"Inquisition" is a song by Canadian electro-industrial band Skinny Puppy. It was released as Last Rights; the B-side "Lahuman8" was created at the request of the Québécois contemporary dance group La La La Human Steps. "Inquisition" acts as the midpoint of Skinny Puppy's 1992 album Last Rights. Though it is a pounding, mechanical industrial dance song that John Bush of AllMusic described as "heart-stopping" and as the pinnacle of its album, it still functions as a break from the surrounding chaos and sorrow of Last Rights. Jon Selzer of Melody Maker wrote that the song has the "utopian laments" that made defined Skinny Puppy's best work. Bearing the demo title "Catbowl", "Inquisition" takes a break from the addiction-focused lyrics of the rest of Last Rights and returns to the topic of torture and animal cruelty that the band explored on its 1988 album, VIVIsectVI. Like many other Skinny Puppy songs, "Inquisition" employs samples. Three version of "Inquisition" exist, two of; the extended mix lengthens the song from five minutes to seven and begins with a brief atmospheric introduction.
The many layers of the track are introduced one by one, its first third features two rhythmic stops not found on the album version. After the first chorus, a percussion breakdown is followed by a period of synthesizer emphasis; the extended mix contains multiple protracted instrumental segments where the various parts are given more time to develop. Notably, the passages of high-speed bass drums are absent in this version, with the song instead winding down through stripping away electronic layers; the single mix of "Inquisition", which appears on the 1999 compilation The Singles Collect, shortens the song's introduction and removes many of the kick drum segments in its latter half. "Lahuman8" was commissioned by the Canadian dance group La La La Human Steps after Skinny Puppy released its sixth album, Too Dark Park, in 1990. Fellow industrial band Einstürzende Neubauten was recruited for the effort; the song itself is a dark, synthesizer-heavy piece with distant, distorted vocals and an unsettling tone.
It concludes with a rising wall of noise. "Lahuman8" appeared on Skinny Puppy's 1999 compilation B-Sides Collect. After viewing the performance in which the dance group employed "Lahuman8", Lewis Segal of the Los Angeles Times described the show's musical compositions as "assaultive"; the dub mix of "Mirror Saw" is a stripped down version of the original song with a greater focus on its percussion and percussive samples. It is a minimal, instrumental track that eschews much of the album version's melancholy peacefulness in exchange for sparse and mechanical aggression; the last third of the song introduces loud live drumming that drowns out many of the electronic sounds. Credits adapted from liner notes. Skinny Puppy Nivek Ogre – vocals cEvin Key – synthesizers, engineering Dwayne Goettel – synthesizers, engineeringAdditional personnel Dave Ogilvie – production, editing Anthony Valcic – editing Ken Marshall – mixing, recording Jim Cummins – artwork John Rummen – layout "Inquisition" at Discogs
Inquisition (video game)
Inquisition is an action-adventure video game released in 2002 for Microsoft Windows. The game was published by Wanadoo Edition; the 3rd person game, is set in 1348 Paris, where the main character, a young thief named Matthew, has come to find his riches. He becomes imprisoned after a robbery, meets Jacques, a former Knight Templar. Before Jacques dies he reveals clues which lead the player towards finding the treasure of the Templars. Inquisition at Microïds
The Medieval Inquisition was a series of Inquisitions from around 1184, including the Episcopal Inquisition and the Papal Inquisition. The Medieval Inquisition was established in response to movements considered apostate or heretical to Christianity, in particular Catharism and Waldensians in Southern France and Northern Italy; these were the first inquisition movements of many. The Cathars were first noted in the 1140s in Southern France, the Waldensians around 1170 in Northern Italy. Before this point, individual heretics such as Peter of Bruis had challenged the Church. However, the Cathars were the first mass organization in the second millennium that posed a serious threat to the authority of the Church; this article covers only these early inquisitions, not the Roman Inquisition of the 16th century onwards, or the somewhat different phenomenon of the Spanish Inquisition of the late 15th century, under the control of the Spanish monarchy using local clergy. The Portuguese Inquisition of the 16th century and various colonial branches followed the same pattern.
An inquisition was a process. Its use in ecclesiastical courts was not at first directed to matters of heresy, but a broad assortment of offenses such as clandestine marriage and bigamy. French historian Jean-Baptiste Guiraud defined Medieval Inquisition as "... a system of repressive means, some of temporal and some others of spiritual kind, concurrently issued by ecclesiastical and civil authorities in order to protect religious orthodoxy and social order, both threatened by theological and social doctrines of heresy". Bishop of Lincoln, Robert Grosseteste, defined heresy as "an opinion chosen by human perception, created by human reason, founded on the Scriptures, contrary to the teachings of the Church, publicly avowed, obstinately defended." The fault was in the obstinate adherence rather than theological error. There were many different types of inquisitions depending on methods. All major medieval inquisitions were decentralized, each tribunal worked independently. Authority rested with local officials based on guidelines from the Holy See, but there was no central top-down authority running the inquisitions, as would be the case in post-medieval inquisitions.
Early Medieval courts followed a process called accusatio based on Germanic practices. In this procedure, an individual would make an accusation against someone to the court. However, if the suspect was judged innocent, the accusers faced legal penalties for bringing false charges; this provided a disincentive to make any accusation. A threshold requirement was the establishment of the accused's publica fama, i.e. the fact that the person was believed to be guilty of the offense charged. By the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, there was a shift away from the accusatorial model toward the legal procedure used in the Roman Empire. Instead of an individual making accusations based on first-hand knowledge, judges now took on the prosecutorial role based on information collected. Under inquisitorial procedures, guilt or innocence was proved by the inquiry of the judge into the details of a case; the mechanism for dealing with heresy developed gradually. Bishops had always the authority to look into alleged heretical activity, but as it wasn't always clear what constituted heresy they conferred with their colleagues and sought advice from Rome.
Legates were sent out, at first as advisors taking a greater role in the administration. Procedures began to be formalized by time of Pope Gregory IX. Practices and procedures of episcopal inquisitions could vary from one diocese to another, depending on the resources available to individual bishops and their relative interest or disinterest. Convinced that Church teaching contained revealed truth, the first recourse of bishops was that of persuasio. Through discourse and preaching, they sought to present a better explanation of Church teaching; this approach proved successful. In 1076 Pope Gregory VII excommunicated the residents of Cambrai because a mob had seized and burned a Cathar determined by the bishop to have been a heretic. A similar occurrence happened in 1114 during the bishops absence in Strassburg. In 1145 clergy at Leige managed to rescue victims from the crowd; the first medieval inquisition, the episcopal inquisition, was established in the year 1184 by a papal bull of Pope Lucius III entitled Ad abolendam, "For the purpose of doing away with."
It was a response to the growing Catharist movement in southern France. It was called "episcopal" because it was administered by local bishops, which in Latin is episcopus, obliged bishops to visit their diocese twice a year in search of heretics; the spread of other movements from the 12th century can be seen at least in part as a reaction to the increasing moral corruption of the clergy, which included illegal marriages and the possession of extreme wealth. In the Middle Ages, the Inquisition's main focus was to eradicate these new sects, thus its range of action was predominantly in Italy and France, where the Cathars and the Waldensians, the two main heretic movements of the period, were. During the pontificates of Innocent III, papal legates were sent out to stop the spread of the Cathar and Waldensian heresies to Provence and up the Rhine into Germany; the Cathars were a group of dissident
The Goa Inquisition was a colonial era Portuguese institution established by the Roman Catholic Holy Office between the 16th- and 19th-century to stop and punish heresy against Christianity in Asia. The institution persecuted Hindus, Bene Israels, New Christians and the Judaizing Nasranis by the colonial era Portuguese government and Jesuit clergy in Portuguese India, it was established in 1560 suppressed from 1774 to 1778, continued thereafter and abolished in 1820. The Inquisition punished those who had converted to Catholicism, but were suspected by Jesuit clergy of practising their previous religion in secret. Predominantly, the persecuted were accused of crypto-Hinduism. A few dozen criminally-charged natives were imprisoned for numerous years, publicly flogged, or, dependent on criminal charge, sentenced to death by burning at the stake; the Catholic Christian missionaries burnt any books written in Sanskrit, Marathi, or Konkani that they could find in Goa, as well as restricted Protestant Christian books from entering Goa on Dutch or English merchant ships.
The setting up of the Goa Inquisition was requested by Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier from his headquarters Malacca in a letter dated 16 May 1546 to King John III of Portugal. Between the Inquisition's beginning in 1561 and its temporary abolition in 1774, at least 16,202 persons were brought to trial by the Inquisition. All of the Goa Inquisition's records were burnt by the Portuguese when the inquisition was abolished in 1820, it is impossible to know the exact number of those put on trial and the punishments they were prescribed. The few records that have survived suggest that at least 57 were executed for their religious crime, another 64 were burned in effigy because they had died in jail before sentencing. Other records such as those left by the French physician Charles Dellon, a victim of the Goan Inquisition, others, suggest that nearly 70% of those found guilty of Crypto-Hinduism were executed, many prisoners starved to death and racial discrimination against Indians was rampant during the Goa Inquisition proceedings.
In Goa, the Inquisition prosecuted violators of prohibitions against the observance of Hindu or Muslim rites, festivals or interfered with Portuguese attempts to convert non-Christians to Catholicism. The Inquisition was the judicial system over Indian Catholics, Hindus and of Portuguese settlers from Europe; the Inquisition laws made adherence to Hinduism, Islam & Judaism and the use of the Konkani language a criminal offense. The inquisition was a method of confiscating property and enriching the Inquisitors. Although the Goa Inquisition ended in 1820, the religious discrimination and persecution of Indian Hindus and Muslims by Portuguese Christian government continued in other forms such as the Xenddi tax. Ferdinand and Isabella were married in 1469 thereby uniting the Iberian kingdoms of Aragon and Castile into Spain. In 1492, they expelled the Jews, many of whom moved to Portugal. Within five years, the anti-Judaism and the inquisition ideas were adopted in Portugal. Instead of another expulsion, the King of Portugal ordered the forced conversion of the Jews in 1497, these were called New Christians or Crypto Jews.
He stipulated. In 1506 in Lisbon, there was a massacre of several hundred'Conversos' or'Marranos', as newly converted Jews or New Christians were called, instigated by the preaching of two Spanish Dominicans; some persecuted Jews fled Portugal for the New World in the Americas. Others went to Asia as traders; these ideas and the practice of Inquisition on behalf of the Holy Office of Catholic Church was spread by the Jesuits and colonial administrators of Portugal to Portuguese colonies such as Estado da India. One of the most notable New Christians was professor Garcia de Orta, who emigrated to Goa in 1534, he was posthumously convicted of Judaism. The Goa Inquisition institution enforced by the Portuguese Christians was not unusual, as similar institutions operated in South American colonies during the same centuries such as the Lima Inquisition and the Brasil Inquisition under the Lisbon tribunal. Like the Goan inquisition, these parallel tribunals accused and arrested suspects, deployed torture, extracted forced confessions and issued punishments for secretly practicing religious beliefs different than Christianity.
In 1542, in the wake of Protestantism movement in Europe that challenged the authority of the Pope and the Catholic institutions, the Pope Paul III provided the ecclesiastical foundations for the Inquisition. He issued the Papal bull called the Licet ab initio and formed the Congregation of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, staffing it with cardinals and providing it with resources and the organizational structure to inaugurate the Inquisition of the Roman Catholic Church.a The Pope demanded that the Inquisition office defend the integrity of the faith, examine false doctrines and errors, forbid heresy against Catholic Christianity. All local offices including the Goa Inquisition were supervised by the Holy Office set up by the Pope, it worked with the colonial powers that accepted the religious authority of the Pope to enforce the Capital Laws of the Catholic Church. The Grand Inquisitor was named by the Pope from the royal family of a colonial power but selected by the King. According to the Capital Laws of this ecclesiastical authority, any man or woman who worshipped any spirit or deities, was to be put to death.
In 1588, the Inquisition office of the Holy See was renamed as "Congregation of the Holy Roman and Universal Inquisition" called the Holy Office. Goa was founded and built by ancient Hindu kingd
The New Inquisition
The New Inquisition is a book written by Robert Anton Wilson and first published in 1986. The New Inquisition is a book about ontology, paranormal events, epistemology. Wilson identifies what he calls "Fundamentalist Materialism" belief and compares it to religious fundamentalism. In The New Inquisition Wilson criticises the Committee for Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal by claiming that scientists don't give a fair listening to anyone they don't agree with. Something else he criticizes is, he proclaims that instead of this dictative attitude scientists should apply skepticism, or a kind of agnostic principle, when defied with new ideas. According to Wilson, science these days glorifies the Idol of Materialism, he likens it to religious fundamentalists. Wilson suggests a principle that "refuses total belief or total denial and regards models as tools to be used only and always where appropriate and replaced only and always where not appropriate", it is intended to be deliberately shocking, Wilson states that he "does not want its ideas to seem any less startling than they are."
The book's subtitle Irrational Rationalism and Citadel of Science, summarizes its topics. He cites the cases of Wilhelm Reich, Rupert Sheldrake, the Mars effect controversy, among others, in support of a central claim that a materialist bias within the scientific community has led to some speculations and theories he claimed were unjustly thought of as unscientific; the Citadel is the author's term for the military-industrial complex that he claims funds mainstream science and is the source of its bias. The book lists a large list of paranormal reports, with Wilson's tour of the history of modern physics, he is interested in Bell's theorem, Alain Aspect's experimental proof of Bell's theorem. Wilson opines that the implications of Aspect's proof include that magic is possible, that "the sum total of all minds is one", he claims it is not a coincidence that the Darwinian model of evolution best suits the "reality tunnel" of the Citadel, that biologists such as Sheldrake who have alternative theories of evolution are drummed out of mainstream science.
On the topic, he states, Scientific Method the alleged source of the certitude of those I call the New Idolators. SM is a mixture of SD with the old Greek PR. While SM is powerfully effective, seems to most of us the best method yet devised by mankind, it is made up of two elements which we have seen are fallible. Again, two fallibilities do not add up to one infallibility. Scientific generalizations which have lasted a long time have high probability the highest probability of any generalizations, but it is only Idolatry which claims none of them will again have to be revised or rejected. Too many have been rejected in this century alone. Among the concepts covered is the idea of "absolute laws of physics" - he ends up saying that every "law", investigated seemed to be subject to anomalous results from time to time, that there may be some other parallel universe with absolute laws of physics that are always obeyed, but Wilson has not seen any sign of it around in this one. Wilson draws on a large number of accounts of recorded events said to be "paranormal" but dismissed by materialist science as mass hallucination, e.g. the visions in Fátima and various UFO sightings.
He comments that when it comes to 70,000 people having a mass hallucination, it's difficult to see how the explanation is any less occult than the events the explanation purports to explain. "You try it", he writes. "See if by any means you can induce a mass hallucination try, hey, take a look at that light over there brighter than the sun."The book lists many phenomena that the author claims do not fit neatly into a materialist account of the world, secondly, the book introduces various interpretations of quantum physics that may or may not provide a ground for explanation. The book concludes with the idea which he claims Schrödinger supported, that the sum total of all minds is one, that individual brains are best understood as local receivers, of an overall transmission, always everywhere; the author says "I am not asking you to believe any of this stuff, I'm just asking you to dispassionately observe your own reaction to these accounts". Jim Lippard described the quality of research in the book as "very shoddy".
The book had a large number of typographical errors. He said that Wilson's message about avoiding dogmatism was worthwhile, that the book was entertaining but that readers should be careful about taking Wilsons' explanations seriously. Lippard listed inaccuracies about the Esperanza Stone, fish falling from the sky and the alleged Mars effect. Kristin Buxton compared Wilson to Martin Gardner, noting that Gardner has written on many of the topics that Wilson writes about in the book, taking different points of view, she pointed out that Gardner doesn't think it is easy to define pseudoscience, nor does Gardner think his ideas are infallible. She mentioned that other reviewers had pointed out problems with the research and that the book needs to be read with care, she concluded with suggesting a merging of the views of Robert Anton Wilson and Martin Gardner as a possible new approach to science. Scientist Carl Sagan criticized Wilson's character
Dragon Age: Inquisition
Dragon Age: Inquisition is an action role-playing video game developed by BioWare and published by Electronic Arts. The third major game in the Dragon Age franchise, Dragon Age: Inquisition is the sequel to Dragon Age: Origins and Dragon Age II; the game was released worldwide in November 2014 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One. The story of Dragon Age: Inquisition follows a player character known as the Inquisitor on a journey to settle the civil unrest in the continent of Thedas and close a mysterious tear in the sky called the "Breach", unleashing dangerous demons upon the world; the Inquisitor is viewed by some as the'chosen one', as they have a'Mark' on their hand capable of closing the Breach. The Inquisitor assembles the titular Inquisition in an attempt to stop Corypheus, an ancient darkspawn, who opened the breach in an attempt to conquer Thedas. Gameplay of Dragon Age: Inquisition is similar to its predecessors and consists of elements found in a typical action role-playing game.
They can defeat enemies with swords and magic, complete side quests, interact with non-playable characters, progress through the main story. Players control their protagonists in a third-person view, though a traditional role-playing game top down camera angle is available. After the release of Dragon Age II, the Dragon Age series was seen by some as a series with an "identity crisis"; as a result, Bioware sought to create a third Dragon Age game that combined the elements of the first two. Having begun development in 2011, the game was announced at the 2013 Electronic Entertainment Expo; the game's soundtrack was composed by Trevor Morris, who replaced Inon Zur, the composer of the Dragon Age: Origins and Dragon Age II soundtracks. Several downloadable content expansion packs were released. Dragon Age: Inquisition received critical acclaim upon release, with critics praising its story, voice acting, detailed environments, engaging combat; the game did receive some criticism for the presence of technical issues.
It was awarded over 150 year-end accolades and nominated for more, including Game of the Year and Best Role-playing awards from several gaming publications. Dragon Age: Inquisition is an action role-playing game similar to its predecessors. At the beginning of the game, the player chooses a race for their player character: human, elf, are playable races, with Qunari playable for the first time. Players customize the Inquisitor's physical appearance, gender, among other things. Players choose from three classes, warrior and rogue, can specialize their character, which grant them specific abilities; the character would evolve to become the Inquisitor of Thedas, considered "holy" by the citizens there. As the Inquisitor, players had to make choices and decisions that affect and change the game's world state. In addition, they can decide their fate. Thedas is the game's world, which includes Ferelden, where Dragon Age: Origins was set, as well as three new unexplored regions, which include Orlais and the Free Marches.
The game is not an open world video game, as the world is broken up into several sections, which can be explored by players. Despite that, BioWare claimed that one of the levels featured in Inquisition is larger than the entire game of Dragon Age II. In addition, each region features different environments like deserts and mountains. In order to allow players to navigate the game's world faster, which are creatures that can be ridden by players, are introduced; the romance aspect of the game has been overhauled. As opposed to the previous gift and dialogue based system, romance arcs occur in reaction to story events and variables specific to each character and include sex scenes. Additionally, not all romance arcs require sex. Josephine, for example does not have an explicit sex scene with the inquisitor during the main plot. Among the nine companions, who assist players in battle, three advisers, eight of them can be romanced; some of these party members would decide whether to fall in love with the Inquisitor based on their gender and race.
Customization was overhauled by allowing equipment and other items to modify their appearance based on who it is equipped to. Depending upon which party member has received it, a piece of armour would automatically adjust its shape and aesthetics in order to fit that particular character while still maintaining their identity. Players can customize armour or weapons using the materials they have collected. Players can customize their keeps, such as rebuilding a garden as a herb garden; these upgrades have minor effects on commerce or military capabilities. Players do not have the ability to import their save files from the first two games into Dragon Age: Inquisition "to shore up world consistency". Instead, Bioware released a cloud-based online interactive story creator called Dragon Age Keep, narrated by Varric. Players can detail the major plots of the previous two Dragon Age games to provide this level of customization without requiring replay of the initial games. Players gain influence in areas of the world by capturing forts.
This is achieved by defeating the occupants of the keep or fort or establishing camps, which are used to provide fast travel and resupply points. Operations can be discovered to repair various structures and pathways, such as bridges or collapsed caves; these operations will allow exploration of unreachable locations and side qu
Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon
Inquisition is a 1991 book by Carlton Sherwood about the early 1980s investigation and trial of Sun Myung Moon, the leader of the Unification Church, for violations of United States tax law. The book, subtitled The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon, alleges that there were elements of racism and religious persecution in the prosecution of the Moon case; the book was published by Regnery Publishing, an American publisher which specializes in conservative books. Inquisition relates the story of Moon's life from his childhood in Korea but focuses on the opposition he encountered in the United States after moving there in the 1970s and being active in religious and political activism. Sherwood mentions opposition by the news media, major Christian denominations, members of the government including Representative Donald Fraser and Senator Bob Dole. Sherwood characterizes this opposition as unfair and mean-spirited, he concludes that the federal prosecution of Moon on tax charges was unjust, citing the court's refusal to allow Moon's fellow defendant Takeru Kamiyama to provide his own translator, its refusal to allow the two men a bench trial rather than a jury trial, possible tainting of the jury, the unusual length of Moon's sentence for a U.
S. federal tax conviction. He mentions that Moon could have avoided the trial if he had remained outside of the United States. Sherwood sums up his views by writing: The Unification Church, its leaders and followers were and continue to be the victims of the worst kind of religious prejudice and racial bigotry this country has witnessed in over a century. Moreover every institution we as Americans hold sacred the Congress, the courts, law enforcement agencies, the press the U. S. Constitution itself was prostituted in a malicious, oftentimes brutal manner, as part of a determined effort to wipe out this small but expanding religious movement. In the documentary "The Resurrection Of Reverend Moon", the PBS television series Frontline produced a copy of a letter to Moon, from Unification Church of the United States leader James Gavin, he told Moon that he had reviewed the overall tone and factual contents of the book before publication and suggested revisions. He added: "Mr. Sherwood has assured me that all this will be done when the manuscript is sent to the publisher...
When all of our suggestions have been incorporated, the book will be complete and in my opinion will make a significant impact... In addition to silencing our critics now, the book should be invaluable in persuading others of our legitimacy for many years to come." Book World staff. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Book World. 21: 7. Flowers, Ronald B.. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Journal of Church and State. 35: 164–165. Doi:10.1093/jcs/35.1.164. Hart, Jeffrey. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Insight on the News. 7: 45. Oliver, Charles. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Reason. 23: 64–65. Reference & Research Book News staff. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Reference & Research Book News. 7: 25. Robbins, Thomas. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon".
Sociological Analysis. 53: 232–234. Doi:10.2307/3711129. Shupe, Anson. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". The Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. 31: 552–553. Doi:10.2307/1386876. World and I staff. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". World and I. 6: 374. Yamamoto, J. Isamu. "Inquisition: The Persecution and Prosecution of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon". Christianity Today. 35: 35–36