Preston Campbell, is an Indigenous Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played for the Gold Coast Titans of the National Rugby League. A New South Wales Country and Indigenous Dreamtime team representative five-eighth or fullback, he played for the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks before moving to the Penrith Panthers with whom he won the 2003 NRL Premiership. Campbell was born in Inverell, New South Wales, started his rugby league career with the Inverell Hawks junior club, he made his NRL debut with the Gold Coast Chargers in 1998 as a fullback. The Chargers were disbanded at the end of the season. Preston moved on to play for the Cronulla Sharks in 1999, he spent the first two seasons biding his time in reserve grade and filling in for injuries in first grade. It was in 2001 that he showed what he was capable of with his feats as a replacement fullback for the injured David Peachey, his electrifying speed and side-step combined with his diminutive stature and humility endeared him to Cronulla fans.
It was expected by some that he would return to the lower grades until he was needed again but coach John Lang had other ideas. Campbell was too talented to be wasted playing in reserve grade. With the return of David Peachey, he was no longer needed at fullback and Cronulla was struggling without a recognised halfback. Finding the solution to two problems Lang pencilled in Campbell for the halfback role. Combining with David Peachey and pivot Adam Dykes, the trio formed a devastating combination on the field as Cronulla pushed forward and made a serious bid for its 2001 finals campaign including one memorable game when Premiership favourites the Newcastle Knights were soundly beaten by the Sharks. At the end of 2001, Preston Campbell was awarded the Dally M Player of the Year, beating Andrew Johns, the Newcastle Knights captain, by one point and became Cronulla's third Dally M medallist. In 2002, with the arrival of new coach Chris Anderson and former Test halfback Brett Kimmorley at the club, he was overlooked for his preferred halfback role in place of Kimmorley.
He was instead moved to the unfamiliar position of hooker. After several disastrous games and very little interest in playing, he was dropped to reserve grade and, stating his desire to return to the position he had made his own, requested a release from Cronulla, granted in early August 2002. On 7 August 2002, it was announced that Campbell had agreed to terms with the Penrith Panthers for a three-year term. Although Campbell had been given no guarantees on which position he would play, he said that he was looking forward to playing under John Lang once more. In his first season with the Penrith Panthers in 2003, back in his more familiar role at halfback/five-eighth, he proved to be a great asset to the team, playing every minute of every match for the entire season. Campbell played at five-eighth in the 2003 NRL grand final-winning Panthers team; as 2003 NRL premiers, the Panthers travelled to England to face Super League VIII champions, the Bradford Bulls in the 2004 World Club Challenge.
Campbell played at five-eighth. In 2005, with two seasons still to play with the Panthers, Campbell was the inaugural signing for the newly admitted NRL club, Gold Coast Titans. Campbell signed a three-year contract which commenced in 2007. Due to injury to other players such as Chris Walker, Campbell spent much of the 2007 season at fullback. Campbell started the 2008 season in good form, he extended his contract with the Titans. He was named the 2008 Gold Coast Titans player of the year for his consistent and inspiring performances throughout the year. In 2009 he played halfback, five-eighth and fullback due to the injuries to players such as Scott Prince and Mat Rogers. Campbell retired at the end of the 2011 season. In November 2008, Campbell was awarded the Ken Stephen Medal by the NRL at the One Community Awards for his tireless work with Indigenous communities; the award is given for outstanding service on and off the field. Campbell is a cousin of Greg Inglis. Profile at Gold Coast Titans Pacific Sports Management profile
Johnathan Dean Thurston is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in the National Rugby League. Thurston was an Australian international, Queensland State of Origin and Indigenous All Stars representative, he was a noted goal-kicker. In 2015, he became the first four-time Dally M Medallist for the NRL season's best player, that year became the first three-time winner of the Golden Boot Award for the World's best player. During his career he had been regarded as the greatest to have played the game. Johnathan Thurston started his career at the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in 2002, where he won the 2004 NRL premiership, before moving to the North Queensland Cowboys in 2005, playing in that year's grand final. In that year, he made his debut for Queensland, before making his Australian debut in 2006, he was the 2008 Wally Lewis medalist for State of Origin player of the series. In 2008, he was named as halfback of the Australian Aboriginal team of the century. Thurston was the only player to play in all 24 games of Queensland's eight-year State of Origin winning streak from 2006, having played 36 consecutive Origin matches from his debut in 2005.
Thurston broke the record for most points in State of Origin history during the 2015 State of Origin Series. In 2015, Thurston co-captained the North Queensland Cowboys, along with teammate Matt Scott, to their inaugural NRL Premiership, he was the 2015 Clive Churchill Medallist for grand final man of the match. In 2018, Thurston founded and launched the Johnathan Thurston Academy of, he now the Managing Director; the JTAcademy provides a forum, which encourages Australian youth to access the educational and vocational resources needed to secure meaningful employment. Thurston was born in Brisbane, Australia, to a Gunggari mother and a New Zealand-born father, he began playing rugby league at a young age for Souths Sunnybank RLFC in Brisbane's southside. At 12 years of age Thurston signed a scholarship deal with the South Queensland Crushers. During his youth he moved to Toowoomba where he attended St. Mary's College, playing rugby league for the school and the Toowoomba Rugby League's All Whites club.
Although a stand-out player at school and club level at 18 years of age, none of the National Rugby League clubs were willing to sign the Queenslander with many citing his small size as a problem. According to Thurston's manager, Sam Ayoub, a number of the clubs were not willing to take him for free. Only St George Illawarra Dragons coach Nathan Brown was willing to sign him because he was going to play for nothing. Ayoub negotiated with the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs to sign him as he had promised Thurston's mother he would keep an eye on him, Belmore was closer to where he lived; the Bulldogs signed Thurston in the 2001 NRL season for'nil playing fee'. Once Thurston had the opportunity he was selected for the Queensland U-19 side that year. Thurston made his NRL debut for the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in Round 13 of the 2002 NRL season against the Penrith Panthers, coming off the interchange bench in the 38-24 win at Penrith Stadium. In Round 21 against the North Queensland Cowboys, Thurston scored his first and second NRL career tries in the Bulldogs 34-26 win at Dairy Farmers Stadium.
Thurston scored. As a specialist in the halves, Thurston was behind established Bulldogs halves pairing Brent Sherwin and Braith Anasta and many of his critics still believed he was still too small in stature to be competitive in the NRL. Thurston played in 15 matches and scored four tries in 2003. Although Thurston never cemented a starting position and only took part in 29 matches throughout three seasons at the Bulldogs, in his final year in 2004, he was part of the Premiership-winning side, coming off the bench in the Bulldogs 16-13 win over the Sydney Roosters in the 2004 NRL Grand Final. Thurston wore jersey #18 for the match as he had been a late inclusion for regular captain Steve Price who, in the lead up to the match, was ruled out with a knee injury; as Price had housed and mentored him upon his arrival in Sydney, Thurston gave his premiership ring to Price as a thank you. Price was able to give Thurston another ring in return. Towards the end of the season it was announced that 2004 would be his final year for the Sydney club as he was signed by the North Queensland Cowboys for 2005.
Thurston played 7 scored 4 tries for the year. At the end of the season, Thurston was approached by New Zealand but turned them down in favour of representing Australia and Queensland. In 2015, it was revealed that Thurston wanted to stay at Canterbury beyond the 2004 season but the management at the club had re-signed Brent Sherwin and Braith Anasta. According to Thurston's manager Sam Ayoub, the player wanted to stay at Canterbury if it meant a diminished salary but he was told that leaving was the best option. In round 1 of the 2005 NRL season, Thurston made his club debut for the Cowboys against the Brisbane Broncos at Suncorp Stadium at five-eighth in the Cowboys 29-16 loss. In round 4, against the Newcastle Knights, Thurston scored his first club try for the Cowboys in the 52-18 win at Dairy Farmers Stadium. Thurston's return to Queensland proved to be a major turning point in his career, he became the starting halfback for the Cowboys, his consistency earned him his first Queensland State of Origin jersey.
In his debut match for Queensland in Game 1 of the 2005 State of Origin series at Suncorp Stadium, Thurston was voted Player's Player after being in the top 4 tacklers and kicking a field goal to force the game into ext
All Stars match
The Rugby League All Stars Match of the National Rugby League is an annual rugby league football match between the specially-formed Indigenous All Stars and an All Stars team, both of whose members are made available for selection public vote. The game has been played since 2010 at Queensland's Skilled Park; the player judged man-of-the-match is awarded the Preston Campbell Medal, named after indigenous Gold Coast player, Preston Campbell. Between 2010 and 2015, the Indigenous All Stars opponent was an NRL All Stars team, they were replaced for 2016 by a World All Stars team; the first match took place on 13 February 2010 at the Gold Coast's Skilled Park and was won 16-12 by the Indigenous All Stars, winning half-back Johnathan Thurston was awarded the inaugural Preston Campbell award for best player. Players from both sides were chosen by the public, through a voting scheme through the official NRL website. Coaches from both sides select the voted players into a make up squad, players specially selected by the coaches are included to create the full 20-man positional squad.
Several rule alterations were made exclusive to the All Stars which trialled such concepts like the "Double Try" and "Power Play" rule. In 2012, the match trophy was named in honour to indigenous rugby league legend Artie Beetson. For 2010, the match exhibited several rule variations exclusive to the All stars match:A new double try or "power play" rule was trialled during the match; this rule gave a try-scoring team the option to attempt to score another try from a single play-the-ball instead of taking the usual place kicked conversion. The idea is similar to the try rule in American football whereby a touchdown-scoring team can choose to either kick a conversion goal or to attempt to convert via an additional touchdown; the double try would be worth a further four points. The following rules were applied to the double try attempt: The double try attempt was started by the attacking team with a play the ball in the centre of their opponents 20 metre line; the fullback on the defending team was required to leave the field of play for the duration of the play.
This meant. The attacking team was prevented from kicking during the attempt, with the referee ending the play for a restart in the event that the ball was kicked. If the defending team gained possession of the ball the play was over, this meant that the defending team could not score in this situation. If the defending team conceded a penalty, the double try would be awarded automatically; the match was divided into quarters rather than halves with 20 minutes between each break. Quarter and three quarter breaks were in five-minute periods and conducted on the field; this is due to the fact. Team talks delivered by the coaches during the breaks were broadcast live for the first time. Teams had an unlimited interchange limit; the match contained four on-field officials. The video referee was available to explain their decisions to the broadcast commentary team on air for the first time. For the 2013 game, the following trial experimental rules were introduced: Ruck Penalties For infringements in the ruck area by the defending team which does not result in the breakdown of play, the referee will indicate the infringement by blowing his whistle and signaling the infringement.
The match referee will immediately signal the restart of the tackle count which shall occur at the point of the infringement with a zero tackle. There will be no kick for touch for these infringements. Play will continue from the point of the infringement via a play the ball. Any foul play in the ruck area by the defending team will result in a traditional penalty. Any infringement by the attacking team in the ruck area will result in a traditional penalty. Quick Restarts This will see an extension of the quick restart from the 20m, with players allowed quick penalty tap kicks/restarts from the point of the offence. Captains questioning decisions will be restricted to. Restarts from Kicks For any attacking team that kicks the ball from the outside the opponents 30m line and the ball goes dead in-goal, the opponent will receive the ball via a handover from the point where the kick originated once the match officials are in place; the Preston Campbell Medal is awarded to the man of the match and is voted by the public.
The medal is named after Gold Coast Titans and indigenous star Preston Campbell, the first person that ventured the idea of the All Stars match. Note: The All Stars match was not contested in 2014 and 2018; the Women's All Stars Match is the Women's rugby league version of the game and has been running since 2011. The match was held as the main curtain raiser for the 2014 Anzac Test; the Women's All Stars exhibition match, held as a curtain raiser for the men's 2015 All Stars match and was won by the NRL Women's All Stars 26-8. NRL All Stars match results and statistics Official website
Rugby league positions
A rugby league team consists of thirteen players on the field, with four substitutes on the bench. Each of the thirteen players is assigned a position with a standardised number, which reflects their role in attack and defence, although players can take up any position at any time. Players are divided into two general types and backs. Forwards are chosen for their size and strength, they are expected to run with the ball, to attack, to make tackles. Forwards are required to improve the team's field position thus creating space and time for the backs. Backs are smaller and faster, though a big, fast player can be of advantage in the backs, their roles require speed and ball-playing skills, rather than just strength, to take advantage of the field position gained by the forwards. Forwards tend to operate in the centre of the field, while backs operate nearer to the touch-lines, where more space can be found; the diagram, shows the typical positions of each player during a scrum. The laws of the game recognise standardised numbering of positions.
The starting side wear the numbers corresponding to their positions, only changing in the case of substitutions and position shifts during the game. In some competitions, such as Super League, players receive a squad number to use all season, no matter what positions they play in; the positions and the numbers are defined by the game's laws as: Backs1 Full Back 2 Right Wing Threequarter 3 Right Centre Threequarter 4 Left Centre Threequarter 5 Left Wing Threequarter 6 Stand-off Half or Five-eighth 7 Scrum Half or HalfbackForwards8 Prop 9 Hooker 10 Front Row Forward 11 Second Row Forward 12 Second Row Forward 13 Lock ForwardIn practice, the term'front row forward' is rarely used, a team has two props. The scrum half is known as the half back in Australasia, the lock forward is known as loose forward in England. There are seven backs, numbered 1 to 7. For these positions, the emphasis is on ball-handling skills; the "back-line" consists of smaller, more agile players. Numbered 1, the fullback's primary role is the last line of defence, standing behind the main line of defenders.
Defensively, fullbacks must be able to chase and tackle any player who breaks the first line of defence, must be able to catch and return kicks made by the attacking side. Their role in attack is as a support player, they are used to come into the line to create an overlap in attack. Fullbacks that feature in their respective nations' rugby league halls of fame are France's Puig Aubert, Australia's Clive Churchill and Billy Slater, Charles Fraser, Graeme Langlands and Graham Eadie, Great Britain/Wales' Jim Sullivan and New Zealand's Des White. There are four threequarters: two wingers and two centres - right wing, right centre, left centre and left wing; these players work in pairs, with one winger and one centre occupying each side of the field. Known as wingers. There are two wings in a rugby league team, numbered 2 and 5, they are positioned closest to the touch-line on each side of the field. They are among the fastest players in a team, with the speed to exploit space, created for them and finish an attacking move.
In defence their primary role is to mark their opposing wingers, they are usually required to catch and return kicks made by an attacking team dropping behind the defensive line to help the fullback. Wingers that feature in their nations' rugby league halls of fame are Great Britain's Billy Batten, Billy Boston and Clive Sullivan, Australia's Brian Bevan, John Ferguson, Ken Irvine, Harold Horder and Brian Carlson, South African Tom van Vollenhoven and France's Raymond Contrastin There are two centres and left, numbered 3 and 4 respectively, they are positioned just inside the wingers and are the second-closest players to the touch-line on each side of the field. In attack their primary role is to provide an attacking threat out wide and as such they need to be some of the fastest players on the pitch providing the pass for their winger to finish off a move. In defence, they are expected to mark their opposite centre. Centres that feature in their countries' halls of fame are France's Max Rousié, England's Eric Ashton, Harold Wagstaff and Neil Fox, Wales' Gus Risman and Australia's Reg Gasnier, H "Dally" Messenger, Dave Brown, Jim Craig, Bob Fulton and Mal Meninga.
There are two halves. Positioned more centrally in attack, beside or behind the forwards, they direct the ball and are the team's main play-makers, as such are required to be the most skillful and intelligent players on the team; these players usually perform most tactical kicking for their team. Numbered 6, the stand off or five-eighth is a strong passer and runner, while being agile; this player is referred to as "second receiver", as in attacking situations they are the second player to receive the ball and are able to initiate an attacking move. Star players of this position include Wally Lewis, Darren Lockyer, Bob Fulton, Brad Fittler, Laurie Daley and Terry Lamb Numbered 7, the scrum-half or half back is involved in directing the team's play; the position is sometimes referred to as "first receiver", as half backs are the first to receive the ball from the dummy-half after a play-the-ball. This makes them important decision-makers in attack. A rugby league forward pack consists of six players who tend to be bigger and stronger than backs, rely more on their strength and size to fulfill their roles than play-making skills.
The forwards traditionally formed and contested scrums, however in the modern game
New Zealand Māori rugby league team
New Zealand Māori rugby league team is a rugby league representative side made up of New Zealand Māori players. The side represents the New Zealand Māori Rugby league. Like its union counterpart, the rugby league team competes in international competitions. With some controversy, the team participated in the 2000 World Cup as Aotearoa Māori; the Super League International Board had agreed to give a place in their World Cup to the New Zealand Māori team as they attempted to gain allies during the Super League war. Despite that World Cup not taking place, the Rugby league International Federation repeated the offer for the 2000 World Cup when it replaced the Super League International Board following the end of the dispute. A New Zealand Māori team first toured overseas in 1908; this tour was a success, was followed by another tour to Australia in 1909 and to Great Britain in 1910. The first game of international rugby league on New Zealand soil was between the Māori and the touring Great Britain Lions of 1910.
A separate body, the Māori Rugby League Board of Control, was formed in 1934 to administer the game in Māori communities. This governing body was renamed the Aotearoa Māori Rugby League and in 1992 it was registered as an incorporated society; the Māori have had a wonderful record of beating international touring teams over the years. In 1983 they visited Britain and a side containing future Kiwis stars like Hugh McGahan, Dean Bell and Clayton Friend proved too strong for the amateur opposition they played. For many years, the Māori have competed in the Pacific Cup alongside other teams with a strong presence of New Zealand-based players—Samoa and the Cook Islands, so they thought it was right they should have the opportunity to follow these teams to the World Cup; the invitation to the Māori to take part in the 2000 World Cup came about as a result of promises made to them by the defunct Super League International Board at the height of the Super League war that tore the game apart in the southern hemisphere.
The Māori team has participated in the Pacific Cup, Super League's 1997 Oceania Cup, Papua New Guinea 50th Anniversary, 2000 World Cup, World Sevens Qualification and Pacific Rim competitions. The Maori competed against Indigenous Dreamtime team on 26 October 2008 as the curtain raiser to the first match of the 2008 World Cup; the Māori team lost 34-26. In 2010, the Maori team played England at Mt. Smart Stadium in Auckland before the 2010 Rugby league Four Nations in New Zealand. After trailing 18-0 at halftime, the Maori came back to draw the match at 18-all. In October 2013, the side faced the touring Murri Rugby League Team in a two-game series; the Maori side, featuring NRL players Charlie Gubb, Sam Rapira and Bodene Thompson, won the first game 48-18 at Davies Park, Huntly. The second game was played at Puketawhero Park and was won by the Maori side, 32-16. In October 2014, the team will travel to Australia to play against the Queensland Maori team at Owen Park and the Murri Rugby League Team at BMD Kougari Oval, Wynnum.
In 2018 they took part in the NRL Festival of Indigenous Rugby League held in Redfern Sydney against the First Nation Goannas, they were beat 22-16 in a thrilling finish. Primary Alternative Team Name Rohe 1. Zebastion Luisi, Tamaki Makaurau - Howick Hornets. 2. Thyme Nikau, Tamaki Makaurau - Howick Hornets 3. Hiwaroa Grant, Te Arawa - Taniwharau 4. Rusty Bristow, Tamaki Makaurau - Papakura Sea Eagles 5. Ryan Gordon, Tauranga Moana - Otumoetai Eels 6. Cruz Rauner, Taranaki - Waitara Bears 7. Cody Walker, Tamaki Makaurau - Mount Albert Lions 8. Chris Fox, Waikato Maori - Taniwharau 9. Zach Tippins, Tamaki Makaurau - Mount Albert Lions 10. Jay Pukepuke, Te Waipounamu - Halswell Hornets 11. Rulon Nutira, Te Waipounamu - Hornby Panthers 12. Arden McCarthy, Tamaki Makaurau - Pt Chevalier Pirates 13. Dylan Moses, Tamaki Makaurau - Pt Chevalier Pirates 14. Chance Tauri, Te Awa Kairangi - Te Aroha Eels 15. Tama Kaha, Te Awa Kairangi - Levin Wolves 16. Tony Tuia, Tamaki Makaurau - Howick Hornets 17. Dominic Bartells, Te Awa Kairangi - Wainuiomata Lions Coach: Darren Pirini, Tamaki Makaurau 1 Steve Waetford - Auckland Vulcan's NSW Cup Auckland 2 Thyme Nikau - Howick Hornets Fox Memorial Auckland 3 Rusty Bristow - Papakura Sea Eagles Fox Memorial Auckland 4 Zebastion Luisi - Howick Hornets Fox Memorial Auckland 5 Tee Mahe - Glenora Bears Fox Memorial Auckland 6 Cody Walker - Mount Albert Lions Fox Memorial Auckland 7 Jody Henry - Brisbane North Devils Queensland Cup Brisbane 8 Sam Rapira - NZ Warriors NRL Auckland 9 Kurt Kara - Newtown Jets NSW Cup Sydney 10 Charlie Gubb - NZ Warriors NRL Auckland 11 Bodene Thompson - West Tigers NRL Sydney/ replaced 12 Rulon Nutira - Hornby Panthers Canterbury Christchurch 13 Scott Jones - Canberra Mounties NSW Cup Canberra 14 Hamiora Mihaka - Taniwharau Waicoa Hamilton 15 Tony Tuia - Howick Hornets Fox Memorial Auckland 16 Jay Pukepuke - Halswell Hornets Canterbury Christchurch 17 Kouma Samson - NZ Warriors Holden Cup Auckland The 2019 All Stars match was the eighth annual representative exhibition All Stars match of Australian rugby league.
The match was played between the Indigenous All Stars and the Māori All Stars for the first time, the match was played in Victoria's AAMI Park. The Indigenous All Stars won 34-14 New Zealand national rugby league team New Zealand national rugby union team New Zealand Māori rugby union team New Zealand Māori cricket team 100 years of Māori rugby league 1908 - 2008 Google Books
Ron Gibbs known by the nickname of "Rambo", is an Australian former rugby league footballer who played professionally in Australia and England. An Australian Aboriginal and Country New South Wales representative three-quarter back or second-row forward, he played his club football in the New South Wales Rugby League for Eastern Suburbs, Manly-Warringah, Gold Coast-Tweed and Western Suburbs, as well as in England for Castleford. In 1982 Gibbs, nicknamed "Rambo" for his fearless runs at the defensive line, scored three tries for the Western Suburbs Rosellas as they defeated Kurri Kurri to win the Newcastle Rugby League Grand Final 21-14 at the Newcastle International Sports Centre. Gibbs made his NSWRL Premiership début for Eastern Suburbs in 1983 against Illawarra, he was the club's captain in 1985 before handing the job over to John Tobin. He joined the Bob Fulton coached Manly-Warringah in 1986 and played in 47 games for the club, including the winning 1987 Grand Final against Canberra in the last Grand Final played at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
In 1987 he represented New South Wales Country in the annual City v Country Origin match. His last game for the club was the 1987 World Club Challenge at Central Park in England. Gibbs became the first player sent off in a World Club Challenge following a high tackle on Wigan centre Joe Lydon. Wigan won a try-less game 8-2 in front of 36,895 fans. In 1988 he joined the new Gold Coast-Tweed club as their key signing, although he missed their opening six matches and according to observers “produced his rampaging best only rarely”, he spent the 1988-89 off-season in England. Ron Gibbs played right-second-row, i.e. number 12, in Castleford's 12-33 defeat by Leeds in the 1988 Yorkshire County Cup Final during the 1988–89 season at Elland Road, Leeds on Sunday 16 October 1988. In 1989 Gibbs was made the Giants captain. In 1990 Gibbs again played for Castleford, he represented the Australian Aboriginal side in the 1990 Pacific Cup. During the 1990/1991 off-season, Gibbs negotiated with Wests, who had acquired a number of class players and were looking at their first finals series since 1982, but was drafted by wooden spooner South Sydney.
Gibbs refused to play for South Sydney, but despite the Rabbitohs’ refusal to let go of him, his court appeal was won with a unanimous vote on the twelfth of March, 1991. Gibbs’ victory stands in contrast to the better-known turning down of identical appeals by Terry Hill and Emosi Koloto. Gibbs spent only one season with the Magpies before retiring. Gibbs said of his many games, “I would have been concussed in over half of them. On some of the little concussions when I got smashed I had nausea, felt like spewing, I was light-headed and you do lose your sense of balance, all of that, it all comes with it; as soon as I’d got into the next tackle my body would just click back into gear, sort of like driving a manual car. I'm sure, but I loved every minute of it. I’d do it all over again.”
Barcaldine is a small town and locality in the Barcaldine Region in Central West Queensland, Australia. Barcaldine played a major role in the Australian labour movement. In the 2011 census, the town of Barcaldine had a population of 1,316 people, while the locality had a population of 1,655 people. Barcaldine is 520 kilometres by road west of the city of Rockhampton; the town is situated on Lagoon Creek, which flows into the Alice River five kilometres south of the Barcaldine. This is the administrative centre of the Barcaldine Region. Major industries are beef cattle rearing; the streets in Barcaldine are named after different types of trees. The town takes its name from a sheep station called Barcaldine Downs, established in 1863 by Donald Cameron, whose family property in Ayrshire, named for Barcaldine and Bute, Scotland. Cameron had been a slaveholder in British Guiana. Barcaldine Post Office opened on 13 November 1886. Barcaldine State School opened on 4 July 1887; the current Barcaldine Public Library opened in 2016.
Barcaldine played a significant role in the Australian labour movement and the birth of the Australian Labor Party. In 1891, it was one of the focal points of the 1891 Australian shearers' strike, with the Eureka Flag flying over the strike camp; the landmark Tree of Knowledge, under which the strikers met, stood outside the railway station. In 2006, persons unknown poisoned the tree with the herbicide Roundup. One of the first May day marches in the world took place during the strike on 1 May 1891 in Barcaldine; the Sydney Morning Herald reported that of the 1,340 men that took part, 618 were mounted on horses. Banners carried included those of the Australian Labor Federation, the Shearers' and Carriers' Unions, one inscribed'Young Australia'; the leaders wore the Eureka Flag was carried. The Labor Bulletin reported that cheers were given for "the Union", "the Eight-hour day", "the Strike Committee" and "the boys in gaol", it reported the march:In the procession every civilised country was represented doing duty for the Russian, French, Dane etc. who are germane to him in other climes, showing that Labor's cause is one the world over, foreshadowing the time when the swords shall be turned into ploughshares and Liberty and Friendship will knit together the nations of the earth.
In 1892, the local government area of Barcaldine Division was established, by separating it from the Kargoolnah Division which had its headquarters in Blackall. Since Barcaldine has been the headquarters of local government in the area, commencing with the Barcaldine Divisional Board, which became the Barcaldine Shire Council in 1903, the Barcaldine Regional Council in 2008; the initial local government meetings were held in a building in Oak Street, which burned down in 1896. A shire hall was constructed in 1898 on the south-east corner of Ash and Beech Streets, which became too small. In February 1912 a new larger shire hall was opened and that building is still in use today and is heritage-listed; the artesian water at Barcaldine is full of minerals. A bore had been constructed in 1887, but was unsuitable for the water needs of the steam locomotives and so the water was let run to waste. By 1891, a local doctor observed that water contained soda and potash which he believed would have health benefits.
In 1907, a swimming pool using the artesian water was built by the Barcaldine Shire Council, along with baths and showers for therapeutic use. Although Barcaldine was being promoted as a spa town into the mid 1930s, interest in "taking the waters" declined after that period as medical opinion became doubtful of the benefits of mineral waters, favouring drugs and physiotherapy as better treatments; the Barcaldine War Memorial was unveiled by Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan, on 21 May 1924. At the 2006 census, Barcaldine had a population of 1,337. Barcaldine has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Ash Street: Barcaldine Shire Hall Ash Street: Barcaldine War Memorial Clock Bank of Lagoon Creek: Shearers' Strike Camp Site Oak Street: Tree of Knowledge 39 Beech Street: Barcaldine Masonic Temple 85 Elm Street: St Peter's Anglican Church and Hall Barcaldine has a bowls, tennis clubs, a combined racecourse and showground near the golf course, a historical and folk museum, swimming pool and visitor information centre.
Barcaldine Regional Council operates a library at 71 Ash Street. The Barcaldine branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms at the corner of Maple and Ash Streets. Barcaldine Airport University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Barcaldine and Barcaldine Shire "Barcaldine Tree of Knowledge poisoned". Australian national news. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 19 May 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2006. "Efforts to save'Tree of Knowledge' fail". Australian national news. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 28 June 2006. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2006. Manifesto of the Queensland Labour Party - digitised and held by John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Australia. Community History Barcaldine Community History