Star Trek: Voyager
Star Trek: Voyager is an American science fiction television series created by Rick Berman, Michael Piller, Jeri Taylor. It aired between January 16, 1995 and May 23, 2001 on UPN, lasting for 172 episodes over seven seasons; the fifth series in the Star Trek franchise, it served as the fourth sequel to Star Trek: The Original Series. Set in the 24th century, when Earth is part of a United Federation of Planets, it follows the adventures of the Starfleet vessel USS Voyager, as it attempts to return home after being stranded in the Delta Quadrant on the far side of the Milky Way galaxy. Paramount Pictures commissioned the series following the termination of Star Trek: The Next Generation to accompany their ongoing Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, they wanted it to help launch their new network, UPN. Berman and Taylor devised the series to chronologically overlap with Deep Space Nine and to continue themes—namely the complex relationship between Starfleet and ex-Federation colonists known as the Maquis—which had been introduced in The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine.
Voyager was the first Star Trek series to include CGI technology for space scenes and the first to feature a female captain, Kathryn Janeway, as the lead character. Berman served as head executive producer in charge of the overall production, assisted by a series of executive producers: Piller, Brannon Braga, Kenneth Biller. Being set in a different part of the galaxy to preceding Star Trek shows, Voyager gave the series' writers space to introduce new alien species as recurring characters, namely the Kazon, Vidiians and Species 8472. During the seasons, the Borg—a species created for The Next Generation—were introduced as the main antagonists. During Voyager's run, various episode novelisations and tie-in video games were produced; as Star Trek: The Next Generation ended, Paramount Pictures wanted to continue to have a second Star Trek TV series to accompany Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The studio planned to start a new television network, wanted the new series to help it succeed; this was reminiscent of Paramount's earlier plans to launch its own network by showcasing Star Trek: Phase II in 1977.
Initial work on Star Trek: Voyager began in 1993, when the seventh and final season of Star Trek: The Next Generation and the second season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine were in production. Seeds for Voyager's backstory, including the development of the Maquis, were placed in several The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine episodes. Voyager was shot on the stages The Next Generation had used, where the Voyager pilot "Caretaker" was shot in September 1994. Costume designer Robert Blackman decided that the uniforms of Voyager's crew would be the same as those on Deep Space Nine. Star Trek: Voyager was the first Star Trek series to use computer-generated imagery, rather than models, for exterior space shots. Babylon 5 and seaQuest DSV had used CGI to avoid the expense of models, but the Star Trek television department continued using models because they felt they were more realistic. Amblin Imaging won an Emmy for Voyager's opening CGI title visuals, but the weekly episode exteriors were captured with hand-built miniatures of Voyager, its shuttlecraft, other ships.
This changed when Voyager went CGI for certain types of shots midway through season three. Foundation Imaging was the studio responsible for special effects during Babylon 5's first three seasons. Season three's "The Swarm". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine began using Foundation Imaging in conjunction with Digital Muse in season six. In its seasons, Voyager featured visual effects from Foundation Imaging and Digital Muse; the digital effects were produced at television resolution and some have speculated that it cannot be re-released in HD format without re-creating the special effects. However, Enterprise has been released in HD, but the special effects were rendered in 480p and upscaled. In the pilot episode, "Caretaker", USS Voyager departs the Deep Space Nine space station on a mission into the treacherous Badlands, they are searching for a missing ship piloted by a team of Maquis rebels, which Voyager's security officer, the Vulcan Lieutenant Tuvok, has secretly infiltrated. While in the Badlands, Voyager is enveloped by a powerful energy wave that kills several of its crew, damages the ship, strands it in the galaxy's Delta Quadrant, more than 70,000 light-years from Earth.
The wave was not a natural phenomenon. In fact, it was used by an alien entity known as the Caretaker to pull Voyager into the Delta Quadrant; the Caretaker is responsible for the continued care of the Ocampa, a race of aliens native to the Delta Quadrant, has been abducting other species from around the galaxy in an effort to find a successor. The Maquis ship was pulled into the Delta Quadrant, the two crews reluctantly agree to join forces after the Caretaker space station is destroyed in a pitched space battle with another local alien species, the Kazon. Chakotay, leader of the Maquis group, becomes Voyager's first officer. B'Elanna Torres, a half-human/half-Klingon Maquis, becomes chief engineer. Tom Paris, whom Janeway released from a Federation prison to help find the Maquis ship, is made Voyager's helm officer. Due to the deaths of the ship's entire medical staff, the Doctor, an emergency medical hologram designed only for short-term use, is employed as the ship's full-time chief medical officer.
Delta Quadrant natives Neelix, a Talaxian scavenger, Kes, a young Ocampa, are welcomed aboard as the ship's chef/morale officer and the doctor's medical assistant, respectively. Due to its great distance from Federation s
USS Voyager (Star Trek)
USS Voyager is the fictional Intrepid-class starship, the primary setting of the science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager. It is commanded by Captain Kathryn Janeway. Voyager was designed by Star Trek: Voyager production designer Richard D. James and illustrator Rick Sternbach. Most of the ship's on-screen appearances are computer-generated imagery, although models were sometimes used; the ship's motto, as engraved on its dedication plaque, is a quote from the poem "Locksley Hall" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson: "For I dipt in to the future, far as human eye could see. The Voyager made its television debut in January 1995 in "Caretaker", the most expensive pilot in television history costing $23 million. In addition to its namesake television show, the spacecraft appeared in the computer game Star Trek: Voyager Elite Force; the spacecraft design was used for Star Trek: The Experience, a theme park in Las Vegas from 1998 to 2008, as album art. Rick Sternbach, who designed the Borg cube for The Next Generation, Richard James collaborated over several months to design the USS Voyager.
Sternbach started work on the new design in the fall of 1993. By the spring of 1994, the design had started to mature, was smaller than The Next Generation's Enterprise-D with features like the ability to land on a planet's surface; the interior design focused on the bridge. Throughout the design process, the main goal was to make it new and appealing while still holding in part to the same familiar design. Voyager special effect shots were done with both miniatures and CGI; the miniature shots of the Voyager model were used as a benchmark to improve the CGI shots. Two different computer models were developed from the physical model by two different companies that scanned it, Amblin Imaging and Foundation Imaging. Amblin won an Emmy for Voyager's opening CGI title visuals featuring USS Voyager passing through space, but the weekly episode exteriors were captured with hand-built miniatures of Voyager. By late 1996, certain exterior shots were CGI. Another challenge of the design was coordinating the interior set design with exterior shots, in particular the location of key rooms and the design of windows.
These were important, for example, in shots that crossed over from outside the spacecraft to inside the spacecraft in one filming shot. The principal model of Voyager used for filming sold at Christie's auction in 2006 for USD $132,000. Voyager was launched in 2371; the crew's first orders were to track down a Maquis ship in the Badlands. An alien force called the Caretaker transported both Voyager and the Maquis vessel across 70,000 light-years to the Delta Quadrant, damaging Voyager and killing several crewmembers. Voyager and the Maquis ship are stranded in the Delta Quadrant to prevent a genocide of the Ocampans, a species on a nearby planet under the Caretaker's protection from the Kazon, an antagonistic race native to the Delta Quadrant who seek the resources of the Ocampa. Captain Janeway orders the destruction of the device that could transport Voyager and the Maquis vessel home, thereby protecting the Ocampa. Stranded, with the Maquis ship destroyed, both crews integrate and work together for the anticipated 75-year journey home.
The intended crew complement was 141 Starfleet personnel, though it held 153 for its inaugural mission. This figure fluctuated during its time in the Delta Quadrant, gaining or losing count due to mishaps, adopted crew and voluntary departures. Starfleet Command becomes aware of the ship's presence in the Delta Quadrant and is able to establish regular communication. After a seven-year journey, during which the acquisition of new technologies and assistance from various allies had enabled the ship to travel a distance that otherwise would have taken 35 years, the ship returned to the Alpha Quadrant via a Borg transwarp conduit; the 15-deck, 700,000 ton Voyager was built at the Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards and launched from Earth Station McKinley. Voyager was equipped with two holodecks, it was the first ship with a class-9 warp drive, allowing for a maximum sustainable speed of Warp 9.975. Variable geometry pylons allowed Voyager and other Intrepid-class ships to exceed warp 5 without damaging subspace.
Like the Galaxy Class, Voyager's warp nacelles were below the primary hull. The ship was capable of planetary landings. Unlike the Galaxy Class, the ship could not separate the saucer during an emergency, it instead would eject the warp core. Voyager had an Emergency Medical Hologram programmed with a library of more than five million different medical treatments from 2,000 medical references and 47 physicians; the EMH gained the capability to leave the sickbay during the mission's third year, thanks to a 29th-century "mobile emitter". The ship was equipped with 38 photon torpedoes with type VI warheads and two tricobalt devices, both of which are used to destroy the Caretaker's array. Quantum torpedoes were compatible with Voyager's launchers, with some modifications. Voyager housed five standard torpedo launchers and was able to fire up to four torpedoes per launcher at once. In the final episode, an alternate future Kathryn Janeway equipped the ship with transphasic torpedoes and ablative hull armor.
During the years in the Delta Quadrant, the ship is augmented with custom, non-spec upgrades and modifications, some of which
Seven of Nine
Seven of Nine is a fictional character who appears in seasons four through seven of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager. Portrayed by Jeri Ryan, she is a former Borg drone who joins the crew of the Federation starship Voyager, her full Borg designation is Seven of Tertiary Adjunct of Unimatrix Zero One. The character Seven of Nine arrived just as the character Kes was leaving, was intended to introduce a foil to Captain Kathryn Janeway in a similar manner as Spock does to Captain Kirk in Star Trek: The Original Series. Seven of Nine was played by Jeri Ryan for four Voyager seasons; the character was a part of the last four seasons which concluded in 2001 with its seventh season, Seven was featured in many episodes despite coming to the series. Seven was introduced in the second part of the episode "Scorpion", the first episode of the fourth season; the character continued to appear throughout the series until the final episode, "Endgame". Stories related to her relationship with Captain Janeway and with The Doctor appeared throughout the series.
Several episodes, such as "The Raven", explored her background and earlier life as Annika Hansen before she was assimilated by the Borg. Her romantic life is a mystery due to her Borg emotional restrictions. On, with the Doctor's assistance, she tries dating other crew unsuccessfully, while exploring intimate relationships with a hologram of Chakotay. In the series finale Endgame she is involved in a short-lived romantic relationship with Chakotay which includes at least three dates and a first kiss before she "alters the relationship's parameters". However, in one alternate timeline they get married, in another she is killed along with the rest of the Voyager crew, her real name was known to her crewmates, but after joining the Voyager crew she chose to continue to be called Seven of Nine, though she allowed "Seven" to be used informally. Following the third season of Star Trek: Voyager, the production team decided that the main cast character of Kes was to be dropped from the show, it was decided that Captain Kathryn Janeway needed a contrasting character, so Seven of Nine was developed to fill this role.
It had been a previous Star Trek staple to have a character that could provide a third-person view on the human condition, prior examples including Spock in Star Trek: The Original Series and Data in Star Trek: The Next Generation. After being cast, actress Jeri Ryan acknowledged she had hardly seen Star Trek, had no idea what the Borg were. To prepare her, the producers gave her a copy of Star Trek: First Contact and the Star Trek Encyclopedia the day before she was due to test for the part, she was told not to base her performance on the Borg Queen from the film as she was a "completely different animal and were creating something new". Her acting experience up until this point had consisted of television movies, guest appearances, Dark Skies, her audition process consisted of two readings for the producers before Ryan was asked to come in to talk through the part with the executive producers, Jeri Taylor, Rick Berman, Brannon Braga. Following this, she was told that her option had been picked up.
She remarked about her experience of joining the Voyager team, "It was a little awkward since the cast had been together for three years already. And one of the original characters was being written out pretty much at the same time I was being added, but the cast was terrific, welcoming." Although she wore extensive make-up for her first appearances, including an eye-piece that fell off when she smiled, her typical make-up regime took around 45 minutes, with the attachment of the Borg appliance above her eye taking an additional 15 minutes. Her hairstyling took as long as that combined. In the following years, the Voyager writers wrote several plot lines revolving around Seven's exploration of the positive and negative sides of human individuality; the cyborg nature of the character is seen as representing a challenge to "simple conceptions of connections/disconnections between bodies." Ryan maintained that the main topic about Seven was "humanity" and stated that her character was pivotal to the success of the show, because she "brought conflict to the show, which it was sadly lacking.
… The Voyager crew was just one big happy family." After the addition of the former Borg drone to the starship's crew at the start of the fourth season of Voyager, the shows' weekly viewer ratings increased by more than 60%. Ryan's arrival on the show was accompanied by a massive publicity campaign in TV magazines and newspaper supplements. Ryan thought that the increase may have been because of the way the character looked, but maintained that those viewers would have been retained by the writing on the show, she remarked that "combining non-human qualities with an attractive human appearance," as in Seven's character, was a great move by the producers. She felt that the writers did a good job in not pushing the character to be more human and having Seven enter into relationships on the show. Ryan was concerned that it could have turned out to be "Seven's sexual escapades on Voyager". In terms of portrayal, she said that "keeping a straight face" while showing suppressed emotion was an enjoyable challenge.
Regarding her form-fitting one-piece costume, Ryan commented that it was impractical and uncomfortable, but worth the reward of portraying a character like Seven. In a Conan O'Brien interview, Jeri Ryan admits that the reason her costume is skin tight is to help Seven of Nine regenerate human skin. Although Seven was introduced as a foil for Captain Janeway, with the two of them provin
Kathryn Janeway is a fictional character in the Star Trek franchise. As the captain of the Starfleet starship USS Voyager, she was the lead character on the television series Star Trek: Voyager, a Starfleet admiral, as seen in the 2002 feature film Star Trek: Nemesis. Although other female captains had appeared in previous Star Trek episodes and other media, she is, to date, the only one to serve as the central character of a Star Trek TV series, she has appeared in other media including books and video games. In all of her screen appearances, she was played by actress Kate Mulgrew; the character was named Elizabeth Janeway, after the noted writer of the same name. However, after Geneviève Bujold was cast, she requested the character to be renamed "Nicole Janeway". Bujold, whose experience was in feature films, was unprepared for the schedule demanded by the television series, was unwilling to do news interviews, dropped out on the second day of filming for the pilot episode "Caretaker". Kate Mulgrew, who had auditioned for the role, was brought in.
She suggested that the name to be changed to which the producers agreed. Actresses Erin Gray and Chelsea Field auditioned for the role. Field's husband Scott Bakula would play Captain Jonathan Archer in Star Trek: Enterprise. Kathryn Janeway was born on May 20, in Indiana on Earth, she was the daughter of Vice Admiral Janeway and has a sister named Phoebe, the artist in the family. Phoebe never stayed close to home with her mother, Gretchen Janeway. Kathryn Janeway was close to her father, who taught her to look at the universe with a scientist's eye and she was devastated at his death, her first mission after graduating the academy was as a science officer on the USS Al-Batani, where she served as Chief Science Officer during the Arias mission. Captain Janeway takes command of the Intrepid-class USS Voyager in 2371, their first mission is to locate and capture a Maquis vessel last seen in the area of space known as the Badlands. While there, the Maquis ship and Voyager are transported against their will into the Delta Quadrant, 70,000 light-years away, by a massive displacement wave.
The Maquis ship is destroyed while fighting the Kazon-Ogla, although Voyager survives, there are numerous casualties. In order to protect the Ocampa, who live on a planet Voyager visits, Janeway destroys the Caretaker Array, the space station that transported the two ships to the Delta Quadrant, which provides energy to the Ocampa's planet, despite the fact that the Array may be the two ships' only chance to return home. In doing this, Janeway strands her crew seven decades' travel from home, her first major task is integrating the surviving Voyager crews. Chakotay, captain of the Maquis ship, succeeds the deceased Lieutenant Commander Cavit as her first officer. Janeway grants convicted criminal, former Starfleet officer, accomplished pilot Tom Paris a field commission, makes him Voyager's helmsman. Janeway's other interactions with her crew include helping the de-assimilated Borg Seven of Nine reclaim her individuality and humanity and advocating for the Doctor's status as a sentient being.
During the course of the TV series, Voyager has contact with the Q Continuum on three occasions, repeated contact with the Borg. With the intervention of a future/alternate version of herself, Janeway leads her crew in using one of the Borg's transwarp conduits to return her ship to Federation space after having traveled through the Delta Quadrant for seven years. During a cameo appearance in the film Star Trek: Nemesis, now-Admiral Janeway instructs Captain Jean-Luc Picard to travel to Romulus at the invitation of the film's antagonist. Admiral Janeway appeared in the Borg Invasion 4-D ride at the Star Trek: The Experience venue in Las Vegas, which closed in 2008. In the ride, Janeway leads Voyager to the rescue of ride participants who are ostensibly trapped first on a space station and on a shuttlecraft that come under attack by a Borg Cube commanded by the Borg Queen. At the ride's end, Janeway tells the participants, "Congratulations. You've defeated the Borg with one thing; as long as we have that, resistance will never be futile."
Although Paramount considers only the onscreen, live-action Trek episodes and movies canonical, Janeway has nonetheless continued as a major character in the Star Trek novels that depict the events in the lives of the Voyager characters after the end of that series. In Peter David's 2007 Star Trek: The Next Generation novel, Before Dishonor, set after the events of Star Trek: Nemesis, Janeway is assimilated by a rogue faction of the Borg, becomes their new Borg Queen. Seven of Nine, with the aid of Ambassador Spock and the Enterprise-E crew, manages to communicate with Janeway's consciousness, buried deep within the Queen's mind. During a brief moment of contact, Janeway helps them destroy the Borg cube, with all hands on board. Although Seven manages to escape, Janeway is killed, her memorial service sees a vast turnout, a tall gleaming pillar with a light burning atop it is constructed in tribute to her. The Q female appears to Janeway's spirit, tells her that Q and the Q Continuum had taken an interest in her.
Telling her that she has a destiny, Lady Q takes Janeway by the hand, disappears with her into realms unknown. Writer Peter David explained the book was conceived by Pocket Books editorial as one in which Janeway would die, that he was brought in to write it in order to give her a heroic send-off. In the 2012 Star Trek: Voyager novel The Eternal Tide by Kirsten Beyer, Janeway returns to human life with the help of young Q, who needs her assista
Starfleet is a fictional organization in the Star Trek media franchise. Within this fictional universe, Starfleet is a service maintained by the United Federation of Planets as the principal means for conducting deep-space exploration, defense and diplomacy. While the majority of Starfleet's members are human and it is headquartered on Earth, hundreds of other species are represented; the majority of the franchise's protagonists are Starfleet officers. During production of early episodes of the original series, several details of the makeup of the Star Trek universe had yet to be worked out, including the operating authority for the USS Enterprise; the terms Star Service, Spacefleet Command, United Earth Space Probe Agency, Space Central were all used to refer to the Enterprise's operating authority, before the term "Starfleet" became widespread from the episode "Court Martial" onwards. However, references to the United Earth Space Probe Agency, its abbreviation UESPA, are to be found in episodes of series.
For example, the Friendship One probe is marked with the letters UESPA-1 in the Star Trek: Voyager episode "Friendship One". Other background props included additional UESPA references, such as Captain Jean-Luc Picard's family album in Star Trek Generations. During the production of Star Trek: Enterprise, some larger Starfleet insignia designs included the name "United Earth Space Probe Agency". Many Star Trek: Enterprise episodes refer to Starfleet having been in operation in 2119, when it funded research begun by Cochrane and Henry Archer leading to the first successful flight of Warp 3 vessels in the 2140s; this research is said to have evolved into the NX Program, which led to Starfleet launching its first Warp 5-capable starship, Enterprise, in 2151, followed by Columbia, in 2155, as well as other vessels. However, the Starfleet, in existence before the Federation is a different organization than that of the Federation Starfleet. Starfleet acts under a Prime Directive of non-interference with developing worlds or their internal politics.
This is said not to be a Human construct, but stems from policies implemented by the Vulcans, who regarded an alien civilization's attainment of warp speed as the sign of their importance and reason for making first contact with them. The Prime Directive and Starfleet's first-contact policies are at the center of several episodes in each Star Trek series and the film Star Trek: First Contact. Starfleet Headquarters is shown to be located on Earth, northeast of the Golden Gate Bridge in the present-day Fort Baker area. Starfleet Academy is located in the same general area. Additionally, various episodes show Starfleet operating a series of starbases throughout Federation territory, as ground facilities, or as space stations in planetary orbit or in deep space. Starfleet has been shown to handle scientific and diplomatic missions, although its primary mandate seems to be peaceful exploration in the search for sentient life, as seen in the mission statements of different incarnations of the USS Enterprise.
The flagship of Starfleet is considered to be the starship USS Enterprise. Starfleet has many components, including: As early as the original Star Trek, characters refer to attending Starfleet Academy. Series establish it as an officer training facility with a four-year educational program; the main campus is located near Starfleet Headquarters in what is now California. Starfleet Command is the headquarters/command center of Starfleet; the term "Starfleet Command" is first used in TOS episode "Court Martial". Its headquarters are depicted as being in Fort Baker, across the Golden Gate from San Francisco, in Star Trek: The Motion Picture and Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. Overlooking the Command from the other side of the Golden Gate is the permanent site of the Council of the United Federation of Planets in what is now the Presidio of San Francisco. Throughout the Star Trek franchise, the main characters' isolation from Starfleet Command compels them to make and act upon decisions without Starfleet Command's orders or information in Voyager when the main protagonists have no means of contacting Earth for several years.
StarTrek.com notes. It states: Located on San Francisco's Mare Island, with additional starship assembly facilities located in Earth orbit, Starfleet's San Francisco Navy Yards is the site where the USS Enterprise NCC-1701 was built in 2245. Captain Robert April, the Enterprise's first commanding officer, was present at the San Francisco Navy Yards when the vessel's major components were built and prepared for assembly in Starfleet's orbital drydock facilities; the Enterprise-D and USS Voyager are depicted to have been constructed at a shipyard named Utopia Planitia in Mars orbit. Utopia Planitia served as Starfleet's main ship yards throughout a large portion of Starfleet's existence. After the Enterprise-D encountered the Borg in the episode "Q Who" the size of the Utopia Planitia shipyards was doubled out of fear of a Borg strike, they were once again doubled. In the 2009 film, Jim Kirk arrives at a shipyard near his home in Iowa and boards a shuttle to enlist in Starfleet. In the 2013 sequel, Montgomery "Scotty" Scott discovers a covert Starfleet facility, near Jupiter, that has built a m
Scarlett Noel Pomers is an American actress and singer-songwriter. Her most recognizable roles have been as Naomi Wildman on Star Trek: Voyager and Kyra Hart on the television series Reba, her debut EP, entitled Insane, was released January 7, 2010. A fan of hard rock, she began guitar lessons as a child; when she was three years old, an agent at a local shopping mall suggested to her mother Michelle that Scarlett get into the acting business. Scarlett began doing small jobs. Since she has guest starred on many television shows and has appeared in several feature films. Pomers made her acting debut at the age of three in Michael Jackson's music video, "Heal the World", she began doing commercials and has filmed over three dozen to date. She has starred in a number of television shows, including Judging Amy, That's Life, Touched by an Angel. Pomers was five years old, she appeared in Slappy and the Stinkers, Texas, Erin Brockovich, TV-movies Geppetto, as well as appearing on the Disney Channel film, A Ring of Endless Light.
Pomers' first major role began in 1998 as Naomi Wildman on the UPN sci-fi program Star Trek: Voyager. She appeared in 17 episodes over three years and won a Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a Drama Series: Supporting Young Actress, she joined the cast of the WB series Reba, playing Kyra Hart, the middle child of the titular character. Pomers stayed with the show until it ended in 2007. Pomers has appeared as a judge for PAX TV's 2004-05 series America's Most Talented Kids. In 2014 Pomers stated she had retired from acting save for some voiceover work to focus on music and photography; as a singer, Pomers founded the band SCARLETT, sometimes known as the "Scarlett Pomers Band," which has played at venues including the Knitting Factory, House of Blues, Club One-Seven, The Roxy, the Whisky a Go Go. Pomers' debut EP, was released on January 7, 2010, through her official website, CDbaby.com, iTunes. The album consists of five tracks. Pomers has covered an AC/DC classic, It's a Long Way to the Top in a tribute album to the band titled Rock & Roll Train: A Millennium Tribute To AC/DC and released December 10, 2010, on iTunes.
In late 2005, Pomers checked into an anorexia nervosa treatment facility. The 5 ft 2 in actress' weight had dropped to 73 pounds and she was exercising as much as six hours per day. Scarlett's character, was absent from most of the fifth season of Reba, having only appeared in two episodes out of twenty-two, she was out of the facility by January 2006. Following her release from treatment, Pomers became an ambassador for the National Eating Disorders Association, began an organization called Arch-Angels, which raises money for people who suffer from eating disorders but cannot afford treatment, her efforts led Teen People magazine to name her one of the 20 teens. Scarlett returned to the set of Reba and appeared in episodes for season six until the show ended in 2007. Pomers, a vegetarian, began practicing Kundalini yoga in June 2006 after reading a book about Golden Bridge studio director Gurmukh Kaur Khalsa, earned her teaching certificate in the practice. "Yoga always made me feel good about myself.
It was the final step of letting go of the demon."Her eating disorder was referenced in the first episode of season six. Upon entering the set to a thunderous round of applause in Season 6, episode 1 Reba asked her character Kyra "Where have you been?", to which Kyra replied "I went to get something to eat." In the same episode, she was in the living room heading towards the kitchen when Van asked, "Where are you going?" She responded, "I'm getting something to eat" and Van replies "see you next year!" " Scarlett Pomers Official Myspace Scarlett Pomers on Twitter Scarlett Pomers on IMDb Scarlett Pomers at the Country Music Television Scarlett Pomers at the TCM Movie Database Scarlett Pomers on Facebook Scarlett Pomers on Flickr
A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser. In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and edited with the help of a rich-text editor. A wiki is run using wiki software, otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system, but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software, in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, wikis have little inherent structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems; some wiki engines are open source. Some permit control over different functions. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules may be imposed to organize content; the online encyclopedia project Wikipedia is the most popular wiki-based website, is one of the most viewed sites in the world, having been ranked in the top ten since 2007.
Wikipedia is not a single wiki but rather a collection of hundreds of wikis, with each one pertaining to a specific language. In addition to Wikipedia, there are tens of thousands of other wikis in use, both public and private, including wikis functioning as knowledge management resources, notetaking tools, community websites, intranets; the English-language Wikipedia has the largest collection of articles. Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb described wiki as "the simplest online database that could work". "Wiki" is a Hawaiian word meaning "quick". Ward Cunningham and co-author Bo Leuf, in their book The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web, described the essence of the Wiki concept as follows: A wiki invites all users—not just experts—to edit any page or to create new pages within the wiki Web site, using only a standard "plain-vanilla" Web browser without any extra add-ons. Wiki promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making page link creation intuitively easy and showing whether an intended target page exists or not.
A wiki is not a crafted site created by experts and professional writers, designed for casual visitors. Instead, it seeks to involve the typical visitor/user in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that changes the website landscape. A wiki enables communities of contributors to write documents collaboratively. All that people require to contribute is a computer, Internet access, a web browser, a basic understanding of a simple markup language. A single page in a wiki website is referred to as a "wiki page", while the entire collection of pages, which are well-interconnected by hyperlinks, is "the wiki". A wiki is a database for creating and searching through information. A wiki allows non-linear, evolving and networked text, while allowing for editor argument and interaction regarding the content and formatting. A defining characteristic of wiki technology is the ease with which pages can be created and updated. There is no review by a moderator or gatekeeper before modifications are accepted and thus lead to changes on the website.
Many wikis are open to alteration by the general public without requiring registration of user accounts. Many edits can be made in real-time and appear instantly online, but this feature facilitates abuse of the system. Private wiki servers require user authentication to edit pages, sometimes to read them. Maged N. Kamel Boulos, Cito Maramba, Steve Wheeler write that the open wikis produce a process of Social Darwinism. "'Unfit' sentences and sections are ruthlessly culled and replaced if they are not considered'fit', which results in the evolution of a higher quality and more relevant page. While such openness may invite'vandalism' and the posting of untrue information, this same openness makes it possible to correct or restore a'quality' wiki page." Some wikis have an Edit button or link directly on the page being viewed, if the user has permission to edit the page. This can lead to a text-based editing page where participants can structure and format wiki pages with a simplified markup language, sometimes known as Wikitext, Wiki markup or Wikicode.
An example of this is the VisualEditor on Wikipedia. WYSIWYG controls do not, always provide