Infusion (roller coaster)
Infusion known as Traumatizer, is an inverted steel roller coaster at Blackpool Pleasure Beach, England. It is a 689m standard "Mark 3" model Vekoma Suspended Looping Coaster and the first to be suspended over water. Infusion was relocated from Pleasureland Southport, Blackpool Pleasure Beach's sister park where it was known as Traumatizer; when Pleasureland closed in 2005, the ride was dismantled and moved to its current location where it has operated since. The original ride featured a red track with teal supports, however the track has since been repainted Persian Blue and the supports Midnight Blue; the ride has cost a total of £ 8 million to construct. Infusion was manufactured by Vekoma Rides Manufacturing based in the Netherlands, it is one of many 689m standard model. Riders are seated in eight rows of two for a total of 16 passengers per train with 2 trains being operated at any given time. Most Vekoma SLC's are capable of running up to 10 cars on each train however Vekoma modeled Infusion with only 8 to make the ride both smoother and faster.
The ride can carry up to 832 riders per hour. The ride at night is illuminated by floodlighting. Infusion can be found to the right of the Big Dipper on the Watson Overpass and guests must be between 132 cm and 200 cm to ride; the ride begins with the train climbing a 109-foot lift hill, before arching into a steep curved incline. The train rises up into a butterfly loop- two half loops connected by a corkscrew, before pulling upwards into a banked apex. From here the train drops into a sidewinder. A tight helix follows, providing a near miss with the Big Dipper, before the train straightens itself and pulls into a double inline twist. From here the train rolls into a 90 degree turn before pulling downwards and ascending into the brakes. Two 90 degree turns return the train to the station; the ride was the subject of a large marketing campaign and featured on BBC Newsround, the Daily Star and Daily Express newspapers and GMTV. The ride has been used in television advertisements; the ride was featured in a Specsavers advertisement when two elderly people rode the ride after mistaking the ride's train for a park bench.
In 2011, a 24-year-old woman was struck by a seagull that she saw flying towards the train as it made its way up the lift hill. This was never proven to be true however. Pleasure Beach, Blackpool website Press release BBC News "Pleasure Beach's New Thrill Ride
Infusion is the process of extracting chemical compounds or flavors from plant material in a solvent such as water, oil or alcohol, by allowing the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time. An infusion is the name for the resultant liquid; the process of infusion is distinct from both decoction—a method of extraction involving boiling the plant material—and percolation, in which water is passed through the material. The first recorded use of essential oils was in the 10th or 11th century by the Persian polymath Avicenna in The Canon of Medicine. Tea is far older than this, dating back to the 10th century BC as the earliest recorded reference. Infusion is a simple chemical process used with botanicals that are volatile and dissolve or release their active ingredients in water, oil, or alcohol; the botanicals are dried herbs, flowers or berries. The liquid is boiled and poured over the herb, allowed to steep in the liquid for a period of time; the liquid may be strained or the herbs otherwise removed from the liquid, creating an infusion.
Unless the infusion is to be consumed it may be bottled and refrigerated for future use. The amount of time the herbs are left in the liquid depends on the purpose for which the infusion is being prepared. Infusion times can range anywhere from seconds to days, or months. There have been several accessories and techniques for removing the steeped or left over products that were used to infuse liquids such as water, oil, or alcohol; the use of a metal steeper, which looks like a metal clamp. Tea infusers work as strainers and assist in removal of used herbs,leaves, etc. from over steeping or leaving residues. French presses are used to infuse water with various teas and coffee. Lastly, most used, the tea bag. Tea bags today are filled with various tea flavors. A common example of an infusion is tea. Many herbal teas are prepared by infusion, as well. Herbal infusions in water and oil are both used as herbal remedies. Coffee can be made through infusion, but is more made through percolation. Plants with desirable flavors may be steeped in an edible vinegar for an extended period.
Chilis, lemon and many other plants may be used. There can be ambiguity in the labeling of these oils: for example, what is described as sesame oil may be oil extracted from sesame seeds, or another vegetable oil infused with sesame. Aromatherapy Chinese herbology Decoction Herbalism List of cooking techniques Tincture Maceration Percolation The dictionary definition of infuse at Wiktionary Learning materials related to Infusion maker at Wikiversity
Route of administration
A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include intravenous administration. Routes can be classified based on where the target of action is. Action may be enteral, or parenteral. Route of administration and dosage form are aspects of drug delivery. Routes of administration are classified by application location; the route or course the active substance takes from application location to the location where it has its target effect is rather a matter of pharmacokinetics. Exceptions include the transdermal or transmucosal routes, which are still referred to as routes of administration; the location of the target effect of active substances are rather a matter of pharmacodynamics. An exception is topical administration, which means that both the application location and the effect thereof is local. Topical administration is sometimes defined as both a local application location and local pharmacodynamic effect, sometimes as a local application location regardless of location of the effects.
Administration through the gastrointestinal tract is sometimes termed enteral or enteric administration. Enteral/enteric administration includes oral and rectal administration, in the sense that these are taken up by the intestines. However, uptake of drugs administered orally may occur in the stomach, as such gastrointestinal may be a more fitting term for this route of administration. Furthermore, some application locations classified as enteral, such as sublingual and sublabial or buccal, are taken up in the proximal part of the gastrointestinal tract without reaching the intestines. Enteral administration can be used for systemic administration, as well as local, such as in a contrast enema, whereby contrast media is infused into the intestines for imaging. However, for the purposes of classification based on location of effects, the term enteral is reserved for substances with systemic effects. Many drugs as tablets, capsules, or drops are taken orally. Administration methods directly into the stomach include those by gastric feeding tube or gastrostomy.
Substances may be placed into the small intestines, as with a duodenal feeding tube and enteral nutrition. Enteric coated tablets are designed to dissolve in the intestine, not the stomach, because the drug present in the tablet causes irritation in the stomach; the rectal route is an effective route of administration for many medications those used at the end of life. The walls of the rectum absorb many medications and effectively. Medications delivered to the distal one-third of the rectum at least avoid the "first pass effect" through the liver, which allows for greater bio-availability of many medications than that of the oral route. Rectal mucosa is vascularized tissue that allows for rapid and effective absorption of medications. A suppository is a solid dosage form. In hospice care, a specialized rectal catheter, designed to provide comfortable and discreet administration of ongoing medications provides a practical way to deliver and retain liquid formulations in the distal rectum, giving health practitioners a way to leverage the established benefits of rectal administration.
The parenteral route is any route, not enteral. Parenteral administration can be performed by injection, that is, using a needle and a syringe, or by the insertion of an indwelling catheter. Locations of application of parenteral administration include: central nervous systemepidural, e.g. epidural anesthesia intracerebral direct injection into the brain. Used in experimental research of chemicals and as a treatment for malignancies of the brain; the intracerebral route can interrupt the blood brain barrier from holding up against subsequent routes. Intracerebroventricular administration into the ventricular system of the brain. One use is as a last line of opioid treatment for terminal cancer patients with intractable cancer pain. Epicutaneous, it can be used both for local effect as in allergy testing and typical local anesthesia, as well as systemic effects when the active substance diffuses through skin in a transdermal route. Sublingual and buccal medication administration is a way of giving someone medicine orally.
Sublingual administration is. The word "sublingual" means "under the tongue." Buccal administration involves placement of the drug between the cheek. These medications can come in the form of films, or sprays. Many drugs are designed for sublingual administration, including cardiovascular drugs, barbiturates, opioid analgesics with poor gastrointestinal bioavailability and vitamins and minerals. Extra-amniotic administration, between the endometrium and fetal membranes nasal administration (th
Affusion is a method of baptism where water is poured on the head of the person being baptized. The word "affusion" comes from the Latin affusio, meaning "to pour on". Affusion is one of four methods of baptism used by Christians, which include total submersion baptism, partial immersion baptism, aspersion or sprinkling. Christian denominations which baptize by affusion do not deny the legitimacy of baptizing by submersion or immersion. Affusion and aspersion tend to be practiced by Christian denominations that practice infant baptism; this may be due to the practical difficulties of immersing an infant underwater. However, Eastern Orthodox and some Roman Catholics practice infant immersion. Amish, Old Order Mennonites, Conservative Mennonites still practice baptism by pouring. Affusion became the standard practice in the western church around the 10th century, but was in use much earlier; the earliest explicit reference to baptism by affusion occurs in the Didache, the seventh chapter of which gives instructions on how to baptize, which include affusion: …But if you have no living water, baptize into other water.
But if you have neither, pour out water three times upon the head into the name of Father and Son and Holy Spirit. This text implies that early Christians saw affusion as a viable alternative to immersion when no living water or cold water is available. Acts of various martyrs show that many were baptized while awaiting martyrdom; the most common use, was for ill or dying people who could not rise from their beds. It was known as "baptism of the sick". Receiving this baptism was regarded as a bar to Holy Orders, but this sprang from the person's having put off baptism until the last moment—a practice that in the fourth century became common, with people enrolling as catechumens but not being baptized for years or decades. While the practice was decried at the time, the intent of the criticism was not to encourage baptism by immersion, but to refrain from delaying baptism. In the New Testament book of Acts, the baptism of the Holy Spirit is sometimes described, as a “pouring out” of the Holy Spirit.
Luke, the author of Acts, uses the word "baptism" to describe a "pouring," which seems to indicate that the word "baptism" can refer to pouring and not just dipping or immersing. It may indicate that Luke’s concept of baptism includes, or allows for, baptism by pouring. For instance, on Pentecost, the disciples were baptized with the Holy Spirit by having the Spirit “poured out” on them from heaven not by being dipped in the Holy Spirit until they were immersed. Submersionists say that passages like these do not directly speak to the issue of water baptism because they are speaking, about baptism with the Holy Spirit. Affusionists think they indirectly apply to water baptism, though, by telling us something about the general concept of baptism, regardless of whether the medium of baptism is water or Spirit. Affusionists see more evidence that Luke’s concept of baptism includes pouring by noting an additional possible connection between water baptism and Holy Spirit baptism. In Acts 10, Peter is “astonished that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles”.
Peter responds by saying, “Can anyone keep these people from being baptized with water? They have received the Holy Spirit just as we have". Affusionists read Peter to be saying "by having the Spirit poured out on them, these people have been baptized with the Spirit, so why not baptize them with water." They understand Peter’s words to imply that water baptism is a symbolic picture of the Holy Spirit baptism. If this is right, affusionists contend water baptism should be, or, at least, can be, by pouring, because the baptism with the Holy Spirit of which it is a picture occurs by pouring. Noteworthy to affusionists is that, in Luke 11:38, the word ἐβαπτίσθη is used in the Greek and baptizatus is used in the Latin. Both words are used, in other passages, but in that verse of Luke, the "washing" referred to is partial, like affusion. Aspersion Baptism Believer's baptism Baptism of desire Baptism of Jesus Baptism with the Holy Spirit Christianity Conditional baptism Immersion baptism Infant baptism John the Baptist Catholic Encyclopedia "Baptism"
A tea infuser is a device in which loose, dried tea leaves are placed for steeping or brewing, in a mug or a teapot full of hot water. The tea infuser gained popularity in the first half of the 19th century. Tea infusers enable one to steep tea from fannings and broken leaf teas; some infusers are removed along with the tea leaves from the pot, while so called shut-off infusers are left in the pot after the brewing process is complete. A tea infuser performs a similar function as a tea bag, a American invention; the infuser is a small mesh or perforated metal container or covered spoon that holds tea leaves, in varying sizes to steep single or multiple servings at once. Common shapes for infusers include spherical and cylindrical. One style of infuser is a split sphere with tong-like; the infuser is placed in a cup or pot of hot or boiling water, allowing the tea to brew without loose tea leaves spilling into the pot or cup. A rod or chain is attached to the container of the infuser to simplify retrieval from the pot or cup.
Infusers with large holes may not catch all the leaves, requiring the use of a tea strainer to remove the remaining pieces. While not common, a French press may be used as a tea infuser. However, most teas are infused only for a limited time and removed from the water so that the drink does not become bitter. Tea culture
Infusion were an Australian electronica band from Wollongong which formed in 1995. They're best known for their ARIA Music Award winning released "Girls Can Be Cruel" and Six Feet Above Yesterday. Infusion founding members, Jamie Stevens and Manuel Sharrad, met in 1988 at a local high school in Wollongong. Frank Xavier hails from Wollongong, although he did not meet the other two until they had relocated to Sydney. In 1995, Infusion released their debut single "Smokescreen / Lux" on the Dance Pool label while remixing other artists' tracks. In 1999, he band signed with Thunk Records, an underground electronic label and released their debut studio album and Numbers, in 2000; the trio's music evolved from the rave and club scene, widening in scope to include traditional pop song structures. Andrew Wowk from In the Mix said the release of "Spike" was "the turning point in their career" saying "the track encapsulated the group's reinvention of their sound into an unstoppable behemoth of dark, techy filth, which came as a fresh, subtle alternative to the over-saturation of floaty, uplifting progressive house of the time."
In October 2003, the group had relocated to Melbourne and signed with Sony BMG.. In April 2004, Infusion released the single "Girls Can Be Cruel", which received airplay on Australia's alternative music radio station, Triple J; the song won the ARIA Award for Best Dance Release at the ARIA Music Awards of 2004. The band released Six Feet Above Yesterday in 2004, which won the Best Dance Release at the ARIA Music Awards of 2005. "Better World" and "Natural" were charting singles from the album. Infusion's album All Night Sun Light was released on 7 July 2009 on their own independent label Futuresque. Infusion performed their last show with Leftfield at the Enmore Theatre in 2013. Xavier produces records under the pseudonym Francis Xavier on Australian label Motorik!, is a member of their rotating deejay collective, The Motorik Vibe Council, alongside members of The Lost Valentinos, The Bang Gang Deejays and Dreems, in addition to production credits on a plethora of tracks including Flight Facilities' debut "Crave You".
Jamie Stevens has released solo under his own name on a large variety of record labels. Infusion have won two ARIA Music Awards from two nominations. Infusion on MusicBrainz Infusion discography at Discogs