Robert Thomas Christgau is an American essayist and music journalist. One of the earliest professional rock critics, he spent 37 years as the chief music critic and senior editor for The Village Voice, during which time he created and oversaw the annual Pazz & Jop poll, he has covered popular music for Esquire, Newsday, Rolling Stone, Billboard, NPR, MSN Music, was a visiting arts teacher at New York University. Christgau is known for his terse, letter-graded capsule album reviews, first published in his "Consumer Guide" columns during his tenure at The Village Voice from 1969 to 2006, he has authored three books based on those columns, including Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies and Christgau's Record Guide: The'80s, along with two collections of essays. He continued writing reviews in this format for MSN Music and Noisey—Vice's music section—where they are published in his "Expert Witness" column. Christgau was born in Greenwich Village and grew up in Queens, the son of a fireman.
He has said he became a rock and roll fan when disc jockey Alan Freed moved to the city in 1954. After attending a public school in New York City, he left New York for four years to attend Dartmouth College, graduating in 1962 with a B. A. in English. While at college his musical interests turned to jazz, but he returned to rock after moving back to New York. Christgau has said that Miles Davis' 1960 album Sketches of Spain initiated in him "one phase of the disillusionment with jazz that resulted in my return to rock and roll", he was influenced by New Journalism writers such as Gay Talese and Tom Wolfe. "My ambitions when I went into journalism were always, to an extent, literary", Christgau said. Christgau wrote short stories, before giving up fiction in 1964 to become a sportswriter, a police reporter for the Newark Star-Ledger, he became a freelance writer after a story he wrote about the death of a woman in New Jersey was published by New York magazine. Christgau was among the first dedicated rock critics.
He was asked to take over the dormant music column at Esquire, which he began writing in June 1967. After Esquire discontinued the column, Christgau moved to The Village Voice in 1969, he worked as a college professor. From early on in his emergence as a critic, Christgau was conscious of his lack of formal knowledge of music. In a 1968 piece he commented: I don't know anything about music, which ought to be a damaging admission but isn't... The fact is that pop writers in general shy away from such arcana as key signature and beats to the measure... I used to confide my worries about this to friends in the record industry, they didn't know anything about music either. The technical stuff didn't matter, I was told. You just gotta dig it. In early 1972, he accepted a full-time job as music critic for Newsday. Christgau returned to the Village Voice in 1974 as music editor, he remained there until August 2006, when he was fired shortly after the paper's acquisition by New Times Media. Two months Christgau became a contributing editor at Rolling Stone.
Late in 2007, Christgau was fired by Rolling Stone, although he continued to work for the magazine for another three months. Starting with the March 2008 issue, he joined Blender, where he was listed as "senior critic" for three issues and "contributing editor". Christgau had been a regular contributor to Blender, he continued to write for Blender until the magazine ceased publication in March 2009. In 1987, he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in the field of "Folklore and Popular Culture" to study the history of popular music. Christgau has written for Playboy and Creem, he appears about the Replacements. He taught during the formative years of the California Institute of the Arts; as of 2007, he was an adjunct professor in the Clive Davis Department of Recorded Music at New York University. In August 2013, Christgau revealed in an article written for Barnes & Noble's website that he is writing a memoir. On July 15, 2014, Christgau debuted a monthly column on Billboard's website. Christgau is best known for his "Consumer Guide" columns, which have been published more-or-less monthly since July 10, 1969, in the Village Voice, as well as a brief period in Creem.
In its original format, the "Consumer Guide" consisted of 18 to 20 single-paragraph album reviews, each of, given a letter grade ranging from A+ to E−. These reviews were collected and extensively revised in a three-volume book series, the first of, published in 1981 as Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. In his original grading system from 1969 to 1990, albums were given a grade ranging from A+ to E-. Under this system, Christgau considered a B+ or higher to be a personal recommendation, he noted. In 1990, Christgau changed the format of the "Consumer Guide" to focus more on the albums. B+ records that Christgau deemed "unworthy of a full review" were given brief comments and star marks ranging from three down to one, denoting an honorable mention", records which Christgau believed may be of interest to their own target audience. Lesser albums were filed under categories such as "Neither" and "Duds" (which indicated bad records and were listed without fur
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew on the genres of blues and blues, from country music. Rock music drew on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, incorporated influences from jazz and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar as part of a rock group with electric bass and one or more singers. Rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become diverse. Like pop music, lyrics stress romantic love but address a wide variety of other themes that are social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, southern rock, raga rock, jazz-rock, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock, influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene.
New genres that emerged included progressive rock. In the second half of the 1970s, punk rock reacted by producing stripped-down, energetic social and political critiques. Punk was an influence in the 1980s on new wave, post-punk and alternative rock. From the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break into the mainstream in the form of grunge and indie rock. Further fusion subgenres have since emerged, including pop punk, electronic rock, rap rock, rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and techno-pop revivals at the beginning of the 2000s. Rock music has embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major subcultures including mods and rockers in the UK and the hippie counterculture that spread out from San Francisco in the US in the 1960s. 1970s punk culture spawned the goth and emo subcultures. Inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race and drug use, is seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.
The sound of rock is traditionally centered on the amplified electric guitar, which emerged in its modern form in the 1950s with the popularity of rock and roll. It was influenced by the sounds of electric blues guitarists; the sound of an electric guitar in rock music is supported by an electric bass guitar, which pioneered in jazz music in the same era, percussion produced from a drum kit that combines drums and cymbals. This trio of instruments has been complemented by the inclusion of other instruments keyboards such as the piano, the Hammond organ, the synthesizer; the basic rock instrumentation was derived from the basic blues band instrumentation. A group of musicians performing rock music is termed as a rock group. Furthermore, it consists of between three and five members. Classically, a rock band takes the form of a quartet whose members cover one or more roles, including vocalist, lead guitarist, rhythm guitarist, bass guitarist and keyboard player or other instrumentalist. Rock music is traditionally built on a foundation of simple unsyncopated rhythms in a 4/4 meter, with a repetitive snare drum back beat on beats two and four.
Melodies originate from older musical modes such as the Dorian and Mixolydian, as well as major and minor modes. Harmonies range from the common triad to parallel perfect fourths and fifths and dissonant harmonic progressions. Since the late 1950s and from the mid 1960s onwards, rock music used the verse-chorus structure derived from blues and folk music, but there has been considerable variation from this model. Critics have stressed the eclecticism and stylistic diversity of rock; because of its complex history and its tendency to borrow from other musical and cultural forms, it has been argued that "it is impossible to bind rock music to a rigidly delineated musical definition." Unlike many earlier styles of popular music, rock lyrics have dealt with a wide range of themes, including romantic love, rebellion against "The Establishment", social concerns, life styles. These themes were inherited from a variety of sources such as the Tin Pan Alley pop tradition, folk music, rhythm and blues.
Music journalist Robert Christgau characterizes rock lyrics as a "cool medium" with simple diction and repeated refrains, asserts that rock's primary "function" "pertains to music, or, more noise." The predominance of white and middle class musicians in rock music has been noted, rock has been seen as an appropriation of black musical forms for a young and male audience. As a result, it has been seen to articulate the concerns of this group in both style and lyrics. Christgau, writing in 1972, said in spite of some exceptions, "rock and roll implies an identification of male sexuality and aggression". Since the term "rock" started being used in preference to "rock and roll" from the late-1960s, it has been contrasted with pop music, with which it has shared many characteristics, but from wh
Adam Michael Goldstein, known professionally as DJ AM, was an American disc jockey. Born in Philadelphia, Goldstein became interested in deejaying as a child after watching Herbie Hancock perform his 1983 single "Rockit". Goldstein developed a drug addiction as a teenager and was sent to the controversial rehabilitation center Straight, Incorporated. After he left the center, his drug problems became worse. After he attempted suicide in 1997, Goldstein became sober and sponsored other addicts through Alcoholics Anonymous. Goldstein began deejaying in clubs in Los Angeles and joined the band Crazy Town in 1999, he left the group in 2001 and focused on a career as a solo DJ. After he began dating Nicole Richie in 2003, his career skyrocketed. In 2006, he accepted a $1 million contract to perform weekly at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas strip and was charging upwards of $10,000 for private events. In 2008 Goldstein and Travis Barker formed the duo TRV$DJAM. Barker and Goldstein were the only two survivors of the 2008 South Carolina Learjet 60 crash, which killed the other four people on board.
Goldstein appeared as himself in several television series, contributed mixes to and portrayed a playable character in the video game DJ Hero, filmed a cameo appearance for Iron Man 2. Goldstein hosted the 2009 MTV drug intervention series Gone Too Far, he appeared to be struggling with his addiction during filming. On August 28, 2009, he was found dead in his New York City apartment from a drug overdose; the DJ AM Memorial Fund, an organization designed to help people struggling with drug addiction, was launched in his memory by his sister, Iron Man 2, released in 2010, was dedicated to him. Adam Michael Goldstein was born on March 1973, in Philadelphia, his parents and Herbert – both of whom were Jewish – had been unable to conceive children and they had adopted Goldstein's older sister Lara a year before his birth. Goldstein's mother left her husband temporarily after she caught him having extramarital sex with another man. During this time she had an affair herself, she found out she was pregnant with Adam after returning to her husband.
While pregnant, she discovered her husband had been adulterous a second time, she angrily disclosed to him that he was not the biological father of her baby. Goldstein stated; as an adult, he realized that this was due to resentment that Goldstein was not his biological son. Goldstein witnessed his father using cocaine and marijuana throughout his childhood. Goldstein said he began overeating as a way of dealing with anger and depression, becoming obese by the age of 10, he began experimenting with alcohol when he was 11. After watching Herbie Hancock perform "Rockit" with Grand Mixer DXT at the 26th Annual Grammy Awards in 1984, Goldstein became obsessed with deejaying, realized that it was what he wanted to do for a career, he attended the Quaker school Friends' Central. When he was 14, Herbert was incarcerated for committing bank fraud, his mother subsequently moved to Los Angeles with Goldstein and his sister. In Los Angeles, Goldstein associated with a crowd of heavy drug users. At 16, he asked for help with his drug problems.
She arranged for him to attend Straight, Incorporated, a drug rehabilitation center, revealed to abuse patients. Goldstein disclosed that he was physically spat on by staff while there. At one point, he escaped from the facility, but was arrested and brought back after being recognized at Knott's Berry Farm. While he was in rehab, his mother visited him and disclosed that Herbert was not his biological father, was homosexual, was dying from HIV/AIDS. Goldstein said," attacking one of his counselors, he was indicted and dismissed from rehab for his treatment of younger patients shortly before his 18th birthday. Herbert died the following year. After leaving rehab, Goldstein nitrous oxide, he started deejaying. Goldstein started using crack cocaine by the age of 20, he said that taking the drug and deejaying were "about all he did" for the next four years of his life. He would disappear from friends and family for days at a time. In 1997, he attempted suicide. Shortly afterwards, a friend encouraged Goldstein to become sober.
He began attending Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, avoided his friends who still took drugs, dedicated himself to working as a DJ. Goldstein relapsed after 90 days, but subsequently restarted and completed the program. People who complete the AA program are encouraged to sponsor other addicts through the recovery process. Goldstein's stage name, "DJ AM", stands for Adam Michael. After playing for his friends and at private parties for some time, Goldstein got his first paying job as a DJ at an unlicensed club in Los Angeles at the age of 21, where he earned $40 and a six-pack of beer for a night's work, he worked there for two years. A visiting promoter, impressed with Goldstein's performance, offered him a deejaying job at the Hollywood club The Dragonfly. Goldstein met Shifty Shellshock through the nightclub scene, he was asked to join the rap/rock group Crazy Town in 1999, he contributed to their 2000 hit "Butterfly". According
Lovehatetragedy is the third album by the American rock band Papa Roach. It was released on June 18, 2002. A re-recorded version of the song "M-80" was featured in the game Amplitude; the song "She Loves Me Not" was featured in the game NHL 2003. The songs "She Loves Me Not" and "Walking Thru Barbed Wire" were recorded in 1999, with the former appearing on the band's 1999 demo and the latter on the... Let'Em Know! EP. Despite peaking at higher positions on most charts worldwide, the album failed to catch the success of the band's previous album Infest. According to Papa Roach, the band wanted to incorporate more singing over rapping into their music. However, although Lovehatetragedy does not have as much rapping as Infest, some tracks do feature rapping. Lovehatetragedy was the band's last album to feature a nu metal sound and rapping until the release of The Connection a decade in 2012; the album is Papa Roach's last album to feature their classic logo, used on Infest and their independent EP Let'Em Know, released in 1999.
The album begins to showcase the singing melodies that lead vocalist Jacoby Shaddix would use in the follow-up albums but still retains some rapping like its predecessor. Lovehatetragedy is Papa Roach's last album under DreamWorks Records, absorbed by Geffen in 2003. Papa Roach was signed under Geffen until 2010. Bonus tracks UK edition The album has sold more than 500,000 copies, achieving Gold certification in the U. S, it was certified Gold in Canada and in the UK and has sold over 3,000,000 copies worldwide. It peaked at number two on the Billboard 200 by selling approximatively 136,000 copies in its first week, was well received by music critics, gaining an average score of 75 on Metacritic, as well as by fans despite some divide. Papa RoachJacoby Shaddix – lead vocals Jerry Horton – guitar, backing vocals Tobin Esperance – bass, backing vocals Dave Buckner – drums
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Papa Roach is an American rock band from Vacaville, formed in 1993. The original lineup consisted of lead vocalist Jacoby Shaddix, guitarist Jerry Horton, drummer Dave Buckner, bassist Will James, trombonist Ben Luther. After the band released two EP's, James was replaced by Tobin Esperance; the band independently released two more EP's before signing with DreamWorks Records in 1999. They released the triple-platinum Infest in 2000; the band's success continued with their gold album Lovehatetragedy, their platinum album Getting Away with Murder, The Paramour Sessions in 2006. Buckner left the band in 2007, was replaced by Tony Palermo; the band released Metamorphosis, Time for Annihilation, The Connection, F. E. A. R. and Crooked Teeth. The band's tenth studio album, Who Do You Trust?, was released on January 18, 2019. Papa Roach has sold more than 20 million album copies worldwide and are known for their songs "Last Resort", "Between Angels and Insects", "She Loves Me Not", "Getting Away with Murder", "Scars", "Forever", "Lifeline", "Face Everything and Rise".
Papa Roach's formation began in January 1993, when lead singer Jacoby Shaddix and drummer Dave Buckner met on the Vacaville High School football field. They were joined by lead guitarist Jerry Horton from nearby Vanden High School, trombonist Ben Luther and bassist Will James, they decided to enter the school's talent show, performing a version of Jimi Hendrix's song "Fire". They ended up losing the talent show. In March 1993, Ben Luther left the band. At this point, Papa Roach was touring, playing every gig they could get, their first tour van was called Moby Dick, where Shaddix was inspired to come up with his first stage name "Coby Dick". The band chose the name Papa Roach from the nickname of Shaddix's step-grandfather, Howard William Roatch. In 1994, Papa Roach released their first EP titled Potatoes for Christmas. Drummer Dave Buckner was temporarily replaced by Ryan Brown, as Buckner was spending the year in Seattle studying art. In 1995, they released a demo at Sound Farm Studios titled Caca Bonita.
By this time Buckner was back. In 1996, they replaced original bassist Will James with longtime roadie Tobin Esperance, as James' involvement in a church summer camp would limit the band's summer practicing and touring. On February 4, 1997, the band produced their debut studio album, entitled Old Friends from Young Years. Still touring they supported bands such as Incubus. In 1998, they released, it sold more than 1,000 copies in its first month of release. In 1999, they produced another EP, which would end up being their last independent release, titled Let'Em Know, its success caught the attention of Warner Music Group, who as part of a development deal provided a small amount of money for the production of a five-track promo-demo CD. The band decided they wanted influential rock producer Jay Baumgardner on board to produce the record. In an interview with HitQuarters, Baumgardner said, “At first I wasn’t convinced it would work out, but I saw a video of them performing at a club - I saw all these kids going wild, knowing the songs by heart - and that’s when I realized that they had potential.”Warner Bros. was not impressed with the demo, elected not to sign them.
The unreleased disc included the songs "Infest", "Last Resort", "Broken Home", "Dead Cell", "She Loves Me Not". Soon after, DreamWorks Records offered the band a recording contract. After signing with DreamWorks Records in October 1999, they entered the studio to record their major-label debut album titled Infest; the album included old songs from their independent releases, these being "Infest", "Last Resort", "Broken Home", "Dead Cell" from the Warner Bros. demo CD. Infest was released on April 25, 2000, sold 30,001 copies in its first week of release. With their second album released, the music video for "Last Resort" recorded, they embarked on the Vans Warped Tour and numerous other large tours, including the Anger Management Tour with Limp Bizkit and rap acts such as Eminem, E-40, Ludacris, they embarked on their headlining "Master Bay" tour in 2000, with support from Linkin Park and Hed PE. The band was nominated for "Best New Artist in a Video" at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards for "Last Resort".
In late 2000, they toured the United Kingdom, highlighting how their popularity had spread worldwide. In 2001, the band toured Ozzfest, where they performed on the prestigious main stage, on both the United States and United Kingdom tours; the song "Blood Brothers" was featured on the popular video game Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2. After touring worldwide, the band returned to the studio to record their third album, to be titled Born to Rock, but was renamed to Lovehatetragedy; the album was released in the United States on June 18, 2002, though it did not outsell Infest, it managed to chart higher in both the United States and United Kingdom album charts. The album has been certified gold; the album features a bigger focus on singing over rapping, though the band retained their nu metal sound. The album had two singles which were She Loves Me Not and Time and Time Again, both had rapping and both had the rap metal sound of Infest; the music video for the single "Time an
Alvin Nathaniel Joiner, better known by the stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper and broadcaster. Xzibit began his musical career after the release of his debut studio album At the Speed of Life in 1996; the album generated both critical and commercial success, peaking at number 74 on the Billboard 200. It contained the single "Paparazzi", which peaked at number 83 on the Billboard Hot 100; this success allowed Xzibit to secure a recording contract with Loud Records that year. Xzibit released his second album, 40 Dayz & 40 Nightz, in August 1998, which peaked at number 53 on the Billboard 200; the album contained the single "What U See Is What U Get", which peaked within the top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100. The album's success caught attention from Dr. Dre, who acted as the executive producer on Xzibit's third album Restless. Restless considered Xzibit's magnum opus, debuted at number 14 on the Billboard 200, was certified platinum in the United States; the album contained the singles "Front 2 Back", "X", "Get Your Walk On".
His follow-up album Man vs. Machine enjoyed similar commercial success. After the release of Full Circle in 2006, Xzibit underwent a musical hiatus, not releasing any music until the release of his seventh studio album Napalm in 2012. However, shortly after the release of the album, Xzibit entered another period of hiatus, has not released any further music to date. Xzibit has gained notoriety as an actor and television host, notably for his role as Shyne Johnson in the television series Empire, as the host for reality television series Pimp My Ride, he has starred in the films Gridiron Gang, The X-Files: I Want to Believe, Sun Dogs. Alvin Joiner was born on September 18, 1974 in Detroit and was raised by his mother. Xzibit's father left the family early, leaving his mother to care for the family, which included four siblings. After her death in 1984, Xzibit moved in with his father, who had remarried and relocated to Albuquerque, New Mexico. Xzibit lived in Albuquerque until age 14, began writing lyrics as a form of entertainment after suffering numerous bouts of minor incarceration.
A falling out with his father forced Xzibit to relocate to Los Angeles, where he lived with his sister. Due to the city's strong presence within hip-hop, Xzibit decided to pursue a music career, he would reconcile with his father in 1998. Xzibit started to rap at the age of 14, shortly after his relocation from Albuquerque to Los Angeles under the pseudonym "Exhibit A", he marked his first appearance on a professional record in February 1995 on The Alkaholiks' Coast II Coast, on the song "Hit and Run" and appeared on King Tee's IV Life shortly after, on the track "Free Style Ghetto". After touring with Likwit Crew the same year, Xzibit signed to Loud Records and released his acclaimed debut album, At the Speed of Life in October 1996, which peaked at number 74 on the Billboard Hot 200 and reached 38 on the Canadian Albums Chart; the album produced his first breakthrough single "Paparazzi" which peaked at No. 86 on the Billboard Hot 100 and proved successful in Germany, where it peaked at number 11 on the German Singles Chart.
After spending the next two years with further building his reputation as a West Coast underground artist and touring with the Likwit Crew, he released his second album, 40 Dayz & 40 Nightz on August 25, 1998 which charted in the U. S. at number 58 and 50 in Canada. Like its predecessor, it was well received by critics and is seen as a Classic West Coast Hip-hop record, it spawned four singles, the most successful being "What U See Is What U Get" charting at number 50 in the United States. With his growing following in the West, he caught the eye of rapper and producer Dr. Dre, who secured him high-profile guest spots, such as joining Snoop Dogg on the Dre-produced hit "Bitch Please" of his album No Limit Top Dogg, appearing on Dr. Dre's 6x platinum album 2001, on the songs "Lolo", "Some L. A. Niggaz", "What's the Difference" with Eminem, he closed the year 1999 with his acting debut. Xzibit started the year with the release of a compilation album Likwit Rhymes, which featured previously unreleased material from his earlier recordings and a guest spot on Bitch Please II, along with Eminem, Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre and Nate Dogg.
His breakthrough came with his third studio album Restless, with Dr. Dre as executive producer and guest appearances by Snoop Dogg, Nate Dogg, Eminem, Dr. Dre, DJ Quik and the Alkaholiks, among others, which sold 2 million copies and was certified platinum, it spawned three singles, the most successful being "X", which peaked at number 76 in the U. S. 14 in the UK and 4 in Germany. The album climbed to number 12 in America. Dr. Dre invited Xzibit to perform on his American Up in Smoke Tour in mid-2000, which featured Snoop Dogg and Ice Cube, among many others; the same year, he starred in the direct-to-video crime film Tha Eastsidaz by the group of the same name and was a playable character in the video game Madden NFL 2001. He continued to star in films involving fellow rap artists such as The Wash, co-starring Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg, in 2001 and The Slim Shady Show and 8 Mile, co-starring Eminem, in 2001 and 2002, respectively, he released two concert films in 2001, Xzibit: Restless Xposed, centered around the recording of his third studio album and various live-performances and was seen in Tha Alkaholiks: X.
O. The Movie Experience by the rap group of t