Soviet Census (1989)
The census found the total population to be 286,730,819 inhabitants. In 1989, the Soviet Union ranked as the third most populous in the world, above the United States, although it was well behind China and India. In 1989, about half of the Soviet Unions total population lived in the Russian SFSR, almost two-thirds of the population was urban, leaving the rural population with some 34. 3%. In this way, its gradual increase continued, as shown by the represented by 47. 9%,56. 3% and 62. 3% of 1959,1970 and 1979 respectively. The previous postwar censuses, conducted in 1959,1970 and 1979, had enumerated 208,826,650,241,720,134, and 262,436,227 inhabitants respectively. In 1990, the Soviet Union was more populated than both the United States and Canada together, having some 40 million more inhabitants than the U. S. alone. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991, the next census was possibly planned for 1999. Research Guide to Russian and Soviet Censuses, Cornell University Press,1986, Population change in the Soviet Union, 1979-1989, Vol.75, Pt.3, No.
Subjects of Russia, on the www. statoids. com website
The Mulyanka, referred as Upper Mulyanka, is a small river in Perm Krai, Russia which flows in the city of Perm and nearby Permsky District and is a left tributary of the Kama River. The proximity of industry has a heavy influence on the river ecology. The Mulyanka is 52 kilometres long, and the area of its basin is 460.7 square kilometres. Mulyanka has 35 tributaries, the largest of them is its left tributary, the origin of Mulyanka is in the Permsky District of Perm Krai. It mainly flows along the west outskirts of the part of Perms. The village of Verkhniye Mully, one of the oldest historical settlements in the borders of modern Perm, is situated at the banks of the Mulyanka, since 1958 it belongs to Industrialny City District of Perm. There are following bridges over Mulyanka in Industrialny City District, Bridge at Leonov Street, Mulyanka flows along the edge of Chernyayevsky Forest and crosses the borders of Industrialny and Dzerzhinsky City Districts. In Dzerzhinsky District it flows between Parkovy and Zaostrovka microdistricts and is crossed by following bridges, The pedestrian bridge, the bridge at Stroiteley Street has been opened July 13,2007.
It connects Parkovy microdistrict with Krasavinsky bridge, the construction of bridge began in 2005 and costs 796.26 millions rubles. The bridge at 1st Trudovaya Street is last and it is situated near the mouth of the Mulyanka. The mouth of the Mulyanka is in the Zheleznodorozhny microdistrict of Dzerzhinsky City District of Perm, the width of the Mulyanka is frequently changing and in some places reaches 400 metres. Mulyanka is not included in the list of rivers of Perm Krai, which consists of Kama, Sylva. Unlike most rivers of Perm Krai, whose toponymy is considered to be Permic, the researchers of history of Perm Krai connect it with Tatarian prince Mametkul, who settled in the region before or during the reign of Ivan the Terrible and was an imam, or mullah. His elder son, Urak-bey Mametkulov, lived at the Upper Mulyanka, so came the names of this rivers and the villages Verkhniye Mully and Nizhniye Mully, respectively. More old Pre-Turkic names of rivers were lost. In 1722, Georg Wilhelm de Gennin, manager of Ural State Factories and master Cimmerman, the test results confirmed de Gennins intention to start the construction of Yegoshikha copper smelting factory which resulted in the foundation of Perm city.
Mulyanka runs along the borders of the city of Perm and is contaminated by waste, such at that of stock-breeding farms. Mulyanka is influenced by the adjacency of oil refinery of JSC LUKOIL-Permnefteorgsintez which was put into operation in 1958 and this makes it unsuitable for drinking and fish farming even after preliminary processing
Russian Census (2010)
The Russian Census of 2010 is the first census of the Russian Federation population since 2002 and the second after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Preparations for the census began in 2007 and it took place between October 14 and October 25, the census was originally scheduled for October 2010, but was moved to 2013 allegedly for financial reasons, although it was speculated that political motives were influential in the decision. However, in late 2009 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced that the Government of Russia allocated 10.5 billion rubles in order to conduct the census as originally scheduled, Results showed the population to stand at 142.9 million. Since the previous 2002 census, population has decreased by 2.3 million, according to the 2010 census, urban population is 105.3 million, rural population is 37.5 million. The urbanisation rate is currently 73. 7%, the median age is 38 years. The ethnic composition is dominated by Russians, demographics of Russia Russian Census 2010 final results Results of 2010 All-Russia population census Official website of the 2010 Census
Perm is a city and the administrative center of Perm Krai, located on the banks of the Kama River in the European part of Russia near the Ural Mountains. According to the 2010 Census, Perms population is 991,162, as of the 2010 Census, the city was the thirteenth most populous in Russia. From 1940 to 1957 it was named Molotov, the name Perm is of Finno-Ugric etymology, likely of Uralic origin. Komi is a member of the Permic group of Finno-Ugric languages, in Finnish and Vepsian perämaa means far-away land, similarly, in Hungarian perem means edge or verge. The geologic period of the Permian takes its name from the toponym, the city is located on the bank of the Kama River upon hilly terrain. The Kama is the tributary of the Volga River and one of the deepest and most picturesque rivers of Russia. This river is the waterway which grants the Ural Mountains access to the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Sea of Azov, Black Sea, the Kama divides the city into two parts, the central part and the right bank part.
The city stretches for 70 kilometers along the Kama and 40 kilometers across it, the city street grid parallels the Kama River, traveling generally east-west, while other main streets run perpendicularly to those following the river. The grid pattern accommodates the hills of the city where it crosses them, another distinguishing feature of the citys relief is the large quantity of small rivers and brooks. The largest of them are the Mulyanka, the Yegoshikha, the Motovilikha, Perm has a continental climate with warm summers and long, cold winters. Perm is located in the old Perman area, which was inhabited by Finno-Ugric peoples. Perm was first mentioned as the village of Yagoshikha in 1647, vasily Tatishchev, appointed by the Tsar as a chief manager of Ural factories, founded Perm together with another major center of the Ural region, Yekaterinburg. In 1870, a theater was opened in the city. In 1916, Perm State University—a major educational institution in modern Russia—was opened, after the outbreak of the Russian Civil War, Perm became a prime target for both sides because of its military munitions factories.
On December 25,1918, the Siberian White Army under Anatoly Pepelyayev, on July 1,1919, the city was retaken by the Red Army. In the 1930s, Perm grew as an industrial city with aviation, shipbuilding. During the Great Patriotic War, Perm was a center of artillery production in the Soviet Union. During the cold war, Perm became a closed city, the city is a major administrative, industrial and cultural center
Russian Census (2002)
Russian Census of 2002 was the first census of the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, carried out on October 9 through October 16,2002. It was carried out by the Russian Federal Service of State Statistics, the census data were collected as of midnight October 9,2002. The census was intended to collect statistical information about the resident population of Russian Federation. All detailed census tables are for the resident population, a sample of the participants were asked more detailed questions about their economic and housing situation. Also, the census counted two more groups of people, Russian citizens currently living abroad for more one year in connection with the employment with the federal government. Persons permanently residing abroad, but temporarily present in Russia, Foreign citizens present in Russia as employees of foreign diplomatic missions or international organizations, and members of their household, were excluded from the census altogether.
The Census recorded the resident population of 145,166,731 persons and that included urban population of 106,429,000 and rural population of 38,738,000. The non-resident populations included, Russian citizens living abroad in connection with the government service,107,288. Census participants were asked what country they were citizens of,142,442,000 respondents reported being Russian citizens, among them,44,000 had citizenship of another country. Among Russias resident population,1,025,413 foreign citizens and 429,881 stateless persons were counted,1,269,023 persons did not report their citizenship. Among the questions asked were Are you competent in the Russian language, and What other languages are you competent in. As the census manual explained, competence meant either the ability to speak and write a language, the questions did not distinguish native and non-native speakers, nor did they try to measure the degree of language competence. For small children, the answer was based on the language spoken by the parents.
142.6 million of the responders claimed competence in Russian, other widely reported languages are listed in the table below. 1.42 million responders did not provide language information, for a more detailed list, see List of languages of Russia. Demographics of Russia Russian Empire Census Soviet Census Official census home page Population of Chechnya, was the Census correct
Dzerzhinsky City District, Perm
Dzerzhinsky City District is one of the seven city districts of Perm. The city district is called after Felix Dzerzhinsky, a Soviet revolutionary, the city district is situated on both banks of the Kama River. Two other rivers flowing through it are the Mulyanka and the Danilikha, lenina Street, Plekhanova Street, and Parkovy Avenue are the largest streets in the district. Park Avenue was formerly named Voroshilov Avenue until the late 1980s
Chernyayevsky Forest is a forest in the city of Perm, Russia, in Industrialny and Dzerzhinsky city districts. The total area of forest in 2003 was 689.9 ha, the forest is under direction of Municipal Establishment Perm City Forestry. The basic types of growing in the forest are Scots Pine, Siberian Spruce. Birch and Aspen are present, there are more than 50 species of plants growing on the glades. Most of them are grassy perennials, there are food, medicinal and weed plants among them. 14 species of plants are rare and need protection, a quantity of species of birds live in the forest. Squirrels and hares lived there formerly, but today anthropogenic influence have aggravated the condition of vegetation, in 2005 Municipal Establishment Perm City Forestry put up 80 artificial nests. At the territory of forest Recreation park Balatovo is situated and it was founded February 1,1967