The group signed with Simon Cowells record label Syco Records after forming and finishing third in the seventh series of the British televised singing competition The X Factor in 2010. Their awards include six Brit Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, eleven MTV Europe Music Awards, seven American Music Awards, according to Nick Gatfield, the chairman and chief executive of Sony Music Entertainment UK, One Direction represented a $50 million business empire by June 2012. They were proclaimed 2012s Top New Artist by Billboard, according to the Sunday Times Rich List, by April 2013, they had an estimated personal combined wealth of £25 million making them the second-wealthiest musicians in the UK under 30 years of age. In 2014, Forbes listed them the second-highest earning celebrities under 30, in June 2015, Forbes listed their earnings at $130 million for the previous twelve months, and ranked them the fourth highest earning celebrities in the world. In 2016 Forbes ranked them the second highest earning celebrities. After the release of Four, One Direction became the first band in the US Billboard 200 history to have their first four albums debut at number one and their third album, Midnight Memories, was the biggest-selling album worldwide of 2013 despite being released in late November. The bands Where We Are Tour in support of Midnight Memories and Four, was the concert tour in 2014. In 2014, Billboard named One Direction Artist of the Year, the band is temporarily on a hiatus that began in January 2016, which is expected to last around 18 months. In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, nicole Scherzinger, a guest judge, and Simon Cowell have both claimed to have come up with the idea of forming the band. In 2013, Cowell said that it took him 10 minutes to put together as a group. Subsequently, the group got together for two weeks to get to each other and to practice. Styles came up with the name One Direction, for their qualifying song at judges houses, and their first song as a group, One Direction sang an acoustic version of Torn. Cowell later commented that their performance convinced him that they were confident, fun, like a gang of friends, within the first four weeks of the live shows, they were his last act in the competition. The group quickly gained popularity in the UK, shortly afterwards it was confirmed that One Direction had been signed by Cowell to a reported £2 million Syco Records record contract. Recording for their debut album began in January 2011, as they flew to Los Angeles to work with RedOne, a book licensed by One Direction, One Direction, Forever Young, was published by HarperCollins in February 2011, subsequently topping The Sunday Times Best Seller list. The same month, the boy band and other contestants from the series participated in the X Factor Live Tour, during the tour, the group performed for 500,000 people throughout the UK. After the tour concluded in April 2011, the group continued working on their debut album, recording took place in Stockholm, London and Los Angeles, as One Direction worked with producers Carl Falk, Savan Kotecha, Steve Mac, and Rami Yacoub, among others. Subsequent singles, Gotta Be You and One Thing, peaked in the UK Singles Chart top ten, in November 2011, they signed a record deal with Columbia Records in North America
Made in the A.M.
Made in the A. M. is the fifth studio album by the English-Irish boy band One Direction, released on 13 November 2015, by Columbia Records and Syco Music. The album is the only without member Zayn Malik, who left the group in March 2015. The album was complemented by the singles Drag Me Down, released on 31 July 2015, Perfect, released on 16 October 2015 and History and these three singles reached the top 10 in a number of national charts. Upon its release, the record received favourable reviews from critics. It debuted at one on the UK Albums Chart with 93,189 copies. Additionally, Made in the A. M. was the second fastest-selling album of 2015 in the UK, surpassed only by Adeles 25, a week after the albums release. According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, Made in the A. M. was the sixth best-selling album of 2015 with 2.4 million copies sold worldwide, the album was announced on 22 September 2015. Following the release of its single, Drag Me Down. On 22 September, the title for the studio album. The group began to reveal the track listing on their Snapchat stories to which it was confirmed on iTunes. The band members all agreed that this album was the best work out of their efforts due to their main involvement with writing. Julian Bunetta, the producer behind many of the groups songs, there was a feeling of, Well, we’re going to take a break, and anything in the world can happen during that time off, adding Theres a song about losing someone that isnt Zayn. Theres also a song about the band being on shaky ground, there are songs about love, theres a song that is a little more sexually charged. Drag Me Down was spontaneously released as the lead single on 31 July 2015. It debuted at one on the UK Singles Chart, breaking the record for the most streamed song in its first week. In the United States, the song debuted at three on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, with 350,000 downloads in its first week. Drag Me Down also broke and set a new Vevo record by having the fastest and most likes earned in 24 hours, Perfect was serviced as the albums second single on 16 October 2015. The song debuted at two in the UK and number ten on the Billboard Hot 100 chart
Syco Music, also known as Syco Records, is a British record label founded by British music mogul Simon Cowell. It is a subsidiary of Cowells Syco, Syco Music has offices in London and Los Angeles and is home to several artists. Syco has the right to sign winners and finalists of The X Factor. Susan Boyles debut album, I Dreamed a Dream, has sold over 9 million copies, making it one of the best selling releases of the last decade and Sycos most successful release to date. They have signed three of the most successful bands in the world, One Direction, Little Mix, in 2010, Syco began diversifying by adding producer/singer-songwriter Labrinth. Savan Kotecha, who had been writing for Syco acts for several years, also became an A&R Director and set up a joint venture, Syco also began forming closer partnerships with other Sony Music Entertainment UK labels. For the first time, Syco entered into an agreement with Columbia Records that would see them together to launch the career of a The X Factor winner - Matt Cardle. Syco Music and its artists have been the targets of illegal hacking on several separate occasions, in 2009 ahead of the release of Leona Lewiss second album Echo, a number of unfinished demos and leftover songs from the project leaked online. An investigation was launched by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, working with the record label, alexandra Burke was also targeted, having two demo versions of songs from her debut album Overcome leak before the albums release. At the end of March 2010 it was reported that Syco had suffered once again from computer hackers who managed to obtain 14 of Burkes previously unheard studio recordings as well as 26 from Lewis. Following the second incident of leaks, Cowell contacted the FBI to track down those responsible, included in the leaks was a newly recorded version of Burkes All Night Long featuring American rapper Pitbull, which was tipped to be the singers third single in March 2010. According to Burke, the songs were leaked by Two little boys in Germany on work experience and it was later revealed in 2011 that songs recorded for Echo were targeted by the German hacker, Deniz A. also known as DJ Stolen. In July 2010, the Rasch law firm logged a complaint against DJ Stolen for constantly placing hacked songs on the internet. Amongst those songs listed in the complaint was one called Pulse, DJ Stolen was jailed for 18 months in June 2011. In February 2013, it was announced that One Direction would be releasing a version of One Way or Another. However, a version of the song leaked online and on 7 February 2013 Syco launched an investigation. A spokesperson told the press It is very disappointing that the song has been leaked, Syco Music started releasing music as a label in 2004
Sony Music Entertainment is an American music company owned by Sony. It is incorporated as a partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment. The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, in 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records. Sony Corporation bought the company in 1987 and renamed it Sony Music Entertainment in 1991, the buyout led to the dissolution of BMG, which relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is one of the Big Three record companies, being the second largest after Universal Music Group, in 1929, ARC was founded through a merger of several record companies. In 1934, in the midst of Great Depression, the Columbia Phonograph Company, ARC was acquired in 1938 by the Columbia Broadcasting System, which, in turn, had been formed by the Columbia Phonograph Company, but then sold off. ARC was renamed Columbia Recording Corporation, RCA Victor Records executive Ted Wallerstein convinced CBS head William S. Paley to buy ARC and Paley made Wallerstein head of the newly acquired record company. The renamed company made Columbia its flagship label and Okeh its subsidiary label and this allowed ARCs leased labels Brunswick Records and Vocalion Records to revert to their former owner Warner Bros. which sold them to Decca Records. Columbia kept the Brunswick catalogue recorded from December 1931 onward on the Columbia label and he was succeeded by James Conkling as head of Columbia Records. In 1951, Columbia severed its ties with the EMI-owned record label of the same name, Okeh Records continued to be distributed by EMI on the Columbia label. Columbia founded Epic Records in 1953 and in 1956, Conkling left Columbia and he would help establish the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences before eventually becoming the first president of the newly launched Warner Bros. His successor, Goddard Lieberson began the first of two stints as head of the record company, and in 1958, Columbia founded another label, Date Records, which initially issued rockabilly music. In 1960, Columbia/CBS began negotiations with its international distributor Philips Records with the goal of starting its own global record company. Philips acquisition of US-based Mercury Records in 1961 paved the way for this, elsewhere, CBSs Mexican record company, Discos Columbia, was renamed Discos CBS by 1963. In 1964, Columbia set out acquiring record companies in countries for its CBS Records International Unit. EMI continued to distribute Epic and Okeh label material on the Columbia label in the UK until the deal with EMI expired in 1968 when CBS took over distribution. In late 1965, the Date subsidiary label was revived and this label released the first string of hits for Peaches & Herb and scored a few minor hits from various other artists. Dates biggest success was Time of the Season by the Zombies, the label was discontinued in 1970