Lajpat Nagar is a residential and commercial neighbourhood of the South Delhi district of Delhi. It is named in honour of Lala Lajpat Rai known the Lion of Punjab, is today most known for the Lajpat Nagar Central Market. There is one more Lajpat Nagar in Ghaziabad in the NCR region; the suburb is divided into four parts: Lajpat Nagar I, II, III and IV. Housing colonies like Amar Colony, Dayanand Colony, Double Storey, National Park and Vikram Vihar are located in it. Lajpat Nagar is famous for its Central Market, a popular shopping destination, is known for the garments and textiles which are sold there; the colony falls under the New Delhi and part of it is in the South Delhi. Lajpat Nagar was developed in 1950s and most of its early residents were Hindus and Sikhs moving east from newly formed Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947; as such, many of these individuals are Multanis and Sindhis.. One part of Lajpat Nagar - 4 was named after Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, by Mr. B. N. Puri in 1957.
Refugee camps were set up in Purana Quila. Plots and the people were allotted plots in areas like Patel Nagar, Rajendra Nagar; the plots were of 15x60 feet constructed like army barracks. The houses were all single storey, with asbestos roofs, in the beginning, but now most of the houses are multi-storeyed; the colony housed a refugee camp for Bengali widows which came up much known as Kasturba Ashram. In 1960, Servants of the People Society, founded by Lala Lajpat Rai in 1921 in Lahore, after functioning for many years since partition of India, from the residence of MP Lala Achint Ram shifted to the new building known as Lajpat Bhawan, Lajpat Nagar; the colony has a railway line passing through the north and has a local railway station where one can board the EMU trains. The line is used by freight trains. At present, it is common to see individuals from different parts of India, Afghanistan and African countries. In the recent years, Lajpat Nagar has become a preferred residential neighbourhood for tourists and certain refugees from various Middle Eastern countries, including Afghanistan who travel to New Delhi as medical tourists, owing to the presence of affordable quality health care in the capital.
Lajpat Nagar is well connected by Delhi Transport Corporation bus services and the Delhi Mass Rapid Transit System. Route no. 543 connects East Delhi Anand Vihar to Lajpat Nagar, Teevr Mudrika connects Lajpat Nagar to the North and West Delhi Punjabi Bagh. The Lajpat Nagar Station of the Delhi Metro is an elevated station lying on the Metro’s Violet Line. Lajpat Nagar is an interchange station between Violet Line and Pink Line of the Delhi Metro.. It is located between the Moolchand stations; the station was opened to public along with the first section of the Violet Line. Kalkaji is another popular place in south delhi, near to Lajpat Nagar. Visitors can take Delhi Metro from Kalka Mandir metro station to reach Lajpat Nagar. A new underpass connection has been opened in 2014 below Defence Colony-Lajpat Nagar flyover between Lajpat Nagar and Jungpura for easy access to areas like Jungpura Extn. Bhogal and Nizamuddin. Indira Gandhi International Airport is 23 km from Lajpat Nagar. 15 minutes from Central Secretariat station via the Delhi Metro 5 Minutes from Kalkaji via Nehru Place station Delhi Metro 15 minutes from Sarita Vihar station via the Delhi Metro 15 minutes from Nizamuddin Railway Station 35 minutes from New Delhi Railway Station 10 minutes from the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 25 minutes from Connaught Place via Rajiv Chowk station Delhi Metro.
10 minutes from Kalka Mandir metro station via Delhi Metro. Another metro station is under construction and scheduled to open in 3 years, making it easier for customers to visit the market. Lajpat Nagar is home to a large Punjabi community, featured in multiple movies. In the movie Do Dooni Chaar,directed by Habib Faisal, the Duggal family house is located in Vinoba Puri, Lajpat Nagar. Portions of the movie Oye Lucky! Lucky Oye!, directed by Dibakar Banerjee, were filmed in Lajpat Nagar. In the movie Cocktail, the character Kavita Kapoor, played by Dimple Kapadia), is from Lajpat Nagar. Movie Vicky Donor, directed by Shoojit Sircar,was based out of Lajpat Nagar The neighbourhoods to shop and eat in and around Lajpat Nagar are - Central Market, Amar Colony market, Greater Kailash and Sarojini Nagar
Dhaula Kuan is a major intersection of roads in Delhi, India. The name now refers to the neighbourhood surrounding the intersection. Five major thoroughfares in Delhi meet at Dhaula Kuan. Passing Through the intersection are the Ring Road and National Highway 8, which feed traffic around Delhi and from Central Delhi to Gurgaon, points south and southwest, respectively. National Highway 8 is the primary route of traffic from Delhi to Delhi Airport. A major infrastructure project during the 1990s and early 2000s led to the construction of a figure-eight interchange that eliminated stop lights and improved traffic flow. In addition to being a major road hub, Dhaula Kuan is a primary stop on the Delhi Ring Railway and is the location of a Delhi Metro stop on the Connaught Place - Airport line. Dhaula Kuan serves as a primary exchange point for multimodal travellers, its importance is expected to grow as the Delhi Metro and Terminal 3 at Delhi Airport is constructed; the name Dhaula Kuan, means white well when translated to English from Hindi, refers to an ancient water well in the area that has white-colored sand.
It has been speculated that the well was constructed by Shah Alam II, the nominal Mughal emperor of India in the 1761-1806 CE period, whose actual area of control spanned a small territory in the environs of Delhi. Shah Alam II is said to have been fond of excursions across his limited domain, from the Red Fort to the Palam area, leading to the sarcastic verse, Sultanat-e-Shah-e-Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam. Dhaula Kuan is located along this route in the Jheel Park complex, its masonry has been dated to the Shah Alam period.'Dhaula Kuan' has now come to refer to the neighbourhood that surrounds and serves the interchange. The latter includes restaurants. Dhaula Kuan sits between the Delhi Cantonment. Major institutions and points of interest in the neighbourhood include: The South Campus of the University of Delhi, including the Sri Venkateswara College and the Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College; the Air Force School. The Army Public School; the Air Force Auditorium. The Army Golf Course. Springdales School Dhaula Kuan Metro Station is located on the Delhi Airport Express Line of the Delhi Metro.
This station is the only elevated one along the Airport Express Line and features check-in facilities. This station was opened to the public on 15 August 2011
An overpass is a bridge, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway. An overpass and underpass together form a grade separation. Stack interchanges are made up of many overpasses; the world's first railroad flyover was constructed in 1843 by the London and Croydon Railway at Norwood Junction railway station to carry its atmospheric railway vehicles over the Brighton Main Line. The first flyover in India was opened on 14 April 1965 at Kemps Corner in Mumbai; the 48-foot-long bridge was constructed in about seven months by Shirish Patel at a cost of ₹17.5 lakh. In North American usage, a flyover is a high-level overpass, built above main overpass lanes, or a bridge built over what had been an at-grade intersection. Traffic engineers refer to the latter as a grade separation. A flyover may be an extra ramp added to an existing interchange, either replacing an existing cloverleaf loop with a higher, faster ramp that bears left, but may be built as a right or left exit. A cloverleaf or partial cloverleaf contains some 270 degree loops, which can slow traffic and can be difficult to construct with multiple lanes.
Where all such turns are replaced with flyovers only 90 degree turns are needed, there may be four or more distinct levels of traffic. Depending upon design, traffic may flow in all directions near open road speeds. For more examples see Freeway interchange. A pedestrian overpass allows pedestrians safe crossing over busy roads without impacting traffic. Railway overpasses are used to replace level crossings as a safer alternative. Using overpasses allows for unobstructed rail traffic to flow without conflicting with vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Rapid transit systems use complete grade separation of their rights of way to avoid traffic interference with frequent and reliable service. Railroads use balloon loops and flying junctions instead of flat junctions, as a way to reverse direction and to avoid trains conflicting with those on other tracks. Footbridge Skyway Stack interchange Viaduct Wildlife crossing Overpass at Encyclopædia Britannica
Noida, short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, is a planned city under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority. It is part of the National Capital Region of India; as per provisional reports of Census of India, the population of Noida in 2011 was 642,381. Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state in close proximity to NCT of Delhi; the district's administrative headquarters are in the nearby town of Greater Noida. However, the district's highest government official, the District Magistrate, has its official camp office in Sector 27, Noida; the city is a part of the Noida Gautam Buddha Nagar constituency. Minister of State for Culture and Tourism Mahesh Sharma is the present Lok Sabha MP of Gautam Buddha Nagar, while Pankaj Singh is the present MLA of Noida. Noida was ranked as the Best City in Uttar Pradesh and the Best City in Housing in all of India in "Best City Awards" conducted by ABP News in 2015. Noida replaced Mumbai as the second-best realty destination, according to an analyst report.
Roads in Noida are lined by trees and it is considered to be India's greenest city with nearly 50% green cover, the highest of any city in India. Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day", it was set up as part of an urbanisation thrust during the controversial Emergency period. The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act, 1976 by the initiatives of Sanjay Gandhi; the city has the highest per capita income in the whole National Capital Region. Noida is classified as a special economic zone; the Noida Authority is among the richest civic bodies in the country. Noida is located in the Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state India. Noida is about 25 kilometres southeast of New Delhi, 20 kilometres northwest of the district headquarters - Greater Noida and 457 kilometres northwest of the state capital, Lucknow, it is bound on the west and southwest by the Yamuna River, on the north and northwest by the city of Delhi, on the northeast by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad, India and on the north-east and south-east by the Hindon River.
Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna River, is located on the old river bed. The soil is loamy; as per provisional data of 2011 census, Noida had a population of 642,381 out of which the male population was 352,577 and the female population was 289,804. The literacy rate was 88.58 percent. Male literacy was 92.90% and female literacy was 83.28%. There are people of all major religions, but the majority practice Hinduism. Many famous Hindu temples are located in the city, some of the more famous ones are the Hanuman temple in Sector 22, the Kalibari Temple in Sector 26, the ISKCON temple in Sector 33, Shree Jagannath Temple in Sector 34, Sai Baba Temple in Sector 61, Shiv Mandir in Sector 31, Shri Ram Mandir in Sector 36 and the Kuti Temple at Sec 163 Mohiyapur. A Shia Jama Masjid in Sector 50 and St. Gregorios Indian Orthodox Church in Sector 51, Mar Thoma Church in Sector 50 and St. Mary's Catholic Church in Sector 34 are well known; the city's infrastructure is looked after by the NOIDA Authority, a statutory authority set-up under Uttar Pradesh Industrial Area Development Act, 1976.
Authority's head is its Chairman, an IAS officer, the authority's daily matters however, are looked after by its CEO, an IAS officer. NOIDA Authority comes under the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Department of Uttar Pradesh Government; the posts of Chairman and CEO are being occupied by the same officer. The current Chairman and CEO of NOIDA Authority is Alok Tandon; the Gautam Budh Nagar district is a part of Meerut Division, headed by the Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer of high seniority, the Commissioner is the head of local government institutions in the division, is in-charge of infrastructure development in his division, is responsible for maintaining law and order in the division. The District Magistrate, reports to the Divisional Commissioner of Meerut; the current Commissioner is Aneeta C. Meshram. Gautam Budh Nagar district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Gautam Budh Nagar, an IAS officer; the DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversee the national elections held in the city.
The DM is responsible for maintaining law and order in the city, hence the SSP of Gautam Budh Nagar reports to the DM of Gautam Budh Nagar. The District Magistrate is assisted by one Chief Development Officer, four Additional District Magistrates and one City Magistrate; the district has divided into three Tehsils named Sadar and Jewar each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate who reports to the District Magistrate. The current DM is Brajesh Narain Singh. Gautam Budh Nagar district comes under Meerut police zone and Meerut police range of Uttar Pradesh Police. Meerut zone is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Additional Director General of Police, whereas Meerut range is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police; the Current ADG, Meerut Zone is Prashant Kumar, whereas the current Meerut Range is Ram Kumar. Police Administration of Gautam Budh Nagar is headed by the Senior Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and is accountable to the District Magistrate for Law and Order enforcement.
He is assisted by four Superintendents of Police /Additional Superintendents of Police. The district is divi
Delhi the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. It is bordered by Haryana by Uttar Pradesh to the east; the NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres. According to the 2011 census, Delhi's city proper population was over 11 million, the second-highest in India after Mumbai, while the whole NCT's population was about 16.8 million. Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries and include the neighboring satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida in an area now called Central National Capital Region and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world's second-largest urban area according to United Nations; as of 2016, recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai, with a total private wealth of $450 billion and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires.
Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BCE. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various empires, it has been captured and rebuilt several times during the medieval period, modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region. A union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, serves as the capital of the nation as well as the NCT of Delhi. Delhi hosted the first and ninth Asian Games in 1951 and 1982 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major host cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Delhi is the centre of the National Capital Region, a unique'interstate regional planning' area created by the National Capital Region Planning Board Act of 1985.
There are a number of legends associated with the origin of the name Delhi. One of them is derived from Dhillu or Dilu, a king who built a city at this location in 50 BCE and named it after himself. Another legend holds that the name of the city is based on the Hindi/Prakrit word dhili and that it was used by the Tomaras to refer to the city because the iron pillar of Delhi had a weak foundation and had to be moved; the coins in circulation in the region under the Tomaras were called dehliwal. According to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom, he ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and named the fort dehali. Some historians believe that Dhilli or Dhillika is the original name for the city while others believe the name could be a corruption of the Hindustani words dehleez or dehali—both terms meaning'threshold' or'gateway'—and symbolic of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain.
The people of Delhi are referred to as Dilliwalas. The city is referenced in various idioms of the Northern Indo-Aryan languages. Examples include: Abhi Dilli door hai or its Persian version, Hanuz Dehli dur ast meaning Delhi is still far away, generically said about a task or journey still far from completion. Dilli dilwalon ka shehr or Dilli Dilwalon ki meaning Delhi belongs to the large-hearted/daring. Aas-paas barse, Dilli pani tarse meaning it pours all around, while Delhi lies parched. An allusion to the sometimes semi-arid climate of Delhi, it idiomatically refers to situations of deprivation when one is surrounded by plenty; the area around Delhi was inhabited before the second millennium BCE and there is evidence of continuous inhabitation since at least the 6th century BCE. The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata. According to the Mahabharata, this land was a huge mass of forests called'Khandavaprastha', burnt down to build the city of Indraprastha.
The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya period. Remains of eight major cities have been discovered in Delhi; the first five cities were in the southern part of present-day Delhi. King Anang Pal of the Tomara dynasty founded the city of Lal Kot in 736 CE. Prithviraj Chauhan renamed it Qila Rai Pithora; the king Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated in 1192 by Muhammad Ghori, a Muslim invader from Afghanistan, who made a concerted effort to conquer northern India. By 1200, native Hindu resistance had begun to crumble, the Muslims were victorious; the newfound dominance of foreign Turkic Muslim dynasties in north India would last for the next five centuries. The slave general of Ghori, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, was given the responsibility of governing the conquered territories of India until Ghori returned to his capital, Ghor; when Ghori died without a heir in 1206 CE, his territories fractured, with various generals claiming sovereignty over different areas. Qutb-ud-din assumed control of Ghori's Indian possessions, laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty.
He began construction of the Qutb Minar and Quwwat-al-Islam mosque, the earlie
Shivaji Place District Centre is a commercial centre located in Rajouri Garden, West Delhi, India. The district centre is under development and only five shopping malls are operational; the Shivaji Place District Centre is located in the heart of Rajouri Garden in west Delhi. It is connected by the Ring Road and Najafgarh Road and it is opposite the Rajouri Garden Market; the catchment of the district centre comprises the prime residential localities of Punjabi Bagh, Rajouri Garden, Shivaji Enclave, Shivaji Vihar, Tilak Nagar, Mansarovar Garden, Kirti Nagar, Paschim Vihar and Patel Nagar. The district centre is on the Blue Line of the Delhi Metro; the Shivaji Place District Centre is spread over 65 acres. It is planned that the district centre will consist of eleven shopping malls along with commercial and office buildings, a five star hotel and a Nigam Habitat Centre similar to the India Habitat Centre. There are five functional malls: City Square, TDI Mall, TDI Paragon, Shopper's Stop and West Gate Mall.
Additionally, the area has a Delhi Metro station, a DTC bus terminal, a police station, a telephone exchange, MCD office, two petrol pumps, the Vishal Cinema. There will be adequate parking both at the periphery of the development as well as underground parking and large pedestrian plazas and extensively landscaped areas. City Square is a shopping mall located in Shivaji District Centre, it was developed by the MGF Group. The main feature of this mall is a large StanMax Department Store; the mall includes a Nike store,Converse, SnowWhite, Woodland and a KFC. TDI Mall is a shopping mall located in Shivaji Place District Centre, it was developed by the TDI Group. The mall has four floors plus two basement levels for parking and services; the focal point of the mall is a large atrium, with all the shops opening into it. The mall features a large TATA Westide Department store along with stores representing many major local and international brands including United Colors of Benetton, Adidas, Levi's, Dockers.
The mall has a food court along with several restaurants including Pizza Hut and Ruby Tuesday. TDI Paragon Mall is a shopping mall located in Shivaji Place District Centre, it was developed by the TDI Group. The mall has three floors plus two level basements for parking and services; the main feature of this mall is the four-screen Wave cinemas multiplex on the third floor, which opened in 2007. This is the first of the three multiplexes to open in the district centre; the multiplex has a combined seating of around 1036. Shoppers Stop is a stand-alone store for the Shopper's Stop Department Store, it was developed by the Eros Group. The store consists of three levels. West Gate Mall is a shopping mall located in Shivaji Place District Centre, it was developed by the Today Homes Group. The mall has five floors plus two levels of basement parking and is the largest mall in Shivaji Place; the mall has three anchor stores which include Pantaloons and Marks & Spencer along with stores representing many major international brands of clothes and apparels including United Colors of Benetton, Next, Adidas, Nike, Van Heusen, Levi's, The Body Shop.
The mall has a TGIs Fridays restaurant. There is a six-screen Movie Time multiplex on the fourth floor Paradise Mall is a shopping mall under construction in Shivaji Place District Centre.tegha It will be the location of a six-screen PVR Cinemas multiplex
Outer Ring Road, Delhi
Outer Ring Road, Delhi is a ring road that encircles the city of Delhi. It has three lanes in each direction, with a total length of 47 km. Although it used to have traffic lights and at-grade intersections, mushrooming interchanges have reduced the number of lights to just two, traffic now flows much more smoothly. Several Stretches of the Outer Ring Road have been notified as National Highways. Delhi features a main one and an outer one; the two ring roads have a combined length of 87 km. Outer Ring Road features 14 junctions. In no particular order, they are: Like the Ring Road, Delhi's Outer Ring Road features some semblance of grade separation between pedestrian and vehicular traffic. Pedestrian underpasses are present at the following points: Near Chirag Delhi Flyover Near IIT Flyover Dr. Hedgewar Marg at Saraswati Vihar Soaminagar Mangol Puri Paras Cinema Flyover, Nehru Place Munirka Sarvpriya Vihar Power House, Pitampura Rama Market, PitampuraAdditional pedestrian underpasses are to be constructed at the following points: Kalkaji Temple junction Panchsheel Colony Article about a recent grade separation project, the at-grade intersection at Moolchand grade speration along the AIIMS-Naraina stretch Robotic sweepers on Delhi's ring road Delhi Public Works Department Delhi Traffic Police