Perry County, Indiana
Perry County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 19,338; the county seat is Tell City. It is the hilliest county as well as one of the most forested counties in Indiana as it features more than 60,000 acres of Hoosier National Forest; the Ohio River Scenic Byway along Indiana State Road 66 runs along the southern border of the county while Interstate 64 traverses the northern portion of the county. Connecting the two is Indiana State Road 37; the county features three incorporated communities: Tell City and Troy. Each is located in Troy Township, situated along the south western corner of the county. Coordinated efforts with County officials led to the acquisition of an abandoned rail line that has since been reactivated as the County-owned Hoosier Southern Rail Road. Managed by the Perry County Port Authority, the 22-mile short-line rail road connects the Perry County River Port with the Norfolk Southern Rail Road. In recent years, average temperatures in Tell City have ranged from a low of 24 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −17 °F was recorded in January 1985, a record high of 106 °F was recorded in September 1954.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.98 inches in October to 5.22 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the fiscal body of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive and legislative body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of six years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association; the judge is assisted by a magistrate, appointed by the judge. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Perry County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Larry Bucshon. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 386.29 square miles, of which 381.73 square miles is land and 4.56 square miles is water. Crawford County Spencer County Dubois County Meade County Breckinridge County, Kentucky Hancock County, Kentucky Interstate 64 Indiana State Road 37 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 66 Indiana State Road 70 Indiana State Road 145 Indiana State Road 166 Indiana State Road 545 Hoosier National Forest Interstate 64 cuts across the northern portion of the county.
State Road 66, designated as the Ohio River Scenic Byway for most of its course in the county, is the most traveled road by residents and visitors alike, adjacent to the three most populous towns in the county as well as most major tourist destinations. State Road 37 connects the county to Indianapolis. Other state roads in the county include State Road 62, which parallels I-64. Perry County was formed on November 1814 from Warrick and Gibson Counties, it was named for Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry who defeated the British squadron in the decisive Battle of Lake Erie in 1813. The Ohio River made Perry County a focal point and settlers were drawn here due to plentiful supplies of natural resources and the area's scenic beauty; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,338 people, 7,476 households, 5,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 50.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,495 housing units at an average density of 22.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% white, 2.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 37.8% were German, 14.4% were Irish, 11.6% were American, 8.7% were English. Of the 7,476 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living to
Saint Meinrad, Indiana
Saint Meinrad is a census-designated place in Harrison Township, Spencer County, United States. Located along the Anderson River and just off Interstate 64, it is home to the St. Meinrad Archabbey, it is situated about 55 miles east of Evansville. Because of the archabbey, St. Meinrad, along with Harrison Township, lies within the Archdiocese of Indianapolis instead of the much closer Diocese of Evansville, in which lies the rest of Spencer County. Saint Meinrad was laid out in 1861, named after the local St. Meinrad Archabbey. A post office has been in operation at Saint Meinrad since 1862. St. Meinrad is located at geographical coordinates 38° 10′ 19″ North, 86° 48′ 34″ West. Saint Meinrad Archabbey
French Lick, Indiana
French Lick is a town in French Lick Township, Orange County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 1,807 at the 2010 census. In November 2006, the French Lick Resort Casino, the state's tenth casino in the modern legalized era, drawing national attention to the small town. However, it is best known as the hometown of basketball legend Larry Bird. French Lick was a French trading post built near a spring and salt lick. A fortified ranger post was established near the springs in 1811. On Johnson's 1837 map of Indiana, the community was known as Salt Spring; the town was founded in 1857. French Lick's post office has been in operation since 1847; the sulfur springs were commercially exploited for medical benefits starting in 1840. By the half of the 19th century, French Lick was famous in the United States as a spa town. In the early 20th century it featured casinos attracting celebrities such as boxer Joe Louis, composer Irving Berlin and gangster Al Capone. Due to wartime travel restrictions, the Chicago Cubs and Chicago White Sox held spring training in French Lick from 1943-1944.
In order to conserve rail transport during World War II, 1943 spring training was limited to an area east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River. The French Lick Resort Casino was the focal point of most of the entertainment; the resort closed for renovation in 2005 and re-opened in 2006. Pluto Water, a best selling laxative of the first half of the 20th century, was bottled here, it was home to a large 7-Up bottling facility, which ceased operations in the mid-20th century. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his intention to run for president at a National Governors' Convention held at the French Lick Springs Hotel; the town is famous as the hometown of NBA great Larry Bird. Bird started for French Lick/West Baden's high school team, Springs Valley High School, where he left as the school's all-time scoring leader. In his basketball career, one of Bird's nicknames was "the Hick from French Lick". French Lick is the hometown of former Sacramento Kings head coach Jerry Reynolds, who works as the team's color commentator on its television broadcasts and is the Kings' director of player personnel.
In 2015, the Pete Dye Course at French Lick Resort played host to the KitchenAid Senior PGA Championship. French Lick is located at 38°32′49″N 86°37′8″W; the area has rich mineral sources. According to the 2010 census, French Lick has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,807 people, 764 households, 439 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,020.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 924 housing units at an average density of 522.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.8% White, 5.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population. There were 764 households of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.5% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age in the town was 39.2 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 46.9% male and 53.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,941 people, 849 households, 513 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,196.3 people per square mile. There were 948 housing units at an average density of 584.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.18% White, 3.66% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.26% from other races, 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population. There were 849 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.5% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.81. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,197, the median income for a family was $36,583. Males had a median income of $26,046 versus $17,346 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,113. About 11.8% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over. The town has a lending library, the Melton Public Library
Indiana is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or "Indian Land". It stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. A resident of Indiana is known as a Hoosier; the etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin. The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads, they created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization; such new tools included different types of spear knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent; the Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. The Woodland period commenced around 1500 BC. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces; the concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds, they had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear; the historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee and Illini, they were joined by refugee tribes from eastern regions including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys. In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the Saint Joseph River.
He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, tools and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans. By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River. In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result; the Native American tribes of Indiana sided with th
Dubois County, Indiana
Dubois County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 41,889; the county seat is Jasper. Dubois County is part of the Jasper Micropolitan Statistical Area. Dubois County was formed on December 20, 1818, from Orange and Perry counties, it is named for Toussaint Dubois, a Frenchman who fought in the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812. Dubois was a merchant who lived in Vincennes, he drowned in 1816 while crossing the Little Wabash River near Illinois. In 1818, as many as half of the residents of the county died of milk sickness. There is one view that the mother of Abraham Lincoln, Nancy Hanks Lincoln died of this disease at that time, it was caused by settlers drinking the milk or eating the meat of cows that had eaten the white snakeroot. The plant contains the potent toxin temetrol, passed through the milk; the migrants from the East were unfamiliar with its effects. Dubois County switched to the Central Time Zone on April 2, 2006, returned to the Eastern Time Zone on November 4, 2007.
The original county seat was Portersville. In 1830 the county seat was moved south to Jasper. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 435.33 square miles, of which 427.27 square miles is land and 8.06 square miles is water. Jasper Huntingburg Birdseye Ferdinand Holland Dubois Martin County Orange County Crawford County Perry County Spencer County Warrick County Pike County Daviess County In recent years, average temperatures in Jasper have ranged from a low of 20 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.81 inches in February to 5.29 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county.
Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms, they are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Dubois County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young, it is part of Indiana Senate districts 47 and 48, Indiana House of Representatives districts 63, 73 and 74. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,889 people, 16,133 households, 11,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 98.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 17,384 housing units at an average density of 40.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.1% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 3.1% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 58.0% were German, 9.0% were American, 8.1% were Irish, 6.7% were English. Of the 16,133 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families, 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 39.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $64,286. Males had a median income of $42,078 versus $31,411 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,801. About 6.9% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. The median income for a household in the county was $44,169, the median income for a family was $50,342. Males had a median income of $32,484 versus $23,526 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $20,225. About 2.90% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over. Patoka Lake is located along the county's easte
Columbia Township, Dubois County, Indiana
Columbia Township is one of twelve townships in Dubois County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,065 and it contained 467 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.43 square miles, of which 36.18 square miles is land and 0.25 square miles is water. Crystal Cuzco Hillham Norton Lost River Township, Martin County French Lick Township, Orange County Jackson Township, Orange County Hall Township Marion Township Harbison Township Indiana State Road 56 The township contains three cemeteries: Burton and Wininger. "Columbia Township, Dubois County, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-24. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana
Indiana State Road 56
State Road 56 in the U. S. state of Indiana is a route. The western terminus of SR 56 is near Hazleton at U. S. Route 41. SR 56 heads northeast to Hazleton. After Hazleton SR 56 turns southeast back northeast, until State Road 65. Where SR 56 heads east towards Petersburg, in Petersburg SR 56 is Concurrent with State Road 57, until the intersection with State Road 61. SR 56 leaves Petersburg concurrent with SR 61 heading south. South of Otwell SR 56 has an intersection with State Road 257. SR 56 enters Jasper on the west side and has an intersection with U. S. Route 231, the two routes are concurrent. North of Jasper SR 56 turns east towards Paoli passing through French Lick. East of Paoli SR 56 heads towards Salem passing through an intersection with State Road 337. SR 56 and State Road 60 have a concurrency from the west side of Salem to downtown Salem. SR 56 leaves Salem heading northeast turning east near the southern terminus of State Road 39. After SR 39, SR 56 passing over Interstate 65. SR 56 enters Scottsburg where SR 56 has an intersection with U.
S. Route 31. After leaving Scottsburg, SR 56 has a concurrency with State Road 203 and State Road 3. SR 56 heads toward Hanover where SR 56 and State Road 62 has a concurrency. East of Hanover SR 62 turns north and SR 56 heads east. East of the intersection with SR 62, SR 56 has an intersection with State Road 256. SR 56 enters Madison where SR 56 has an intersection with the southern terminus of State Road 7 and a concurrency with U. S. Route 421. East of Madison SR 56 parallels the Ohio River. In Vevay SR 56 has an intersection with the southern terminus of State Road 129 and the western terminus of State Road 156. After Vevay SR 56 heads north-northeast toward Aurora passing through intersection with State Road 250, SR 156, State Road 262, passing through the town of Rising Sun; the northern terminus SR 56 is at an intersection with U. S. Route 50 and State Road 350. In the western part of Indiana SR 56 followed the same routing at current State Road 64 takes. In 1930 the east terminus of SR 56 was Lawrenceburg at U.
S. Route 52, this route is now part of State Road 1. East of US 231 in northeastern Dubois County, SR 56 approximates part of the course of the Buffalo Trace, a migration route for buffalo that provided a major avenue for travel by Native Americans and Europeans in what is now southern Indiana