Aughrim, County Galway
Aughrim is a small village in County Galway, Ireland. It is located between the towns of Loughrea and Ballinasloe, along the old N6 national primary road, now listed as R446 regional road that used to be the main road between Galway and Dublin, its place in history is assured as it was here that the Marquis de St Ruth prepared the Irish troops for the Battle of Aughrim, fought, during the Williamite war in Ireland, on 12 July 1691. Two ringforts located to the south are a National Monument. According to the Irish census of 2011, the division had a population of 595. Aughrim is the base for the charitable organisation Sunflowers Chernobyl Appeal which carry out voluntary work in areas in Belarus affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. C.500 - Connell of Aughrim and founder. 736 - Flann Aighle, Bishop. 746 - Maelimarchair, Bishop. 782 - Rechtabhra mac Dubbchomar, Abbot. 809 - Maelduin of Aughrim and Airchinneach Aughrim is located on the old N6 Galway to Dublin road, Aughrim is now by-passed by the M6 motorway.
The motorway was opened on 23 July 2009 and 18 December 2009. It is located 5.5 kilometers from the Ballinasloe West M6 Junction. Aughrim can be accessed by public bus, with Bus Eireann and by private bus with, CityLink serving Aughrim on their Dublin to Galway routes. John Doogan, recipient of the Victoria Cross Aodh mac Aidmhire, Irish dynast, fl. c. 600. William James MacNeven, Republican negotiator during the 1798 Rising Holy Trinity Church is the Church of Ireland parish church for Aughrim, it was built in 1819 and consecrated on Trinity Sunday 1819 and it was therefore called Holy Trinity. It is cruciform in shape and is still in use as a parish church Rectors of Holy Trinity Church Rev. Henry Martin The Very Rev. John Fiennes Twisleton Crampton Illustrated road book of Ireland, Second Edition, Automobile Association, London List of towns and villages in Ireland
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Carraroe is a village in County Galway, Ireland, in the Irish-speaking region of Connemara, famous for its traditional fishing boats known as Galway Hookers. Its population is dispersed over Carraroe peninsula between Greatman's Bay and Casla Bay. Carraroe has an unusual beach, Trá an Dóilín, a biogenic gravel beach made of coralline algae known as "maerl". Galway Hookers are a distinctive form of native Irish boat, Carraroe is today the single most important centre for these boats; every August bank holiday, Carraroe hosts Féile an Dóilín, the largest Galway hooker festival in Ireland, one of the largest maritime festivals in the country. The 2006 Féile an Dóilín, named after the area's unique "coral strand", was the largest gathering of Galway hookers in the history of Galway hooker regattas; the main boats are the larger Báid Mhóra and Leathbháid, which in earlier times were used for hauling turf from the peat bogs in Connemara to the Aran Islands and the Burren of County Clare, where peat is absent.
The smaller boats are the Gleoiteoga. These boats can be found at Sruthan Pier, the main pier in Carraroe and in the Caladh Thadhg area in Carraroe,from Caladh Thadhg pier you will get panoramic views of the Twelve Bens mountains. Today the main activity of all these boats is racing, there are numerous regattas along the Connemara coast. Among the most famous boats are An Mhaighdean Mhara, An American Mor and An Tonai. Currach racing is held on the lake close to the village; every year at the festival of Cruinniú na mBád, a large flotilla of traditional Connemara boats race across Galway bay from Carraroe to Kinvara. Féile an Dóilín is the west of Ireland's premier maritime festival, taking place annually on the shores of Carraroe, Connemara. Irish is the main spoken language of Carraroe, the settlement being the most populous Irish speaking village in the Connemara Gaeltacht, it is one of the strongest Irish speaking areas in Ireland. In 2016, Carrararoe was a town with one of the highest percentages of daily Irish speakers in Ireland, with 61.6 per cent stating that they spoke it daily.
Under the Gaeltacht Act 2012, the Gaeltacht was redefined into 26 Limistéar Pleanála Teanga, or Language Planning Areas. Of these, An Cheathrú Rua area recorded the 3rd largest proportion of daily Irish speakers in Ireland in 2016, at 65.1 per cent. There are two summer schools, that teach Irish to English-speaking secondary-school students from all over Ireland. Students stay for three weeks with local families. Carraroe is a centre for the Irish-language media; the main national Irish-language newspaper Foinse had its head office in the village. Catholic church services are in Irish only. All school lessons are conducted in Irish. Trá an Dóilín, a blue flag beach near the village, is noted for its fine "coral". Contrary to the English name, the beach is made of coralline algae known as maerl; this biogenic gravel beach is rare and of great conservation importance. Áras Mháirtín Uí Chadhain is one of the Gaeltacht centres of Oifig na Gaeilge Labhartha of the National University of Ireland, Galway.
The Áras opened in 1977. The centre is named in honour of Máirtín Ó Cadhain, author of Cré na Cille, an important work of modern Irish language fiction. Páirc an Chathanaigh is a community-owned sports ground in the village, it is the home ground of both gaelic football club An Cheathrú Rua and An Ghaeltacht rugby union club. It hosted Galway United F. C.'s 1986–87 UEFA Cup soccer match against FC Groningen when Terryland Park failed to meet UEFA standards. Local soccer club C. S. Mac Dara competes in the District League. Connemara Isles Golf Club with his 9-hole course is located 5 miles from Carraroe. Carraroe is served by Bus Éireann route 424 from Galway; the town is mentioned in the lyrics of the Waterboys' 1993 hit "Glastonbury Song", which refers to several Irish and British sites associated with ancient Celtic ritual: We came down from the hill of dreams Bernadette, mother earth and you and me Through Carraroe, down the wildwood side. The town gives its name to the traditional tune "Carraroe Jig".
The jig has been recorded including Patrick Street, Mick Moloney and The Corrs. Carraroe is the home of the fictional Nuala Anne McGrail, heroine of novelist Andrew Greeley's "Irish" series which began with Irish Gold in 1994. List of towns and villages in Ireland Tomás Mac Eoin Féile an Dóilín CLG An Cheathru Rua Carraroe Population Stats 2006 Carraroe Media related to Carraroe at Wikimedia Commons
Ballynahinch, County Galway
Ballynahinch or Ballinahinch is situated close to Recess in County Galway in the west of Ireland, on the road from Recess to Roundstone. It lies on the route of the former railway line from Galway city to Clifden; the name comes from the Irish Baile na hInse meaning settlement of the island. Ballynahinch Castle, built in 1684 for the Martyn family, is located there. Ballynahinch railway station opened on 1 November 1895, was closed on 29 April 1935. List of towns and villages in Ireland
Ballymacward is a village in County Galway, Ireland, on the R359 regional road between the main road and rail networks which traverse east-west, 24 kilometres from Ballinasloe and 48 kilometres from Galway City. It was once part of the kingdom of the Soghain of Connacht, it lies 4 km north of Woodlawn railway station. Woodlawn railway station opened on 1 August 1858 and was closed for goods traffic on 2 June 1978, it is on the main Iarnród Éireann Intercity line from Dublin to Galway, situated between Ballinasloe and Attymon halt stations. List of towns and villages in Ireland Photographs 1 Photographs 2
Ballinderreen is a village located on the N67 route between Kilcolgan and Kinvara in south County Galway, in Ireland. Ballinderreen village is 22 km south of Galway City and is a part of the townland of Ballinderreen. Ballinderreen is both the name of the Catholic diocesan parish of Galway and the townland where the village is situated, it takes its name from oak trees in the village. The Irish name of the village, Baile an Doirín, means "town of the little derry or little oakwood", suggesting the area may once have been more forested with oak trees, it contains the early Christian settlement of Surney of Drumacoo. It had a population of 997 under the 2006 census; this represents an increase of 15% on the 2002 figure. The Ballinderreen GAA colours are two vertical stripes of white; the parish of Ballinderreen covers a larger area, taking in part of the village of Kilcolgan on the N18 and borders Clarinbridge and Ardrahan. The village itself is quite small, with a pub, a primary school, a church, a creche, several sports pitches (mainly used for hurling, a nursing home, a community centre.
A small shopping centre including a fuel station, convenience store and take away restaurant opened in 2009. Between 2000 and 2010 Ballinderreen saw the construction of many new houses and several small residential developments; this has resulted in a large increase in the village's population. Ballinderreen has become a popular place to live due to its close proximity to Galway City. Other factors include vibrant festivals in the neighbouring villages of Clarinbridge and Kinvara, its location on the shores of Galway Bay and scenery of the bay and The Burren in County Clare; the parish is bordered by the shores of Galway Bay. This includes Brandy Dunbulcaun Bay to the north and Kinvara Bay to the west. Aran Pier, Mulroog Pier and Tarrea Pier shelter some private pleasure crafts on these shores and offer views of Galway Bay. Public transport to the village is poor with only two to three services per day passing through the village; however Bus Éireann and CityLink operate services through Kilcolgan, five minutes away, to Galway, Limerick and Shannon Airport.
The Ballinderreen area itself has sometimes referred to by locals as the mini burren due to its turlough and limestone pavement. A lake with extensive reed beds is present about 1 km west of the village. Residents of Ballinderreen send their children to the national school in the village, one of the oldest national schools in the country, having been built in 1857. Other popular primary schools in the area are the Irish Language Gaelscoil de hÍde in nearby Oranmore and Educate Together in Kilcolgan. Secondary schools in Kinvara and Gort cater for the older children. A community of local musicians and singers known as Ceoltóirí an Doirín have formed a nonprofit organisation aimed at providing facilities for learning and playing traditional Irish music in Ballindereen; this group organise lessons and instrument rental to encourage traditional music and have recorded examples of local musicians and produced several musical events in the area. The tradition of Mummers is alive in the Ballinderreen area with regular visits by brightly dressed Wrenboys frequent on St. Stephen's Day and Mummers calling door to door at Halloween.
Ballinderreen hurling club was founded in 1884, has had little success in terms of silverware at the older age level but did win the minor B in 1987. The club has always been competitive in senior competition, plays at senior level, it won the Galway Intermediate hurling championship in 2017, beating Meelick Eyrecourt by 1-14 to 0-13 in the final. The club has produced many local legends, some of whom of are regarded amongst the greats of the game: Noel Lane, Joe McDonagh, Mick Gill. Other sporting activities in the area include an active golf society which hosts regular golf outings, a camogie club which caters for teams from U'8 up to Junior, a variety of water sports, including boating and swimming at the local pier at Killeenaran. In 2011 the club's Junior B hurlers became the first Galway team to win a Leinster title. Shortly afterward, the team secured an all Ireland victory after a 2-6 to 0-5 defeat of Donneraile, Co. Cork. List of towns and villages in Ireland Ballinderreen Community Website
Ahascragh is a village in east Galway, Ireland. It is located 11 km north-west of Ballinasloe on the Ahascragh/Bunowen River, a tributary of the River Suck; the R358 regional road passes through the village. The Patron saint of the village is Saint Cuan, his death is recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters in 788 A. D. St. Cuan's Well lies to the northeast; the Annals mention the battle of Ahascragh in 1307 between the English forces and O'Kelly Chieftains. Ahascragh had two Anglo-Irish seats of residence, located in Castlegar and Clonbrock, with respective period houses. In Castlegar sat the Mahon family; the Mahons were settled at Castlegar from the late 17th century. They intermarried on a number of occasions with members of the Browne family of Westport. In 1819 the head of the family became a baronet. In the 1830s, at the time of the first Ordnance Survey, Ross Mahon was the proprietor of several townlands in the parish of Ahascragh; the Mahon estate was one of the principal lessors in the parish of Grange, barony of Loughrea at the time of Griffith's Valuation.
Mr. Charles Filgate acted as agent for this property; the Mahons held extensive lands in the baronies of Clonmacnowen and Killian. In the 1870s the Castlegar estate amounted to over 32 km2 in county Galway as well as over 3.2 km2 in the parish of Termonbarry, barony of Ballintober North, county Roscommon. In 1906 Sir William Mahon held over 4.9 km2 of untenanted land in the Ahascragh area. MacLochlainn writes that most of the estate was sold to the Land Commission in 1977. In 1979 the house was sold by the Mahons to John Horan, who advertised the house for sale again in 1988. There is still a house at this site. In Clonbrock sat the Dillon family. Lord Clonbrock was listed as a resident proprietor in county Galway in 1824. At the time of Griffith's Valuation, Lord Clonbrock was one of the principal lessors in the parishes of Ahascragh, Fohanagh and Killosolan in the barony of Kilconnell and Killoran in the barony of Longford. In the 1870s the Clonbrock estate in county Galway amounted to over 110 km2.
Lands and demesne at Cahir, barony of Clonmacnowen, owned by James Dillon, were offered for sale in the Encumbered Estates court in July 1854. In 1906 Lord Clonbrock held over 8.1 km2 of the mansion house at Clonbrock. Still a small village, the community is served by five pubs: Katie Daly's, Clinton's, Kathleen's and DeCourcy's. There are several hairdressers, two undertakers and one auctioneer located in the village. There is petrol pumps. There is one large supplier of general goods. There is a National School in Ahascragh; the village was described as the'safest village in Ireland' in an article published in "The Irish Daily Mail". Philip Treacy, OBE. Born and raised on Church Street, Treacy is a leading milliner based in London. Mairtín Byrnes. An award-winning Irish fiddle player of the East Galway style, on the list of all-Ireland Fleadh champions, 1970. Sean'ac Donncha. An award-winning Irish singer, the headmaster for many years in Ahascragh national school, his name in English was Sean McDonagh.
Eamon Gilmore. Born in the parish of Ahascragh, in the village of Caltra, Gilmore was leader of the Labour Party and Tánaiste Mary Harney. Born into a farming family in the Ahascragh locality, Harney became leader of the Progressive Democrats and a government minister holding various portfolios, including that of Tánaiste. Rónán Mullen. A university panel member of Seanad Éireann, Mullen is an independent politician. Fr. Kevin Reynolds. A priest subjected to a defamation by Raidió Teilifís Éireann in Mission to Prey; the fishing season on the Bunowen River is between September. Species in the river include Wild Brown Trout; the local fishery is part of the Shannon Regional Fisheries Board's'Midland Fisheries Group' of controlled waters and anglers require a fishing permit to fish here. RTÉ's award-winning show Don't Feed the Gondolas presented by Sean Moncrieff, satirised small village Ireland at the end of each show, choosing Ahascragh and the fictional "Head of the Parish Co-mit-tea" Monica Loolly as its instrument.
The following footnotes will bring you to a site playing a Monica Loolly call and secondly pictures from the show. 788 - Cuan of Ath Eascrach... died. 1307 - The greater number of the English of Roscommon were slain by Donough Muimhneach O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, at Ath-easgrach-Cuan, where Philip Muinder, John Muinder, Main Drew, with many others whose names are not mentioned, were killed. Dermot Gall Mac Dermot, Cormac Mac Kaherny, the sheriff of Roscommon, were taken prisoners. Donough O'Kelly, after he had performed these exploits, died. List of towns and villages in Ireland Ahascragh at Ireland West Pictures of the village and some of its residents