Walker & Gillette
For the American football player, see Walker Gillette Walker & Gillette was an architectural firm based in New York City, the partnership of Alexander Stewart Walker and Leon Narcisse Gillette, active from 1906 through 1945. Walker was a native of Jersey City, New Jersey, graduated from Harvard University in 1898. Leon Gillette, born in Malden, had attended the University of Pennsylvania and worked in several New York firms, such as Howells & Stokes and Warren & Wetmore, had attended the École des Beaux-Arts from 1901 through 1903; the two joined forces in 1906. Walker's wife, Sybil Kane Walker, was a decorator who worked with her husband on at least one commission, her father was Grenville Kane and longtime presence in the exclusive enclave of Tuxedo Park, New York, where Walker & Gillette received important early commissions. Her sister, Edith Brevoort Kane, married the son of George Fisher Baker. On the death of Gillette in 1945, Walker continued in business as'Walker & Poor' with Alfred Easton Poor.
Their notable commissions include the 1950 Parke-Bernet Galleries Building in New York City. After Walker's 1952 death, that firm would become known as'Swanke Hayden Connell'; the firm was stylistically versatile. Their commissions are not attributable to one partner or the other, apart from one source identifying Gillette as responsible for the Grasslands Hospital in East View, New York, several buildings in White Plains, New York, multiple buildings in the planned city of Venice, a housing project in Lake Charles, Louisiana; until about 1920, most of Walker & Gillette's work amounted to two kinds of society residences: New York City townhouses, suburban mansions. The latter as of 1915 were a step below the great Gilded Age Newport mansions of 30 years prior, but still elaborate enough to sometimes require 20 or 30 rooms, multiple outbuildings, customized features, their clients were bank presidents, industrialists and railroad heirs. Connected to the community of Tuxedo Park, New York through Walker's father-in-law, the firm designed numerous residences, including the 1908 Mary E. Scofield house, "Sho-Chiku-Bai", with landscape design by Takeo Shiota, as well as several additions to existing houses.
Their 16 houses on Long Island were designed for clients like Irving Brokaw, Ralph Pulitzer, Charles Lane Poor, William R. Coe; as to the townhouses in the city, the firm is credited with some fine examples and "the last great mansion to be built in New York", the 1932 Regency-style Loew house on East 93rd. Walker & Gillette ventured into commercial architecture in 1921 with great success, their New York Trust Company Bank at 100 Broadway, a conservative and modest skyscraper apart from its adventuresome marble color scheme inside, began a series of about a dozen neo-classical branch banks in the New York area through the late 1920s. Their 1927 National City Bank branch on Canal Street is the most significant. Came a number of major skyscrapers, notably the Industrial Trust Tower in Providence, which remains the tallest building in Rhode Island, the Fuller Building in New York, among others. One prominent civic commission was the seamless extension, to north and south, of the New-York Historical Society building on Central Park West between 76th and 77th Streets, carried out in 1938.
York and Sawyer's central block dating from 1908 was extended and sympathetically completed by pavilions on either end. This project stands among the last examples of Beaux-Arts architecture completed in the city and in the entire country. In sharp contrast the firm's most theatrical modernist building came the same year; that was the Electrical Products Building for the 1939 New York World's Fair, where an arch-headed blue slab tower intersected with a stepped curved structure, housing demonstrations of radical new uses of electricity: shaving, mixing cake batter, home sewing. St. George's-by-the-River Episcopal Church, New Jersey, for Mrs. Alice C. Strong as an English Gothic memorial to her late husband, 1907-1908. A cloister was added in 1945. Residence at 35 East 69th Street, New York City, 1910; the current occupant, The Episcopal School, a nursery school, subsequently added two additional stories. Manor house for the 2000-acre Aknusti Estate, in Delaware County, New York, for banker and horseman Robert Livingston Gerry, Sr. with landscape design by Olmsted Brothers, 1912 The Warren M. Salisbury estate, Massachusetts, with murals by American realist painter Everett Shinn, circa 1914 The 35-room Bingham-Hanna House, with landscape work by the Olmsted Brothers, Ohio, 1916–1919, now part of the Western Reserve Historical Society residence at 52 East 69th Street, New York City, 1917 the Neo-Georgian Henry P. Davison House, 690 Park Avenue, 1917 the Tudor-style Coe Hall, Planting Fields Arboretum, for William Robertson Coe, 1918–1921 Thomas W. Lamont house, 107 East 70th Street, 1921 refitting of the SS Leviathan, 1922–1923 several public buildings in the planned development of Venice, Florida in the mid-1920s, notably the Hotel Venice Charles E. Mitchell house, 934 Fifth Avenue, 1926.
This Roman palazzo was purchased by the Free French consul in 1942, has housed the French Consulate since 1952 East River Savings Bank, Amsterdam Avenue and 96th Street, 1927 Industrial Trust Tower, Rhode Island, still the tallest building in Rhode Island, 1927 13-story apartment house at 2 East 70th Street, with Rosario Candela, 1927–1928 "Brookby", the John W. Blodgett Estate, Ea
Los Angeles City Hall
Los Angeles City Hall, completed in 1928, is the center of the government of the city of Los Angeles and houses the mayor's office and the meeting chambers and offices of the Los Angeles City Council. It is located in the Civic Center district of downtown Los Angeles in the city block bounded by Main, Temple and Spring streets; the building was designed by John Parkinson, John C. Austin, Albert C. Martin, Sr. and was completed in 1928. Dedication ceremonies were held on April 26, 1928, it has 32 floors and, at 454 feet high, is the tallest base-isolated structure in the world, having undergone a seismic retrofit from 1998 to 2001 so that the building will sustain minimal damage and remain functional after a magnitude 8.2 earthquake. The concrete in its tower was made with sand from each of California's 58 counties and water from its 21 historical missions. City Hall's distinctive tower was based on the shape of the Mausoleum of Mausolus, shows the influence of the Los Angeles Public Library, completed shortly before the structure was begun.
An image of City Hall has been on Los Angeles Police Department badges since 1940. To keep the City's architecture harmonious, prior to the late 1950s the Charter of the City of Los Angeles did not permit any portion of any building other than a purely decorative tower to be more than 150 ft. Therefore, from its completion in 1928 until 1964, the City Hall was the tallest building in Los Angeles, shared the skyline with only a few structures having decorative towers, including the Richfield Tower and the Eastern Columbia Building. City Hall has an observation deck, free to the public and open Monday through Friday during business hours; the peak of the pyramid at the top of the building is an airplane beacon named in honor of Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh, cf Lindbergh Beacon. Circa 1939, there was an art gallery, in Room 351 on the third floor, that exhibited paintings by California artists; the building was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1976. In 1998 the building was closed during a total $135 million refurbishment which included upgrading it so it could withstand a magnitude 8.2 earthquake including permitting it to sway in a quake.
Prior to the completion of the current structure, the L. A. City Council utilized various other buildings: 1850s: used rented hotel and other buildings for City meetings 1860s: rented adobe house on Spring Street—across from current City Hall 1860s–1884: relocated to Los Angeles County Court House 1884–1888: moved to building at South Spring Street and West 2nd Street 1888–1928: moved to new Romanesque Revival building on 226-238 South Broadway between 2nd Street and 3rd Street; the Mayor of Los Angeles has an office in room 300 of this building and every Tuesday and Friday at 10:00am, the Los Angeles City Council meets in its chamber. City Hall and the adjacent federal and county buildings are served by the Civic Center station on the LA Metro Red Line and Purple Line; the Silver Line stops in front of the building. An observation level is open to the public on the 27th floor; the interior of this floor, comprises a single large and vaulted room distinguished by the iconic tall square columns that are far more familiar as one of the building's most distinguishing exterior features.
The Mayor Tom Bradley Room, as this large interior space is named, is used for ceremonies and other special occasions. The Los Angeles Dodgers wore a commemorative uniform patch during the 2018 season celebrating 60 years in the city depicting a logo of Los Angeles City Hall; the building has been featured in the following popular movies and television shows: Adventures of Superman: The building appears as the Daily Planet building beginning in the second season of the 1950s TV series. At the time the TV program was broadcast, the show's Daily Planet building was confused with the designed Pennsylvania Power & Light Building in Allentown built in 1928. Additionally, the exact design of this building is used as the Newstime magazine headquarters in the Superman comic books. Alias: A CIA black ops unit is located behind a maintenance door at Civic Station. Dragnet: The building appears as itself in the TV series; the first episode of Dragnet Season 1, Episode 1: "The Human Bomb", original air date 16 December 1951, was filmed at Los Angeles City Hall.
It was embossed on Sgt. Joe Friday's famous badge number 714, displayed under the credits. Perry Mason: The City Hall building appears in the view from Perry's office window; this has led viewers of the show to speculate where the fictional office would have been located in downtown Los Angeles. L. A. Confidential: The police in the 1997 neo-noir film operate out of the City hall, as well as the police badges featuring a depiction the building itself. At the time the film takes place no building in Los Angeles was allowed to be taller than City Hall, so the cameras were placed at certain points so that any building taller than City Hall would not be seen. Tower of Terror: In this 1997 made-for-TV movie, the main character's love interest works at a fictional newspaper, The Los Angeles Banner; the newspaper's logo is based on the top of the city hall. Adam-12: During the seventh season opening credits montage, City Hall is shown directly at the end, as the building that officers Reed and Malloy drive away from.
It is shown on the embossed badges numbered 744 and 2430. The 2003 Dragnet series used the L. A. City Hall building aerial shot and badge throughout its introduction. War of the Worlds: The Ci
50 Kennedy Plaza
50 Kennedy Plaza is a Postmodern skyscraper in Providence, Rhode Island. At a height of 285 ft, it is the sixth-tallest building in the city and state; the building is named for Kennedy Plaza. Built by Gilbane Building Company, notable occupants with headquarters in the building include Fortune 1000 company Nortek, Inc. and private equity firm Providence Equity Partners. Its exterior façade is done in "granite framing green-reflective-glass side elevations", its location, sandwiched between the 125 m One Financial Center and the 130 m Industrial National Bank Building, ostensibly detracts from its height with architectural historian Wm Woodward calling it, "a trifle too low for the site", though in the company of the aforementioned buildings, it forms part of one of the most identifiable parts of the Providence skyline. It is this section of the Providence skyline, featured on the animated television series Family Guy; the building, now known as 100 Westminster St. has been owned by Paolino Properties since 2014
A. & L. Tirocchi Gowns
A.& L. Tirocchi Gowns was a business founded in 1911 in Providence, Rhode Island, by sisters Anna and Laura Tirocchi, they were dressmakers whose custom work was well known during the'30s. They specialized in custom-designed, sumptuous gowns for the city's elite women, produced in their multi-story house on Broadway, which housed the custom business and their family, they operated their business despite competition from retail manufactured clothing. The sisters and their business are notable because the quarters were preserved by the family in situ after it closed in 1947; the contents were donated in 1989 to Rhode Island School of Design which, with Brown University and the University of Rhode Island, worked for years to inventory and catalog the records and materials. In 2001 the business was the subject of an exhibition at the RISD Museum. Community efforts have been made since 2011 to restore and find new uses for what is now known as Wedding Cake House, which their family occupied from 1915 to 1989.
Anna and Laura Tirocchi were half-sisters born into a landowning family in the working-class town of Guarcino, Italy. They had different fathers, they received high-quality training in dressmaking and design in Rome, where they moved with their mother. In 1908, the sisters left Rome and immigrated to New York, when Anna was in her mid-thirties and Laura around twenty years old, they settled in Providence, Rhode Island by 1911. Several family members were living in the city, there was a considerable Italian immigrant population. After six months of working under an established dressmaker, Rose Zarr, the Tirocchis set up their own business, they set up shop. They worked from room 438, lived with a cousin on Pocasset Avenue. From their earliest years in the business, the sisters attracted enough demand to hire additional stitchers; the Butler Exchange was a center of custom retail activity at the time for upper-class women, who patronized the milliners and shoemakers. They studied with or brought their children to numerous music teachers who worked in the building.
Despite competition, the quality of the Tirocchi sisters’ work swiftly attracted clients and recognition. This elite client base was what Anna preferred, she was the leader of the business. After Laura received an inheritance from her father, quite well off, they were able to move to a part of town that suited Anna's fashionable taste. Broadway Street, in what is now known as the historic armory district on the West Side, was a more elegant part of the city, they purchased an elegant, three-story house, constructed in 1867, most of its furnishings from the widowed Mrs. George Prentice. Laura became engaged to a young physician, Dr. Louis J. Cella, they married; the Tirocchis allowed Mrs. Prentice to live in the property until May 1915, when the Cella family and Anna Tirocchi moved in. 514 Broadway was suited to their business. The three-story house was a mix of Italianate styles; the Broadway house resembled the mansions of the Tirocchis’ clientele, they felt comfortable in its lavish surroundings.
For the first ten years of business, the Tirocchis operated their custom design business on the second floor, clients were invited to use an elevator to reach it. Dr. Cella's medical practice was located on the first floor, along with the office of the family bookkeeper. In 1917 they built an addition to the side of the house, he may have specialized in venereal disease. He was elected as the district alderman and he was active in advocating for clean water in the city, at a time when infrastructure was under construction. By the 1930s, Dr. Cella had become a medical missionary in China and spent long periods of time away from Providence; the house had been beautifully furnished. The second floor was used for the public parts of the dressmakiing business; the Red Room and Blue Room – so named because of the color of their wallpapers – were used as glamorous fitting rooms. They were lace covered the armchairs; the neighboring billiards room was used as a showroom for fabrics. The sisters would drape some over the billiards table and folded other luxury fabrics for display in windowed cabinets.
The atmosphere was opulent into the cash-strapped forties. The house's third floor contained the family's living quarters. Up to fourteen young women, called'girls', would have been working in the shop. Five members of the Tirocchi-Cella family lived in the house at any given time. Whole rooms were devoted to the storage of fabrics and custom dress forms for clients. Parts of the public second floor were put to use as storage for the many materials used by the business. Anna cultivated a sense of affluence for her family, toward her clients; as a seamstress – one who ran her own business – she was in the middle class of Providence. She worked to engender a sense of financial security for her gain respect; the Tirocchis had owned land in Italy, Anna meant to achieve that status in Providence. During a period of good business, she bought a summer cottage at Narragansett Pier, she rented it out in the forties when custom business slowed. Before this large purchase, she invested in other properties in Providence.
Her property on Broadway included lots on neighboring streets, which she rented to businesses for decades. In addition, she owned a gas sta
One Financial Plaza (Providence)
One Financial Plaza known as the Sovereign Bank Tower and known as the Hospital Trust Tower, is an international-style skyscraper in the heart of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. Standing as the second-tallest building in Providence, its taut-skin cladding is done in pre-cast concrete and travertine; the building is topped with a wide masonry cap surrounded by lights. Atop its roof is the highest helicopter pad in the state of Rhode Island; the Hospital Trust Tower was built to house the institution responsible for funding Rhode Island Hospital, is next to the original Rhode Island Hospital Trust Building. William McKenzie Woodward, a well-known architectural historian and staff member of the Rhode Island Historical Preservation & Heritage Commission, does not agree aesthetically with the building, calling it a "lackluster addition to both the street and the skyline" saying that its "blunt mass" is made "all the more graceless" by its travertine curtain wall. Being the second tallest building, One Financial Plaza is one of the three buildings featured in the Providence skyline seen in the television series Family Guy.
One Financial Plaza
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state
The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics in association with Superman. The newspaper was first mentioned in Action Comics #23; the Daily Planet building's most distinguishing and famous feature is the enormous globe that sits on top of the building. The newspaper is based in the fictional city of Metropolis, employs Clark Kent, Lois Lane, Jimmy Olsen, with Perry White as its editor-in-chief; the building's original features appear to be based upon the Old Toronto Star Building, where Superman co-creator Joe Shuster was a newsboy when the Toronto Star was still called the Daily Star. Shuster has claimed. However, over the years, Metropolis has served as a fictional analogue to New York City; when Superman first appeared in comics, his alter ego Clark Kent worked for a newspaper named the Daily Star, under editor George Taylor. Superman co-creator Joe Shuster named the Daily Star after the Toronto Daily Star newspaper in Toronto, the newspaper that Shuster's parents received and for which Shuster had worked as a newsboy.
It was not until years that the fictional paper became the Daily Planet. While choosing a name for the fictitious newspaper, consideration was given to combining the names of The Globe and Mail and the Daily Star to become The Daily Globe, but when the comic strip appeared, the newspaper's name was permanently made the Daily Planet to avoid a name conflict with real newspapers. In Superman #5, the publisher of the Daily Planet is shown to be Burt Mason, a man, determined to print the truth when corrupt politician Alex Evell threatens him. In Superman #6, Mason gives free printing equipment to The Gateston Gazette after its editor, Jim Tirrell, is killed and its equipment is destroyed by racketeers that Tirrell insisted on reporting; when DC made use of its multiverse means of continuity tracking between the early 1960s and mid-1980s, it was declared that the Daily Star was the newspaper's name in the Golden Age or "Earth-Two" versions of Clark Kent, Lois Lane and Jimmy Olsen, while the Daily Planet was used in the Silver Age or "Earth-One" versions.
The Clark Kent of Earth-Two became the editor-in-chief of the Daily Star, something his Earth-One counterpart did not achieve. In the Silver and Bronze Age universes, Clark's first contact with the Daily Planet came when reporter Perry White came to Smallville to write a story about Superboy, wound up getting an interview where the Boy of Steel first revealed his extraterrestrial origins; the story resulted in Perry earning a Pulitzer Prize. During Clark Kent's years in college, Perry White was promoted to editor-in-chief upon the retirement of the Daily Planet's previous editor, the Earth-One version of George Taylor. After graduating from Metropolis University with a degree in journalism, Clark Kent went to work at the Planet, met Lois Lane. After Clark was hired, Jimmy Olsen joined the paper's staff. In 1971, the Daily Planet was purchased by president of the Galaxy Broadcasting System. Edge proceeded to integrate Metropolis television station WGBS-TV's studios into the Daily Planet building, named Clark Kent as the anchor for the WGBS evening news.
Clark's former schoolmate from Smallville Lana Lang joined Clark as a co-anchor. After the 1985–1986 miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths, many of these elements, including Morgan Edge buying the Daily Planet, were retroactively changed or eliminated from the Superman canon. In the post-Crisis comics' canon, years before Clark or Lois began working for the paper, Lex Luthor owned the Daily Planet; when Luthor, deciding to sell the paper, began taking bids for the Planet, Perry White convinced an international conglomerate, TransNational Enterprises, to buy the paper. They agreed to this venture with only one stipulation: that Perry White would become editor-in-chief. White had served as the Planet editor-in-chief since, barring the few times he was absent. During those times people such as Sam Foswell and Clark Kent have looked after the paper. Franklin Stern, an old friend of White's, became the Daily Planet's publisher; the Planet saw its share of rough times during White's tenure. For example, it had many violent worker strikes.
The building itself, along with most of the city, was destroyed during the "Fall of Metropolis" storyline. The Planet building sustained heavy damages after the villain Doomsday's rampage. Franklin Stern decided to put the paper up for sale. Lex Luthor, disliking the heavy criticism of himself and his company that the Planet became noted for, purchased the Daily Planet and subsequently closed the paper down. Luthor fired every employee of the newspaper except for four people: Simone D'Neige, Dirk Armstrong, Jimmy Olsen, Lois Lane; as a final insult, Luthor saw to it that the Planet globe was unceremoniously dumped in the Metropolis landfill. In the Planet's place emerged "LexCom," a news-oriented Internet website that catered to Luthor's views of "quality journalism." After Lois Lane made a deal with Luthor where, in exchange for him returning the Planet to Perry, she would kill one story of his choosing with no questions asked, Luthor sold the Daily Planet to Perry White for the token sum of one dollar.
The paper was reinstated, rehiring all of its old staff. Sometime ownership of the Planet fell into the hands