Corydon is a town in Harrison Township, Harrison County, Indiana. Located north of the Ohio River in the extreme southern part of the U. S. state of Indiana, it is the seat of government for Harrison County. Corydon was founded in 1808 and served as the capital of the Indiana Territory from 1813 to 1816, it was the site of Indiana's first constitutional convention, held June 10–29, 1816. Forty-three drafted its first state constitution. Under Article XI, Section 11, of the Indiana 1816 constitution, Corydon was designated as the capital of the state until 1825, when the seat of state government was moved to Indianapolis. During the American Civil War, Corydon was the site of the Battle of Corydon, the only official pitched battle waged in Indiana during the war. More the town's numerous historic sites have helped it become a tourist destination. A portion of its downtown area is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as the Corydon Historic District; as of the 2010 census, Corydon had a population of 3,122.
During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark captured the surrounding area of what became the town of Corydon from the British, bringing it under the control of the fledgling United States government. The first American settlers entered Harrison County in 1792 and included the families of Harvey Heth and Squire Boone, who settled south of Corydon, Dennis Pennington and the Harbisons, who settled east of Corydon; the region was in the midst of the Northwest Indian War during that period and the families were forced by Native Americans to leave the region and return to Kentucky. The families returned to the area in 1800 following the creation of the Indiana territory; the territorial government completed the land survey of what would become Corydon in 1807, the first official land purchases occurred in April of that year. In 1803, Edward Smith and his family became the first Americans to settle in what would become Corydon. Following the completion of the 1807 land survey, he purchased the tract of land he had been living on.
He purchased land at the edge of a fertile valley near a large spring, the site of the present-day Harrison County fairgrounds. William Henry Harrison, the first governor of the Indiana Territory and a future president of the United States stopped to rest at the Smith's home while travelling to and from Vincennes, the territorial capital. In 1804 Harrison purchased a tract of land where Big Indian Creek and Little Indian Creek join to become Indian Creek and decided to build a town on the site. Harrison built a two story home in the town, but sold it in 1809; the town gets its name from "The Pastoral Elegy," a hymn that celebrates the death of a shepherd named Corydon. Tradition says that Harrison asked Edward Smith's daughter, Jenny, to name the town and she chose the name from Harrison's favorite hymn, "The Pastoral Elegy."Harrison sold the town site to Harvey Heth in 1807. Corydon's official founding date of 1808 commemorates the year when Heth, a U. S. government surveyor and landowner, platted the town.
Heth donated the town square for public use and sold individual lots to settlers and the territorial government. When Harrison County was established in 1808, Corydon became its county seat of government; the town consisted of 185 lots. In 1809 Corydon was connected by road to Doup's Ferry, 15 miles to the south at Mauck's Port, providing access to the Ohio River for trade; the first county courthouse was built at the northwest corner of the town at the summit of High Street. Corydon grew into one of the most important early settlements in Indiana, in large part due to the political successes of its early inhabitants and as one of the main stops on the only land route to the territorial capital of Vincennes. During the War of 1812, Corydon sent a mounted militia company nicknamed the Yellow Jackets to support the territorial army; the company fought in the Battle of Tippecanoe, where it suffered more casualties than any other unit. Corydon became the second capital of the Indiana Territory on May 1, 1813, when it was relocated from Vincennes in Knox County.
Opponents of William Henry Harrison, the former territorial governor, wanted to move the capital away from his political stronghold in Knox County. Supporters of the move felt that relocation of the territorial capital to the east would provide a more centralized location for its citizens after its western portion was reorganized to form the Illinois Territory in 1809. Corydon competed with Charlestown, Lawrenceburg and Jeffersonville to become the new territorial capital. Dennis Pennington, a Harrison County representative and the speaker of the territorial legislature's lower house, helped secure the town's selection during the 1813 session of the Indiana Territory's general assembly. Pennington pointed out; the Harrison County court had approved a design for a new county courthouse on Corydon's public square in 1811 and it could be used as an assembly building for the territorial legislature. Pennington supervised construction of the limestone courthouse, nearly completed when Indiana's first state legislature convened at Corydon in 1816.
Prior to 1816, the territorial legislature met in the original county courthouse on High Street. On April 19, 1816, President James Madison signed an Enabling Act that provided for the election of delegates to a convention at Corydon to consider statehood for Indiana. Forty-three delegates, including five men from Harrison County, convened June 10–29, 1816, to draft Indiana's first state constitution; the preamble of the constitution acknowledges the site of th
Greenville is an incorporated town in Floyd County, Indiana. The population was estimated by the Census Bureau to be 807 in 2016 at the 2010 census. Greenville is located in the greater Louisville metropolitan area. Greenville was platted in 1816 by Andrew Mundell and Benjamin Haines some three years before Floyd County was established. During the first three years of Greenville's development, the village was a part of Clark County. Early in Floyd County's history, Greenville was to be the county seat. A New Albany resident offered to provide a bell for the courthouse, on the condition that the courthouse were built in New Albany. Captain John Baptiste Ford found his way to Greenville as a 14-year-old runaway from Danville, Kentucky. Ford began as an apprentice with his future father-in-law in the local saddle shop which led him into his first business venture. Ford purchased the Old Mill and saddle shop from its owner, added a grocery and began making tin pie safes which he sold throughout the country.
Ford moved to New Albany and established several businesses, became the first man to succeed in making plate glass in the United States. That success was the precursor to several glass companies, most notably the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company now known as PPG. Ford became the father of American plate glass; that original building that housed the mill, saddle shop and grocery still stands today. Referred to as the Old Mill and Ford's Flour Mill, the Greenville Station is believed to be the oldest commercial building in Greenville. Construction on the original wooden structure began in 1810 and finished in 1812. In 1840, Ford helped to erect the present brick structure. Besides housing Ford's grocery and the saddle shop, the Old Mill was the Greenville Post Office from 1823 until the early 1940s when it was relocated to H. Miller's house at the corner of East First Street and Hwy 150; the Station was a stop for the 104-mile stagecoach route that ran from Falls Cities to the Wabash River. The building served as a stop along the Pony Express route from 1861 to 1867.
The Greenville Station served as lodge hall for two civil organizations: the fraternal order of the Free and Accepted Masons and the International Order of Oddfellows. Through a majority of the early 20th century, the Greenville Station was referred to by the townspeople as the "lodge building" or the "lodge." Joseph Smith The prominent Mormon and founder of the Church of Latter Day Saints stayed in Greenville for one month in 1832. Smith stayed at Porter's Public House and operated by Daniel Porter, wrote in his journal about his painful poisoning which took place, his stay is well documented in The Joseph Smith Papers. On March 26, 1908 a fire destroyed most of the town's original buildings. Today, the Station stands just two doors from one of the city's oldest home, which still boasts some of John B. Ford's original plate glass works; the Simpson Memorial United Methodist Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. John Baptiste Ford Lived in Greenville from 1825 - 1854 and pursued several business ventures while living in Greenville.
After leaving Greenville, Ford went on to became an influential industrialist establishing Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company and Michigan Alkali Company. Norman Jay Colman In 1850, Colman became the first principal in Greenville when the Floyd County Seminary opened in town at the same location as the present day school, he went on to a successful political career including becoming the 1st Secretary of Agriculture appointed by President Grover Cleveland in 1889. Roscoe Miller was a pitcher in MLB who played four seasons in 1901 - 1904 with the Detroit Tigers, New York Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, his rookie season was his best finishing 23-13 with 35 complete games, still an American League rookie record. Simpson Memorial United Methodist Church It was designed by church plan catalog architect Benjamin D. Price and built by Capt. John Nafius in 1899, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. Jersey Park Farm is a historic home and farm located just on the outskirts of Greenville.
The farmhouse was built about 1875, consists of a two-story, Federal style rectangular section with a two-story round section and one-story round section. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984; the Station is the oldest commercial building in town. Greenville is located at 38°22′22″N 85°59′19″W. According to the 2010 census, Greenville has a total area of all land; the township is situated such that, clockwise, it borders the township of Jackson Township, Washington County to the northwest, Wood Township, Clark County to the northeast, Laffayette Township in Floyd County to the east, Georgetown Township to the south, Jackson Township, Harrison County to the southwest, Morgan Township, Harrison County to the west. Big and Little Indian Creeks meander through the township, which are tributaries in the Ohio River watershed; as of the census of 2010, there were 595 people, 219 households, 162 families residing in the town. The population density was 762.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 241 housing units at an average density of 309.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 1.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 219 households of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder
Borden is a town in Wood Township, Clark County, United States. The population was 808 at the 2010 census; the town's official name was New Providence until December 29, 1994. The town was founded in 1816 by Rhode Islander John Borden and was named New Providence, after the Rhode Island capital of Providence. William W. Borden, son of John Borden, was a scholar and distinguished citizen of New Providence and earned his wealth in the Leadville, silver mines, becoming one of Clark County's wealthiest citizens. In 1884, the Borden Institute was founded by William W. Borden as a college for teacher preparation and laboratory-based scientific studies, he established within the town a library and a museum with an extensive geological collection that became an important and valuable collection in Chicago's Field Museum following his death. His final crown jewel within the community was his elaborate family mansion situated on a hill overlooking the town; the town honored William W. Borden by unofficially renaming the town and post office Borden because of his generosity and influence within the community his father founded.
The Borden Institute closed in 1906 and around 1910 became used as William W. Borden High School, or Borden High School; the Institute served this purpose until 1955 when a new elementary and Jr-Sr High School were built adjacent to the Institute. The museum still stands and houses some of the original books from the Borden Library and is used as a community center; the Borden Mansion still stands and has been occupied by the Emil Stark family since the early 1970s. Following its use as a high school, the Borden Institute fell into disrepair and was razed in 1983 after a decade long effort by citizens to preserve it. Borden is served by the CSX rail system and was once one of the main loading points for carloads of strawberries shipped by The Borden-Pekin Berry Growers Association north along the Monon Rail; the large volume of strawberries supplied by the area farmers influenced the naming of the athletic teams at Borden High School. The teams were nicknamed the Borden Berries in 1934 and the name was used until 1966 when it was changed by the student body to the Borden Braves.
Strawberries continue to be farmed in the Borden area in nearby Starlight, Indiana where the Starlight Strawberry Festival is held each Memorial Day weekend. A well known establishment in Borden is Brewer's General Store; this family owned store was opened by John Brewer in 1931 and was owned and managed by the extended Brewer family until its closing in 2012. Due to Borden's rural setting, Brewer's took pride in marketing itself as a provider of goods in the scenic "Hillbilly" Valley. Favorites of the store included a large wheel of Wisconsin Rat Trap Cheese, Amish hard candies and Hillbilly Popsickles. In the 1960s, several dams were constructed along the tributaries leading to Muddy Fork, which runs through the town; this helped keep Borden from being flooded during heavy rains. On April 3, 1974, a F4 tornado struck the west side of Borden before moving into nearby Daisy Hill, killing one person. On May 27, 2004, an F2 tornado struck the northern edge of the town, doing damage to homes and the trees on the hillside but causing no deaths.
On March 2, 2012, another F4 tornado hit nearby Pekin and the northern Borden community of Daisy Hill before moving along to Henryville and points further northeast. This tornado did extensive damage to these areas and was responsible for deaths in Pekin and other Indiana towns and counties. In the early 2000s, William W. Borden High School underwent an expansion project and a new building was built in place of the school parking lot. A new parking lot was built at the old Borden Park. With the help of donations from the community and the generosity of the Koetter Family of Starlight, the town built a new Borden Community Park on the East end of Borden near the former Kimball International plant, along Muddy Fork, it includes basketball and tennis courts, a soccer field, a little league baseball complex, a walking path along the fork, a war memorial for local residents who served in the military. The Borden Valley Day Festival is held in the park annually on the second Saturday in June. In 2013, Borden High School won its first state championships.
The Braves beat University in the Semi-State round 47-44 in front of a standing room-only crowd in nearby Seymour, Indiana. On March 23, 2013, the Borden Braves as well as the entire town, came into Bankers Life Fieldhouse and won their first state championship 55-50. Cody Bachman held. After this state championship run, there was a video made about the Borden Braves titled How'Bout Them Braves, the rallying cry of the Borden faithful during the run. One local native is Joe Huber, regionally known as the founder of the Joe Huber's Family Farm and Restaurant in Starlight. Norman M. Coats of Kirkwood, Missouri has written a book called Growing Up on Daisy Hill, which chronicles his early years being born and raised in the nearby hills and hollows of Borden during the Great Depression. Borden is the former home of ten-time ARCA champion Frank Kimmel. Borden is located at 38°28′14″N 85°56′49″W. According to the 2010 census, Borden has a total area of all land; as of the 2010 census, there were 808 people, 321 households, 222 families residing in the town.
The population density was 581.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 356 housing units at an average density of 256.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.9% White, 0.5% from other ra
Indiana is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or "Indian Land". It stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. A resident of Indiana is known as a Hoosier; the etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin. The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads, they created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization; such new tools included different types of spear knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent; the Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. The Woodland period commenced around 1500 BC. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces; the concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds, they had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear; the historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee and Illini, they were joined by refugee tribes from eastern regions including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys. In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the Saint Joseph River.
He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, tools and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans. By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River. In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result; the Native American tribes of Indiana sided with th
Indiana State Road 60
State Road 60 in the U. S. State of Indiana is a rural, two-lane highway in the southeastern portion of the state, covering a distance of about 62 miles. SR 60 begins at U. S. Route runs east towards Mitchell. In Mitchell, SR 60 is concurrent with State Road 37. After Mitchell SR 60 heads southeast toward Salem. In Salem SR 60 are concurrent with State Road 56 and State Road 135. Southeast from downtown Salem SR 60 has an intersection with Indiana State Road 160. SR 60 leaves Salem heading south-southeast towards Sellersburg, passing through New Pekin and Bennettsville. In Sellersburg SR 60 passes over Interstate 65, followed by an intersection at U. S. Route 31. Western section of SR 60 from US 50 to SR 37 was number State Road 250 until 1939
New Salisbury, Indiana
New Salisbury is an unincorporated census-designated place in Jackson Township, Harrison County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 613; the community is centered on the intersection of State Highway 135 and State Highway 64, about 7 miles away from Corydon, the county seat. Businesses in New Salisbury include two gas stations, two grocery stores, a drug store, a bank, a veterinarian's office, doctor offices, a transport company, a manufacturing company; the area is within the North Harrison Community School Corporation. The area has submitted to the state of Indiana to be incorporated. If approved, New Salisbury would be the fourth largest town in Harrison County; the area is governed by the Harrison County government and represented by a council member on the County Council. New Salisbury was platted in 1839 by John Kepley, it was named for Kepley's former hometown of North Carolina. The town was sacked during Morgan's Raid by the main body of the Confederate Army as it advanced north toward Palmyra where it camped the night of July 9, 1863
Salem is a city in Washington Township, Washington County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. Salem serves as the county seat; the population was 6,319 at the 2010 census. Salem was laid out and platted in 1814, it was named for the hometown of one of the city founders. The Salem post office has been in operation since 1816. In June 1863, the Confederate cavalry under John Hunt Morgan had departed Tennessee on what would become known as Morgan's Raid. Traveling through Tennessee and into Kentucky, Morgan crossed into Indiana. Upon entering Salem at 9 a.m. Morgan took possession of the town and placed guards over the stores and streets; the cavalrymen burned the large, brick railroad depot, along with all the train cars on the track and the railroad bridges on each side of the town. Morgan demanded taxes from the two flour mills that belonged to DePauw and Knight, from the Allen Wollen Mill. Morgan's men took about $500 from the area before departing about 3 p.m.. Of the brief action at Salem, Col. Basil W. Duke, Morgan's second-in-command and brother-in-law said: "They did not pillage with any sort of method or reason.
One man carried for two days a bird cage containing three canaries. Another rode with a huge chafing dish on the pommel of his saddle. Although the weather was intensely warm, another slung seven pairs of skates around his neck. I saw few articles of real value taken. By 1898, Salem was a sundown town. Salem is an agricultural community, surrounded by typical Indiana forests and farmland and small bodies of water; the primary crops grown in the area are corn and soybeans. Homes in the area are of a variety of styles, with a portion of residential homes having Victorian architectural design. According to the 2010 census, Salem has a total area of 4.018 square miles, of which 4 square miles is land and 0.018 square miles is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Salem has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $29,256, the median income for a family was $37,179.
Males had a median income of $27,521 versus $21,952 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,299. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,319 people, 2,622 households, 1,599 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,579.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,932 housing units at an average density of 733.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population. There were 2,622 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.0% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female. Every September, Salem celebrates "Old Settler's Day" at the John Hay Center. Set in a village of authentic log structures, the festival features historical re-enactments, as well as local arts and crafts. Along with "Old Settler's Day", Salem celebrates Friday Night on the Square in September; the town square is barricaded from cars and the people of Salem meet to enjoy the festivities which include food booths, commercial booths and sometimes scavenger hunts. The downtown area is on the National Register of Historic Places; the Carnegie Library in Salem was one of nearly 2,000 libraries built in the United States including 164 in Indiana in the early 20th century with funds donated by steel conglomerate Andrew Carnegie. Salem received the grant in February 1904, broke ground in August 1904 and opened in July 1905.
Still in use today, the Carnegie Library in Salem is one of just one hundred in the state of Indiana still being used for its original purpose. Located in the center of Salem's town square, the Washington County Courthouse is known as Salem's most famous and recognizable landmark; the courthouse has historical place markers surrounding it, at the southeastern corner of the grounds, there is a memorial to veterans killed in action during conflicts dating back to the Revolutionary War. The birthplace of John Hay is located in Salem; the building was used as a school house and was built in 1824. It has been furnished in the 1840 period. Salem is home to Salem Speedway, it is a half mile high banked paved oval, first built in 1947. Many of the most legendary drivers of the past 50 years have raced there including Ted Horn, Parnelli Jones, AJ Foyt, Bobby and Al Unser, Mario Andretti, Larry Dickson, Darrell Waltr