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Infotainment

Infotainment called soft news, is a type of media television, that provides a combination of information and entertainment. The term is used disapprovingly against more serious hard news. Many existing, self-described infotainment websites and social media apps provide a variety of functions and services; the label "infotainment" is emblematic of concern and criticism that journalism is devolving from a medium which conveys serious information about issues affecting public interest, into a form of entertainment which happens to have fresh "facts" in the mix. The criteria by which reporters and editors judge news value—whether something is worth putting on the front page, the bottom of the hour, or is worth commenting on at all—are integral parts of this debate; some blame the media for this perceived phenomenon, for failing to live up to ideals of civic journalistic responsibility, while others blame the commercial nature of many media organizations, the need for higher ratings, combined with a preference among the public for feel-good content and "unimportant" topics such as celebrity gossip or sports.

In a critique of infotainment, Bonnie Anderson of News Flash cited a CNN lead story on February 2, 2004 following the exposure of Janet Jackson's breast on national television. The follow-up story was about a ricin chemical attack on then-U. S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist. A specialization process has occurred, beginning with the rise of mass market special-interest magazines, moving into broadcast with the advent of cable television, continuing into new media such as the Internet and satellite radio. An increasing number of media outlets are available to the public which focus on single topics such as current events, home improvement, movies and Christianity. Consumers have a broad choice whether they receive a general feed of the most "important" information of the day or a customized presentation of a single type of content. Customized content streams may not be considered newsworthy nor contain a neutral point of view; some publications and channels have found a sizable audience in the "niche" of featuring hard news.

Controversy has continued over the size of the audience and whether outlets are diluting content with too much "soft" news. The distinction between journalists and anchors versus reporters are "human interest", personality, or celebrity news story pieces. Soft news reporters and stories are directed by marketing share departments based on a demographic appeal and audience share, it is accepted news anchors are media personalities which may be considered celebrities. Media outlets use on-air personalities for their public appeal to promote the network's investments similar to the regular broadcast schedule including self-promotion and advertising. Critics might go so far as to view anchors as a weak link, representing the misplacement of both the credit and the accountability of a news journalism organization—hence adding to a perceived erosion of journalistic standards throughout the news business. Most infotainment television programs on networks and broadcast cable only contain general information on the subjects they cover and should not be considered to be formal learning or instruction.

An example of a broadcast may include accusations of a celebrity or other individual committing a crime with no verifiable factual support or evidence of such claims. It can be said that many viewers and social critics disapprove of how media TV and cable, seem to hurtle from one event to another dwelling on trivial, celebrity-driven content As seen with the commodification celebrities and public figures/leaders, news media is more commodifying and selling the stories of people's lives for pure viewer reaction and entertainment as opposed to more focus being placed on real stories with informative meaning behind them. In October 2010 at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear, American political satirist Jon Stewart made a metaphorical statement regarding the media today: "The press can hold its magnifying glass up to our problems... illuminating issues heretofore unseen, or they can use that magnifying glass to light ants on fire and perhaps host a week of shows on the sudden, dangerous flaming ant epidemic."

This statement referred to the news media's ability to focus in on the real problems of people, transform them into what is known as infotainment, when this information is provided for the public's entertainment. Today's broadcasting of informative news is diluted with stories of scandal, although this is no concern for media and news broadcasters because if you can keep enough viewers week after week focused on whatever is that next "flaming ant epidemic", you can boost audience ratings and sell ads at higher rates Historically, the term infotainment was used to discredit woman journalists who were assigned soft news jobs. Soft news was expected to be consumed by only women, but it became the norm of news media in general; some define "journalism" only as reporting on "serious" subjects, where common journalistic standards are upheld by the reporter. Others believe that the larger "news business" encompasses everything from professional journalism to so-called "soft news" and "infotainment", support activities such as marketing, advertising sales and delivery.

A differentiation of the two concepts of "hard news" and "soft news" is controversial. Professional journalism is supposed to place more emphasis on research, fact-checking, the

Ichibata Electric Railway

Ichibata Electric Railway Co. Ltd. is the name of two related, yet different companies in Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Ichibata Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha was a railway operator until 2006, when it became a holding company of the Ichibata Group, spinning off its railway division to the newly founded Ichibata Densha Kabushiki-gaisha. Although the two have different names in Japanese, their official English names are identical; the company name is shortened to Bataden. Kita-Matsue Line: 33.9 km line between Dentetsu Izumoshi Station and Matsue Shinji-ko Onsen Station Taisha Line: 8.3 km line between Kawato Station and Izumo Taisha-mae Station 1000 series: 2-car EMUs converted from former Tokyu 1000 series cars 2100 series: 2-car EMUs converted from former Keio 5000 series cars 5000 series: 2-car EMUs converted from former Keio 5000 series cars 7000 series: Single-car EMUs introduced on 11 December 2016 In 2014, four former Tokyu 1000 series intermediate cars were resold to the Ichibata Electric Railway, reformed as two-car 1000 series sets with the addition of new cab ends.

These entered service on 9 February 2015. The former identities of the fleet are as shown below; as of 1 April 2017, two 7000 series cars were in operation. While all cars carry the same basic livery of white with orange stripes on the upper and lower body, each car has a different theme and colouring on the ends and body sides. 3000 series: 2-car EMUs converted from former Nankai 21000 series carsThe last 3000 series set was withdrawn following its final run on 22 January 2017, scrapped in February 2017. The Ichibata Light Railway was founded on 6 April 1912; the company opened the line from Izumo Imaichi Station to Unshuhirata on 29 April 1914, with services hauled by steam locomotives. The line was extended to Ichibata Station on 4 February 1915. Electric trains began operating on the line from 1 October 1927, following electrification of the line at 1,500 V DC, the line was extended to Kita-Matsue Station on 5 April 1928. Driver-only operation commenced on 20 February 1997; the 8.3 km line from Kawato Station to Izumo Taisha-mae Station opened in 1930, electrified at 1,500 V DC.

Railways, a 2010 Japanese film set on the Ichibata Railway Ichibata Electric Railway Ichibata Electric Railway

Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta

Since its inception in 1920, The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta has been serving the public interest by regulating the practices of professional engineering and geoscience in Alberta. Professional Engineers and Professional Geoscientists contribute to Alberta’s economic success and the enhanced quality of life enjoyed by all Albertans. APEGA receives its mandate from the Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act, which includes registering, setting practice standards, determining disciplinary actions, when necessary, for its members. APEGA maintains a national voice on broader issues regarding the engineering and geoscience professions through involvement with Engineers Canada, Geoscientists Canada, technical societies. APEGA's mission and guiding principles are set by an elected Council and Executive Committee and are carried out by staff members, all of whom abide by the EGP Act; the EGP Act is a Government of Alberta statute that empowers APEGA to regulate the professions of engineering and geoscience in Alberta.

Only individuals and companies licensed by APEGA can practice those professions or use the professional designations related to those professions. APEGA conducts an annual election for its Council, which consists of the Executive Committee and Councillors; the Executive Committee is made up of the President, Past-President, President-Elect, Vice-President. Members on the Executive Committee hold a one-year term, Councillors hold a three-year term; the Executive Committee and Councillors are elected by professional members of APEGA. Individuals interested in running for Council must be in good standing and have the professional designation of Professional Engineer, Professional Geoscientist, or Professional Licensee; the designations P. Eng. P. Geo. P. Geol. P. Geoph. Licensee, Professional Licensee, or a Permit to Practice in the case of a company, ensure that legal and experience requirements to practice have been met, they signify adherence to the standards and ethics of the engineering and geoscience professions.

In Alberta, only individuals licensed by APEGA can practice or use titles relating to those professions. Professional Engineer This licence allows qualified engineers to independently practice engineering in Alberta and to take professional responsibility for their work and the work of others. Professional Geoscientist This licence allows qualified geoscientists to independently practice geoscience in Alberta and to take professional responsibility for their work and the work of others; the P. Geol. and P. Geoph. Designations have been grandfathered under the P. Geo. Designation. LicenseeA Licensee has all of the practice rights and obligations of a professional member, except for the right to participate in APEGA elections; this designation is for those who are not permanent residents of Canada. Professional LicenseeThis licence allows qualified technologists to independently practice engineering or geoscience in Alberta within approved, defined scopes of practice and to take professional responsibility for their work.

Permit to Practice This licence allows qualified corporations to provide engineering and/or geoscience services to the public. Members of APEGA maintain their licences through continuing professional development, they comply with a professional code of ethics. Members are subject to investigation and discipline for unskilled or unethical practice of the professions. Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act and Geoscience Professions General Regulation, Alberta Regulation 150/1999 Official website

Shrub Oak, New York

Shrub Oak is an unincorporated hamlet and census-designated place located in the town of Yorktown in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 2,011 at the 2010 census. Shrub Oak is located at 41°19′49″N 73°49′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 1.6 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 1.23%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,812 people, 601 households, 495 families residing in the hamlet; the population density was 1,127.3 per square mile. There were 612 housing units at an average density of 380.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the hamlet was 93.16% White, 2.21% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 1.93% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.66% of the population. There were 601 households out of which 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.5% were non-families.

14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.35. In the hamlet the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males. The median income for a household in the hamlet was $80,108, the median income for a family was $87,226. Males had a median income of $59,432 versus $36,523 for females; the per capita income for the hamlet was $29,499. About 2.2% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The writer Clifford A. Pickover has used Shrub Oak as a backdrop in several of his books, including Sex, Drugs and Elves, "Liquid Earth" and A Beginner's Guide to Immortality.

Pickover may be the most famous resident of Shrub Oak. The famed stamp collector, philatelic writer and dealer, Herman Herst lived in Shrub Oak, which he mentions in many of his writings, he set up a local post in Shrub Oak T. C. Boyle uses Shrub Oak as setting for his short story "All Shook Up"

Frederick Schaefer

Frederick Schaefer was a German revolutionary and Union Army colonel during the American Civil War. He was a brigade commander at the battles of Pea Ridge and Stones River where he was killed in action. Schaefer was served in the armed forces there, he came to the United States as a result of his participation in the Revolutions of 1848, settled in Missouri. He was assigned to the Army of the Southwest, his regiment was part of the understrength 2nd Division commanded by Brig. Gen. Alexander Asboth. By seniority of his rank, Schaefer assumed command of the 1st Brigade. During the battle of Pea Ridge, Asboth's division was held in reserved. On the second day of the battle, Schaefer's brigade took part in Franz Sigel's counterattack. After the Union victory at Pea Ridge much of the Army of the Southwest was transferred to the Western Army Group commanded by Henry Halleck. Asboth's division was decreased to a brigade status in the Army of the Mississippi. Schaefer returned to regimental command during the siege of Corinth.

During the Kentucky Campaign, Schaefer was on sick leave and his regiment was led by Lieutenant Colonel Bernard Laiboldt. When Schaefer returned to command he was once again the ranking officer in his brigade, he assumed command of the 2nd Brigade in Philip H. Sheridan's 3rd Division of the XIV Corps. During the battle of Stones River Schaefer's brigade was held in reserve of Sheridan's division, his men were soon on the front lines and began to run low on ammunition. Not having an adequate supply on hand, Sheridan ordered his brigade commanders to fix bayonets and continue to resist the Confederate attacks. Sheridan's division was hard pressed throughout the first day of the battle and Schaefer became Sheridan's fourth brigade commander to fall in battle. Shea, William & Earl Hess. Pea Ridge: Civil War Campaign in the West University of North Carolina Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8078-4669-4

David Lingmerth

David Lingmerth is a Swedish professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour. Lingmerth played college golf at the University of West Florida and the University of Arkansas where he was a two-time All-American, he won one event at another at Arkansas. In 2010, Lingmerth turned professional, he went through all stages of the PGA Tour Qualifying school, finished T59th to earn a place on the Nationwide Tour. Lingmerth thus played on the Nationwide Tour during the 2011 season, he had some success with two third-place finishes and five top-10s but missed out on earning his PGA Tour card by two spots on the season-ending money list, finishing 27th. He played the PGA Tour Qualifying school again in a move to try and earn playing privileges, but finished way down the field outside the top 100. Lingmerth continued on the Web.com Tour in 2012 and after losing a playoff earlier in the year, he won his first title on the tour at the Neediest Kids Championship in October, finishing a stroke ahead of Casey Wittenberg.

Lingmerth ended the season ranked 10th on the money list, which earned him his PGA Tour card for the 2013 season. In only his second career start on the PGA Tour, Lingmerth finished as a joint runner-up at the Humana Challenge after losing in a three-man playoff, he shot a 10-under-par round of 62 in the final round to get into the playoff alongside Brian Gay and Charles Howell III. He was eliminated at the first extra hole after finding the water with his second shot to the par-5 18th hole. Lingmerth led the 2013 Players Championship in the third round, finishing T2, two strokes behind Tiger Woods, he finished his rookie season in 75th place, to retain his card for 2014. In 2014 however, he finished the season in 134th place, resulting in a visit to the Web.com Tour Finals. There he finished in 8th place. Lingmerth earned his first PGA Tour win at the 2015 Memorial Tournament. At the 2015 Quicken Loans National, Lingmerth finished solo third with a final round 69, four shots behind the winner, Troy Merritt.

In January 2016, Lingmerth lost in a sudden-death playoff to Jason Dufner at the CareerBuilder Challenge. This was the second time that Lingmerth had lost in a playoff at the event, following his runner up finish to Brian Gay in 2013, he lost on the second extra hole after hooking his second shot into the water at the 18th and had earlier had a putt for the victory from 20 feet on the first playoff hole. Despite this, the result moved Lingmerth into the top 50 in the world rankings, his uncle, Goran Lingmerth, played for the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League. 2002 Skandia Tour Elite Boys 15 2005 FSB Tour Elite Boys #4 2007 Dixie Amateur PGA Tour playoff record CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" indicates a tie for a place CUT = missed the halfway cut "T" indicates a tie for a place Amateur European Amateur Team Championship: 2009, 2010 Palmer Cup: 2010Professional World Cup: 2016 2012 Web.com Tour graduates 2014 Web.com Tour Finals graduates David Lingmerth at the PGA Tour official site David Lingmerth at the Official World Golf Ranking official site