Oa is a fictional planet that lies at the center of the DC Comics universe. Since its inception, Oa has been the planetary citadel of the Guardians of the Universe and the headquarters of the Green Lantern Corps, it first appeared in Green Lantern vol 2 #1, when the Guardians summoned Hal Jordan's "energy duplicate" so they could hear of his origin. One of the oldest planets in the universe, Oa serves as the home and headquarters for a race of blue-skinned powerful humanoids who have dubbed themselves the Guardians of the Universe; the Guardians administer the Green Lantern Corps, a group of powerful universal police officers equipped by the Guardians with green-colored power rings along with green lanterns with which to charge the rings. According to the story "Heart of a Star" in the Sandman: Endless Nights graphic novel, Oa's star is called Sto-Oa by the children of the planet's inhabitants, its location has been established by numerous references in Green Lantern comics over the years. It was the center of the universe until the events of Infinite Crisis.
Oa's history is not clear. These evolved Maltusians moved to Oa and named themselves Oans. Oa became a convenient base of operations. Other stories had the Oans living there from the beginning. Oa appears as a desert-like, lifeless planet except for the Guardians' city which contains the Corp Central Battery and various halls, living quarters, containment cells and training centers for the Green Lantern Corps, it serves as a planet-sized all-in-one police station, training grounds and prison. During a period where the planet had been abandoned and the Central Battery destroyed, Oa spent some time as a patchwork mosaic of cities from other planets similar to Battleworld; this transformation was due to a rogue Guardian driven insane by solitude. When the Guardians returned to Oa, Mosaic was kept as an experiment in inter-galactic cooperative living. Green Lantern Corps member Hal Jordan, the Green Lantern of sector 2814, under the influence of the evil entity Parallax, kills all but one of the Guardians and most of the Corps before draining Oa's Central Power Battery of its energy.
During the final Zero Hour: Crisis in Time battle with Hal Jordan, Kyle Rayner destroys the planet in an attempt to defeat Hal. In the crossover Green Lantern vs the Silver Surfer, the Marvel Universe villain Thanos attempts to use the rift created by Oa's destruction to unmake the multiverse, after tricking Kyle into powering his equipment with his ring. Thanos is confronted by Parallax and their powers are drained by Kyle and the Surfer destroying the rift. During the Circle of Fire event, what remains of the planet served as a base of operations for the villain Oblivion; the planet is reformed sometime by Jordan's old friend and associate Tom "Pie-Face" Kalmaku in the graphic novel Legacy: The Last Will and Testament of Hal Jordan. The Central Power Battery is recharged and the Guardians resurrected shortly thereafter by Kyle Rayner after he spends some time as the near-omnipotent "Ion", Kyle sacrificing his power to restore the Guardians rather than risk becoming as dangerous as Hal-as-Parallax.
After attacks by Superboy-Prime and the Spider Guild, the Guardians fortify Oa by creating a planetwide armor and defensive system to prevent attacks. The full capability of the new systems is still unknown, they were not, enough to prevent an assault by the Sinestro Corps, which resulted in the deaths of many Green Lanterns. Afterward, the Corps doubled its defenses. However, a rogue Guardian, weakened its defenses for an attack from the Black Lantern Corps. After Sinestro killed the Guardians for their "Third Army" plot and their part in Korugar's destruction by the First Lantern Volthoom—although he spared and exiled both Ganthet and Sayd—Hal Jordan became the new leader of the Green Lantern Corps. Shortly after this, the planet was destroyed by Relic; the Green Lanterns' new base of operations following the destruction of Oa became Mogo. It is revealed in Final Crisis: Legion of 3 Worlds that Sodam Yat is the last Guardian of the Universe in the 31st century, while Rond Vidar is the last remaining Green Lantern until he is killed by Superboy-Prime's Legion of Super-Villains.
Oa lies in ruins, the power battery cracked, the rings of the Corps lie in a pile, unable to locate new bearers due to the apparent death of Mogo. Statues of legendary Green Lantern Corps members, including Hal Jordan, Guy Gardner, John Stewart, Kyle Rayner, Ch'p, line the hall where the Guardians met. Dining Hall: The dining hall can accommodate any Green Lantern's nutritional needs; the executive chef, specializes in replicating dishes from across the universe. He has trouble replicating the vast number of foods from Earth; the Foundry: Forge of the Green Lantern rings and the Green Lantern battery. It is underground about two miles from the Central Power Battery and is guarded by an alien creature. Hall of Great Service: Housing the massive Book of Oa—the Corps' lawbook and bible—the Hall of Great Service is a library of the stories and deeds of the finest Green Lanterns of all time. Like his father before him, Tomar-Tu took the position of archivist superior, filing every tale as it comes in.
Hazard Simulation Facility: All rookie Green Lanterns endure a series of tests to determine their viability in the field. The hazard simulation facility allows for non-lethal training scenarios to be enacted. Meeting Hall: Lanterns receive their briefings and assignments in the central meeting hall. Memorial Hall: A memorial erected to Green Lanterns who lost their lives in the line of duty. A Green Lantern named Mo
Big Sir (comics)
Big Sir is a fictional DC Comics character. He first appeared in The Flash #338. Big Sir made his live appearance on the fourth season of The Flash played by Bill Goldberg; this version is an ally to Barry Allen while he is in prison. Born Dufus P. Ratchett, he had a malformed brain gland that caused him to grow to incredible proportions but left him mentally handicapped, he was abducted from his Central City Breedmore Mental Hospital home by the Rogues who equipped him with a high-tech suit of armor created by the Monitor. This suit was armored, could fly, included a powerful energy flail. However, it made him susceptible to telepathic suggestion. Big Sir was told that the Flash had just beaten upon the Rogues Gallery and to make matters worse, he had hurt a mouse. Enraged, Big Sir ambushed the Flash, at the time on trial in Central City for the murder of Professor Zoom; the dim-witted Sir managed to strike the Flash in the head with his energy flail causing the hero horrific facial injuries. With the last of his strength, Flash managed to run to Gorilla City, where his injuries were healed by Solovar and a simian medical team.
Returning to Central City, the Flash managed to subdue Big Sir and took him back to Gorilla City where their super-science corrected his mental deficiencies. After his treatment, Ratchet's IQ was near genius level and he became a respected member of society; when he returned as a part of the Injustice League, his intelligence had returned to its prior low levels. No explanation for this has been given; the team, led by Major Disaster, survived due to bizarre luck that saved their lives and their freedom, but their dignity. Big Sir and his friends attempt to learn the French language but this ends badly because the Justice League Europe ended up being in the same class. A fight broke out; this involves Big Sir meeting Wally West. Big Sir and Major Disaster by themselves broke the bank at the unofficial Club Justice League, quite to much chaos and confusion; this confusion was further enhanced by the Club having been built on a sentient island, Kooey Kooey Kooey, who chose the time of the incident to go traveling.
The Injustice League once became Justice League Antarctica. There, Big Sir encountered flesh-eating penguins and had his life saved by the canine Green Lantern, G'nort; the entire Antarctica base was destroyed in a battle with the flesh-eating penguins. Though the Justice League of America had to intervene, G'nort did save the lives of his teammates. Around this time, Big Sir and the Injustice League participated in an attempt to con a cult leader out of his fortune. After the fiasco with the Justice League Antarctica, he was fired by Maxwell Lord with full benefits and a month's pay, along with all his friends; this measure of respect prompted a visit to Max in Justice League Of America #53, the first part of the Breakdowns crossover. Max was in the hospital after a brutal assassination attempt. There, Big Sir accidentally injured four police officers when he wanted to remove their guns. This, combined with a panicking nurse, caused the room to be surrounded by police, who believe Max to be in danger.
The Martian Manhunter uses his invisibility to spy on the group. He decided to leave them there. Big Sir joined the Suicide Squad in return for a pardon, along with most of his Injustice League friends, they are sent in to deal with a terroristic/hostage situation on a small island owned by the country of Iceland. The problems stemmed from a mad scientist becoming obsessed with an evolutionary advanced life form. Big Sir encounters a genetically engineered biological form in shape of a small child; when he picks it up, thinking it is a real child, it explodes in his arms. He is killed instantly. However, since other members of the team who were thought to have been killed were shown to have survived, it is still within possibility that Big Sir did as well, though he has not as yet made any further appearances. Although Big Sir's strength levels would not be considered superhuman, he did possess raw physical power greater than that of a normal human being, he has an electronic flail that emits spikes of pure energy or a steady stream of energy able to propel Ratchett through the air.
Ratchett's helmet emits "telepathic noise". A version of Big Sir appears in The Flash, played by Bill Goldberg, he is a man of normal intelligence in Iron Heights Prison, indebted to Henry Allen, saves Barry from an attack by several other inmates. This version's real name is David P. Ratchett. Flash Vol. 1 #338: "The Revenge of the Rogues" Flash Vol. 1 #339: "Warday" Flash Vol. 1 #340: "Reach Out and Waste Somebody" Flash Vol. 1 #341: "Trial and Tribulation" Flash Vol. 1 #342: "Smash-Up" Crisis on Infinite Earths #5: "Worlds in Limbo" Justice League International Vol. 1 #23: "Gross Injustice" Justice League Europe #6: "No More Teachers' Dirty Looks...?!" Justice League America #34: "Club JLI" Justice League America #35: "Lifeboat" Justice League America #53: "Breakdowns Part 1" Justice League America Annual #4: "What's Black and White and Black and White and Bl" Justice League Quarterly #4: "The Sunnie Caper" Justice League Europe #49: "Red Winter 5: Hard Ground" Justice League Europe #50: "Red Winter 6: The Ice Breaks" Outsiders Vol. 2 #9: "Breakout" Suicide Squad Vol. 2 #1: "Almost a Good Idea" Big Sir at DC Comics Wiki Big Sir at
Firestorm is the name of several fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Ronnie Raymond and Martin Stein debuted as the first incarnation in Firestorm, the Nuclear Man No. 1 and were created by Gerry Conway and Al Milgrom. Jason Rusch debuted as a modern update of the character in Firestorm vol. 3 No. 1, was created by Dan Jolley and ChrisCross. Firestorm was featured in the CW's Arrowverse, portrayed by Robbie Amell, Victor Garber, Franz Drameh; the first Firestorm series was short-lived, canceled abruptly in a company-wide cutback with #5 the last to be distributed, #6 included in Cancelled Comic Cavalcade. Writer Gerry Conway added Firestorm to the roster of Justice League of America; this led to a series of eight-page stories in the back of The Flash, a revival of a monthly Firestorm comic in 1982. The Fury of Firestorm lasted from 1982 until 1990. Another Firestorm series began in 2004 with a new character in the role of Firestorm, Jason Rusch, after Ronnie Raymond was killed off in the pages of Identity Crisis.
Rusch was poorly received and his book was canceled after 30 issues and the Ronnie Raymond Firestorm was resurrected in the pages of Blackest Night. Yet another Firestorm title was launched in 2011. Starring both Ronnie and his successor Jason, it was one of the New 52 titles launched in the wake of DC's Flashpoint crossover event; the series, The Fury of Firestorm the Nuclear Men, was written by Gail Simone and Ethan Van Sciver and drawn by Yıldıray Çınar. Joe Harris replaced Simone starting in Issue 7, while co-writer Van Sciver provided the art for Issues 7 and 8 before Çınar returned. Veteran writer/artist Dan Jurgens took over the series with issue #13 in 2012, until the series' end with issue #20 in 2013. In 2016, Firestorm was one of the features in the Legends of Tomorrow miniseries, which united Martin Stein and Jefferson Jackson as Firestorm for the first time in the New 52 universe; the original Firestorm was distinguished by his integrated dual identity. High school student Ronnie Raymond and Nobel Prize-winning physicist Martin Stein were caught in an accident that allowed them to fuse into Firestorm the "Nuclear Man".
Due to Stein's being unconscious during the accident, Raymond was prominently in command of the Firestorm form with Stein a voice of reason inside his mind, able to offer Raymond advice on how to use their powers without having any control over their dual form. Banter between the two was a hallmark of their adventures. Stein was completely unaware of their dual identity, leaving him concerned about his unusual disappearances and blackouts, but Ronnie was able to convince him of the truth, allowing them to bond as separate individuals rather than as parts of a whole. After the accident, Firestorm took to defending New York City from such threats as Multiplex and Killer Frost; the 1982 series began with the teenaged Raymond adjusting to his newfound role and delved into the issue of the nuclear arms race. The Fury of Firestorm developed the lives of Raymond and Stein, as the teenager struggled with high school and moved towards graduation and the scientist found a life outside the lab after learning about his bond with Raymond.
A second nuclear hero, was added as a love interest for Firestorm in 1984. The series tried to create a sense of fun, something that Gerry Conway felt was missing during his years writing Spider-Man. Upon graduation from high school, Raymond entered college in Pittsburgh, where Stein had been hired as a professor. Afterward, together they searched for a cure for their bond; when Conway left the series in 1986, John Ostrander began writing the Firestorm stories. His first major story arc pitted Firestorm against the world, as the hero, acting on a suggestion from a terminally ill Professor Stein, demanded that the United States and the Soviet Union destroy all of their nuclear weapons. After confrontations with the Justice League and most of his enemies, Firestorm faced the Russian nuclear superhero Pozhar in the Nevada desert, where an atomic bomb was dropped on them. A new Firestorm resulted, a fusion of the two heroes: this new Firestorm was composed of Ronnie Raymond and the Russian Mikhail Arkadin but controlled by the disembodied amnesiac mind of Martin Stein.
The Firestorm with Arkadin proved to be a transitional phase, as in 1989 Ostrander fundamentally changed the character of Firestorm by revealing that Firestorm was a "Fire Elemental". Firestorm now became something of an environmental crusader, formed from Ronnie Raymond, Mikhail Arkadin and Svarozhich, a Soviet clone of the previous Firestorm, but with a new mind. Professor Stein, no longer part of the composite at all, continued to play a role, but the focus was on this radically different character. New artist Tom Mandrake would create a new look to match, it was during this phase that Firestorm met and befriended Sango and the Orishas, the elemental gods of Nigeria. He met their chief deity and Sango's older brother Obatala, Lord of the White Cloth. By the series' 100th issue, Stein learned that he was destined to be the true Fire Elemental and would have been were it not for Raymond being there by circumstance. Raymond and Arkadin were returned to their old lives, Stein as Firestorm was accidentally exiled to deep space in the process of saving the Earth.
He thereafter spent many years traveling through space as a wanderer, returning to Earth only rarely. After the transition to the elemental Firestorm, all of the main char
Dial H for Hero
Dial H for Hero is a comic book feature published by DC Comics about a magical dial that enables an ordinary person to become a superhero for a short time, by selecting the letters H-E-R-O in order. Each time it is used, the dial causes its possessor to become a superhero with a different name and powers; these superheroes are new, but on one occasion the dial caused its user to become a duplicate of existing superheroes like Plastic Man. Some versions of the dial contain additional letters; the original series debuted in House of Mystery #156, continued until issue #173. The art was with scripts by Dave Wood; the original owner of the dial is Robert "Robby" Reed, a intelligent teenager with a penchant for exclaiming "Sockamagee!" He lives in the fictional town of Littleville, Colorado with his grandfather "Gramps" Reed and their housekeeper Miss Millie. During a camping trip, Robby accidentally falls into a cavern and discovers the dial in one of its alcoves; the origins of the dial and how it came to be in the cavern are never revealed.
Resembling a rotary telephone dial, the device is hand-held with unknown symbols inside the dial's finger- openings and along its outer rim, which Robby deciphers into modern English letters. In Mark Waid's "Silver Age" mini-series, it is revealed; each time he dials the letters H-E-R-O, Robby transforms into a different super-powered being. Robby soon uses the dial to protect Littleville under the guises of numerous superheroes The H-Dial came with certain limitations. Robby could transform from one hero to another but he would have to wait an unspecified length of time after being one hero before using the dial again to become another. In House of Mystery #165, a "freak electrical storm" in space affects his H-Dial, changing him temporarily into oddly-shaped "freak" super-heroes dubbed "Whoozis", "Whatsis", "Howzis". In House of Mystery #173, certain high-pitched frequencies from a villain's supersonic motor affect Robby's hero forms, causing them to rob the criminals and keep the loot for themselves.
Only after the motor is destroyed does Robby realize what is happening to him, enabling him to recover the stolen items. Robby's H-Dial could be used by others, transforming them into unique superhuman forms; the dial was once used by Robby's adversary Daffy Dagan in House of Mystery #158 - he became a supervillain known as Daffy the Great after dialing V-I-L-L-A-I-N. In House of Mystery #169, Robby's girlfriend Suzie discovers Robby's secret and dialed H-E-R-O-I-N-E to temporarily transform into Gem Girl in order to help defeat Toymaster. At the end of the story, Suzie receives a blow to the head that causes her to forget about the secret of the device. After the series ceased its run in House of Mystery, Robby appeared in Plastic Man #13. Recovering from an attack of amnesia, Robby retrieves his dial; the corrosion causes Robby to turn into an evil version of Plastic Man and he attacks the real Plastic Man. After defeating Robby and returning him to normal, Plastic Man confiscates the dial from Robby for using it irresponsibly.
It is never explained how Robby is seen with the dial in stories. The second Dial H for Hero series debuted in the 1980s, in a special insert in Legion of Super-Heroes #272 ran in Adventure Comics #479–490 and continued in New Adventures of Superboy #28–49. A new feature of this series was that the readers could submit new hero and villain characters, which were used in the stories; the submitters were given credit for their creations. Some, only made cameo 1-panel appearances; the original writer and artist in the series were Carmine Infantino. In this series, two other dials are discovered years by teenagers Christopher "Chris" King and Victoria "Vicki" Grant of the New England town of Fairfax in a "haunted house." These dials — disguised as a watch and a necklace — only have the letters H-E-R-O on them, work only for an hour, after which they will not work for another hour. King and Grant begin protecting Fairfax from a number of menaces. Unknown to them, most of these villains are created by a mysterious villain known only as The Master who creates them from the cell samples of unknown people.
While anyone could use Chris and Vicki's H-dials, they always turned the user into a hero, regardless of his or her personality. This fact has been ignored in stories. On one occasion, a hero's persona overwhelmed the heroic Chris' own personality. On a side note, it was a matter of contention with Chris when he first started using the dial that while Vicki changed into useful heroes with applicable powers, Chris's powers tended to be obscure and not useful to defeat his opponent, such as when he changed into a super hero that could duplicate things and he outright began complaining about his useless ability. Indeed, it was that issue where Vicki showed Chris to think "outside the box" and u
J. M. DeMatteis
John Marc DeMatteis is an American writer of comic books and novels. J. M. DeMatteis's earliest aspirations were to be a rock musician and comic book artist, he began playing in bands starting in the sixth grade in the role of lead singer and rhythm guitarist, wrote music reviews for a number of publications. He began drawing at a young age, was accepted into the School of the Visual Arts. DeMatteis recalled, "...for some reason, I think it was financial, I ended up not going. Somewhere after that what little drawing skills I had began to atrophy."DeMatteis turned from drawing to writing. He got his start in comic books at DC Comics in the late 1970s. After a number of rejected submissions, his first accepted story was "The Lady-Killer Craves Blood", but it would not be published until years in House of Mystery #282, his first published story for the company was "The Blood Boat!" in Weird War Tales #70. He contributed to the company's line of horror comics notably with the creation of the Creature Commandos in Weird War Tales #93 and I…Vampire in House of Mystery #290.
He wrote the Aquaman feature in Adventure Comics as well. DeMatteis and artist Brian Bolland produced a backup story titled "Falling Down to Heaven" in Madame Xanadu, DC's first attempt at marketing comics to the "direct market" of fans and collectors. DeMatteis had long been eager to work for Marvel Comics, following a year in which editor-in-chief Jim Shooter kept him busy with odd jobs and fill-ins, in 1980 he began writing for Marvel on The Defenders, had lengthy runs on Captain America, paired with penciler Mike Zeck, Marvel Team-Up. After writing a negative review of the Grateful Dead's 1980 album Go to Heaven, published in Rolling Stone, DeMatteis ended his career as a music critic, he explained, "Grateful Dead fans are like hardcore comic book fans, you know... and I know that when I sit down to write a review that I'm just some shmuck sitting down at a typewriter with an opinion—but it's in print in something like Rolling Stone. I got all these letters, which I saved, from all these hardcore Grateful Dead fans—wounded....
I said if I'm gonna review at all I'm not gonna write negative reviews anymore..." Around this time he surrendered his professional career as a rock musician, after years of playing in New York City-based bands. In 1984, DeMatteis and artist Bob Budiansky produced a Prince Namor limited series, he saw the series as an opportunity to both delve more into the psychology of the title character than he had been able to in The Defenders and to continue his collaboration with Budiansky from the canceled Ghost Rider recalling, "We'd get on the phone, start talking, the stories would come so easily. We had a fantastic rapport and professionally." DeMatteis had mixed feelings about the series itself, said the one part of which he was unreservedly proud was the look into Namor's years as an amnesiac homeless man. DeMatteis and illustrator Jon J. Muth created the graphic novel Moonshadow, for Marvel's Epic line: the groundbreaking story was the first painted series in American comics. DeMatteis followed this with the 1986 Doctor Strange graphic novel Into Shamballa drawn by Dan Green and Blood: A Tale, a hallucinatory vampire story drawn by Kent Williams.
In 1987, DeMatteis and Zeck re-teamed for the "Kraven's Last Hunt" arc that ran throughout Marvel's three Spider-Man titles. The arc has been collected in multiple editions and remains one of the most popular, respected, stories in Spider-Man's history. Moving back to DC, DeMatteis succeeded Gerry Conway as writer of the superhero-team title Justice League of America, he used the pen name Michael Ellis on his first issue of the series. When that title was cancelled in the wake of the company-wide crossover Legends, DeMatteis stayed through its relaunch as Justice League International, scripting over the plots of Keith Giffen. JLI took such lesser-known DC characters as Martian Manhunter, Blue Beetle, Booster Gold, Mister Miracle, Captain Atom, Power Girl and turned the then-current preoccupation with "grim'n' gritty" superheroes on its head; the lighthearted series emphasized the absurd aspects of people with strange powers, wearing colorful costumes, volunteering to fight evildoers. Although the League had its serious side and faced world-threatening villains, the stories included such characters as the lovably inept G'nort, the worst Green Lantern in the Green Lantern Corps, Mr. Nebula, the interplanetary decorator, the Injustice League, a bunch of bumbling losers and a flock of homicidal penguins, hybridized with piranhas.
The success of Justice League International led to a spin-off in 1989 titled Justice League Europe co-written with Giffen and featuring art by Bart Sears. The Giffen/DeMatteis team worked on Justice League for five years and closed out their run with the "Breakdowns" storyline in 1991 and 1992. DeMatteis scripted Justice League spin-offs such as solo series for Doctor Fate. Back at Marvel, DeMatteis again succeeded Conway, this time as writer of The Spectacular Spider-Man in 1991, taking the series in a grimmer, more psychologically oriented direction. In collaboration with regular artist Sal Buscema, DeMatteis' story arc "The Child Within" featured the return of the Harry Osborn Green Goblin. Spider-Man's battle with the Goblin continued in "The Osborn Legacy" in #189 and came to an end when Harry died in "The Best Of Enemies!". In 1994, DeMatteis took over from David Michelinie as writer of The Amazing Spider-Man #390–406 for a run that included the apparent death of Peter Parker's Aunt May and the beginnings of the "Clone Saga" a
Thaal Sinestro is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Sinestro is a former Green Lantern Corps member, dishonorably discharged for abusing his power, he is founder of the Sinestro Corps. The character was created by John Broome and Gil Kane, first appeared in Green Lantern #7. In 2009, IGN's ranked Sinestro as the 15th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Sinestro was born on the planet Korugar in space sector 1417, his dedication to preserving order manifested in his previous career, an anthropologist specializing in reconstructions of ruins of long-dead civilizations. One day while he was on one such site, a Green Lantern named Prohl Gosgotha crash-landed into the site and dying, he gave his ring to Sinestro, just in time for Sinestro, who even understood what the ring could do, to defend himself from the Lantern's pursuer: a Weaponer of Qward. Afterwards, Gosgotha turned out to still be alive and asked for his ring back to keep him alive long enough to get help.
Sinestro, knowing this would mean not being a Green Lantern himself, instead let him die and took over his post. The Guardians were unaware of his actions. In Green Lantern #45, his wife is shown for the first time in a flashback and revealed to be the sister of Abin Sur; when Hal Jordan joined the Green Lantern Corps, Sinestro was assigned to be his instructor. Jordan was horrified at his new mentor's totalitarian methods, though Sinestro maintained that his iron-fisted rule was necessary to protect his people from alien forces. During his training, Jordan helped Sinestro repel an attempted invasion of Korugar by the alien warlords known as the Khunds; when Jordan called for help from the other Green Lanterns, Sinestro's dictatorship was exposed and he was forced to appear before the Guardians for punishment. Katma Tui, the leader of a Korugarian resistance movement who felt that Sinestro's "protection" kept her people from growing as a society through contact with other alien races, was recruited as his replacement in the Corps.
Though Katma Tui grew into one of the most respected Green Lanterns and the rest of Korugar resisted her appointment to the Corps. For using the power of the Green Lantern to instill fear rather than combat it, the Guardians banished Sinestro to the antimatter universe, a counterpart to the "real" universe made up of "negative matter". Sinestro ended up on the antimatter world of Qward, that universe's counterpart of the Guardians' homeworld Oa, ruled by a race of warriors and scientists known as the Weaponers of Qward, who bore a fierce hatred of the Guardians and all Green Lanterns. By exiling Sinestro to a world ruled by evil beings who hated him as a Green Lantern, the Guardians hoped to humble him. However, their attempt at punishment would be a major miscalculation. Sinestro believed himself to have been wronged by his former masters and now hated them just as much as the Weaponers did. Through their mutual hatred of the Guardians and the Weaponers became allies, with the Weaponers offering to help Sinestro gain revenge on the Guardians and the Corps.
Creating a yellow power ring for Sinestro to use, the Weaponers sent him back to the "positive matter" universe to seek his revenge. Sinestro became the Green Lantern Corps' most powerful nemesis due to a weakness in their power rings that prevented them from directly affecting the color yellow. Despite this, skilled Green Lanterns like Jordan, Sinestro's most hated enemy, always found ways to defeat him. Pre-Crisis Sinestro first met Hal when he had made an alliance with Qward. Hal had beaten the Weaponers three times. Sinestro tried to kidnap him using a device which could transport people to Qward and was able to imprison him in a yellow bubble by threatening to kill 100,000 people, kidnapped with the device when he used it on a city Hal was supposed to be at; however Hal used his ring to speed up a clock. When he released Hal from the bubble to eliminate him, he was defeated and imprisoned in a green bubble by Hal, who did not take him back to his universe as it would go against the jurisdiction of the Guardians.
However he escaped using a ring that could drain the Green Lantern's ring-power and continued to menace Hal. He tried to attack the Guardians after trapping Jordan, before disguising himself as Hal so he could occupy a meeting of Green Lanterns and absorb power from their rings by casting an illusion of a monster so that they would use their rings. However, Jordan escaped and defeated Sinestro on Oa, placed in a green energy container which would orbit the Universe by the power of many Green Lanterns, but he escaped with a power ring hidden in his boot, he was adept at escaping the ways the Guardians tried to imprison him. Before the Guardians took a leave of absence from their universe to attempt mating with their female counterparts, the Zamarons, they constructed an inescapable prison for Sinestro and thousands of others on Oa. Sinestro managed to free himself through the mental manipulation of the Mad God of Sector 3600. Wielding nearly unlimited power, Sinestro murdered entire star systems until he was subdued by the Green Lantern Corps of Earth.
Guilty of multiple acts of genocide, Sinestro was put on trial again by the assembled membership of the Green Lantern Corps. Finding him guilty, they condemned him to death and executed him, but Sinestro managed to cheat death it
Superman is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938 which marked the rise of the Golden Age of Comic Books. Since his inception, Superman has been depicted as an hero that that originated the planet Krypton and named Kal-El; as a baby, he was sent to Earth in a small spaceship by his biological family, Jor-El and Lara, moments before Krypton was destroyed in a natural cataclysm. His ship landed in the American countryside. Clark displayed various superhuman abilities from the start as a young boy, such as incredible strength and impervious skin, his foster parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, he decided to fight crime as a vigilante. To protect his privacy, he changes into a colorful costume and uses the alias "Superman" when fighting crime. Clark Kent resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis in his adult life, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet disguising himself among the people there.
Depicted supporting characters of Superman are depicted as residing in Metropolis such as prominent love interest of Superman, Lois Lane, good friend of Superman, Jimmy Olsen, Daily Planet chief editor Perry White. He has many foes such as the genius inventor Lex Luthor, he is a friend of many other superheroes such as Batman and Wonder Woman. Although Superman was not the first superhero character, he popularized the superhero genre and defined its conventions, he remains the best selling superhero in comic books of all time and endured as one of the most lucrative franchises outside of comic books. He is regarded as the greatest superhero / comic book character of all time. Superman was created by Joe Shuster. A duo who met met in 1932 in a high school in Cleveland and bonded over their mutual love of fiction. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Siegel wrote amateur science fiction stories, which he self-published a magazine called Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization.
His friend Shuster provided illustrations for his work. In January 1933, Siegel published a short story in his magazine titled "The Reign of the Superman"; the titular character is a vagrant named Bill Dunn, tricked by an evil scientist into consuming an experimental drug. The drug gives Dunn the powers of mind-reading, mind-control, clairvoyance, he uses these powers maliciously for profit and amusement, but the drug wears off, leaving him a powerless vagrant again. Shuster provided illustrations. Siegel and Shuster shifted with a focus on adventure and comedy, they wanted to become syndicated newspaper strip authors, so they showed their ideas to various newspaper editors. However, the newspaper editors told them. If they wanted to make a successful comic strip, it had to be something more sensational than anything else on the market; this prompted Siegel to revisit Superman as a comic strip character. Siegel modified Superman's powers to make him more sensational: Like Bill Dunn, the second prototype of Superman is given powers against his will by an unscrupulous scientist, but instead of psychic abilities, he acquires superhuman strength and bullet-proof skin.
Additionally, this new Superman was a crime-fighting hero instead of a villain, because Siegel noted that comic strips with heroic protagonists tended to be more successful. In years, Siegel once recalled that this Superman wore a "bat-like" cape in some panels, but he and Shuster agreed there was no costume yet, there is none apparent in the surviving artwork. Siegel and Shuster showed this second concept of Superman to Consolidated Book Publishers, based in Chicago. In May 1933, Consolidated had published a comic book titled Detective Dan: Secret Operative 48, it contained all-original stories as opposed to reprints of newspaper strips, a novelty at the time. Siegel and Shuster put together a comic book in similar format called The Superman. A delegation from Consolidated visited Cleveland that summer on a business trip, Siegel and Shuster took the opportunity to present their work in person. Although Consolidated expressed interest, they pulled out of the comics business without offering a book deal because the sales of Detective Dan were disappointing.
Siegel believed publishers kept rejecting them because he and Shuster were young and unknown, so he looked for an established artist to replace Shuster. When Siegel told Shuster what he was doing, Shuster reacted by burning their rejected Superman comic, sparing only the cover, they continued collaborating on other projects, but for the time being Shuster was through with Superman. Siegel wrote to numerous artists; the first response came in July 1933 from Leo O'Mealia, who drew the Fu Manchu strip for the Bell Syndicate. In the script that Siegel sent O'Mealia, Superman's origin story changes: He is a "scientist-adventurer" from the far future, when humanity has evolved "super powers". Just before the Earth explodes, he escapes in a time-machine to the modern era, whereupon he begins using his super powers to fight crime. O'Mealia produced a few strips and showed them to his newspaper syndicate. Nothing of Siegel and O'Mealia's collaboration survives, except in Siegel's memoir. In June 1934, Siegel found another partner: an artist in Chicago named Russell Keaton.
Keaton drew the Buck R