Indigo children, according to a pseudoscientific New Age concept, are children who are believed to possess special and sometimes supernatural traits or abilities. The idea is based on concepts developed in the 1970s by Nancy Ann Tappe and further developed by Lee Carroll and Jan Tober; the concept of indigo children gained popular interest with the publication of a series of books in the late 1990s and the release of several films in the following decade. A variety of books and related materials have been created surrounding belief in the idea of indigo children and their nature and abilities; the interpretations of these beliefs range from their being the next stage in human evolution, in some cases possessing paranormal abilities such as telepathy, to the belief that they are more empathetic and creative than their peers. No scientific studies give credibility to the existence of their traits; some parents choose to label their children who have been diagnosed with learning disabilities as an indigo child to alternatively diagnose them.
Critics view this as a way for parents to avoid considering pediatric treatment or a psychiatric diagnosis. Some lists of traits used to describe indigo children have been criticized for being vague enough to be applied to most people, a form of the Forer effect; the term "indigo children" originated with parapsychologist and self-described synesthete and psychic Nancy Ann Tappe, who developed the concept in the 1970s. In 1982 Tappe published a comb-bound which she expanded and republished in paperback in 1986 as Understanding Your Life Thru Color. In these works Tappe introduced the concept of "life colors", defined in Understanding Your Life Thru Color as "the single color of the aura that remains constant in most people from the cradle to the grave"; the concept of "life colors" was popularized nationally by Tappe's student Barbara Bowers, who published What Color Is Your Aura?: Personality Spectrums for Understanding and Growth in 1989, by Bowers' student Pamala Oslie, who published Life Colors: What the Colors in Your Aura Reveal in 1991.
Tappe stated that during the late 1960s and early 1970s she began noticing that many children were being born with indigo auras. The idea was popularized by the 1998 book The Indigo Children: The New Kids Have Arrived, written by husband and wife self-help lecturers Lee Carroll and Jan Tober. In 2002, the first international conference on indigo children was held in Hawaii, drawing 600 attendees, there have been subsequent conferences in Florida and elsewhere. Several films have been produced on the subject, including two films by New Age writer James Twyman: a 2003 feature film Indigo and a 2006 documentary The Indigo Evolution. Sarah W. Whedon suggests in a 2009 article in Nova Religio that the social construction of indigo children is a response to an "apparent crisis of American childhood" in the form of increased youth violence and diagnoses of attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Whedon believes parents label their children as "indigo" to provide an alternative explanation for their children's improper behavior stemming from ADD and ADHD.
Descriptions of indigo children include that they: Are empathic and strong-willed Are perceived by friends and family as being strange Possess a clear sense of self-definition and purpose Show a strong innate subconscious spirituality from early childhood Have a strong feeling of entitlement, or deserving to be hereOther alleged traits include: High intelligence quotient Inherent intuitive ability Resistance to rigid, control-based paradigms of authorityAccording to Tober and Carroll, indigo children may function poorly in conventional schools due to their rejection of rigid authority, their being smarter or more spiritually mature than their teachers, their lack of response to guilt-, fear- or manipulation-based discipline. According to research psychologist Russell Barkley, the New Age movement has yet to produce empirical evidence of the existence of indigo children, as the traits most attributed to them are aligned with the Forer effect—so vague that they could describe nearly anyone.
Many critics see the concept of indigo children as made up of general traits, a sham diagnosis, an alternative to a medical diagnosis, with a complete lack of science or studies to support it. Retired professor of philosophy and skeptic Robert Todd Carroll notes that many of the commentators on the indigo phenomenon are of varying qualifications and expertise, parents may prefer labeling their child an indigo as an alternative to a diagnosis that implies poor parenting, narcissistic parenting, damage, or mental illness; this is a belief echoed by academic psychologists. Some mental health experts are concerned that labeling a disruptive child an "indigo" may delay proper diagnosis and treatment that could help the child or look into the parenting style that may be causing the behavior. Others have stated that many of the traits of indigo children could be more prosaically interpreted as simple unruliness and alertness. Many children labeled indigo by their parents are diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and Tober and Carroll's book The Indigo Children linked the concept with diagnosis of ADHD.
David Cohen points out that labeling a child an indigo is an alternative to a diagnosis that implies mental illness, which may appeal to many parents. Cohen has stated. It's a disorder. If you're a parent, the idea of'gifted' is much more appealing than the idea of a disorder." Linking the concept of indigo chi
Bubenheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The municipality lies in the Selztal landscape conservation area with the nature conservation areas of Talberg, Flößrich/Gänsklauer and Binger Wiese; the winemaking centre belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Gau-Algesheim, whose seat is in the like-named town. Over the last 150 years, the population figure has lain at about 500 or 550, although in the last ten years, it has grown to about 900; the council is made up of 12 council members who were elected by majority vote in a municipal election held on 25 May 2014, the honorary mayor as chairman. The municipality’s arms might be described thus: Per fess at the nombril point Or an eagle displayed sable armed and beaked gules, gules in fess an ear of grain bendwise leafed, a cherry twig fructed of two and leafed of one and a bunch of grapes slipped bendwise sinister of the first.
The Evangelical and Catholic churches in Bubenheim are both open to visitors and stand near the village square. Clubs in the municipality are the gymnastic club TV 1898 Bubenheim, the table tennis club TTC Bubenheim and the singing club Gesangverein 1879 Bubenheim with the offshoot Weedies Soundtrain. An institution known beyond Germany’s borders is the film production company Exquiser Films; the Bubenheim kermis is always held on the third weekend in July. Bubenheim is known above all for its winegrowing in the Honigberg vineyards. Besides wine, though and fruit are counted among the municipality’s main sources of income; the proximity to Ingelheim, Mainz and to the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region makes Bubenheim a popular dormitory and weekend village for many commuters. The community is crossed by Kreisstraße 16; the A 60 autobahns and A 63 can be reached by car in 10 to 20 minutes. Municipal kindergarten Dr. h.c. Walter Zoth Fritz Bockius, German jurist and politician, Member of the Reichstag Municipality’s official webpage
Townsville Post Office is a heritage-listed former post office and now brewery at 252–270 Flinders Street, Townsville CBD, City of Townsville, Australia. It was built in 1886 by Dennis Kellcher, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 30 May 2003. The Post Office was constructed in a number of stages; the first stage was a two-storey telegraph office at a cost of £6000, following an 1886 extension for a post office with a residence for the postmaster on the upper floor) costing over £8000. Dennis Kellcher submitted a tender and carried out extensions in 1888, while a clock tower was built by Henry L Davis & Co. Chimes were imported from England in 1889 and installed by 1891. Following the bombing of Darwin, the clocktower was dismantled in 1942 and the mechanism was stored away. A modified tower was built in 1963-64 by JE Allen & Co. of Townsville at a cost of £42,135. The interior was modernised at this time; because of its prominent location, the Post Office became the scene of political rallies around a speaker on a soap box.
In 2001, it was redeveloped as The Brewery, owned by the Townsville Brewing Company. The company has a restaurant and bar; the Post Office is a cement-rendered brick building. Its asymmetric facade has a loggia on the lower level, which shades the building along Flinders and Denham Streets and a verandah along the front and side facade of the upper level; the lowpitched hipped roof of corrugated iron extends into four gabled projections, while a slender clocktower and parapeted cupola dominates the corner. On the upper level, French doors open with sashed windows in all other openings; the interior is not as intact as the facade because of years of alterations. The building stands in a commanding position in the streetscape at the eastern end of Flinders Mall, it enhances the western end of historic Flinders Street East. Despite interior modifications, the basic structure is intact and in excellent condition; the former Townsville Post Office was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 30 May 2003 having satisfied the following criteria.
The place is important in demonstrating the pattern of Queensland's history. The Post Office is a most significant building in its particular location, it is a fine example of a purpose-built colonial government building displaying Renaissance elements. For over one hundred years it has been a landmark in the streetscape of the town; the place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. The Post Office is a most significant building in its particular location, it is a fine example of a purpose-built colonial government building displaying Renaissance elements. The place is important because of its aesthetic significance. For over one hundred years it has been a landmark in the streetscape of the town; this Wikipedia article incorporates text from "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence. The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence.
Media related to Townsville Post Office at Wikimedia Commons
The University of Toronto Model Parliament is a parliamentary simulation hosted at the University of Toronto and the Ontario Legislative Assembly at Queen’s Park. Founded in 2008 by University of Toronto undergraduate students, the inaugural session was held in 2010. UTMP attracts 200 delegates from high schools and universities across Canada. Delegates participate in an Election Day prior to the simulation, where party caucuses are formed, leaders are elected and a mock election is conducted; the simulation itself is in session for three days in the chambers of the Ontario Legislative Assembly. In conjunction with the Churchill Society for the Advancement of Parliamentary Democracy, the University of Toronto Model Parliament offers 25 full bursaries to offset the delegate registration fee. UTMP gives out awards to delegates following the simulation, including: The Churchill Award - Two awards are given to the junior and senior delegate who best demonstrate the qualities of Sir. Winston Churchill The Churchill Party Leadership Award - Two awards will be given to the junior and senior delegate who demonstrate leadership in their capacity as a party leader The Churchill Literary Award - Two awards will be given to junior and senior delegate who make the most thoughtful and well-written contributions to the Parliamentary Hansard while in session The Churchill Leadership Award - Two awards will be given to Junior Directors on the Executive Board who have demonstrated commitment and initiative while organizing the University of Toronto Model Parliament The Churchill Peacemaker's Award - Two awards will be given to the junior and senior delegate who best represent the ideals of parliamentary democracy, by conducting themselves in a cooperative and constructive manner while in session.
These awards, designed in conjunction with a preeminent association for democratic advancement, speak to the high calibre of the event as an educational experience, which engages youth in experiential learning - a style of programming that fulfills recent calls in Ontario for civics education, "lived, not studied to death". The simulation offers the chance to debate, design policy and participate in the mechanisms of governance so that students gain an insight into democracy, first-hand experience about how the so-called "democratic deficit" can be eliminated by a new generation of Canadian leaders. University of Toronto Model Parliament
Margaret Marland is a Canadian former politician in Ontario. She was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1985 to 2003, served as a cabinet minister in the government of Mike Harris. Marland worked as dental assistant in private life, she began her political career as a school trustee, serving on the Peel Board of Education from 1974 to 1978. From 1978 to 1985, she served as Mississauga City Councillor for Ward 2, she was a member of the board of governors for the Oakville-Trafalgar Hospital, served as governor of Sheridan College. Marland was elected to the Ontario legislature in the 1985 provincial election, defeating her Liberal opponent by about 1,500 votes in the traditionally Conservative riding of Mississauga South; the Tories won a minority government in this election, but were defeated in the house shortly thereafter. Marland supported Larry Grossman for the party leadership in late 1985. In the provincial election of 1987, she defeated Liberal candidate Claudette Mackay-Lassonde by only 599 votes to retain her seat.
The Tories were reduced to only 17 seats out of 130 in this election. In early 1990, Marland was named deputy house leader of her party. Marland was re-elected by a significant majority in the election of 1990, in which the Tories increased their standing to 20 seats, she again held a number of critic's roles in opposition. The Tories won a majority government in the provincial election of 1995, Marland was re-elected by a landslide in Mississauga South, she was not appointed to cabinet by Mike Harris, was defeated by Al McLean in her bid to become Speaker of the legislature. She was subsequently named chair of the Progressive Conservative caucus in recognition of her parliamentary experience; when McLean was forced to resign in disgrace in 1996, Marland was Harris's choice to be his replacement. On October 10, 1997, Marland was named a Minister without Portfolio in Harris's government with responsibility for Children, she was re-elected in the 1999 provincial election, was dropped from cabinet on February 7, 2001.
Although known as a strong regional representative, Marland was not a major player in the Harris government, was not brought back into cabinet by Ernie Eves when he replaced Harris as leader in 2002. Marland was favoured to be re-elected in the provincial election of 2003, but lost to Liberal Tim Peterson by only 234 votes in a Liberal sweep of the Mississauga area. Since her defeat, she has kept a low profile, but made a statement critical of Tim Peterson's automatic installation as PC candidate after he crossed the floor, saying that it was "despicable the way this has been dealt with." Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history
Tianshui Tram is a light rail system consisting of one route in Qinzhou District and Maiji District, Gansu, China. Construction started on July 15, 2018 and testing started in March 2019 on a 600 meter long test section; the total investment for the project is estimated at 2.446 billion Yuan. The first phase is expected to be in commercial operation in February 2020. Public transport in Tianshui is solely serviced by bus routes; the Tianshui Tram will be the first rail transport in Tianshui for local transit. Due to the spatial layout of Tianshui in an east-west river valley, all planned lines will follow the river. Tianshui government chose China Railway Signal & Communication to develop the tram line under a design-build-operate contract; the system will be the first revenue service of CRSC's new tram subsidiary, will function as a demonstration of their technology. There are 3 lines planned. Phase 1The first phase of Line 1, the only part of the tram network built, runs from Wulipu in Qinzhou District to Tianshui Railway Station, in Maiji District.
The tram tracks follow the Jie River, further along, the Wei River for the entire length and are built on a man-made raised riverbank. When completed, Line 1 will be 20.2 kilometres long, service 17 stations. Phase 1 of Line 1 was constructed by China Railway Signal & Communication Guizhou Construction Company and has no at-grade road intersections; the commercial operation is expected to commence in February 2020. Phase 2Phase 2 started construction in October 2019; the second phase of Line 1 is planned to deviate from the riverbank, passing through the commercial centre of Qinzhou District, terminating at Qinzhou West Bus Station. Station listServiceTrams will run every 10 minutes during peak-hours and every 15 minutes during regular hours. Line 2 is planned to split from Line 1 halfway crossing the Jie River, servicing Tianshui South railway station continuing through the southeast part of the built-up area in Maiji District, on the south bank of the Wei River and Jie River; the line will service 17 stations.
Line 3 will be 7.25 kilometres long and service 10 stations on the south bank of the Jie River in Qinzhou District. The rolling stock on Line 1 is constructed by China Railway Signal & Communication Vehicle Company in Changsha; the trams use supercapacitors to improve efficiency. The trams are low floor, have a maximum speed of 70 kilometres per hour and have 58 seats, a total carrying capacity of 370 persons; each tramset consists of five short wheelbase carriages. It is the first implementation of CRSC's new low floor trams, hence their name Pioneer