Infiltration is a 2017 Canadian psychological thriller film directed by Robert Morin. It is about a plastic surgeon named Dr. Louis Richard, played by Christian Bégin, who treats a patient with a burn injury; the film premiered at the Fantasia International Film Festival, was selected for a screening at the 2017 Vancouver International Film Festival. Principal photography took place over 17 days, wrapping up on 22 February 2016. Radio-Canada critics commended the film for its atmosphere and intense direction, comparing it to the work of Michael Haneke and Roman Polanski. For La Presse, Marc-Andre Lussier awarded it four stars, hailing it as one of Morin's best films and for its atmosphere of anxiety. Le Devoir's Francois Levesque praised Morin as one of the best directors in the Cinema of Quebec and Infiltration as an "opus". Infiltration led in nominations including with a nomination for Best Film. Infiltration on IMDb
Espionage or spying is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information. Spies help agencies uncover secret information. Any individual or spy ring, in the service of a government, company or independent operation, can commit espionage; the practice is clandestine, as it is by definition unwelcome and in many cases illegal and punishable by law. Espionage is a method of intelligence gathering which includes information gathering from public sources. Espionage is part of an institutional effort by a government or commercial concern. However, the term tends to be associated with state spying on potential or actual enemies for military purposes. Spying involving corporations is known as industrial espionage. One of the most effective ways to gather data and information about the enemy is by infiltrating the enemy's ranks; this is the job of the spy. Spies can return information concerning the strength of enemy forces, they can find dissidents within the enemy's forces and influence them to defect.
In times of crisis, spies sabotage the enemy in various ways. Counterintelligence is the practice of thwarting enemy intelligence-gathering. All nations have strict laws concerning espionage and the penalty for being caught is severe. However, the benefits gained through espionage are so great that most governments and many large corporations make use of it. Information collection techniques used in the conduct of clandestine human intelligence include operational techniques, asset recruiting, tradecraft. Today, espionage agencies target terrorists as well as state actors. Since 2008, the United States has charged at least 57 defendants for attempting to spy for China. Intelligence services value certain intelligence collection techniques over others; the former Soviet Union, for example, preferred human sources over research in open sources, while the United States has tended to emphasize technological methods such as SIGINT and IMINT. In the Soviet Union, both political and military intelligence officers were judged by the number of agents they recruited.
Espionage agents are trained experts in a targeted field so they can differentiate mundane information from targets of value to their own organizational development. Correct identification of the target at its execution is the sole purpose of the espionage operation. Broad areas of espionage targeting expertise include: Natural resources: strategic production identification and assessment. Agents are found among bureaucrats who administer these resources in their own countries Popular sentiment towards domestic and foreign policies. Agents recruited from field journalistic crews, exchange postgraduate students and sociology researchers Strategic economic strengths. Agents recruited from science and technology academia, commercial enterprises, more from among military technologists Military capability intelligence. Agents are trained by military espionage education facilities, posted to an area of operation with covert identities to minimize prosecution Counterintelligence operations targeting opponents' intelligence services themselves, such as breaching confidentiality of communications, recruiting defectors or moles Although the news media may speak of "spy satellites" and the like, espionage is not a synonym for all intelligence-gathering disciplines.
It is a specific form of human source intelligence. Codebreaking, aircraft or satellite photography, research in open publications are all intelligence gathering disciplines, but none of them is considered espionage. Many HUMINT activities, such as prisoner interrogation, reports from military reconnaissance patrols and from diplomats, etc. are not considered espionage. Espionage is the disclosure of sensitive information to people who are not cleared for that information or access to that sensitive information. Unlike other forms of intelligence collection disciplines, espionage involves accessing the place where the desired information is stored or accessing the people who know the information and will divulge it through some kind of subterfuge. There are exceptions to physical meetings, such as the Oslo Report, or the insistence of Robert Hanssen in never meeting the people who bought his information; the US defines espionage towards itself as "The act of obtaining, transmitting, communicating, or receiving information about the national defense with an intent, or reason to believe, that the information may be used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of any foreign nation".
Black's Law Dictionary defines espionage as: "... gathering, transmitting, or losing... information related to the national defense". Espionage is a violation of United States law, 18 U. S. C. §§ 792–798 and Article 106a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice". The United States, like most nations, conducts espionage against other nations, under the control of the National Clandestine Service. Britain's espionage activities are controlled by the Secret Intelligence Service. A spy is a person employed to seek out top secret information from a source. Within the United States Intelligence Community, "asset" is a more common usage. A case officer or Special Agent, who may have diplomatic status and directs the human collector. Cutouts are couriers who do not know the case officer but transfer messages. A
Infiltration/Inflow causes dilution in sanitary sewers. Dilution of sewage decreases the efficiency of treatment, may cause sewage volumes to exceed design capacity. Although inflow is technically different from infiltration, it may be difficult to determine, causing dilution problems in inaccessible sewers; the United States Environmental Protection Agency defines the term infiltration/inflow as combined contributions from both. Early combined sewers used surface runoff to dilute waste from toilets and carry it away from urban areas into natural waterways. Sewage treatment can remove some pollutants from toilet waste, but treatment of diluted flow from combined sewers produces larger volumes of treated sewage with similar pollutant concentrations. Modern sanitary sewers are designed to transport domestic and industrial wastewater directly to treatment facilities without dilution. Groundwater entering sanitary sewers through defective pipe joints and broken pipes is called infiltration. Pipes may leak because of careless installation.
In general, volume of leakage will increase over time. Damaged and broken sewer cleanouts are a major cause of infiltration into municipal sewer systems. Infiltration will occur. Gravel bedding materials in sewer pipe trenches act as a French drain. Groundwater flows parallel to the sewer. In areas of low groundwater, sewage may exfiltrate into groundwater from a leaking sewer. Water entering sanitary sewers from inappropriate connections is called inflow. Typical sources include sump pumps, roof drains, cellar drains, yard drains where urban features prevent surface runoff, storm drains are not conveniently accessible or identifiable. Inflow tends to peak during precipitation events, causes greater flow variation than infiltration. Peak flows caused by inflow may generate a foul flush of accumulated biofilm and sanitary solids scoured from the dry weather wetted perimeter of oversized sewers during peak flow turbulence. Sources of inflow can sometimes be identified by smoke testing. Smoke is blown into the sewer during dry weather while observers watch for smoke emerging from yards, cellars, or roof gutters.
Dilution of sewage directly increases costs of pumping and chlorination, ozonation, or ultraviolet disinfection. Physical treatment structures including screens and pumps must be enlarged to handle the peak flow. Primary clarifiers must be enlarged to treat average flows, although primary treatment of peak flows may be accomplished in detention basins. Biological secondary treatment is effective only while the concentration of soluble and colloidal pollutants remains high enough to sustain a population of microorganisms digesting those pollutants. Secondary treatment is expected to remove 85 percent of soluble and colloidal organic pollutants from sewage containing 200 mg/L BOD. Unremoved organics are converted to disinfection by-products by chemical disinfection prior to discharge. High rates of infiltration/inflow may make the sanitary sewer incapable of carrying sewage from the design service area. Sewage may back up into the lowest homes during wet weather. Smoke test results may not correlate well with flow volumes.
Where sewage flow is expected to be uniform, significance of infiltration and inflow may be estimated by comparison of sewage flow at the same point during wet and dry weather or at two sequential points within the sewer system. Small areas with large flow differences can be identified if the sewer system provides adequate measuring locations, it may be necessary to replace a section of sewer line if flow differences cannot be corrected by removing identified connections
Urban exploration is the exploration of man-made structures abandoned ruins or not seen components of the man-made environment. Photography and historical interest/documentation are featured in the hobby and, although it may sometimes involve trespassing onto private property, this is not always the case. Urban exploration may be referred to as draining, urban spelunking, urban rock climbing, urban caving, or building hacking; the nature of this activity presents various risks, including both physical danger and, if done illegally and/or without permission, the possibility of arrest and punishment. Some activities associated with urban exploration violate local or regional laws and certain broadly interpreted anti-terrorism laws, or can be considered trespassing or invasion of privacy. Ventures into abandoned structures are the most common example of urban exploration. At times, sites are entered first by locals and may suffer from large amounts of graffiti and other acts of vandalism, while other locations may be better preserved.
Although targets of exploration vary from one country to another, high-profile abandonments include amusement parks, grain elevators, power plants, missile silos, fallout shelters, asylums, poor houses, sanatoriums. In Japan, abandoned infrastructure is known as haikyo, but the term is synonymous with the practice of urban exploration. Haikyo are common in Japan because of its rapid industrialization, damage during World War II, the 1980s real estate bubble, the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Many explorers find decay of uninhabited space to be profoundly beautiful, some are proficient freelance photographers who document what they see, as is the case with those who document some of the infrastructure of the former USSR. Abandoned sites are popular among historians, architects, industrial archaeologists, ghost hunters. Another aspect of urban exploration is the practice of exploring active or in use buildings which includes gaining access, by various means, to secured or "member-only" areas, mechanical rooms, elevator rooms, abandoned floors, other unseen parts of working buildings.
The term "infiltration" is associated with the exploration of active structures. People entering restricted areas may be committing trespass, civil prosecution may result. Catacombs such as those found in Paris, Rome and Naples have been investigated by urban explorers; the Mines of Paris, comprising much of the underground tunnels that are not open to public tourism like the catacombs, have been considered the "Holy Grail" by some due to their extensive nature and history. Explorers of these spaces are known as cataphiles. Entry into storm drains, or "draining", is another common form of urban exploration. Groups devoted to the task have arisen, such as the Cave Clan in Australia. Draining has a specialized set of guidelines, the foremost of, "When it rains, no drains!" The dangers of becoming entrapped, washed away, or killed increase during a heavy rainfall. A small subset of explorers enter sanitary sewers. Sometimes they are the only connection to other subterranean features. Sewers are among the most dangerous locations to explore owing to risk of poisoning by buildups of toxic gas.
Exploring active and abandoned subway and underground railway tunnels and stations is considered to be trespassing and can result in civil prosecution, due to security concerns. As a result, this type of exploration is publicized. An important exception to this is the abandoned subway of Rochester, New York, the only American city to have an abandoned used, subway system; the Cincinnati subway is abandoned, but was never completed and placed into service. In London, there are a number of stations on the London Underground network that have been closed over the years, with Aldwych tube station being a popular location for explorers. Universities, other large institutions such as hospitals distribute hazardous superheated steam for heating or cooling buildings from a central heating plant; these pipes are run through utility tunnels, which are intended to be accessible for the purposes of maintenance. Many of these steam tunnels those on college campuses also have a tradition of exploration by students.
This practice was once called "vadding" at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, though students there now refer to it as roof and tunnel hacking. Some steam tunnels have dirt floors, poor lighting and temperatures upwards of 45 °C. Others have concrete floors, bright light, more moderate temperatures. Most steam tunnels have large intake fans to bring in fresh air and push the hot air out the back, these fans may start without warning. Most active steam tunnels do not contain airborne asbestos, but proper breathing protection may be required for other respiratory hazards. Experienced explorers are cautious inside active utility tunnels, since pipes can spew boiling hot water or steam from leaky valves or pressure relief blowoffs. There are puddles of muddy water on the floor, making slips and falls a special concern near hot pipes. Steam tunnels have been secured more in recent years, due to their frequent use for carrying communications network backbone cables, increased safety and liability concerns, perceived risk of their use in terrorist activities.
The rise in the popularity of
Jeff Chapman, better known by the pseudonym Ninjalicious, was a Toronto-based urban explorer, fountaineer and founder of the urban exploration zine Infiltration: the zine about going places you're not supposed to go. He was a prominent author and editor for YIP magazine, as well as its website, Yip.org. Chapman died of cholangiocarcinoma on Tuesday, August 23, 2005 at the age of 31 — three years after a successful liver transplant at Toronto General Hospital. Doctors claimed that Chapman's illness was caused by coming into contact with carcinogens during exploring, family members confirmed that Chapman had been diagnosed with auto-immune diseases after becoming an avid explorer, that his extended stays at hospitals further hooked him on exploring institutions. Chapman attended York University in the early 1990s and studied book and magazine publishing at Centennial College, he went on to serve as Editor at History Magazine and as Director of the Toronto Architectural Conservancy board. Chapman first published Infiltration in 1996.
In total, 25 issues were published — covering such urban exploration topics as the navigation of storm drains, evading hotel security and adventuring through abandoned military shelters. He launched infiltration.org, an online version of the zine, in 1996. His book, Access All Areas: a user's guide to the art of urban exploration, was published in July 2005, shortly before his death; the book serves as a how-to-guide to urban exploration — covering topics from basic stealth and concealment, to social engineering techniques to ethics. Chapman is credited with coining the term "credibility prop", which describes a device, piece of equipment or other appurtenances used to reduce suspicion if one is encountered in a restricted area. A specific example of "credibility prop" is being wet, he was featured in CBC Newsworlds program BIG LIfe showing him exploring Toronto. Jeff and his wife Liz were both interview subjects in the film BBS: The Documentary as participants in the Toronto BBS community and other early online communities.
He is credited under the handle Milky, though he was known as Milky Puppy online. Interview with the Philadelphia City Paper. Interview with Ira Glass
In warfare, infiltration tactics involve small independent light infantry forces advancing into enemy rear areas, bypassing enemy front-line strongpoints isolating them for attack by follow-up troops with heavier weapons. Soldiers take the initiative to identify enemy weak points and choose their own routes, targets and methods of attack. Forms of these infantry tactics were used by skirmishers and irregulars dating back to classical antiquity, but only as a defensive or secondary tactic. By the time of early modern warfare, defensive firepower made this tactic costly; when trench warfare developed to its height in World War I, most such attacks were complete failures. Raiding by small groups of experienced soldiers, using stealth and cover was employed and successful, but these could not achieve decisive victory. Infiltration tactics developed through World War I and early World War II as a way of turning these harassing tactics into a successful offensive doctrine. At first, only special units were trained in these tactics, typified by German Stoßtruppen.
By the end of World War II all regular ground forces of the major powers were trained and equipped to employ forms of infiltration tactics, though some would specialize in this, such as The 75th Ranger Regiment, commandos and other special forces, forces employing irregular warfare. While a specialist tactic during World War I, infiltration tactics are now fully integrated as standard part of the modern maneuver warfare, down to basic fire and movement at the squad and section level, so the term has little distinct meaning today. Infiltration tactics may not be standard in modern combat if training is low, such as for militia or rushed conscript units, or any units used in a desperation attack when an immediate victory is required; the German Volksgrenadier formations at the end of World War II, the Japanese banzai attacks are two examples of units deployed without training for infiltration. Clandestine, espionage or false flag operations may involve infiltration but this is based on deception, rather than these infiltration tactics, which are based on battlefield maneuver and combat tactics.
These tactics emerged during World War I. Several nations modified their existing tactics in ways that supported ideas that were called infiltration tactics, with the German developments having the most impact, both during the war and afterwards; as far back as the 18th century, Prussian military doctrine stressed maneuver and force concentration to achieve a decisive battle. The German military searched for ways to apply this in the face of trench warfare. Captain Willy Rohr fought in the long Battle of Hartmannswillerkopf, starting with two Pionier companies; such engineers employed non-standard weapons and tactics compared to the regular infantry. Rohr's initial efforts to use these as special advanced strike teams, to break French lines for following troops to exploit, achieved only limited success, with heavy losses. Rohr, working with his superiors, saw equipment improved, including the new Stahlhelm, ample supplies of hand grenades, light mortars and machine guns. Rohr's analysis was that much more training was needed to incorporate the new weapons and to coordinate separate attacks as needed to achieve the overall operational goals.
His analysis got the attention of the Oberste Heeresleitung. In December 1915, Rohr was given the task of training the army in "modern close combat", soon promoted to major. During the next two years, special stormtrooper detachments were created in divisions throughout the army; these tactics were expanded and refined by many in the German military command, extending the Prussian military doctrine down to smallest units—specially trained troops maneuvered and massed to assault positions, wherever opportunities were found. Infiltration tactics are sometimes called "Hutier tactics", after German General Oskar von Hutier though his role in developing the tactics was limited. Hutier, along with his artillery commander Colonel Georg Bruchmüller, improved the use of artillery in ways that suited infiltration tactics. Conventional mass-wave tactics were preceded by days of constant bombardment of all defender positions, attempting to gain advantage by attrition. Hutier favoured brief but intense "hurricane bombardments" that allow the opponent little time to react and reinforce their line.
The bombardment targeted the opponents' rear areas to destroy or disrupt roads and command centres. This was done to suppress and confuse the defenders and reduce their capability to counterattack from their rearward defence lines. For maximum effect, the exact points of attack remained concealed until the last possible moment, the infantry attacked following the short bombardment; the German stormtrooper methods involve men rushing forward in small but mutually supporting groups, using whatever cover is available, laying down covering fire for the other groups as they moved. The tactics aim to avoid attacking any strongpoints directly, by first breaching the weakest points of the defender's line, using those to gain positional advantages on other points. Additionally, they acknowledge the futility of man
Infiltration (video game player)
Lee Seon-woo, known as Infiltration, is a professional electronic sports player from Seoul, South Korea, specializing in fighting games. Lee is a five-time Evolution Championship Series champion. Lee was fired from his team, Panda Global, in November 2018 after the organization learned of a domestic abuse case he was convicted for the year before. Infiltration first started playing fighting games with the home release of Street Fighter IV, but he offered tips for players hoping to raise their skill level; the "Infiltration" name comes from the Metal Gear Solid series. Lee uses a bat-top joystick due to the first FightStick he bought was coincidentally a bat-top joystick sold for 2,000 yen. Lee chose Akuma in Street Fighter IV. Lee's main focus is physical training instead of in-game practice. Lee is the winner of the Street Fighter 25th Anniversary Grand Finals for both Super Street Fighter IV: Arcade Edition v2012 and Street Fighter X Tekken and won $25,000 for each game; the former event saw Lee win against Mad Catz's Daigo Umehara 6-0.
Because he won the latter, Lee received a one of a kind Street Fighter-based Scion FR-S Coupe. Lee won the Capcom Cup 2013 Street Fighter X Tekken tournament in which he was invited to by Capcom. In March, Lee qualified for the Capcom Pro Tour Asia Finals by winning Nine States Tournament 2015. In late May, Lee qualified for Capcom Cup 2015 by placing Top 3 at Stunfest 2015. Lee's opponents in Top 3, Momochi and Umehara have qualified thus giving Lee the qualifying spot by default. Lee is known for having a defensive playstyle as determined by Justin Wong's Step Up Your Game series. On January 16, 2015, Eventhubs ranked Lee at #6 on their Top 50 Ultra Street Fighter IV players list. Lee is known for creating an outstanding comeback against Eduardo "PR Balrog" Perez in the Losers Semis at EVO 2013 Super Street Fighter IV: Arcade Edition v2012, where he counterpicked Perez's Balrog with Hakan. Lee qualified for the 2014 Capcom Cup by winning CEO 2014 in an exciting battle against Evil Geniuses' Yusuke Momochi.
Momochi would defeat Lee at Capcom Cup 2014 resulting in the latter to get a 4th-place finish. Because of his performances in 2012, Lee has been called "Player of the Year" by many including Capcom. However, in late 2013, Lee saw a small decline. Overall, Lee still manages to perform well in tournaments he enters making Top 4. A controversy regarding 2015's Capcom Pro Tour circuit came up regarding Lee, with some labeling him as a "gatekeeper" due to visiting multiple CPT events despite qualifying for Capcom Cup. Lee stated in an interview that his intention was not to gatekeep, but instead to practice before the Capcom Cup begins in December. Lee states that Street Fighter V is going in a good direction, as he thinks that making the game offense-oriented will make it faster and better. On November 15, 2015 Infiltration signed with Team Razer. Lee was born on 23 March 1985 in Seoul, he has two brothers. In mid-2014, Lee had to sell the one-of-a-kind Scion FR-S Coupe he won because of high maintenance issues.
This was the same car Lee had to earn his drivers license for, just so he could drive it. On October 22, 2017, Lee was arrested in a domestic violence dispute with his then-wife. A South Korean court ruled against Lee on November 30, 2017. Panda Global, Lee's sponsoring team, learned about the assault in September 2018 and withdrew Lee from all upcoming tournaments at the time, he was fired from the team on November 2018 after Panda Global obtained his court records. Infiltration's Player Profile - Shoryuken Rankings Infiltration on Facebook Infiltration on Twitter Infiltration on Twitch