Arnaud Desplechin is a French film director and screenwriter. Desplechin was born in Roubaix, he is the son of Robert and Mado Desplechin, grew up in the Nord department. He has a brother named Fabrice who has acted in several of his films, two sisters: novelist Marie Desplechin and screenwriter Raphaëlle Desplechin. Arnaud Desplechin studied film directing at the University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle at the IDHEC, graduating in 1984, he made three short films inspired by the work of the Belgian novelist Jean Ray. During the late 1980s, Desplechin worked as a director of photography on several films. In 1990, Desplechin directed La Vie des morts, starring several actors who would go on to appear in multiple Desplechin films, such as Marianne Dénicourt, Emmanuelle Devos, Emmanuel Salinger and Thibault de Montalembert; the 54-minute-long film won the Jean Vigo Prize for Short Films, was shown at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival. Desplechin's first feature-length movie, The Sentinel, premiered in 1992 at Cannes, starring several actors from La vie des morts as well as Mathieu Amalric, Chiara Mastroianni, Lászlo Szabó, who have become frequent Desplechin collaborators.
Desplechin's 1996 film My Sex Life... or How I Got Into an Argument was critically successful. In 2000, Desplechin made his first English-language film, Esther Kahn, adapted from a short story by Arthur Symons, starred Summer Phoenix in the title role; the film was seen as a homage to François Truffaut's work because it deals with coming of age and uses the New Wave cinema techniques that Truffaut pioneered. Three years Desplechin made two films adapting Edward Bond's play Playing'In the Company of Men': one showing 70% rehearsal footage and 30% of the film itself; the next year, he directed Kings and Queen, which mixed comedy and tragedy to tell the story of two ex-lovers played by Amalric and Devos. The film starred Catherine Deneuve in the role of a psychiatrist. Kings and Queen was nominated for several awards and Amalric won the César Award for Best Actor. However, controversy arose when actress Marianne Denicourt, Desplechin's ex-girlfriend, accused him of revealing elements of her private life in the screenplay of Kings and Queen.
In 2005, she published Mauvais génie, describing her relationship with an unscrupulous film director called "Arnold Duplancher." In 2006 she unsuccessfully sued Desplechin. In 2007, Desplechin filmed L'Aimée, a documentary showing his father, his brother, his nephews in the family house in Roubaix just before it was to be sold; that same year, he filmed the family drama A Christmas Tale, starring Deneuve, Amalric and Mastroianni. This film was screened in competition at Cannes in 2008, his 2013 film Jimmy Picard was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival constituting his fifth film selected in the main competition. In 2014 he adapted Alexander Ostrovsky's play The Forest. For the drama film My Golden Days, which he directed and co-wrote, Desplechin won the César Award and Lumières Award for Best Director, the SACD Prize at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. In 2016, he was a member of the main competition jury of the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. La Vie des morts La Sentinelle My Sex Life... or How I Got into an Argument Esther Kahn En jouant'Dans la compagnie des hommes' Kings and Queen L'Aimée A Christmas Tale Jimmy P: Psychotherapy of a Plains Indian La forêt My Golden Days Ismael's Ghosts Arnaud Desplechin on IMDb Soul Searching - Interview with Desplechin on Esther Kahn My Sex Life...
How I Got Into An Argument at The Auteurs Ryland Walker Knight on "My Sex Life..." and "Kings and Queen" at The House Next Door
Volker Schlöndorff is a German filmmaker who has worked in Germany and the United States. He was a prominent member of the New German Cinema of the late 1960s and early 1970s, which included Werner Herzog, Wim Wenders, Margarethe von Trotta and Rainer Werner Fassbinder, he won an Oscar as well as the Palme d'or at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival for The Tin Drum, the film version of the novel by Nobel Prize-winning author Günter Grass. Volker Schlöndorff was born in Germany to the physician Dr. Georg Schlöndorff. In 1956 his family moved to Paris, where Schlöndorff won awards at school for his work in philosophy, he graduated in political science at the Sorbonne, while at the same time studying film at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinematographiques, where he was friends with Bertrand Tavernier and met Louis Malle. Malle gave him his first job as his assistant director on Zazie in the Metro, which continued with the films A Very Private Affair, The Fire Within and Viva Maria!. Schlöndorff worked as assistant director on Alain Resnais's Last Year at Marienbad and Jean-Pierre Melville's Léon Morin, Priest.
During this time he made his first short film, Who Cares? about French people living in Frankfurt in 1960. In 1963 he collaborated with filmmaker Jean-Daniel Pollet on the 40-minute documentary Méditerranée; the film has been regarded since its initial release, gaining praise from Jean-Luc Godard and appearing in the popular book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die. Schlöndorff returned to Germany to make his feature film debut Young Törless. Produced by Louis Malle and based on the famous novel The Confusions of Young Törless by Robert Musil, the film debuted at the 1966 Cannes Film Festival. Taking place at a semi-military Austrian boarding school, Törless witnesses the bullying of a fellow student but does nothing to prevent it despite his superior and mature intellect, he begins to accept his personal responsibility for the abuse by doing nothing to stop it and runs away from the school. The comparison to pre-war Germany were obvious and the film was praised upon release, winning the FIPRESCI Prize at Cannes.
The New German Cinema movement unofficially began in 1962 with the Oberhausen Manifesto, calling new young German filmmakers to revitalize filmmaking in Germany, much like the French New Wave and British New Wave of the previous few years. Although not among the initial group of filmmakers involved, Schlöndorff was quick to align himself with the group and Young Törless is considered one of the most important films of the New German Cinema. Schlöndorff's next film was A Degree of Murder, a counter-culture saturated film with a musical score by Rolling Stones guitarist Brian Jones; the film stars Jones' girlfriend Anita Pallenberg as a young waitress who accidentally kills her boyfriend and hides the body with the help of two male friends. The film was popular upon release amongst "swinging sixties" youths, he made another film that spoke to the counter culture generation, Michael Kohlhaas - Der Rebell. Set in medieval Germany, Michael Kohlhaas is a horse trader, cheated by a local nobleman and nearly starts a revolution to get revenge.
The film starred David Warner, Anna Karina and Anita Pallenberg and was made in both German and English versions. Schlöndorff adapted Bertolt Brecht's first play Baal for television and cast an actor named Rainer Werner Fassbinder in the lead role, along with Margarethe von Trotta, whom Schlöndorff would marry the following year. Schlöndorff adapted the story of a self-destructive poet to modern day Munich and the film was shown on German TV in 1970, he made another TV movie The Sudden Wealth of the Poor People of Kombach, again starring Fassbinder. The film depicts 7 peasants in 19th Century Germany who rob the local tax collection cart but are so conditioned by their poverty that they cannot handle their newfound wealth; the Morals of Ruth Halbfass examined a group of people who have lost their sense of morals and co-starred von Trotta. Von Trotta would both co-write Schlöndorff's next film, A Free Woman; the film took a feminist look at the condition of modern women in Munich. Von Trotta portrays Elizabeth Junker, a divorced woman who must struggle to live her life independently as her husband has everything come to him, including the villa and son that they had shared together as a married couple.
The film is loosely based on von Trotta's experiences with her divorce from her first husband. Schlöndorff completed the TV movie Übernachtung in Tirol in 1974, an adaptation of the Henry James short story Les raisons de Georgina for German TV and directed his first opera in Frankfurt, a production of Leoš Janáček's Káťa Kabanová in 1974. Schlöndorff had his first financial hit film with The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum in 1975. Based on the novel of the same name by Nobel Prize-winning German author Heinrich Böll, Schlöndorff both co-wrote and co-directed the film with Margarethe von Trotta in her directorial debut; the film stars Angela Winkler as Blum, who after falling in love and spending the night with a young army deserter becomes the victim of a corrupt police investigation and predatory tabloid newspaper, which cast her as both a terrorist and a prostitute. The newspaper is based upon the real right-wing German tabloid Bild-Zeitung, whose publisher Axel Springer was the inspiration for the character Werner Tötges.
In Schlöndorff's view, West Germany had fallen into political hysteria over the activities of the terrorist group the Red Army Faction. The police and journalistic activities in both Böll's novel and Schlöndorff's film portrayed the Red Army Faction era as reminiscent of McCarthyism in 19
Costa-Gavras is a Greek-French film director and producer who lives and works in France. He is known for films with overt political themes, such as the thriller Z, but he has made comedies. Most of his movies have been made in French, he produces most of his films himself, through his production company K. G. Productions. Costa-Gavras was born in Arcadia, his family spent the Second World War in a village in the Peloponnese, moved to Athens after the war. His father had been a member of the Pro-Soviet branch of the Greek Resistance, was imprisoned during the Greek Civil War, his father's Communist Party membership made it impossible for Costa-Gavras to attend university in Greece or to be granted a visa to the United States, so after high school he went to France, where he began studying law in 1951. In 1956, he left his university studies to study film at the French national film school, IDHEC. After film school, he apprenticed under Yves Allégret, became an assistant director for Jean Giono and René Clair.
After several further positions as first assistant director, he directed his first feature film, Compartiment Tueurs, in 1965. His 1967 film Shock Troops was entered into the 5th Moscow International Film Festival. In Z, an investigating judge, played by Jean-Louis Trintignant, tries to uncover the truth about the murder of a prominent leftist politician, played by Yves Montand, while government officials and the military attempt to cover up their roles; the film is a fictionalized account of the events surrounding the assassination of Greek politician Grigoris Lambrakis in 1963. It had additional resonance because, at the time of its release, Greece had been ruled for two years by the "Regime of the Colonels". Z won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film. Costa-Gavras and co-writer Jorge Semprún won an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Film Screenplay. L'Aveu follows the path of Artur London, a Czechoslovakian communist minister falsely arrested and tried for treason and espionage in the Slánský'show trial' in 1952.
State of Siege takes place in Uruguay under a conservative government in the early 1970s. In a plot loosely based on the case of US police official and alleged torture expert Dan Mitrione, an American embassy official is kidnapped by the Tupamaros, a radical leftist urban guerilla group, which interrogates him in order to reveal the details of secret American support for repressive regimes in Latin America. Missing released in 1982 and based on the book The Execution Of Charles Horman, concerns an American journalist, Charles Horman, who disappeared in the bloody coup led by General Augusto Pinochet in Chile and backed by the United States in 1973. Horman's father, played by Jack Lemmon, wife, played by Sissy Spacek, search in vain to determine his fate. Nathaniel Davis, US ambassador to Chile from 1971–1973, a version of whose character had been portrayed in the movie, filed a US$150 million libel suit, Davis v. Costa-Gavras, 619 F. Supp. 1372, against the studio and the director, dismissed.
The film won an Oscar for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Betrayed based upon the terrorist activities of American neo-Nazi and white supremacist Robert Mathews and his group The Order. In Music Box, a respected Hungarian immigrant is accused of having commanded an Anti-Semitic death squad during World War II, his daughter, a Chicago defense attorney played by Jessica Lange, agrees to defend him at his denaturalization hearing. The film is inspired by the arrest and trial of Ukrainian immigrant John Demjanjuk and screenwriter Joe Eszterhas' realization that his father had been a member of the Hungarian Arrow Cross Party; the film won the Golden Bear at the 40th Berlin International Film Festival. La Petite Apocalypse was entered into the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival. Amen. was based in part on the controversial 1963 play, Der Stellvertreter. Ein christliches Trauerspiel, by Rolf Hochhuth; the movie alleges that Pope Pius XII was aware of the plight of the Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II, but failed to take public action to publicize or condemn the Holocaust.
Costa-Gavras is known for merging controversial political issues with the entertainment value of commercial cinema. Law and justice, legal/illegal violence, torture are common subjects in his work relevant to his earlier films. Costa-Gavras is an expert of the “statement” picture. In most cases, the targets of Costa-Gavras's work have been right-of-center movements and regimes, including Greek conservatives in and out of the military in Z, right-wing dictatorships that ruled much of Latin America during the height of the Cold War, as in State of Siege and Missing. In a broader sense, this emphasis continues with Amen. Given its focus on the conservative leadership of the Catholic Church during the 1940s. In this political context, L'Aveu provides the exception, dealing as it does with oppression on the part of a Communist regime during the Stalinist period. Costa-Gavras is a self-proclaimed communist. Costa-Gavras has brought attention to international issues, some urgent, others problematic, he has done this in the tradition of cinematic story-telling.
Z, one of his most well-known works, is an account of the undermining i
Claude Miller was a French film director and screenwriter. Claude Miller was born to a Jewish family. A student at Paris' IDHEC film school from 1962 through 1963, Miller had his first practical cinematic experience while he was in uniform, serving with the Service Cinéma de l'Armée. From 1965 until 1974, Miller worked in assistant and supervisory capacities for many of France's major directors, including Robert Bresson and Jean-Luc Godard, his principal mentor was François Truffaut, under whose tutelage Miller directed a trio of shorts and La meilleure façon de marcher, his first theatrical feature, a coming-of-age drama which bore traces of Truffaut's Les Mistons and The 400 Blows. Miller received César nominations for best director and writing for this film, his subsequent films can be perceived as homages to Truffaut, many using the same production personnel. The following year he made Dites-lui que je l'aime, for which he received a second César nomination for Best Director, he won a César Award for Best Writing in 1981 for Garde à vue, the Louis Delluc Prize in 1985 for L'Effrontée, for which he received another César nomination for Best Director.
In 1983 he directed Mortelle randonnée. When Truffaut died in 1984 during the preparation of another feature about a confused, adolescent serial thief entangled with an older lover, La Petite Voleuse, Miller took over the project, completing the film in 1988; the latter film was a considerable international success, solidified Miller's status as one of France's major film-makers. On French television, Miller directed dozens of commercials and the six-part miniseries Traits de Mémoire. After a four-year absence, Claude Miller returned to active filmmaking with The Accompanist and Le Sourire, he had to wait until 1998 for his next major success: La Classe de Neige, the chilling story of a lonely boy on a school skiing holiday, which won the Jury Prize at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival. Films Miller directed include Betty Fisher et autres histoires which Peter Bradshaw wrote that Miller "endowed it with the fascination of an exotic, poisonous flower", La Petite Lili, A Secret. At the time of his death he was working on an adaptation of François Mauriac's Thérèse Desqueyroux.
The film was selected to close the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. 1969: La Question ordinaire 1971: Camille ou la comédie catastrophique 1976: La meilleure façon de marcher 1977: Dites-lui que je l'aime 1981: Garde à vue 1983: Mortelle randonnée 1985: L'Effrontée 1988: La Petite Voleuse 1992: L'Accompagnatrice 1994: Le Sourire 1998: La Classe de neige 2000: La Chambre des magiciennes 2001: Betty Fisher et autres histoires 2003: La Petite Lili 2007: A Secret 2009: Marching Band 2009: I'm Glad My Mother Is Alive co-directed with his son Nathan Miller 2010: Voyez comme ils dansent 2012: Thérèse Desqueyroux Claude Miller on IMDb Director Claude Miller Honoured in Hollywood
Jean-Jacques Annaud is a French film director and producer, best known for directing Quest for Fire, The Name of the Rose, The Bear, The Lover, Seven Years in Tibet, Enemy at the Gates and Wolf Totem. Annaud has received numerous awards for his work, including five César Awards, one David di Donatello Award, one National Academy of Cinema Award. Annaud's first film and White in Color, received an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Jean-Jacques Annaud was born on 1 October 1943 in Juvisy-sur-Orge, Essonne in France, he was educated at the technical school in Vaugirard, in 1964 graduated from the prestigious film school Institut des Hautes Études Cinématographiques in Paris. Annaud began his career by directing television advertisements in the late 1960s to early 1970s. In his first feature film and White in Color from 1976, he used personal experience obtained during his own military service in Cameroon; the film won an Academy Award for the Best Foreign Language Film. His third film Quest for Fire received two Césars for best director.
After a French film that becomes a cult classic in his homeland, he moves to Kenya and Canada to shoot Quest for Fire which brings him international recognition. He directs Sean Connery on the Italian sets and the German monasteries of The Name of the Rose, based on Umberto Eco’s eponymous novel.'The Name of the Rose, a film adaptation of Umberto Eco's popular novel of the same name. The film version, with a screenplay written by Andrew Birkin, won two BAFTA Film Awards and was the subject of another 14 wins & two nominations. Jean-Jacques Annaud spent four years preparing for the film, traveling throughout the United States as well as Europe, searching for the perfect cast and film set locations, he felt intrigued by the project, among other things because of a lifelong fascination with medieval churches and a great familiarity with Latin and Greek. He adapted The Bear’s P. O. V. in the heart of select locations of the Dolomites, Germany and Austria. He shoots, in Vietnam, the adaptation of Marguerite Duras’s autobiographical novel, The Lover, brilliantly recreating the atmosphere of colonial Indochina.
He sets back out to the Canadian Rockies and directs Wings of Courage, the first 3D fiction film made in Imax-3D. In 2000 he produced Running Free directed by Sergei Bodrov. Jean-Jacques Annaud worked with Brad Pitt as he directs Seven Years in Tibet. In 2001, he reunites Jude Law and Ed Harris in the hell of the famed battle of Stalingrad reconstructed in Germany. Soon after, he flies to the ruins of the temples of Angkor and gives life to Two Brothers, the shooting taking place in Cambodia and France; the filmmaker sets out to revive ancient Greece Arabia of the late ’30's, directing Antonio Banderas in Tunisia and Qatar in Black Gold. In 2015, he adapts Wolf Totem, a Chinese literary phenomenon shot in Inner Mongolia. A global triumph, this film wins the most prestigious Chinese awards and a dozen other trophies around the world. In 2018, Jean-Jacques Annaud directs in Canada Patrick Dempsey in his ten-part TV adaptation of Joël Dicker's best-seller The Truth about the Harry Quebert Affair to be released in 22 countries.
Jean-Jacques Annaud is a member of the prestigious Institut de France and received numerous distinctions: Film Award of the National French Academy, Knight of the National Order of Merit, Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters. Winner of the Charlemagne Medal for European Media, he has been internationally awarded and honoured. Academy Award 1976: Black and White in Color César Award 1982: Quest for Fire 1982: Quest for Fire 1987: The Name of the Rose 1988: The Bear 1988: The Bear 1992: The Lover David di Donatello 1987: The Name of the Rose European Film Academy Enemy at the Gates 1970: Special Effects Award at the 17th International Advertising Festival of Venice for the commercial spot Super Shell.' 1971: EuroTV Prize for the commercial spot Crunch.' 1973: Golden Lions at the 20th International Advertising Film Festival in Cannes for the spots Christofle – The Chinese and Comédie Materna. Silver Lions at the 20th International Advertising Festival for Le Diner and Travesti. Cinema Diploma at the 20th International Advertising Festival in Cannes for the Roll and Roll for Eram spot.
First Prize from the Art Directors Club for the commercials Christofle – The Chinese. Clio Award for the commercial Christofle – The Chinese.' 1974: Silver Lions at the 21st International Advertising Festival in Cannes for the commercial Look Nevada.' 1977: First Prize from the Art Directors Club for Advert for the commercial Urgo.' 1977: Academy Award for Best Foreign Film for Black and White in Color released as La Victoire en chantant.' 1978: Second Prize from the Art Directors Club for Advert for the commercial Dunlopillo.' 1979: Best Commercial Award for TV for the spot “The Train” for
Louis Marie Malle was a French film director and producer. His film Le Monde du silence won the Palme d'Or in 1956 and the Academy Award for Best Documentary in 1957, although he was not credited at the ceremony. In his career he was nominated multiple times for Academy Awards. Malle is one of the few directors to have won the Golden Lion multiple times. Malle worked in both French cinema and Hollywood, he produced both French and English language films, his most famous films include the crime film Ascenseur pour l'échafaud, the World War II drama Lacombe, the romantic crime film Atlantic City, the comedy-drama My Dinner with Andre, the autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants. Malle was born into a wealthy industrialist family in Thumeries, France, the son of Francoise and Pierre Malle. During World War II, Malle attended a Roman Catholic boarding school near Fontainebleau; as an 11-year-old he witnessed a Gestapo raid on the school, in which three Jewish students, including his close friend and a Jewish teacher, were rounded up and deported to Auschwitz.
The school's headmaster, Père Jacques, was arrested for harboring them and sent to the concentration camp at Mauthausen. Malle would address these events in his autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants; as a young man, Malle studied political science at Sciences Po before turning to film studies at IDHEC. He worked as the co-director and cameraman to Jacques Cousteau on the documentary The Silent World, which won an Oscar and the Palme d'Or at the 1956 Academy Awards and Cannes Film Festival respectively, he assisted Robert Bresson on A Man Escaped before making his first feature, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud in 1957. A taut thriller featuring an original score by Miles Davis, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud made an international film star of Jeanne Moreau, at the time a leading stage actress of the Comédie-Française. Malle was 24 years old. Malle's The Lovers, which starred Moreau, caused major controversy due to its sexual content, leading to a landmark U. S. Supreme Court case regarding the legal definition of obscenity.
In Jacobellis v. Ohio, a theater owner was fined $2,500 for obscenity; the decision was reversed by the higher court, which found that the film was not obscene and hence constitutionally protected. However, the court could not agree on the definition of "obscene", which caused Justice Potter Stewart to utter his "I know it when I see it" opinion the most famous single line associated with the court. Malle is sometimes associated with the nouvelle vague movement, his work does not directly fit in with or correspond to the auteurist theories that apply to the work of Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, Éric Rohmer and others, he had nothing whatsoever to do with the Cahiers du cinéma. However, Malle's work does exemplify some of the characteristics of the movement, such as using natural light and shooting on location, his film Zazie dans le Métro inspired Truffaut to write an enthusiastic letter to Malle. Other films tackled taboo subjects: The Fire Within centres on a man about to commit suicide, Le souffle au cœur deals with an incestuous relationship between mother and son, Lacombe Lucien, co-written with Patrick Modiano, is about collaboration with the Nazis in Vichy France during World War II.
The second of these earned Malle his first Oscar nominations for "Best Writing and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced". Malle visited India in 1968, made a seven-part documentary series, L'Inde fantôme: Reflexions sur un voyage, a documentary film, released in cinemas. Concentrating on real India, its rituals and festivities, Malle fell afoul of the Indian government, which disliked his portrayal of the country, in its fascination with the pre-modern, banned the BBC from filming in India for several years. Malle claimed his documentary on India was his favorite film. Malle moved to the United States and continued to direct there, his films include Pretty Baby, Atlantic City, My Dinner with Andre, Alamo Bay and Vanya on 42nd Street in English. Just as his earlier films such as The Lovers helped popularize French films in the United States, My Dinner with Andre was at the forefront of the rise of American independent cinema in the 1980s. Towards the end of his life, Malle was interviewed extensively for The Times by cultural correspondent Melinda Camber Porter.
In 1993, the interviews were included in Camber Porter's book Through Parisian Eyes: Reflections On Contemporary French Arts And Culture. Malle was married to Anne-Marie Deschodt from 1965 to 1967, he had a son, Manuel Cuotemoc Malle, with German actress Gila von Weitershausen, a daughter, filmmaker Justine Malle, with Canadian actress Alexandra Stewart. He married actress Candice Bergen in 1980, they had one child, a daughter, Chloé Françoise Malle, on 8 November 1985. He died from lymphoma, aged 63, at their home in Beverly Hills, California, on 23 November 1995. Le Monde du silence Cannes Film Festi
Claire Denis is a French film director and writer. Her feature film Beau Travail has been called one of the greatest films of the 1990s and one of the best films directed by a woman. Other acclaimed works include Trouble Every Day, 35 Shots of Rum, White Material, High Life, her work has dealt with themes of colonial and post-colonial West Africa, as well as issues in modern France, continues to influence European cinematic identity. Denis was born in Paris, but raised in colonial French Africa, where her father was a civil servant, living in Burkina Faso, French Somaliland, Senegal, her childhood spent living in West Africa with her parents and her younger sister would color her perspectives on certain political issues. It has been a strong influence on her films, which have dealt with themes of colonialism and post-colonialism in Africa, her father moved with the family every two years because he wanted the children to learn about geography. Growing up in West Africa, Denis used to watch the old and damaged copies of war films sent from the United States.
As an adolescent she loved to read. Completing the required material while in school, at night she would sneak her mother's detective stories to read; when Denis was 14 years old, she moved with her mother and sister to a Parisian suburb in France, a country that she hardly knew at all. Her parents wanted their children to finish their education in France. Denis studied economics, she has said, "It was suicidal. Everything pissed me off." She studied at the French film school, with the encouragement of her husband. He told her, she graduated from the IDHEC and, since 2002, has been a Professor of Film at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. Her feature film directorial debut Chocolat, a semi-autobiographical meditation on African colonialism, won her critical acclaim, it was selected for the Cannes Film Festival and was praised by critics and audiences alike as a remarkable first film. With films such as US Go Home, Nénette et Boni, Beau Travail, set in Africa, she returned to Africa again with White Material, set in an unidentified country during a time of civil war.
Denis is a collaborative filmmaker, saying in an interview that "the film becomes a relationship...and, what's important, the relationship." The importance of collaboration is seen throughout her body of work. She works with many of the same actors, such as Isaach de Bankole, Vincent Gallo, Béatrice Dalle, Alex Descas, Grégoire Colin, collaborates with the screenwriter Jean-Pol Fargeau, composer Stuart Staples, cinematographer Agnès Godard, whom she met in the 1970s at the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques; when asked in an interview about her screen writing process, Denis said, "I realize I have Isaach or Grégoire or someone else in mind" when writing scenes. She has said that she "hold no auditions" for casting in her films, her collaboration goes beyond her own films, as she has appeared in other directors' films, such as Laetitia Masson's En avoir and Tonie Marshall's Vénus beauté. She shares screenwriting credit with Yousry Nasrallah for his film El Medina, she worked as an assistant director with Wim Wenders on Paris and Wings of Desire, with Jim Jarmusch on Down by Law.
In 2005, she was a member of the jury at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival. In 2011, she was a member of the jury at the Deauville American Film Festival, her 2013 film Bastards was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. That year, she was awarded Stockholm Lifetime Achievement Award at the Stockholm Film Festival. Denis announced in 2015 that she was partnering with Zadie Smith for her English-language debut film, High Life; the film, released in 2018, was her first English-language feature film, with Robert Pattinson cast as the lead. Around this time, she wrote and directed the film Let the Sunshine In, which starred Juliette Binoche and was released in 2017; the majority of Denis' oeuvre uses location work over studio work. She sometimes places her actors, she uses longer takes with a stationary camera and frames things in long shot, resulting in fewer close ups. However, Denis' cinematic and topical focus always remains relentlessly on the faces and bodies of her protagonists.
The subject's body in space, how the particular terrain and color of the landscape influences and interacts with the human subjects of her films maintains cinematic dominance. Tim Palmer explores Denis' work as brilliant film stylist per se. According to the Australian James Phillips, when making her films, Denis rejects the marketable conventions of Hollywood cinema and frees the viewers of her films from the expectations of clichés. Denis combines history with personal history; this superimposition of the personal with the historical allows her films to be described as auteur cinema. She is known to work within a large range of genres, spanning from the themes of horror seen in Trouble Every Day to the romance and drama found in Friday Night. While criti