Infante Fernando of Bourbon and Braganza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Infante Fernando
FernandodeBourbon.jpg
Born (1824-10-19)19 October 1824
El Escorial, Madrid, Spain
Died 2 January 1861(1861-01-02) (aged 36)
Brunnsee
Burial Cathedral of St. Just, Trieste
Full name
Fernando Maria Jose
House House of Bourbon
Father Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
Mother Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal

Infante Fernando of Bourbon and Braganza (full name: Fernando Maria Jose) (19 October 1824 – 2 January 1861) was a member of the Spanish Royal Family, and a supporter Carlist. He lived most of his life in exile with his father and brothers.

Biography[edit]

Fernando[1] was born in El Escorial, Madrid, in 1824, during the reign of his uncle, Fernando VII. It was the third and youngest son of Infante Carlos, Count of Molina and his first wife, Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal. His olders brothers were infants Carlos Luis and Juan. Her paternal grandparents were Carlos IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma; her maternal grandparents were King John VI of Portugal and his wife, Infanta Carlota Joaquina of Spain. Genealogy of the Bourbon Dynasty: He was raised in an atmosphere imbued with traditional values of loyalty to the monarchy and the Church.

Life in court[edit]

When Fernando VII was widowed for third time in 1829, it had no legitimate issue that could succeed him after his death. Given his advanced age and failing health, was unlikely marriage contrajese again, which became the infant Carlos, father of Infante Fernando, heir to the throne. Around the infant, a clique of conservative and religious who opposed to the liberalism that prevailed in the Madrid Court, which would end even more when Fernando VII married his niece, Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the same year was concentrated, and became father of two daughters, Isabella and Luisa Fernanda.

Suddenly, the succession was assured through the two girls. Carlos opposed the succession of his infant niece Queen Isabella II, whose mother the Queen Regent Maria Christina, managed to take control on behalf of her daughter.

Life in exile[edit]

In 1833, Carlos, was exiled to Portugal, taking his family with him, including the young Fernando. Later, in June 1834 Fernando moved with his family to England, where they lived at Gloucester Lodge, Old Brompton Road, and later at Alverstoke Old Rectory, Hampshire. It was in England, where a year later Fernando's mother, Infanta Maria Francisca, died. Her sons were in charge of their father and her older sister, Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira, who eventually married Carlos in 1838 during a brief stay of the family in Spain during the First Carlist War.

By decree of the Queen Regent, Carlos and his descendants ceased to legally hold the titles of Infantes of Spain in 1834. The gap between the two branches of the Bourbon family, Elizabethan and Carlist would never close. Thereafter, the infant Fernando lived under the shadow of his father, and after his brothers. He never married, and not was regarded as a pawn of marital politics of his family. Faithfully supported the cause of his father, but the failure of the Chartists in the First Carlist War and suffering poverty forced them to go wandering around Europe. The infant Fernando settled in the city of Trieste (in present Italy) with his family. There his father died in 1855.

Death[edit]

In 1860, during a Carlist rising, he and his brother Infante Carlos Luis were taken prisoners at San Carlos de la Rápita. They were later liberated. In 1861, suddenly and unexpectedly, Fernando, his brother Carlos and his wife Carolina died, probably from typhus. The three are buried in Trieste, in the chapel of Saint Charles Borromeo in the cathedral.

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van de Pas, Leo. "Infant Fernando of Spain". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2012-06-05.