisville Metro including the incorporated cities outside the "balance" which make up Louisville proper; the city's total consolidated population as of the 2017 census estimate was 771,158. However, the balance total of 621,349 excludes other incorporated places and semiautonomous towns within the county and is the population listed in most sources and national rankings; the Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area, sometimes referred to as Kentuckiana, includes Louisville-Jefferson County and 12 surrounding counties, seven in Kentucky and five in Southern Indiana.
As of 2017, the MSA had a population of 1,293,953. The history of Louisville spans hundreds of years, has been influenced by the area's geography and location; the rapids at the Falls of the Ohio created a barrier to river travel, as a result, settlements grew up at this stopping point. The first European settlement in the vicinity of modern-day Louisville was on Corn Island in 1778 by Col. George Rogers Clark, credited as the founder of Louisville. Several landmarks in the community are named after him. Two years in 1780, the Virginia General Assembly approved the town charter of Louisville; the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents lived in forts to protect themselves from Indian raids, but moved out by the late 1780s. In 1803, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark organized their expedition across America in the town of Clarksville, Indiana at the present-day Falls of the Ohio opposite Louisville, Kentucky.
The city's early growth was influenced by the fact that river boats had to be unloaded and moved downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population had grown to 7,000 and Louisville became an incorporated city. Early Louisville was slaves worked in a variety of associated trades; the city was a point of escape for slaves to the north, as Indiana was a free state. During this point in the 1850s, the city was growing and vibrant, but that came with negativity, it was the center of planning, supplies and transportation for numerous campaigns in the Western Theater. By the year 1855, ethnic tension was arising. Nobody knew. On August 6, 1855 "Bloody Monday" happened. By 1861, the civil war broke out. During the Civil War, Louisville was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky in the Union. By the end of the war, Louisville had not been attacked, although skirmishes and battles, including the battles of Perryville and Corydon, took place nearby. After Reconstruction, returning Confederate veterans took political control of the city, leading to the jibe that Louisville joined the Confederacy after the war was over.
The first Kentucky Derby was held on May 1875, at the Louisville Jockey Club track. The Derby was shepherded by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr. the grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, grandnephew of the city's founder George Rogers Clark. Horse racing had a strong tradition in Kentucky, whose Inner Bluegrass Region had been a center of breeding high-quality livestock throughout the 19th century. Ten thousand spectators watched the first Derby. On March 27, 1890, the city was devastated and its downtown nearly destroyed when an F4 tornado tore through as part of the middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak. An estimated 74 to 120 people were killed and 200 were injured; the damage cost the city $2.5 million. In 1914, the City of Louisville passed a racially-based zoning residential zoning code, following Baltimore, a handful of cities in the Carolinas; the NAACP challenged the ordinance in two cases. Two weeks after the ordinance enacted, an African-American named Arthur Harris moved into a house on a block designated for whites.
He was found guilty. The second case was planned to create a test case. William Warley, the president of the local chapter
Daviess County, Kentucky
Daviess County, is a county in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,656, its county seat is Owensboro. The county was formed from part of Ohio County on January 14, 1815. Daviess County is included in KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. Daviess County shares its namesake with another nearby Daviess County of Indiana. Both Counties are in the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky Tri-State Area. Daviess County was established in 1815; the county is named for Major Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, the United States Attorney who unsuccessfully prosecuted Aaron Burr. The county's borders were altered in 1829 to form Hancock County, in 1830 to absorb a small area surrounding Whitesville, in 1854 to cede land to McLean County, in 1860 to annex 44 square miles from Henderson County; the courthouse was burned in January 1865 during the American Civil War, but because the county records had been transferred to a church they were spared destruction. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 477 square miles, of which 458 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water.
The northern half of the county along the Ohio River is flat, with a few rolling hills dotting the landscape. The southern portion is rolling hills mixed with flat valleys; the southern portion was mined for coal in the past in the rolling hills along Panther Creek and other streams. Warrick County, Indiana Spencer County, Indiana Hancock County Ohio County McLean County Henderson County As of the census of 2012, there were 97,847 people, 36,033 households, 24,826 families residing in the county; the population density was 198 per square mile. There were 38,432 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.69% White, 4.35% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 36,033 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.10% were non-families.
27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,813, the median income for a family was $45,404. Males had a median income of $35,295 versus $21,971 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,739. About 9.40% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over. Daviess County has long had a reputation as the leading center of the production of distilled spirits, chiefly Kentucky bourbon.
Walter McFarland, who moved here from North Carolina, began making whiskey and peach brandy in about 1804 on a 200-acre estate just south of Panther Creek, on today's U. S. 431. Cornelius Westerfield began distilling corn whiskey in the early 1800s on his farm three miles southwest of Whitesville, Kentucky, on Deserter Creek, it closed in 1872, after more than 60 years of production. By the 1880s, 18 large distilleries operated in Daviess County at the same time. Today only three remain. One dates back to 1869, the former Glenmore Distillery Company, the R. Monarch Distillery. Charles Medley Distillers Kentucky is at least the 59th distillery in the county's history. Trinidad-based Angostura Limited bought the Medley Distillery in 2007 with plans to make its entrance into the world's bourbon market, but the severe global recession slowed plans for starting bourbon production in Daviess County for the first time since 1992; the following is list of distilleries operating in 1883 Owensboro Distilling Company, founded 1880 Sour-Mash Distilling Company, founded 1868 Hill and Company, founded 1880 Rock Spring Distillery, founded 1881 Hill and Perkins Distillery, founded 1866 R. Monarch Distillery, founded 1869, acquired and renamed in 1901 Glenmore Distillery Company E.
P. Millet and Company, founded 1880 John Thixton Distillery Company John Hanning Distillery Company, founded 1869 Eagle Distillery Company, founded 1869 Daviess county Distilling Company, founded April 16, 1874 M. P. Mattingly's Distyillery, founded 1855 Daviess County Club Distillery, founded 1880 J. W. M. Field Distillery, founded February 3, 1873 J. T. Welch Distilling Company, founded March 1, 1881 Boulware and Wilhoute's Distillery, founded 1880 C. L. Appelgate and Company distillery, founded 1879 at Yelvington, Kentucky The southwestern portion of the county around the Panther Creek area was mined through the 1960s till the early 1990s. After 1998 large tracts of mined land were left unclaimed. After a lengthy search for contractors by the state government's Division of Abandoned Mine Lands, work commenced on the largest tract, a 42-acre tract once part of the now defunct Green Coal Company; the 42 acres of unclaimed land were part of Green Coal Company's mine once known as the "Panther Surface Mine".
Boonville is a city in Boon Township, Warrick County, United States. The population was 6,246 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Warrick County. Boonville was named for Jesse Boon, father of Ratliff Boon. A post office has been in operation at Boonville since 1820. Boonville was incorporated in 1858. President Abraham Lincoln studied law in Boonville; when Abraham Lincoln and his family moved from Kentucky to present-day Spencer County in 1816, their homestead was considered to be within Boonville's Warrick County boundaries. The future president walked to Boonville to borrow books and watch local attorney John Brackenridge argue cases, thus earning Boonville the distinction of being "where Lincoln learned the law." The Boonville post office contains a casein tempera-on-canvas mural titled Boonville Beginnings, painted in 1941 by Ida Abelman. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.
The Boonville Public Square Historic District and Old Warrick County Jail are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Boonville is located at 38°2′46″N 87°16′21″W. According to the 2010 census, Boonville has a total area of 3.013 square miles, of which 3 square miles is land and 0.013 square miles is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Boonville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 census, there were 6,246 people, 2,549 households, 1,647 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,082.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,867 housing units at an average density of 955.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 2,549 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.4% were non-families.
31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female. As of the 2000 census, there were 6,834 people, 2,688 households, 1,854 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,318.9 people per square mile. There were 2,910 housing units at an average density of 987.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 0.64% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population. There were 2,688 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families.
27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,913, the median income for a family was $42,096. Males had a median income of $32,264 versus $22,227 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,869. About 6.5% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. The government consists of a city council; the mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of five members. Four are elected from individual districts.
One is elected at-large. The Boonville Airport is located two nautical miles west of the central business district. Boonville has the Warrick Area Transit System, a public bus line which connects with the nearby Metropolitan Evansville Transit System; the town has the Boonville-Warrick County Public Library. Louis A. Arnold – HVAC worker and Socialist Party of America Wisconsin State Senator Benoni S. Fuller – schoolteacher and Democratic state legislator and Congressman Monte M. Katterjohn – screenwriter for 68 films between 1912 and 1931 Menz Lindsey – lawyer, a quarterback in the early National Football League for the Evansville Crimson Giants W. Otto Miessner – composer and music educator Ken Penner – baseball pitcher who played Major League Baseball for two seasons between decades of a minor league career that lasted through 1943 Dustin Ransom – musician, vocalist, music transcriber, film composer Rachel Rockwell – theatre director, choreographer and actor Robert G. Roeder - Professor Rockefeller University.
Pioneer in Molecular Biology Jeremy Spencer – musician, songwrite
Poseyville is a town in Robb Township, Posey County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 1,045 at the 2010 census. Poseyville was called Palestine, under the latter name was laid out in 1840. A post office has been in operation under the name Poseyville since 1843; the present name is derived from Posey County. The Bozeman-Waters National Bank was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. Poseyville is located at 38°10′9″N 87°47′1″W. According to the 2010 census, Poseyville has a total area of all land; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Poseyville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; the town and northern half of Posey County is served by the MSD of North Posey County which operates four schools: North Posey High School North Posey Junior High School North Elementary School South Terrace Elementary School The town has a lending library, the Poseyville Carnegie Public Library.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,045 people, 454 households, 296 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,607.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 494 housing units at an average density of 760.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.9% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population. There were 454 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the town was 44.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,187 people, 458 households, 315 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,788.2 people per square mile. There were 490 housing units at an average density of 738.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.07% White, 0.08% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.51% from two or more races. There were 458 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.16. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $37,604, the median income for a family was $48,417. Males had a median income of $34,444 versus $22,292 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,815. About 2.8% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Interstate 64 Indiana State Road 68 Indiana State Road 165
Indiana State Road 64
State Road 64 in the U. S. State of Indiana is an east–west highway that crosses most of the southern portion of the state, covering a distance of about 107 miles; the route parallels Interstate 64, which causes confusion, as the widest distance between them is 20 miles at the Wabash River, both routes exist in Crawford, Floyd and Harrison Counties. It is referred to as Indiana 64 to distinguish it from the Interstate. State Road 64 begins at a bridge across the Wabash River at Mount Carmel, connecting it with Illinois Route 15, it ends at Interstate 64 near Edwardsville. For the bulk of its length, it runs parallel to Interstate 64 and 30 miles north of it. Most of the route is two-lane undivided highway, with undivided multi-lane segments in the city of Princeton around the junction of U. S. Route 41, through the city of Huntingburg as well as near English. Traffic conditions on the stretch between Princeton and Mount Carmel are notorious for being congested with large amounts of coal trucks between local mines and Gibson Generating Station, located near the route's western terminus and Illinois resident employees of both the plant and Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana and suppliers in Princeton using the same two lane road in their commute combined with decreases in local grocery stores resulting in more senior citizens on the main roads result in severe traffic congestion during two distinct periods in the day.
Due to the coal truck traffic from Gibson County Coal's new mine near Owensville, the Indiana 64-65 CR 650 Intersection, located halfway between Princeton and Mount Carmel, received a long awaited upgrade from flashing lights to a full traffic light intersection in December 2014, allowing a more orderly traffic flow and reducing the amount of fatal crashes at the junction. 2 people were killed at this intersection in 2017. In addition, others have been killed in 2016 and 2017; the Gibson County Sheriff department and Indiana State Police patrol this stretch of deadly highway. A new coal loading facility is being built adjacent to this stretch of highway which has increased the number of accidents prior to the opening of the facility. Despite INDOT continuing to insist there is no need, many commuters in both Indiana and Illinois have been pushing for widening it to 4 lanes, in part or in whole from Princeton to Mount Carmel; until late 2010, at the western end of the highway were two narrow bridges that handled at least 900-1,200 vehicles a day, doubling to ~2,000 a day vehicles during Mount Carmel's Ag Days, Lone Ranger Festival, other holidays.
Excavation began on a parallel replacement bridge in April 2008, the new bridge was opened in December 2010
Interstate 64 in Indiana
Interstate 64 in the U. S. state of Indiana is a major east -- west highway providing access between Kentucky. It passes through Indiana as part of its connection between the two metropolitan areas of St Louis and Louisville, Kentucky. I-64 has a route through the state which travels through rural areas, but the final portion of the route is encompassed by the Louisville metropolitan area; the highway enters Indiana after crossing the Wabash River from Illinois. It passes through Posey and Vanderburgh counties, where it connects with U. S. Highway 41, I-69 which travels south to Evansville and north to Bloomington. Continuing eastward, I-64 passes through Warrick County before straddling the Spencer–Dubois county line, the boundary between the Central and the Eastern time zones, it continues into and through Perry County, before crossing into Crawford County where from that point on it remains in the Eastern Time Zone. This portion of the route travels through Hoosier National Forest. Beyond the forest, the interstate travels through Harrison and Floyd counties before crossing the Sherman Minton Bridge over the Ohio River into Louisville, Kentucky.
I-64 was built across the eastern U. S. between St. Louis and the Hampton Roads area of Virginia in the 1960s and 70s. In Indiana, the highway was routed along US 50, but political influences from Evansville rerouted the highway along US 460. Like all Interstate highways in Indiana, I-64 was constructed in segments which, when all were complete, made up the route in use today. There were eight segments in all, with the first to be opened being the short segment from the Kentucky state line on the Sherman Minton Bridge to Spring Street in New Albany, which became operational on December 22, 1961. By the end of 1968, two more segments consisting of 12.94 miles had opened, one near each end of the route in the state. By the end of 1972, two more segments were completed in southwestern Indiana, I-64 was open from SR 57 north of Evansville west to the Illinois state line; the three final segments of I-64 in the long stretch between SR 57 and SR 64 in Floyd County were completed in the decade, with the final stretch opening near Ferdinand in 1979.
The Sherman Minton Bridge across the Ohio River was closed in 2011 after two major cracks were found. However, the bridge reopened the following February after extensive repairs; the Ohio River Bridges Project in the Louisville/Falls City metro area, while affecting I-65 and I-265, has sparked opposition, most notably 8664.org, which calls for I-64 to be rerouted out of downtown Louisville onto the new, extended route for I-265. They suggest the portion of I-64 between the current I-64/I-265 interchange in New Albany and its Kentucky counterpart be resigned as I-364. Indiana portal U. S. Roads portal Indiana Highway Ends: Interstate 64
Spencer County, Indiana
Spencer County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,952; the county seat is Rockport. Spencer County was formed in 1818 from parts of Perry County, it was named for Captain Spier Spencer, killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He was the namesake for Spencer, the county seat of Owen County. Abraham Lincoln lived in Spencer County between the ages of seven and twenty-one; the area his family settled in was in Perry County. His family moved to Illinois in 1830; the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial is located at the site of the Lincoln family farm. In addition, the graves of his mother Nancy Lincoln and sister Sarah Lincoln Grigsby are located in Spencer County. On December 16, 1900, two African-American men, Bud Rowlands and Jim Henderson, were lynched by the county courthouse in Rockport after being arrested as suspects in the brutal robbery and killing of a white barber at 2 am the night before. A mob estimated at 1,500 broke open the jail and took them out, hanging them from a tree by the courthouse, shooting their bodies numerous times.
John Rolla was accused by Rowlands as a suspect and lynched. This was the second-highest number of lynchings in the state, though it pales in comparison to lynchings in Southern states; the current Spencer County courthouse was built in 1921. It is the fifth courthouse to serve the county. County attractions include the town of Santa Claus, Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, Santa's Candy Castle Saint Meinrad Archabbey is located at the northeastern corner of Spencer County. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 401.43 square miles, of which 396.74 square miles is land and 4.68 square miles is water. ZIP Codes are in parentheses. Chrisney Dale Gentryville Grandview Richland Rockport Santa Claus St. Meinrad Dubois County, Indiana Daviess County, Kentucky Perry County, Indiana Hancock County, Kentucky Warrick County, Indiana Interstate 64 U. S. Route 231 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 66 Indiana State Road 68 Indiana State Road 70 Indiana State Road 161 Indiana State Road 162 Indiana State Road 245 Indiana State Road 545 Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial In recent years, average temperatures in Rockport have ranged from a low of 24 °F in January to a high of 91 °F in July, although a record low of −23 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in June 1944.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.01 inches in October to 4.78 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association; the judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Spencer County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Larry Bucshon; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,952 people, 8,082 households, 5,907 families residing in the county. The population density was 52.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,872 housing units at an average density of 22.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 47.0% were German, 16.4% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 11.1% were American. Of the 8,082 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families, 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 41.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $61,365. Males had a median income of $44,526 versus $30,466 for females; the per capita income for the county wa